Edward Heath

Knowledge Identifier: +Edward_Heath

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Edward Heath

British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and as Leader of the Conservative Party add

Category: Politics

Born in 1916.

Countries: United Kingdom (75%), (4%), United States (3%)

Main connections: Harold Wilson, Enoch Powell, Iain Macleod

Linked to: Conservative Party, Liberal Party, Ulster Unionist Party, European Economic Community

 

Timeline


 

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Edward Heath was born in 1916 add something


1935

He was educated at Chatham House Grammar School in Ramsgate and in 1935 with the aid of a county scholarship he went up to study at Balliol College, Oxford add something


1937

His opposition to appeasement was nourished by his witnessing first-hand a Nuremberg Rally in 1937, where he met top Nazis Hermann Göring, Joseph Goebbels and Heinrich Himmler at an SS cocktail party add something

 

In 1937-38 he was chairman of the national Federation of University Conservative Associations, and in the same year he was Secretary Librarian of the Oxford Union add something

 

In June 1937 he was elected President of the Oxford University Conservative Association as a pro-Spanish-Republican candidate, in opposition to the pro-Franco John Stokes add something


1938

Spanish Civil War - In 1938 he visited Barcelona , under attack from Spanish Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War add something

 

In his final year Heath was President of Balliol College Junior Common Room, an office held in subsequent years by his near-contemporaries Denis Healey and Roy Jenkins, and as such was invited to support the Master of Balliol Alexander Lindsay, who stood as an anti-appeasement 'Independent Progressive' candidate against the official Conservative candidate, Quintin Hogg, in the Oxford by-election, 1938 add something

 

Heath, who had himself applied to be the Conservative candidate for the by-election, accused the government in an October Union Debate of "turning all four cheeks" to Hitler, and was elected as President of the Oxford Union in November 1938, sponsored by Balliol, after winning the Presidential Debate that "This House has No Confidence in the National Government as presently constituted" add something


1939

A talented musician, he won the college's organ scholarship in his first term which enabled him to stay at the university for a fourth year; he eventually graduated with a Second Class Honours BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1939 add something

 

He was thus President in Hilary Term 1939; the visiting Leo Amery described him in his diaries as "a pleasant youth" add something

 

In the summer of 1939 he again travelled across Germany, returning to England just before the declaration of war add something


1941

During the war he initially served with heavy anti-aircraft guns around Liverpool and by early 1942 was regimental adjutant, with the rank of Captain add something


1944

North-West Europe Campaign of 1944-1945 - Later, by a Major commanding a battery of his own, he provided artillery support in the North-West Europe Campaign of 1944-1945 add something


1945

It was the only occasion since 1945 in which one party with a working majority had been replaced in a single election by another party with a working majority add something

 

In September 1945 he commanded a firing squad that executed a Polish soldier convicted of rape and murder add something


1946

After demobilisation as a Lieutenant-colonel in August 1946, Heath joined the Honourable Artillery Company, in which he remained active throughout the 1950s, rising to Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion; a portrait of him in full dress uniform still hangs in the HAC's Long Room add something


1947

He resigned in November 1947 after his adoption as the prospective parliamentary candidate for Bexley add something


1948

After working as Editor of the "Church Times" from 1948 to 1949, Heath worked as a management trainee at the merchant bankers Brown, Shipley & Co. until his election as Member of Parliament for Bexley in the February 1950 general election add something


1950

He was first elected in the 1950 general election, for Bexley and was government Chief Whip during the 1950s add something

 

Heath had been expected to marry childhood friend Kay Raven, who reportedly tired of waiting and married an RAF officer whom she met on holiday in 1950 add something

 

Heath made his maiden speech in the House of Commons on 26 June 1950, in which he appealed to the Labour Government to participate in the Schuman Plan add something


1951

He remained in the Whip's Office after the Conservatives won the 1951 general election, rising rapidly to Joint Deputy Chief Whip, Deputy Chief Whip and, in December 1955, Government Chief Whip under Anthony Eden add something

 

In February 1951, Heath was appointed as an Opposition Whip by Winston Churchill add something


1955

Reginald Maudling - He had been spoken of as a prospective Conservative leader since 1955, and was twice seriously considered for the post; he was Edward Heath's chief rival in 1965


1956

Anthony Kershaw - Secretary of State for War - He became private secretary to the Secretary of State for War, Antony Head, in 1956, and became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Edward Heath in 1963, when Heath was Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development and President of the Board of Trade


1957

This report favoured Harold Macmillan and was instrumental in eventually securing Macmillan the premiership in January 1957 add something


1959

Entering the Cabinet as Minister of Labour in 1959, he was Lord Privy Seal responsible for Macmillan's unsuccessful EEC entry negotiations, President of the Board of Trade add something

 

Macmillan later appointed Heath Minister of Labour, a Cabinet Minister - as Chief Whip Heath had attended Cabinet but had not been formally a member - after winning the October 1959 election add something


1960

In 1960 Macmillan appointed Heath Lord Privy Seal with responsibility for the negotiations to secure the UK's first attempt to join the Common Market add something

 

In the 1960s Heath had lived at a flat in the Albany, off Piccadilly; at the unexpected end of his premiership he took the flat of a Conservative MP Tim Kitson for some months add something

 

Conservative Party (UK) - Though the principal architect of the UK's entry into the European Communities was Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, and both Winston Churchill and Harold Macmillan favoured some form of European union, the bulk of contemporary Conservative opinion is opposed to closer economic and particularly political union with the EU. This is a noticeable shift in British politics, as in the 1960s and 1970s the Conservatives were more pro-Europe than the Labour Party


1961

Harold Wilson - An entry attempt had been issued in July 1961 by the Macmillan government, and negotiated by Edward Heath as Lord Privy Seal, but was vetoed in 1963 by French President Charles de Gaulle


1963

After extensive negotiations, involving detailed agreements about the UK's agricultural trade with Commonwealth countries such as New Zealand, British entry was vetoed by the French President, Charles de Gaulle, at a press conference in January 1963 - much to the disappointment of Heath, who was a firm supporter of European common market membership for the United Kingdom add something

 

After this setback, a major humiliation for Macmillan's foreign policy, Heath was not a contender for the party leadership on Macmillan's retirement in October 1963 add something


1964

After the Conservative Party lost the general election of 1964, the defeated Home changed the party leadership rules to allow for an MP ballot vote, and resigned add something

 

His Labour predecessor as prime minister, Harold Wilson, had inherited an unemployment count of around 400,000 at the time of his general election win of October 1964 but seen unemployment peak at 631,000 during the spring of 1967, though it had fallen to 582,000 by the time Heath seized power in June 1970 add something


1965

In 1965 Heath won the leadership of the Conservative Party against Reginald Maudling and Enoch Powell add something

 

Keith Stainton - Edward Heath made him opposition spokesman on aviation in 1965

 

Paul Channon, Baron Kelvedon - In opposition, Conservative leader Edward Heath appointed Channon as a spokesman on public building and works in 1965, and on arts in 1967

 

Iain Macleod - Macleod did not contest the first ever party leadership election in 1965, but backed Edward Heath

 

Enoch Powell - In July 1965, he stood in the first-ever party leadership election but came a distant third to Edward Heath, obtaining only 15 votes, just below the result Hugh Fraser would gain in the 1975 contest


1966

Heath became the Tories' youngest leader and retained office after the party's defeat in the general election of 1966 add something

 

The general election of 1966 saw the Labour government of Harold Wilson achieve a large increase in seats, however Heath remained Conservative leader add something

 

Keith Hampson - He was a personal assistant to Edward Heath in the 1966 general election


1968

Heath sacked Enoch Powell from the Shadow Cabinet in April 1968, shortly after Powell made his inflammatory "Rivers of Blood" speech which criticised Commonwealth immigration to the United Kingdom add something


1969

He bought his first yacht "Morning Cloud" in 1969 and won the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race that year add something

 

Percy Cradock - Back in London , Cradock became head of the Planning Staff of the Foreign Office from 1969 to 1971, and an Under-Secretary and head of the Assessments Staff of the Cabinet Office, serving under two Prime Ministers, firstly, Sir Edward Heath, and secondly, Harold Wilson

 

Rudi Dutschke - He was accepted at Cambridge University to finish his degree in 1969, but in 1971 the Conservative government under Edward Heath expelled him and his family as an "undesirable alien" who had engaged in "subversive activity", causing a political storm in London

 

John Davies (businessman) - In 1969 Davies was recruited by Edward Heath to join his government once he won the next election


1970

Bernard Levin wrote at the time in "The Observer" that "an ironical comment" on the permissive society was that the UK had had to wait until the 1970s for a prime minister who was a virgin add something

 

But Heath's Conservative Party won the general election of 1970 - 330 seats to Labour's 288 add something

 

Heath became Prime Minister after winning the 1970 general election add something

 

Heath's time in office was as difficult as that of all British prime ministers in the 1970s add something

 

The Centre for Policy Studies, a Conservative group closely involved with the 1970 Selsdon document, began to formulate a new monetarist and free-market policy, initially led by Sir Keith Joseph add something

 

The day after his death the BBC Parliament channel showed the BBC results coverage of the 1970 election add something

 

Upon entering office in June 1970, Heath immediately set about trying to reverse Wilson's policy of ending Britain's military presence East of Suez add something

 

The government suffered an early blow with the death of Chancellor of the Exchequer Iain Macleod on 20 July 1970; his replacement was Anthony Barber add something

 

Victor Goodhew - Although he held right-wing views he supported hanging, supported Enoch Powell's views on immigration, and supported closer links with the white regimes in Rhodesia and South Africa he served as a government whip under Ted Heath in the early 1970s

 

Harold Wilson - Economic conditions during the 1970s were becoming more difficult for the UK and many other western economies as a result of the ending of the Bretton Woods Agreement and the 1973 oil shock, and the Heath government in its turn was buffeted by economic adversity and industrial unrest towards the end of 1973, and on 7 February 1974 Heath called a snap election for 28 February

 

Margaret Thatcher - Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government

 

Carol Mather - Elected at the 1970 general election, he disagreed almost immediately with Prime Minister Edward Heath's course of joining the European Economic Community

 

James Callaghan - Following Wilson's unexpected defeat by Edward Heath in the 1970 General Election, Callaghan declined to challenge him for the leadership despite Wilson's vulnerability

 

Alec Douglas-Home - From 1970 to 1974 he served in the cabinet of Edward Heath as Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, an expanded version of the post of Foreign Secretary, which he had held earlier

 

John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil - He became Minister of Transport in the government of Edward Heath after the 1970 general election, one of six Monday Club MP members to achieve high office

 

Michael Noble, Baron Glenkinglas - He returned to government as President of the Board of Trade in 1970 and as Minister for Trade from 1970 to 1972 under Edward Heath

 

Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell - He served as Attorney General during the government of Edward Heath, from 1970 to 1974

 

Anthony Grant (British politician) - He served as a junior Minister for Industrial Development and Trade in the Heath government of 1970 to 1974

 

Eldon Griffiths - He served as a junior minister for Environment and Sport during the Edward Heath government of 1970 to 1974

 

William van Straubenzee - He served in Edward Heath's government as junior minister for Education and Science from 1970 to 1972, and Northern Ireland minister from 1972 to 1974

 

Niall Macpherson, 1st Baron Drumalbyn - He was once again a member of the government as Minister without Portfolio under Edward Heath from 1970 to 1974

 

Labour Party (UK) - Labour went on to lose the 1970 election to the Conservatives under Edward Heath

 

David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles - Lord Eccles returned to the government in 1970 when Edward Heath appointed him Paymaster-General and Minister for the Arts, a post he held until 1973

 

European Economic Community - Negotiations began in 1970 under the pro-European government of Edward Heath, who had to deal with disagreements relating to the Common Agricultural Policy and the UK's relationship with the Commonwealth of Nations

 

Conservative Party (UK) - One-nation conservatism was the party's dominant ideology in the 20th century until the rise of Thatcherism in the 1970s, and included in its ranks Conservative Prime Ministers such as Stanley Baldwin, Harold Macmillan and Edward Heath

 

Old Bexley and Sidcup (UK Parliament constituency) - Sir Edward Heath, , held this seat and its predecessors from 1950 until 2001 when he retired; at the age of 85 he was by now the nation's oldest member of parliament

 

Dudley Smith - Smith served as a junior minister for the British Army and Employment during the Edward Heath government of 1970 to 1974

 

Margaret Thatcher - The Conservative party under Edward Heath won the 1970 general election, and Thatcher was subsequently appointed Secretary of State for Education and Science

 

Open University - The election of the new Conservative Party government under Prime Minister Edward Heath in 1970 led to budget cuts under Chancellor of the Exchequer Iain Macleod

 

Bertram Bowyer, 2nd Baron Denham - Upon the Conservatives return to power at the 1970 general election, he was once again made a whip under Edward Heath

 

Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone - When Edward Heath won the 1970 general election he received a life peerage as "'Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone"', of Herstmonceaux in the County of Sussex, and became Lord Chancellor

 

Peter Michael Kirk - When the Conservatives regained power in 1970, Prime Minister Edward Heath appointed him as Under-Secretary for Defence for the Royal Navy from 1970 to 1973

 

Victor Goodhew - When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970, Ted Heath appointed Goodhew as an Assistant Government Whip in June 1970, and he was promoted to a full government whip, as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, in October 1970

 

Iain Macleod - On 20 June 1970, two days after the Conservative Party's election victory, Macleod was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer by Prime Minister Edward Heath

 

John Davies (businessman) - He later went into politics and served in the Cabinet of Edward Heath as the first Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, a position which he held from October 1970 to 4 November 1972

 

Secretary of State for International Development - Under Edward Heath, the Ministry was re-incorporated into the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on 15 October 1970


1971

Heath attempted to curb union power with the Industrial Relations Act 1971, and had hoped to deregulate the economy and make a transfer from direct to indirect taxation add something

 

In 1971, Heath oversaw the decimalisation of British coinage and in 1972, he implemented major reform to the UK's system of local government add something

 

In early 1971 Heath sent in a Secret Intelligence Service officer, Frank Steele, to talk to the Provisional Irish Republican Army and find out what common ground there was for negotiations add something

 

In April 1971, as Prime Minister, he wore his lieutenant-colonel's insignia to inspect troops add something

 

Heath conducted the London Symphony Orchestra, notably at a gala concert at the Royal Festival Hall in November 1971, at which he conducted Sir Edward Elgar's overture "Cockaigne " add something

 

Peregrine Worsthorne - After the publication of the Heath Government's 1971 White Paper, he wrote in a "Daily Telegraph" column that the "Europeans" deserved to win in the battle over British entry

 

Vic Feather - As General Secretary, Feather led the British trade union movement's fight against Heath government's Industrial Relations Act 1971

 

Laurance Reed - In September, 1971, in a telegram to the prime minister of the day, Edward Heath, Reed proposed the forcible repatriation of citizens of the Republic of Ireland living in the UK as a means of persuading the Irish premier, Jack Lynch, to act against terrorists

 

Bob Mellish, Baron Mellish - Mellish was in favour of Britain's entry into the Common Market but voted to oppose Edward Heath's policy of entry in 1971, in accordance with Labour Party policy

 

Robert Shirley, 13th Earl Ferrers - When the Conservatives were returned to power under Edward Heath, he once again served as a Lord-in-Waiting from 1971 to 1974, serving as a Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture,_Fisheries_and_Food (Ministry_of_Agriculture,_Fisheries_and_Food_(United_Kingdom)) at the beginning of 1974

 

Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell - Bethell won a libel suit, but was forced to resign as a whip in January 1971 to pursue the litigation, and the controversy denied him a place on Edward Heath's list of Conservative candidates to be appointed to the European Parliament

 

Upper Clyde Shipbuilders - In February 1971, in the wake of the emergency nationalisation of Rolls-Royce Limited, the Conservative government under Edward Heath and the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, John Davies, announced a policy that refused further state-support for "lame duck" industries, which led to a crisis of confidence amongst UCS creditors and resulted in severe cash flow problems for the company

 

Eric Heffer - He voted with the majority of the Labour Party against endorsing the Heath government's application in October 1971


1972

Especially damaging to the government's credibility were the two miners' strikes of 1972 and 1974, the latter of which resulted in much of the country's industry working a Three-Day Week in an attempt to conserve energy add something

 

However rising unemployment in 1972 caused Heath to reflate the economy at the cost of high inflation, which he attempted to control by prices and incomes policy add something

 

On Bloody Sunday in 1972, 14 men were killed by British soldiers during a civil rights march in Derry add something

 

This was a two-range process involving the budgets of 1972 and 1973, the former of which pumped £2,5 billion into the economy in increased pensions and benefits and tax reductions add something

 

Two miners' strikes, in 1972 and 1974, proved damaging to the government, with the latter causing the implementation of the Three-Day Week to conserve energy add something

 

In January 1972, it was officially confirmed that unemployment had risen above 1,000,000 - a level not seen for more than 30 years add something

 

He publicly supported the massive US bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong in April 1972 add something

 

In July 1972, Heath permitted his Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, William Whitelaw, to hold unofficial talks in London with a Provisional Irish Republican Army delegation by Seán Mac Stiofáin add something

 

George Gardiner (politician) - Although a right-winger, Gardiner was a Heath loyalist after the 1972 economic u-turn to fiscally stretch to combat rising unemployment, producing the Barber boom by injecting more spending yet cutting taxes, and after the party's loss of government at the February 1974 general election but after another party defeat in the October 1974 election he concluded that Heath must resign, and sought a replacement within the Conservative Party

 

Cranley Onslow - He would later serve as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Aerospace from 1972 to 1974 in Edward Heath's government

 

Peter Rees, Baron Rees - In Edward Heath's government, he served from 1972 to 1973 as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Solicitor General, Michael Havers

 

Norman Lamont, Baron Lamont of Lerwick - In his memoirs, Lamont wrote that he was "horrified" when Ted Heath in 1972 announced Britain that it was accepting the Werner Plan for monetary union

 

Robin Chichester-Clark - When Edward Heath suspended the Stormont Government and Parliament in 1972, he asked Chichester-Clark to go with William Whitelaw to Northern Ireland as Minister of State


1973

Sunningdale Agreement - The 1973 Sunningdale Agreement, which proposed a power-sharing deal, was strongly repudiated by many Unionists and the Ulster Unionist Party who withdrew its MPs at Westminster from the Conservative whip, The proposal was finally brought down by the Loyalist Ulster Workers' Council strike in 1974 add something

 

Heath took the United Kingdom into the European Community in 1973 add something

 

In foreign policy, Heath took the UK into the European Economic Community in 1973 add something

 

Noncontributory pensions were introduced for all persons aged eighty and above, while in 1973, a new Social Security Act was passed which introduced benefit indexation in the United Kingdom for the first time by index-linking benefits to prices to maintain their real value add something

 

In October 1973, he placed a British arms embargo on all combatants in the Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur war, which mostly affected the Israelis by preventing them obtaining spares for their Centurion tanks add something

 

Michael Swann - He was chairman of the BBC from 1973 to 1980 having been appointed by Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, who admired his strong leadership during student protests at Edinburgh University

 

Douglas Dodds-Parker - He was knighted in 1973, after Edward Heath sent him to Strasbourg as part of the first British delegation in the European Parliament

 

Nicholas Ridley, Baron Ridley of Liddesdale - In 1973, he formed the Selsdon Group, which was opposed to the abandonment of the radical 1970 manifesto by Edward Heath

 

Oscar Murton, Baron Murton of Lindisfarne - Murton was a government whip under Edward Heath and later a Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons from 1973 to 1979

 

Lonmin - Prime Minister, Edward Heath, criticised the company, describing it in the House of Commons in 1973 as "an unpleasant and unacceptable face of capitalism


1974

By early 1974, as a result of this Keynesian economic strategy, unemployment had fallen to under 550,000 add something

 

He favoured links with the China, visiting Mao Zedong in Beijing in 1974 and 1975 and remaining an honoured guest in China on frequent visits thereafter and forming a close relationship with Mao's successor Deng Xiaoping add something

 

Unusually for someone who lived in the South of England, Heath was a supporter of the Lancashire football club Burnley, and just after the end of his term as prime minister in 1974 he opened the £450,000 Bob Lord Stand at the club's Turf Moor stadium add something

 

The general election in February 1974, an attempt to win a public mandate to face down the miners' wage demands, resulted in a hung parliament add something

 

Heath tried to bolster his government by calling a general election for 28 February 1974, using the election slogan "Who governs Britain-" add something

 

Heath began negotiations with Jeremy Thorpe, leader of the Liberal Party but, when these failed, he resigned as Prime Minister on 4 March 1974, and was replaced by Wilson's minority Labour government, eventually confirmed, though with a tiny majority, in a second election in October of the same year add something

 

In December 1974, the Balcombe Street ASU threw a bomb onto the first-floor balcony of his home in Wilton Street, Belgravia where it exploded add something

 

State of emergency - A state of emergency had been last invoked in 1974 by Prime Minister Edward Heath in response to increasing industrial action

 

Paul Bryan - Bryan was one of the first Tory MPs after the Labour victories of 1974 to suggest openly that it was time for Edward Heath to go

 

Robert McCrindle - For seven days he was a Parliamentary Private Secretary to Mark Carlisle, a Home Office minister in the last days of the Heath government of 1974, but otherwise spent his career as a back-bencher

 

Timothy Kitson - Kitson received a knighthood in Edward Heath's resignation honours list in 1974

 

Elections in the United Kingdom - The most recent Prime Ministers who, having failed to win a majority, opted not to resign immediately are Edward Heath, in 1974 and Gordon Brown in 2010

 

John Biggs-Davison - In January 1974, Biggs-Davison asked Edward Heath if the Monday Club's latest policy document would be given proper consideration by the party, to which Heath replied that "due consideration would be given to it"

 

Elizabeth II - In February 1974, British Prime Minister Edward Heath called a general election in the middle of the Queen's tour of the Austronesian Pacific Rim and she had to fly back to Britain, interrupting the tour.

 

Liberal Party (UK) - In the February 1974 general election the Conservative government of Edward Heath won a plurality of votes cast, but the Labour Party gained a plurality of seats due to the Ulster Unionist MPs refusing to support the Conservatives after the Northern Ireland Sunningdale Agreement

 

Harold Wilson - When Labour won more seats than the Conservative Party in February 1974 and Heath was unable to persuade the Liberals to form a coalition, Wilson returned to 10 Downing Street on 4 March 1974 as Prime Minister of a minority Labour Government

 

Edward du Cann - Following two narrow defeats for the Conservatives at the polls in February and October 1974, significant disquiet in the party had developed over the leadership of Edward Heath, who had at that point lost three elections as leader


1975

At the time of his defeat he was still popular with rank and file Conservative members and was warmly applauded at the 1975 Party Conference add something

 

He campaigned in the 1975 referendum in which Britain voted to remain part of the EEC and remained active on the international stage, serving on the Brandt Commission investigation into developmental issues, particularly on North-South projects add something

 

In 1975 however, his former Education and Science Secretary Margaret Thatcher defeated Heath for leadership of the party add something

 

On 4 February 1975, Thatcher defeated Heath in the first ballot by 130 votes to 119, with Fraser coming in a distant third with 16 votes add something

 

Hugh Fraser (politician) - He was an unsuccessful candidate in the Conservative Party's 1975 leadership election, gaining 16 votes in the first round challenging incumbent Edward Heath, with the leadership eventually being won by Margaret Thatcher

 

John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil - In 1975, he sought to become leader of the Conservative Party, standing in the second ballot after Margaret Thatcher defeated Edward Heath in the first ballot

 

David Knox (UK politician) - He became President of the Macleod Group, and in that position issued a statement in January 1975 supporting Edward Heath as Conservative leader


1976

Montezuma (opera) - Former British Prime Minister Edward Heath, after hearing the US premiere in Boston in 1976, said "I found it fascinating


1979

Nonetheless after the 1979 general election he was offered, and declined, the post of British Ambassador to the United States add something

 

Rose Bruford College and Bird College are both situated in Sidcup, and a purpose built facility for the latter was officially opened by Heath in 1979 add something


1980

His Industrial Relations Act set up a special court under the judge Lord Donaldson, whose imprisonment of striking dockworkers was a public relations disaster that the Thatcher Government of the 1980s would take pains to avoid repeating add something

 

Enoch Powell - Powell's speeches and TV interviews throughout his political life displayed a suspicion towards "the Establishment" in general, and by the 1980s there was a regular expectation that he would make some sort of speech or act in a way designed to upset the government and ensure he would not be offered a life peerage , which, some believe, he had no intention of accepting so long as Edward Heath sat in the Commons


1985

In February 1985 Heath moved to Salisbury, where he resided until his death over 20 years later add something


1986

Dandy Nichols - Perhaps her finest hour - in an episode shown by the BBC in tribute to Dandy in 1986 - was when, in 1974, Else took a leaf out of Prime Minister Edward Heath's book and went on a "three day week", forcing Alf to fend for and feed himself on her days off


1987

Although he left the House of Commons in 1987 he continued to follow political life and it was always a pleasure to meet with him add something

 

In 1987 he was nominated in the election for the Chancellorship of the University of Oxford but lost to Roy Jenkins as a result of splitting the Conservative vote with Lord Blake add something


1988

In 1988, Heath recorded Beethoven's Triple Concerto, Op. 56 and Boccherini's Cello Concerto in G major, G480 add something


1990

In 1990 he flew to Baghdad to attempt to negotiate the release of aircraft passengers and other British nationals taken hostage when Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait add something


1992

After Black Wednesday in 1992 he stated in the House of Commons that government should build a fund of reserves to counter currency speculators add something

 

Heath was created a Knight of the Garter on 23 April 1992 add something


1993

John Campbell, who published a biography of Heath in 1993, devoted four pages to a discussion of the evidence concerning Heath's sexuality add something

 

The 1993 bronze work, by Martin Jennings, was moved to the Members' Lobby in 2002 add something


1994

Heath did not divide Britain into regions, choosing instead to await the report of the Crowther Commission on the constitution; the ten Government Office Regions were eventually set up by the Major government in 1994 add something


1997

The Sun (United Kingdom) - In February 1997 it told Sir Edward Heath to stand down for supporting a National Minimum wage


1998

Good Friday Agreement - Much of what was contained in the Sunningdale Agreement found its way into the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, which was once described by the deputy leader of the SDLP, Seamus Mallon, as "Sunningdale for slow learners", a reference to the failed power-sharing deal of 1973 add something

 

In a 1998 TV interview with Michael Cockerell, Heath admitted that he had kept her photograph in his flat for many years afterwards add something


2001

He retired as an MP in 2001 and died in 2005 add something


2002

On 29 April 2002, in his 86th year, he made a public appearance at Buckingham Palace alongside the prime minister Tony Blair and the three other surviving former prime ministers, as well as relatives of deceased prime ministers, for a dinner which was part of the Queen's Golden Jubilee celebrations add something


2003

In August 2003, at the age of 87, Heath suffered a pulmonary embolism while on holiday in Salzburg add something


2004

His last ever public appearance was at the unveiling of a set of gates to Winston Churchill at St Paul's Cathedral on 30 November 2004 add something


Edward Heath died in 2005 add something

 

Heath paid tribute to James Callaghan who died on 26 March 2005, saying that "James Callaghan was a major fixture in the political life of this country during his long and varied career add something

 

Heath died from pneumonia on the evening of 17 July 2005, at the age of 89 add something

 

He was cremated on 25 July 2005 at a funeral service attended by 1,500 people add something

 

A memorial service was held for Heath in Westminster Abbey on 8 November 2005 which was attended by two thousand people add something

 

John Profumo - His last appearance was at the memorial service for Sir Edward Heath on 8 November 2005


2006

In January 2006, it was announced that Heath had left £5 million in his will, most of it to a charitable foundation to conserve his 18th century house, "Arundells", opposite Salisbury Cathedral as a museum to his career add something

 

Samuel West - In 2006 he took the lead role in a BBC production of "Random Quest" adapted from the short story by John Wyndham and the next year played Ted Heath in "Margaret Thatcher - The Long Walk to Finchley", for the BBC. In 2010 he played Peter Scabius in the televised adaptation of William Boyd's novel "Any Human Heart", while in 2011 he starred as Zak Gist in the ITV series "Eternal Law"


2008

Heath's hobby is referred to in the 2008 film "The Bank Job" where it is said that the Prime Minister himself may meet with the bank robbers "if you can drag him off his yacht" add something


2010

The Trustees of his will approached the Charity Commission for permission to sell the house and contents after it closed to the public in October 2010 because of a shortfall in the charity's income, despite rising visitor numbers add something


2011

The plans are still to sell the property but the house will be open on Saturdays, and Mondays to Wednesdays until 29 October 2011 add something


2014

In 2014, Jeremy Norman, owner of the chain 'Soho Gyms' and friend of Heath, claimed that Heath was "most likely gay" add something


2015

In August 2015 several police forces were investigating multiple allegations of child sexual abuse by Heath add something

 

The other person in August 2015 denied having any knowledge or making any threat add something

 

"The Guardian" , 5 August 2015 add something

 

Jonathan King - In August 2015 "The Spectator" published an article by King about former Prime Minister Edward Heath


2016

"The Times" reported in May 2016 that the IPCC had decided the claims of the former senior police officer were without any foundation add something

 

On 27 November 2016, "The Guardian" reported that a leading criminologist, Dr Rachel Hoskins, alleged that some of the evidence against Heath was "fantastical" add something


2017

In September 2017 it was announced that the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse would consider the police investigation into Heath add something

 

In October 2017, a Wiltshire Police report concluded that allegations, including the rape of a male child aged 11 and sexual assault against four other children and two adults, would have met the legal threshold for police to interview Heath under criminal caution had he still been alive add something

 

Wiltshire Police - In 2017 the force faced public criticism for its £1,5M investigation alleged sexual abuse by deceased prime minister Edward Heath


2019

Beech, who had fabricated allegations against Heath and other prominent politicians and civil servants, was sentenced in July 2019 to eighteen years in prison add something