Knowledge Identifier: &European_Coal_and_Steel_Community
Founded in 1952.
Countries: Europe (39%), France (19%), Germany (10%)
Linked to: Social Democratic Party of Germany, Benelux
European Court of Justice - Luxembourg was chosen as the provisional seat of the Court on 23 July 1952 with the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community
Hans von der Groeben - From 1953 he represented the Federal Government in the coordinating committee of the European Coal and Steel Community
Jean Fourastie - From 1954 to 1957, he led the European Coal and Steel Community's study group on the conditions and effects of technical progress in the steel industry
Walter Hallstein - In 1955 the foreign ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community met at Messina, among other things to nominate a member of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community and to appoint its new president and vice-presidents for the period ending 10 February 1957
Eelco van Kleffens - Van Kleffens was the Dutch representative at NATO and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development from 1956 to 1958, and at the European Coal and Steel Community from 1958 until 1967, after which Van Kleffens retired to Portugal, where he died on June 17, 1983
Charles de Gaulle - Under the inspiration of the French statesmen Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, together with the German leader Konrad Adenauer, the rift between the two nations had begun to heal and along with Italy and the Benelux countries, they formed the European Coal and Steel Community, which following the Treaty of Rome of 1957 became the European Economic Community, known as the Common Market, beginning around the same time as de Gaulle's presidency.
Paul Erdman - In 1958 he worked as a financial analyst for the European Coal and Steel Community
Piero Malvestiti - However, in September 1959 he resigned from the commission as he was elected President of the European Coal and Steel Community, a position he held until November 1963
In 1967 all its institutions were merged with that of the European Economic Community, but it retained its own independent legal personality
The Common Assembly representatives were to be national MPs delegated each year by their Parliaments to the Assembly or directly elected 'by universal suffrage' , though in practice it was the former, as there was no requirement for elections until the Treaties of Rome and no actual election until 1979, as Rome required agreement in the Council on the electoral system first
In 2002 the Treaty of Paris expired and all the ECSC activities and resources were absorbed by the European Union