Actors Studio
(Movies & TV)
Marlon Brando
(Movies & TV)
Cheryl Crawford
On the Waterfront
(Movies & TV)
Arthur Miller
Robert Lewis (actor)
Montgomery Clift
(Movies & TV)

See also

Elia Kazan

Knowledge Identifier: +Elia_Kazan


Elia Kazan

American director and actoradd

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1909.

Countries: United States (64%), United Kingdom (4%), California (4%)

Main connections: Actors Studio, Marlon Brando, Cheryl Crawford

Linked to: House Un-American Activities Committee, Actors Studio, American Film Institute, The New York Times




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Elia Kazan was born in 1909 add something


At age four, Kazan was brought to the United States with his immigrant Greek family. add something


In 1932, after spending two years at the Yale University School of Drama, he moved to New York to become a professional stage actor. add something


In 1935 he played the role of a strike-leading taxi driver in a drama by Clifford Odets, Waiting for Lefty, and his performance was called "dynamic," leading some to describe him as the "proletarian thunderbolt. add something


Brando's role as a virtually unknown actor at age 27, would "catapult him to stardom. add something


James Dean died the following year, at the age of 24, in an accident with his sports car outside of Los Angeles. add something


Kazan was armed with the confidence born of age and success, while Beatty was virtually aflame with the arrogance of youth. add something


Upon his death, at the age of 94, the New York Times described him as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history. add something


Actor Karl Malden became an early student at the Group Theater in 1937, where he first began acting under Kazan's direction. add something


Anatole Litvak - In 1940, he directed "City for Conquest" starring James Cagney and supporting actor Elia Kazan, in one of his few film roles before becoming a leading director


Arthur Miller - Miller and Kazan were close friends throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, but after Kazan's testimony to the HUAC, the pair's friendship ended, and they did not speak to each other for the next ten years


In 1942 he achieved his first notable success by directing a Pulitzer prize-winning play by Thornton Wilder, The Skin of Our Teeth, starring Montgomery Clift and Tallulah Bankhead. add something


Annabella (actress) - On Broadway, she received excellent notices for her work in "Jacobowsky and the Colonel", directed by Elia Kazan, in 1944


In 1947, he co-starred in the stage play "All My Sons," written by Arthur Miller, with Kazan directing, and began being recognized as a serious actor. add something


In 1947, he directed the courtroom drama Boomerang/, and in 1950 he directed Panic in the Streets, starring Richard Widmark, in a thriller shot on the streets of New Orleans. add something


In 1947, he founded the Actors Studio, a non-profit workshop, with actors Robert Lewis and Cheryl Crawford. add something


Marlon Brando - Brando achieved stardom, however, as Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams's 1947 play $A_Streetcar_Named_Desire (A_Streetcar_Named_Desire_(1951_film)), directed by Elia Kazan.


Jocelyn Brando - Even before that, however, in the fall of 1947, both Jocelyn and Marlon would become two of the first fifty or so members of New York's newly formed Actors Studio, Jocelyn studying with Elia Kazan, Marlon with Robert Lewis


Lee Strasberg - In 1947, Elia Kazan, Robert Lewis, and Cheryl Crawford, members of the Group Theatre, started the Actors Studio as a non-profit workshop for professional and aspiring actors to concentrate on their craft away from the pressures of the commercial theatre


Robert Lewis (director) - In 1947, Lewis co-founded The Actors Studio, a professional actors' workshop, with former Group members, director Elia Kazan and producer Cheryl Crawford


Robert Lewis (actor) - In 1947, Lewis co-founded The Actors Studio, a professional actors' workshop, with former Group members, director Elia Kazan and producer Cheryl Crawford


Irene Mayer Selznick - In 1947, she worked with playwright Tennessee Williams and director Elia Kazan and produced her first play, "A Streetcar Named Desire", which gave Marlon Brando his break-out role


Cheryl Crawford - In 1947, together with former Group Theatre members Elia Kazan and Robert Lewis, she founded The Actor's Studio, which trained Marlon Brando, James Dean, Jerome Robbins, Shelley Winters, Jane Fonda, Bea Arthur, and many more


Edward Binns - One of the first members of New York's newly formed Actors Studio, Binns studied with Elia Kazan, starting in the fall of 1947


Betsy Drake - She returned to New York City and, in 1947, read for the director Elia Kazan for the lead role in the London company of the play "Deep are the Roots"


Sanford Meisner - The Actors Studio was founded in 1947 by two ex-Group Theatre actors – the successful directors, Elia Kazan and Robert Lewis


Actors Studio - It was founded October 5, 1947, by Elia Kazan, Cheryl_Crawford, Robert Lewis and Anna Sokolow, who provided training for actors who were members


Martin Balsam - In early 1948, he was selected by Elia Kazan to be a member in the recently formed Actors Studio


Sylvia Stahlman - She began her career on Broadway, in 1948-49, in Kurt Weill's "Love Life", opposite Nanette Fabray, directed by Elia Kazan


In 1949 he again dealt with controversial subject when he directed Pinky, which dealt with issues of racism in America, and was nominated for 3 Academy Awards. add something


Lee J. Cobb - He played the role of Willy Loman in the original Broadway performance of Arthur Miller's 1949 play "Death of a Salesman" under the direction of Elia Kazan


Katharine Alexander - She starred alongside Paul Muni as his wife Linda Loman in London's Phoenix Theatre production of "Death of a Salesman", which opened on July 28th, 1949, directed by Elia Kazan


Arthur Miller - "Death of a Salesman" premiered on Broadway on February 10, 1949 at the Morosco Theatre, directed by Elia Kazan, and starring Lee J. Cobb as Willy Loman, Mildred Dunnock as Linda, Arthur Kennedy as Biff, and Cameron Mitchell as Happy


Richard Widmark - In 1950, Widmark co-starred with Paul Douglas, Barbara Bel Geddes, Jack Palance and Zero Mostel in Elia Kazan's Panic in the Streets, and appeared opposite Gene Tierney in Jules Dassin's Night and the City.


Zero Mostel - It was not until 1950 that Mostel again acted in movies, for a role in the Oscar winning film" Panic in the Streets", at the request of its director, Elia Kazan


Cloris Leachman - Leachman was a friend of Marlon Brando, whom she met while studying under Elia Kazan in the 1950s


Edna Anhalt - This stretch was capped with an Oscar win for Elia Kazan's 1950 film "Panic in the Streets", and another nomination two years later for "The Sniper"


He cast him again in the film version in 1951, which made Brando a star and won 4 Oscars, and was nominated for 12. add something


In 1951, Lee Strasberg became its director, and it remained a non-profit enterprise, eventually considered "the nation's most prestigious acting school," according to film historian James Lipton. add something


In 1951, after introducing and directing one of the Actors Studio's brightest young talents, Marlon Brando, in the stage version, he went on to cast him in film version of the play, $A_Streetcar_Named_Desire (A_Streetcar_Named_Desire_(1951_film)), which made Brando a star and won 4 Oscars, being nominated for 12. add something


His controversial stand during his testimony in front of the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1952, became the low point in his career, although he remained convinced that he made the right decision to give the names of Communist Party members. add something


Kazan remained controversial in some circles until his death for testimony he gave before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1952, a period that many, such as journalist Michael Mills, feel was "the most controversial period in Hollywood history. add something


Malden remained friends with Kazan despite his unpopular appearance at the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1952. add something


In April 1952, the Committee called on Kazan, under oath, to identify Communists from that period 16 years earlier. add something


Marlon Brando - Brando as Emiliano Zapata in a trailer for the 1952 film Viva Zapata/Brando brought his performance as Stanley Kowalski to the screen in Kazan's adaptation of Tennessee Williams's $A_Streetcar_Named_Desire (A_Streetcar_Named_Desire_(1951_film)), and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for that role, and again in each of the next three years for his roles in Viva Zapata/ in 1952, Julius Caesar in 1953 as Mark Antony, and On the Waterfront in 1954.


J. Edward Bromberg - In 1952, he and seven other Group Theater members were named by Elia Kazan as Communist Party members in testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee


James Dean - In 1953, director Elia Kazan was looking for a substantive actor to play the emotionally complex role of 'Cal Trask', for screenwriter Paul Osborn's adaptation of John Steinbeck's 1952 novel East of Eden.


Dean flew back to Los Angeles with Kazan in 1954, the first time he had ever flown in a plane, bringing his clothes in a brown paper bag. add something


In 1954 he again used Brando as co-star in On the Waterfront. add something


In 1954, he directed On the Waterfront, written by screenwriter Budd Schulberg, which was a film about union corruption in New York. add something


Madeleine Sherwood - Elia Kazan cast her as Mae, the horrible sister in law, in Tennessee Williams "Cat On A Hot Tin Roof" in 1954 and later in "Sweet Bird of Youth" as Miss Lucy


Lee J. Cobb - Following the hearing he resumed his career and worked with Elia Kazan and Budd Schulberg, two other HUAC "friendly witnesses", on the 1954 film "On the Waterfront", which is widely seen as an allegory and apologia for testifying


Malcolm Johnson (journalist) - The Sun articles formed the basis for the 1954 Elia Kazan movie "On the Waterfront," which starred Marlon Brando


After the success of On the Waterfront he went on to direct the screen adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel, East of Eden in 1955. add something


June Carter Cash - Director Elia Kazan saw her perform at the Grand Ole Opry in 1955 and encouraged her to study acting


East of Eden (film) - "'East of Eden"' is a 1955 film, directed by Elia Kazan, and loosely based on the second half of the 1952 novel of the same name by John Steinbeck


In 1956, Kazan directed him in a starring role in Baby Doll, alongside Carroll Baker and Eli Wallach, a controversial story written by Tennessee Williams, and he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. add something


Barbara Bel Geddes - In 1956, she created the role of Maggie "The Cat" in Elia Kazan's original Broadway production of Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof", and in 1961 created the title role in the Jean Kerr comedy "Mary, Mary" which became Broadway's longest-running show with over 1,500 performances


Eli Wallach - Wallach's film debut was in Elia Kazan's controversial 1956 "Baby Doll", for which he won the British Academy Film *awards as "Most Promising Newcomer


Splendor in the Grass - He told the story to director Elia Kazan when they were working on a production of Inge's play "The Dark at the Top of the Stairs", in 1957


Andreas Voutsinas - Voutsinas, a life member of The Actor's Studio since 1957, spent many years working in summer stock theater and as an assistant to Studio co-founder Elia Kazan, before he met Jane Fonda, with whom he got involved and whom he cast in the leading part in "Fun Couple", his Broadway directorial debut in 1960


In 1959, in a letter to Kazan, he writes, “Some day you will know how much I value the great things you did with my work, how you lifted it above its measure by your great gift. add something


Montgomery Clift - Clift starred with Lee Remick in Elia Kazan's Wild River in 1960.


Wild River (film) - "'Wild River"' is a 1960 film directed by Elia Kazan starring Montgomery Clift, Lee Remick, Jo Van Fleet, Albert Salmi and Jay C. Flippen filmed on location in the Tennessee Valley


In 1961, after a "series of bad films, her career was already in decline," notes Rathgeb. add something


Much of his early life was portrayed in his autobiographical book, America America, which he made into a film in 1963. add something


Frank Wolff (actor) - Early in his European career, he returned to Greece to essay a major, second-billed role in his most prestigious movie, the 1963 "Best Picture" Oscar nominee "America, America", which producer-director-writer Elia Kazan filmed on location


Haskell Wexler - In 1963, Wexler served as the cinematographer on his first big-budget film, Elia Kazan's "America, America"


His second marriage, to the actress Barbara Loden, lasted from 1969 until her death in 1980, and produced one son. add something


Tony Curtis - He was part of the all-star ensemble in Elia Kazan's 1976 drama "The Last Tycoon"


The Last Tycoon (1976 film) - "'The Last Tycoon"' is a 1976 American dramatic film directed by Elia Kazan and produced by Sam Spiegel, based upon Harold Pinter's screenplay adaptation of F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Last Tycoon", sometimes known as "The Love of the Last Tycoon"


In 1978, the U.S. government paid for Kazan and his family to travel to Kazan's birthplace where many of his films were to be shown. add something


In 1982, President Ronald Reagan presented him with the Kennedy Center honors award, a national tribute for life achievement in the arts. add something


Lastly, he was married to Frances Rudge from 1982 until his death in 2003, aged 94. add something


During an interview in 1988, Kazan said, "I did whatever was necessary to get a good performance including so-called Method acting. add something


Larry Auerbach - Auerbach received the DGA's Robert B. Aldrich Award in 1991, and was named a DGA Honorary Life Member in 2004, joining a small, elite group that includes Charles Chaplin, David Lean, Frank Capra, Walt Disney, Darryl F. Zanuck, Louis B. Mayer, Jack Warner, Lew Wasserman, Elia Kazan, Chuck_Jones, Joseph L. Mankiewicz and Jack Valenti


In 1999, when he was 90 years old, Kazan received an honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement. add something


Stanley Donen - With the deaths in the 2000s of Billy Wilder, George Sidney, Elia Kazan, Robert_Wise, and Jules Dassin, Stanley Donen became the last surviving notable film director of Hollywood's Golden Age


Elia Kazan died in 2003 add something


Elia Kazan died from natural causes in his Manhattan apartment, 28 September 2003 aged 94 add something


Barbara Loden - Los Angeles Times Book Review The Defiant One: Elia Kazan A Biography by Richard Schickel, reviewed by David Caute, November 12, 2005 was still a major film director who still had great influence


In 2009, a previously unproduced screenplay by Williams, "The Loss of a Teardrop Diamond", was released as a film add something


Dennis Lehane - In Spring 2009, Lehane became a Joseph E. Connor *award recipient and honorary brother of Phi Alpha Tau professional fraternity at Emerson College in Boston , MA. Other brothers and Connor *award recipients include Robert Frost, Elia Kazan, Jack_Lemmon, Red Skelton, Edward R. Murrow, Yul Brynner, and Walter Cronkite


In 2010, Martin Scorsese co-directed the documentary film "A Letter to Elia" as a personal tribute to Kazan add something


Wisconsin Film Festival - The 2010 festival included work by Michel Gondry, Jan H?ebejk, Ken Loach, Mary Sweeney, Radu Jude, Liu Jiayin, Gianni Di Gregorio, James Marsh, Jessica Hausner, Henrik Ruben Ganz, Maren Ade, Xavier Dolan, Corneliu Porumboiu, Karen Shakhnazarov, Bradley Rust Gray, Sarah Watts, Lixin Fan, Bert I. Gordon, George Kuchar, Sergio Leone, Ladislas Starewitch, Jules Dassin, John Frankenheimer, and Elia Kazan


Carol Drinkwater - Drinkwater revealed to The Guardian in October 2017, that the experience of the starlet Marguerite in The Lost Girl was based on her own experience of being sexually assaulted by Elia Kazan while auditioning for the leading film role in his film "The Last Tycoon"