Dean Acheson

Knowledge Identifier: +Dean_Acheson

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Dean Acheson

American statesman and lawyer add

Category: Politics

Born in 1893.

Countries: United States (58%), (14%), China (7%)

Main connections: Harry S. Truman, United States Department of State, George F. Kennan

Linked to: Harvard Law School, NATO, Groton School, History of the United States Democratic Party

 

Timeline


 

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Dean Acheson was born in 1893 add something


1915

At Harvard Law School from 1915 to 1918, however, he was swept away by the intellect of professor Felix Frankfurter and finished fifth in his class add something


1917

On May 15, 1917, while serving in the National Guard, Acheson married Alice Caroline Stanley add something


1918

On July 25, 1918, he was commissioned as an ensign in the Naval Reserve and served with the Naval Overseas Transportation Service until he was released from active duty on December 31 of the same year add something


1919

At that time, a new tradition of bright law students clerking for the U.S. Supreme Court had been begun by Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, for whom Acheson clerked for two terms from 1919 to 1921 add something


1933

A lifelong Democrat, Acheson worked at a law firm in Washington D.C., Covington & Burling, often dealing with international legal issues before Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointed him Undersecretary of the United States Treasury in 1933 add something

 

Because of his opposition to FDR's plan to inflate the dollar by controlling gold prices, he was forced to resign in November 1933 and resumed his law practice add something


1939

In 1939-1940 he headed a committee to study the operation of administrative bureaus in the federal government add something


1940

In the late 1940s Acheson came under heavy attack over Truman's policy toward China, and for Acheson's defense of State Department employees accused during the anti-gay Lavender and anti-Communist Red Scare investigations of Senator Joseph McCarthy and others add something


1941

Brought back as assistant secretary of state in 1941, Acheson implemented much of United States economic policy aiding Great Britain and harming the Axis Powers add something


1944

Bretton Woods Conference - In 1944, Acheson attended the Bretton Woods Conference as the head delegate from the State department add something

 

The document known officially as "United States Relations with China with Special Reference to the Period 1944-1949", which later was simply called the China White Paper, attempted to dismiss any misinterpretations of Chinese and American diplomacy toward each other add something


1945

And, as late as 1945 or 1946 Acheson sought d├ętente with the Soviet Union add something

 

Later, in 1945, Harry S. Truman selected Acheson as his Undersecretary of &United_States_Department_of_State; he retained this position working under Secretaries of State Edward Stettinius, Jr., James F. Byrnes, and George Marshall add something

 

Maurice Halperin - After the OSS was dissolved in 1945, Halperin transferred to the State Department and worked as an adviser to United States Secretary of State Dean Acheson on Latin American affairs


1947

Acheson devised the policy and wrote Truman's 1947 request to Congress for aid to Greece and Turkey, a speech which stressed the dangers of totalitarianism rather than Soviet aggression and marked the fundamental change in American foreign policy that became known as the Truman Doctrine add something

 

On June 30, 1947 Acheson received the Medal for Merit from President Truman add something

 

Frank Wisner - Wisner was recruited in 1947 by Dean Acheson to join the State Department's Office of Occupied Territories


1948

John Sherman Cooper - North Atlantic Treaty Organization - He was defeated in his re-election bid in 1948, after which he accepted an appointment by President Harry S. Truman as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly and served as a special assistant to Secretary of State Dean Acheson during the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

 

Paul Warnke - In 1948, he joined the law firm Covington & Burling, run by Dean Acheson


1949

As United States Secretary of State in the administration of President Harry S. Truman from 1949 to 1953, he played a central role in defining American foreign policy during the Cold War add something

 

During the summer of 1949, the state department, headed by Acheson, produced a study of recent Sino-American relations add something

 

In 1949, Acheson was appointed Secretary of State add something

 

George F. Kennan - His proposals were discounted by the Truman administration and Kennan's influence was marginalized, particularly after Dean Acheson was appointed secretary of state in 1949

 

Adrian S. Fisher - In late 1949, President Truman asked Dean Acheson to concentrate on the question of whether the United States should develop the hydrogen bomb

 

George F. Kennan - Kennan's influence rapidly declined under Secretary of State Dean Acheson, the successor of the ailing George Marshall in 1949 and 1950


1950

He was ignored by the Eisenhower administration but headed up Democratic Policy Groups in the late 1950s add something

 

Acheson's speech on January 12, 1950, before the National Press Club did not mention the Korea Peninsula as part of the all-important "defense perimeter" of the United States, an omission that critics subsequently took to mean that the United States would not defend the ROK from communist attack add something

 

Acheson's most famous decision was convincing President Truman to intervene in the Korean War in June 1950 add something

 

Acheson came under fire from congressional Republicans for being "soft on communism" at the end of 1950, culminating in their resolving unanimously on December 15, 1950, that he be removed from office add something

 

Motion of no confidence - The United States Congress passed a no confidence motion against Secretary of State Dean Acheson in the 1950s and considered one against Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, but these motions are of symbolic effect only

 

John Sherman Cooper - Secretary of State Dean Acheson chose Cooper as his advisor to meetings that created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and at meetings of the NATO Council of Ministers in London in May 1950 and Brussels in December 1950

 

Korean War - On Saturday, 24 June 1950, U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson informed President Truman by telephone, "Mr. President, I have very serious news

 

Adrian S. Fisher - In August 1950, Fisher was involved in an incident between Secretary of State Dean Acheson and Senator Kenneth S. Wherry, Nebraska Republican and minority whip of the United States Senate, during a hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee


1951

Ngo Dinh Diem - In 1951 he secured an audience with Secretary of State Dean Acheson

 

United Public Workers of America - Secretary of State Dean Acheson threatened to fire anyone in his department who retained membership in UPWA. Mayor of New York City William O'Dwyer refused to recognize any of the union's locals in New York City, and the city formally refused to bargain with the union in October 1951


1952

Faisal II of Iraq - In 1952, Faisal visited the United States, where he met President Harry Truman, Dean Acheson, the actor James Mason, and Jackie Robinson, among others

 

Carl Sagan - Sagan had some interest in UFO reports from at least August 3, 1952, when he wrote a letter to U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson to ask how the United States would respond if flying saucers turned out to be extraterrestrial


1953

He retired on January 20, 1953, the last day of the Truman administration, and served on the Yale Board of Trustees along with Senator Robert A. Taft, one of his sharpest critics add something


1955

He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1955 add something


1957

John Dehner - Dehner portrayed a number of historical figures, including Pat Garrett in the 1957 western film "The Left Handed Gun"; Jean Lafitte in the 1964 episode "The Gentleman from New Orleans" of TV western TV series "Bonanza"; Thomas Jefferson in the 1964 episode "Plague" of the TV anthology series The Great Adventure; Dean Acheson in the 1974 TV-movie "The Missiles of October"; Lafayette C. Baker in the 1977 film "The Lincoln Conspiracy"; John Muir in the 1979 TV movie "Guardian of the Wilderness" ; Henry Luce in the 1983 film "The Right


1960

During the 1960s, he was a leading member of a bipartisan group of establishment elders known as The Wise Men, who initially supported the Vietnam War, but turned against it at a critical meeting with President Lyndon Johnson in March 1968 add something


1964

In 1964, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom add something


1968

He persuaded Truman to dispatch aid and advisors to French forces in Indochina, though in 1968 he finally counseled President Lyndon B. Johnson to negotiate for peace with North Vietnam add something


1969

Paul Wolfowitz - Cold War - In the summer of 1969, Wohlstetter arranged for his students Wolfowitz, Wilson, and Richard Perle to join the Committee to Maintain a Prudent Defense Policy which was set up by Cold War architects Paul Nitze and Dean Acheson


Dean Acheson died in 1971 add something