Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Knowledge Identifier: +Ellen_Johnson_Sirleaf

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Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

24th and current President of Liberia add

Category: Politics

Born in 1938.

Countries: Liberia (34%), United States (17%), (11%)

Main connections: Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Abdullah Gul

Linked to: Congress for Democratic Change, College of West Africa, Harvard University, International Development Association

 

Timeline


 

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Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was born in 1938 add something


1944

Joseph Boakai - "'Joseph Nyumah Boakai"' is a Liberian politician who has been Vice President of Liberia since January 2006, serving under President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf


1956

In 1956, Sirleaf married James Sirleaf, whom she later divorced add something


1961

She married James Sirleaf when she was 17 years old, and traveled with him to the United States in 1961 to continue her studies and earned an accounting degree at Madison, Wisconsin Business College, in Madison, Wisconsin, Wisconsin add something


1969

Sirleaf studied economics and public policy at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1969 to 1971, gaining a Master of Public Administration add something


1972

Sirleaf served as assistant minister from 1972 to 1973 under Tolbert's administration add something


1979

She served as Minister of Finance under President William Tolbert from 1979 until the 1980 coup d'état, after which she left Liberia and held senior positions at various financial institutions add something

 

Subsequently she was Minister of Finance from 1979 to April 1980 add something


1980

Master Sergeant Samuel Doe, a member of the indigenous Krahn ethnic group, seized power in an 12 April 1980 military coup; Tolbert was assassinated and all but four members of his cabinet were executed by firing squad add something

 

Sirleaf initially accepted a post in the new government as President of the Liberian Bank for Development and Investment, though she fled the country in November 1980 after publicly criticizing Doe and the People's Redemption Council for their management of the country add something


1981

Sirleaf initially moved to Washington, D.C., to work for the World Bank before moving to Nairobi in 1981 to serve as Vice President of the African Regional Office of Citibank add something


1985

She resigned from Citibank in 1985 following her involvement in the 1985 election in Liberia and went to work for Equator Bank, a subsidiary of HSBC add something

 

While working at Citibank, Sirleaf returned to Liberia in 1985 to run for Vice President on the ticket of the Liberian Action Party in the 1985 elections add something


1986

Despite continuing to refuse to accept her seat in the Senate, she was released in July 1986 and secretly fled the country to the United States later that year add something


1989

First Liberian Civil War - At the beginning of the First Liberian Civil War in 1989, Sirleaf supported Charles Taylor's rebellion against Doe, helping raise money for the war add something


1992

In 1992, Sirleaf was appointed as the Director of the United Nations Development Programme's Regional Bureau for Africa at the rank of Assistant Administrator and Assistant Secretary General , from which she resigned in 1997 to run for president in Liberia add something


1996

By 1996, the presence of Economic Community of West African States peacekeepers led to a cessation of hostilities, resulting in the 1997 general election, which Sirleaf returned to Liberia to contest add something


1997

She placed second in the 1997 presidential election won by Charles Taylor add something


2003

Upon the inauguration of Sirleaf, the entire Supreme Court bench, which had been selected as part of the transitional government in 2003, stepped down, leaving Sirleaf to fill all five seats on the Court add something


2005

Following her election in 2005, Sirleaf pledged to promote national reconciliation by bringing in opposition leaders into her administration add something

 

Her great nephew, Emmanuel Sumana Elsar Sr., was her political advisor during the 2005 presidential elections against George Weah add something

 

Opposition leaders noted that in doing so, she had broken a promise made during her 2005 campaign to only serve one term if elected add something

 

She won the 2005 presidential election and took office on 16 January 2006, and she was a successful candidate for re-election in 2011 add something

 

Sirleaf once again stood for president as the candidate of the Unity Party in the 2005 general election add something

 

On 23 November 2005, Sirleaf was declared the winner of the Liberian election and confirmed as the country's next president add something

 

George Weah - He ran unsuccessfully for president in the 2005 election, losing to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in the second round of voting

 

Unity Party (Liberia) - Unity Party's candidate Ellen Johnson Sirleaf won the 2005 presidential elections, besting George Weah of the Congress for Democratic Change in a run-off


2006

In 2006, Sirleaf established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission with a mandate to "promote national peace, security, unity and reconciliation" by investigating more than 20 years of civil conflict in the country add something

 

"Forbes" magazine named Sirleaf as the 51st most powerful woman in the world in 2006 add something

 

Her inauguration, attended by many foreign dignitaries, including United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and First Lady Laura Bush, took place on 16 January 2006 add something

 

Lewis and three of Sirleaf's Associate Justice nominees, J. Emmanuel Wureh, Francis Korkpor and Gladys Johnson, were confirmed by the Senate on 2 March 2006 add something

 

On 15 March 2006, President Sirleaf addressed a joint meeting of the United States Congress, asking for American support to help her country become a brilliant beacon, an example to Africa and the world of what love of liberty can achieve add something

 

Following the death of Justice Wureh in July 2006, Sirleaf nominated Christiana Tah, a deputy minister at the Justice Ministry, to fill his seat add something

 

A fire broke out at the Executive Mansion on 26 July 2006, seriously damaging the structure add something

 

Liberia Telecommunications Corporation - In 2006, the newly elected President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, reactivated Libtelco, appointing a temporary Board of Directors while ordering the creation of a new telecommunications policy for Liberia

 

Dalberg Global Development Advisors - In 2006-2007, the President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, asked the firm to study poverty reduction

 

Barbara Pierce Bush - Barbara joined her mother on diplomatic trips to Liberia in January 2006 to attend the inauguration of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and to Vatican City to meet with Pope Benedict XVI in February 2006

 

Antoinette Sayeh - Prior to that, she served from January 2006 as Minister of Finance in the cabinet of Liberian president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the second woman in Liberia's history to hold that position, the first being Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

 

Cabinet of Liberia - The following is a list of ministers currently serving in the administration of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, who took office as president on 16 January 2006:

 

Thomas Nimely - He served as the foreign minister of Liberia until February 2006, when the elected President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf took office and established her new cabinet


2007

George Koukou - On 17 July 2007, Koukou was arrested along with several others, including former army chief of staff Charles Julue, for alleged participation in a coup plot against President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf


2008

The country was deemed eligible to participate in the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative in 2008 add something


2009

In their final report, issued in June 2009, the TRC included Sirleaf in a list of 50 names of people that should be "specifically barred from holding public offices; elected or appointed for a period of thirty years" for "being associated with former warring factions add something

 

Jon Stewart - On April 21, 2009, President of Liberia Ellen Johnson Sirleaf made Stewart a chief


2010

During an appearance at the Council on Foreign Relations in 2010, Sirleaf argued that the implementation of the TRC's recommended ban would unconstitutionally violate her right to due process add something

 

In 2010, "Newsweek" listed her as one of the ten best leaders in the world, while "Time" counted her among the top ten female leaders add something

 

In January 2010, Sirleaf announced that she would run for a second term in office in the 2011 presidential election while speaking to a joint session of the Legislature add something

 

In June 2010, the country reached the completion point of the HIPC initiative, qualifying it for relief from its entire external debt add something

 

In October 2010, Sirleaf signed into law a Freedom of Information bill, the first legislation of its kind in West Africa add something

 

In October 2010, the chairman of Sirleaf's Unity Party, Varney Sherman, argued that implementation of the recommendation would be unconstitutional, as Article 21 of the Constitution prohibits "ex post facto" laws, and Sirleaf had broken no law by financially supporting Taylor that imposed a ban from public office as a penalty add something

 

Sirleaf dismissed her entire cabinet from office on 3 November 2010, promising to reassemble the cabinet in a short of time as possible add something

 

By early December 2010, Sirleaf had reconstituted her entire cabinet, replacing seven of her nineteen ministers add something

 

Academie Diplomatique Internationale - The Women in Power series, inaugurated in 2010, has featured Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Christine Lagarde

 

Freedom of information laws by country - President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf signed the Freedom of Information Act of 2010 into law in October 2010


 

Nobel Peace Prize - Sirleaf was awarded the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with Leymah Gbowee of Liberia and Tawakel Karman of Yemen add something

 

In January 2011, the Supreme Court ruled in "Williams v add something

 

Justice Johnson retired from the Court on 26 March 2011 after reaching the constitutionally mandated retirement age of seventy add something

 

On 1 April 2011, Sirleaf told reporters that she planned to charge an opposition candidate with sedition for organizing a rally protesting corruption in the government add something

 

Sirleaf nominated Phillip A. Z. Banks, her former Minister of Justice and Chairman of the Law Reform Commission, to replace Johnson in August 2011 add something

 

Banks was confirmed by the Senate on 20 August 2011 add something

 

True Whig Party - It registered to compete as an individual party in the 2011 general election, while endorsing President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf's bid for a second term

 

John Atta Mills - Liberia's President and 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf extended her condolences to Ghanaians, saying the news had "come as a surprise

 

Angelique Kidjo - On December 10, 2011, Kidjo sang "Malaika" in Oslo at the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony honoring Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakul Karman


2012

Sirleaf in 2012 attracted international attention for an interview regarding LGBT rights add something

 

In February 2012, Bong County Senator Jewel Taylor proposed a bill that would carry a term of ten years in prison for homosexual activity, while a similar bill was introduced in the House of Representatives add something


2013

Indira Gandhi peace prize - Sirleaf was conferred the coveted Indira Gandhi peace prize by President of India Pranab Mukherjee on 12 sept 2013 add something

 

Sirleaf was conferred the coveted Indira Gandhi Prize by President of India Pranab Mukherjee on 12 September 2013 add something


2014

As of 2014, she is listed as the 70th most powerful woman in the world by "Forbes" add something


2015

On Friday, 27 February 2015, President Sirleaf was expected to make a visit to U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in Washington, D.C., according to an official online statement from the Office of the White House Press Secretary add something

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition


2016

In June of 2016, she was elected as the Chair of the Economic Community of West African States, making her the first female to occupy that position since it was formed add something

 

In June 2016, she was elected as the Chair of the Economic Community of West African States, making her the first female to occupy that position since it was formed add something


2017

In November 2017 an investigation conducted by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalism cited her name in the list of politicians named in "Paradise Papers" allegations add something


2018

Unity Party (Liberia) - On January 13, 2018 the party expelled President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf from the party for campaigning for and with Weah against her own Vice President, Joseph Boakai, who was campaigning on the ticket of the party