Capitol Records
EMI Films
(Media and Entertainment)
Paul McCartney
Gramophone Company
EMI Classics

See also



Knowledge Identifier: &EMI



British multinational music recording and publishing company, and sometime electronics device and equipment manufacturing company, headquartered in London, United Kingdom add

Category: Music

Founded in 1931.

Countries: United Kingdom (33%), United States (16%), (11%)

Main connections: Capitol Records, Warner Music Group, EMI Films

Linked to: Mercury Records, Warner Music Group, Columbia Graphophone Company, Gramophone Company




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In 1931, the year the company was formed, it opened the legendary recording studios at Abbey Road, London add something


When the Gramophone Company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1931, the new Anglo-American group was incorporated as Electric & Musical Industries Ltd. At this point RCA had a majority shareholding in the new company, giving RCA chair David Sarnoff a seat on the EMI board add something


Electric and Musical Industries Ltd was formed in March 1931 by the merger of the Columbia Graphophone Company and the Gramophone Company, with its "His Master's Voice" record label, firms that have a history extending back to the origins of recorded sound add something


Enrico Caruso - Beginning in 1932, RCA Victor in the US and EMI in the UK, reissued several of the old discs with the existing accompaniment over-dubbed by a larger, more authentic sounding, electronically recorded orchestra


RCA sold its stake in EMI in 1935, but due to its earlier takeover of the Victor label in 1929, RCA retained the North and South American rights to the "Nipper" trademark add something


In 1938 ARC-Brunswick was taken over by CBS, which sold the American Brunswick label to American Decca Records, which along with its other properties, Aeolian Records and Vocalion Records, used it as a subsidiary budget label afterward add something


Dinu Lipatti - He performed the "Emperor" Concerto in Bucharest twice during the 1940-41 season, and even stood ready to record it for EMI in 1949


Richard Strauss - One of the more interesting of Strauss's recordings is perhaps the first complete performance of his An Alpine Symphony, made in 1941 and later released by EMI, because Strauss used the full complement of percussion instruments required in this spectacular symphony.


Unfortunately, however, he was killed in 1942 whilst conducting flight trials on an experimental H2S radar set add something


From the late 1950s to the early 1970s, the company enjoyed huge success in the popular music field under the management of Sir Joseph Lockwood add something


George Martin - Following his graduation, he worked for the BBC's classical music department, joined EMI in 1950


George Martin - Following his graduation, he worked for the BBC's classical music department, joined EMI in 1950, as an assistant to Oscar Preuss, the head of EMI's Parlophone Records from 1950 to 1955


William Walton - In 1950 he and Heifetz recorded the Violin Concerto for EMI. In 1951 Walton was knighted.


Antonino Votto - Votto developed an extensive discography with the Teatro alla Scala in Milan during the 1950s, when EMI produced the bulk of its studio recordings featuring Maria Callas


EMI released its first LPs in 1952 and its first stereophonic recordings in 1955 add something


George Martin - Martin scored his first hit for Parlophone in 1952 with the Peter Ustinov single "Mock Mozart" - a record reluctantly released by EMI only after Preuss insisted they give his young assistant, Martin, a chance


Aram Khachaturian - As a conductor, Khachaturian made several commercial recordings, including a 1953 recording of his second symphony with the National Philharmonic Orchestra, a 1963 stereo recording of the symphony with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, and EMI recordings of suites from Gayane and Masquerade and his violin concerto in 1954 (with David Oistrakh as soloist) with the Philharmonia Orchestra.


Paul Hindemith - Hindemith recorded it in stereo with members of the Philharmonia Orchestra for EMI in 1956.


Cliff Richard - In 1959, The Shadows landed an EMI recording contract of their own, for independent recordings


Glenn Shorrock - While still a member of Little River Band, Shorrock released a solo single, a cover of Bobby Darin's 1959 hit "Dream Lover" in April 1979 on EMI, which peaked at No. 8 on the Kent Music Report Singles Chart


Maria Callas - Despite this, Bing's admiration for Callas never wavered, and in September 1959, he sneaked into La Scala in order to listen to Callas record "La Gioconda" for EMI


From 1960 to 1995 their "EMI House," corporate headquarters was located at 20 Manchester Square London, England, the stairwell from which was featured on the cover of the Beatles' "Please Please Me" album add something


Ralph Vaughan Williams - David Willcocks recorded much of the choral output for EMI in the 1960s and 1970s


Morphy Richards - Morphy sold his share of the company to EMI in August 1960, who tried to take-over the company, as did Philips Electrical Industries


Morphy Richards - EMI took over the company in September 1960


Cliff Richard - In 1961, EMI records organised Richard's 21st birthday party at its London headquarters in Manchester Square led by his producer Norrie Paramor


Ernest Lough - In 1962, it became EMI's first million-selling classical record, earning it "gold disc" status


Ernest Lough - This recording continued to sell throughout the twentieth century and by 1962 it was EMI's first million-selling classical record, earning it "gold disc" status


Morphy Richards - On 7 December 1962, Richards joined the board of directors of GEC. In October 1963, it took over the record-player division of EMI. On 15 November 1964, Charles Richards died aged 64 at his house in Buckinghamshire


Rod Stewart - His parallel solo career attempts continued on EMI's Columbia label with the November 1965 release of "The Day Will Come", a more heavily arranged pop attempt, and the April 1966 release of his take on Sam Cooke's "Shake", with the Brian Auger Trinity


Morphy Richards - On 26 May 1966, EMI and AEI, owners of Hotpoint, decided to merge their domestic appliance divisions to form British Domestic Appliances from 1 July 1966


Robert Whitaker (photographer) - It was first published on page 2 of "New Musical Express" on 3 June 1966' in an EMI advertisement promoting the forthcoming single


In 1967, while shifting their pop and rock music roster to Columbia and Parlophone, EMI converted HMV solely to a classical music label exclusively add something


Paul McCartney - Following the break-up of the Beatles, McCartney's music continued to be released by Apple Records under the Beatles' 1967 recording contract with EMI which ran until 1976


John Barbirolli - Late in his career he made several recordings of operas, of which his 1967 set of Puccini's "Madama Butterfly" for EMI is probably the best known


Chris Thomas (record producer) - Looking to break into production, Thomas wrote to Beatles producer George Martin seeking work and in 1967 was employed as an assistant by AIR, an independent production company which had been founded by Martin and three other EMI producers


Morphy Richards - In September 1967, GEC announced it wanted to take over AEI, and on 24 May 1968 GEC agreed to merge its domestic appliance division with BDA. EMI would own a third, and GEC two thirds


Kevin Borich - By 1968 they were based in Sydney and recorded their concept album, "The Happy Prince", in 1969 on EMI


Chris Thomas (record producer) - Thomas allowed to attend sessions at EMI with the Hollies and, in 1968, The Beatles during their sessions for the "White Album"


Paul McCartney - In January 1968, EMI filmed the Beatles for a promotional trailer intended to advertise the animated film "Yellow Submarine", loosely based on the imaginary world evoked by McCartney's 1966 composition


Neil Aspinall - George Martin was against the idea, as he thought that Aspinall did not have the necessary social qualifications to be able to speak to the upper-class executives at EMI. Aspinall accompanied McCartney and Lennon to New York on 11 May 1968, to announce the formation of Apple to the American Media


In 1969, Angus McBean took a matching group photograph featuring the boys in long hair and beards to contrast with the earlier cleancut image in order to show that the boys could have appeal across a wide range of audiences add something


Russell Morris - Released in Australia on EMI's Columbia label, it was the biggest selling Australian single of 1969, and was released when Morris was twenty


Syd Barrett - The Jones-produced sessions started in April 1969 at EMI Studios


Sydney Newman - ABPC was taken over by EMI, becoming EMI Films, and at the end of June 1969, Newman was dismissed from the company, later describing his eighteen months there as "a futile waste"


In the early 1970s, Hounsfield developed the first CAT scanner, a device which revolutionised medical imaging add something


Eric Jupp - The success of the series led to a contract with EMI's Columbia label and a string of popular "Magic of Music" LPs that continued to the mid 1970s


In 1971, Electric & Musical Industries changed its name to EMI Ltd. and a year later EMI phased out most of its heritage labels and replaced the Columbia label with the EMI Records imprint add something


It continued to operate the label with moderate success until 1972, when it was retired and replaced by the EMI Records imprint, so if you see any Columbia Records manufactured outside North America between 1972 and 1992, they are rare indeed add something


Robin Scott - In 1972 he entered the 'Search For A Star' national talent contest, which he won, and was offered a recording contract by EMI, but because they would not support his backing band, he turned down the deal


Syd Barrett - Free from his EMI contract on 9 May 1972, Barrett signed a document that ended his association with the Floyd, and any financial interest in future recordings


In 1973 EMI was awarded a prestigious Queen's Award for Technological Innovation for what was called the "EMI scanner", and in 1979 Hounsfield won the Nobel Prize for his accomplishment add something


Lobby Loyde - Coloured Balls released their debut studio album, "Ball Power", in December on EMI, which peaked at No. 13 on the "Go-Set" National Top 20 albums chart in February 1974


Paul McCartney - Following the formal dissolution of the Beatles' partnership in 1975, McCartney re-signed with EMI worldwide and Capitol in the US and Canada


Paul McCartney - An English court legally dissolved the Beatles on 9 January 1975, though sporadic lawsuits against their record company EMI, Klein and each other persisted until 1989


Andrei Gavrilov - If not stated otherwise, recordings up to 1976 are released on Melodiya, those from 1977 to 1989 on EMI , those from 1991 to 1993 on Deutsche Grammophon


Andrei Gavrilov - From 1977 to 1989 he worked exclusively for EMI


Paul McCartney - In 1978, McCartney signed with Columbia Records for his US releases, leaving EMI's Capitol after fifteen years with the record company


Tina Turner - In 1978, Tina released her third solo album entitled Rough on EMI Records.


Kate Bush - In late 1978, EMI persuaded Bush to quickly record a follow-up album, "Lionheart", to take advantage of the success of "The Kick Inside"


John Ford (musician) - In 1979, Ford hit the charts again with The Monks, a punk project of sorts picked up by EMI, with the surprise novelty double platinum hit, "Nice Legs Shame About the Face" from "Bad Habits" and "Suspended Animation"


Paul McCartney - In 1979, McCartney signed with Columbia Records in the US and Canada reportedly receiving the industry's most lucrative recording contract to date, while remaining with EMI for distribution throughout the rest of the world


Carmen Dragon - Some of these recordings have been reissued by EMI on CD. Dragon appeared as himself briefly at the end of the 1979 film "The In-Laws", conducting the fictitious Paramus Philharmonic


Two years later, the Gramophone Company subsidiary became EMI Records Ltd as well, and in February 1979, EMI Ltd acquired United Artists Records and with it their subsidiary labels Liberty Records and Imperial Records add something


Andre Hazes - In 1980 he signed a contract with EMI, and soon after that his career started to take off


Burning Spear - In 1980, Rodney left Island Records, and set up the Burning Spear label, which he signed to EMI, debuting on the label with Hail H.I.M., recorded at Marley's Tuff Gong studio and co-produced by Aston Barrett.


Paul Haig - After demos recorded for EMI came to nothing, Haig spent most of 1986 writing new material, surviving on PRS royalties from his back catalogue


Kate Bush - EMI has released collections of her videos, including "The Single File", "Hair of the Hound", "The Whole Story", a career video overview released in conjunction with the 1986 compilation album of the same title, and "The Sensual World"


Albert Namatjira - He is referenced in Midnight Oil's song, "Truganani"; "I Am Australian"; John Williamson's "Raining on the Rock" from his 1986 EMI album "Mallee Boy" and "The Camel Boy" from his 2005 EMI album "Chandelier Of Stars" and in Archie Roach's song, "Native Born"


Steve Strange - The group signed with EMI Records and released two singles and an album in 1986, though failed to gain any chart success


Selena - She won Female Vocalist of the Year at the 1987 Tejano Music *awards and landed a recording contract with EMI a few years later


Andre Hazes - In 1989 his career was stalled after several years without record releases and to revive it record company EMI approached Hazes for a new album, asking him what he wanted to do next


Lambert Wilson - Wilson released the album "Musicals" on the EMI label in 1989, with John McGlinn conducting Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte-Carlo


In 1990, following a series of major takeovers that saw CBS Records acquired by the Sony Corporation of Japan, EMI sold its remaining rights to the Columbia name to Sony and the label is now operated exclusively throughout the world by Sony Music Entertainment; except in Japan where the trade mark is owned by Columbia Music Entertainment, add something


Ronnie Ronalde - EMI Australia released a CD with the same title in the 1990s


Keith Urban - In 1990, Urban signed with EMI in Australia and recorded his first solo album, which charted four No. 1 country hits in Australia, New Zealand, and Germany


Davitt Sigerson - He became president of Polydor Records in 1991; president of EMI and Chrysalis Records in 1994; and chairman of Island Records from 1998 to 1999


Simon Climie - After leaving EMI and the final Climie Fisher album "Coming In For The Kill", Climie signed to Sony's Columbia label as a solo artist, releasing an album called "Soul Inspiration" in 1992


Richard Branson - In 1992, to keep his airline company afloat, Branson sold the Virgin label to EMI for £500 million


Syd Barrett - In 1993 EMI issued another release, "Crazy Diamond", a box set of all three albums, each with further out-takes from his solo sessions that illustrated Barrett's inability or refusal to play a song the same way twice


Brenda Russell - Russell signed with EMI and released the album "Soul Talkin"' in 1993


David Balfe - Disenchanted with the alternative scene in the years of "Grunge", Balfe decided to sell the Food label to EMI in 1994, and semi-retire with his young family to the country - inspiring Damon Albarn to pen Blur's first No.1 hit, "Country House"


Glenn Miller - They were stored with HMV/EMI for fifty years, never being released until their copyright expired in Europe in 1994


Erik Truffaz - He signed with the French EMI label in 1996


Due to the increasing divergence of business models, Thorn EMI shareholders voted in favour of demerger proposals on 16 August 1996 add something


Hugo Burnham - After leaving EMI Music, he returned to artist management with Deathray , left Los Angeles for Gloucester, Massachusetts at the end of 1998, adding Little Red Rocket , and Boston rock group C60, to the Huge & Jolly Management roster


Russ Spencer - Originally formed in 1998, Spencer first gained prominence as a member of manufactured pop group "Scooch" who signed to EMI and gained four top twenty hits including their top five single "More Than I Needed to Know", as well as the album "Four Sure"


Vanessa Quinones - In 1999, a cover of the Carly Simon song "Why" was released on EMI Music Germany


Cliff Richard - In 1999, controversy again arose regarding radio stations refusing to play his releases when EMI, Richard's label since 1958, refused to release his latest song, "The Millennium Prayer", having judged that the song did not have commercial potential


Paul Kelly (musician) - "Smoke" was issued on Kelly's new label, Gawdaggie, through EMI Records in October 1999, and peaked at No. 36


Minnie Driver - She began a low-profile return to music in 2000; the following year, she signed with EMI and Rounder Records and performed at SXSW


Russ Spencer - Worldwide, Scooch scored number one singles in Japan and Australia, although were dropped by EMI and disbanded after the disappointing sales of "Four Sure" in 2000


On 21 November 2000, Streamwaves and EMI signed a deal licensing EMI's catalogue in a digital format for their online streaming music service add something


Their best-remembered piece of broadcast television equipment was the EMI 2001 colour television camera, which became the mainstay of much of the British television industry from the end of the 1960s until the early 1980s add something


Gemma Hayes - Hayes signed to the French independent record label, &Source_Records in 2001, and issued the "4,35am" EP and the "Work to a Calm" EP before releasing her debut album, "Night on my Side", in 2002


Gillian Knight - Her other opera recordings include "La damnation de Faust" , and "Dido and Aeneas" , conducted by Davis ; "La forza del destino" , conducted by James_Levine; "Moses und Aron" , conducted by Pierre_Boulez; "Parsifal" and "La traviata" , conducted by Georg Solti; "Rigoletto" , conducted by Richard Bonynge; and ENO's Ring cycle, conducted by Reginald Goodall, recorded live by EMI between 1973 and 1977 and released on CD by Chandos Records in 2001


David McAlmont - In 2001 Butler wrote some songs and reunited with McAlmont, and they were signed by EMI and created the album "Bring It Back" which spawned two single releases, "Falling" and "Bring it Back"


John O'Donnell (music journalist) - He later worked for Sony at the corporate level before leaving for EMI Australia in 2002


Kate Ryan - She signed in with Belgian department of EMI and released her first album "Different" in 2002 exclusively in Europe


John O'Donnell (music journalist) - Ultimately O'Donnell was the CEO of EMI in the Oceania region from 2002 until September 2008


Lukas Rossi - In 2004, Rossi entered into a publishing deal with EMI Music Canada


Marit Larsen - In fall 2005, Larsen recorded her debut album, "Under the Surface", with her new record label, EMI


Apple Records, the record label representing the The Beatles, launched a suit against EMI for non-payment of royalties on 15 December 2005 add something


Brian Protheroe - After remastering his original tapes at Abbey Road Studios, EMI studios released a greatest hits collection called "Pinball and Other Stories" in 2006


Alice (singer) - The year of 2006 alone saw EMI releasing no less than four of these "best of" packages in Continental Europe, Scandinavia and Japan


In May 2006, EMI attempted to buy Warner Music Group, which would have reduced the world's four largest record companies to three; however, the bid was rejected add something


Trina - In 2007, Trina left Atlantic Records and signed to EMI in conjunction with her original label, Slip-n-Slide Records.


Norah Jones - EMI announced that Not Too Late reached gold, platinum or multi-platinum in 21 countries as of February 2007.


Helena Josefsson - On February 28, 2007, Helena Josefsson's first solo album, "Dynamo", was released by EMI and Per Gessle's own company, Elevator Entertainment


Harry James Angus - Jackson Jackson are signed to EMI and their debut album "The Fire Is On The Bird" was released in March 2007


Stan Van Samang - On 7 March 2007 he made a record deal with EMI Group


On 2 April 2007, EMI announced it would begin releasing its music in DRM-free formats add something


Apple Inc. - On April 2, 2007, Apple and EMI jointly announced the removal of DRM technology from EMI's catalog in the iTunes Store, effective in May. Other record labels followed later that year


A legal settlement was announced on 12 April 2007 and terms were undisclosed add something


The higher-quality, DRM-free files became available worldwide on iTunes on 30 May 2007, and are expected to appear on other music download services as well in the near future add something


EMI Music Japan, the Japanese EMI branch, remains unchanged from the reflection of Toshiba's divestiture to the business by EMI buying the whole branch way back July 2007, making it a full subsidiary add something


In 2008, EMI withdrew from the South-East Asian market entirely, forcing its large roster of acts to search out contracts with other unaffiliated labels add something


The cuts were planned to take effect over the year 2008, and will affect up to a third of EMI's 5,500 staff add something


MC Hammer - In 2008, Platinum MC Hammer was released by EMI Records.


As a result, the UK chief executive Tony Wadsworth left EMI after 25 years in January 2008 add something


Tom Baxter - His second album "Skybound" was recorded independently and released on the revived Charisma Records label through EMI after he split with Sony in 2007


At the same time, The Rolling Stones signed a one-album deal with Interscope Records/Universal Music Group outside of its contract with EMI, which expired on February 2008, and in July 2008 signed a new long term deal with Universal Music Group add something


Joss Stone - Stone launched a legal battle in a bid to leave her record label, EMI, and free her of her current three-album deal with the record label in April 2008


The physical audio and video products of the label have been distributed in South-East Asia by Warner Music since December 2008, while new EMI releases in China and Taiwan, were distributed under Gold Typhoon which was previously known as EMI Music China and EMI Music Taiwan, respectively add something


EMI Music Publishing has won the "Music Week" Award for Publisher of the Year every year for over 10 years; in 2009, for the first time in history the award was shared jointly with Universal Music Publishing add something


Jackie Lee - A second CD, 'The Town I Live In', issued in 2009, collects all of her 1966/1967 recordings for EMI. Two further CD anthologies are planned


Danny Aiello - Aiello and EMI songwriter Hasan Johnson are releasing an album in 2009 of standards fused with rap entitled "Bridges


In July 2009, there were reports that EMI would not sell CDs to independent album retailers in a bid to cut costs, but in fact only a handful of small physical retailers were affected add something


In February 2010, EMI Group reported pre-tax losses of £1,75 billion for the year ended March 2009, including write-downs on the value of its music catalogue add something


Damian Kulash - On March 9, 2010, Kulash announced OK Go's departure from EMI via their YouTube channel


Morrissey - In July 2010, it was announced that EMI will reissue the 1990 album "Bona Drag" on its Major Minor imprint, resurrected specifically for the release


Joss Stone - In late August 2010, it was reported that Stone had left EMI and formed her own independent record label, Stone'd Records


In January 2011 Pink Floyd signed a new global agreement with EMI. add something


Morrissey - In February 2011, EMI announced that a brand new compilation, "Very Best of Morrissey", would be released in April that year


The group was put up for sale and final bids were due by 5 October 2011 add something


Glenn Lewis - As of November 9, 2011, Lewis signed with EMI records through IAMP group which is expecting to release an album tentatively scheduled for a late 2012 release


At the time of its break-up in 2012 it was the fourth-largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry and was one of the big four record companies add something


On 21 September 2012, the sale of EMI to UMG was approved in both Europe and the United States by the European Commission and the Federal Trade Commission respectively add something


On 2013 November 14, EMI's Middle Eastern branch was folded into Universal Music, causing the distribution of Warner Music's releases in the said region be moved to Universal Music add something


On 14 November 2013, EMI's Middle Eastern branch was folded into Universal Music, causing the distribution of Warner Music's releases in the said region be moved to Universal Music add something


On June 30, 2014, Universal Music Group has re-established EMI China in Taiwan, with A-Mei, Rainie Yang and Show Luo signing first to the label add something


In May 2016 the history of record label was examined in the hour-long BBC documentary "EMI: The Inside Story" add something