European Council

Knowledge Identifier: &European_Council


European Council

Institution of the European Union add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1975.

Countries: Europe (31%), (9%), France (7%)

Main connections: European Union, Herman Van Rompuy, European Parliament

Linked to: Council of the European Union, President of the European Central Bank, European political party, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe




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Treaty of Lisbon - The European Council was established as an informal body in 1975; it became an official EU institution in 2009 when the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force add something


The inaugural "European Council", as it became known, was held in Dublin on 10 and 11 March 1975 during Ireland's first Presidency of the Council of the European Union add something


Charles Fletcher-Cooke - Fletcher-Cooke went on to be a delegate to the Consultative Assembly of the European Council and a Member of the European Parliament from 1977 to 1979


Central Bank of Ireland - In April 1978, the European Council meeting in Copenhagen decided to create a "zone of monetary stability" in Europe, and European Economic Community institutions were invited to consider how to create such a zone


Maastricht Treaty - In 1987, it was included in the treaties for the first time and had a defined role for the first time in the Maastricht Treaty add something


European Parliament - A final agreement was eventually reached by the European Council in 1992


European Court of Justice - The decision was confirmed by the European Council at Edinburgh in 1992


Ivo Sanader - Amongst other factors contributing to the positive opinion of the European Commission and the European Council regarding Croatia's bid to become an EU member were Croatia's cooperation with the ICTY, continued economic growth and the country's compliance with political and economic criteria established by the 1993 Copenhagen European Council


European Union - To join the EU a country must meet the Copenhagen criteria, defined at the 1993 Copenhagen European Council


Grugahalle - In 1994 the European Council summit convened there


Lawful interception - In the European Union, the European Council Resolution of 17 January 1995 on the Lawful Interception of Telecommunications mandated similar measures to CALEA on a pan-European basis


Helmut Kohl - In 1998, Kohl was named Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European heads of state or government for his extraordinary work for European integration and cooperation, an honour previously only bestowed on Jean Monnet


European Union - Following the Kosovo War in 1999, the European Council agreed that "the Union must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and the readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO"


Antonio Guterres - Guterres was re-elected in 1999, and from January to July 2000, he occupied the Presidency of the European Council


Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - In 1999 the European Council proposed that a "body composed of representatives of the Heads of State and Government and of the President of the Commission as well as of members of the European Parliament and national parliaments" should be formed to draft a fundamental rights charter


Economy of Greece - Greece was accepted into the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union by the European Council on 19 June 2000, based on a number of criteria using 1999 as the reference year


In addition to usual European Councils, there are the occasional extraordinary meetings, as for example in 2001 when the European Council gathered to lead the EU's response to the 11 September attacks add something


Sylvie Goulard - Political advisor to Romano Prodi when he was President of the European Commission, from 2001 to 2004, she followed the work of the Convention presided by Valéry Giscard d'Estaing which was primarily made up of members of national parliaments, who had been charged by the European Council to draft a European constitution


Giuliano Amato - In December 2001, European Union leaders at the European Council in Laeken appointed Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene to be Vice Presidents of the Convention on the Future of Europe to assist former French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in the drafting of the new European Constitution


Between 2002 and 2004, half the councils were held in Brussels and, after the 2004 enlargement, all were add something


However, the 22nd declaration attached to the Treaty of Nice stated that; "As from 2002, one European Council meeting per Presidency will be held in Brussels add something


Until 2002, the venue of the council meeting rotated between member states, as its location was decided by the country holding the rotating presidency add something



European Parliament - In 2004, following the largest trans-national election in history, despite the European Council choosing a President from the largest political group , the Parliament again exerted pressure on the Commission


Elections to the European Parliament - This was partly put into practice in 2004 when the European Council selected a candidate from the political party which won that year's election


Concession (contract) - Works concessions have been subject to award rules for some time as Directive 2004/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the European Council on public procurement applied to works concessions, and the award of services concessions with a cross-border interest has been subject to the principles of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union


European Union - The introduction of a mandatory and comprehensive European energy policy was approved at the meeting of the European Council in October 2005, and the first draft policy was published in January 2007


Lisbon Treaty - In 2007, the new situation for locating meetings became a source of contention with the Portuguese government wanting to sign the Lisbon Treaty in Lisbon, Portugal add something


Segi (organization) - In its decision, on 27 February 2007, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice dismissed the appeal of the illegal Basque organisation "Gestoras Pro Amnistia" and Segi members against their dismissal by the European Council with claims for damages suffered as a result of inclusion in the "terrorist list"


Treaty of Lisbon - On 21 June 2007, the European Council of heads of states or governments met in Brussels to agree upon the foundation of a new treaty to replace the rejected Constitution


Treaty of Lisbon - At the meeting of the European Council in October 2007, Portugal insisted that the Treaty be signed in Lisbon, the Portuguese capital


Treaty of Lisbon - At the European Council meeting on 18 and 19 October 2007 in Lisbon, a few last-minute concessions were made to ensure the signing of the treaty


In 2008, having become Finnish Foreign Minister, Stubb was forced out of the Finnish delegation to the emergency council meeting on the Georgian crisis because the President wanted to attend the high profile summit as well as the Prime Minister add something


It started the work in December 2008 and presented its report to the European Council in May 2010 add something


Treaty of Lisbon - Following the first Irish referendum on Lisbon, the European Council decided in December 2008 to revert to one Commissioner per member state with effect from the date of entry into force of the Treaty


European integration - In 2009 the European Council approved the ://balticsea-region-strategy


Tony Blair - In 2009, there was speculation in the media that Blair was open to the idea of becoming the first President of the European Council, a post created in the Treaty of Lisbon that would come into force in 2009, if successfully ratified.


Eurojust - In particular, it states that in the field of judicial co-operation, the European Council emphasises the need for Member States and Eurojust to implement thoroughly Council Decision 2009/426/JHA of 16 December 2008 on the strengthening of Eurojust, which, together with the Lisbon Treaty, offers an opportunity for the further development of Eurojust in the coming years, including in relation to initiation of investigations and resolving conflicts of competence


Aerial application - Most notably, in 2009 the European Union prohibited aerial spraying of pesticides with a few highly restricted exceptions in article 9 of "Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides", which effectively ended most aerial application in all member states and overseas territories


Aerial application - Most notably, in 2009 the European Union prohibited aerial spraying of pesticides with a few highly restricted exceptions in article 9 of "Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides", which effectively ended most aerial application in all member states and overseas territories


Libertas Poland - On 11 February 2009, Libertas Poland held a press conference concerning the emergency meeting of the European Council


Jose Manuel Barroso - On the same basis, the EPP again endorsed Barroso for a second term during the 2009 European election campaign and, after the EPP again won the elections, was able to secure his nomination by the European Council on 17 June 2009


European Parliament - Barroso gained the support of the European Council for a second term and secured majority support from the Parliament in September 2009


Herman Van Rompuy - Treaty of Lisbon - On 19 November 2009 Van Rompuy was elected by the members of the European Council as the first full-time President of the European Council under the Treaty of Lisbon


European Union - On 19 November 2009, Herman Van Rompuy was chosen as the first permanent President of the European Council


Herman Van Rompuy - On 19 November 2009, Van Rompuy was chosen unanimously by the European Council, at an informal meeting in Brussels, to be the first full-time President of the European Council; for the period of 1 December 2009 until 31 May 2012


Following the ratification of the treaty in December 2009, the European Council elected the then-Prime Minister of Belgium Herman Van Rompuy as its first permanent president add something


European Space Agency - Space policy has since December 2009 been an area for voting in the European Council


European Parliament election, 2014 - Lisbon Treaty - The Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, provides that the European Parliament shall elect the president of the European Commission on the basis of a proposal made by the European Council, taking into account the European elections


European Union - On 1 December 2009, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force and reformed many aspects of the EU. In particular it changed the legal structure of the European Union, merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity provisioned with legal personality, and it created a permanent President of the European Council, the first of which is Herman Van Rompuy, and a strengthened High Representative, Catherine Ashton


A number of ad hoc meetings of Heads of State or Government of the Euro area countries were held in 2010 and 2011 to discuss the Sovereign Debt crisis add something


Euro summit - In its informal capacity, the "de facto" summit President has been the European Council President, meaning that Herman Van Rompuy chaired all meetings since March 2010


Herman Van Rompuy - With EU member states holding divergent positions on this issue, he had to find compromises, not least between France and Germany, at subsequent European Council meetings and summits of Eurozone heads of state or government leading to the establishment of the three-year European Financial Stability Mechanism and the European Financial Stability Facility in May 2010 to provide loans to Greece to help stabilise their borrowing costs, but subject to strict conditions


European Stability Mechanism - However, after winning the support of French President Nicolas Sarkozy Germany won support from the European Council in October 2010 for a new treaty


Herman Van Rompuy - The European Council tasked him with chairing a task force on economic governance, composed of personal representatives of the heads of government, which reported ahead of schedule to the October 2010 European Council


Viktor Yanukovych - On 22 November 2010 the European Council and Ukraine announced "an action plan for Ukraine toward the establishment of a visa-free regime for short-stay travel"


Herman Van Rompuy - His draft - for an addition to Article 136 TFEU, pertaining to the Eurozone - was endorsed by the European Council at its December 2010 meeting


Herman Van Rompuy - He called a special European Council at short notice in early 2011 on the emerging Libya crisis, which, in agreeing conditions for military intervention, made it impossible for Germany to oppose such intervention once the conditions were fulfilled


Council of the European Union - Its European Council counterpart is the Euro summit formalized in 2011 and the TSCG


It was agreed in October 2011 that they should meet regularly twice a year add something


Eurozone crisis - On 9 December 2011 at the European Council meeting, all 17 members of the eurozone and six countries that aspire to join agreed on a new intergovernmental treaty to put strict caps on government spending and borrowing, with penalties for those countries who violate the limits


Herman Van Rompuy - On 1 March 2012 Herman Van Rompuy was re-elected unanimously as President of the European Council by the heads of state or government of the 27 EU member states


Viviane Reding - The plan presented by Viviane Reding served as inspiration and guidance to the report prepared in June 2012 by Herman Van Rompuy, José Manuel Barroso, Jean Claude Juncker and Mario Draghi to the European Council on the need to develop the united European continent into a genuine Economic and Monetary Union


European Parliament election, 2014 - Verhofstadt was considered to be the likely nominee, but a meeting of the then-ELDR party held in Dublin from 8 to 10 November 2012 did not agree to formally nominate him yet; concerns voiced included the fact that it was considered unlikely that Verhofstadt would have a chance of getting elected as President of the European Commission, as Anders Fogh Rasmussen was expected to be appointed to the post of President of the European Council or High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy after the 2014 election, and two liberal politicians in the EU's top ra


It had been due to be completed in 2013, but various delays have made late 2016 the opening date add something


Panama Papers - In a 2013 letter unearthed by the "Financial Times" to the president of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron said that offshore trusts should not automatically be subject to the same transparency requirements as shell companies


Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - The report was tabled in Parliament during its session on 22 May 2013, and the Parliament voted in favour of calling on the European Council "not to examine the proposed amendment of the Treaties"


Mayotte - However following a directive of the European Council in December 2013, May otte became an outermost region of the European Union on 1 January 2014


Concession (contract) - However, the European Parliament and the European Council issued a further Directive 2014/23/EU on the award of concession contracts on 26 February 2014 which required EU member states to introduce national legislation covering the award of concession contracts in excess of EUR 5,186,000 awarded on or after 18 April 2016


Federica Mogherini - In July 2014, in consideration of the large number of Italian MEPs in the S&D group after the European election, 2014, the European Council started considering her name as a candidate for the position of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in Jean-Claude Juncker's new Commission


Federica Mogherini - On the same day the president Herman Van Rompuy announced that the European Council has decided to appoint the Italian minister as the new High Representative, starting on 1 November 2014


Martin Schulz - Rasmussen's view prevailed on the Council at this time because QMV does not take effect in decisions of the European Council until 1 November 2014


Euro summit - "According to a recently written analytical note of the "4 presidents", they have been tasked to complete their report about the "Next steps on better economic governance in the euro area" ahead of the June 2015 European Council, where a "euro summit" is expected to be convened for the purpose of returning a common statement on the recommendations made by the report


Frontex - On 18 December 2015, the European Council roundly supported the proposal, which was be subjected to the ordinary legislative procedure


Smart meter - On 8 July 2016, the new Digitisation of the Energy Turnaround Act cleared the final legislative hurdle in the German Federal Council Bundesrat of Germany


Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement - The next day, on Sunday 30 October 2016, the treaty was signed by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, President of the European Council Donald Tusk, President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker and Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico


This resulted in the Europa building, which opened its doors in 2017 add something


Council of the European Union - From 2017, both the Council of the European Union and the European Council adopted the purpose built Europa building as their official headquarters, although they continue to utilise the facilities afforded by the adjacent Justus Lipsius building


European Union - The UK formally notified the European Council of its decision to leave on 29 March 2017 initiating the formal withdrawal procedure for leaving the EU.


Frans Timmermans - However, in July 2019 the European Council almost unanimously proposed Ursula von der Leyen as the candidate, and she was subsequently elected by the European Parliament


Christine Lagarde - On 2 July 2019, she was nominated by the European Council to succeed Mario Draghi as President of the European Central Bank on 1 November 2019


Ursula von der Leyen - On 2 July 2019, von der Leyen was nominated by the European Council to the position of President of the European Commission