Leonel Fernandez
United Airlines
Cayman Islands
(Geographical area)
Eva Arias
(Movies & TV)

See also

Dominican Republic

Knowledge Identifier: $Dominican_Republic


Dominican Republic

Category:Island countriesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (20%), Haiti (18%), (11%)

Main connections: Haiti, Leonel Fernandez, JetBlue

Linked to: World Bank, Dominican Liberation Party, Advanced Television Systems Committee standards, Central Bank of the Dominican Republic




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By 1492 the island was divided into five Taíno chiefdoms add something


Christopher Columbus arrived on the island in December 5, 1492, during the first of his four voyages to the Americas add something


Christopher Columbus landed on the island on December 5, 1492, which the native Taíno people had inhabited since the 7th century add something


On Columbus's return during his second voyage he established the settlement of La Isabela in what is now Puerto Plata on Jan. 1494, while he sent Alonso de Ojeda to search for gold in the region add something


In 1496 Bartholomew Columbus, Christopher's brother, built the city of Santo Domingo, Western Europe's first permanent settlement in the "New World add something


By 1501, Columbus's cousin Giovanni Columbus, had discovered gold near Buenaventura, the deposits were later known as Minas Nuevas add something


In 1501, the colony began to import African slaves add something


By 1503, the Spanish Crown legalized the distribution of Indians to work the mines as part of the encomienda system add something


" Thus, Ovando expropriated the gold mines of Miguel Diaz and Francisco de Garay in 1504, as pit mines became royal mines, though placers were open to private prospectors add something


The first recorded smallpox outbreak in the Americas occurred on Hispaniola in 1507 add something


" By 1508 the Indian population of about 400,000 was reduced to 60,000, and by 1514, only 26,334 remained add something


The repartimiento of 1514 accelerated emigration of the Spanish colonists, coupled with the exhaustion of the mines add something


In 1516, a smallpox epidemic killed an additional 8,000, of the remaining 11,000 Indians, in one month add something


By 1519, according to Pons, "Both the gold economy and the Indian population became extinct at the same time add something


Following royal orders, in 1605 Governor Antonio Osorio ignored "cabildo" protests and had the settlements at Puerto Plata, Montecristi, La Yaguana, and Bayaja burned to stop smuggling add something


One third of the people from La Yaguana and Bayaja who were settled at Bayaguana died of hunger and disease by 1609 add something


On April 17, 1655, the English landed on nearby Hispaniola and marched 30 miles overland to Santo Domingo, the main Spanish stronghold on the island add something


The French attacked Santiago in 1667, and this was followed by a devastating hurricane the next year and a smallpox epidemic that killed about 1,500 in 1669 add something


In 1687 the Spaniards captured the fort at Petit-Goave, but the French fought back and hanged their leaders add something


In 1691 the Spaniards attacked the north and sacked Cap-François add something


After decades of armed struggles with the French, Spain ceded the western coast of the island to France with the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick, whilst the Central Plateau remained under Spanish domain add something


Later there were Jewish migrants coming from the Iberian peninsula and other parts of Europe in the 1700s add something


The House of Bourbon replaced the House of Habsburg in Spain in 1700 and introduced economic reforms that gradually began to revive trade in Santo Domingo add something


The last "flotas" sailed in 1737; the monopoly port system was abolished shortly thereafter add something


War of Jenkins' Ear - When the War of Jenkins' Ear between Spain and Britain broke out in 1739, Spanish privateers, particularly from Santo Domingo, began to troll the Caribbean Sea, a development that lasted until the end of the eighteenth century add something


The colony of Santo Domingo saw a population increase during the 17th century, as it rose to about 91,272 in 1750 add something


With the outbreak of the Haitian Revolution in 1791, the rich urban families linked to the colonial bureaucracy fled the island, while most of the rural "hateros" remained, even though they lost their principal market add something


Although the population of Spanish Santo Domingo was perhaps one-fourth that of French Saint-Domingue, this did not prevent the Spanish king from launching an invasion of the French side of the island in 1793, attempting to take advantage of the chaos sparked by the French Revolution add something


However, the country has a long history of fine art that goes back to the middle of the 1800s when the country became independent and the beginnings of a national art scene emerged add something


In 1801, Toussaint Louverture, who at least in theory represented imperial France, marched into Santo Domingo from Saint-Domingue to enforce the terms of the treaty add something


French control of the former Spanish colony passed from Toussaint Louverture to Gen. Charles Leclerc when he seized the city of Santo Domingo in early 1802 add something


Following the defeat of the French under Gen. Donatien de Rochembeau at Le Cap in November 1803 by the Haitians, their new leader, Dessalines, attempted to drive the French out of Santo Domingo add something


He invaded the Spanish side of the island, defeated the French-led Spanish colonials at River Yaque del Sur, and besieged the capital on March 5, 1805 add something


The British ejected the French and returned Santo Domingo to the Spaniards in 1809 add something


After more than three hundred years of Spanish rule the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821 add something


After a dozen years of discontent and failed independence plots by various opposing groups, Santo Domingo's former Lieutenant-Governor , José Núñez de Cáceres, declared the colony's independence from the Spanish crown as Spanish Haiti, on November 30, 1821 add something


The leader of the independence movement José Núñez de Cáceres, intended the Dominican nation to unite with the country of Gran Colombia, but no longer under Spain's custody the newly independent Dominicans were forcefully annexed by Haiti in February 1822 add something


In 1838 Juan Pablo Duarte founded a secret society called La Trinitaria, which sought the complete independence of Santo Domingo without any foreign intervention add something


They rose up on January 27, 1843, ostensibly in support of the Haitian Charles Hérard who was challenging Boyer for the control of Haiti add something


Dominican War of Independence - $ Independence came 22 years later after victory in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844 add something


Ramon Emeterio Betances - The Dominican Republic had its first war for independence in 1844, which was successful in obtaining independence from Haiti, although Haitian rule of parts of the country would last intermittently until 1856


On February 27, 1844, the surviving members of "La Trinitaria" declared the independence from Haiti add something


On 19 March 1844, the Haitian Army, under the personal command of President Hérard, invaded the eastern province from the north and progressed as far as Santiago, but was soon forced to withdraw after suffering disproportionate losses add something


The Dominican Republic's first Constitution was adopted on November 6, 1844, and was modeled after the United States Constitution add something


The Dominican Republic's first constitution was adopted on November 6, 1844 add something


The Dominicans repelled the Haitian forces, on both land and sea, by December 1845 add something


Haiti - On 1 January 1846 Pierrot announced a fresh campaign to put down the Dominicans, but his officers and men greeted this fresh summons with contempt


In 1848, he was forced to resign, and was succeeded by his vice-president, Manuel Jimenes add something


Haiti - But, when in 1848 France finally recognized the Dominican Republic as a free and independent state and provisionally signed a treaty of peace, friendship, commerce and navigation, Haiti immediately protested, claiming the treaty was an attack upon their own security


After defeating a new Haitian invasion in 1849, Santana marched on Santo Domingo and deposed Jimenes in a coup d'état add something


The Haitians invaded again in 1849 after France recognized the Dominican Republic as an independent nation add something


Santana being called upon to assume command of the troops, met the enemy at Ocoa, April 21, 1849, with only 400 men, and succeeded in utterly defeating the Haitian army add something


In November 1849 Báez launched a naval offensive against Haiti to forestall the threat of another invasion add something


In 1853 Santana was elected president for his second term, forcing Báez into exile add something


Haiti - In 1855, he invaded the territory of the Dominican Republic


With the treasury depleted, Báez printed eighteen million uninsured pesos, purchasing the 1857 tobacco crop with this currency and exporting it for hard cash at immense profit to himself and his followers add something


In July 1857 General Juan Luis Franco Bidó besieged Santo Domingo add something


The Cibao-based government declared an amnesty to exiles and Santana returned and managed to replace Franco Bidó in September 1857 add something


After a year of civil war, Santana captured Santo Domingo in June 1858, overthrew both Báez and Valverde and installed himself as president add something


In 1861, after imprisoning, silencing, exiling, and executing many of his opponents and due to political and economic reasons, Santana signed a pact with the Spanish Crown and reverted the Dominican nation to colonial status add something


The last record of pure Taínos in the country was from 1864 add something


Spanish rule finally came to an end with the War of Restoration in 1865, after four years of conflict between Dominican nationalists and Spanish sympathizers add something


In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant ordered U.S. Marines to the island for the first time add something


Charles Sumner - After leading Senators to defeat President Ulysses S. Grant's Santo Domingo Treaty in 1870, Sumner broke with Grant and was determined to defeat any treaty or legislation that Grant supported


Báez was toppled in 1874, returned, and was toppled for good in 1878 add something


Relative peace came to the country in the 1880s, which saw the coming to power of General Ulises Heureaux add something


From 1896 to 1907 missionaries from the Episcopal, Free Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist and Moravians churches began work in the Dominican Republic add something


From 1902 on, short-lived governments were again the norm, with their power usurped by caudillos in parts of the country add something


A 1906 agreement provided for the arrangement to last 50 years add something


After six years in power, President Ramón Cáceres was assassinated in 1911 add something


A political deadlock in 1914 was broken after an ultimatum by Wilson telling the Dominicans to choose a president or see the U.S. impose one add something


He made a small military intervention to ward off European powers, to proclaim his famous Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, and to obtain his 1905 Dominican agreement for U.S. administration of Dominican customs, which was the chief source of income for the Dominican government add something


Other important sports are volleyball, introduced in 1916 by U.S. Marines and controlled by the Dominican Volleyball Federation, taekwondo, in which Gabriel Mercedes won an Olympic silver medal in 2008, and judo add something


Secretary of War - But this brought no peace and, with his former Secretary of War Desiderio Arias maneuvering to depose him and despite a U.S. offer of military aid against Arias, Jimenes resigned on May 7, 1916 add something


U.S. Marines landed on May 16, 1916, and had control of the country two months later add something


Between 1920 and 1940 the art scene was influenced by styles of realism and impressionism add something


The U.S. government's rule ended in October 1922, and elections were held in March 1924 add something


In February 1930, when Vásquez attempted to win another term, his opponents rebelled in secret alliance with the commander of the National Army , General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina add something


Trujillo stood to elect himself, and in May he was elected president virtually unopposed after a violent campaign against his opponents, ascending to power on August 16, 1930 add something


Noted fashion designer Oscar de la Renta was born in the Dominican Republic in 1932, and became a US citizen in 1971 add something


He finally negotiated an undisputed border with Haiti in 1935 and achieved the end of the 50-year customs agreement in 1941, instead of 1956 add something


Between 1937 and 1950 merengue music was promoted internationally by Dominican groups like Billo's Caracas Boys, Chapuseaux and Damiron "Los Reyes del Merengue," Joseito Mateo, and others add something


The army killed an estimated 17,000 to 35,000 Haitian men, women, and children over six days, from the night of October 2, 1937, through October 8, 1937 add something


In 1938, reports from the Dominican Republic revealed hundreds more Haitians had been killed and thousands deported add something


In 1946 it suffered a magnitude 8,1 earthquake off the northeast coast add something


Central Bank of the Dominican Republic - The "'Central Bank of the Dominican Republic"' was established by the Monetary and Banking Law of 1947 as the central bank of the Dominican Republic, responsible for regulating the country's monetary and banking system


Ozzie Virgil, Sr. became the first Dominican-born player in the MLB on September 23, 1956 add something


Cuba - Lesser known actions include the 1959 missions to the Dominican Republic


Cuba - After Castro's fighters captured Santa Clara, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on 1 January 1959


During the late 1960s Dominican musicians like Johnny Pacheco, creator of the Fania All Stars, played a significant role in the development and popularization of the genre add something


The U.S. finally broke with Trujillo in 1960, after Trujillo's agents attempted to assassinate the Venezuelan president, Rómulo Betancourt, a fierce critic of Trujillo add something


On November 25, 1960, Trujillo killed three of the four Mirabal sisters, nicknamed "Las Mariposas" add something


The first of three late-20th century emigration waves began in 1961 after the assassination of dictator Trujillo, due to fear of retaliation by Trujillo's allies and political uncertainty in general add something


Trujillo was assassinated on May 30, 1961 add something


By 1963, he had designs bearing his own label add something


In February 1963, a democratically elected government under leftist Juan Bosch took office but it was overthrown in September add something


In 1965 the United States began a military occupation of the Dominican Republic to end a civil war add something


On April 24, 1965, after 19 months of military rule, a pro-Bosch revolt broke out add something


All these remained in the country for over a year and left after supervising elections in 1966 won by Joaquín Balaguer add something


From 1966 to 1978, the exodus continued, fueled by high unemployment and political repression add something


In 1978, Balaguer was succeeded in the presidency by opposition candidate Antonio Guzmán Fernández, of the Dominican Revolutionary Party add something


In the early 1980s, underemployment, inflation, and the rise in value of the dollar all contributed to a third wave of emigration from the Dominican Republic add something


Merengue became popular in the United States, mostly on the East Coast, during the 1980s and 1990s, when many Dominican artists residing in the U.S. started performing in the Latin club scene and gained radio airplay add something


Another PRD win in 1982 followed, under Salvador Jorge Blanco add something


The exchange rate to the U.S. dollar, liberalized by 1985, stood at 2,70 pesos per dollar in August 1986, 14,00 pesos in 1993, and 16,00 pesos in 2000 add something


Manny Ramirez - Originally from Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic, in 1985, Ramirez joined his parents who relocated from the Dominican Republic to Washington Heights, a predominantly Dominican neighborhood in New York City


Eva Arias - "'Eva Carolina Arias Viñas"' born is a Dominican model and beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss Dominican Republic 2010 and represented her country in the 2010 Miss Universe pageant


Balaguer regained the presidency in 1986 and was re-elected in 1990 and 1994, this last time just defeating PRD candidate José Francisco Peña Gómez, a former mayor of Santo Domingo add something


Carlos Morales Troncoso - He was a member of the monetary board of the Dominican Republic prior to becoming vice president of the Dominican Republic in 1986 after winning his candidacy with Joaquín Balaguer who became president and continued in this role until 1994


It was, however, praised for an ambitious infrastructure program, which included construction of large housing projects, sports complexes, theaters, museums, aqueducts, roads, highways, and the massive Columbus Lighthouse, completed in 1992 during a later tenure add something


The 1994 elections were flawed, bringing on international pressure, to which Balaguer responded by scheduling another presidential contest in 1996 add something


Juan Temistocles Montas - He had a leading role in the political crisis in the Dominican Republic of 1994, events leading the called "Pact for Democracy" and as one of leader of his political organization, together with Danilo Medina and Leonel Fernández in 1996, were responsible for structuring a new political project inside the party, which later led to Leonel Fernández as a candidate for the Presidency of the Dominican Republic, who was elected winner of the elections held that year and became the first Head of State from Dominican Liberation Party


In the 1996 presidential election, Leonel Fernández achieved the first-ever win for the Dominican Liberation Party , which Bosch had founded in 1973 after leaving the PRD add something


Since 1996, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time since 1996 add something


"International observers have found that presidential and congressional elections since 1996 have been generally free and fair add something


In 2000 the PRD's Hipólito Mejía won the election add something


CURE International - Dominican Republic: The CURE Dominican Republic Hospital, established in 2003, is located in Santo Domingo


Mejía was defeated in his re-election effort in 2004 by Leonel Fernández of the PLD. In 2008, Fernández was as elected for a third term add something


According to the 2005 Annual Report of the United Nations Subcommittee on Human Development in the Dominican Republic, the country is ranked No. 71 in the world for resource availability, No. 79 for human development, and No. 14 in the world for resource mismanagement add something


In 2005, Dominican President Leonel Fernández criticized collective expulsions of Haitians as having taken place "in an abusive and inhuman way add something


Eva Arias - Arias participated in the 2006 Miss Dominican Republic pageant, in which she was 1st runner-up to Mía Taveras of Santiago and won the "Best Fashion Look" award


Arismendy Peguero - His success earned him the title "Dominican Republic male athlete of the year" in 2006


In 2007 the Dominican Republic had a birth rate of 22,91 per 1000 and a death rate of 5,32 per 1000 add something


Trailer Bridge - In 2007, the company added the Dominican Republic as a shipping destination and is, according to "The Jacksonville Business Journal", the only service "between the U.S. and the Dominican Republic using U.S.-flagged ships


Economy of the Dominican Republic - CAFTA-DR entered into force for the Dominican Republic on 1 March 2007


Milly Quezada - The film was the closing feature at the III Dominican Republic Global Film Festival in November, 2009 and was attended by the President of the Dominican Republic


In November 2009, the Dominican Republic became the first Latin American country to pledge to include a "gender perspective" in every information and communications technology initiative and policy developed by the government add something


The capital city Santo Domingo had a population of 2,907,100 in 2010 add something


Milagros Cabral - After winning the 2010 Pan American Cup gold medal for the second time after the 2008 tournament, the President of the Dominican Republic Olympic Committee designed all the players from the National team as "National Heroines"


Haiti - Neighboring Dominican Republic has provided extensive humanitarian aid to Haiti, including the funding and construction of a public university, human capital, free healthcare services in the border region, and logistical support after the 2010 earthquake


Jessica Boyington - Previously Miss Comunidad Dominicana en Estados Unidos 2010 and 3rd Runner-Up at Miss Dominican Republic 2010


Eva Arias - She eventually came back and re-entered her country's national beauty pageant and was crowned Miss Dominican Republic 2010


Manuel Zelaya - On 20 January 2010, the Dominican Republic and Honduran President-elect Lobo agreed to a deal that would allow Zelaya to be transported safely from the Brazilian embassy in Tegucigalpa where he had been, to the Dominican Republic upon Lobo taking office on 27 January


Manuel Zelaya - Zelaya, along with his wife, two children, and President Fernández of the Dominican Republic, left Honduras on 27 January 2010, for the Dominican Republic


In April 2010, five teenagers, aged 15 to 17, shot and killed two taxi drivers and killed another five by forcing them to drink drain-cleaning acid add something


On September 24, 2010, the teens were sentenced to prison terms of three to five years, despite the protests of the taxi drivers' families add something


Gran Arena del Cibao - The arena is used for other purposes; for example, it is believed that it may host the Miss Dominican Republic pageant in 2011


Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar - On January 2011, Diplomatic cables from 2005 and 2006 released by Wikileaks in the United States diplomatic cables leak, revealed that Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernández suspected Bacellar had been assassinated by a group of contras led by Guy Philippe, a former soldier and police chief and an Haitian anti-Aristide "rebel" leader that had been armed by the USA.


Before the opening of the second line, 30,856,515 passengers rode the Santo Domingo Metro in 2012 add something


Danilo Medina of the PLD was elected president in 2012 and re-elected in 2016 add something


In 2012 the Dominican Republic had a murder rate of 22,1 per 100,000 population add something


In 2012 there were approximately 1,7 million people of Dominican descent in the U.S., counting both native- and foreign-born add something


In the 2012 presidential elections the incumbent president Leonel Fernández declined his aspirations and instead the PLD elected Danilo Medina as its candidate add something


There was a total of 2,268 murders in the Dominican Republic in 2012 add something


Juan Temistocles Montas - On August 16, 2012 the new President of the Dominican Republic Danilo Medina, confirmed him as Minister of Ecomomy, Planning and Development of the new government


In 2013, the Dominican team went undefeated "en route" to winning the World Baseball Classic add something


Haiti - Conversely, according to the 2013 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime report, murder rates in Haiti are far "below" the regional average ; less than that of Jamaica and nearly that of the Dominican Republic , making it among the safer countries in the region


The second line, which opened in April 2013, is meant to relieve the congestion along the Duarte-Kennedy-Centenario Corridor in the city from west to east add something


De la Renta died of complications from cancer on October 20, 2014 add something


The country's commercial radio stations and television stations are in the process of transferring to the digital spectrum, via HD Radio and HDTV after officially adopting ATSC as the digital medium in the country with a switch-off of analog transmission by September 2015 add something


Starting from 2016, elections will be held jointly, after a constitutional reform add something


Federico Alberto Cuello Camilo - Dominican Republic - London: Dominican Embassy to the UK/Dominican Republic Tourist Board, 9 June 2016


JetBlue - As of March 2019, JetBlue Airways flies to 102 destinations in Europe, North, Central, and South_America; including destinations in Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, &Puerto_Rico (xyzgh_Puerto_Rico), Saint Maarten, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, London, Amsterdam, and the United States


JetBlue Airways - As of March 2019, JetBlue Airways flies to 102 destinations in Europe, North, Central, and South_America; including destinations in Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, &Puerto_Rico (xyzgh_Puerto_Rico), Saint Maarten, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, London, Amsterdam, and the United States


JetBlue - As of April 2019, JetBlue Airways flies to 102 destinations in North, Central, and South_America; including destinations in Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, $Puerto_Rico (xyzgh_Puerto_Rico), Saint Maarten, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the United States


JetBlue Airways - As of April 2019, JetBlue Airways flies to 102 destinations in North, Central, and South_America; including destinations in Aruba, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, &Puerto_Rico (xyzgh_Puerto_Rico), Saint Maarten, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the United States