Emma Goldman

Knowledge Identifier: +Emma_Goldman


Emma Goldman

Anarchist known for her political activism, writing, and speeches add

Category: Politics

Born in 1869.

Countries: United States (33%), Germany (11%), Spain (7%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Andrew Carnegie, Ross Winn, Woodrow Wilson

Linked to: The New York Times, Columbia University Press, Socialist Party of America, University of Illinois College of Medicine




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Emma Goldman was born in 1869 add something


Born in Kovno in the Russian Empire , Goldman emigrated to the U.S. in 1885 and lived in New York City , where she joined the burgeoning anarchist movement in 1889 add something


In 1885, Helena made plans to move to New York to join her sister Lena and her husband add something


He finally agreed, and on December 29, 1885, Helena and Emma arrived at New York's Castle Garden add something


First drawn to it during the persecution of anarchists after the 1886 Haymarket affair, she wrote and spoke regularly on behalf of anarchism add something


After four months, they married in February 1887 add something


Josef Peukert - From 1890 he worked with Emma Goldman for several years in New York City


In June 1892, a steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania owned by Andrew Carnegie became the focus of national attention when talks between the Carnegie Steel Company and the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers broke down add something


When the Panic of 1893 struck in the following year, the United States suffered one of its worst economic crises ever add something


Kate Austin - In 1897 and 1899, Emma Goldman visited Austin at her home in Caplinger Mills, Missouri, where she gave several well-attended lectures


In November 1899 she returned to Europe, where she met the anarchist Hippolyte Havel, with whom she went to France and helped organize the International Anarchist Congress on the outskirts of Paris add something


Rudolf Rocker - In November 1899, the prominent American anarchist Emma Goldman visited London and Rocker met her for the first time


In July 1901, he had appeared at the Isaak house, asking a series of unusual questions add something


On September 6, 1901, Leon Czolgosz, an unemployed factory worker and registered Republican with a history of mental illness, shot U.S. President William McKinley twice during a public speaking event in Buffalo, New York add something


Ross Winn - In 1901, Winn met Emma Goldman in Chicago , and found in her a lasting ally


In 1906, Goldman decided to start a publication of her own, "a place of expression for the young idealists in arts and letters" add something


In 1906, Goldman founded the anarchist journal "Mother Earth" add something


Berkman took the helm of "Mother Earth" in 1907, while Goldman toured the country to raise funds to keep it functional add something


In the spring of 1908, Goldman met and fell in love with Ben Reitman, the so-called "Hobo doctor" add something


Louis Post at the Department of Labor, which had ultimate authority over deportation decisions, determined that the revocation of her husband's American citizenship in 1908 had revoked hers as well add something


Leonard D. Abbott - Abbott was influential in the foundation in New York City in 1911 of what was to become the Stelton Modern School, together with other leading anarchists such as Alexander Berkman, Voltairine de Cleyre, and Emma Goldman


Robert Henri - Henri admired anarchist and Mother Earth publisher Emma Goldman, and taught from 1911 at the Modern School.


Ross Winn - In July 1911, Gussie wrote a letter, in secret, to Emma Goldman asking for any possible financial assistance from their allies, knowing that her husband "would rather starve than to beg"


She worked on analytical studies of drama, expanding on the work she had published in 1914 add something


When Margaret Sanger, an advocate of access to contraception, coined the term "birth control" and disseminated information about various methods in the June 1914 issue of her magazine "The Woman Rebel", she received aggressive support from Goldman add something


In 1915 Goldman conducted a nationwide speaking tour in part to raise awareness about contraception options add something


Agnes Inglis - In 1915 Inglis met and befriended Emma Goldman, and shortly thereafter, Goldman's lover and comrade Alexander Berkman


Although U.S. President Woodrow Wilson was re-elected in 1916 under the slogan "He kept us out of the war", at the start of his second term he decided that Germany's continued deployment of unrestricted submarine warfare was sufficient cause for the U.S. to enter World War I add something


In 1917, Goldman and Berkman were sentenced to two years in jail for conspiring to "induce persons not to register" for the newly instated draft add something


On June 15, 1917, Goldman and Berkman were arrested during a raid of their offices which yielded "a wagon load of anarchist records and propaganda" for the authorities add something


Attorney General Alexander Mitchell Palmer and J. Edgar Hoover, head of the U.S. Department of Justice's General Intelligence Division, were intent on using the Anarchist Exclusion Act of 1918 to deport any non-citizens they could identify as advocates of anarchy or revolution add something


Harry Kelly (anarchist) - He was a close friend of Russian anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, alongside whom he worked for years until their deportation under the Anarchist Exclusion Act in 1918


Female ejaculation - Thus we find Almeda Sperry writing to Emma Goldman in 1918, about the "rhythmic spurt of your love juices"


Goldman was released on September 27, 1919 add something


Angelica Balabanoff - She became secretary of the Communist Third International in 1919 and worked alongside Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Grigory Zinoviev, and Emma Goldman, as well as many others


The ship landed her charges in Hanko on Saturday, January 17, 1920 add something


In March 1921, strikes erupted in Petrograd when workers took to the streets demanding better food rations and more union autonomy add something


In December 1921, they left the country and went to the Latvian capital city of Riga add something


In 1923, she wrote a book about her experiences, "My Disillusionment in Russia" add something


Indeed, by 1923 she had nearly reversed her position add something


While Berkman remained in Berlin helping Russian exiles, she moved to London in September 1924 add something


Although they were only distant acquaintances, she accepted and they were married on June 27, 1925 add something


Goldman traveled to Canada in 1927, just in time to receive news of the impending executions of Italian anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti in Boston add something


She maintained an anti-voting position even when many anarcho-syndicalists in 1930s Spain voted for the formation of a liberal republic add something


Victor Dave - In "Living My Life" , Emma Goldman records her favourable impression of Dave during a visit to Paris around 1900:


In February and March 1936, Berkman underwent a pair of prostate gland operations add something


Spanish Civil War - In July 1936, the Spanish Civil War started after an attempted "coup d'├ętat" by parts of the Spanish Army against the government of the Second Spanish Republic add something


In May 1937, however, Communist-led forces attacked anarchist strongholds and broke up agrarian collectives add something


Federica Montseny - Notably, she was involved in polemics with Emma Goldman, and the recipient of the harsh criticism in Camillo Berneri's open letter of 1937

Emma Goldman died in 1940 add something


On Saturday, February 17, 1940, Goldman suffered a debilitating stroke add something


She died in Toronto on May 14, 1940, aged 70 add something


Ethel Mannin's 1941 novel "Red Rose" is based on Goldman's Life add something


After decades of obscurity, Goldman's iconic status was revived in the 1970s, when feminist and anarchist scholars rekindled popular interest in her life add something


In 1970, Dover Press reissued Goldman's biography, "Living My Life", and in 1972, feminist writer Alix Kates Shulman issued a collection of Goldman's writing and speeches, "Red Emma Speaks" add something


The women's movement of the 1970s that "rediscovered" Goldman was accompanied by a resurgent anarchist movement, beginning in the late 1960s, which reinvigorated scholarly attention to earlier anarchists add something


In 1973, Shulman was asked by a printer friend for a quotation by Goldman for use on a t-shirt add something


Goldman has been depicted in numerous works of fiction over the years, perhaps most notably by Maureen Stapleton, who won an Academy award for her role as Goldman in Warren Beatty's 1981 film "Reds" add something


The song was later performed by Gailiunas' new band The Troublemakers and released on their 2004 album "Here Come The Troublemakers" add something


University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007 add something


Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012 add something