Conservative Party (UK)

Knowledge Identifier: &Conservative_Party_(UK)

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Conservative Party (UK)

Major party in the UK.add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1834.

Countries: United Kingdom (62%), UK (9%), (5%)

Main connections: Member of parliament, Conservative Party of Canada, David Cameron

Linked to: European Parliament, Cornerstone Group, Labour Party, House of Commons of the United Kingdom

 

Timeline


 

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1834

It was later officially adopted under the aegis of Sir Robert Peel around 1834 add something

 

The Conservative Party was founded in 1834, and was one of two dominant parties in the 19th century, along with the Liberal Party add something


1835

This chart shows the electoral performance of the Conservative Party in general elections since 1835 add something


1845

John Deedes - As well as playing first-class cricket, William was a Conservative Party politician who was a Member of Parliament for East Kent from 1845–1857 and 1857–1862 following the resignation from the House of Commons of Sir Edward Dering who had defeated Deedes at the 1857 election


1854

Conservative Party of Canada - The Conservative Party is political heir to a series of right-of-centre parties that have existed in Canada, beginning with the Liberal-Conservative Party founded in 1854 by Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir George-Étienne Cartier


1865

William Allan Reid - "'William Allan Reid"' was a British Conservative Party politician, who served as one of the two Members of Parliament for Derby from the 1931 general election until the 1945 general election


1873

Conservative Party of Canada - The party later became known simply as the Conservative Party after 1873


1878

Frank Goldsmith - "'Francis Benedict Hyam Goldsmith"' was a British Conservative Party politician who served as a Member of Parliament from 1910 to 1918


1886

In 1886 the party formed an alliance with Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain's new Liberal Unionist Party and, under the statesmen Lord Salisbury and Arthur Balfour, held power for all but three of the following twenty years before suffering a heavy defeat in 1906 when it split over the issue of free trade add something


1901

William Steward (UK politician) - "'Sir William Arthur Steward"' was a British Conservative party politician, who served as Member of Parliament for Woolwich West from 1950 to 1959


1905

Harry Hylton-Foster - "'Sir Harry Braustyn Hylton-Foster"' PC , was a British Conservative Party politician who served as an Member of Parliament from 1950 until his death


1907

Roland Robinson, 1st Baron Martonmere - "'John Roland Robinson, 1st Baron Martonmere"', GBE KCMG PC , was a British Conservative Party politician who served as Governor of Bermuda from 1964 to 1972


1911

Liberal Unionist Party - This encouraged a movement to merge the two parties formally at the constituency and national organizational levels, a process speeded up by the election in 1911 of Andrew Bonar Law as the new Conservative Party leader


1912

In 1912, the Liberal Unionists finally merged with the Conservative party add something

 

It changed its name to the Conservative and Unionist Party in 1912 after merging with the Liberal Unionist Party, although that name is rarely used and it is generally referred to as simply the Conservative Party add something

 

Liberal Unionist Party - In May 1912 the formal merger of the Conservatives and Liberal Unionists was finally accomplished, to form the Conservative and Unionist Party, now usually called the Conservative Party


1914

Keohane finds that the Conservatives were bitterly divided before 1914, especially on the issue of Irish Unionism and the experience of three consecutive election losses add something


1920

In the 1920s, the Liberal vote greatly diminished and the Labour Party became the Conservatives' main rivals add something

 

It aggressively sought women voters in the 1920s, often relying on patriotic themes add something

 

Conservative Party of Canada - The Conservative Party's popular support waned during difficult economic times from the 1920s to 1940s, as it was seen by many in the west as an eastern establishment party which ignored the needs of the citizens of Western Canada

 

Michael Shaw, Baron Shaw of Northstead - "'Michael Norman Shaw, Baron Shaw of Northstead"' is a British Conservative Party politician who served as a Member of Parliament from 1960 to 1964 and from 1966 to 1992


1922

In 1922, Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin led the break-up of the coalition and the Conservatives governed until 1923, when a minority Labour government led by Ramsay MacDonald came to power add something

 

The Conservatives served with the Liberals in an all-party coalition government during World War I, and the coalition continued under Liberal PM David Lloyd George until 1922 add something

 

Charles Williamson Crook - In the 1922 General Election he was elected a Member of Parliament for East Ham North for the Conservative and Unionist Party

 

Paul Williams (politician) - "'Paul Glyn Williams"' was a British Conservative Party politician who served as Member of Parliament for Sunderland South from 1953 to 1964


1924

The Conservatives regained power in the 1924 and remained in power for the full five-year term add something


1929

They were defeated in 1929 as a minority Labour government took office add something


1931

In 1931, following the collapse of the Labour minority government, it entered another coalition, which was dominated by the Conservatives with some support from fractions of both the Liberals and Labour party add something

 

William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp - At the 1931 general election, when the Liberal Party split over participation in Ramsay MacDonald's National Government, he stood and was elected in the interest of the breakaway Liberal National grouping , which aligned itself with the National Government even after the official Liberals crossed the floor into opposition in 1932, and eventually merged with the Conservative Party


1937

Liberal Unionist Party - It remained a profound influence on Chamberlain's sons Austen and Neville Chamberlain, who, when he was elected leader of the Conservative Party and thus became Prime Minister in 1937, told an audience how proud he was of his Liberal Unionist roots


1938

Arthur Gore, 9th Earl of Arran - "'Arthur Colum Michael Connolly-Gore, 9th Earl of Arran"' , styled "'Viscount Sudley"' before 1983, is a British peer and an elected hereditary member of the House of Lords for the Conservative Party


1939

George Walden - "'George Gordon Harvey Walden"' CMG is a former British diplomat who became a Conservative Party Member of Parliament , served as Minister for Higher Education 1985-87, and is now a journalist


1940

In the late 1940s the Conservative Party exploited and incited growing public anger at food rationing, scarcity, controls, austerity, and omnipresent government bureaucracy add something

 

Clement Attlee - He was the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister, under Winston Churchill in the wartime coalition government, before leading the Labour Party to a landslide election victory over Churchill's Conservative Party in 1945

 

Alasdair Hutton - "'Alasdair Henry Hutton"' OBE, TD is a writer and narrator for public events and concerts, including the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo He was a Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party Member of the European Parliament for the South of Scotland Constituency between 1979 and 1989


1942

Conservative Party of Canada - Its former leader John Bracken became leader of the Conservative Party in 1942 subject to several conditions, one of which was that the party be renamed the Progressive Conservative Party

 

Nanette Milne - "'Nanette Milne"' is a Scottish Conservative Party politician who has been a Member of the Scottish Parliament for the North East Scotland Region since 2003


1944

The libertarian influence of Professor Friedrich Hayek's 1944 best-seller "Road to Serfdom" was apparent in the younger generation, but that took another quarter century to have a policy impact add something


1945

In 1945, the Conservatives first declared support for universal healthcare add something


1946

As Party Chairman 1946-55, he rebuilt the local organizations with an emphasis on membership, money, and a unified national propaganda appeal on critical issues add something


1947

John Arthur Watts - "'John Arthur Watts"' was a Conservative Party Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1983 and 1997


1950

Conservative prime ministers Churchill, Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home promoted relatively liberal trade regulations and less state involvement throughout the 1950s and early 1960s add something

 

Michael Argyle (lawyer) - Educated in law at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was well known for his right wing views; he was an active member of the Conservative Party in his younger life and fought Belper in the 1950 general election

 

Charles Hill, Baron Hill of Luton - He was successful in 1950, becoming MP for Luton as a Conservative and National Liberal


1951

By 1951, Labour had worn out its welcome in the middle classes; its factions were bitterly embroiled add something

 

The success of the conservative party in reorganizing itself was validated by its victory in the 1951 election add something

 

They used the dissatisfaction with the socialistic and equalitarian policies of the Labour Party to rally middle-class supporters and build a political comeback that won the 1951 general election add something

 

With a narrow win in the 1951 general election, Churchill was back add something


1952

Alan Amos - "'Alan Thomas Amos"' is a British Labour politician, and former Conservative Party Member of Parliament for Hexham in Northumberland between 1987 and 1992


1953

The Conservatives were conciliatory toward unions, but they did de-nationalize the steel and road haulage industries in 1953 add something


1955

The Party won in 1955 and 1959 by ever larger mandates add something


1959

They oversaw a period of economic prosperity, with Macmillan proclaiming during the 1959 General Election that Britain had 'never had it so good' add something


1960

Though the principal architect of the UK's entry into the European Communities was Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, and both Winston Churchill and Harold Macmillan favoured some form of European union, the bulk of contemporary Conservative opinion is opposed to closer economic and particularly political union with the EU. This is a noticeable shift in British politics, as in the 1960s and 1970s the Conservatives were more pro-Europe than the Labour Party add something

 

David Campbell Bannerman - "'David Campbell Bannerman"' MEP is a Member of the European Parliament for East of England for the Conservative Party, having sat for the United Kingdom Independence Party until 24 May 2011


1963

Macmillan's bid to join the European Economic Community in early 1963 was blocked by French President Charles de Gaulle, and the period saw the decline of the UK as a prominent world leader, with the loss of practically the entire empire and a laggard economy add something


1965

Following controversy over the selections of Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home via a process of consultation known as the 'Magic Circle', a formal election process was created and the first leadership election was held in 1965 add something


1968

In 1968, Ted Heath issued his 'Perth declaration', in support of a Scottish assembly, in the wake of growing nationalism add something

 

Andrew R. T. Davies - "'Andrew Robert Tudor Davies"' is a British farmer and politician, who has been a Conservative Party member of the National Assembly for Wales since May 2007


1969

Jacob Rees-Mogg - "'Jacob William Rees-Mogg"' is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament for North East Somerset since the 2010 general election


1970

Apart from rationing, which was ended, most of the welfare state enacted by Labour were accepted by the Conservatives and became part of the "post war consensus", which lasted until the 1970s add something

 

One-nation conservatism was the party's dominant ideology in the 20th century until the rise of Thatcherism in the 1970s, and included in its ranks Conservative Prime Ministers such as Stanley Baldwin, Harold Macmillan and Edward Heath add something

 

Heath had come to power in June 1970 and had until mid-1975 to call the next general election, but chose to do so in February 1974 in a bid to win public support as tensions ran high over the miners strike add something


1973

In Northern Ireland, the Conservatives suspended the parliament in 1973 in the wake of the growing Troubles, and made unsuccessful attempts to re-establish it in the same year, and in 1982 add something


1974

David Knox (UK politician) - Knox was appointed one of three vice-chairmen of the Conservative Party under the chairmen Willie Whitelaw in 1974

 

Heath's hopes of returning to power later in the year were ended when Labour won the October 1974 election with a majority of three seats add something


1975

Margaret Thatcher won her party's leadership election in 1975 and led them to subsequent victory in the 1979 general election add something

 

The second main grouping in the Conservative party is the "free-market wing" of economic liberals who achieved dominance after the election of Margaret Thatcher as party leader in 1975 add something


1977

Charles Strachey, 4th Baron O'Hagan - He joined the Conservative party and became a whip and a frontbench spokesman for the Conservatives in the House of Lords between 1977 and 1979


1979

While unemployment had doubled between 1979 and 1982, this was largely due to Mrs Thatcher's committed battle against the inflation which had ravaged the British economy throughout the 1970s add something


1980

However, the period of unpopularity of the Conservatives in the early 1980s coincided with a crisis in the Labour Party which now formed the opposition add something

 

Bradford South (UK Parliament constituency) - A Conservative Party candidate came very close to gaining the seat in the 1980s

 

Social Democratic Party (UK) - The SDP favoured some Thatcherite reforms during the 1980s, such as legislation aimed at reforming the trade unions , but took a more welfarist position than the Conservative Party, being more sceptical of Conservative welfare reforms


1981

The Social Democratic Party was formed in 1981 and consisted of more than 20 breakaway Labour MPs, who quickly formed the SDP-Liberal Alliance with the Liberal Party add something


1982

By the turn of 1982, the SDP-Liberal Alliance was ahead of the Conservatives in the opinion polls, but the Falklands triumph in June that year, along with the recovering British economy, saw the Conservatives returning quickly to the top of the opinion polls and winning the 1983 General Election with a landslide majority, due to a split opposition vote add something


1983

Thatcher led the Conservatives to two further election victories with landslide majorities in 1983 and 1987 add something

 

Thatcher now faced, arguably, her most serious rival yet after the 1983 election, when Michael Foot resigned as Labour leader and was succeeded by Neil Kinnock add something

 

Timothy Wood - He was the Conservative Party Member of Parliament for Stevenage, which he won at the 1983 general election


1987

Alfred Roberts - Crick had to put the allegations into the public domain before both the 1987 and 1997 elections in order to harm the Conservative Party's chances, but had been rebuffed by various publications

 

By the time of the election in June 1987, however, the economy was stronger, with lower inflation and falling unemployment and Thatcher secured her third successive election victory with a second, though smaller, landslide majority add something


1988

Many take inspiration from Thatcher's Bruges speech in 1988, in which she declared that "we have not successfully rolled back the frontiers of the state in Britain only to see them reimposed at a European level" add something


1989

The introduction of the Community Charge in 1989 is often cited as contributing to her political downfall add something

 

The summer of 1989 saw her fall behind Neil Kinnock's Labour in the opinion polls for the first time since 1986, and her party's fall in popularity continued into 1990 add something


1990

An election had to be held within the next 18 months and the UK economy was sliding into recession, but 1991 was a year of electoral uncertainty as the Conservatives and Labour regularly swapped places at the top of the opinion polls, and Major resisted Neil Kinnock's numerous calls for an immediate election add something

 

Combined with the recession of the early 1990s 'Black Wednesday' allowed Tony Blair and then-Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown to promise greater economic competence add something

 

For example, John Major was the ostensibly "Thatcherite" candidate during the 1990 leadership election, but he consistently promoted One-Nation Conservatives to the higher reaches of his cabinet during his time as Prime Minister add something

 

In recent years, 'modernisers' in the party have claimed that the association between social conservatism and the Conservatives have played a role in the electoral decline of the party in the 1990s and early 2000s add something

 

Paul Judge - In the 1990s he was Chairman of Food from Britain, Director General of the Conservative Party and a Ministerial Advisor to the Cabinet Office and in the 2000s was Chairman of the Royal Society of Arts and of Teachers TV, President of the Chartered Management Institute, Deputy Chairman of the American Management Association, a Director of Standard Bank Group of South Africa, which is Africa's largest bank and is quoted on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, and Master of the Worshipful Company of Marketors

 

Shreela Flather, Baroness Flather - She became a life peer for the Conservative party in 11 June 1990 as "'Baroness Flather"', of Windsor and Maidenhead in the Royal County of Berkshire

 

John Major won the party leadership contest on 27 November 1990, and his appointment led to an almost automatic boost in Conservative fortunes add something

 

Internal party tensions led to a leadership challenge by the Conservative MP Michael Heseltine; and, after months of speculation about her future as prime minister, she finally resigned on 28 November 1990, making way for a new Conservative leader more likely to win the next general election in the interests of party unity add something


1992

Maastricht Treaty - Anticipating the growing Euroscepticism within his party, John Major negotiated a British opt-out from the single currency in the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, although several members of Major's cabinet, such as Kenneth Clarke, were personally supportive of EMU participation add something

 

The party's reputation for economic stewardship was dealt a blow by Black Wednesday in 1992, in which billions of pounds were spent in an effort to keep the pound within the European Exchange Rate Mechanism system at an overvalued rate add something

 

John Schlesinger - Schlesinger directed a notable party political broadcast for the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom general election of 1992 which featured Prime Minister John Major returning to Brixton in south London , where he had spent his teenage years, which highlighted his humble background, atypical for a Conservative politician.

 

The election was finally held on 9 April 1992 and the Conservatives won, even though the economy was still in recession and most of the pollsters had predicted either a Labour win or a hung parliament add something

 

The pound sterling was forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism on 16 September 1992, a day thereafter referred to as "Black Wednesday" add something


1993

Conservative Party of Canada - In 1993, support for the Progressive Conservative Party collapsed, and the party's representation in the House of Commons dropped from an absolute majority of seats to only two seats


1995

Major had to survive a leadership challenge in 1995 by the Secretary of State for Wales, the aforementioned John Redwood add something


1997

An effective opposition campaign by the Labour Party culminated in a landslide defeat for the Conservatives in 1997 that was Labour's largest ever parliamentary victory add something

 

But as the 1997 general election loomed, despite their high profile New Labour, New Danger campaign, it was still looking certain that Labour would win add something

 

Following Major's resignation after the 1997 defeat, each of the four subsequent Conservative leaders, including David Cameron, have positioned the party firmly against the adoption of the euro add something

 

However, the cause went unanswered during his turbulent premiership, and under Margaret Thatcher and John Major's leadership, the Conservatives vehemently opposed devolution, and campaigned against it in the 1997 devolution referendum add something

 

In Wales, the Conservatives campaigned against devolution in the 1997 referendum, however likewise as with Scotland, they have vowed to maintain the Welsh Assembly's continued existence, and in 2011 supported the further devolution of power add something

 

Since 1997, a debate has continued within the party between 'modernisers' such as Alan Duncan, who believe that the Conservatives should modify their public stances on social issues, and 'traditionalists' such as Liam Fox and Owen Paterson, who believe that the party should remain faithful to its traditional conservative platform add something

 

The 1997 election left the Conservative Party with MPs in just England, all remaining seats in Scotland and Wales having been lost and not a single seat having been gained anywhere add something

 

Emmanuel Kaye - Once a strong supporter of the Conservative party, he was persuaded by Lord Levy to contribute substantially to Tony Blair's Labour Leader's Office Fund before the 1997 General Election


1998

The Labour Government last conducted a review in 1998 add something

 

They supported the Belfast Agreement negotiated by the Blair government in 1998, and in 2009, negotiated an electoral pact with the declining Ulster Unionist Party, whom it had previously been allied to before 1973 add something


1999

Following the Scottish Parliament's establishment in 1999, they have vowed to support its continued existence, and along with Labour and the Liberal Democrats, they supported the Scotland Bill , granting further devolution of power add something

 

Until 1999, Conservatives opposed the creation of the National Minimum Wage, citing that they believed it would cost jobs, and businesses would be reticent to start business in the UK from fear of high labour costs add something

 

Robert Baddeley (British Army officer) - For twelve years he was a Conservative party politician and was Chairman of Wiltshire County Council for the year 1999-2000, after which he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for Wiltshire


2000

The issue of the creation of a single currency inflamed tensions, and these would continue to dog the party until the early 2000s add something


2001

Shortly before the 2001 election, Hague was much maligned for a speech in which he predicted that a re-elected Labour government would turn the UK into a "foreign land" add something

 

The 2001 election resulted in a net gain of just one seat for the Conservative Party, just months after the fuel protests of September 2000 had seen the Conservatives briefly take a narrow lead over Labour in the opinion polls add something

 

This may have resulted in William Hague's and Michael Howard's pre-election swings to the right in 2001 and 2005, as well as the election of the stop-Kenneth Clarke candidate Iain Duncan Smith in 2001 add something

 

Until 2001 the party were almost completely against an elected House of Lords add something

 

Stuart Wheeler - Although a successful businessman, Wheeler was not a well-known figure nationally until he donated £5m to the Conservative Party during the 2001 election campaign

 

Isle of Wight - Andrew Turner of the Conservative Party gained the seat from Peter Brand of the Lib Dems at the 2001 general election

 

Isle of Wight - Andrew Turner of the Conservative Party gained the seat from Peter Brand of the Lib Dems at the 2001 general election

 

Co-Operative Party - In 2001, only one candidate was defeated: Faye Tinnion, who had stood against the Leader of the Conservative Party, William Hague

 

Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the Conservative party has supported the coalition military action in Afghanistan add something


2003

Michael Howard stood for the leadership unopposed on 6 November 2003 add something

 

Conservative Party of Canada - In 2003, the Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative parties agreed to merge into the present-day Conservative Party, with the Alliance faction conceding its populist ideals and some social conservative elements

 

Conservative Party of Canada - The modern Conservative Party of Canada is legal heir to the heritage of the historical conservative parties by virtue of assuming the assets and liabilities of the former Progressive Conservative Party upon the merger of 2003

 

Civic Conservative Party - In July 2003, it was one of four parties across Europe endorsing the soft eurosceptic Prague Appeal, along with the British Conservative Party, Law and Justice of Poland, and the Czech Civic Democrats

 

Conservative Party of Canada - On 15 October 2003, after closed-door meetings were held by the Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative Party, Stephen Harper and Peter MacKay announced the "'Conservative Party Agreement-in-Principle", thereby merging their parties to create the new Conservative Party of Canada


2004

In 2004, according to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission, the party had an income of about £20 million and expenditures of about £26 million add something

 

The party opposed Labour's attempts to devolve power to the northern regions of England in 2004 add something

 

Leonard Steinberg, Baron Steinberg - Steinberg, who lived in Hale, Greater Manchester, was made a Tory life peer in 2004 with the title "'Baron Steinberg"', of Belfast in the County of Antrim, and had made contributions to the Conservative Party


2005

They have pledged to reform the procurement process, compile a Green Paper on Sovereignty Capability, and publish another Defence Industrial Strategy following on from the Defence Industrial Strategy in 2005 add something

 

James Gaddas - Gaddas is a member of the Conservative Party and was selected as a candidate for Stockton South in the 2005 UK general election, but lost

 

Conservative Party of Canada - On 17 May 2005, MP Belinda Stronach unexpectedly crossed the floor from the Conservative Party to join the Liberal Party

 

Membership declined through the 20th century, and, despite an initial boost shortly after David Cameron's election as leader in December 2005, later resumed its decline in 2006 to a lower level than when he was elected add something


2006

For most of 2006 and the first half of 2007, polls showed leads over Labour for the Conservatives add something

 

In the summer of 2006, the Conservatives became founding members of the Movement for European Reform, following Cameron's pledge to end the fourteen-year-old partnership between the largely Eurosceptic Conservatives and the more Euro-integrationist European People's Party add something

 

Ed Miliband - The same organisation's polling did find that Miliband's personal ratings in his first full year of leadership were better than David Cameron's during his first full year as Conservative Leader in 2006 however

 

Conservative Party of Canada - However, this gambit was not entirely successful: in March 2006, Nancy Ruth joined the new Conservative Party and switched caucuses

 

Scottish Conservative Party - In August 2006, the leader of the UK Conservative Party, David Cameron, said that the party should recognise "that the policies of Conservatives in Scotland and Wales will not always be the same as our policies in England" and that the "West Lothian question must be answered from a Unionist perspective"


2007

Polls became more volatile in the summer of 2007 with the accession of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister although polls gave the Conservatives a lead after October of that year and, by May 2008, with the UK's economy sliding into its first recession since 1992, and a week after local council elections, a YouGov poll commissioned by "The Sun" newspaper was published giving the Conservative Party a 26-point lead over Labour, its largest lead since 1968 add something

 

Jimmy Cliff - It was adopted by the British Conservative Party during their annual conference in October 2007.


2008

David Cameron had sought to distance himself from former US President Bush and his neoconservative foreign policy, calling for a "rebalancing" of US-UK ties and met with Barack Obama during his 2008 European tour add something

 

Despite traditional links between the UK Conservatives and US Republicans, and between Labour and the Democrats, London Mayor Boris Johnson, a Conservative, endorsed Obama in the 2008 election add something

 

However, Republican 2008 presidential candidate John McCain spoke at the 2006 Conservative Party Conference add something

 

Shadow Home Secretary Dominic Grieve said in 2008 that multiculturalism had created a "terrible" legacy, a cultural vacuum that has been exploited by "extremists" add something

 

J. K. Rowling - I believe that poor and vulnerable families will fare much better under the Labour Party than they would under a Cameron-led Conservative Party.

 

United Kingdom Independence Party - Whilst UKIP has not won a seat in the House of Commons, the party has had representation when Dr Bob Spink, MP for Castle Point, resigned from the Conservative Party and joined UKIP on 21 April 2008

 

The Conservatives gained control of the London mayoralty for the first time in May 2008 after Boris Johnson defeated Labour incumbent Ken Livingstone add something

 

Ulster Unionist Party - In July 2008, the UUP and Conservative Party announced that a joint working group had been established to examine closer ties

 

Conservative Party of Canada - After the Conservative Party released their economic statement on 27 November 2008, there was much criticism from Liberal Party, the NDP, and the Bloc Québécois


2009

In 2009 the Conservative Party actively campaigned against the Lisbon Treaty, which it believes would give away too much sovereignty to Brussels add something

 

In 2009, the Conservatives won 26 seats in the European Parliament, which increased to 27 in 2011 due to defection by a UK Independence Party MEP, reducing back down to 26 when a Conservative moved to UKIP. add something

 

In 2009, then-Foreign Secretary David Miliband accused the Conservative Party of having links to far-right parties add something

 

United Kingdom Independence Party - Lisbon treaty - On 28 March 2009, the Conservative Party's biggest-ever donor, Stuart Wheeler, donated £100,000 to UKIP after criticising David Cameron's stance towards the Lisbon treaty and the European Union

 

As of June 2009, Cameron required a further four partners apart from the Polish and Czech supports to qualify for official fraction status in the parliament; the rules state that a caucus needs at least 25 MEPs from at least seven of the 27 EU member states add something

 

In June 2009, the Conservative Party leader David Cameron sealed a new alliance with the national-conservative Law and Justice of Poland add something

 

However, on 14 June 2009 shadow Business Secretary Kenneth Clarke said in an interview to the BBC that the Conservative party would not reopen negotiations on the Lisbon Treaty if the Irish backed it in a new referendum, which they did on 2 October 2009 add something

 

In October 2009, the Conservative Party came under pressure from the US administration concerning its alliances in the European Parliament add something

 

Conservative Party of Canada - In a phone call to the Governor General on 30 December 2009, the Conservative Party under Stephen Harper requested the prorogation of parliament for the second time in slightly over a year, to last until March 2010


2010

As well as an SDSR, the Conservative Party pledged in 2010 to undertake a fundamental and far reaching review of the procurement process and how defence equipment is provided in Britain add something

 

In 2010, the Conservative Party had about 177,000 members according to activist Tim Montgomerie add something

 

In 2010, the Conservatives campaigned with the conviction to cut the perceived bureaucracy of the modern police force and pledged greater legal protection to people convicted of defending themselves against intruders add something

 

In his effort to modernise the Conservative Party, David Cameron brought several 'green' issues to the forefront of his 2010 campaign add something

 

One of the Conservatives' key policy areas of 2010, was to reduce the number of people in the UK claiming state benefits, and increase the number of people in the workforce add something

 

Policies introduced in 2010 include those to double the operational bonus for troops serving in Afghanistan; to fund higher education for children of those service personnel killed in action; and to properly resource and staff the NHS to deal optimally with the particular needs of the Armed Forces add something

 

Since entering office in 2010, they have introduced the Health and Social Care Act, constituting the biggest reformation that the NHS has ever undertaken add something

 

The 2010 manifesto said the Conservatives will maintain Britain's continuous at sea, independent, submarine based strategic nuclear deterrent based on the Trident missile system add something

 

The party was returned to government in coalition, having failed to win a majority, in 2010 under the more "liberal" leadership of David Cameron add something

 

They believe that & NATO, which has been the cornerstone of British security for the past 60 years, should continue to have primacy on all issues relating to Europe's defence, and pledged in 2010 to make NATO reform a key strategic priority add something

 

Liberal Party (UK) - In the 2010 General Election, the Conservative Party won more seats than any other, but not enough to form a majority government

 

Murdo MacLeod - MacLeod endorsed the Conservative Party in the 2010 General Election, campaigning for their candidate in the Argyll & Bute constituency

 

The Conservative lead in the opinion polls had been almost unbroken for nearly three years when Britain finally went to the polls on 6 May 2010, though since the turn of 2010 most polls had shown the Conservative lead as less than 10 points wide add something


2011

Ed Miliband - In 2011, Miliband spoke positively about some of former Prime Minister and Conservative Leader Margaret Thatcher's policies, saying, "


2012

Michael Spencer - On 26 March 2012, Spencer was named as a donor to the Conservative Party who has had a private dinner with the Prime Minister David Cameron

 

Ed Miliband - In September 2012 Miliband was reported to have praised former Conservative Leader Margaret Thatcher for creating an era of aspiration in the 1980s, and is quoted as having said "My dad was sceptical of all the Thatcher aspirational stuff


2013

United Kingdom Independence Party - In February 2013 Marta Andreasen defected from UKIP to the Conservative Party

 

Margaret Thatcher died of a stroke on 8 April 2013 add something

 

In November 2013 it became known that the Conservative Party had removed records of speeches and press releases from 2000 until May 2010, covering statements and policy of leaders before Cameron, from its Internet Web site add something


2014

In May 2014 the Conservatives were soundly defeated in the European parliamentary elections coming in third behind the UK Independence Party and Labour add something


2015

If a majority Conservative government is elected for the 2015-2020 parliamentary term, they have pledged an in-out referendum on membership of the European Union after renegotiation add something

 

At the time of the May 2015 election, was the largest party in local government with 8,296 councillors add something


2016

The Conservative Party pledged an in-out referendum on membership of the European Union after a renegotiation, the referendum will occur on the 23rd of June 2016 add something

 

The Conservative Party pledged an in-out referendum on membership of the European Union after a renegotiation, and it occurred on 23 June 2016, resulting in the Brexit add something

 

On 11 July 2016, Theresa May became the leader of the Conservative Party with immediate effect following the withdrawal from the leadership election of her sole remaining opponent, Andrea Leadsom add something

 

She was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 13 July 2016 add something


2017

Isle of Wight - He stood down prior to the 2017 snap general election, and the new Conservative Party candidate Bob Seely was elected with a majority of 21,069 votes

 

Isle of Wight - He stood down prior to the 2017 snap general election, and the new Conservative Party candidate Bob Seely was elected with a majority of 21,069 votes

 

Prime Minister Theresa May has confirmed that Article 50 - the treaty that officially begins Britain's withdrawal from the EU - will be triggered no later than March 2017 add something

 

Prime Minister Theresa May signed the notice under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty which officially begins Britain's withdrawal from the EU, on 28 March 2017, and at 12:20 on 29 March 2017, the U.K ambassador Tim Barrow delivered the notice to E.U president Donald Tusk, officially triggering the two-year process of leaving the European Union add something

 

In April 2017, the Cabinet agreed to hold a general election on Thursday 8 June add something

 

United Kingdom Independence Party - On 6 April 2017, another former MP, Mark Reckless, left UKIP to sit with the Conservative group in the Welsh Assembly, although he did not rejoin the Conservative Party

 

Theresa May, incumbent Conservative prime minister, announced her intention on 9 June 2017 to form a new minority government with support from the DUP. add something

 

The number of Conservative Party seats in the House of Commons was reduced to 316 in July 2017 when Anne Marie Morris had the Conservative whip suspended following the emergence of a recording of her using the racist idiom "nigger in the woodpile" add something

 

Democratic Unionist Party - In October 2017, DUP held a similar reception at the Conservative Party conference, which was attended by leading Conservative figures including First Secretary of State Damian Green, Brexit Secretary David Davis, then-Chief Whip Gavin Williamson, and party chairman Patrick McLoughlin


2018

On 8 January, 2018, Theresa May announced her first major cabinet reshuffle, keeping in place most ministers, but promoting others add something

 

On 8 January 2018, Theresa May announced her first major cabinet reshuffle, keeping in place most ministers, but promoting others add something

 

On 16 March 2018, at the Conservative Spring Forum, a new organisation called Young Conservatives was launched for Conservative Party members aged under 25 add something

 

In May 2018 the Conservative Party was accused of failing to take action on Islamophobia in the party add something

 

Duwayne Brooks - Brooks joined the Conservative Party in May 2018

 

In July 2018, the Muslim Council of Britain repeated its call for an independent inquiry into Islamophobia and accused the Conservatives of turning blind eye to Islamophobia claims add something

 

In August 2018 there was further controversy over Islamophobia in the Conservative Party as a result of former Conservative Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson saying Muslim women wearing burkas "look like letter boxes" and like "a bank robber" add something


2019

In February 2019, three Conservative MPs - Heidi Allen, Joan Ryan, and Anna Soubry - defected from the party to join The Independent Group, a pro-EU political association of MPs founded by seven former members of the Labour party add something

 

May announced her resignation from the leadship of the Conservative party on 24 May 2019, intending to leave the role on the 7 June add something