Ella Fitzgerald

Knowledge Identifier: +Ella_Fitzgerald


Ella Fitzgerald

American jazz and song vocalistadd

Category: Music (655)

Born in 1917.

Countries: United States (72%), United Kingdom (10%), France (6%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Sarah Vaughan, Frank Sinatra, Quincy Jones

Linked to: The New York Times, Capitol Records, Decca Records, American Heart Association




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
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Ella Fitzgerald was born in 1917 add something


For many years Fitzgerald's birthdate was thought to be on the same date one year later in 1918 — and is still listed as such in some sources, but research by Nicholson and another biographer, Tanya Lee Stone, established 1917 as the correct year of birth. add something


Cry Me a River - A jazzy blues ballad, "Cry Me a River" was originally written for Ella Fitzgerald to sing in the 1920s-set film, "Pete Kelly's Blues" , but the song was dropped


Fitzgerald's half-sister, Frances Da Silva, was born in 1923. add something


Maxine Sullivan - A precursor to better known later vocalists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Billie_Holiday, and Sarah Vaughan, Maxine Sullivan is considered one of the best jazz vocalists of the 1930s


In 1932, her mother died from a heart attack. add something


In January 1935, Fitzgerald won the chance to perform for a week with the Tiny Bradshaw band at the Harlem Opera House. add something


Chick Webb - Webb married Martha Loretta Ferguson , and in 1935 he began featuring a teenaged Ella Fitzgerald as vocalist


Louis Jordan - He died after a spinal operation on June 16, 1939, aged only 30; following his death, Ella Fitzgerald took over the band


Ella Fitzgerald photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1940. add something


Frank De Vol - From the 1940s, De Vol wrote arrangements for the studio recordings of many top singers, including Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah_Vaughan, Tony Bennett, Dinah Shore, Doris Day, Vic Damone and Jaye P. Morgan


Benny Moten - Moten had a long career as a sideman from the early 1940s, including with Hot Lips Page, Jerry Jerome, Red Allen , Eddie South, Stuff Smith, Arnett Cobb, Ella Fitzgerald, Wilbur De Paris , Buster Bailey, Roy Eldridge, and Dakota Staton


Shure - One of Shure's most visually iconic microphone series is the Unidyne series, seen in use by heads of state and popular recording artists and performers from the 1940s through the end of the twentieth century, including President John F. Kennedy, Ella Fitzgerald, and Frank Sinatra


Fitzgerald recorded nearly 150 sides with the orchestra before it broke up in 1942, "the majority of them novelties and disposable pop fluff". add something


In 1942, Fitzgerald left the band to begin a solo career. add something


Chick Webb - After his death, Ella Fitzgerald led the Chick Webb band until she left to focus on her solo career in 1942 and caused the band to disband


Dizzy Gillespie - He freelanced with a few bands - most notably Ella Fitzgerald's orchestra, composed of members of the late Chick Webb's band, in 1942.


Sarah Vaughan - After a considerable delay, Vaughan was contacted by the Apollo in the spring of 1943 to open for Ella Fitzgerald.


The Ink Spots - In 1944 The Ink Spots teamed up with Ella Fitzgerald to record "I'm Making Believe", and "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall"


Ted Heath (bandleader) - Heath arranged a stint at the Winter Gardens at Blackpool in 1946, a Scandinavian tour, a fortnight at the London Casino with Lena Horne, and backed Ella Fitzgerald at the London Palladium


Her second marriage, in December 1947, was to the famous bass player Ray Brown, whom she had met while on tour with Dizzy Gillespie's band a year earlier. add something


Ray Brown (musician) - Brown became acquainted with singer Ella Fitzgerald when she joined the Gillespie band as a special attraction for a tour of the southern United States in 1947.


Greenwich Village - Notable performers there included among others: Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Nat King Cole, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Coleman_Hawkins, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Burl Ives, Lead Belly, Anita O'Day, Charlie Parker, Les Paul and Mary Ford, Paul Robeson, Kay Starr, Art Tatum, Sarah Vaughan, Dinah Washington, Josh White, Teddy Wilson, Lester Young, and The Weavers, who in Christmas 1949, played at the Village Vanguard


Jimmy Rowles - In the 1950s and 1960s, he frequently played behind Billie Holiday and Peggy Lee, and in the 1980s he succeeded Paul Smith as Ella Fitzgerald's accompanist


Ellis Larkins - In the 1950s he recorded with Ella Fitzgerald and Ruby Braff


Louie Bellson - Later in the 1950s and 1960s, he performed with Jazz at the Philharmonic or J.A.T.P., Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, Count Basie, Duke Ellington again, and Harry James again, as well as appearing on several Ella Fitzgerald studio albums


Gloria Lynne - She shared the stage with contemporary night club vocal ensembles as well as with Ella Fitzgerald, recording as part of such groups as The Enchanters and The Dell-Tones in the 1950s


Eddie Barclay - The band were to accompany Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy_Gillespie, Sacha Distel, and Quincy Jones, who became the artistic director of Barclay Records at the end of the 1950s


Percy Heath - When Brown left the group to join his wife Ella Fitzgerald's band, Heath joined and the group was officially begun in 1952, with Connie Kay replacing Clarke soon afterward


Lee Gordon (promoter) - Gordon's first major concert tour, staged in July 1954, was a 'package' bill featuring jazz legends Ella Fitzgerald, Buddy_Rich and Artie Shaw, with comedian Jerry Colonna


Fitzgerald was still performing at Granz's JATP concerts by 1955. add something


In her most notable screen role, Fitzgerald played the part of singer Maggie Jackson in Jack Webb's 1955 jazz film Pete Kelly's Blues. add something


Stan Kenton - In July to September, 1955, the year before Feather's letter, Kenton hosted the CBS summer replacement, Music 55, for which he invited Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Lena_Horne, Louis Jordan, Cab Calloway, and many other African-American artists to participate


Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook, released in 1956, was the first of eight multi-album Songbook sets Fitzgerald would record for Verve at irregular intervals from 1956 to 1964. add something


Fitzgerald features on one track on Basie's 1957 album One O'Clock Jump, while her 1963 album Ella and Basie/ is remembered as one of her greatest recordings. add something


In July 1957, Reuters reported that Fitzgerald had secretly married Thor Einar Larsen, a young Norwegian, in Oslo . add something


Porgy and Bess - Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald recorded an album in 1957 in which they sang and scatted Gershwin's tunes


The two appeared on the same stage only periodically over the years, in television specials in 1958 and 1959, and again on 1967's A Man and His Music Ella Jobim, a show that featured Antonio Carlos Jobim. add something


Juliet Prowse - She would go on to appear with Sinatra and other notable guests such as Ella Fitzgerald, Peter_Lawford, Hermione Gingold, the Hi-Lo's, Red Norvo, Nelson Riddle and his orchestra on the 1959, " Frank Sinatra Show


Fitzgerald in 1960 by Erling Mandelmann. add something


Her Duke Ellington Songbook placed Ellington firmly in the canon known as the Great American Songbook, and the 1960s saw Fitzgerald and the 'Duke' meet on the Côte d'Azur for the 1966 album Ella and Duke at the Cote D'Azur, and in Sweden for The Stockholm Concert, 1966. add something


Georgia on My Mind - The song has been covered by many artists, significant among them: Richard Manuel, Louis Armstrong, Ethel Waters, Frankie Laine, Dean Martin, Glenn Miller, Eddy Arnold, The Anita Kerr Singers, Brenda Lee, Zac Brown Band, Michael Bublé, Michael Bolton, Dave Brubeck, Anita O'Day, Mildred Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald, Rebecca Parris, Gerald Albright, Jo Stafford, Gladys Knight, Gene Krupa, Grover Washington, Jr., James Brown, Usher, Fats Waller, Billie Holiday, Nat Gonella and The Georgians, Django Reinhardt, Khalil Fong, Wes Montgomery,


Perhaps her most unusual and intriguing performance was of the "Three Little Maids" song from Gilbert and Sullivan's comic operetta The Mikado alongside Joan Sutherland and Dinah Shore on Shore's weekly variety series in 1963. add something


Verve Records was sold to MGM in 1963 for $3 million and in 1967 MGM failed to renew Fitzgerald's contract. add something


Count Basie - Ella Fitzgerald made some memorable recordings with Basie, including the 1963 album Ella and Basie/.


Tommy Flanagan - As an accompanist, Flanagan worked with Ella Fitzgerald from 1963 to 1965 and 1968 to 1978


Johnny Mercer - An indication of the high esteem in which Mercer was held can be observed in that in 1964 he became the only lyricist to have his work recorded as a volume of Ella Fitzgerald's celebrated 'Songbook' albums for the Verve label


Salena Jones - In 1964, Down Beat jazz critic Leonard Feather chose Salena Jones as one of the female vocalists of the year, alongside Peggy Lee, Ella Fitzgerald and Nancy Wilson


Pepper Adams - During this time he played with the Sal Salvador Big Band at the Diamond Beach Club in Wildwood, New Jersey in August 1965, along with Teddy Charles in early 1966, and Ella Fitzgerald in 1967


Leonard Feather - He wrote the lyrics to the jazz song "Whisper Not" which was recorded by Ella Fitzgerald on her 1966 Verve release of the same name


Fitzgerald won thirteen Grammy awards, including one for Lifetime Achievement in 1967. add something


Sylvia Dee - Ella Fitzgerald on her 1968 Capitol release "Misty Blue"


Sunshine of Your Love - Other artists include Spanky Wilson in 1968 and Ella Fitzgerald in 1969


Max Bennett (musician) - There he played regularly at the Lighthouse Cafe with his own ensemble, and played behind such vocalists as Peggy Lee, Ella Fitzgerald, Joni_Mitchell and Joan Baez through the 1970s


Memorex - Memorex entered the consumer media business in 1971 first with its "shattering glass" advertisements and with a series of famous television commercials featuring Ella Fitzgerald


Fitzgerald and Basie collaborated on the 1972 album Jazz at Santa Monica Civic '72, and on the 1979 albums Digital III at Montreux, A Classy Pair and A Perfect Match. add something


Fitzgerald recorded albums exclusively devoted to the songs of Porter and Gershwin in 1972 and 1983; the albums being, respectively, Ella Loves Cole and Nice Work If You Can Get It. A later collection devoted to a single composer was released during her time with Pablo Records, Ella Abraça Jobim, featuring the songs of Antonio Carlos Jobim. add something


Sarah Vaughan - In 1977, Norman Granz, who was Ella Fitzgerald's manager, signed Vaughan to his Pablo Records label.


Fitzgerald made a one-off appearance alongside Sarah Vaughan and Pearl Bailey on a 1979 television special honoring Bailey. add something


In 1980, she performed a medley of standards in a duet with Karen Carpenter on the Carpenters' television program Music, Music, Music. add something


BBC Scottish Radio Orchestra - As a unit, the BBC Scottish Radio Orchestra was officially disbanded early in 1981, one of their final performances being at the Playhouse Theatre in Edinburgh with Ella Fitzgerald


Fitzgerald is referred to on the 1987 song "Ella, elle l'a" by French singer France Gall and the Belgian singer Kate Ryan, the 1976 Stevie Wonder hit "Sir Duke" from his album Songs in the Key of Life, and the song "I Love Being Here With You", written by Peggy Lee and Bill Schluger. add something


France Gall - Gall topped the pop charts in many countries in 1987 and 1988 with another song from the "Babacar" album, "Ella, elle l'a" , a Berger tribute to Ella Fitzgerald


Sarah Vaughan - In 1989, Quincy Jones' album Back on the Block featured Vaughan in a brief scatting duet with Ella Fitzgerald.


Benny Carter - In February 1990, Carter led an all-star big band at the Lincoln Center in a concert tribute to Ella Fitzgerald.


Plagued by health problems, Fitzgerald made her last recording in 1991 and her last public performances in 1993. add something


Already visually impaired by the effects of diabetes, Fitzgerald had both her legs amputated in 1993. add something


In 1993, she established the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation, which continues to fund programs that perpetuate Ella's ideals. add something


Ella Fitzgerald died in 1996 add something


The New York Times wrote in 1996, "These albums were among the first pop records to devote such serious attention to individual songwriters, and they were instrumental in establishing the pop album as a vehicle for serious musical exploration. add something


She died in her home on June 15, 1996 at the age of 79 add something


In 1997, Newport News, Virginia created a music festival with Christopher Newport University to honor Ella Fitzgerald in her birth city add something


Bridgewater's following album, "Live at Yoshi's", was recorded live on April 25, 1998, what would have been Fitzgerald's 81st birthday add something


The incident was turned into a play by Bonnie Greer in 2005 add something


Bonnie Greer - The later work began as a radio play broadcast in December 2005 after Greer saw a documentary on Marilyn Monroe, which mentioned Monroe's assistance to the jazz vocalist Ella Fitzgerald over the colour bar that prevented the singer from working at certain venues, especially the Mocambo nightclub


Joe Longthorne - In 2006, Longthorne performed again at the London Palladium, and in 2007 the Variety Club awarded him their Lifetime Achievement Award, which placed him amongst past recipients such as Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, Ella Fitzgerald, Wayne Dobson, Freddie "Parrot Faced" Davies and Gary Wilmot


On January 10, 2007, the United States Postal Service announced that Fitzgerald would be honored with her own ://ecx add something


The stamp was released in April 2007 as part of the Postal Service's Black Heritage series add something


In 2008, the Downing-Gross Cultural Arts Center in Newport News named its brand new 276-seat theater the Ella Fitzgerald Theater add something


Dee Dee Bridgewater - October 16, 2009 found her opening the Shanghai JZ Jazz Festival, in which Dee Dee tunes associated with Ella Fitzgerald, along with Ellington compositions and other jazz standards


University of California, Los Angeles - Past recipients have included Stevie Wonder, Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, James_Taylor, Ray Charles, Natalie Cole, Quincy Jones, Lionel Richie, and in 2009, Julie Andrews


University of California at Los Angeles - Past recipients have included Stevie Wonder, Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, James_Taylor, Ray Charles, Natalie Cole, Quincy Jones, Lionel Richie, and in 2009, Julie Andrews


In 2012, Rod Stewart performed a "virtual duet" with Ella Fitzgerald on his Christmas album "Merry Christmas, Baby", and his television special of the same name add something


In 2013, & Google paid tribute to Ella by celebrating her 96th birthday with a Google Doodle on its US homepage add something


On April 25, 2017, the centenary of her birth, UK's BBC Radio 2 broadcast three programmes as part of an "Ella at 100" celebration: "Ella Fitzgerald Night" introduced by Jamie Cullum, "Remembering Ella" introduced by Leo Green and "Ella Fitzgerald - the First Lady of Song" introduced by Petula Clark add something


On June 25, 2019, "The New York Times Magazine" listed Ella Fitzgerald among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire add something