European Parliament

Knowledge Identifier: &European_Parliament

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European Parliament

Directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1958.

Countries: Europe (17%), France (11%), Italy (11%)

Main connections: European Union, European Commission, Nigel Farage

Linked to: European People's Party, European People's Party, Committee on Budgetary Control, Committee on Petitions

 

Timeline


 

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1958

Despite this the European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1958 by the Treaties of Rome add something

 

The first meeting was held on 19 March 1958 having been set up in Luxembourg, it elected Schuman as its president and on 13 May it rearranged itself to sit according to political ideology rather than nationality add something


1962

Hans Apel - In 1962 he became a civil servant at the European Parliament, where he served as Department Head responsible for Economics, Finance and Transport


1967

The three communities merged their remaining organs as the European Communities in 1967 and the body was renamed to the current "European Parliament" in 1962 add something


1970

Lisbon Treaty - The legislative branch officially holds the Union's budgetary authority with powers gained through the Budgetary Treaties of the 1970s and the Lisbon Treaty add something

 

In 1970 the Parliament was granted power over areas of the Community's budget, which were expanded to the whole budget in 1975 add something

 

Piet Dankert - In the late 1970s he moved to the European Parliament, and was President of the European Parliament from 19 January 1982 to 24 July 1984


1974

Paul De Keersmaeker - From 1974 to 1981 he was a member of the European Parliament, and from 1981 to 1992 Member of the Federal Belgian Government as Secretary of State for European Affairs and Agriculture


1976

Paul Channon, Baron Kelvedon - Channon joined the Conservative delegation to the Council of Europe and Western European Union in 1976, and considered standing in the first UK elections to the European Parliament in 1979, but failed to win the nomination for the North-East Essex seat

 

Franz-Ludwig Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg - He was a member of the Bundestag from 1976 to 1987 and of the European Parliament from 1984 to 1992

 

Roberto Formigoni - In 1976 he founded the Popular Movement and was elected a deputy in both the European Parliament and Parliament of Italy

 

Donald Bruce, Baron Bruce of Donington - In 1976, he was appointed to the European Parliament, but resigned in 1979


1977

Jack Dormand - In July 1977, Dormand voted against the European Assembly Elections Bill which brought in direct elections to the European Parliament


1978

Elise Boot - From 1978 to 1982 she was a member of the Provinciale Staten of Utrecht and from 1979 to 1989 she was a member of the European Parliament


1979

Before 1979 they were appointed by their national parliaments add something

 

Elections have taken place, directly in every member-state, every five years since 1979 add something

 

In 1979, its members were directly elected for the first time add something

 

It has been directly elected every five years by universal suffrage since 1979 add something

 

Other founding fathers include Alcide de Gasperi MEP and Robert Schuman MEP. The two female Presidents were Simone Veil MEP in 1979 and Nicole Fontaine MEP in 1999, both Frenchwomen add something

 

Edward Kellett-Bowman - At the 1979 elections to the European Parliament, Kellett-Bowman was chosen as the Conservative Party candidate for the Lancashire East constituency, which stretched from Blackburn to Nelson, including Clitheroe and Heywood, Greater Manchester

 

Willy Brandt - Brandt was a member of the European Parliament from 1979 to 1983

 

Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath - He stood for the party in the first ever elections to the European Parliament in 1979

 

Eric Forth - He was elected to the European Parliament as the member for Birmingham North in 1979

 

Victor Abens - He was elected to the European Parliament in 1979, in which he sat until 1989

 

Victor Abens - He was elected to the European Parliament in 1979, in which he sat until 1989

 

Maurits Coppieters - In 1979, Coppieters was elected during the first direct elections of the European Parliament

 

Herman Vanderpoorten - In 1979, he took part in the first direct European elections and was member of the European parliament in Strasbourg up to 1980

 

Tom O'Donnell - O'Donnell was elected to the European Parliament at the 1979 elections

 

After that first election, the parliament held its first session on 11 July 1979, electing Simone Veil MEP as its President add something


1980

Furthermore the Parliament began holding votes on proposed Commission Presidents from the 1980s, before it was given any formal right to veto add something


1982

Carlos Barral - Barral was a senator in the Socialists' Party of Catalonia-Spanish Socialist Workers' Party party for Tarragona in 1982 and afterwards its European Parliament representative


1984

As an elected body, the Parliament began to draft proposals addressing the functioning of the EU. For example in 1984, inspired by its previous work on the Political Community, it drafted the "draft Treaty establishing the European Union" add something

 

It has refused to approve the budget only twice, in 1984 and in 1998 add something

 

Edward Kellett-Bowman - At the 1984 European Parliament election, Kellett-Bowman lost his seat


1985

In 1985 the Parliament, wishing to be closer to these institutions, built a second chamber in Brussels and moved some of its work there despite protests from some states add something


1986

Ian Paisley - On 9 December 1986, Paisley was once again ejected from the European Parliament for continually interrupting a speech by Thatcher


1987

Eduard Punset - When Spain joined the European Union, Punset was elected to the European Parliament in representation of the Democratic and Social Centre in 1987 and 1989


1988

Ciriaco de Mita - He served as the 47th Prime Minister of Italy from 1988 to 1989 and is currently Member of the European Parliament

 

Edward Kellett-Bowman - He returned to the European Parliament in a byelection in December 1988 in the Hampshire Central constituency


1989

Marcelino Oreja, 1st Marquis of Oreja - He was elected to the European Parliament in 1989

 

Elise Boot - In 1989 the CDA decided not to make her a candidate for the European Parliament again


1990

Toomas Hendrik Ilves - He is a former diplomat and journalist, was the leader of the Social Democratic Party in the 1990s and later a member of the European Parliament


1992

A final agreement was eventually reached by the European Council in 1992 add something


1993

Poul Schluter - Following his retirement as Prime Minister in 1993, Schlüter served as a member of the European Parliament from 1994 to 1999, the first three years as Vice-President of the body


1994

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - He was a Labour Member of the European Parliament from 1994 to 1999 and was elevated to the peerage in 2004

 

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - He went on to represent Hertfordshire in the European Parliament from 1994 to 1999

 

David Owen - In early 1994, the European Parliament had voted by 160 votes to 90, with 2 abstentions, for Owen's dismissal, but he was supported by all 15 EU Member State governments

 

Nana Mouskouri - She was elected a Member of the European Parliament from 1994 until 1999, when she resigned from her position as an MEP. Several reasons have been given for this, one being her pacifism, and another being that she felt ill-equipped for the day-to-day work of a politician


1995

Due to the large number of languages, some being minor ones, since 1995 interpreting is sometimes done the opposite way, out of an interpreter's native tongue add something

 

Nelly Maes - But in 1995 she changed places and became a member of the newly formed Flemish Parliament until 1998, when elected into the European Parliament for the European Free Alliance


1997

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - He was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, the Security Sub-Committee, and the delegation for relations with the Russian Federation throughout his time in the European Parliament, and was the UK Government's spokesperson on foreign affairs and defence in the Parliament from 1997 to 1999

 

Edward Kellett-Bowman - He brought in a report to the European Parliament in February 1997 which identified the removal of border controls and a lack of co-operation by member states as being responsible for the rise in organised crime and smuggling


1999

During the fifth term, 1999 to 2004, there was a break in the grand coalition resulting in a centre-right coalition between the Liberal and People's parties add something

 

The Socialist group supported the Commission and saw the issue as an attempt by the EPP to discredit their party ahead of the 1999 elections add something

 

Gina Lollobrigida - In 1999 she ran unsuccessfully for one of Italy's 87 seats in the elections for European Parliament with the center-left party The Democrats

 

Pierre Jonckheer - In 1999, Pierre Jonckheer was elected to the European Parliament and joined, among others, Daniel Cohn-Bendit and Paul Lannoye

 

Pierre Jonckheer - In 1999, he was elected to the European Parliament and was re-elected in 2004

 

Chris Huhne - In June 1999 Huhne was elected as a member of the European Parliament for South East England


2001

Zacarias Kamwenho - He was named co-winner of the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought by the European Parliament in 2001


2003

Toomas Savi - From 2003 to 2004 he was Deputy Speaker of Riigikogu and an observer in the European Parliament

 

Toomas Hendrik Ilves - In 2003, Ilves became an observer member of the European Parliament and, on 1 May 2004, a full member


2004

In 2004, following the largest trans-national election in history, despite the European Council choosing a President from the largest political group , the Parliament again exerted pressure on the Commission add something

 

Nevertheless, the European groups were actually more cohesive than their US counterparts between 2004 and 2009 add something

 

Ian Paisley - At the age of 78, he retired from his European Parliament seat at the 2004 elections and was succeeded by Jim Allister

 

Lilli Gruber - Currently a talk show host for Italian private television channel La7, Gruber served as Member of the European Parliament from 2004 to September 2008 under the Olive Tree ticket

 

Sajjad Haider Karim - He was elected in 2004 for the Liberal Democrats, but joined the Conservative Party on 26 November 2007, He was the first British Muslim elected to the European Parliament

 

Toomas Savi - He was elected to the European Parliament in spring 2004, becoming the only representative of his party in that assembly

 

Tunne Kelam - He was elected to the membership of the European Parliament in 2004 and in 2009

 

Jerzy Buzek - His return to political life in 2004 saw him gain the largest popular vote in Poland as the member for Katowice to the European Parliament standing for the Civic Platform

 

Grzegorz Napieralski - In 2004, he was elected to Sejm, taking place of Bogus?aw Liberadzki, who became a member of the European Parliament

 

Lilli Gruber - In the European Parliament elections of 2004 she ran as an independent candidate for the European Parliament under the centre-left Olive Tree ticket; her candidacy was proposed, together with Michele Santoro, after she was pushed out of Silvio Berlusconi-controlled RAI. She topped the Olive Tree votes in two electoral regions, and beat Berlusconi himself in the Central region vote

 

Toomas Hendrik Ilves - In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Ilves was elected MEP in a landslide victory for the Estonian Social Democratic Party

 

Sajjad Karim - Karim, who is the first British Muslim elected to the European Parliament, was elected to represent the North West England in 2004 as a Liberal Democrat

 

Paul van Buitenen - Pledging to continue the fight against fraud and bureaucratic inefficiency on the European level, Van Buitenen founded a party named Europa Transparant, ran with it for the European Parliament in the 2004 elections and won two seats for his party

 

Otto Graf Lambsdorff - Since 2004, his nephew Alexander Graf Lambsdorff has represented the FDP in the European Parliament

 

Jose Javier Pomes Ruiz - "See also:" European Parliament election, 2004

 

Marianne Thieme - In February 2004 she was nominated to become the party's lijsttrekker for the European Parliament election of 2004

 

Carmen Kass - Kass ran for the European Parliament after her homeland joined the European Union in May 2004

 

Thijs Berman - In June 2004 he was elected to the European Parliament

 

Sajjad Karim - Karim was the first British Muslim elected to the European Parliament on 4 June 2004

 

Jerzy Buzek - He has been a member of the European Parliament since 13 June 2004, and he was elected as President of the European Parliament on 14 July 2009, succeeding Hans-Gert Pöttering

 

Jerzy Buzek - On 13 June 2004, in the European Parliament election, 2004, Jerzy Buzek was elected a Member of the European Parliament from the Silesian Voivodeship, basing his candidacy only on the popularity of his name and on direct contact with the voters


2005

Pedro Guerra - For the election of the European Parliament in 2005 he supported the campaign of Izquierda Unida

 

Sajjad Karim - In 2005, he established the European Parliament Friends of Pakistan Group, which he continues to chair to present day

 

Pedro Guerreiro - He took his seat in the European Parliament on 13 January 2005, replacing Sérgio Ribeiro of the same party

 

Chris Huhne - Huhne was first elected to represent Eastleigh at the general election on 5 May 2005, a constituency within the area for which he was previously the Member of the European Parliament

 

Dimitar Stoyanov (politician) - In August 2005 Stoyanov became an Observer to the European Parliament , and, in January 2007, a temporary Member of the EP from the Ataka quota

 

Ovidiu Ioan Silaghi - He became an observer to the European Parliament in September 2005


2006

In 2006 there were allegations of irregularity in the charges made by the city of Strasbourg on buildings the Parliament rented which harmed the city's image further add something

 

In voting on the Bolkestein directive in 2006, the Parliament voted by a large majority for over 400 amendments that changed the fundamental principle of the law add something

 

Prem Rawat - A biography of Rawat, "Peace is Possible", by Andrea Cagan, was published in 2006 with a foreword by Emilio Colombo, a former President of the European Parliament and former Prime Minister of Italy

 

Saparmurat Niyazov - In 2006 the European Commission and the international trade committee of the European Parliament voted to grant Turkmenistan "most favoured nation" trading status with the European Union, widely seen as motivated by interest in natural gas, after Niyazov announced he would enter a "human rights dialogue" with the EU.

 

Edward Kellett-Bowman - In February 2006 Kellett-Bowman made a formal complaint to the European Parliament authorities accusing Chris Huhne, a candidate for the Liberal Democrat leadership, of misusing Parliamentary funds to support his election campaign in Eastleigh during the 2005 general election

 

Cheam Channy - On 1 February 2006, the European Parliament adopted a resolution calling on the Cambodian government to unconditionally release him

 

Juanes - On April 19, 2006, Juanes performed before the European Parliament, as part of a campaign to increase awareness against the use of land mines around the world, including in his native Colombia


2007

Between 2007 and 2009, a special working group on parliamentary reform implemented a series of changes to modernise the institution such as more speaking time for rapporteurs, increase committee co-operation and other efficiency reforms add something

 

In 2007 both Bulgaria and Romania elected their MEPs in by-elections, having joined at the beginning of 2007 add something

 

In 2007, for the first time, Justice Commissioner Franco Frattini included Parliament in talks on the second Schengen Information System even though MEPs only needed to be consulted on parts of the package add something

 

Politicisation such as this has been increasing, in 2007 Simon Hix of the London School of Economics noted that: add something

 

This has happened four times, most recently when Romania and Bulgaria joined in 2007 add something

 

Mariliza Xenogiannakopoulou - In the 2007 Greek legislative election she was elected to the Hellenic Parliament for an Athens constituency, and consequently resigned from the European Parliament

 

Jeremy Rifkin - The Third Industrial Revolution was formally endorsed by the European Parliament in 2007 and is now being implemented by various agencies within the European Commission

 

Ovidiu Ioan Silaghi - On January 1, 2007, he became a Member of the European Parliament for the PNL, part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, with the accession of Romania to the European Union, before being nominated for a ministerial position in early 2007

 

Dimitar Stoyanov (politician) - Stoyanov was elected a member of the European Parliament from Bulgaria in the May 2007 Bulgarian election and re-elected in the June 2009 election

 

Sajjad Karim - On 26 November 2007 he re-joined the Conservative Party and was re-elected to the European Parliament in June 2009


2008

A 2008 report on the Parliament's finances highlighted certain overspending and miss-payments add something

 

Willy Brandt - One of the buildings of the European Parliament in Brussels was named after him in 2008

 

Charles, Prince of Wales - Speaking to the European Parliament on 14 February 2008, he called for European Union leadership in the war against climate change

 

This is seen as the birth of the modern European Parliament, with Parliament's 50 years celebrations being held in March 2008 rather than 2002 add something

 

At present, MEPs may ask a question on any topic whatsoever, but in July 2008 MEPs voted to limit questions to those within the EU's mandate and ban offensive or personal questions add something

 

Poul Nyrup Rasmussen - His report, proposing binding rules for all players as well as greater transparency and accountability, was passed by the European Parliament in September 2008

 

Sajjad Karim - On 26 November 2008, whilst visiting India as part of a European Parliament Committee on International Trade delegation , he was caught up in the Mumbai attacks in the lobby of the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel


2009

Before 2009, members received the same salary as members of their national parliament add something

 

However from 2009 a new members statute came into force, after years of attempts, which gives all members an equal monthly pay of 7,000 euro each, subject to a European Union tax and which can be taxed nationally add something

 

In 2009, the incumbent President Barroso was formally nominated by the EPP, yet the Socialists were unable to agree on a candidate, in part due to some of their national leaders backing Barroso, leading to there only being one declared candidate add something

 

The last union-wide elections were the 2009 Parliamentary Elections add something

 

The most recent Union-wide elections to the European Parliament were the European elections of 2009, held in June of that year add something

 

Joe Higgins - Higgins successfully contested the 2009 European Parliament election for the Dublin constituency, beating two incumbents, Mary Lou McDonald of Sinn Féin and Eoin Ryan of Fianna Fáil, for the third and final seat

 

Vilja Savisaar-Toomast - In 2009, she became Member of the European Parliament after Edgar Savisaar renounced his mandate, so as to remain mayor of Tallinn

 

Silvana Koch-Mehrin - In 2009, she was elected Vice President of the European Parliament

 

Kristiina Ojuland - She is a member of the Estonian Reform Party and since 2009 she serves as 1 of the 6 Estonian MEPs in the European parliament

 

Dennis de Jong - Since 2009 De Jong is a member of European Parliament

 

Paul van Buitenen - After the European elections of June 2009 Van Buitenen returned to the European Commission, this time in DG RTD, at a stone's throw from the European Parliament

 

Ciriaco de Mita - De Mita won a seat in the European Parliament in the June 2009 European election; at age 81, he was the oldest candidate to win a seat in that election

 

Jerzy Buzek - On 7 June 2009, in the European Parliament election, 2009, Buzek was re-elected as a Member of the European Parliament from the Silesian Voivodeship constituency

 

Barroso gained the support of the European Council for a second term and secured majority support from the Parliament in September 2009 add something

 

Jose Manuel Barroso - On 16 September 2009, Barroso was re-elected by the European Parliament for another five years

 

Sajjad Karim - In December 2009, Karim was appointed as the Legal Affairs Spokesperson for the Conservative Group in the European Parliament

 

The Lisbon Treaty finally came into force on 1 December 2009, granting Parliament powers over the entire of the EU budget, making Parliament's legislative powers equal to the Council's in nearly all areas and linking the appointment of the Commission President to Parliament's own elections add something

 

Jerzy Buzek - The Lisbon Treaty, which came into force on 1 December 2009 shortly after Buzek assumed office, brought a conclusion to nearly a decade of internal discussions and greatly boosted the democratic powers of the European Parliament


2010

Prem Rawat - In 2010, he spoke at the "Words of Peace for Europe" conference in Brussels , at the invitation of European Parliament Vice-President Gianni Pittella

 

Evgeni Kirilov - On May 20, 2010, the European Parliament in Strasbourg, adopted the resolution on "The need for an EU Strategy for the South Caucasus" on the basis of the report by Evgeni Kirilov


2011

In early 2011, the Parliament voted to scrap one of the Strasbourg sessions by holding two within a single week add something

 

Therefore, the current number of MEPs is 766 , but will be 751 after 2014 elections add something

 

Jerzy Buzek - European Federation of Chemical Engineering - Whilst President of the European Parliament, on 30 March 2011, he was *awarded an honorary fellowship of the IChemE at a meeting of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering in Brussels , Belgium

 

Silvana Koch-Mehrin - As a consequence of this, on May 11, 2011 she resigned as chairperson of the FDP in the European Parliament and as vice-president of the European Parliament, arguing that she wanted to end the strain the investigation put on her family

 

Marine Le Pen - On 8 June 2011, Marine Le Pen and the leader of the Freedom Party of Austria Heinz-Christian Strache held in the European Parliament a joint press conference about "globalization, migration and economic threats in the UE"

 

As of July 2011, an absolute majority of MEPs are in favour of a single seat add something

 

Sajjad Karim - In October 2011 he was appointed as the European Parliament rapporteur on a new report that will look at improving the law-making process across the EU and reduce the legislative burdon


2012

The President of the European Parliament is currently Martin Schulz , elected in January 2012 add something

 

Yulia Tymoshenko - The Supreme Court of Ukraine upheld the verdict against Tymoshenko On 29 August 2012, in a hearing that was attended by former President of Poland Aleksander Kwasniewski and former President of the European Parliament Pat Cox

 

Jafar Panahi - On 26 October 2012, Panahi was announced as a co-winner of the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament


2014

Lisbon Treaty - This amendment brought in transitional provisions to allow the 18 additional MEPs created under the Lisbon Treaty to be elected or appointed before the 2014 election add something

 

The most recent Union-wide elections to the European Parliament were the European elections of 2014, held from 22 to 25 May 2014 add something

 

The new eighth term of Parliament will start on 1 July 2014 add something


2017

The President of the European Parliament is Antonio Tajani , elected in January 2017 add something


2018

On July 2, 2018, MEPs rejected proposals to tighten the rules around the General Expenditure Allowance add something


2019

In January 2019, Conservative MEPs supported proposals to boost opportunities for women and tackle sexual harassment in the European Parliament add something