Knowledge Identifier: $Cuba
Category: Environment (330)
Launched in -5000.
Countries: United States (37%), Cuba (20%), (10%)
Linked to: Communist Party of Cuba, University of Miami, Duke University Press, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba
Christopher Columbus - He left Hispaniola on 24 April 1494, arrived at Cuba on 30 April.
In 1511, the first Spanish settlement was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar at Baracoa
Other towns soon followed, including San Cristobal de la Habana, founded in 1515, which later became the capital
The University of Havana was founded in 1728 and there are a number of other well-established colleges and universities
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle - The growing tension between Britain and Spain came to a head in 1731 during an incident known as Jenkin's Ear, when a British merchant captain was captured for illegal trading off the coast of Cuba by a Spanish privateer, and in punishment for his alleged breach of the strict laws forbidding foreign commerce with Spanish colonies, he had an ear cut off
Seven Years' War - The Seven Years' War, which erupted in 1754 across three continents, eventually arrived in the Spanish Caribbean
Spain's alliance with the French pitched them into direct conflict with the British, and in 1762 a British expedition of five warships and 4,000 troops set out from Portsmouth to capture Cuba
Cornelius Stribling - In 1823, he was given command of two barges along the coast of Cuba and with them captured buccaneer schooner "Pilot" after a running fight
In the antebellum years, after Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion of 1831, Virginia discouraged manumissions and strengthened restrictions against free blacks, as did other Southern states
Felipe Poey - Poey returned to Cuba in 1833 where he founded the Museum of Natural History in 1839
Ten Years' War - The 1868 rebellion resulted in a prolonged conflict known as the Ten Years' War
In 1878, the Pact of Zanjón ended the conflict, with Spain promising greater autonomy to Cuba
Sarah Bernhardt - She even traveled to Cuba and performed in the Sauto Theater, in Matanzas, in 1887
Winston Churchill - In 1895, Churchill travelled to Cuba to observe the Spanish fight the Cuban guerrillas; he had obtained a commission to write about the conflict from the Daily Graphic.
Ramon Emeterio Betances - In April 1896 Betances was granted diplomatic credentials on behalf of the revolutionary government of Cuba
Adelbert Ames - In 1898, he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in the Spanish-American War and fought in Cuba
Samuel Baldwin Marks Young - Spanish-American War - On the commencement of hostilities with Spain he was promoted Brigadier General of Volunteers in May 1898, and in July was made Major General of Volunteers while he commanded a division in Cuba during the Santiago Campaign of the Spanish-American War
Joseph Wheeler - At the start of the War Joe Jr. was made an aide on his father's staff and sailed for Cuba on June 1898
Cuba gained formal independence from the U.S. on 20 May 1902, as the Republic of Cuba
Following disputed elections in 1906, the first president, Tomás Estrada Palma, faced an armed revolt by independence war veterans who defeated the meager government forces
Ben Hebard Fuller - From March to June 1911, he commanded the 3rd Regiment of Marines at Camp Meyer, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
John A. Lejeune - Lieutenant Colonel Lejeune embarked on board on 26 May 1912 with the Second Regiment, First Provisional Brigade Marines for Cuba
Julian C. Smith - In the early part of 1919, he sailed for Cuba in command of a machine gun battalion
In 1924, Gerardo Machado was elected president
Charles Lindbergh - Those cities were the last three stops that he and the "Spirit" made during their "Good Will Tour" of Latin America and the Caribbean between December 13, 1927 and February 8, 1928, during which he flew to Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cuba, spending 125 hours in the air
Charles Lindbergh - Basil L. Rowe, the owner and chief pilot of West Indian Aerial Express and a fellow Air Mail pioneer and advocate, in February 1928, Lindbergh carried a small amount of special souvenir mail between Santo Domingo , R.D., Port-au-Prince , Haiti, and Havana , Cuba in the "Spirit of St. Louis"
The Wall Street Crash of 1929 led to a collapse in the price of sugar, political unrest, and repression
Alexander Alekhine - In October 1940, he sought permission to enter Cuba, promising to play a match with Capablanca
Michael Strank - Transferred to Provisional Company W at Parris Island on January 17, 1941, Strank, now a Private First Class, sailed for Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, arriving on the 23rd
After finishing his term in 1944 Batista lived in Florida, returning to Cuba to run for president in 1952
Batista outlawed the Cuban Communist Party in 1952
In 1956, Fidel Castro and about 80 supporters landed from the yacht "Granma" in an attempt to start a rebellion against the Batista government
By late 1958 the rebels had broken out of the Sierra Maestra and launched a general popular insurrection
Ernest Hemingway - He was in Cuba in November 1959, between returning from Pamplona and traveling west to Idaho, and the following year for his birthday; however, that year he and Mary decided to leave after hearing the news that Castro wanted to nationalize property owned by Americans and other foreign nationals.
Hugo Claus - A sympathizer of the political left at a more mature period in his life, Claus lauded the socialist model after a visit to Cuba in the 1960s
Suze Rotolo - Rotolo traveled to Cuba in June 1964, with a group, at a time when it was unlawful for Americans to do so
Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba
Alberto Granado - Before Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to pursue revolutions abroad, he left several books with inscriptions for close friends
Tareke refers here to the training given to 10 members of the Eritrean Liberation Front in 1968 during the Eritrean struggle for independence
Dilma Rousseff - According to Apolo Heringer, who was the leader of Colina in 1968 and taught Marxism to Rousseff in high school, she chose the armed struggle after reading Revolution inside the Revolution by Regis Debray, a French intellectual who had moved to Cuba and became a friend of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.
Pierre Trudeau - Five of the FLQ terrorists were flown to Cuba in 1970 as part of a deal in exchange for James Cross' life, but all members were eventually arrested
Assata Shakur - She escaped from prison in 1979 and has been living in Cuba in political asylum since 1984
Manuel Pineiro - Wolf, whose real identity would only be known to the Western intelligence services in 1979, had gone to Cuba to advise the Communist regime on how to set up the new General Intelligence Directorate on the island
Robert Novak - In 1980, Letelier's widow, Isabel, wrote in "The New York Times" that the money sent to her late husband from Cuba was from western sources, and that Cuba had simply acted as an intermediary
Alberto Juantorena - After retirement from athletics in 1984, Juantorena has served in many official capacities, including as the Vice President of the National Institute for Sports, Physical Education and Recreation for Cuba, Vice Minister for Sport of Cuba, and Vice-President, later Senior Vice-President of the Cuban Olympic Committee
Thomas Kean - Supporters of Kean in the Bush administration and elsewhere, however, countered that Kean's work since 1990 as a board member of the National Endowment for Democracy, the post-Castro Cuba Commission and his foreign policy and national security commentary and analysis following his Governorship established adequate national security and foreign policy credentials for him to assume such a critically important assignment
Alberto Granado - In 1997, he joined the campaign for solidarity with Cuba and promotion of Guevara's ideas at home and abroad
Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI visited Cuba in 1998 and 2011, respectively, and Pope Francis visited Cuba in September 2015
Assata Shakur - During the pope's visit to Cuba in 1998, Shakur agreed to an interview with NBC journalist Ralph Penza
In 2003, the European Union accused the Cuban government of "continuing flagrant violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms"
Zell Miller - Miller also, in October 2003, voted with most of his party to prohibit the enforcement of the ban on travel to Cuba
Oil exploration in 2005 by the US Geological Survey revealed that the North Cuba Basin could produce about to of oil
Dervla Murphy - In 2005, she visited Cuba with her daughter and three granddaughters, and made two returning trips in 2006 and 2007
Omara Portuondo - In 2007 she is performing the title role to sold out audiences in Lizt Alfonso's dance musical "Vida", the story of modern Cuba through the eyes and with the memories of an old woman
Philip Agee - His wife said on January 9, 2008 that he had died in Cuba on January 7 and had been cremated
Sean Penn - In October 2008, Penn traveled to Cuba, where he met with and interviewed President Raúl Castro.
At the end of 2012, tens of thousands of Cuban medical personnel worked abroad, with as many as 30,000 doctors in Venezuela alone via the two countries' oil-for-doctors programme
In 2015, Cuba became the first country to eradicate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, a milestone hailed by the World Health Organization as "one of the greatest public health achievements possible"
Assata Shakur - In June 2017, President Donald Trump gave a speech cancelling the Obama administration's Cuba policy