Ernst Lubitsch

Knowledge Identifier: +Ernst_Lubitsch

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Ernst Lubitsch

German-born film directoradd

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1892.

Countries: United States (64%), Austria (5%), Hungary (4%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Miriam Hopkins, Otto Preminger, Trouble in Paradise (film)

Linked to: University of Southern California, Jews, Paramount Pictures, The New York Times

 

Timeline


 

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Ernst Lubitsch was born in 1892 add something


1911

He turned his back on his father's tailoring business to enter the theater, and by 1911, he was a member of Max Reinhardt's Deutsches Theater. add something


1913

Carl Wilhelm - The two comedies he shot in 1913 and 1914 with Ernst Lubitsch - "Die Firma heiratet" and "Der Stolz der Firma" - were very successful


1918

In 1918, he made his mark as a serious director with Die Augen der Mumie Ma, starring Pola Negri. add something


1921

Both of these films found American distributorship by early 1921. add something

 

Lubitsch sailed to the United States for the first time in December 1921 for what was intended as a lengthy publicity and professional factfinding tour, scheduled to culminate in the February premiere of Pharaoh. add something


1922

Lubitsch finally left Germany for Hollywood in 1922, contracted as a director by Mary Pickford. add something


1924

Marie Prevost - Director Ernst Lubitsch chose her for a major role opposite Adolphe Menjou in 1924's "The Marriage Circle"

 

Otto Preminger - Preminger expected acclaim for "Laura" would promote him to work on better pictures, but his professional fate was in the hands of Zanuck, who had Preminger take over for the ailing Ernst Lubitsch on "A Royal Scandal", a remake of Lubitsch's own 1924 silent "Forbidden Paradise", starring Pola Negri as Catherine the Great


1926

Philippe De Lacy - He played the young Don Juan at ten years of age in John Barrymore's "Don Juan" , and in 1927 he played the young prince Karl Heinrich in Ernst Lubitsch's memorable "The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg", which starred Ramon Novarro and Norma Shearer


1927

John J. Mescall - He photographed such silent films as Ernst Lubitsch's "The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg" , but he is best known for his work in the 1930s at Universal Pictures, where he often worked on the films of James Whale


1929

Jeanette MacDonald - In 1929, famed film director Ernst Lubitsch was looking through old screen tests of Broadway performers and spotted MacDonald


1932

Torben Meyer - Meyer had small parts as waiters in five different movies during 1932; in German émigré director Ernst Lubitsch's film "Broken Lullaby" starring Lionel Barrymore, in George Cukor's "What Price Hollywood-", where he plays a waiter in the famous Hollywood restaurant 'The Brown Derby', in "Downstairs" starring Paul Lukas, in Mervyn LeRoy's "Big City Blues" starring Joan Blondell and in "The Match King"

 

Miriam Hopkins - Nevertheless her career ascended swiftly thereafter and in 1932 she scored her breakthrough in Ernst Lubitsch's "Trouble in Paradise", where she proved her charm and wit as a beautiful and jealous pickpocket

 

Trouble in Paradise (film) - "'Trouble in Paradise"' is a 1932 American Pre-Code romantic comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Miriam Hopkins, Kay Francis, and Herbert Marshall and featuring Charles Ruggles and Edward Everett Horton


1933

Design for Living (film) - "'Design for Living"' is a 1933 American Pre-Code comedy film produced and directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Fredric March 1933 , Gary Cooper, and Miriam Hopkins


1934

Jeanette MacDonald - In "The Merry Widow" , director Ernst Lubitsch reunited Maurice Chevalier and MacDonald in a lavish version of the classic 1905 Franz Lehár operetta


1935

But it was a project that could only have been made before the enforcement of the Production Code, and after 1935, Trouble in Paradise was withdrawn from circulation. add something

 

In 1935, he was appointed Paramount's production manager, thus becoming the only major Hollywood director to run a large studio. add something


1936

In 1936, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. add something


1938

They had one daughter, Nicola Lubitsch, on October 27, 1938. add something

 

Gottfried Reinhardt - In Hollywood he became assistant director of Ernst Lubitsch, later a production assistant at the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios, contributing to the making of the 1938 film "The Great Waltz"


1939

In 1939, Lubitsch moved to MGM, and directed Greta Garbo in Ninotchka. add something

 

Ina Claire - In films, she is best known as the Grand Duchess in the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer political satire "Ninotchka" directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo

 

Billy Wilder - Wilder's first significant success was Ninotchka in 1939, a collaboration with fellow German immigrant Ernst Lubitsch.


1940

In 1940, he directed The Shop Around the Corner, an artful comedy of cross purposes. add something

 

The Shop Around the Corner - "'The Shop Around the Corner"' is a 1940 American romantic comedy film produced and directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring James Stewart, Margaret Sullavan, and Frank Morgan


1941

Lubitsch went independent to direct That Uncertain Feeling, and the dark anti-Nazi farce To Be or Not to Be, which was Jack Benny's only major screen success and Carole Lombard's last picture. add something


1942

The Great Dictator - Indeed, Ernst Lubitsch's 1942 "To Be or Not To Be" dealt with similar themes, even including another mistaken-identity Hitler figure


1943

Gene Tierney - Receiving top billing in Ernst Lubitsch's classic 1943 comedy "Heaven Can Wait" as Martha Strable Van Cleve signaled an upward turn in Tierney's career, and her popularity increased


1946

Cluny Brown - "'Cluny Brown"' is a 1946 film made by Twentieth Century-Fox, directed and produced by Ernst Lubitsch


1947

Ernst Lubitsch died in 1947 add something

 

In March 1947, Lubitsch was awarded a Special Academy Award for his "25-year contribution to motion pictures". add something

 

Obituary "Variety", December 3, 1947, page 55 add something

 

Otto Preminger - Betty Grable was cast opposite Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. The film had previously been another Lubitsch project, but after his sudden death in November 1947, Preminger took over


1948

His last film, "That Lady in Ermine" with Betty Grable, was completed by Otto Preminger and released posthumously in 1948 add something


1983

Mel Brooks - In 1983 Brooks produced and starred in a remake of the classic 1942 Ernst Lubitsch film.


2003

The film was never available on videocassette and only became available on DVD in 2003 add something


2010

St. Louis International Film Festival - SLIFF has commissioned two new film scores composed and premiered at the festival by The Rats & People Motion Picture Orchestra: Benjamin Christensen's "Häxan" for the 2010 festival and Ernst Lubitsch's "Die Bergkatze" for the 2011 festival