Communist Party USA

Knowledge Identifier: &Communist_Party_USA

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Communist Party USA

Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States, and is the largest communist party in the country add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1919.

Countries: United States (66%), Russia (8%), Germany (6%)

Main connections: Soviet Union, Socialist Party of America, Richard Wright (author)

Linked to: Communist Labor Party, Communist Party, Communist Party of Canada, Communist Party of China

 

Timeline


 

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1919

During the spring of 1919 the Left Wing Caucus of the Socialist Party, buoyed by a large influx of new members from countries involved in the Russian Revolution, prepared to wrest control from the smaller controlling faction of moderate socialists add something

 

Foster, who had been deeply involved in the Steel Strike of 1919 and had been a long-time syndicalist and a Wobbly, had strong bonds with the progressive leaders of the Chicago Federation of Labor and, through them, with the Progressive Party and nascent farmer-labor parties add something

 

In 1919, after a series of unattributed bombings and attempted assassinations of government officials, and judges , the US Department of Justice headed by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, acting under the Sedition Act of 1918, began arresting thousands of foreign-born party members, many of whom the government deported add something

 

This prosecution was continued in 1919 and January, 1920 in the Palmer Raids or the red scare add something

 

When the Communist Party was formed in 1919 the United States government was engaged in prosecution of socialists who had opposed World War I and military service add something

 

In January 1919, Vladimir Lenin invited the left wing of the Socialist Party of America to join Comintern add something

 

By August 1919, only months after its founding, the CPUSA claimed 50,000 to 60,000 members add something

 

The Socialist Party called an emergency convention on August 30, 1919 add something

 

The remaining leftist delegates walked out and, meeting with the expelled delegates, formed the Communist Labor Party on August 30, 1919 add something

 

However, the language federations, eventually joined by C.E. Ruthenberg and Louis C. Fraina, turned away from that effort and formed their own party, the Communist Party of America, at a separate convention on September 1, 1919 add something

 

Socialist Party of America - Meanwhile, elsewhere in Chicago the Federations and Michiganders and their supporters established the Communist Party of America at a convention gaveled to order on September 1, 1919


1920

As the red scare and deportations of the early 1920s ebbed, the party became bolder and more open add something

 

The Comintern was not happy with two communist parties and in January, 1920 dispatched an order that the two parties, which consisted of about 12,000 members, merge under the name United Communist Party, and to follow the party line established in Moscow add something

 

The records provided an irrefutable link between Soviet intelligence and information obtained by the CPUSA and its contacts in the U.S. government from the 1920s through the 1940s add something

 

Victor Riesel - In the 1920s and 1930s, Nathan Riesel successfully opposed Communist Party USA attempts to infiltrate activists into the local union and turning its purpose to promotion of the party

 

Robert Minor - Upon his return to the America in 1920, Minor immediately joined the underground American Communist Party


1921

A more strongly worded directive from the Comintern eventually did the trick and the parties were merged in May, 1921 add something

 

It re-emerged in the last days of 1921 as a legal political party called the Workers Party of America add something

 

Workers Party of America - The "'Workers Party of America"' was the name of the legal party organization used by the Communist Party USA from the last days of 1921 until the middle of 1929


1924

Perhaps the greatest single blow dealt to the party in this period was the loss of the "Daily Worker", published since 1924, which was suspended in 1958 due to falling circulation add something

 

Under pressure from the Comintern, however, the party broke off relations with both groups in 1924 add something


1925

In 1925 the Comintern, through its representative Sergei Gusev, ordered the majority Foster faction to surrender control to Ruthenberg's faction; Foster complied add something

 

This move away from hopes of revolution in the near future to a more nuanced approach was accelerated by the decisions of the Fifth World Congress of the Comintern held in 1925 add something


1926

The factional infighting within the CPUSA did not end, however; the Communist leadership of the New York locals of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union lost the 1926 strike of cloakmakers in New York City in large part because of intra-party factional rivalries add something


1927

Ruthenberg died in 1927 and his ally, Lovestone, succeeded him as party secretary add something


1928

Cannon attended the Sixth Congress of the Comintern in 1928, hoping to use his connections with leading circles within it to regain the advantage against the Lovestone faction add something

 

In 1928 there were about 24,000 members add something

 

The upheavals within the CPUSA in 1928 were an echo of a much more significant change: Stalin's decision to break off any form of collaboration with western socialist parties, which were now condemned as "social fascists add something


1929

This was to have unfortunate consequences for Lovestone when, in 1929, Bukharin was on the losing end of a struggle with Stalin and was purged from his position on the Politburo and removed as head of the Comintern add something

 

Grace Lumpkin - His expulsion from the Communist Party in 1929 brought a strain to their relationship as Grace remained part of the Communist party until she left communism voluntarily in around 1939

 

Grace Lumpkin - In 1929 she was sent to the south by the Communist Party to organize among black sharecroppers and to observe and participate in the Communist-led Gastonia, North Carolina textile strikes

 

Clara Lemlich - In 1929, after the Communist Party created a Women's Commission, Lemlich launched the United Council of Working Class Women, which eventually had nearly fifty branches in New York City , as well as affiliates in Philadelphia , Seattle, Chicago , Los Angeles , San Francisco and Detroit


1930

By 1930, the party adopted the title of Communist Party of the USA, with the slogan of "the united front from below" add something

 

Historian Ellen Schrecker concludes that decades of recent scholarship offer "a more nuanced portrayal of the party as "both" a Stalinist sect tied to a vicious regime "and" the most dynamic organization within the American Left during the 1930s and '40s" add something

 

Historically significant in Latino working class history as a successful organizer of the Mexican American working class in the Southwestern United States in the 1930s, the Communist Party regards working-class Latino people as another oppressed group targeted by overt racism as well as systemic discrimination in areas such as education, and sees the participation of Latino voters in a general mass movement in both party-based and nonpartisan work as an essential goal for major left-wing progress add something

 

In the late 1930s, with the authorization of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began investigating both domestic Nazis and Communists add something

 

Other CPUSA records contained further evidence that Soviet sympathizers had indeed infiltrated the State Department, beginning in the 1930s add something

 

See The Communist Party and African-Americans and the article on the Scottsboro Boys for the Communist Party's work in promoting minority rights and involvement in the historically significant case of the Scottsboro Boys in the 1930s add something

 

The Communist Party USA played a significant role in defending the rights of African-Americans during its heyday in the 1930s and 1940s add something

 

Alger Hiss - Chambers asserted that he had known Hiss as a member of "an underground organization of the United States Communist Party" in the 1930s

 

Tillie Olsen - In the 1930s she joined the American Communist party

 

Theodore Draper - Unfortunately, by this time the Fund for the Republic had run out of money and the story of the American Communist Party during the decade of the 1930s was left to be told by another writer at a later date


1931

Civil Rights Movement - The ILD was known for leading the defense of the Scottsboro boys in Alabama in 1931, where the Communist Party had considerable influence among African Americans in the 1930s


1932

By 1932 the total had fallen to 6,000 members add something

 

In 1932, the retiring head of the CPUSA, William Z. Foster, published a book entitled "Toward Soviet America", which laid out the Communist Party's plans for revolution and the building of a new socialist society based on the model of Soviet Russia add something

 

The ideological rigidity of the third period began to crack, however, with two events: the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt as president of the United States in 1932 and Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany in 1933 add something


1933

Roosevelt's election and the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933 sparked a tremendous upsurge in union organizing in 1933 and 1934 add something

 

Richard Wright (author) - Especially interested in the literary contacts made at the meetings, Wright formally joined the Communist Party in late 1933 and as a revolutionary poet wrote numerous proletarian poems , "The New Masses" and other left-wing periodicals

 

Alger Hiss - Weyl testified that in 1933 he had belonged to a secret Communist Party unit along with Harold Ware and Lee Pressman, and he confirmed that Alger Hiss had attended meetings


1934

Socialist Party of America - After the rise of the Nazis in Germany and Austria by 1934, no longer did the Communist Party engage in its Third Period epithets against the Socialists as so-called "social fascists"

 

Congress of Industrial Organizations - These were the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934 the leadership of which included some members of the Trotskyist Communist League of America, the 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike the leadership of which included some members of the Communist Party USA, and the 1934 Toledo Auto-Lite strike led by the American Workers Party


1935

The Seventh Congress of the Comintern made the change in line official in 1935, when it declared the need for a "popular front" of all groups opposed to fascism add something

 

Socialist Party of America - For a brief historical moment in 1935 and 1936 the vision of the SP as an "all-inclusive party" which aggregated radical oppositionists and possibly even worked with the Communist Party in common cause seemed achievable


1936

Earl Russell Browder offered to run as Norman Thomas' running mate on a joint Socialist Party-Communist Party ticket in the 1936 presidential election but Thomas rejected this overture add something

 

The gesture did not mean that much in practical terms, since the CPUSA was, by 1936, effectively supporting Roosevelt in much of his trade union work add something

 

Hilary Putnam - His father, Samuel Putnam, was a scholar of Romance languages, columnist and translator who wrote for the "Daily Worker", a publication of the American Communist Party from 1936 to 1946

 

Ring Lardner, Jr. - Lardner joined the US Communist Party in 1936

 

Lester Rodney - Rodney's favorite jobs though involved sports, and in 1936 he parlayed his high school background in sportswriting into a job with the "Daily Worker" and its Sunday edition, the "Sunday Worker", the party organ of the Communist Party USA, or CPUSA. There Rodney was able to combine sports journalism with his developing sense of social justice, to champion social issues, most notably the desegregation of major league baseball

 

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn - She joined the American Communist Party in 1936 and late in life, in 1961, became its chairwoman

 

Lucille Ball - She stated that she had registered to vote as a Communist "or intended to vote the Communist Party ticket" in 1936 at her socialist grandfather's insistence

 

Therein, between August 1936 and mid-1938 the Soviet government indicted, tried, and shot virtually all of the remaining Old Bolsheviks add something


1937

J. Robert Oppenheimer - From 1937 to 1942, in the midst of the Great Purge and Hitler-Stalin pact, Oppenheimer was a member at Berkeley of what he called a "discussion group", which was later identified by fellow members, Haakon Chevalier and Gordon Griffiths, as a "closed" unit of the Communist Party for Berkeley faculty.

 

Lucille Ball - In 1937, Hollywood writer Rena Vale, a self-identified former Communist, attended a Communist Party new members' class at Ball's home, according to Vale's testimony before the United States House of Representatives' Special Committee on Un-American Activities, on July 22, 1940

 

Richard Wright (author) - In 1937, Richard Wright moved to New York, where he forged new ties with Communist Party members there after getting established

 

Socialist Party of America - In Spain, the country in which the Lovestoneites invested most of their emotional energy as fervid supporters of the Workers' Party of Marxist Unification , 1937 marked a similar bloodbath, with the Communist Party of Spain achieving hegemony among the Republican forces and conducting bloody purges of their own at the behest of the Soviet secret police

 

Richard Wright (author) - Through the club, he edited "Left Front", a magazine that the Communist Party shut down in 1937, despite Wright's repeated protests

 

Socialist Party of America - Lillian Symes wrote in the SP's theoretical magazine in February 1937 of the "incredible change" seen to be taking place in the Communist Party in its seeming abandonment of sectarianism and move towards building a broad "people's front" against fascism


1938

Although membership in the CPUSA rose to about 75,000 by 1938, many members left the party after the Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Nazi Germany on August 23, 1939 add something

 

Waldo Salt - He joined the American Communist Party in 1938, and was a civilian consultant to the U.S. Office of War Information during World War II

 

Lillian Hellman - Hellman was a member of the Communist Party from 1938 to 1940, by her own account written in 1952, "a most casual member

 

Carl Marzani - In the summer of 1938 Marzani and his second wife traveled around the world, visiting India, Indochina, China, Japan, and Europe, using Communist Party contacts to meet Nehru and others

 

Morris Kominsky - Kominsky had run in 1938 for Governor of Rhode Island as the candidate of the Communist Party USA, losing to Republican William Henry Vanderbilt III


1939

International Longshore and Warehouse Union - Bridges' star within the CIO began to wane, however, as the Communist Party began to lose ground within the CIO. When the CPUSA began to attack Roosevelt in the months after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact in 1939, the CIO responded by abolishing the position of West Coast director of the CIO, limiting Bridges' authority to California

 

While General Secretary Browder at first attacked Germany for its September 1, 1939 invasion of western Poland, on September 11, the CPUSA received a blunt directive from Moscow denouncing the Polish government add something


1940

Congress passed the Smith Act, which made it illegal to advocate, abet, or teach the desirability of overthrowing the government, in 1940 add something

 

Lillian Hellman - She initially drafted a statement that said her two-year membership in the Communist Party had ended in 1940, but she did not condemn the party nor express regret for her participation in it

 

J. Robert Oppenheimer - The &Federal_Bureau_of_Investigation recorded that J. Robert Oppenheimer attended a meeting in the home of self-proclaimed Communist Haakon Chevalier, that the Communist Party's California state chairman William Schneiderman, and Isaac Folkoff, West Coast liaison between the Communist Party and NKVD, attended in Fall 1940, during the Hitler-Stalin pact.

 

Dalton Trumbo - Trumbo aligned himself with the Communist Party USA before the 1940s, although he did not join the party until 1943

 

By April 1940, the CPUSA Daily Worker's line seemed not so much antiwar as simply pro-German add something

 

In August 1940, after NKVD agent Ramón Mercader killed Leon Trotsky with an ice axe, Browder perpetuated Moscow's fiction that the killer, who had been dating one of Trotsky's secretaries, was a disillusioned follower add something


1941

Ostensibly, this was not due to Lovestone's insubordination in challenging a decision by Stalin, but for his support for American Exceptionalism, the thesis that socialism could be achieved peacefully in the USA. Lovestone and Gitlow formed their own group called the "Communist Party ", a section of the pro-Bukharin International Communist Opposition, which was initially larger than the Trotskyists but failed to survive past 1941 add something

 

Richard Wright (author) - In 1941, he married Ellen Poplar , the daughter of immigrants of Polish Jewish ancestry and a Communist Party organizer in Brooklyn

 

In allegiance to the Soviet Union, the party changed this policy again after Adolf Hitler broke the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by attacking the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 add something


1942

Pete Seeger - In 1942 he became a member of the Communist Party USA itself

 

Richard Wright (author) - This book detailed Wright's involvement with the John Reed Clubs and the Communist Party, which he left in 1942

 

Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz - The Federal Bureau of Investigation had placed a listening device in the residence of Communist Party activist Steve Nelson, and in October 1942 overheard a man referred to as "Joe", whom the FBI suspected of being Lomanitz's close friend Joe Weinberg, describing to Nelson the significance and technical outlines of the secret nuclear research done at Berkeley


1943

Stalin publicly disbanded the Comintern in 1943 add something

 

Dalton Trumbo - Trumbo was a member of the Communist Party USA from 1943 until 1948

 

A Moscow NKVD message to all stations on September 12, 1943 detailed instructions for handling intelligence sources within the CPUSA after the disestablishment of the Comintern add something


1944

In order better to integrate the communist movement into American life the party was officially dissolved in 1944 and replaced by a "Communist Political Association" add something

 

Theodore Hall - While on a vacation in New York City in October 1944, he visited to the CPUSA offices, instead of the Soviet Consulate , in order to locate a contact to pass information on the Manhattan Project along to the Soviet Union


1945

As a result of this, in 1945 he was retired and replaced by William Z. Foster, who would remain the senior leader of the party until his own retirement in 1958 add something

 

Elizabeth Bentley - In 1945 she defected from the Communist Party and Soviet intelligence and became an informer for the U.S. She exposed two networks of spies, ultimately naming over 80 Americans who had engaged in espionage for the Soviets


1946

Jerry Voorhis - After being re-elected by comfortable margins four times, he faced Nixon in 1946 in a bitter campaign in which Voorhis's supposed endorsement by groups linked to the Communist Party was made into a major issue

 

Arthur Miller - In his book "Trinity of Passion", author Alan M. Wald conjectures that Miller was "a member of a writer's unit of the Communist Party around 1946," using the pseudonym "'Matt Wayne"', and editing a drama column in the magazine "The New Masses"


1947

More important for the party was the renewal of state persecution of the CPUSA. The Truman administration's loyalty oath program, introduced in 1947, drove some leftists out of federal employment and, more importantly, legitimized the notion of Communists as subversives, to be exposed and expelled from public and private employment add something

 

Harold Cruse - In 1947 Cruse joined the Communist Party for several years


1948

Against the backdrop of these many setbacks, however, William Z Foster, who was once again in a leadership role after the ouster of Earl Browder, and who, due to his poor health, had not been brought to trial in 1948 along with a number of other members of the party's leadership, wrote his "History of the Communist Party of the United States" add something

 

Robert Minor - Bob Minor suffered a heart attack in 1948 and was bedridden during the time of McCarthyism when his fellow leaders of the American Communist Party were arrested and imprisoned

 

Lee Pressman - Pressman lost his job as counsel for the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1948 as a result of a purge of Communist Party members and fellow travelers from that organization

 

Clara Lemlich - The Councils organized even broader boycotts to protest high prices in 1948 and 1951, before accusations of Communist Party dominance destroyed it in the early 1950s

 

Alger Hiss - On August 3, 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist Party member appeared before the House Committee on Un-American Activities to denounce Alger Hiss

 

Alger Hiss - On August 3, 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist Party member, testified under subpoena before the House Committee on Un-American Activities that Hiss had secretly been a Communist while in federal service


1949

In 1949, the federal government put Eugene Dennis, William Z. Foster and ten other CPUSA leaders on trial for advocating the violent overthrow of the government add something

 

In 1949's Foley Square trial, the FBI prosecuted eleven members of the CPUSA's leadership, including Gus Hall and Eugene Dennis add something

 

The CIO formally expelled a number of left-led unions in 1949 after internal disputes triggered by the party's support for Henry Wallace's candidacy for President and its opposition to the Marshall Plan, while other labor leaders sympathetic to the CPUSA either were driven out of their unions or dropped their alliances with the party add something

 

The widespread fear of Communism became even more acute after the Soviets' detonation of an atomic bomb in 1949 and discovery of Soviet espionage add something

 

Smith Act - After a ten-month trial at the Foley Square Courthouse in Manhattan, eleven leaders of the Communist Party were convicted under the Smith Act in 1949


1950

One of America's most prominent sexual radicals, Harry Hay, developed his political views as an active member of the CPUSA, but his founding in the early 1950s of the Mattachine Society, America's second gay rights group, was not seen as something Communists should associate with organizationally add something

 

Senator McCarthy had kept up his attacks on the CPUSA during the 1950s despite being aware of its impotency add something

 

The government prosecutors, encouraged by their success, arrested and convicted over 100 additional Party officers in the early 1950s add something

 

William Sullivan, chief of intelligence operations for the FBI in the 1950s, has described Hoover's continued zeal in pursuing action against the CPUSA as "insincere", as he was fully aware of the Party's moribund condition add something

 

Socialist Party of America - After the 1950s, however, the Party's appeal was weakened by the popularity of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, the organization and flexibility of the Communist Party under Earl Browder, and the resurgent labor movement's desire to support sympathetic Democratic Party politicians

 

John Berry (film director) - In 1950, Berry agreed to direct a short documentary on the Hollywood 10, a group of directors and writers who refused to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee in their pursuit of supposed Communist Party infiltration within the U.S. film industry

 

J. Robert Oppenheimer - In 1950, Paul Crouch, Communist Party organizer for Alameda County from April 1941 to early January 1942, was the first person to accuse Oppenheimer of Communist Party ties.

 

Stanley Levison - Levison was in the leadership of the Communist Party USA in the 1950s

 

Leslie Cagan - She attended her first political rally as a young child in the 1950s, accompanied by her parents, who were former members of the Communist Party

 

Smith Act - In December 1950, following an Immigration and Naturalization Service hearing, Claudia Jones, a citizen of Trinidad, was ordered deported from the U.S. for violating the McCarran Act as an alien who had joined the Communist Party


1952

Theodore Hall, a Harvard-trained physicist who did not join the CPUSA until 1952, began passing information on the atomic bomb to the Soviets soon after he was hired at Los Alamos at age 19 add something

 

Lillian Hellman - In 1952 Hellman was called to testify before HUAC, which had heard testimony that she had attended Communist Party meetings in 1937


1953

Korean War - The end of the Korean War in 1953 led to a lessening of anxieties about subversion add something


1954

Congress outlawed the CPUSA in the Communist Control Act of 1954 add something

 

J. Robert Oppenheimer - He was a subscriber to the People's World, a Communist Party organ, and he testified in 1954, "I was associated with the Communist movement.

 

Moses I. Finley - In 1954, he appeared before the United States Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security , which asked him whether he had ever been a member of the Communist Party USA

 

Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz - The Atomic Energy Commission Personnel Security Board found in 1954 that Oppenheimer had stated in 1943 that he did not want anybody working on the project who was a member of the Communist Party, since "one always had a question of divided loyalty" and the discipline of the Communist Party was very severe and not compatible with complete loyalty to the project

 

John P. Frey - In June 1954, Frey accused Harold Pritchett, president of the International Woodworkers of America, of being a member of the Communist Party


1956

Cold War - As the decades progressed, the combined effects of the second Red Scare, McCarthyism, Nikita Khrushchev's 1956 Secret Speech denouncing the previous decades of Joseph Stalin's rule, and the adversities of the continued Cold War mentality, steadily weakened the Communist Party's internal structure and confidence add something

 

David Horowitz - The Horowitz family broke with the American Communist Party after the publication of Nikita Khrushchev's Secret Speech in 1956


1957

By 1957, membership had dwindled to less than 10,000, of whom some 1,500 were informants for the Federal Bureau of Investigation add something


1959

From 1959 until 1989, when Gus Hall attacked the initiatives taken by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union, the CPUSA received a substantial subsidy from the Soviet Union add something


1960

Vietnam War - The party attempted to recover with its opposition to the Vietnam War during the U.S. Civil rights movement in the 1960s, but the continued uncritical support of the CPUSA for an increasingly stultified and militaristic Soviet Union increasingly alienated them from the rest of the U.S. left, who saw this supportive position as outdated and even dangerous add something

 

Gus Hall - During the 1960s and 1970s, Hall made frequent appearances on Soviet television, always supporting the position of the Soviet Communist Party and the Leonid Brezhnev regime


1961

Many of these critics were elements on both U.S. coasts who would come together to form the Progressive Labor Movement in 1961 add something


1964

Hubert Humphrey - During his tenure, Humphrey was the lead author of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, introduced the first initiative to create the Peace Corps, sponsored the clause of the McCarran Act to threaten concentration camps for 'subversives', proposed making Communist Party membership a felony and chaired the Select Committee on Disarmament


1970

In the 1970s, the CPUSA managed to grow in membership to about 25,000 members, despite the exodus of numerous Anti-Revisionist and Maoist groups from its ranks add something

 

This substantial amount reflected the Party's loyalty to the Moscow line, in contrast to the Italian and later Spanish and British Communist parties, whose eurocommunism deviated from the orthodox line in the late 1970s add something

 

Bettina Aptheker - During the 1970s, Aptheker worked for the defense in the high-profile trial of Angela Davis, a long-time friend and fellow Communist Party member involved in George Jackson's attempt to escape from jail


1986

" The two newspapers merged in 1986 into the People's Weekly World add something


1989

The cutoff of funds in 1989 resulted in a financial crisis, which forced the CPUSA to cut back publication in 1990 of the Party newspaper, the "People's Daily World", to weekly publication, the "People's Weekly World" add something


1991

With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the party held its convention and attempted to resolve the issue of whether the Party should reject Marxism-Leninism add something


1992

Alger Hiss - Russian archivists responded by reviewing their files, and in late 1992 reported back that they had found no evidence Hiss ever engaged in espionage for the Soviet Union nor that he was a member of the Communist Party


1995

Industrial Workers of the World - However, British lecturer Peter Knight in his scholarly encyclopedia of conspiracy theories connects the Comintern with the Communist Party USA, based on Venona project decrypts released in 1995, but Knight does not make the same connection between IWW and the Comintern


1998

It was instrumental in the founding of the Black Radical Congress in 1998 add something

 

The Communist Party was instrumental in the founding of the progressive Black Radical Congress in 1998 add something


2001

According to its 2001 Constitution, the party operates on the principle of democratic centralism, its highest authority being the quadrennial National Convention add something

 

Article VI, Section 3 of the 2001 Constitution lays out certain positions as non-negotiable: add something


2004

In 2004, the editors of "Political Affairs" published articles detailing their self-criticism of the Party's early views of gay and lesbian rights and praised Hay's work add something


2005

The CPUSA endorsed LGBT rights in a 2005 statement add something


2006

CPUSA affirmed the resolution with a statement a year later in honor of gay pride month in June, 2006 add something


2008

"Global Warming Report to March 2008 NC" add something


2010

Communist Party of Brazil - This can be perceived in a letter sent to the Communist Party USA on the occasion of its 29th National Convention in 2010


2012

Allen West (politician) - At town hall meeting in Palm City, Florida on April 11, 2012, West was asked by a man in the audience, "What percentage of the American legislature do you think are card carrying Marxists or International Socialists-" West responded that he believed "there's about 78 to 81 members of the Democrat Party that are members of the Communist Party


2014

In June 2014, the Party will be holding its 30th National Convention in Chicago add something