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European Union
(Politics)
Frontex
(Justice-Crime)
United Nations
(Politics)
Schengen Area
(Politics)
Amnesty International
(Civil society)
Schengen Agreement
(Politics)
Zaatari refugee camp
(Civil society)
 

See also

European migrant crisis

Knowledge Identifier: !European_migrant_crisis

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European migrant crisis

European migrant crisisadd

Category: Civil society

Activity starting in 2015.

Countries: Europe (18%), Austria (10%), Turkey (8%)

Main connections: European Union, Frontex, United Nations

Linked to: Reuters, World Bank, BBC, The Republicans

 

Timeline


 

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2015

During summer 2015, at least nine people have died in attempts to reach England, including falling from, or being hit by trains, and drowning in a canal at the Eurotunnel entrance add something

 

In 2015, Bulgaria followed by upgrading a border fence to prevent migrant flows through Turkey add something

 

In early August, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said that 250,000 migrants had arrived in Europe by sea so far in 2015, 124,000 in Greece and 98,000 in Italy add something

 

Prime Minister Viktor Orbán announced that it will be fully completed by the end of 2015 add something

 

As of 17 April, the total number of migrants reaching the Italian coasts is 21,191 since 1 January 2015, with a decrease during the month of March 2015 due to bad weather conditions, and a surge since 10 April, bringing the total number of arrivals in line with the number recorded in the same period in 2014 add something

 

The term has been used since April 2015, when at least five boats carrying almost two thousand migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with a combined death toll estimated at more than 1,200 people add something

 

Renzi condemned human trafficking as a "new slave trade" while Prime Minister Muscat said 19 April 2015 shipwreck was the "biggest human tragedy of the last few years" add something

 

Cameron tweeted on 20 April 2015 that he "supported" Renzi's "call for an emergency meeting of EU leaders to find a comprehensive solution" to the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean add something

 

Federica Mogherini called for collective EU action ahead of a meeting in Luxembourg on Monday 20 April 2015 add something

 

On 23 April 2015, EU governments agreed to triple funding for border patrol operations in the Mediterranean so that they would be equal to the previous capabilities of Operation Mare Nostrum, but Amnesty International immediately criticized the EU's decision not "to extend Triton's operational area" to the area previously covered by Mare Nostrum add something

 

On 5 May 2015 it was announced by the Irish Minister of Defence Simon Coveney that the LÉ Eithne would take part in the response to the crisis add something

 

In June 2015 Hungary, being a border state in the Schengen Area, said it was contemplating countermeasures against the influx of illegal immigrants from Serbia add something

 

On 17 June 2015 the Hungarian government announced the construction of a , fence along its southern border with Serbia add something

 

As of August 2015, Frontex recognizes the following general routes on sea and on land used by illegal migrants and human traffickers to enter the EU: add something

 

Guy Verhofstadt - In August 2015, he calls for a reform of the EU's asylum and migration system, in reaction to the European migrant crisis

 

On August 4, 2015 around 250 activists gathered in Riga on a protest against Government's decision on receiving migrants add something

 

On 27 August 2015, 71 migrants were found dead in an unventilated food truck near Vienna add something

 

On August 29, 2015 Croatian daily newspaper Jutarnji list published an interview with "senior government official" who said that Croatian Government formed an interdepartmental working group that is working on a plan on how to accept these 550 migrants add something

 

As an official response to this tragedy, on 31 August 2015, Austria began inspections of vehicles for smuggled immigrants entering from across the border with Hungary, leading to vehicular backups of 19 km and trains stalled for hours add something

 

In September 2015 the federal states, responsible for accommodation, reached the brink of their capacities and criticized the Government in Berlin for its inconsiderate approach of the crisis add something

 

In September 2015 the photos of dead 3-year-old Alan Kurdi, who drowned when he and his family were in a small inflatable boat which capsized shortly after leaving Bodrum trying to reach the Greek island of Kos, made headlines around the world add something

 

In September 2015, enthusiastic crowds across the country welcomed arriving refugees and migrants add something

 

Leaders of the Visegrád Group declared in a September 2015 meeting in Prague that they will not accept any compulsory long-term quota on redistribution of immigrants add something

 

Marieluise Beck - In September 2015, amid the European migrant crisis, Beck joined Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel on a trip to the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan to learn more about the plight of Syrians fleeing the violence in the ongoing Syrian civil war that erupted in 2011

 

Sigmar Gabriel - In September 2015, amid the European migrant crisis, Gabriel visited the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan to learn more about the plight of Syrians fleeing the violence in the ongoing Syrian civil war that erupted in 2011

 

On 3 September 2015, Hungary's prime minister Viktor Orbán defended the country's management of the migrant situation internally, notwithstanding chaos at Budapest's main international rail station, while criticising Germany and Europe overall for not dissuading migrants from entering Europe add something

 

Late on 4 September 2015, Chancellor Werner Faymann of Austria, in conjunction with Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, announced that migrants would be allowed to cross the border from Hungary into Austria and onward to Germany, and early on 5 September 2015, buses with migrants began crossing the Austro-Hungarian border add something

 

On 4 September 2015, about a thousand of the migrants at Railway Station East set off by foot toward Austria and Germany add something

 

Austria noted that 6,500 migrants had crossed the border by the afternoon of 5 September 2015, with 2,200 already on their way to Germany add something

 

However, on 7 September 2015, both Austria and Germany warned that they would not be able to keep up with the current pace of the influx and that it would need to slow down first add something

 

Janusz Korwin-Mikke - On 8 September 2015, Korwin-Mikke was giving a speech in European Parliament about the European migrant crisis, during which he described immigrants unwilling to work as "human garbage"

 

As of 9 September 2015, groups of migrants who declined to apply for asylum in Germany had crossed into Denmark with hopes of going to Sweden, getting into scuffles with police at a rail station in Padborg, Denmark add something

 

Jean Chretien - On September 12, 2015, Chrétien published an open letter to Canadian voters in multiple newspapers in which he criticized Harper's response to the European migrant crisis, stating that Harper has turned Canada into a "cold hearted" nation and he has "shamed Canada"

 

The Finnish press was reporting on 13 September 2015 that the local authorities had estimated the flow of 300 asylum seekers per day entering via northern land border from Sweden add something

 

The Interior Minister announced on 13 September 2015 the introduction of temporary controls on the southern border with Austria and explained the measure with "security concerns" add something

 

Schengen Area - In response to the European migrant crisis, Germany has set up border controls with Austria starting on 13 September 2015

 

On 14 September 2015 AFP reported that EU had approved military action against the vessels and smugglers of asylym seekers travelling across the mediterranean sea to the Union add something

 

On 14 September 2015, Austria followed Germany's suit and instituted border controls of its own at the border with Hungary add something

 

Croatia will in October 2015 send its delegation to the migrants camps in Italy and Greece, which will choose immigrants from Syria and Eritrea that Croatia will accept add something

 

On 5 October 2015 the leading German yellow press newspaper Bild claimed to possess a secret document stating that the number of asylum seekers would increase to 1,5 million until the end of 2015 add something

 

As of 6 October 2015, 125,000 entered Croatia in the space of three weeks add something

 

On 16 October 2015, Hungary announced that it would close its border with Croatia to migrants, and since 17 October 2015 onward, thousands of migrants daily were diverted to Slovenia instead add something

 

On 16 October 2015, Hungary announced that it would close off its border with Croatia to migrants add something

 

Although re-opening the border, by 18 October 2015, Slovenia restricted crossing to 2,500 migrants per day add something

 

On 18 October 2015, Slovenia began restricting admission to 2,500 migrants per day, stranding migrants in Croatia as well as Serbia and Macedonia add something

 

On 25 October 2015, the leaders of Greece and other states along Balkan routes to wealthier nations of Europe, including Germany, agreed to set up holding camps for 100,000 asylum seekers, a move which German Chancellor Merkel supported add something

 

On 28 October 2015, Austria decided to build a fence along its border with Slovenia to "be able to control the migrants in an orderly manner", told Minister of the Interior Johanna Mikl-Leitner add something

 

The Voice of America published photos in November 2015, showing physical manifestations of the cruelty of smugglers against African migrants trying to reach Europe; burns, scabies and physical and sexual abuse were seen by doctors treating the victims in a clinic in Milan add something

 

Valletta - On 11th November 2015 Valletta hosted the Valletta Summit on Migration in which European and African leaders discussed the European migrant crisis

 

Valletta - On 11 November 2015 Valletta hosted the Valletta Summit on Migration in which European and African leaders discussed the European migrant crisis

 

Between 11 and 12 November 2015, a summit between European and African leaders was held in Valletta, Malta, to discuss the migrant crisis add something

 

On 12 November 2015, at the end of a two-day summit in Malta, EU officials announced an agreement to offer Turkey 3 billion euros over two years to manage the more than 2 million refugees from Syria who had sought refuge there, in return for curbing migration through Turkey into the EU, described as the most ambitious effort yet at stemming the tide of migrants entering Europe add something

 

On 14 November 2015 Finnish prime minister Juha Sipilä noted that border controls need to be tightened and he expressed his concern that Schengen Agreement and freedom of movement was not working add something

 

In a report published on 17 November 2015, Amnesty International called on Spain to cease cooperation with Morocco on immigration matters because of alleged human rights abuses on the Melilla and Ceuta borders add something

 

John Scalzi - On November 19, 2015, Scalzi posted on his personal Twitter account that in regards to the Syrian refugee crisis, "The last few days are a reminder that a large number of Americans are in fact shrieking, bigoted cowards, and that's a sad thing, indeed

 

On 22 November 2015 it was reported that Finland had appealed to Russia with a proposal to prohibit the crossings at some of the land borders by bicycle add something

 

On 26 November 2015, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven said the system for welcoming migrants was about to collapse and that the cabinet would propose major new restrictions and measures to reduce the inflow of migrants add something

 

In December 2015, Sweden passed a temporary law that allows the government to oblige all transport companies to check that their passengers carry valid photographic identification before border crossing add something

 

In December 2015, new Eurostat statistics showed that as of November 2015, at least 1,001,910 have so far claimed asylum in one of the 28 EU member states in 2015 add something

 

On 8 December 2015, Finnish Government announced a policy for action, which notes that the short term aim is to cut off the uncontrolled flow of migrants to Finland add something

 

On 12 December 2015, Finnish Interior Minister Petteri Orpo announced that if the external borders of EU cannot be fixed, Schengen, Dublin and in a way whole EU is under serious threat add something

 

On 15 December 2015, the EU proposed taking over border and coastal security operations at major migrant entry pressure points, via its Frontex operation add something

 

According to IOM and UNHCR estimates, around one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe till 21 December 2015, three to four times more than in 2014 add something

 

The new law came into effect on 21 December 2015 and is valid until 21 December 2018 add something


2016

Lorenz Caffier - In an effort to respond to growing security fears among the public during the European migrant crisis in 2016, Caffier called for a partial ban on the burqa and niqab garments, arguing that the full body veil is a barrier to integration, encourages parallel societies and suggests women are inferior

 

This info has to be reassessed in January 2016 add something

 

On 2 January 2016 it was reported, that Finland had issued a command for the Finnlines ferry crossing from Germany to Finland to refuse boarding asylum seekers without visa add something

 

On 2 January 2016 it was reported, that a Detective Chief Inspector of the Police of Finland caused confusion in public as he advised that Finns should run away and call emergency number if a foreigner tries take closer contact add something

 

The government decided that the new rules will apply from 4 January 2016 until 4 July 2016 add something

 

However, due to security, health and a short time frame in which to resettle and accommodate refugee needs, the end date has extended to the end of February 2016 add something

 

On February 19, 2016, Austria started putting a daily cap of 80 asylum seekers allowed to enter the country to apply for Austrian asylum, and a maximum of 3,200 allowed daily to transit towards other countries add something

 

Gjorge Ivanov - In March 2016 Ivanov stated that the European Union had failed the Republic of Macedonia and other Balkan countries in the European migrant crisis

 

On 1 March 2016, the Greek government asked the EU for 480 million euros in emergency funds to shelter 100,000 refugees add something

 

Starting on 7 March 2016, the EU met with Turkey for another summit in Brussels to negotiate further solutions of the crisis add something

 

The plan to send migrants back to Turkey was criticized on 8 March 2016 by the United Nations, which warned that it could be illegal to send the migrants back to Turkey in exchange of financial and political rewards add something

 

On 9 March 2016, Croatia started implementing border restrictions on the border with Serbia, aiming to reinstate the Schengen rules add something

 

The Republic of Macedonia closed its border with Greece on 9 March 2016 where 12,000 to 13,000 migrants were stuck at Idomeni on the Greek side, while the total number of migrants throughout Greece are estimated between 36,000 according to data provided by Alternate Minister for Migration Yannis Mouzalas and more than 40,000 according to local authorities, volunteers and NGOs add something

 

On 20 March 2016, the agreement between the EU and Turkey to tackle the migrant crisis came into effect add something

 

The deal further outlines the mechanism that any irregular migrants who will cross into Greece from Turkey after 20 March 2016 will be sent back to Turkey based on individual case by case evaluation add something

 

In April 2016, nearly 6,000 mostly sub-Saharan African migrants have landed in Italy in just four days add something

 

In addition, the Turkish government asked for their citizens to be allowed to travel freely into the Schengen area starting at the end of June 2016, as well as an increased speed in talks of a possible accession of Turkey to the European Union add something

 

Turkish nationals would have access to Schengen passport-free zone by June 2016 but this will not include non-Schengen countries such as Britain add something

 

On June 18, 2016, United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon has praised Greece for showing "remarkable solidarity and compassion" towards refugees and he called for international support add something

 

As of August 2016, Frontex recognises the following general routes on sea and on land used by irregular migrants to enter the EU: add something

 

In August 2016 four workers at asylum centres for refugee children were reported to have been infected by tuberculosis and health services reported a marked increase in tuberculosis infections due to the crisis add something

 

Horst Seehofer - In August 2016, Seehofer said he may break with party unity and run a separate campaign in the 2017 national elections, a move widely seen as an an effort to keep pressure on Merkel to shift to a more restrictive refugee policy in the European migrant crisis

 

In October 2016 Angela Merkel travelled to African countries Mali and Niger add something

 

In addition to the EU-Turkey Refugee Agreement, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency was launched on October 6, 2016 add something

 

And in December 2016, one migrant was found in a suitcase, carried by a Moroccan woman, trying to get into Ceuta add something


2017

Sabratha - Around 2017, Sabratha was a main centre for migrant smuggling during the European migrant crisis

 

Vanessa Redgrave - In 2017 Redgrave made her directorial debut with the movie Sea Sorrow, a documentary about the European migrant crisis and the plight of migrants encamped outside Calais, France trying to reach Britain

 

Vanessa Redgrave - In 2017, at the age of 80, Redgrave made her directorial debut with the feature documentary Sea Sorrow, which covers the plight of child migrants in the Calais refugee camps and the broader European migrant crisis

 

In January 2017 police described gangs of recently arrived youth making the central shopping mall of Gothenburg unsafe at night with muggings and violence over drug trade between gangs of Moroccan, Afghani and Syrian origin add something

 

In January 2017 was reported by Deutsche Welle that welfare authorities in Braunschweig had been targeted in 300 cases of migrant fraud as individuals registered many identities in in order to receive multiple welfare payouts add something

 

On 17 March 2017, Turkish interior minister Süleyman Soylu threatened to send 15,000 refugees to the European Union every month while Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu has threatened to cancel the March 2016 EU-Turkey migrant deal add something

 

In April 2017, more than 8,000 migrants were rescued near Libya and brought to Italy in just three days add something

 

As of May 2017, Frontex identifies the following eight main routes on sea and on land used by irregular migrants to enter the EU: add something

 

The agency said 73,189 migrants entered Europe by sea through June 11, 2017 add something

 

In July 2017 Italy drew up a code of conduct for NGO rescue vessels delivering migrants to Italian ports add something

 

In August 2017 dozens of Afghani asylum seekers made a demonstration in a square in Stockholm against their pending deportations add something

 

In August 2017 the Libyan Coast Guard issued a declaration that NGO search and rescue vessels must stay outside a zone running 360 km from the Libyan coast unless given express permission to enter add something

 

In September 2017 staff at the Swedish Migration Agency reported rising levels of death threats and harassment from migrants applying for residence add something

 

In October 2017 the Danish migration agency "Udlændingestyrelsen" rejected over 600 asylum applications because the applicants had lied about their national identity in order to achieve preferential treatment add something

 

In December 2017, the Hellenic Rescue Team received the award Mother Teresa by the Harmony Foundation add something


2018

Border guard - The German state of Bavaria reestablished its State Border Police in the aftermath of the European migrant crisis in 2018 again, after it was merged into the Bavarian State Police in 1998 because of the Schengen Agreement

 

As of March 2018, UNHCR has counted nearly 5,6 million registered Syrian refugees worldwide add something

 

As of April 2018, 15,481 refugees have successfully arrived to the shores of Europe via sea within the first few months of the year alone add something

 

According to new statistics, In September 2018 one fifth of migrants trying to pass Mediterranean Sea from Libya have either drowned or disappeared add something