DARPA

Knowledge Identifier: &DARPA

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DARPA

agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technologies for use by the military add

Category: Technology

Founded in 1958.

Countries: United States (51%), (41%), New Zealand (3%)

Main connections: United States Department of Defense, Virtual assistant, SRI International

Linked to: Soviet Union, United States Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Wired

 

Timeline


 

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1958

DARPA began as the "'Advanced Research Projects Agency"' created in 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower for the purpose of forming and executing research and development projects to expand the frontiers of technology and science and able to reach far beyond immediate military requirements add something

 

From 1958 to 1965, ARPA's emphasis centered on major national issues, including space, ballistic missile defense, and nuclear test detection add something

 

The creation of DARPA was authorised by President Eisenhower in 1958 for the purpose of forming and executing research and development projects to expand the frontiers of technology and science, and able to reach far beyond immediate military requirements add something


1960

During 1960, all of its civilian space programs were transferred to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the military space programs to the individual Services add something

 

During the late 1960s, with the transfer of these mature programs to the Services, ARPA redefined its role and concentrated on a diverse set of relatively small, essentially exploratory research programs add something

 

Artificial intelligence - By the middle of the 1960s, research in the U.S. was heavily funded by the &Department_of_Defense and laboratories had been established around the world


1968

Hughes OH-6 Cayuse - The aircraft, dubbed "'500P"' by Hughes, began as an &ARPA project, codenamed "Mainstreet", in 1968


1970

Western Union - In the 1970s WUI installed and leased to the U.S. Department of Defense dedicated 50 Kbps high-speed telecommunications facilities between the continental U.S. and Hawaii, Germany and the United Kingdom to provide a test bed for the DOD's &Advanced_Research_Projects_Agency

 

Backdoor (computing) - More generally, such security breaches were discussed at length in a RAND Corporation task force report published under &ARPA sponsorship by J.P. Anderson and D.J. Edwards in 1970

 

Virtual assistant - The next milestone in the development of voice recognition technology was achieved in the 1970s at the Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with substantial support of the United States Department of Defense and its DARPA agency

 

Virtual assistant - The next milestone in the development of voice recognition technology was achieved in the 1970s at the Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with substantial support of the United States Department of Defense and its DARPA agency


1972

The agency was renamed the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in 1972, and during the early 1970s, it emphasized direct energy programs, information processing, and tactical technologies add something

 

ARPA, was renamed to "DARPA" in March 1972, renamed "ARPA" again in February 1993, and renamed "DARPA" again in March 1996 add something


1976

From 1976 to 1981, DARPA's major thrusts were dominated by air, land, sea, and space technology, tactical armor and anti-armor programs, infrared sensing for space-based surveillance, high-energy laser technology for space-based missile defense, antisubmarine warfare, advanced cruise missiles, advanced aircraft, and defense applications of advanced computing add something


1980

During the 1980s, the attention of the Agency was centered on information processing and aircraft-related programs, including the National Aerospace Plane or Hypersonic Research Program add something

 

Trusted Information Systems - "'Trusted Information Systems"' was a computer security research and development company during the 1980s and 1990s, performing computer and communications security research for organizations such as NSA, DARPA, ARL, AFRL, SPAWAR, and others

 

Trusted Information Systems - "'Trusted Information Systems"' was a computer security research and development company during the 1980s and 1990s, performing computer and communications security research for organizations such as NSA, DARPA, ARL, AFRL, SPAWAR, and others


1982

Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense - It was considered as the Chinese counterpart of DARPA of the USA. The ministry was formed in 1982 to centralize Chinese defense procurement and technology whose responsibility had been distributed among several agencies


1993

Boeing X-32 - In 1993, the &Defense_Advanced_Research_Projects_Agency launched the Common Affordable Lightweight Fighter project


1994

Wearable computer - Also in 1994, DARPA started the Smart Modules Program to develop a modular, "humionic" approach to wearable and carryable computers, with the goal of producing a variety of products including computers, radios, navigation systems and human-computer interfaces that have both military and commercial use


1996

Wearable computer - In July 1996 DARPA went on to host the "Wearables in 2005" workshop, bringing together industrial, university and military visionaries to work on the common theme of delivering computing to the individual


1997

Center for Wireless Information Network Studies - In 1997, the center expanded the scope of research to perform pioneering research for indoor and short-range geolocation applications for the Small Unit Operation Situation Awareness System program under DARPA


1998

Disruptive Technology Office - ARDA was created in 1998 after the model of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency by the Director of Central Intelligence and the Department of Defense, and took responsibility for funding some of DARPA's projects


2003

Military exercise - Such examples of modern military wargames include DARWARS, a serious game developed since 2003 by the US DARPA agency with BBN Technologies, a defense contractor which was involved in the development of packet switching, used for ARPANET, and which developed the first computer modem in 1963

 

Unmanned Combat Armed Rotorcraft - The "'Uninhabited Combat Armed Rotorcraft"' or "'UCAR"' was a program carried out by DARPA and the United States Army in 2003-2004 to develop an unmanned combat helicopter


2004

Tor (anonymity network) - Originally sponsored by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, which had been instrumental in the early development of onion routing under the aegis of DARPA, Tor was financially supported by the Electronic Frontier Foundation from 2004 to 2005


2005

Worldwide Aeros Corp - In 2005, Aeros was granted the largest contract under DARPA's project Walrus HULA

 

Artificial intelligence - In 2005, a Stanford robot won the DARPA Grand Challenge by driving autonomously for 131 miles along an unrehearsed desert trail


2006

AirLaunch - On June 14, 2006, the firm, in a DARPA sponsored test, dropped a dummy payload from the back of a C-17, a record-setting drop for the aircraft type


2008

AirLaunch - According to a & DARPA document dated Oct 2008, the QuickReach phase 2C test firings were completed, and DARPA has concluded its SLV program

 

Smart bullet - In 2008 the EXACTO program began under DARPA to develop a "fire and forget" smart sniper system including a guided smart bullet and improved scope


2009

On October 28, 2009 the agency broke ground on a new facility in Arlington, Virginia a few miles from the Pentagon add something


2010

Intelligent personal assistant - Apple Inc. developed $ Siri following the 2010 acquisition of Siri Inc., a spin-off of SRI International, which is a research institute financed by DARPA and the United States Department of Defense

 

Virtual assistant - Apple Inc. developed $ & $ Siri following the 2010 acquisition of Siri Inc., a spin-off of SRI International, which is a research institute financed by DARPA and the United States Department of Defense

 

Virtual assistant - Apple Inc. developed $ & $ Siri following the 2010 acquisition of Siri Inc., a spin-off of SRI International, which is a research institute financed by DARPA and the United States Department of Defense


2011

In fall 2011, DARPA hosted the 100 Year Starship Symposium with the aim of getting the public to start thinking seriously about interstellar travel add something


2012

Trimaran - The DARPA is experimenting with the trimaran design, and in 2012 awarded SAIC a contract to perform Phases 2 through 4 of the ACTUV Program

 

Altius Space Machines - Altius won a contract with & DARPA in July 2012 to build a composite extensible robotic boom arm for the DARPA Phoenix project


2013

Cancelled in 2013 before the notionally planned 2015 launch date add something


2014

Created in April of 2014 by DARPA director Aratir Prabhakar, taking programs from the MTO and DSO divisions add something

 

Created in April 2014 by DARPA director Aratir Prabhakar, taking programs from the MTO and DSO divisions add something


2015

Biotechnology risk - In late 2015, DARPA started to study approaches that could halt gene drives if they went out of control and threatened biological species

 

Biotechnology risk - In late 2015, DARPA started to study approaches that could halt gene drives if they went out of control and threatened biological species


2016

System launches no earlier than 2016 or 2017 add something

 

Guardtime - In 2016, DARPA awarded a contract to Galois to do a formal verification of software by Guardtime

 

On June 5, 2016, NASA and DARPA announced that it planned to build new X-planes with NASA's plan setting to create a whole series of X planes over the next 10 years add something

 

NASA - On June 5, 2016, NASA and DARPA announced that it planned to build new X-planes with NASA's plan setting to create a whole series of X planes over the next 10 years

 

In July 2016, it was announced that DARPA would bring a group of top-notch computer security experts to search for security vulnerabilities and create a fix that patches those vulnerabilities and it is called the Cyber Grand Challenge add something


2018

Biostasis - On March 1, 2018, the &Defense_Advanced_Research_Projects_Agency announced their new Biostasis program under the direction of Dr. Tristan McClure-Begley

 

In June 2018, DARPA leaders demonstrated a number of new technologies that were developed within the framework of the GXV-T program add something


2019

Rocket Lab - On 28 March 2019, the launch of DARPA's R3D2 satellite took place from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1