European Commission

Knowledge Identifier: &European_Commission


European Commission

Executive body of the European Union add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1958.

Countries: (20%), Europe (15%), United Kingdom (12%)

Main connections: European Union, European Parliament, Walter Hallstein

Linked to: European Parliament, European Council, Council of the European Union, European Court of Justice




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about European Commission.


Michel Rasquin - He was appointed Luxembourg's representative on the inaugural European Commission, the Hallstein Commission, which took office in January 1958


Hans von der Groeben - When the Treaty of Rome came into effect on 1 January 1958, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer appointed Von der Groeben as the second German member of the first European Commission, along with Walter Hallstein who became the commission president


Walter Hallstein led the first Commission of the EEC, holding the first formal meeting on 16 January 1958 at the Castle of the Valley of the Duchess add something


Lambert Schaus - On 18 June 1958 Schaus was appointed Luxembourg's representative on the inaugural European Commission, the Hallstein Commission, to replace the recently deceased Michel Rasquin


Lionello Levi Sandri - He was appointed to the first European Commission in December 1960 as the successor to Giuseppe Petrilli in the Hallstein Commission and was responsible for the Social Affairs portfolio, in addition to overseas states and territories


However, in 1965 accumulating differences between the French government of Charles de Gaulle and the other member states triggered the "empty chair" crisis ostensibly over proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy add something


Merger Treaty - The three bodies, collectively named the "'European Executives"', co-existed until 1 July 1967 when, under the Merger Treaty, they were combined into a single administration under President Jean Rey add something


The Rey Commission completed the Community's customs union in 1968 and campaigned for a more powerful, elected, European Parliament add something


Altiero Spinelli - In 1970, he was nominated by the Italian government to be a member of the European Commission from 1970 to 1976, taking responsibility for industrial policy in order to develop European policies in a new field


The Malfatti and Mansholt Commissions followed with work on monetary co-operation and the first enlargement to the north in 1973 add something


George Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth - A strong European, he was one of the first British Commissioners of the European Community from 1973 to 1977, with responsibility for regional policy


Niels Helveg Petersen - Niels Helveg Petersen entered Parliament at a young age and became a civil servant in the European Commission in 1974


Alex Eadie - Eadie promoted research into wave, tidal and geothermal energy, and in 1976 secured the Joint European Torus nuclear fusion project for Oxfordshire, when the European Commission recommendation was for Italy


Raymond Vouel - On 21 July 1976, Vouel left the government to join the European Commission as Commissioner for Competition


Social Democratic Party (UK) - At the time of the SDP's creation, Owen and Rodgers were sitting Labour Members of Parliament ; Jenkins had left Parliament in 1977 to serve as President of the European Commission, while Williams had lost her seat in the 1979 general election


Dermot Gleeson (BBC) - Gleeson graduated from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, worked in the Conservative Party Research Office and served in Sir Christopher Tugendhat's cabinet in the European Commission from 1977 to 1979


David Williamson, Baron Williamson of Horton - He was Deputy Director-General for Agriculture in the European Commission from 1977 to 1983 and Secretary-General of the European Commission from 1987 to 1997


The external representation of the Community took a step forward when President Roy Jenkins, recruited to the presidency in January 1977 from his role as Home Secretary of the United Kingdom's Labour government, became the first President to attend a G8 summit on behalf of the Community add something


Peter Westmacott - In 1978, he was sent to the European Commission in Brussels , and from 1980 to 1984 he was in Paris


Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield - He served as Minister of State at the Treasury from 1979 to 1982, as Secretary of State for Trade from 1982 until 1983, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1983 until 1984, and as a member of the European Commission from 1984 to 1988


Noel Devisch - From 1981 until 1984 he was a European Commission official in Brussels


Arthur D. Little - In 1981, ADL produced the European Commission's first white paper on telecommunications deregulation, having completed the first worldwide telecommunications database on phones installed, markets, technical trends, services and regulatory information


Savvas Tsitouridis - Tsitouridis worked for the European Commission in Brussels from 1981 to 1990 and 1995 to 1996 on matters pertaining to agriculture, competition, state subsidies and the internal market


Richmond (Yorks) (UK Parliament constituency) - From 1983, the seat was represented by the cabinet minister Leon Brittan, after boundary changes saw his Cleveland and Whitby seat abolished; however he resigned from the Commons in December 1988 in order to take up the position of Vice-President of the European Commission


Jonathan Michie - In 1983 he moved to the Economics Department of the Trades Union Congress and in 1988 to Brussels as an Expert to the European Commission, before becoming an academic at the University of Cambridge in 1990


Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield - Lord Cockfield resigned from the cabinet in September 1984 in order to join the European Commission as commissioner for Internal Market Tax Law and Customs under Jacques Delors, and a Vice-President of the first Delors Commission


In his first term, from 1985 to 1988, he rallied Europe to the call of the single market, and when appointed to a second term he began urging Europeans toward the far more ambitious goals of economic, monetary and political union add something


Noel Devisch - From 1985 until 1988, he was a member of the Cabinet Frans Andriessen, Vice-President of the European Commission


Belgacom - In 1987, the European Commission published its Green Paper on telecommunications, which focused on liberalization


Gerd Langguth - From 1988 to 1993, he was head of the European Commission's representation in Germany, in Bonn


Luc Coene - He was a Visiting Scholar at the IMF from June 1988 until November 1988 and an Economic adviser at the ECFIN Directorate of the European Commission from January 1989 until January 1992


Leon Brittan - He was made European Commissioner for Competition at the European Commission early in 1989, resigning as an MP to take the position


Jonathan Glover - In 1989 the European Commission hired Glover to head a panel on embryo research in Europe


Martin Bangemann - In 1989, Bangemann joined the European Commission


Peter Altmaier - He worked for the European Commission from 1990 to 1994


Microsoft - In the 1990s, critics began to contend that Microsoft used monopolistic business practices and anti-competitive strategies including refusal to deal and tying, put unreasonable restrictions in the use of its software, and used misrepresentative marketing tactics; both the U.S. Department of Justice and European Commission found the company in violation of antitrust laws


Astrid Grafin von Hardenberg - She worked till 1990 for the European Commission in Brussels


Lousewies van der Laan - Between 1991 and 1994 she worked for TACIS of the European Commission, where she was responsible for environmental projects


Antonio Ruberti - He was appointed to the European Commission by the Italian government 1993, when he joined the Delors Commission with the portfolio covering science, research, technological development and education


Robert Cailliau - In 1993, in collaboration with the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Cailliau started the European Commission's first web-based project for information dissemination in Europe


Axel Voss - From 1994 he worked as a lawyer and was Citizens' adviser of the European Commission at the regional Commission Representation in Bonn


Robert Cailliau - In 1994 Cailliau started the "Web for Schools" project with the European Commission, introducing the web as a resource for education


Erkki Liikanen - In 1994 Liikanen became the first Finnish Member of the European Commission


Ulrich von Hassell - Ulrich von Hassell is the grandfather of Agostino von Hassell, a noted author on military and war history; and of Corrado Pirzio-Biroli former civil servant of the European Commission and ambassador of the EU to Austria during the Austrian European Union membership referendum, 1994


Nick Clegg - In April 1994, he took up a post at the European Commission, working in the TACIS aid programme to the former Soviet Union


China Europe International Business School - Established under an agreement between the Chinese government and the European Commission in Shanghai in November 1994, CEIBS was the first business school in mainland China to offer a full-time MBA, an Executive MBA and a wide range of Executive Development programs


Anita Gradin - From 1995 to 1999 she was a member of the European Commission responsible for Immigration, home affairs and justice; relations with the Ombudsman; Financial Control and Fraud prevention


Leon Brittan - In 1995 he became European Commissioner for Trade and European Commissioner for External Affairs, serving as Vice-President of the European Commission


CNIL - In 1995, the European Commission voted through a directive in this manner


Ana de Palacio y del Valle-Lersundi - Her sister, Loyola de Palacio, was a minister in the Spanish government from 1996 to 1998, and a member of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004


Loyola de Palacio - She was a minister in the Spanish government from 1996 to 1998, and a member of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004


The entire Santer Commission was forced to resign in 1999 by the Parliament as result of fraud and corruption scandal, with a central role played by Édith Cresson add something


Romano Prodi - In September 1999 Prodi, a prominent pro-European, became President of the European Commission, thanks to the support of both the conservative European People's Party and social-democratic Party of European Socialists in the European Parliament


Loyola de Palacio - She joined the European Commission on 13 September 1999, as commissioner for energy and transport, in the Prodi Commission


However since the global downturn by 2010 the press corps in Brussels shrunk by a third add something


Mailis Reps - From 2000 to 2001 Mailis Rand worked in the European Commission Directorate-General of Personnel and Administration


Nice Treaty - Powers were strengthened again with the Nice Treaty in 2001 giving the President more power over the composition of their Commission add something


Honeywell - The merger was cleared by American authorities but was blocked by the European Commission's competition commissioner, Mario Monti, on July 3, 2001


Galileo (satellite navigation) - The European Commission had some difficulty funding the project's next stage, after several allegedly "per annum" sales projection graphs for the project were exposed in November 2001 as "cumulative" projections


A Commission officer Guido Strack reported alleged fraud and abuses in his department in years 2002-2004 to OLAF and was fired as result add something


Axel Kahn - He was named in 2002 as a counsellor for biosciences and biotechnologies matters by the European Commission


Allegations of fraud and corruption were again raised in 2004 by former chief auditor Jules Muis add something


The Barroso Commission was the first full Commission since the enlargement in 2004 to 25 members and hence the number of Commissioners at the end of the Prodi Commission had reached 30 add something


The present Commission, the Barroso Commission, took office in late 2004 after being delayed by objections from the Parliament, which forced a reshuffle add something


Neelie Kroes - As a European Commissioner for Competition one of her first tasks in 2004 was to oversee the sanctions against Microsoft by the European Commission, known as the European Union Microsoft competition case


Friedrich Wetter - Cardinal Wetter criticized in 2004 the Italian government's withdrawal of its nomination of Rocco Buttiglione to the European Commission


Daniel Cohn-Bendit - Just as in the former structure, only delegates from national parties were allowed to vote, individual supporters were only entitled to receive information, and all other federations of European parties had to adapt their statuses later in 2004 to the new regulations from the European Commission about European political parties, in order to continue receive public funding


Edmund Stoiber - In February 2004 Edmund Stoiber became a candidate of Jacques Chirac and Gerhard Schröder for the presidency of the European Commission but he decided not to run for this office


KLM - In February 2004, the European Commission and US Department of Justice approved the proposed merger of Air France and KLM. In April 2004 an exchange offer took place in which KLM shareholders exchanged their KLM shares for Air France shares


Jo Cornu - Since 2005 Jo Cornu is President of ISTAG-group of the European Commission


Paul van Buitenen - In May 2005, he asked the European Commission to create an investigation, after learning that Frits Bolkestein was a member of the Russian Bank Menatep's international consultative council and that he had worked for the Shell British-Dutch petrol company, two firms "detaining secret accounts in Clearstream"


In 2006, a toxic waste spill off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, from a European ship, prompted the Commission to look into legislation against toxic waste add something


Booz Allen Hamilton - In 2006 at the request of the Article 29 Working Group, an advisory group to the European Commission , the American Civil Liberties Union and Privacy International investigated the U.S. government's SWIFT surveillance program and Booz Allen's role therein


Saparmurat Niyazov - In 2006 the European Commission and the international trade committee of the European Parliament voted to grant Turkmenistan "most favoured nation" trading status with the European Union, widely seen as motivated by interest in natural gas, after Niyazov announced he would enter a "human rights dialogue" with the EU.


Vittorio Grigolo - The European Commission of the EU granted Grigolo and Romano Musumarra a European Border Breakers *award, along with the record company, authors and publishers, for recording the highest sales for a debut album in 2006 within the European Union, but outside of its country of production


BBC - Initial content was made available in January 2006 however BBC Jam was suspended on 20 March 2007 due to allegations made to the European Commission that it was damaging the interests of the commercial sector of the industry


France 24 - The European Commission gave the green light to France 24 in June 2006, saying it did not breach European Union state aid rules


Pilkington - The acquisition was completed in June 2006, after the European Commission stated that it would not be opposed


In 2007 the Commission increased from 25 to 27 members with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria who each appointed their own Commissioners add something


There is a larger press corps in Brussels than Washington D.C.; in 2007 media outlets in every Union member-state had a Brussels correspondent add something


Ryanair - However, the bid is likely to face a stiff challenge from the European Commission, which blocked an earlier 2007 bid


Jeremy Rifkin - The Third Industrial Revolution was formally endorsed by the European Parliament in 2007 and is now being implemented by various agencies within the European Commission


Following the accession of Romania and Bulgaria in January 2007, this clause took effect for the next Commission add something


Interchange fee - In January 2007, the European Commission issued the results of a two-year inquiry into the retail banking sector


Intel - In July 2007, the European Commission accused Intel of anti-competitive practices, mostly against AMD


YKK Group - On September 19, 2007 YKK was fined 150,3 million euros by the European Commission for running worldwide price-fixing cartels and sharing markets with zip-makers Prym and Coats


Interchange fee - On December 19, 2007, the European Commission issued a decision prohibiting MasterCard's multilateral interchange fee for cross-border payment card transactions with MasterCard and Maestro branded debit and consumer credit cards


However, the Council and Parliament may request the Commission to draft legislation, though the Commission does have the power to refuse to do so as it did in 2008 over transnational collective conventions add something


However, the treaty was rejected by voters in Ireland in 2008 with one main concern being the loss of their Commissioner add something


Eli Lilly and Company - In 2008 Lilly's activities included research projects within the framework of the Innovative Medicines Initiative, a public-private research initiative in Europe that is a joint effort of the EFPIA and the European Commission


Freedom of information laws by country - Since 2008, the European Commission operates the Register of Interest representatives, a voluntary register of lobbyists at the European union


Loyola de Palacio - Since 2008, the European Commission has created a European Policy Chair named "Loyola de Palacio" in the Robert Schuman Center in advanced Studies in the European University Institute in Italy


PRS for Music - The European Commission decided in 2008 that the cross-licensing agreements formed by 24 collecting societies in Europe were in violation of anti-competition laws


Interchange fee - On March 26, 2008, the European Commission opened an investigation into Visa's multilateral interchange fees for cross-border transactions within the EEA as well as into the "Honor All Cards" rule


Activision Blizzard - In April 2008, the European Commission permitted the merger to take place


Navteq - The European Commission in July 2008 ruled the deal did not violate antitrust rules clearing the way for closing the deal


In 2009, the Lisbon Treaty was not in force and Barroso was not "elected" by the Parliament, but rather nominated by the European Council; in any case, the centre-right parties of the EU pressured for a candidate from their own ranks add something


Since 2009 the First Vice President has gained further power by being the High Representative add something


This guarantee contributed to the Irish approving the treaty in a second referendum in 2009 add something


HSBA Hamburg School of Business Administration - HSBA has been granted the Erasmus University Charta by the European Commission in 2009


Paul van Buitenen - After the European elections of June 2009 Van Buitenen returned to the European Commission, this time in DG RTD, at a stone's throw from the European Parliament


Garuda Indonesia - In July 2009, following a third mission led again by Federico Grandini, the European Commission lifted Garuda Indonesia's ban from flying into Europe


Galileo (satellite navigation) - In October 2009, the European Commission cut the number of satellites from 28 to 22, with plans to order the remaining six at a later time


Barroso's first Commission term expired on 31 October 2009 add something


Standard & Poor's - In November 2009, ten months after launching an investigation, the European Commission formally charged S&P with abusing its position as the sole provider of international securities identification codes for United States of America securities by requiring European financial firms and data vendors to pay licensing fees for their use


The Treaty of Lisbon, which came into force on 1 December 2009, mandated a reduction of the number of commissioners to two thirds of member-states from 2014 unless the Council decided otherwise add something


In 2010 the Commission was sued for blocking access to documents on EU biofuel policy add something


Lufthansa - In 2010, Lufthansa was named in a European Commission investigation into price-fixing, but was not fined due to acting as a whistleblower


Kristalina Georgieva - On 21 January 2010 the European Commission President José Manuel Barroso met with Georgieva and expressed his approval, stating that "Mrs. Georgieva has solid international experience and knowledge with which she is going to contribute significantly in her capacity as a EU Commissioner


Virgin Media - On 22 January 2010, the European Commission confirmed that although Virgin Media had not contacted them, it would "closely monitor" the trial


Connie Hedegaard - Taking up her new position at the European Commission on 10 February 2010, Connie Hedegaard stressed the importance of climate change in the 21st century


Central Bank of Ireland - The European Commission in a November 2010 review of the financial crisis said Some national supervisory authorities failed dramatically


European Union Institute for Security Studies - In 2011, the EUISS, in its role as the European agency for strategic studies, was chosen by the European Commission to prepare and deliver the final reports of the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System


Unilever - In April 2011, Unilever was fined 104m euros by the European Commission for establishing a price-fixing cartel in Europe along with P&G, who was fined 211,2m euros, and Henkel


Schengen Area - The European Commission is expected to unveil revised rules governing the possible temporary re-establishment of internal border controls in September 2011


FC Sion - On 31 October 2011, Sion sent a complaint to the European Commission


New York Stock Exchange - On February 1, 2012, the European Commission blocked the merger of NYSE with Deutsche Börse, after commissioner Joaquin Almunia stated that the merger "would have led to a near-monopoly in European financial derivatives worldwide"


Jeremy Rifkin - On May 29, 2012, Rifkin delivered the keynote address at the European Commission Conference: Mission Growth; Europe at the Lead of the New Industrial Revolution


According to figures published by the Commission, 23,803 persons were employed by the Commission as officials and temporary agents in September 2012 add something


Gazprom - On 4 September 2012, the European Commission said it had launched an anti-trust case against Gazprom


United Parcel Service - However, the deal fell through in January 2013 after it was announced that UPS had failed to obtain permission from the European Commission and as such had been blocked on competition grounds


Antonio Tajani - Moreover, in February 2013 the European Commission further reinforced market surveillance through a plan to reinforce the controls of the products in the internal market


Antonio Tajani - In March 2013 Tajani, along with Commissioner Olli Rehn said that the European Commission is ready to acknowledge "mitigating factors" on the assessment of compliance with the deficit and debt criteria, in the context of a plan for the disposal of old debts of the public administration to enterprises


Antonio Tajani - In March 2013 the President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso has appointed Tajani to lead the new EU-Brazil working group, which will include the European Commissioner for Trade Karel de Gucht and European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science Máire Geoghegan-Quinn


Constitutional Court of Hungary - On the 8th of March 2013, in a letter to the European commission, Guido Westerwelle, the German foreign minister, and counterparts in Denmark, the Netherlands and Finland called for the European Union to be given new powers allowing it to freeze EU budget funds to a member state in breach of Europe's "fundamental values


BP - BP's London offices, along with those of Royal Dutch Shell and Statoil, were raided in May 2013 by regulators from the European Commission, beginning an investigation into allegations the companies reported distorted prices to the price reporting agency Platts, in order to "manipulate the published prices" for several oil and biofuel products


European Union - On 13 June 2013, Iceland's Foreign Minister Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson informed the European Commission that the newly elected government intended to "put negotiations on hold"


In the face of high-level criticism, the Commission is due to shut down Presseurop on 20 December 2013 add something


The European Commission has an Action Plan to enhance preparedness against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security risks as part of its anti-terrorism package released in October 2017 add something