European Commission
European Parliament
Schengen Area
United Kingdom
European Council
European migrant crisis
(Civil society)

See also

European Union

Knowledge Identifier: &European_Union


European Union

Political union of 27 european countries add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1951.

Countries: (23%), United Kingdom (12%), Europe (10%)

Main connections: European Commission, European Parliament, Schengen Area

Linked to: European Central Bank, European Parliament, Council of the European Union, European Commission




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The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958 respectively add something


Bruno Kreisky - Although the 1955 State Treaty prevented Austria joining the European Union, he supported European integration


Foreign policy cooperation between member states dates from the establishment of the Community in 1957, when member states negotiated as a bloc in international trade negotiations under the Common Commercial Policy add something


In 1957 when the EU was founded, it had no environmental policy, no environmental bureaucracy, and no environmental laws add something


In 1957, the six countries signed the Treaty of Rome, which extended the earlier cooperation within the European Coal and Steel Community and created the European Economic Community, establishing a customs union add something


Throughout the 1960s tensions began to show with France seeking to limit supranational power add something


Carlo Schmid (German politician) - He was President of the Assembly of the Western European Union from 1963 to 1966, after being vice-President of the Assembly since 1956


However, in 1965 an agreement was reached and hence in 1967 the Merger Treaty was signed in Brussels add something


Eric Varley - Despite rebelling against the government's application to join the Common Market in 1967, Varley became an Assistant Whip later that year, and Parliamentary Private Secretary to Prime Minister Harold Wilson in November 1968


It came into force on 1 July 1967 and created a single set of institutions for the three communities, which were collectively referred to as the "European Communities" , although commonly just as the "European Community" add something


The creation of a European single currency became an official objective of the European Economic Community in 1969 add something


Steps for a more wide ranging coordination in foreign relations began in 1970 with the establishment of European Political Cooperation which created an informal consultation process between member states with the aim of forming common foreign policies add something


William Clark, Baron Clark of Kempston - He identified with the right wing of the party and voted against British membership of the Common Market in 1971


In 1973 the Communities enlarged to include Denmark , Ireland, and the United Kingdom add something


Bat Ye'or - Eurabia is a geo-political reality envisaged in 1973 through a system of informal alliances between, on the one hand, the nine countries of the European Community which, enlarged, became the European Union in 1992 and on the other hand, the Mediterranean Arab countries


In 1979, the first direct, democratic elections to the European Parliament were held add something


In education, the policy was mainly developed in the 1980s in programmes supporting exchanges and mobility add something


Hans-Dietrich Genscher - Genscher was an active participant in the further development of the European Union, taking an active part in the Single European Act Treaty negotiations in the mid 1980s, as well as the joint publication of the Genscher-Colombo plan with Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Emilio Colombo which advocated further integration and deepening of relations in the European Union towards a more federalist European State


Greece joined in 1981, Portugal and Spain in 1986 add something


Melina Mercouri - In 1983, during the first Greek presidency of the Council of the European Union, Mercouri invited the Ministers for Culture of the other nine member states of the European Union at Zappeion, in order to increase the people's cultural awareness, since there was not any reference to cultural questions in the Treaty of Rome, which led to the establishment of formal sessions between the Ministers of Culture of the European Union


Melina Mercouri - Mercouri was the person who, in 1983, conceived and proposed the programme of the European Capital of Culture, which has been established by the European Union since 1985


Scientific development is facilitated through the EU's Framework Programmes, the first of which started in 1984 add something


In 1985, the Schengen Agreement led the way toward the creation of open borders without passport controls between most member states and some non-member states add something


No member state has ever left the Union, although Greenland withdrew in 1985 add something


In 1986, the European flag began to be used by the Community and the Single European Act was signed add something


Peter Tsao - He was described as "Bad Boy Tsao" in headlines in 1986 when he was posted to Brussels as representative for Hong Kong trade relations with the European Union


It was not, however, until 1987 when European Political Cooperation was introduced on a formal basis by the Single European Act add something


The legal basis of EU environmental policy was not more explicitly established until the introduction of the Single European Act in 1987 add something


The most visible of these has been the Erasmus Programme, a university exchange programme which began in 1987 add something


Margaret Thatcher - Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her Community Charge was widely unpopular and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet


Eduard Punset - When Spain joined the European Union, Punset was elected to the European Parliament in representation of the Democratic and Social Centre in 1987 and 1989


Initially these reforms included the introduction of set-aside in 1988, where a proportion of farm land was deliberately withdrawn from production, milk quotas and, more recently, the 'de-coupling' of the money farmers receive from the EU and the amount they produce add something


Margaret Thatcher - During a 1988 speech in Bruges she outlined her opposition to proposals from the European Community , forerunner of the European Union, for a federal structure and increased centralisation of decision making


Melina Mercouri - During the second presidency of Greece in 1988, she supported the cooperation between Eastern Europe and the European Union, which was finally implemented one year later with the celebration of the Month of Culture in Eastern countries


Rudi Thomaes - From 1988 until 1998, he was General Counsel for Alcatel Bell, and responsible for the legal department and the relations with the European Union


Timothy Garton Ash - He has written about the Communist dictatorships of that region, their experience with the secret police, the Revolutions of 1989 and the transformation of the former Eastern Bloc states into member states of the European Union


In 1990, after the fall of the Iron Curtain, the former East Germany became part of the Community as part of a newly united Germany add something


Since the beginning of the 1990s, the CAP has been subject to a series of reforms add something


Ben Bot - He served as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague until 1992, when he was appointed as Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the European Union in Brussels


However, it was only with the advent of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993 that member states were legally bound to start the monetary union no later than 1 January 1999 add something


Since the creation of the EU in 1993, it has developed its competencies in the area of justice and home affairs, initially at an intergovernmental level and later by supranationalism add something


The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union under its current name in 1993 add something


To join the EU a country must meet the Copenhagen criteria, defined at the 1993 Copenhagen European Council add something


Kristen Nygaard - In 1993 when the EEC ratified the Maastricht treaty and became the European Union the organization changed its name to reflect this


H. P. Lovecraft - The European Union Directive on harmonising the term of copyright protection of 1993 extended the copyrights to 70 years after the author's death


Gnassingbe Eyadema - The European Union suspended aid in 1993 in protest of alleged voting irregularities and human rights violations


Torstein Eckhoff - He referred to the European Economic Area agreement as "a constitutional catastrophe", and played an important role in the debate leading up to the Norwegian rejection in the Norwegian European Union membership referendum of 1994


Yuri Matochkin - In 1994 he persuaded Russia to adopt a document emphasizing foreign cooperation, especially with the European Union


Marit Paulsen - She is a well-known figure in the Swedish public debate on environmental and food quality issues, initially as a non-partisan, and was an avid proponent of Swedish membership in the European Union during the EU membership referendum campaign in 1994


Richard Seeber - In 1995, he was nominated as the first director of the newly established relay office of the Euregio Tyrol at the European Union in Brussels , Belgium


David Owen - In January 1995, Lord Owen wrote to President François Mitterrand as President of the European Union to say that he wished to step down before the end of the French presidency


Enda Kenny - As minister he chaired the European Union Council of Trade Ministers during Ireland's six-month Presidency of the European Council as well as co-chairing a round of the World Trade Organization talks in 1996


Kristen Nygaard - In 1996 and 1997 Nygaard was the coordinator of the efforts to establish The European Anti-Maastricht Movement , a cooperative network between national organizations opposing the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union and the Maastricht Treaty in European countries within and outside the EU


Ruairi Quinn - Quinn served as the President of the Ecofin Council of the European Union in 1996, and worked to accelerate the launch of the European Single Currency, whilst securing Ireland's qualification for the eurozone


Michael of Romania - In 1997 and 2002 he toured Western Europe, lobbying for Romania's admission into NATO and the European Union, and was received by heads of state and government officials


Clay Constantinou - In the course of the 1997 Luxembourg European Union presidency, he led American delegations and participated in negotiations with EU officials on trade and global-cooperation issues


Johny Lahure - In this capacity, as Luxembourg was chairing the Council of the European Union in the second half of 1997, Lahure conducted negotiations on behalf of the European Union that led to the Kyoto Protocol


Ronny Abraham - As head of the Office of Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1998, he has acted as legal adviser to the Government in the areas of general international public law, European Union law, international human rights law, Law of the Sea and laws on the Antarctic


Kees van der Staaij - He has been an MP since May 19, 1998, and focuses on matters of general affairs, judiciary, home affairs, Kingdom relations, foreign affairs, the European Union, development aid, the Dutch defense, public health, welfare, sports, immigration and political asylum


A monetary union, the eurozone, was established in 1999 and is composed of 17 member states add something


Fifty Years of Service to Europe", Bruges, 1999 add something


Following the Kosovo War in 1999, the European Council agreed that "the Union must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and the readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO" add something


Alexander Stubb - Treaty of Nice - Between 1999 and 2001 he was a special researcher at Finland's representation to the European Union in Brussels , as well as a member of the Finnish government's delegation to the intergovernmental negotiations for the Treaty of Nice


Roberto Lavagna - He left the board of Ecolatina in 2000 to accept a post as Ambassador-at-large to international economic conferences, and to the European Union


Saad Eddin Ibrahim - Ibrahim was arrested, imprisoned and prosecuted in 2000 for using European Union funds for election monitoring, and for allegedly defaming Egypt's image abroad


For example, in 2001 the Commission for the first time prevented a merger between two companies based in the United States which had already been approved by their national authority add something


Poul Nyrup Rasmussen - Rasmussen called an early election in 2001, saying this would give the next prime minister time to prepare for Denmark's upcoming presidency of the European Union in 2002


Georgiy Gongadze - The affair became an international crisis for the Ukrainian government during 2001, with the European Union expressing dissatisfaction at the official investigation, rumors of Ukrainian suspension from the Council of Europe, and censure from the OSCE, which described Gongadze's death as a case of "censorship by killing" and castigated the "extremely unprofessional" investigation


Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden - Victoria followed the Swedish presidency of the European Union and completed a study program at the Government Offices in 2001


Grace Mugabe - After observers from the European Union were barred from examining Zimbabwe's 2002 elections, the EU imposed sanctions on 20 members of the Zimbabwe leadership and then, in July, extended them to include Mrs Mugabe and 51 others, banning them from travelling to participating countries and freezing any assets held there


Robert Mugabe - After observers from the European Union were barred from examining Zimbabwe's 2002 elections, the EU imposed sanctions on Mugabe and 94 members of his government, banning them from travelling to participating countries and freezing any assets held there


Dmitry Rogozin - In 2002 he was appointed a Special Representative of Russian president to deal with Kaliningrad problems that have arosen due to Baltic states joining the European Union


Perence Shiri - In 2002 the European Union barred Shiri from entering the EU and on 6 March 2003, George W. Bush ordered the blocking of any of Shiri's property in the United States


Matthew Rycroft - In 2002, Rycroft was appointed Private Secretary to Prime Minister Tony Blair, to advise him on matters related to foreign affairs, the European Union, Northern Ireland and defence


Saddam Hussein - In 2002, a resolution sponsored by the European Union was adopted by the Commission for Human Rights, which stated that there had been no improvement in the human rights crisis in Iraq.


Bart Van Lierde - Van Lierde translated his ideas about structure into the biography of the Flemish boxer "Jurgen Haeck", who became Champion of the European Union in 2002


On this date the euro was duly launched by eleven of the 15 member states of the EU. It remained an accounting currency until 1 January 2002, when euro notes and coins were issued and national currencies began to phase out in the eurozone, which by consisted of 12 member states add something


Anders Fogh Rasmussen - Rasmussen held the rotating presidency of the European Union from July to December 2002, proving his dedication to a pro-EU agenda and the guiding principles of the Ellemann-Jensen doctrine


Mikhail Fradkov - In 2003 he was made Russia's representative to the European Union


Ana Cristina Oliveira - She eventually moved to the US on 2003-07-25, though she still holds a European Union Passport from Portugal


Huber Matos - While visiting Germany as guest of the Berlin International Literature Festival in 2003, in the wake of the Cuban government's crackdown on dissidents , 84-year-old Matos appealed on the European Union states to impose economic sanctions on Cuba


Ariel Sharon - In May 2003, Sharon endorsed the Road Map for Peace put forth by the United States, European Union, and Russia, which opened a dialogue with Mahmud Abbas, and announced his commitment to the creation of a Palestinian state in the future


After the recent enlargement, the new states that joined since 2004 added the problem of solving accessibility to the transport agenda add something


In 2004, the EU saw its biggest enlargement to date when Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia joined the Union add something


Jose Maria Sison - A 2004 court ruling by the European Union endangers the residency status of Sison in Europe and he is expected to be expelled


Geert Wilders - Citing irreconcilable differences over the party's position on the accession of Turkey to the European Union, he left the VVD in 2004 to form his own party, the Party for Freedom


Martin Xuereb - He served as Malta's Deputy Military Representative to the European Union from 2004 to 2006, upon Malta's accession to the EU


Antony Costa - In 2004, Costa, along with singer Peter André, was given the opportunity to meet with Prime Minister Tony Blair at the celebrations on the arrival of ten new members into the European Union which included Cyprus


Jose Bove - On April 23, 2004, Jose Bové announced that he would join the People's Congress of Kurdistan , a group which is on the European Union's and United States State Department's lists of terrorist groups


Carmen Kass - Kass ran for the European Parliament after her homeland joined the European Union in May 2004


Toomas Hendrik Ilves - He supported Estonian membership in the European Union and succeeded in starting the negotiations which led to Estonia joining the European Union on 1 May 2004


Gnassingbe Eyadema - The European Union sent a mission on June 1, 2004 to evaluate the state of democracy in Togo and to start a procedure of democratization of &Togo


Federico Alberto Cuello Camilo - In December 2004, he was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Dominican Republic to the Kingdom of Belgium, to the European Union, the Czech Republic, and Poland


In 2005 the Grin Report compared several linguistic policy options and concluded that the adoption of Esperanto as the common language would hypothetically allow savings and have other benefits but would be impractical add something


Philip Davies - Davies has called for complete withdrawal from the European Union, starting the Better Off Out campaign, and campaigning at the Conservative Party Conference in 2005


William Wallace, Baron Wallace of Saltaire - In 2005 he was awarded the Légion d'Honneur in recognition of his long-standing efforts to promote the European Union


Timo Soini - The European Union Emission Trading Scheme was introduced in 2005


Robert Mugabe - On 8 April 2005, Mugabe attended the funeral of Pope John Paul II, a move which could be seen as defiance of a European Union travel ban that does not, however, apply to Vatican City


Eddie Izzard - He is especially well known as a pro-European Union campaigner supporting the further integration of the UK into the EU. In May 2005, he appeared on the BBC's political debate show "Question Time", describing himself as a 'British-European', comparing this with other cultural identities such as 'African-American'


Martin Jahn - In May 2005, he proposed a new economic agenda, by which he claimed the Czech Republic could catch up western countries of the European Union in eight years


C. Boyden Gray - When he emerged as George W. Bush's preferred candidate for the post of the US's ambassador to the European Union in July 2005, that potential nomination deeply perturbed open source advocates who view his ties to Microsoft with suspicion


The introduction of a mandatory and comprehensive European energy policy was approved at the meeting of the European Council in October 2005, and the first draft policy was published in January 2007 add something


In 2006, the 27 member states of the EU had a gross inland energy consumption of 1,825 million tonnes of oil equivalent add something


Saparmurat Niyazov - In 2006 the European Commission and the international trade committee of the European Parliament voted to grant Turkmenistan "most favoured nation" trading status with the European Union, widely seen as motivated by interest in natural gas, after Niyazov announced he would enter a "human rights dialogue" with the EU.


Boris Johnson - Johnson is a popular historian; and his first documentary series, "The Dream of Rome", comparing the Roman Empire and the modern-day European Union, was broadcast in 2006


Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero - During the meeting of the European Union Justice and Home Affairs Ministers held in Tampere on 22 September 2006, some of the European ministers reprimanded the Spanish authorities for the aforementioned massive regularisation of undocumented immigrants which was regarded as too loose and opposed to the policies of other State members


Stan Jones (politician) - During the senatorial debate held on October 9, 2006, Jones stated that a conspiracy of the European Union and North American elites is on the verge of forming a "one world communist government


Avigdor Lieberman - In December 2006, he called Iranian nuclear proliferation "the biggest threat facing the Jewish people since the Second World War." He advocated that Israel join the European Union and NATO


Sepp Blatter - Blatter appeared to incur much criticism during 2007 and 2008 for his apparent persistence in attempting to change European Union employment law regarding the number of foreign players football clubs can field at any one time


Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden - In 2007, Victoria studied French privately and held an internship at the Permanent Representation of Sweden to the European Union


Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - Monckton has been an advocate of Euroscepticism for many years; as he put it in a 2007 interview, he would "leave the European Union, close down 90 per cent of government services and shift power away from the atheistic, humanistic government and into the hands of families and individuals


On 1 January 2007, Romania and Bulgaria became the EU's members add something


David Stoddart, Baron Stoddart of Swindon - Campaign for an Independent Britain - Stoddart was for many years the Chairman of the Campaign for an Independent Britain, which campaigns for the United Kingdom to end its membership of the European Union, a position he held until May 2007


In the same year Slovenia adopted the euro, followed in 2008 by Cyprus and Malta, by Slovakia in 2009 and by Estonia in 2011 add something


One of the outgrowths of the European sovereign debt crisis of 2008 on and strains on the Euro have been, first, increased reliance on the European Central Bank and the IMF for managing intra-Union financial imbalances; second, a move toward European common banking regulation; and third, proposals for greater common political and budgetary policy for the Union add something


Pedro Obiang - He left Atlético Madrid in 2008 at age 16, the minimum age that international transfer within the European Union is allowed


H. P. Lovecraft - So, all works of Lovecraft published during his lifetime, became public domain in all 27 European Union countries on 1 January 2008


Kamal al-Labwani - In May 2008, the European Union Presidency issued a Declaration condemning the additional sentence handed down to Dr. al-Labwani, and called for his immediate release and for him to be treated humanely whilst imprisoned


Rem Koolhaas - In October 2008 Rem Koolhaas was invited for a European "group of the wise" under the chairmanship of former Spanish prime minister Felipe González to help 'design' the future European Union



In their report on 2009 the auditors found that five areas of Union expenditure, agriculture and the cohesion fund, were materially affected by error add something


The latest amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009 add something


The monetary union has been shaken by the European sovereign-debt crisis since 2009 add something


Ernst Nolte - Since 2009, the European Union has a common remembrance day for Stalinism and Nazism


Arseniy Yatsenyuk - Yatseniuk stated late 2009 that in its relations with the European Union, Ukraine should have a visa-free regime with EU countries


Ken Livingstone - At a 2 January 2009 London press conference featuring celebrities announcing opposition to Israel's launch of the Gaza War, Livingstone called for the European Union and the UK to bring home their ambassadors to Israel to express disapproval for the "slaughter and systematic murder of innocent Arabs"


Kartika Liotard - In May 2009 she co-authored a book on the European Union and water privatisation, on the EU's policies towards privatisation of water services both within the Union and around the world


Vladimir Putin - On 9 June 2009, after 16 years of slowly progressing accession talks with the World Trade Organization, which, according to the European Union, might be completed by the end of the year, Vladimir Putin announced that Russia withdrew from the negotiations and instead would make a new joint bid with Belarus and Kazakhstan.


Fredrik Reinfeldt - Reinfeldt became President of the European Council on 1 July 2009, as Sweden took over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union from the Czech Republic


Brendan Nelson - In September 2009, the Labor Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced Nelson as the next Ambassador to the European Union, Belgium and Luxembourg as well as Australia's Special Representative at the World Health Organisation and NATO


Brendan Nelson - On 17 September 2009, Foreign Minister Stephen Smith appointed Nelson as the Ambassador to Belgium, Luxembourg, the European Union and NATO, at the same time appointing former Federal Labor Leader, Kim Beazley as the Australian Ambassador to the United States of America


On 19 November 2009, Herman Van Rompuy was chosen as the first permanent President of the European Council add something


On 1 December 2009, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force and reformed many aspects of the EU. In particular it changed the legal structure of the European Union, merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity provisioned with legal personality, and it created a permanent President of the European Council, the first of which is Herman Van Rompuy, and a strengthened High Representative, Catherine Ashton add something


On 1 December 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force and he assumed office add something


Copyright 2010, APN Holdings NZ Limited add something


In 2010, 47,3 million people lived in the EU, who were born outside their resident country add something


Patrizia Busignani - In 2010 and 2011 she was a spokeswoman for the committee to promote a referendum on San Marino joining the European Union


Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - In 2010 the French-based NGO Reporters Without Borders objected to the Turkish laws to protect the memory of Kemal Atatürk, saying they are in contradiction with the current European Union standards of freedom of speech in news media


Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero - On 1 January 2010, Spain assumed the Presidency of the European Union for the first six months of the 18-month 'Trio' along with Belgium and Hungary


Peter Mullen - Mullen is Eurosceptic and in March 2010, he spoke at a United Kingdom Independence Party event in Chichester, where he denounced the European Union and Islam


The eurozone has since grown to 17 countries, the most recent being Estonia which joined on 1 January 2011 add something


Alexander Lukashenko - Lukashenko's inauguration ceremony of 22 January 2011 was boycotted by European Union ambassadors, while fellow CIS countries did send officials not higher than ambassadors


Alexander Lukashenko - Effective 31 January 2011, the European Union renewed a travel ban, prohibiting Lukashenko and 156 of his associates from traveling to EU member countries, as a result of violent crackdowns of opposition supporters by Lukashenko's government forces following the election


Yulia Tymoshenko - In August 2011 United States and European Union officials called the prosecution of Tymoshenko "selective prosecution of political opponents"


Yulia Tymoshenko - Tymoshenko was re-arrested on 8 December 2011, after a Ukrainian court ordered her indefinite arrest, as part of the investigation of alleged tax evasion and theft of government funds by United Energy Systems of Ukraine; again the European Union showed concern over this


On 9 December 2011, Croatia signed the EU accession treaty add something


Galileo is a proposed Satellite navigation system, to be built by the EU and launched by the European Space Agency , and is to be operational by 2012 add something


The combined population of all 27 member states was forecast at 503,679,730 as of 1 January 2012 add something


The EU accession referendum was held in Croatia on 22 January 2012, with the majority voting for Croatia's accession to the European Union making it the 28th member state as of July 2013 add something


Alexander Lukashenko - On 4 March 2012, Lukashenko provoked diplomatic rebuke from Germany and much controversy when he insulted the openly gay German Foreign Minister, Guido Westerwelle, by claiming that it was "better to be a dictator than gay" two days after European Union leaders at a summit in Brussels on 3 March had called for new measures to pressure Lukashenko over alleged human rights abuses in Belarus


Viktor Yanukovych - The Ambassadors of the European Union to Ukraine, Jose Manuel Pinto Teixeira, stated at an April 2012 interview with Korrespondent that Yanukovych's presidency "fell short of expectations"


Keisha Buchanan - The name was officially registered through the European Union on 27 June 2012


Duncan Lewis - On 17 September 2012 it was announced that Lewis had been appointed Australia's ambassador to Belgium, the European Union, Luxembourg and NATO, and would leave the Department of Defence on 10 October


Duncan Lewis - He will assume the office of the Australian Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, European Union and NATO on 10 October 2012


At the beginning of 2013, the debate played out in Germany, the largest and strongest single economy in the Union add something


On 13 June 2013, Iceland's Foreign Minister Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson informed the European Commission that the newly elected government intended to "put negotiations on hold" add something


On 1 July 2013, Croatia became the 28th EU member add something


The eurozone has since grown to 18 countries, the most recent being Latvia which joined on 1 January 2014 add something


The 8th European Parliament election in May 2014 saw euroskeptic parties gain a larger voteshare than previous elections add something


The eurozone has since grown to 19 countries, the most recent being Lithuania which joined on 1 January 2015 add something


In December 2015 the European Commission presented its proposal for a new European Border and Coast Guard Agency having a stronger role and mandate along with national authorities for border management add something


On 20 February 2016, British Prime Minister David Cameron announced that a referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union will be held on 23 June 2016 add something


On 23 June 2016 the UK voted to leave the European Union add something


The United Kingdom voted in a referendum on 23 June 2016 to leave the EU. add something


The UK formally notified the European Council of its decision to leave on 29 March 2017 initiating the formal withdrawal procedure for leaving the EU. add something


In the Elections to the European Parliament in 2019, the green parties increased their power, possibly because of the rise of post materialist values add something


Almost all member states supported that goal at an EU summit in June 2019 add something