Ezra Pound
James Joyce
Dorothy Shakespear

See also

Ernest Hemingway

Knowledge Identifier: +Ernest_Hemingway


Ernest Hemingway

American author and journalistadd

Category: Literature

Born in 1899.

Countries: United States (38%), Spain (8%), United Kingdom (7%)

Main connections: Ezra Pound, Cuba, The Old Man and the Sea

Linked to: The New York Times, Shakespeare and Company, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Tribune




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Ernest Hemingway was born in 1899 add something


He realized how Hadley must have felt after her own father's suicide in 1903, and he commented, "I'll probably go the same way. add something


From 1913 until 1917, Hemingway attended Oak Park, Illinois and River Forest High School where he took part in a number of sports—boxing, track and field, water polo, and football—had good grades in English classes, and with his sister Marcelline performed in the school orchestra for two years. add something


Hemingway and Marcelline both had pieces submitted to The Trapeze; Hemingway's first piece, published in January 1916, was about a local performance by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. add something


Hemingway returned home early in 1919 to a time of readjustment. add something


Agnes and Hemingway planned to marry, but she became engaged to an Italian officer in March 1919, an incident that provided material for the short and bitter work "A Very Short Story". add something


Josephine Herbst - In the 1920s Herbst had made friends with Nathan Asch, Robert McAlmon, William Carlos Williams and Ernest Hemingway, Katherine Anne Porter and John Dos Passos


The American poet Ezra Pound, older than Hemingway by 14 years, met Hemingway by chance at Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Company in 1922. add something


Hemingway was devastated on learning that Hadley had lost a suitcase filled with his manuscripts at the Gare de Lyon as she was traveling to Geneva to meet him in December 1922. add something


Since his first visit to see the bullfighting at the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona in 1923, Hemingway was fascinated by the sport; he saw in it the brutality of war juxtaposed against a sort of cruel beauty. add something


The following September, because Hadley was pregnant, the couple returned to Toronto, where their son John Hadley Nicanor was born on October 10, 1923. add something


The two toured Italy in 1923 and lived on the same street in 1924. add something


Ezra Pound - Although Hemingway was 14 years younger, the two forged a relationship of mutual respect and friendship, living on the same street for a time, and touring Italy together in 1923; as Hemingway biographer Jeffrey Meyers writes, "They liked each other personally, shared the same aesthetic aims, and admired each other's work", with Hemingway assuming the status of pupil to Pound's teaching


Nancy Cunard - Previously the small press had been called Three Mountains Press and run by William Bird, an American journalist in Paris, who had published books by its editor from 1923, Ezra Pound, William Carlos Williams' "The Great American Novel", Robert McAlmond and Ernest Hemingway's "In Our Time"


Hemingway, Hadley and their son returned to Paris in January 1924 and moved into a new apartment on the Rue Notre Dame des Champs. add something


When In Our Time was published in 1925, the dust jacket bore comments from Ford. add something


In June 1925, Hemingway and Hadley left Paris for their third visit to Pamplona accompanied by a group of American and British expatriates. add something


Ezra Pound - In 1925 the literary magazine "This Quarter" dedicated its first issue to Pound, including tributes from Hemingway and Joyce


Ezra Pound - The review published works by Pound, Hemingway and Gertrude Stein, as well as extracts from Joyce's "Finnegans Wake", before the money ran out in 1925


In the spring of 1926, Hadley became aware of his affair with Pauline Pfeiffer, who came with to Pamplona with them that July. add something


The New York Times wrote in 1926 of Hemingway's first novel, "No amount of analysis can convey the quality of The Sun Also Rises. add something


The manuscript arrived in New York in April, he corrected the final proof in Paris in August 1926, and Scribner's published the novel in October. add something


Fine (brandy) - It is notably referenced in Ernest Hemingway's works, including his posthumously published "A Moveable Feast," and in his 1926 novel "The Sun Also Rises":


Dorothy Shakespear - Pound was away at the time of the birth; Dorothy was brought by Hemingway to the hospital to the hospital where Omar Pound was born in the afternoon of 10 September 1926


Ezra Pound - She and Pound left Rapallo for Paris for the premiere of "Le Testament de Villon", without mentioning the pregnancy to Pound's friends or parents, and on 10 September 1926 Hemingway drove Dorothy to the American Hospital of Paris for the birth of a son, Omar


Pfeiffer, who was from a wealthy Catholic Arkansas family, was in Paris working for Vogue. add something


They honeymooned in Le Grau-du-Roi, where he contracted anthrax, and he planned his next collection of short stories, Men Without Women, published in October 1927. add something


In the late spring Hemingway and Pauline traveled to Kansas City, where their son Patrick was born on June 28, 1928. add something


John Dos Passos recommended Key West, Florida, and they left Paris in March 1928. add something


Mabel Mercer - In 1928, she was an unknown member of the black chorus in the London production of "Show Boat", but she had become the toast of Paris by the 1930s, with admirers who included Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude_Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Cole Porter


In Spain during the summer of 1929, Hemingway researched his next work, Death in the Afternoon. add something


Alice Prin - Her autobiography was published in 1929 as "Kiki's Memoirs", with Ernest Hemingway and Tsuguharu Foujita providing introductions


Sherwood Anderson - Set during the 1929 Loray Mill Strike in Gastonia, North Carolina, North Carolina, "Beyond Desire" garnered yet another satirical mention by Ernest Hemingway


Caresse Crosby - They published Kay Boyle's first book-length work, "Short Stories", in 1929, and works by Hart Crane, D. H. Lawrence, Ezra Pound, Archibald MacLeish, Ernest Hemingway, Laurence Sterne, and Eugene Jolas


During the early 1930s Hemingway spent his winters in Key West, Florida and summers in Wyoming, where he found "the most beautiful country he had seen in the American West" and hunting that included deer, elk and grizzly bear. add something


Charles Yale Harrison - Western Front - In 1930, after such anti-war books as Robert Graves's "Goodbye to All That", Ernest Hemingway's "A Farewell to Arms", and Erich Maria Remarque's "All Quiet on the Western Front" became bestsellers, publishers took an interest in "Generals Die in Bed", many elements of which resembled the other books


His books were burned in Berlin in 1933, "as being a monument of modern decadence", and disavowed by his parents as "filth". add something


In 1933 Hemingway and Pauline went on safari to East Africa. add something


Meanwhile he continued to travel to Europe and to Cuba, and although he wrote of Key West, Florida in 1933, "We have a fine house here, and kids are all well," Mellow believes he "was plainly restless. add something


Ezra Pound - Although Hemingway advised against it, on 30 January 1933 Pound met Mussolini himself


Hemingway bought a boat in 1934, named it the Pilar, and began sailing the Caribbean. add something


On Hemingway’s return to Key West, Florida in early 1934, he began work on Green Hills of Africa, which he published in 1935 to mixed reviews. add something


In 1935 he first arrived at Bimini, where he spent a considerable amount of time. add something


Hemingway with Dutch filmmaker Joris Ivens and German writer Ludwig Renn in Spain during Spanish Civil_War, 1937. add something


In 1937 Hemingway agreed to report on the Spanish Civil_War for the North American Newspaper Alliance, arriving in Spain in March with Dutch filmmaker Joris Ivens. add something


To Have and Have Not - "'To Have and Have Not"' is a 1937 novel by Ernest Hemingway about Harry Morgan, a fishing boat captain who runs contraband between Cuba and Florida


Hemingway became depressed as his literary friends died: in 1939 Yeats and Ford_Madox_Ford; in 1940 Scott Fitzgerald; in 1941 Sherwood Anderson and James_Joyce; in 1946 Gertrude_Stein; and the following year in 1947, Max Perkins, Hemingway's long time Scribner's editor and friend. add something


In the spring of 1939, Hemingway crossed to Cuba in his boat to live in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana. add something


Gellhorn inspired him to write his most famous novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls, which he started in March 1939, finished in July 1940, and was published in October 1940. add something


Finnegans Wake - The sketch appeared under the title "From Work in Progress", a term applied to works by Ernest Hemingway and Tristan Tzara published in the same issue, and the one by which Joyce would refer to his final work until its publication as "Finnegans Wake" in 1939


The polydactyl cats at Hemingway's Key West, Florida house arrived after the family's departure in 1940. add something


Lenore Ulric - Ulric returned to Broadway in 1940, acting in "The Fifth Column" by Ernest Hemingway and again in 1947, in a revival of "Antony and Cleopatra"


Elizabeth Bishop - While living there Bishop made the acquaintance of Pauline Pfeiffer Hemingway, who had divorced Ernest Hemingway in 1940


For Whom the Bell Tolls - "'For Whom the Bell Tolls"' is a novel by Ernest Hemingway published in 1940


Zhou Enlai - In 1941, Zhou received a visit from Ernest Hemingway and his wife, Martha


Lillian Hellman - In October 1941, Hellman and Ernest Hemingway co-hosted a dinner to raise money for anti-Nazi activists imprisoned in France


Hemingway said he "was out of business as a writer" from 1942 to 1945. add something


Hoagy Carmichael - In 1943, Carmichael returned to the movies and played "Cricket" in the screen adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's "To Have and Have Not", opposite Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, where he sang "Hong Kong Blues" and "The Rhumba Jumps", and played piano as Bacall sang "How Little We Know"


For Whom the Bell Tolls (film) - "'For Whom the Bell Tolls"' is a 1943 film in Technicolor based on the novel of the same name by Ernest Hemingway


Later that year he was present at heavy fighting in the Hürtgenwald near the end of 1944. add something


Mary Welsh Hemingway - In 1944 she met Ernest Hemingway in London and they became intimate


Howard Hawks - To Have and Have Not, made in 1944, stars Bogart, Bacall and Walter Brennan and is based on a short story by Ernest Hemingway.


Mary Welsh Hemingway - In 1945, Mary Welsh divorced Noel Monks, and in March 1946, she married Ernest Hemingway, the ceremony taking place in Cuba


In 1946 he married Mary, who had an ectopic pregnancy five months later. add something


Angie Dickinson - It was a remake of the 1946 version based on a story by Ernest Hemingway


J. D. Salinger - The two writers began corresponding; Salinger wrote Hemingway in July 1946 that their talks were among his few positive memories of the war.


In 1947 Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during World War II. He was recognized for his valor in having been "under fire in combat areas in order to obtain an accurate picture of conditions", with the commendation that "through his talent of expression, Mr. Hemingway enabled readers to obtain a vivid picture of the difficulties and triumphs of the front-line soldier and his organization in combat". add something


In 1948, Hemingway and Mary traveled to Europe, staying in Venice for several months. add something


Elio Vittorini - The first U.S. edition of the novel, published in 1949, included an introduction from Ernest Hemingway, whose style influenced Vittorini and that novel in particular


Safari jacket - Safari jackets have been worn as mainstream casual clothing since the 1950s, when the look was popularised by Ernest Hemingway


Dorothy Shakespear - Stock, 267 with Dorothy turning to Hemingway for help in the early 1950s, during Pound's incarceration at St. Elizabeths


In 1951, Hemingway wrote the draft of The Old Man and the Sea in eight weeks, considering it "the best I can write ever for all of my life". add something


Elaine Dundy - They married on 25 January 1951, had a daughter Tracy , and became part of the theatrical and film elite of London and Hollywood , traveling about as friends of Ernest Hemingway, Orson_Welles, Tennessee Williams, Gore Vidal, Laurence Olivier and other prominent figures


The Old Man and the Sea became a book-of-the month selection, made Hemingway an international celebrity, and won the Pulitzer Prize in May 1952, a month before he left for his second trip to Africa. add something


Life (magazine) - After "Life"'s publication in 1952 of Ernest Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea", the magazine contracted with the author for a 4,000-word piece on bullfighting

Major work

1952 - The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway


Hemingway at a fishing camp in 1954. add something


In 1954, when Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, it was for "his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style. add something


In 1954, while in Africa, Hemingway was seriously injured in two successive plane crashes. add something


In October 1954 Hemingway received the Nobel Prize in Literature. add something


Henry James - In 1954, when the shades of depression were thickening fast, Ernest Hemingway wrote an emotional letter in which he tried to steady himself as he thought James would: "Pretty soon I will have to throw this away so I better try to be calm like Henry James


Ezra Pound - Shortly after Hemingway won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954, he told "Time" magazine that "this would be a good year to release poets


From the end of the year in 1955 to early 1956, Hemingway was bedridden. add something


Meyer Lansky - Batista endorsed Lansky's idea over the objections of American expatriates such as Ernest Hemingway and the elegant hotel opened for business in 1955 with a show by Eartha Kitt


Fulgencio Batista - Batista endorsed Lansky's idea over the objections of American expatriates such as Ernest Hemingway, and the renovated casino wing opened for business in 1955 with a show by Eartha Kitt


Andrei Tarkovsky - In 1956, Tarkovsky directed his first student short film, The Killers, from a short story of Ernest Hemingway.


Leni Riefenstahl - In 1956, inspired by Ernest Hemingway's 1935 novel "Green Hills of Africa", she began an ambitious film project in Africa drawn from another novel called "Schwarze Fracht"


Ava Gardner - Gardner divorced Sinatra in 1957 and headed to Spain where she began a friendship with writer Ernest Hemingway


Frederick Russell Burnham - Ernest Hemingway acquired the rights to produce a film version of "Scouting on Two Continents" in late 1958


By 1959 he ended a period of intense activity: he finished A Moveable Feast; brought True at First Light to 200,000 words; added chapters to The Garden of Eden; and worked on Islands in the Stream. add something


In 1959 he bought a home overlooking the Big Wood River, outside of Ketchum, and left Cuba—although he apparently remained on easy terms with the Castro government, telling the New York Times he was "delighted" with Castro's overthrow of Batista. add something


Hemingway bird-hunting at Silver Creek, near Picabo, Idaho, January 1959. add something


He was in Cuba in November 1959, between returning from Pamplona and traveling west to Idaho, and the following year for his birthday; however, that year he and Mary decided to leave after hearing the news that Castro wanted to nationalize property owned by Americans and other foreign nationals. add something


Karen Blixen - Blixen was widely respected by contemporaries such as Ernest Hemingway and Truman Capote, and during her tour of the United States in 1959, writers who visited her included Arthur Miller, E. E. Cummings, and Pearl Buck


Meyers writes that "an aura of secrecy surrounds Hemingway's treatment at the Mayo", but confirms he was treated with electroconvulsive therapy as many as 15 times in December 1960, in January 1961 he was "released in ruins". add something


Will Lang, Jr. - After becoming Bureau Head in Paris in 1960, Lang traveled to Spain to help his old friend Ernest Hemingway publish "The Dangerous Summer"


Leni Riefenstahl - In the 1960s, Riefenstahl became interested in Africa from Hemingway's book and from the photographs of George Rodger


After the 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Finca Vigia was expropriated by the Cuban government, complete with Hemingway's collection of "four to six thousand books". add something


Ernest Hemingway died in 1961 add something


The FBI knew Hemingway was at the Mayo, as an agent documented in a letter written in January 1961. add something


Kevin Andrews (writer) - "Athens Alive" followed in 1980, it is a book of writings about Athens from Ovid in AD 7 to Cavafy and Hemingway in the 20th century


Bobbie Ann Mason - Mason's first volume of short stories, "Shiloh and Other Stories", appeared in 1982 and won the 1983 Ernest Hemingway Foundation Award for outstanding first works of fiction


Kaye Gibbons - Her 1987 debut, "Ellen Foster", received the Sue Kaufman Prize for First Fiction from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, a Special Citation from the Ernest Hemingway Foundation, and the The Louis D. Rubin, Jr. Prize in Creative Writing from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Nasser Taghvai - Locarno International Film Festival - "Captain Khorshid" is an adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's "To Have and Have Not", which won the third prize at the 48th Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland in 1988


Medical records made available in 1991 confirm that Hemingway's hemochromatosis had been diagnosed in early 1961. add something


Mellow , 378 In Spain during the summer of 1929, Hemingway researched his next work, "Death in the Afternoon" add something


The 1993 film "Wrestling Ernest Hemingway", about the friendship of two retired men in a seaside town in Florida, is named after a story one of the characters tells about having wrestled Hemingway in the 1930s add something


Burwell , 14 Medical records made available in 1991 confirm that Hemingway's hemochromatosis had been diagnosed in early 1961 add something


Nagel , 87 In 1954, when Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, it was for "his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in "The Old Man and the Sea", and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style add something


Almost exactly 35 years after Ernest Hemingway's death, on July 1, 1996, Margaux Hemingway committed suicide in Santa Monica, California add something


C. Cameron Macauley - In 1996 he was contracted by the JFK Presidential Library to appraise a series of documentary films which Ernest Hemingway co-produced, narrated and appeared in


Reynolds , 548 The FBI had opened a file on him during World War II, when he used the Pilar to patrol the waters off Cuba, and J. Edgar Hoover had the agent in Havana watch Hemingway during the 1950s add something


Le Bal des Debutantes - Dree Hemingway, the granddaughter of Ernest Hemingway, became a model after her Bal appearance in 2003, appearing on the covers of "Vogue" and "Elle"


In a 2004 speech at the John F. Kennedy Library, Russell Banks declared that he, like many male writers of his generation, was influenced by Hemingway's writing philosophy, style, and public image add something


Koch , 134 He returned to Key West for a few months, back to Spain twice in 1938 where he was present at the Battle of the Ebro, the last republican stand, and was among the British and American journalists who were some of the last to leave the battle as they crossed the river add something


Los Alcazares - Los Alcazares was used as a location for the 2008 movie of Ernest Hemingway's posthumous novel "The Garden of Eden", starring Jack Huston, Richard E. Grant and Mena Suvari


Ava Gardner - March 2010 Gardner's friendship with Hemingway led to her becoming a fan of bullfighting and bullfighters such as Luis Miguel Dominguín, who became her lover


Nicole Kidman - In June 2010, TV Guide announced that Kidman and Clive Owen will star in an HBO film about Ernest Hemingway and his relationship with Martha Gellhorn.


On the other hand, in 2012, novelist John Irving rejected most of Hemingway's work "except for a few short stories", saying that the "write-what-you-know dictum has no place in imaginative literature" add something


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Following the November 13, 2015, ISIL attacks in Paris, more than 54 years after the author's death Hemingway's memoir "A Moveable Feast" became a bestseller again in France add something


Stacy Keach - Keach was scheduled to play Ernest Hemingway in Jim McGrath's one-man play "Pamplona" at the Goodman Theatre in Chicago from May 30 to June 25, 2017


Anthony Crivello - In 2019, Crivello portrayed "The Old Man" Santiago in Ernest Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea", adapted for the stage by A.E. Hotchner and Tim Hotchner presented at the Pittsburgh Playhouse on the campus of Point Park University, directed by Ronald Allan-Lindblom and produced by RWS Entertainment Group of New York City/Long Island City, receiving critical praise for his work