Duke Ellington

Knowledge Identifier: +Duke_Ellington

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Duke Ellington

American composer, pianist, and big-band leaderadd

Category: Music (650)

Born in 1899.

Countries: United States (70%), United Kingdom (6%), (6%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Count Basie, Benny Goodman, Adelaide Hall

Linked to: Berklee College of Music, Time, Duke Ellington School of the Arts, Dunbar High School

 

Timeline


 

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Duke Ellington was born in 1899 add something


1905

At the age of seven, Ellington began taking piano lessons from Marietta Clinkscales. add something

 

Ellington started sneaking into Frank Holiday's Poolroom at the age of fourteen. add something


1914

In the summer of 1914, while working as a soda jerk at the Poodle Dog Cafe, he wrote his first composition, "Soda Fountain Rag" (also known as the "Poodle Dog Rag"). add something


1917

From 1917 through 1919, Ellington launched his musical career, painting commercial signs by day and playing piano by night. add something

 

Nick LaRocca - Rocca's 1917 composition "Tiger Rag" was covered by Louis Armstrong in several different versions throughout his career, while Duke Ellington, Art_Tatum, and The Mills Brothers recorded important and influential cover versions of the jazz standard.


1919

Count Basie - Discouraged by the obvious talents of Sonny Greer, who lived in Red Bank, New Jersey and became Duke Ellington's drummer in 1919, Basie at age 15 switched to piano exclusively.

 

Sonny Greer - Greer was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, New Jersey, and played with Elmer Snowden's band and the Howard Theatre's orchestra in Washington, D.C. before joining Duke Ellington, whom he met in 1919


1921

Ted Snyder - Snyder would become widely known to a later generation through hits such as 1921's "The Sheik of Araby" recorded by several artists including Duke Ellington , Benny Goodman , and The Beatles


1923

In June 1923, a gig in Atlantic City, New Jersey, New Jersey, led to a play date at the prestigious Exclusive Club in Harlem. add something

 

This was followed in September 1923 by a move to the Hollywood Club – 49th and Broadway – and a four-year engagement, which gave Ellington a solid artistic base. add something


1924

After recording a handful of accoustic titles during 1924-1926, his signing with Irving Mills allowed him to record for nearly every label, often recording different versions of the same tune for numerous labels. add something

 

Ellington made eight records in 1924, receiving composing credit on three including Choo Choo. add something

 

Snowden left the group in early 1924 and Ellington took over as bandleader. add something

 

Billy Taylor (jazz bassist) - After moving to New York City in 1924, he played with Elmer Snowden , Willie Gant and Arthur Gibbs , Charlie Johnson , Duke Ellington , McKinney's Cotton Pickers , Fats Waller , and Fletcher Henderson


1925

In 1925, Ellington contributed four songs to Chocolate Kiddies, an all-African-American revue which introduced European audiences to African-American styles and performers. add something

 

Sam Wooding - His orchestra was at Harlem's Smalls' Paradise in 1925 when a Russian impresario booked it as the pit band for a show titled "The Chocolate Kiddies", scheduled to open in Berlin later that year, featuring music by Duke Ellington and starring the performers Lottie Gee and Adelaide Hall


1926

In the main, during November, 1926 and 1930, he recorded concurrently for Brunswick-Vocalion, OKeh, and Victor, along with a handful of sessions for Columbia and the dime store labels (Cameo, Lincoln, Romeo, Perfect). add something

 

Paul Whiteman - 920), covered by Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Benny_Goodman, and Joe "King" Oliver's Dixie Syncopators in 1926 and many of the Big Bands.

 

Louis Metcalf - In 1926 Duke Ellington hired Metcalf to play in his seminal orchestra, where his mellow tone contrasted with Bubber Miley's


1927

In 1927, King Oliver turned down a regular booking for his group as the house band at Harlem's Cotton Club; the offer passed to Ellington. add something

 

Adelaide Hall - In October, 1927, Adelaide recorded her wordless vocals on "Creole Love Call", "The Blues I Love To Sing" and "Chicago Stomp Down" with Duke Ellington and his Orchestra


1928

Andy Hamilton (saxophonist) - Hamilton was born in Port Maria, and learnt to play saxophone on a bamboo instrument. he formed his first band in 1928 with friends who played oil drums and Hamilton a bamboo sax, influenced by American musicians such as Duke Ellington and Count Basie and by the Kingston,_Jamaica-based bands of Redver Cook and Roy Coburn

 

Lonnie Johnson - In 1928 he recorded "Hot and Bothered", "Move Over", and "The Mooche" with Duke Ellington on Okeh records; he recorded with a group called The Chocolate Dandies


1929

In 1929, Ellington appeared in his first movie, a nineteen-minute all-African-American RKO short, Black and Tan, in which he played the hero "Duke". add something

 

In 1929, when Ellington conducted the orchestra for Show Girl, he met Will Vodery, Ziegfeld’s musical supervisor. add something

 

Count Basie - The following year, in 1929 Basie became the pianist with the Bennie Moten band based in Kansas City, inspired by Moten's ambition to raise his band to the level of Duke Ellington's or Fletcher Henderson's.


1930

In 1930, Ellington and his Orchestra connected with a whole different audience in a concert with Maurice Chevalier and they performed at the Roseland Ballroom, "America's foremost ballroom". add something

 

Wilson Myers - He worked with the Spirits of Rhythm both in the 1930s and 1940s, and in the latter decade played with Jimmy Dorsey, Bob Mosley, Tiger Haynes, Rex Stewart, and Duke Ellington for a short time

 

Henry Nemo - Nemo's rare collection of jazz memorabilia documents 1930s music and his days at the Cotton Club, where he wrote the lyrics with Irving Mills and John Redmond for "I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart" , with music by Duke Ellington


1932

After a flury of sides recorded for Victor, Ellington basically signed to Brunswick in 1932 and stayed with them through late 1936, when Irving Mills put him on Mills' new Master label, and various small groups within Ellington's band recorded on Mills' Variety label 'fronted' by his 4 main soloists, Barney Bigard, Rex Stewart, Johnny Hodges and Cootie Williams. add something

 

Percy Grainger - On 25 October 1932 his lecture was illustrated by Duke Ellington and his band, who appeared in person; Grainger admired Ellington's music, seeing harmonic similarities with Delius


1933

While the band's United States audience remained mainly African-American in this period, the Cotton Club had a near-exclusive white clientele and the Ellington orchestra had a huge following overseas, exemplified by the success of their trip to England in 1933 and their 1934 visit to the European mainland. add something

 

Adelaide Hall - On January 7, 1933, Adelaide and Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra recorded "I Must Have That Man" and "Baby"


1934

On the band's tour through the segregated South in 1934, they avoided some of the traveling difficulties of African-Americans by touring in private railcars. add something


1935

The Calvert Street Bridge was renamed the Duke Ellington Bridge; built in 1935, it connects Woodley Park to Adams Morgan. add something

 

The death of Ellington's mother in 1935 led to a temporary hiatus in his career. add something

 

Hayes Alvis - From 1935 to 1938 Alvis played with Duke Ellington, working with fellow bassist/tubist Billy Taylor

 

Billie Holiday - In 1935, Billie Holiday had a small role as a woman being abused by her lover in Duke Ellington's short Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life.

 

Ben Webster - Playing with Duke Ellington's orchestra for the first time in 1935, by 1940 Ben Webster had become its first major tenor soloist.


1936

Jesse Stone - Duke Ellington got Stone's orchestra booked at the Cotton Club in 1936, and Ellington put Stone up free of charge in his apartment for four months


1937

After the Master and Variety labels collapsed in late 1937, Mills placed Ellington back on Brunswick and those small group units on Vocalion through 1939, when Ellington signed back to Victor. add something

 

Ellington ended his association with Mills in 1937, although he continued to record under Mills' banner through to 1940. add something

 

In 1937, Ellington returned to the Cotton Club which had relocated to the mid-town theater district. add something

 

The feature "Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue" comprised two tunes that had been in the band's book since 1937 but largely forgotten until Ellington, who had abruptly ended the band's scheduled set because of the late arrival of four key players, called the two tunes as the time was approaching midnight. add something

 

When UCLA students were entranced by Duke Ellington's provocative tunes at a Culver City club in 1937, they asked the budding musical great to play a free concert in Royce Hall. add something

 

Earl Hines - Ray Nance performed on trumpet and violin, 1937 to 1939, before moving on to the Duke Ellington Orchestra.

 

Irving Gordon - After Gordon was introduced to Duke Ellington in 1937, Ellington sometimes invited him to put words to his compositions

 

Chick Webb - Notably, Webb lost to Duke Ellington in 1937


1938

Junior Raglin - He played with Eugene Coy from 1938 to 1941 in Oregon, and joined Duke Ellington's Orchestra, where he replaced Jimmy Blanton


1939

Strayhorn, originally hired as a lyricist, began his association with Ellington in 1939. add something

 

Earle Hagen - While with Noble he wrote "Harlem Nocturne", on the road in 1939, as a tribute to Duke Ellington and Johnny Hodges


1940

Jazz - By the 1940s, Duke Ellington's music transcended the bounds of swing, bridging jazz and art music in a natural synthesis

 

Herb Jeffries - He recorded extensively with Duke Ellington from 1940 to 1942

 

Bert Williams - In 1940, Duke Ellington composed and recorded "A Portrait of Bert Williams," a subtly crafted tribute

 

Al Sears - In the early 1940s he was with Andy Kirk and Lionel Hampton before he became a member of Duke Ellington's Orchestra in 1944, replacing Ben Webster

 

Sugar Ray Robinson - Robinson met his second wife Edna Mae Holly, a noted dancer who performed at the Cotton Club and toured Europe with Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway, in 1940


1941

Ellington composed the score for the musical Jump For Joy, which was performed in Los Angeles during 1941. add something

 

Sid Weiss - He was with Benny Goodman from 1941-45, played in the second half of the 1940s and the early 1950s with Muggsy Spanier, Pee Wee Russell, Cozy Cole, Bud Freeman, Duke Ellington, and Eddie Condon

 

Henry Nemo - Nemo teamed with numerous music industry music celebrities, including Frank Sinatra, Duke Ellington, Mildred Bailey and Tommy Dorsey and Artie Shaw, who recorded his song "Don't Take Your Love for Me." Shaw recorded this song in 1941 with a band of mostly African-American musicians accompanying the African-American vocalist Lena Horne


1942

John Simmons (musician) - In 1942-43 he worked in the CBS Blue Network Orchestra, played with Duke Ellington , Eddie Heywood , and Illinois Jacquet , in addition to doing much studio work


1943

Ellington, however, later had many different vocalists, including Herb Jeffries and Al Hibbler. add something

 

Louie Bellson - Between 1943 and 1952, Bellson performed with Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey, Harry James, and Duke Ellington

 

Jimmy Hamilton - In 1943 he replaced Barney Bigard in the Duke Ellington orchestra, and stayed with Ellington until 1968.

 

Barzillai Lew - In 1943, musician Duke Ellington wrote a piano piece in honor of Barzillai Lew. It is believed that Ellington learned about Barzillai Lew from his high school teacher, African American historian Carter G. Woodson at the Armstrong Manual Training School, Washington, D.C.


1944

Cat Anderson - Anderson's career took off, however, in 1944, when he joined Duke Ellington's orchestra at the Earle Theater in Philadelphia

 

Charlie Rouse - Rouse began his career with the Billy Eckstine Orchestra in 1944, followed by the Dizzy Gillespie Big Band in 1945, the Duke Ellington Orchestra from 1949 to 1950, the Count Basie Octet in 1950, Bull Moose Jackson And His Buffalo Bearcats in 1953, and the Oscar Pettiford Sextet in 1955


1946

Duke Ellington, Creative Age Press, 1946. add something

 

Ellington's sole book musical, Beggar's Holiday, was staged on Broadway in 1946. add something

 

From Vodery, as he says himself, he drew his chromatic convictions, his uses of the tones ordinarily extraneous to the diatonic scale, with the consequent alteration of the harmonic character of his music, its broadening, The deepening of his resources. add something

 

Django Reinhardt - After the war, Reinhardt rejoined Grappelli in the UK, and went on in the autumn of 1946 to tour the United States as a special guest soloist with Duke Ellington and His Orchestra, when he got to play with many notable musicians and composers such as Maury Deutsch.

 

Bernie Leighton - While Leighton was best known as a sideman, he recorded extensively as a leader; he released on Keynote Records in 1946, Mercury Records in 1950, an LP on Columbia Records in 1950, Brunswick in 1951, LPs for Disneyland and Capitol in 1957, and a tribute to Duke Ellington released in 1974


1948

Joe Shulman - He worked with Peggy Lee from 1948-50 and with Lester Young in 1950; he did a recording session with Billy Strayhorn and Duke Ellington that year


1949

Willis Jackson (saxophonist) - Born in Miami, Florida, Jackson joined Duke Ellington alumnus Cootie Williams's band in 1949 as a teenager, after being discovered by Eddie Vinson


1950

By 1950, another emerging musical trend, the African-American popular music style known as Rhythm and Blues driven by musicians like Fats Domino was drawing young audiences away. add something

 

Louie Bellson - Later in the 1950s and 1960s, he performed with Jazz at the Philharmonic or J.A.T.P., Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, Count Basie, Duke Ellington again, and Harry James again, as well as appearing on several Ella Fitzgerald studio albums

 

Jazz - Perhaps the most prominent manifestation of this resurgence was the emergence of trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, who strove to create music within what he believed was the tradition, rejecting both fusion and free jazz and creating extensions of the small and large forms initially pioneered by such artists as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington as well as the hard bop of the 1950s


1951

In 1951, Ellington suffered a major loss of personnel, with Sonny Greer, Lawrence Brown, and most significantly Johnny Hodges, leaving to pursue other ventures. add something


1952

Jackie Paris - Charlie Mingus named Jackie as his favorite singer, and used him on several recording sessions over a period of many decades, including 1952's "Paris In Blue" and the Mingus classic " Duke Ellington's Sound of Love," on the album "Changes Two" in 1974

 

Art Rupe - In 1952, Rupe first traveled to New Orleans because of his attraction to the gospel sound of Fats Domino who played piano in the band of Dave Bartholomew, a former trumpeter with Duke Ellington

 

Louie Bellson - At the Palomar Supper Club, April 19, 1952, with the Duke Ellington Orchestra


1953

Ernie Royal - In the following 20 years he would work with Lionel Hampton, Woody Herman, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Wardell Gray, Stan Kenton and recording as a member of the Charles Mingus Octet, with Teo Macero, John Lewis and Kenny Clarke, among others, in 1953

 

Bill Hughes (musician) - Hughes was asked to join the Duke Ellington Orchestra; however in September 1953, he joined the Basie band where he already knew members Frank Wess, Eddie Jones, and Benny Powell


1954

Ellington poses with his piano at the KFG Radio Studio November 3, 1954. add something


1955

However by 1955, after three years of recording for Capitol, Ellington no longer had a regular recording affiliation. add something

 

Stan Kenton - In July to September, 1955, the year before Feather's letter, Kenton hosted the CBS summer replacement, Music 55, for which he invited Duke Ellington, Ella_Fitzgerald, Lena Horne, Louis Jordan, Cab Calloway, and many other African-American artists to participate


1957

In 1957, CBS (Columbia's parent corporation) aired a live television production of A Drum Is a Woman, an allegorical suite which received mixed reviews. add something


1959

Detroit Free Press music critic Mark Stryker concludes that the work of Billy Strayhorn and Ellington in Anatomy of a Murder, the trial court drama film directed by Otto Preminger in 1959, is "indispensable, . add something

 

Ellington earned 12 Grammy awards from 1959 to 2000, three of which were posthumous. add something

 

Badal Roy - His first exposure to jazz came when he saw a concert by Duke Ellington and his 60-member orchestra at the Metropole Hotel in Karachi, West Pakistan in 1959; he and his brother were the only Pakistanis in attendance


1960

Musicians who had previously worked with Ellington returned to the Orchestra as members: Lawrence Brown in 1960 and Cootie Williams in 1962. add something

 

Dezo Hoffmann - He earned international acclaim in the 1960s, shooting photographs of well known pop and showbiz personalities, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, Charlie Chaplin, Sophia Loren, Marlon Brando, Marilyn Monroe, Laurence Olivier, The Kinks, The Shadows, Tom Jones, Jimi Hendrix, Frank Sinatra, Bob Marley, Duke Ellington, Louis_Armstrong, Elton John, Omar Sharif and Pink Floyd

 

Onzy Matthews - He later had a close relationship with the Duke Ellington orchestra, working as a pianist, arranger and conductor through the late 1960s and 1970s

 

Ella Fitzgerald - Her Duke Ellington Songbook placed Ellington firmly in the canon known as the Great American Songbook, and the 1960s saw Fitzgerald and the 'Duke' meet on the Côte d'Azur for the 1966 album Ella and Duke at the Cote D'Azur, and in Sweden for The Stockholm Concert, 1966.

 

Aaron Bell - In 1960 he left Hayes' band after being offered a position in the Duke Ellington Orchestra, opposite drummer Sam Woodyard


1961

Roger Guerin - He worked on the soundtrack to the film "Paris Blues" in 1961 with Duke Ellington


1962

Max Roach - In 1962, he recorded the album Money Jungle, a collaboration with Mingus and Duke Ellington.


1963

He wrote an original score for director Michael Langham's production of Shakespeare's Timon of Athens at the Stratford Festival in Ontario, Canada which opened on July 29, 1963. add something

 

Alice Babs - A long and productive period of collaboration with Duke Ellington started in 1963

 

Sonny Stitt - Stitt recorded with Duke Ellington alumnus Paul Gonsalves in 1963 for Impulse/ on the Salt And Pepper album in 1963.


1964

Major Holley - A prolific studio musician, he played with Duke Ellington in 1964 and with the Kenny Burrell Trio, Coleman Hawkins, Lee Konitz, Roy Eldridge, Michel Legrand, Milt Buckner, Jay McShann and Quincy Jones in the 1960s and 1970s

 

Charlie Barnet - In September 1964, Barnet arranged a private party for his musical hero, Duke Ellington and orchestra to play at Palm Springs' San Jacinto country club


1965

Ellington was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1965, but was turned down. add something

 

Giddins remarks that in 1965 Ellington was denied the Pulitzer because the Pulitzer jury commended him for his body of work rather than for a particular composition, but his posthumous Pulitzer was granted precisely for that life-long body of work. add something


1966

Ellington was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1966. add something

 

Victor Gaskin - Between 1966 and 1970, he was a member of Cannonball Adderley's groups, and in 1970 recorded with Duke Ellington's octet, quintet, quartet and trio


1968

This concert was followed by two others of the same type in 1968 and 1973, known as the Second and Third Sacred Concerts. add something


1969

Ellington receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Nixon, 1969. add something

 

Joe Harriott - Also in 1969, Harriott made an appearance at Stan Tracey's Duke Ellington tribute concert, which was released as the album We Love You Madly on Columbia.


1970

Onzy Matthews - He undertook several collaborations with the Duke Ellington Orchestra through the 1970s as an arranger

 

Kenny Burrell - In the 1970s he began leading seminars about music, particularly Duke Ellington's.

 

Mulatu Astatke - In the early 1970s, Astatke brought his new sound, which he called Ethio-jazz, back to his homeland while continuing to work in the US. He collaborated with many notable artists in both countries, arranging and playing on recordings by Mahmoud Ahmed, and appearing as a special guest with Duke Ellington and his band during a tour of Ethiopia in 1973

 

Berklee College of Music - The school became Berklee College of Music in 1970 and bestowed its first honorary doctorate on Duke Ellington in 1971

 

Marshall Royal - When he left Basie in 1970, Royal settled permanently in Los Angeles, continuing to play and record, working with Bill Berry's big band, Frank Capp and Nat Pierce, Earl Hines, and Duke Ellington


1971

D from the Berklee College of Music in 1971, and the Legion of Honor by France in 1973, the highest civilian honors in each country. add something

 

Hoagy Carmichael - Carmichael was inducted into the USA's Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1971 along with Duke Ellington

 

Ben Webster - In 1971 Webster reunited with Duke Ellington and his big band for a couple of shows at the Tivoli Gardens in Denmark and he recorded 'live' in France with Earl Hines.


1973

Recordings of Duke Ellington were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old, and that have "qualitative or historical significance. add something

 

Ron Collier - Duke Ellington released an album "Collages" in 1973 with the Ron Collier orchestra

 

Billy Eckstine - His friend Duke Ellington recalled Eckstine's artistry in his 1973 autobiography "Music is My Mistress": "Eckstine-style love songs opened new lines of communication for the man in the man-woman merry-go-round, and blues a la B were the essence of cool

 

Barrie Lee Hall, Jr. - Hall joined the Duke Ellington Orchestra June 8, 1973


1974

Although he made two more stage appearances before his death, Ellington performed what is considered his final "full" concert in a ballroom at Northern Illinois University on March 20, 1974. add something

 

Although he made two more stage appearances before his death, Ellington performed what is considered his final "full" concert in a ballroom at Northern Illinois University on March 20, 1974 add something

 

Ellington died from lung cancer and pneumonia on May 24, 1974, a month after his 75th birthday add something

 

Onzy Matthews - He co-wrote an unrecorded composition with Ellington, "Just a Gentle Word from You Will Do." After Duke Ellington's death in 1974 Matthews eventually had a disagreement with Mercer Ellington in 1979, and later had to settle a pay dispute with Ellington's son arising from Matthews' uncredited arrangements on the 1996 Musicmasters Records CD release "Only God Can Make A Tree

 

Adelaide Hall - This was followed by theatre tours and concert appearances; she sang at Duke Ellington's memorial service at St Martin-in-the-Fields in 1974, and presented a one-woman show at Carnegie Hall in October 1988

 

Toshiko Akiyoshi - When Duke Ellington died in 1974, Nat Hentoff wrote in The Village Voice about how Ellington's music reflected his African heritage.


1978

Privately made by Jack Towers and Dick Burris, these recordings were first legitimately issued in 1978 as "Duke Ellington at Fargo, 1940 Live"; they are among the earliest of innumerable live performances which survive add something


1979

Edward Wilkerson - His most ambitious project, Shadow Vignettes, was initiated in 1979; with 25 musicians and incorporating dance, poetry, and visual arts, the ensemble's influences include the big band work of Muhal Richard Abrams, Duke Ellington, Count_Basie, and Sun Ra


1980

John A. Williams - In the early 1980s, Williams and the composer and flautist Leslie Burrs, with the agreement of Mercer Ellington, started to collaborate on the completion of "Queenie Pie", an opera by Duke Ellington that had been left unfinished at his death

 

Carmen McRae - Performing with Duke Ellington's at the North Sea Jazz Festival in 1980, singing "Don't Get Around Much Anymore", and at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1989


 

"Sophisticated Ladies", an award-winning 1981 musical revue, incorporated many tunes from Ellington's repertoire add something

 

Belita - She appeared briefly on the ice at Madison Square Garden in New York City in 1981 in a short production based on "Solitude" by Duke Ellington


1982

McHenry Boatwright - He produced the Duke Ellington Sacred Concerts performed in New York and London in 1982


1983

Clare Fischer - Classical concert artist Richard Stoltzman commissioned him in 1983 to write a symphonic work using Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn themes


1988

Alec Dankworth - Dankworth recorded Duke Ellington's "Black, Brown, and Beige" with violinist Nigel Kennedy in 1988, with whom he performed Antonio Vivaldi's "The Four Seasons"


1989

Gunther Schuller wrote in 1989: "Ellington composed incessantly to the very last days of his life add something

 

Gregory Charles Royal - Royal returned to New York in 1989 after being summoned by the Duke Ellington Orchestra to tour Japan


1992

Herlin Riley - He performed music by Duke Ellington on the first Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra U.S. tour in 1992


1993

Kathleen Battle - In December 1993 she was joined by Martin Katz and Kenny Barron on piano and Grady Tate , Grover Washington, Jr. and David Williams at Carnegie Hall for a concert featuring the music of Handel, Haydn, and Duke Ellington as well as Christmas spirituals


1996

Mercer Ellington, who had already been handling all administrative aspects of his father's business for several decades, led the Orchestra until his own death in 1996 add something

 

Started in 1996 at Jazz at Lincoln Center, the festival is named after Ellington because of the large focus that the festival places on his works add something

 

Onzy Matthews - Onzy Matthews had a last set of tours and concerts in Europe and Dallas, conducting his own music and that of Duke Ellington in 1996-97; an interview by the "Dallas Observer" three months before his death outlined his musical career

 

Barrie Lee Hall, Jr. - When Mercer Ellington died in 1996, Hall conducted the Duke Ellington Orchestra for one year after and remained the replacement director when Paul Ellington was unable to perform


1997

A large memorial to Ellington, created by sculptor Robert Graham, was dedicated in 1997 in New York's Central Park, near Fifth Avenue and 110th Street, an intersection named Duke Ellington Circle add something

 

Tony Rich - Rich portrayed the legendary Edward Duke Ellington in the 1997 crime drama "Hoodlum"


1999

His reputation increased after his death and the Pulitzer Prize Board bestowed on him a special posthumous honor in 1999 add something

 

Not until 1999 was the concert recording properly released for the first time add something

 

Orrin Keepnews - In the CD era Keepnews continued to be responsible for extensive reissue compilations, including the Duke Ellington 24CD RCA Centennial set in 1999 and Riverside's Keepnews Editions series


2001

Kenny Burrell - In 2001, Burrell performed "C Jam Blues" with Medeski, Martin & Wood for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington, which raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease.

 

Don Byron - In 2001, Byron performed "Bli Blip" for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington, which raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease.

 

Ron Carter - In 2001, Carter collaborated with Black Star and John Patton to record "Money Jungle" for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Red Hot Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington.

 

Talib Kweli - In 2001, Kweli with Black Star partner Mos Def contributed to the Red Hot Indigo compilation album created by the Red Hot Organization in tribute to Duke Ellington, that raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease.

 

Clark Terry - In 2001, he again recorded for the Red Hot Organization with artist Amel Larrieux for the compilation album Red Hot Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington.


2002

In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed Duke Ellington on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans add something


2004

Joe Sample - His 2004 album on Verve, "Soul Shadows", paid tribute to Duke Ellington and Jelly Roll Morton, and pre-jazz bandleader James Reese Europe


2007

Mike Westbrook - Further works of note include 'On Duke's Birthday' which was dedicated to the memory of Duke Ellington, which was reissued on CD in the summer of 2007, 'Big Band Rossini' which was featured in the 1992 BBC Proms and , commissioned by BBC Radio 3, which brings together jazz and classical musicians in the New Westbrook Orchestra


2009

On February 24, 2009, the United States Mint launched a new coin featuring Duke Ellington, making him the first African American to appear by himself on a circulating U.S. coin add something

 

Jaki Graham - Due to the success of this show , Graham went on to perform Duke Ellington's songs on 12 March 2010


2010

In 2010 the triangular park, across the street from Duke Ellington's birth site, at the intersection of New Hampshire and M Streets, NW was named the Duke Ellington Park add something

 

Thelonious Monk - As of 2010, he is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of "Time", along with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Wynton_Marsalis, and Dave Brubeck


2012

In 2012, the new owner of the building commissioned a mural by Aniekan Udofia that appears above the lettering "Duke Ellington" add something