Cuba

Knowledge Identifier: $Cuba

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Cuba

Category:Island countriesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (37%), Cuba (20%), (10%)

Main connections: Fidel Castro, History of Cubana de Aviacion, Bay of Pigs Invasion

Linked to: Communist Party of Cuba, University of Miami, Duke University Press, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Cuba.


1000

Indeed, this drop in fertility is among the largest in the Western Hemisphere and is attributed largely to unrestricted access to legal abortion: Cuba's abortion rate was 58,6 per 1000 pregnancies in 1996, compared to an average of 35 in the Caribbean, 27 in Latin America overall, and 48 in Europe add something


1494

Christopher Columbus - He left Hispaniola on 24 April 1494, arrived at Cuba on 30 April.


1511

In 1511, the first Spanish settlement was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar at Baracoa add something


1515

Other towns soon followed, including San Cristobal de la Habana, founded in 1515, which later became the capital add something


1529

In 1529, a measles outbreak in Cuba killed two-thirds of those few natives who had previously survived smallpox add something


1539

On 18 May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto departed from Havana at the head of some 600 followers into a vast expedition through the Southeastern United States, starting at La Florida, in search of gold, treasure, fame and power add something


1567

Pedro Menendez de Aviles - He returned to Spain in 1567 and was appointed governor of Cuba


1728

The University of Havana was founded in 1728 and there are a number of other well-established colleges and universities add something


1731

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle - The growing tension between Britain and Spain came to a head in 1731 during an incident known as Jenkin's Ear, when a British merchant captain was captured for illegal trading off the coast of Cuba by a Spanish privateer, and in punishment for his alleged breach of the strict laws forbidding foreign commerce with Spanish colonies, he had an ear cut off


1754

Seven Years' War - The Seven Years' War, which erupted in 1754 across three continents, eventually arrived in the Spanish Caribbean add something


1762

Spain's alliance with the French pitched them into direct conflict with the British, and in 1762 a British expedition of five warships and 4,000 troops set out from Portsmouth to capture Cuba add something


1790

They were afraid because of the prospect that slaves might revolt in Cuba, too, and numerous prohibitions during the 1790s on the sale of slaves in Cuba that had previously been slaves in French colonies underscored this anxiety add something

 

" Estimates suggest that between 1790 and 1820 some 325,000 Africans were imported to Cuba as slaves, which was four times the amount that had arrived between 1760 and 1790 add something


1795

Christopher Columbus - In 1795, when France took over the entire island of Hispaniola, Columbus's remains were moved to Havana, Cuba


1804

Alexander von Humboldt - After traveling to the United States, Humboldt returned to Cuba for a second, shorter stay in April 1804.


1812

In 1812 the Aponte Slave Rebellion took place but it was suppressed add something


1817

The population of Cuba in 1817 was 630,980, of which 291,021 were white, 115,691 free people of color , and 224,268 black slaves add something


1820

In the 1820s, when the rest of Spain's empire in Latin America rebelled and formed independent states, Cuba remained loyal add something


1823

Felipe Poey - He became a lawyer in Spain but was forced to leave due to his liberal ideas, returning to Cuba in 1823

 

Cornelius Stribling - In 1823, he was given command of two barges along the coast of Cuba and with them captured buccaneer schooner "Pilot" after a running fight


1831

In the antebellum years, after Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion of 1831, Virginia discouraged manumissions and strengthened restrictions against free blacks, as did other Southern states add something


1833

Felipe Poey - Poey returned to Cuba in 1833 where he founded the Museum of Natural History in 1839


1835

Antonio Meucci - In October 1835, Meucci and his wife emigrated to Cuba, a Spanish province, where Meucci accepted a job at what was called the Great Tacón Theater in Havana


1848

Zachary Taylor - Taylor's administration attempted to stop a filibustering expedition against Cuba, argued with France and Portugal over reparation disputes owed to the US, and supported German liberals during the revolutions of 1848.

 

James K. Polk - In mid-1848, President Polk authorized his ambassador to Spain, Romulus Mitchell Saunders, to negotiate the purchase of Cuba and offer Spain up to $100 million, an astounding sum at the time for one territory, equal to $2.53 billion in present day terms.


1859

John Bell (Tennessee politician) - In his last session in the Senate in 1859, Bell voted against an attempt to purchase Cuba from Spain, opposed the Homestead bill, and voted in favor of subsidies for the Pacific Railroad


1860

Ramon Emeterio Betances - Political events in Puerto Rico and Cuba between the late 1860s and 1898 forced a liberalization of Spanish policy towards both territories, and Betances was directly involved as a protagonist in both circumstances


1868

Ten Years' War - The 1868 rebellion resulted in a prolonged conflict known as the Ten Years' War add something

 

Full independence from Spain was the goal of a rebellion in 1868 led by planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes add something

 

On 27 December 1868, he issued a decree condemning slavery in theory but accepting it in practice and declaring free any slaves whose masters present them for military service add something


1870

Hamilton Fish - During the 1870s Cuba was in a state of rebellion against Spain


1875

Slavery in Cuba was abolished in 1875 but the process was completed only in 1886 add something


1878

In 1878, the Pact of Zanjón ended the conflict, with Spain promising greater autonomy to Cuba add something


1887

Sarah Bernhardt - She even traveled to Cuba and performed in the Sauto Theater, in Matanzas, in 1887


1892

An exiled dissident named José Martí founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party in New York in 1892 add something


1895

Winston Churchill - In 1895, Churchill travelled to Cuba to observe the Spanish fight the Cuban guerrillas; he had obtained a commission to write about the conflict from the Daily Graphic.

 

In January 1895 Martí traveled to Montecristi and Santo Domingo to join the efforts of Máximo Gómez add something

 

Fighting against the Spanish army began in Cuba on 24 February 1895, but Martí was unable to reach Cuba until 11 April 1895 add something

 

Martí was killed in the battle of Dos Rios on 19 May 1895 add something


1896

Ramon Emeterio Betances - In April 1896 Betances was granted diplomatic credentials on behalf of the revolutionary government of Cuba


1898

Christopher Columbus - After Cuba became independent following the Spanish-American War in 1898, the remains were moved back to Spain, to the Cathedral of Seville, where they were placed on an elaborate catafalque

 

Charles Dwight Sigsbee - He is best remembered as the captain of the USS "Maine", which exploded in Havana harbor, Cuba, in 1898

 

Adelbert Ames - In 1898, he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in the Spanish-American War and fought in Cuba

 

Malin Craig - Served with the 6th Cavalry in the Santiago campaign in Cuba, 1898;

 

Samuel Baldwin Marks Young - Spanish-American War - On the commencement of hostilities with Spain he was promoted Brigadier General of Volunteers in May 1898, and in July was made Major General of Volunteers while he commanded a division in Cuba during the Santiago Campaign of the Spanish-American War

 

Joseph Wheeler - At the start of the War Joe Jr. was made an aide on his father's staff and sailed for Cuba on June 1898


1902

Cuba gained formal independence from the U.S. on 20 May 1902, as the Republic of Cuba add something


1906

Following disputed elections in 1906, the first president, Tomás Estrada Palma, faced an armed revolt by independence war veterans who defeated the meager government forces add something

 

William Howard Taft - In 1906, President Roosevelt sent troops to restore order in Cuba during the revolt led by General Enrique Loynaz del Castillo, and Taft temporarily became the Civil Governor of Cuba, personally negotiating with Castillo for a peaceful end to the revolt.

 

Robley Dunglison Evans - After winter quarters in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba on 3 May 1906 Evans returned the fleet to New York


1908

In 1908, self-government was restored when José Miguel Gómez was elected President, but the U.S. continued intervening in Cuban affairs add something


1911

Ben Hebard Fuller - From March to June 1911, he commanded the 3rd Regiment of Marines at Camp Meyer, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba


1912

Alexander Vandegrift - In 1912, he went to foreign shore duty in the Caribbean, first to Cuba and to Nicaragua

 

John A. Lejeune - Lieutenant Colonel Lejeune embarked on board on 26 May 1912 with the Second Regiment, First Provisional Brigade Marines for Cuba

 

John A. Lejeune - He disembarked at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 8 June 1912 and was in command of the District of Santiago from 9 June, to 14 July 1912


1913

John A. Lejeune - He sailed from Philadelphia, 20 February 1913 as second in command of the First Regiment, Second Provisional Brigade Marines and disembarked 27 February 1913, at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba


1915

Francis Picabia - When he landed in New York in the June 1915, though it was ostensibly meant to be a simple port of call en route to Cuba to buy molasses for a friend of his—the director of a sugar refinery—the city snapped him up and the stay became prolonged.


1919

Julian C. Smith - In the early part of 1919, he sailed for Cuba in command of a machine gun battalion


1924

In 1924, Gerardo Machado was elected president add something


1927

Pedro Albizu Campos - In 1927, Albizu traveled to Santo Domingo , Haiti, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela, seeking solidarity for the Puerto Rican Independence movement

 

Charles Lindbergh - Those cities were the last three stops that he and the "Spirit" made during their "Good Will Tour" of Latin America and the Caribbean between December 13, 1927 and February 8, 1928, during which he flew to Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cuba, spending 125 hours in the air


1928

Charles Lindbergh - Basil L. Rowe, the owner and chief pilot of West Indian Aerial Express and a fellow Air Mail pioneer and advocate, in February 1928, Lindbergh carried a small amount of special souvenir mail between Santo Domingo , R.D., Port-au-Prince , Haiti, and Havana , Cuba in the "Spirit of St. Louis"


1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929 led to a collapse in the price of sugar, political unrest, and repression add something


1930

Protesting students, known as the Generation of 1930, turned to violence in opposition to the increasingly unpopular Machado add something

 

Pedro Albizu Campos - By 1930 the United Fruit Company owned over one million acres of land in Guatemala, Honduras, Colombia, Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Mexico and Cuba


1933

The period from 1933 to 1937 was a time of "virtually unremitting social and political warfare" add something

 

Pedro del Valle - He worked as an intelligence officer in Havana , Cuba in 1933 under Admiral Charles Freeman, following the Cuban Sergeant's Revolt

 

Ernest Hemingway - Meanwhile he continued to travel to Europe and to Cuba, and although he wrote of Key West, Florida in 1933, "We have a fine house here, and kids are all well," Mellow believes he "was plainly restless.

 

Sumner Welles - In April 1933, FDR appointed Welles Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs, but when a revolution in Cuba against President Gerardo Machado left its government divided and uncertain, he became instead the President's special envoy to Cuba

 

A general strike , uprisings among sugar workers, and an army revolt forced Machado into exile in August 1933 add something

 

In September 1933, the Sergeants' Revolt, led by Sergeant Fulgencio Batista, overthrew Cespedes add something


1934

Grau resigned in 1934, leaving the way clear for Batista, who dominated Cuban politics for the next 25 years, at first through a series of puppet-presidents add something

 

David Niven - After detours to Bermuda and Cuba, he arrived in Hollywood in 1934


1939

Ernest Hemingway - In the spring of 1939, Hemingway crossed to Cuba in his boat to live in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana.

 

Raul Hilberg - One year later, on April 1, 1939, at age 13, Hilberg fled Austria with his family; after reaching France, they embarked on a ship bound for Cuba

 

William Lyon Mackenzie King - In June 1939 Canada, along with Cuba and the United States, refused to allow entry for the 900 Jewish refugees aboard the passenger ship

 

Raul Hilberg - Following a four-month stay in Cuba, his family arrived in the United States on September 1, 1939, the day the Second World War broke out in Europe


1940

A new constitution was adopted in 1940, which engineered radical progressive ideas, including the right to labour and health care add something

 

As a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952 add something

 

Batista adhered to the 1940 constitution's strictures preventing his re-election add something

 

Batista suspended the 1940 Constitution and revoked most political liberties, including the right to strike add something

 

Alexander Alekhine - In October 1940, he sought permission to enter Cuba, promising to play a match with Capablanca


1941

Michael Strank - Transferred to Provisional Company W at Parris Island on January 17, 1941, Strank, now a Private First Class, sailed for Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, arriving on the 23rd


1944

After finishing his term in 1944 Batista lived in Florida, returning to Cuba to run for president in 1952 add something

 

Batista was elected president in the same year, holding the post until 1944 add something


1950

In the 1950s, various organizations, including some advocating armed uprising, competed for public support in bringing about political change add something


1952

Batista outlawed the Cuban Communist Party in 1952 add something

 

Alberto Granado - He was the youthful friend and traveling companion of revolutionary Che Guevara during their 1952 trip around Latin America, and later founded the Santiago School of Medicine in Cuba


1956

In 1956, Fidel Castro and about 80 supporters landed from the yacht "Granma" in an attempt to start a rebellion against the Batista government add something


1958

By late 1958 the rebels had broken out of the Sierra Maestra and launched a general popular insurrection add something

 

In 1958, Cuba was a relatively well-advanced country by Latin American standards, and in some cases by world standards add something

 

Che Guevara - Radio Rebelde broadcast the first reports that Guevara's column had taken Santa Clara, Cuba on New Year's Eve 1958.

 

Errol Flynn - As a curious postscript to his life of adventure, Flynn went to Cuba in late 1958 to meet with the rebel leader Fidel Castro.


1959

After the 1959 revolution, the government started a national literacy campaign, offered free education to all and established rigorous sports, ballet and music programs add something

 

Before Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution, Cuba was one of the most advanced and successful countries in Latin America add something

 

From 1959 to 1966 Cuban insurgents fought a six-year rebellion in the Escambray Mountains against the Castro government add something

 

Its roots predate Castro's victory in 1959 and lie in the Cubans' widespread identification with the struggle of the Algerian people add something

 

Lesser known actions include the 1959 missions to the Dominican Republic add something

 

The U.S. State Department has estimated that 3,200 people were executed from 1959 to 1962 add something

 

The vast majority of those executed directly following the 1959 revolution were policemen, politicians, and informers of the Batista regime accused of crimes such as torture and murder, and their public trials and executions had widespread popular support among the Cuban population add something

 

Alberto Granado - The two men did not meet again for eight years, by which time Guevara was a hero of Fidel Castro's 1959 Cuban Revolution and head of Cuba's central bank

 

Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro add something

 

After Castro's fighters captured Santa Clara, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on 1 January 1959 add something

 

Fidel Castro's forces entered the capital on 8 January 1959 add something

 

Ernest Hemingway - He was in Cuba in November 1959, between returning from Pamplona and traveling west to Idaho, and the following year for his birthday; however, that year he and Mary decided to leave after hearing the news that Castro wanted to nationalize property owned by Americans and other foreign nationals.


1960

Disease and infant mortality increased in the 1960s immediately after the revolution, when half of Cuba's 6,000 doctors left the country add something

 

Hugo Claus - A sympathizer of the political left at a more mature period in his life, Claus lauded the socialist model after a visit to Cuba in the 1960s

 

Philip Agee - Agee writes that his first overseas assignment was in 1960 to Ecuador where his primary mission was to force a diplomatic break between Ecuador and Cuba, no matter what the cost to Ecuador's shaky stability, using bribery, intimidation, bugging, and forgery

 

Paul A. Baran - Baran visited Cuba in 1960 along with Sweezy and Huberman, and was greatly inspired

 

Regis Debray - In the late 1960s he was a professor of philosophy at the University of Havana in Cuba, and became an associate of Che Guevara in Bolivia

 

Alberto Granado - Thus in 1960, Granado visited Cuba for the first time on Guevara's invitation

 

In February 1960, Castro signed a commercial agreement with Soviet Vice-Premier Anastas Mikoyan add something

 

In March 1960, Eisenhower gave his approval to a CIA plan to arm and train a group of Cuban refugees to overthrow the Castro regime add something

 

Ramon Mercader - After almost 20 years in prison, he was eventually released from Mexico City 's Palacio de Lecumberri prison on 6 May 1960 and moved to Havana , Cuba, where Fidel Castro's new revolutionary government welcomed him


1961

Although the country's population has grown by about four million people since 1961, the rate of growth slowed during that period, and the population began to decline in 2006, due in the country's low fertility rate coupled with emigration add something

 

" In 1961 the Cuban government had imposed broad restrictions on travel to prevent the mass emigration of people after the 1959 revolution; it approved exit visas only on rare occasions add something


1962

The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 add something

 

Albio Sires - Albio Sires was born in Cuba and immigrated to the United States with his family at age 11 with the help of relatives in the United States.

 

Pat Buchanan - He received a master's degree in journalism from Columbia in 1962, writing his thesis on the expanding trade between Canada and Cuba

 

Alberto Granado - In 1962, he founded the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Santiago with a group of colleagues, the second in Cuba

 

Perry Como - In late 1962, after the Cuban Missile Crisis had settled well enough to permit the evacuated servicemen's families to return to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara was eager to do more for morale there

 

In January 1962, Cuba was suspended from the Organization of American States , and later the same year the OAS started to impose sanctions against Cuba of similar nature to the US sanctions add something

 

Elmo Zumwalt - In June 1962, he was assigned to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense , Washington, D.C., where he served first as Desk Officer for France, Spain and Portugal, as Director of Arms Control and Contingency Planning for Cuba


1964

Suze Rotolo - Rotolo traveled to Cuba in June 1964, with a group, at a time when it was unlawful for Americans to do so


1965

Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba add something

 

Alberto Granado - Before Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to pursue revolutions abroad, he left several books with inscriptions for close friends

 

Allen Ginsberg - For example, in 1965 Ginsberg was deported from Cuba for publicly protesting persecution of homosexuals and referring to Che Guevara as "cute"

 

Dave Lombardo - Lombardo was born in Havana , Cuba on February 16, 1965


1967

Omara Portuondo - Sopot Festival - In 1967 Portuondo embarked on a solo career, and in the same year represented Cuba at the Sopot Festival in Poland, singing Juanito Marquez' "Como un Milagro"


1968

Tareke refers here to the training given to 10 members of the Eritrean Liberation Front in 1968 during the Eritrean struggle for independence add something

 

Dilma Rousseff - According to Apolo Heringer, who was the leader of Colina in 1968 and taught Marxism to Rousseff in high school, she chose the armed struggle after reading Revolution inside the Revolution by Regis Debray, a French intellectual who had moved to Cuba and became a friend of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.


1970

During the 1970s, Fidel Castro dispatched tens of thousands of troops in support of Soviet-supported wars in Africa add something

 

Fidel Castro admitted the failures of economic policies in a 1970 speech add something

 

The standard of living in the 1970s was "extremely spartan" and discontent was rife add something

 

Pierre Trudeau - Five of the FLQ terrorists were flown to Cuba in 1970 as part of a deal in exchange for James Cross' life, but all members were eventually arrested


1975

From 1975 until the late 1980s, Soviet military assistance enabled Cuba to upgrade its military capabilities add something

 

In 1975 the OAS lifted its sanctions against Cuba, with the approval of 16 member states, including the U.S. The U.S., however, maintained its own sanctions add something


1976

The Constitution of 1976, which defined Cuba as a socialist republic, was replaced by the Constitution of 1992, which is "guided by the ideas of José Martí and the political and social ideas of Marx, Engels and Lenin add something


1977

Felix Houphouet-Boigny - Moreover, mindful of the Communist influence in Africa, he met Vorster in Geneva in 1977, after the Soviet Union and Cuba tried to collectively spread their influence in Angola and Ethiopia


1979

Frank Sturgis - In 1979 Sturgis traveled to Angola to help rebels fighting the communist government, which was supported by Cuba and the Soviet Union, and to teach guerrilla warfare

 

Assata Shakur - She escaped from prison in 1979 and has been living in Cuba in political asylum since 1984

 

Manuel Pineiro - Wolf, whose real identity would only be known to the Western intelligence services in 1979, had gone to Cuba to advise the Communist regime on how to set up the new General Intelligence Directorate on the island


1980

Recovery occurred by the 1980s, and the country's health care has been widely praised add something

 

Religious freedom increased through the 1980s, add something

 

Robert Novak - In 1980, Letelier's widow, Isabel, wrote in "The New York Times" that the money sent to her late husband from Cuba was from western sources, and that Cuba had simply acted as an intermediary


1981

Frank Sturgis - In 1981 he went to Honduras to train Contras who were fighting Nicaragua's Sandinista government, which was supported by Cuba and the Soviet Union; the Army of El_Salvador; and the Honduras death squads

 

Daniel Ortega - In 1981, United States President Ronald Reagan accused the FSLN of joining with Soviet-backed Cuba in supporting Marxist revolutionary movements in other Latin American countries such as El Salvador


1982

Despite U.S. hostility toward Cuba, a U.S. government document stated in 1982 that the 'Cuban Revolution has managed social achievements, especially in education and health care, that are highly respected in the Third World add something


1984

Alberto Juantorena - After retirement from athletics in 1984, Juantorena has served in many official capacities, including as the Vice President of the National Institute for Sports, Physical Education and Recreation for Cuba, Vice Minister for Sport of Cuba, and Vice-President, later Senior Vice-President of the Cuban Olympic Committee


1990

Havana was the heart of the rap scene in Cuba when it began in the 1990s add something

 

In the 1990s, Human Rights Watch reported that Cuba's extensive prison system, one of the largest in Latin America, consists of 40 maximum-security prisons, 30 minimum-security prisons, and over 200 work camps add something

 

The government's relaxation of restrictions on house churches in the 1990s led to an explosion of Pentecostalism, with some groups claiming as many as 100,000 members add something

 

Thomas Kean - Supporters of Kean in the Bush administration and elsewhere, however, countered that Kean's work since 1990 as a board member of the National Endowment for Democracy, the post-Castro Cuba Commission and his foreign policy and national security commentary and analysis following his Governorship established adequate national security and foreign policy credentials for him to assume such a critically important assignment


1991

Castro's rule was severely tested in the aftermath of the Soviet collapse in 1991 add something

 

Like the rest of the Cuban economy, medical care suffered from severe material shortages following the end of Soviet subsidies in 1991, and a tightening of the U.S. embargo in 1992 add something


1992

For discussion of the 1992 amendments, see add something

 

The United States continues an embargo against Cuba "so long as it continues to refuse to move toward democratization and greater respect for human rights", though the UN General Assembly has, since 1992, passed a resolution every year condemning the ongoing impact of the embargo and claiming it violates the Charter of the United Nations and international law add something

 

Cuba signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 12 June 1992, and became a party to the convention on 8 March 1994 add something


1994

After the loss of Soviet subsidies, Cuba scaled down the numbers of military personnel, from 235,000 in 1994 to about 60,000 in 2003 add something

 

On 5 August 1994, state security dispersed protesters in a spontaneous protest in Havana add something

 

On 9 September 1994, the U.S. and Cuban governments agreed that the U.S. would grant at least 20,000 visas annually in exchange for Cuba's pledge to prevent further unlawful departures on boats add something


1995

Jimmy Earl - Earl's association with the Wild Clams goes back to 1995, when he performed with them at the National Theater of Cuba in Havana .


1997

Alberto Granado - In 1997, he joined the campaign for solidarity with Cuba and promotion of Guevara's ideas at home and abroad


1998

Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI visited Cuba in 1998 and 2011, respectively, and Pope Francis visited Cuba in September 2015 add something

 

Assata Shakur - During the pope's visit to Cuba in 1998, Shakur agreed to an interview with NBC journalist Ralph Penza


1999

Ernest Hemingway - Reynolds , 548 The FBI had opened a file on him during World War II, when he used the Pilar to patrol the waters off Cuba, and J. Edgar Hoover had the agent in Havana watch Hemingway during the 1950s


2000

Vladimir Putin - Putin with Fidel Castro in 2000, re-establishing close ties between Russia and Cuba.

 

Helen Thomas - When Cuban leader Fidel Castro, was asked in the early 2000s what was the difference between democracy in Cuba and democracy in the United States, Castro reportedly replied, "I don't have to answer questions from Helen Thomas


2003

In 2003, the European Union accused the Cuban government of "continuing flagrant violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms" add something

 

In 2003, the government arrested and imprisoned a large number of civil activists, a period known as the "Black Spring" add something

 

Zell Miller - Miller also, in October 2003, voted with most of his party to prohibit the enforcement of the ban on travel to Cuba


2005

Oil exploration in 2005 by the US Geological Survey revealed that the North Cuba Basin could produce about to of oil add something

 

Dervla Murphy - In 2005 she visited Cuba with her daughter and three granddaughters

 

Dervla Murphy - In 2005, she visited Cuba with her daughter and three granddaughters, and made two returning trips in 2006 and 2007

 

Chris Cornell - On May 6, 2005, Audioslave played a free show in Havana, Cuba


2006

Despite less than half of the population identifying as Catholics in 2006, it nonetheless remains the dominant faith add something

 

In 2006, Cuba started to test-drill these locations for possible exploitation add something

 

Charles Aznavour - In 2006, 82-year-old Aznavour traveled to Cuba, where he, together with Chucho Valdés, recorded his new album "Colore Ma Vie", presented at Aznavour's Moscow concert in April 2007


2007

Omara Portuondo - In 2007 she is performing the title role to sold out audiences in Lizt Alfonso's dance musical "Vida", the story of modern Cuba through the eyes and with the memories of an old woman

 

Daniel Pearl - In March 2007, at a closed military hearing in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed said that he had personally beheaded Pearl

 

Otto Schily - On March 29, 2007, he took responsibility for the handling of the case of Guantanamo detainee Murat Kurnaz, who was arrested in Pakistan in 2001, turned over to U.S. authorities and held at the U.S. prison camp in Cuba as a terror suspect


2008

Cuba had the second-highest number of imprisoned journalists of any nation in 2008 according to various sources, including the Committee to Protect Journalists and Human Rights Watch add something

 

In 2008, the European Union and Cuba agreed to resume full relations and cooperation activities add something

 

It was announced in 2008 that wage caps would be abandoned to improve the nation's productivity add something

 

Philip Agee - His wife said on January 9, 2008 that he had died in Cuba on January 7 and had been cremated

 

It has subsequently produced a National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, with one revision, that the convention received on 24 January 2008 add something

 

In February 2008, Fidel Castro announced his resignation as President of Cuba add something

 

Carlos Ruiz (Guatemalan footballer) - On September 10, 2008, Ruiz scored two goals against Cuba in Guatemala's 2010 World Cup qualification in the 3rd match of the 3rd round of qualification of the CONCACAF region

 

Sean Penn - In October 2008, Penn traveled to Cuba, where he met with and interviewed President Raúl Castro.


2009

In 2009, United States President Barack Obama stated on 17 April, in Trinidad and Tobago that "the United States seeks a new beginning with Cuba", and reversed the Bush Administration's prohibition on travel and remittances by Cuban-Americans from the United States to Cuba add something

 

Errol Flynn - Newspaper articles written for the New York Journal American by Flynn documenting his time in Cuba with Fidel Castro and his rebels went unpublished, and were to remain missing until 2009, when they were discovered in the University of Texas at Austin's Center for American History

 

In March 2009, Raúl Castro removed some of his brother's appointees add something

 

Mitch McConnell - On April 21, 2009, McConnell delivered a speech to the Senate criticizing United States President Barack Obama's plans to close the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba


2010

According to the official census of 2010, Cuba's population was 11,241,161, comprising 5,628,996 men and 5,612,165 women add something

 

In July 2010, the unofficial Cuban Human Rights Commission said there were 167 political prisoners in Cuba, a fall from 201 at the start of the year add something


2011

In 2011, the Cuban state denounced reggaeton as degenerate, directed reduced "low-profile" airplay of the genre and banned the megahit "Chupi Chupi" by Osmani García, characterizing its description of sex as "the sort which a prostitute would carry out add something

 

In 2011, the party stated that there were 800,000 members, and representatives generally constitute at least half of the Councils of state and the National Assembly add something

 

The vaccine has been available for free to the Cuban population since 2011 add something

 

Theodore Roosevelt - Access date, 25 April 2011 in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, the Secretary left for a massage, and Roosevelt became Acting Secretary for four hours

 

On 2 August 2011, "The New York Times" reported that Cuba reaffirmed its intent to legalize "buying and selling" of private property before the year's end add something


2012

At the end of 2012, tens of thousands of Cuban medical personnel worked abroad, with as many as 30,000 doctors in Venezuela alone via the two countries' oil-for-doctors programme add something

 

In August 2012, a specialist of the "Cubaenergia Company" announced the opening of Cuba's first Solar Power Plant add something

 

" In December 2012, the Cuban government officially banned sexually explicit reggaeton songs and music videos from radio and television add something


2013

As a member of the Cubasolar Group, there was a mention of 10 additional plants in 2013 add something

 

As of 2013 the top emigration destinations were the United States, Spain, Italy, Puerto Rico, and Mexico add something

 

Prior to 13 January 2013, Cuban citizens could not travel abroad, leave or return to Cuba without first obtaining official permission along with applying for a government issued passport and travel visa, which was often denied add something

 

Effective 14 January 2013, Cuba ended the requirement established in 1961, that any citizens who wish to travel abroad were required to obtain an expensive government permit and a letter of invitation add something

 

In February 2013, Cuban president Raúl Castro announced he would resign in 2018, ending his five-year term, and that he hopes to implement permanent term limits for future Cuban Presidents, including age limits add something

 

In October 2013, Raúl said he intended to merge the two currencies, but , the dual currency system remains in force add something


2014

On 17 December 2014, United States President Barack Obama announced the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba, pushing for Congress to put an end to the embargo add something


2015

In 2015, Cuba became the first country to eradicate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, a milestone hailed by the World Health Organization as "one of the greatest public health achievements possible" add something

 

This was realized on 30 June 2015, when Cuba and the U.S. reached a deal to reopen embassies in their respective capitals on 20 July 2015 and reestablish diplomatic relations add something


2016

Calvin Coolidge - For 88 years he was the only sitting president to have visited Cuba, until Barack Obama did so in 2016

 

After Fidel Castro died on 25 November 2016, the Cuban government declared a nine-day mourning period add something


2017

Assata Shakur - In June 2017, President Donald Trump gave a speech cancelling the Obama administration's Cuba policy

 

Hurricane Irma hit the island on 8 September 2017, with winds of 260 kilometres per hour, at the Camagüey Archipelago; the storm reached Ciego de Avila province around midnight and continued to pound Cuba the next day add something

 

Some tourist facilities were extensively damaged on 8 September 2017 when Hurricane Irma hit the island add something

 

On 17 September 2017, the United States considered closing its Cuban embassy following mysterious sonic attacks on its staff add something


2019

Cuba ranks 30th on the 2019 Bloomberg Healthiest Country Index, which is the only developing country to rank that high add something