Edward VIII

Knowledge Identifier: +Edward_VIII

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Edward VIII

King of the UK and the British Commonwealth and Emperor of India, during year 1936add

Category: Politics

Born in 1894.

Countries: United Kingdom (40%), United States (22%), France (9%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Wallis Simpson, William Lyon Mackenzie King, George V

Linked to: Buckingham Palace, White House, Britannia Royal Naval College, Liberal Party

 

Timeline


 

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Edward VIII was born on 23 June 1894 at White Lodge, Richmond Park, on the outskirts of London during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria. add something

 

He was baptised Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David in the Green Drawing Room of White Lodge on 16 July 1894, by Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury. add something


1901

When his parents travelled the British Empire for almost nine months following the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, young Edward and his siblings stayed in Britain with their grandparents, Queen Alexandra and King Edward VII, who showered their grandchildren with affection. add something


1902

The Duke was paid to write articles on the ceremony for the Sunday Express and Women's Home Companion, as well as a short book, The Crown and the People, 1902–1953. add something


1907

Edward took the examination to enter Osborne Naval College, and began there in 1907. add something


1910

Edward was created Prince of Wales a month later on his 16th birthday, on 23 June 1910, and the preparations began in earnest for his future duties as king. add something


1911

Edward was officially invested as Prince of Wales in a special ceremony at Caernarfon Castle on 13 July 1911. add something


1914

When the First World War (1914–18) broke out, Edward had reached the minimum age for active service and was keen to participate. add something

 

He had joined the Grenadier Guards in June 1914, and although Edward was willing to serve on the front lines, Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener refused to allow it, citing the immense harm that would occur if the heir to the throne were captured by the enemy. add something


1916

Despite this, Edward witnessed trench warfare firsthand and attempted to visit the front line as often as he could, for which he was awarded the Military Cross in 1916. add something

 

William Stephens - He was part of the general welcoming committee when Edward, Prince of Wales, arrived aboard the "HMS Renown" in San Diego Bay in 1920, during the future British monarch's first visit to California


1918

Letters From a Prince: Edward to Mrs Freda Dudley Ward 1918–1921. add something


1919

As Prince of Wales, Edward's arms were the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, differenced with a label of three points argent, with an inescutcheon representing Wales surmounted by a coronet. add something

 

He took a particular interest in visiting the poverty stricken areas of the country, and undertook 16 tours to various parts of the Empire between 1919 and 1935; during a tour of Canada in 1919, he acquired the Bedingfield ranch, near Pekisko, Alberta. add something


1920

Alfred Shaughnessy - He spent his early years living in Tennessee, and in 1920 his mother, Sarah Polk Bradford, married The Hon Sir Piers Legh and he became Equerry to the Prince of Wales, and the family moved to Norfolk Square in London

 

Morris DeHaven Tracy - "'Morris DeHaven Tracy"' was a prominent journalist of the 1920s and 1930s, who covered for the United Press wire service many of the important stories of the day, such as the Scopes Evolution Trial, the election of Pope Pius XII, and the tour of Canada of the Prince of Wales


1924

In 1924, he donated the Prince of Wales Trophy to the National Hockey League. add something


1928

Ingrid of Sweden - In 1928, Ingrid met the Prince of Wales and was seen by some as a possible wife for the heir-apparent to the British throne, who was her second cousin


1929

In 1929, Time magazine reported that Edward teased his new sister-in-law, Elizabeth, the wife of his younger brother Albert, by calling her "Queen Elizabeth". add something

 

United Grand Lodge of England - After a number of Labour MPs were blackballed from joining Masonic lodges, the Prince of Wales who was concerned by the potential conflict, intervened and had the New Welcome Lodge created for Labour members in 1929


1930

In 1930, George V gave Edward a home, Fort Belvedere, in Windsor Great Park. add something

 

Buick - In the 1930s Buicks were popular with the British royal family, particularly Edward VIII


1931

This too was rejected by the British Cabinet as well as other Dominion governments, whose views were sought pursuant to the Statute of Westminster 1931, which provided in part that "any alteration in the law touching the Succession to the Throne or the Royal Style and Titles shall hereafter require the assent as well of the Parliaments of all the Dominions as of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. add something

 

Irish Free State - Two examples of this are the signing of a treaty between the Irish_Free_State (Category:Former_Commonwealth_realms) and the Portuguese Republic in 1931, and the act recognising the abdication of King Edward VIII in 1936 separately from the recognition by the British Parliament


1935

Although King George V and Queen Mary met Simpson at Buckingham Palace in 1935, they later refused to receive her. add something


1936

The next day, the last act of his reign was the royal assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936. add something

 

King George V died on 20 January 1936, and Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VIII. The next day, he broke royal protocol by watching the proclamation of his own accession to the throne from a window in the company of the still-married Simpson. add something

 

Edward VIII surrounded by heralds of the College of Arms prior to his only State Opening of Parliament on the 3 November 1936. add something

 

On 16 November 1936, Edward invited Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin to Buckingham Palace and expressed his desire to marry Wallis Simpson when she became free to re-marry. add something

 

On 12 December 1936, at the Accession meeting of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, George VI announced he was to make his brother "His Royal Highness The Duke of Windsor". add something

 

On the night of 11 December 1936, Edward, now reverted to the style of prince, made a broadcast to the nation and the Empire, explaining his decision to abdicate. add something

 

Clarissa Eden, Countess of Avon - Attempting to defuse an argument between Churchill and Lord Beaverbrook about their respective motivation during the Abdication crisis of 1936, Lady Avon, just turned twenty-one, proclaimed with patent improbability that she had three favourites, King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, King Leopold III of Belgium and the aviator Charles Lindbergh

 

John Reith, 1st Baron Reith - In 1936 Reith directly oversaw the abdication broadcast of Edward VIII

 

George Grey Wornum - In 1936 he was asked by the Cities of Westminster and London to co-ordinate the street decorations for the Coronation of Edward VIII

 

Buckingham Palace - In 1936, the suite briefly became the private apartments of the palace when they were occupied by Edward VIII

 

Irish Free State - One major policy error occurred in 1936 when he attempted to use the abdication of King Edward VIII to abolish the crown and governor-general in the Free State with the "Constitution "

 

Edward VII of the United Kingdom - This so-called tradition of Sandringham Time continued until 1936, when it was abolished by Edward VIII

 

Edward VII - This so-called tradition of Sandringham Time continued until 1936, when it was abolished by Edward VIII

 

Abdication - To give legal effect to the abdication of King Edward VIII, His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 was passed

 

Wallis Simpson - On 20 January 1936, George V died at Sandringham and Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VIII. The next day, he broke royal protocol by watching the proclamation of his accession from a window of St James's Palace, in the company of the still-married Wallis

 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother - On 20 January 1936, King George V died and Albert's brother, Edward, Prince of Wales, became King Edward VIII

 

Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon - He was honoured by George V, not only by being appointed as the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports one of the higher honours bestowed by the sovereign and normally reserved for members of the Royal Family and former prime ministers but he was elevated once more in the peerage, being on 26 May 1936 created by Edward VIII as the Marquess of Willingdon, making him the last non-royal to be promoted to such a rank

 

Winston Churchill - In June 1936, Walter Monckton told Churchill that the rumours that King Edward VIII intended to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson were true.

 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother - Rather than abandon his plans to marry Mrs Simpson, he chose to abdicate in favour of Albert, who reluctantly became king in his place on 11 December 1936 under the regnal name of George VI. George VI and Elizabeth were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions, and Emperor and Empress of India on 12 May 1937, the date already nominated for the coronation of Edward VIII. Elizabeth's crown was made of platinum and was set with the Koh-i-Noor diamond


1937

We incline to the view that on his abdication the Duke of Windsor could not have claimed the right to be described as a Royal Highness. add something

 

Letters patent dated 27 May 1937, which re-conferred upon the Duke of Windsor the "title, style, or attribute of Royal Highness", specifically stated that "his wife and descendants, if any, shall not hold said title or attribute". add something

 

The Duke of Windsor married Simpson, who had changed her name by deed poll to Wallis Warfield, in a private ceremony on 3 June 1937, at Château de Cande, near Tours , France. add something

 

In October 1937, the Duke and Duchess visited Germany, against the advice of the British government, and met Adolf Hitler at his Obersalzberg retreat. add something

 

Severn Teackle Wallis - He is distantly related to a later descendent Wallis Warfield Simpson, of Baltimore who later caused the British Monarch, King Edward VIII to abdicate his throne in order to marry her in 1937, after little more than a year as the head of the British Empire since the death of his father King George V

 

Mainbocher - In 1937, he designed her wedding dress and trousseau for her marriage to the Duke of Windsor, after he abdicated the English throne

 

Mainbocher - In 1937, he designed her wedding dress and trousseau for her marriage to the Duke of Windsor, after he abdicated the English throne


1939

On the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, they were brought back to Britain by Lord Mountbatten on board HMS Kelly, and the Duke, although an honorary field marshal, was made a major-general attached to the British Military Mission in France. add something


1940

In 1940 he said: "In the past 10 years Germany has totally reorganised the order of its society . add something

 

In February 1940, the German Minister in The Hague , Count Julius von Zech-Burkersroda, claimed that the Duke had leaked the Allied war plans for the defence of Belgium. add something

 

When Germany invaded the north of France in May 1940, the Windsors fled south, first to Biarritz, in June to Spain. add something


1941

Roosevelt ordered covert surveillance of the Duke and Duchess when they visited Palm Beach, Florida, in April 1941. add something


1951

In 1951, the Duke produced a ghost-written memoir, A King's Story, in which he expresses disagreement with liberal politics. add something


1953

In June 1953, instead of attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in London, the Duke and Duchess watched the ceremony on television in Paris. add something


1955

In 1955, they visited President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the White House. add something


1956

Murrow's television interview show Person to Person in 1956, and a 50-minute BBC television interview in 1970. add something

 

The couple appeared on Edward R. Murrow's television interview show Person to Person in 1956, and a 50-minute BBC television interview in 1970. add something


1960

However, during the 1960s he said privately to a friend, Patrick Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross, "I never thought Hitler was such a bad chap. add something


1965

In 1965, the Duke and Duchess returned to London. add something

 

Bakey in Houston for an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, and in February 1965 a detached retina in his left eye was treated by Sir Stewart Duke-Elder. add something


1967

In 1967, they joined the Royal Family for the centenary of Queen Mary's birth. add something


1968

The last royal ceremony the Duke attended was the funeral of Princess Marina in 1968. add something


1969

He declined an invitation from Elizabeth II to attend the Investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1969, replying that Prince Charles would not want his "aged great-uncle" there. add something


1971

In late 1971, the Duke, who was a smoker from an early age, was diagnosed with throat cancer and underwent cobalt therapy. add something


1972

On 28 May 1972, the Duke died at his home in Paris, less than a month before his 78th birthday. add something

 

On 28 May 1972, the Duke died at his home in Paris, less than a month before his 78th birthday add something

 

Eileen Herlie - She had previously played Queen Mary in the 1972 made-for-television film "The Woman I Love", starring Richard Chamberlain as Edward VIII and Faye Dunaway as Wallis Simpson


2010

Guy Pearce - In 2010, he appeared as playboy David, the Prince of Wales, who became King Edward VIII, in the *award-winning film "The King's Speech"

 

Wallis Simpson - Kate Auspitz's 2010 novel, "The War Memoirs of HRH Wallis, Duchess of Windsor", portrays Wallis as a tool of the Allies who employ her to knock fascist-sympathising King Edward VIII off the throne


2011

Mohamed Al-Fayed - Fayed was portrayed by actor Haluk Bilginer in "W.E.", the 2011 British romantic drama film about the love of Wallis Simpson and Edward VIII


2013

Edward Marshall Hall - In his 2013 book "The Prince, The Princess and" "the perfect Murder" Andre Rose says that Madam Fahmy, real name Marguerite Alibert, a Frenchwomen of modest birth, had a year-long affair with the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII, in Paris at the end of World War I. He claims there were desperate efforts to ensure this was not mentioned at her trial


2016

BBC Radio 4, first broadcast 24 February 2016 add something