Eurovision Song Contest

Knowledge Identifier: !Eurovision_Song_Contest


Eurovision Song Contest

Annual singing competition held among many of the active member countries of the European Broadcasting Union add

Category: Music

Activity starting in 1951.

Countries: United Kingdom (13%), Sweden (11%), France (9%)

Main connections: ABBA, Niamh Kavanagh, Dana International

Linked to: Council of Europe, Francophone, International Telecommunication Union, ABBA




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The name "Eurovision" was first used in relation to the EBU's network by British journalist George Campey in the London "Evening Standard" in 1951 add something


At a committee meeting held in Monaco in January 1955, director general of Swiss television and committee chairman Marcel Bezençon conceived the idea of an international song contest where countries would participate in one television programme, to be transmitted simultaneously to all countries of the union add something


The concept, known as "Eurovision Grand Prix", was approved by the EBU General Assembly in a meeting held in Rome on 19 October 1955 and it was decided that the first contest would take place in spring 1956 in Lugano, Switzerland add something


From 1956 until 1965, there was no rule restricting the languages in which the songs could be sung add something


From 1956 until 1998, it was necessary for the host country to provide a live orchestra for the use of the participants add something


The 1956 Contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland add something


The contest has been broadcast every year since its inauguration in 1956 and is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world add something


The number of countries participating each year has steadily grown over time, from seven participants in 1956 to over 20 in the late 1980s add something


Rolf Liebermann - At the inaugural Eurovision Song Contest in 1956, Liebermann acted as the President of the jury; being responsible for moderating and finalising the results of the seven international juries judging the competition


Walter Andreas Schwarz - In 1956, he competed with his own composition Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück in the German national final for the Eurovision Song Contest and won


The first contest was held in the town of Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956 add something


From 1957 to 1962, the participating countries were called in reverse order of the presentation of their songs, and from 1963 to 2003, each country was called in the same order in which their song had been presented add something


From 1957 to 1987, the points were displayed on a physical scoreboard to the side of the stage add something


The winner of the 1957 contest was the Netherlands, and Dutch television accepted the responsibility of hosting in 1958 add something


Shirley Eaton - Although not known as a singer, Eaton participated in the British heat of the 1957 Eurovision Song Contest


In 1958 it was decided that from on, the winning country would host the Contest the next year add something


Andre Claveau - He won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1958 singing "Dors, mon amour" with music composed by Pierre Delanoë and lyrics by Hubert Giraud


Nicholas Parsons - He was the voting presenter for the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest from 1960-1963


Kathy Kirby - Kirby became one of the biggest stars of the early to mid 1960s, appearing in the Royal Command Variety Performance and three television series for BBC TV. She represented the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1965, and came second with the song "I Belong"


Francoise Hardy - In 1963 she came fifth for Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest with "L'amour s'en va"


Since 1964 the voting has been presided over by the EBU scrutineer, who is responsible for ensuring that all points are allocated correctly and in turn add something


The country that has participated the longest without any win is Portugal, which made its debut in 1964 and has never finished in the top five add something


Kathy Kirby - She is best known for her cover version of Doris Day's "Secret Love" and for representing the United Kingdom in the 1965 Eurovision Song Contest, where she came in second place


In 1966 a rule was imposed stating that the songs must be performed in one of the official languages of the country participating, after Sweden presented its 1965 entry in English add something


Likewise Sandie Shaw, who won in 1967 with Puppet on a String, was already a star in the UK. add something


Vicky Leandros - In 1967 she received an offer to sing for Luxembourg at the "Eurovision Song Contest" with the song "L'amour est bleu"


Louis Neefs - In 1967, Neefs was chosen, with the song "Ik heb zorgen" , as the Belgian representative in the 12th Eurovision Song Contest which took place on 8 April in Vienna


As of , the only time since 1969 when two or more countries have tied for first place on total points alone was in 1991, when France and Sweden both totalled 0146 points add something


Andrew Lloyd Webber - In 1969 Rice and Lloyd Webber wrote a song for the Eurovision Song Contest called "Try It and See," which was not selected


Elton John - Their early output included a contender for the British entry for the Eurovision Song Contest in 1969, for Lulu, called "Can't Go On "


Lulu (singer) - On 29 March 1969, she represented the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest performing the song "Boom Bang-a-Bang", written by Peter Warne and Alan Moorhouse, the song chosen from a selection of six by viewers of her BBC1 variety series "Happening for Lulu" and on a special show hosted by Michael Aspel in which she performed all six one after another


Finland, Norway, Sweden and Portugal did not participate in the 1970 Contest as a protest against the results of the previous year add something


Lars Forssell - During the 1970s he worked tirelessly as a poet and as a song-contest lyricist, including writing for the 1973 Swedish Eurovision Song Contest entry selection round and for performer Lill-Babs in 1980


Cliff Richard - Richard hosted the BBC's qualifying heat for the Eurovision Song Contest, "A Song for Europe", in 1970, 1971 and 1972 as part of his BBCTV variety series


From 1971 to 1973, each country sent two jurors, who were actually present at the contest venue and announced their votes as the camera was trained on them add something


Cliff Richard - He presented the Eurovision Song Contest Previews for the BBC in 1971 and 1972


Vicky Leandros - In 1972, she achieved worldwide fame after winning the "Eurovision Song Contest" with the song, "Après Toi", while representing the country of Luxembourg


From 1973 onwards, pre-recorded backing tracks were permitted although the host country was still obliged to provide a live orchestra in order to give participants a choice add something


In 1973 one of the Swiss jurors made a great show of presenting his votes with flamboyant gestures add something


Prior to 1973, all music was required to be played by the host orchestra add something


The language restriction continued until 1973, when it was lifted and performers were again allowed to sing in any language they wished add something


Western Asia , since 1973, 1981, 2006 respectively; and Morocco, in North Africa, in the 1980 competition alone add something


Anne-Marie David - In 1973, she was selected to represent Luxembourg as the Grand Duchy sought to repeat its previous year's triumph on home soil in the Eurovision Song Contest


One such artist was ABBA, who won the contest for Sweden in 1974 with their song "Waterloo" add something


David Vine - He provided the BBC TV commentary for the Eurovision Song Contest 1974, hosting the preview shows of the international entries, and compèred the 1975 Miss World broadcast, the latter resulting in some embarrassment because he found it difficult to understand what many of the contestants were saying


Olivia Newton-John - In 1974, Newton-John represented the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Long Live Love"


However, the success of these countries has declined in recent decades; the Netherlands last won in 1975; France, in 1977; and Luxembourg, in 1983 add something


The modern system has been in place since 1975, and is a positional voting system add something


Madeline Bell - Bell has provided backing vocals on a number of other artists' recordings, notably Tom Parker's neo-classical arrangements, and in 1975 performed with Sunny and Sue at the Eurovision Song Contest in Stockholm , Sweden, providing backing vocals for the German entry "Ein Lied Kann Eine Brücke Sein", performed by Joy Fleming


Romina Power - In 1975 they formed a singing duo, which became well known in Italy, Germany, Austria, Spain, France, Greece, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the USSR, releasing multiple albums in different languages and achieving 7th place in both the 1976 and 1985 Eurovision Song Contest for Italy


Pierre Rapsat - In 1976 Rapsat's self-composed song "Judy et Cie" was chosen as the Belgian entry for the twenty first Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 3 April in The Hague


Pierre Rapsat - Outside these areas, he is best known for his participation in the 1976 Eurovision Song Contest


In 1977, the EBU decided to revert to the national language restriction add something


In 1978, during the performance of the Israeli entry, the Jordanian broadcaster JRTV suspended the broadcast and showed pictures of flowers add something


Izhar Cohen - Representing Israel, he won the 1978 Eurovision Song Contest with the group Alphabeta performing "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" with music by Nurit Hirsh and words by Ehud Manor


Micha Marah - She represented Belgium at the Eurovision Song Contest in 1979 with the song "Hey Nana"


Victoria Abril - She tried to represent Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1979 with "Bang-Bang-Bang", but came second by just one point in the national final, losing to Betty Missiego with 26 out of a maximum 29


Jorgen de Mylius - At the Eurovision Song Contest 1980, he introduced the Danish entry in The Hague


Noel Edmonds - In 1980, Edmonds took part in the "Eurovision Song Contest", introducing the UK entry live on stage at the final in The Hague


In 1981 JRTV did not broadcast the voting because the name of Israel appeared on the scoreboard add something


Since 1981, all contests have been held in the country which won the previous year add something


Carola Haggkvist - Häggkvist represented Sweden at Eurovision Song Contest 1983 on 23 April


Alice (singer) - In 1984 she represented Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest with "I treni di Tozeur", a duet with longtime collaborator Franco Battiato


Alice (singer) - In May 1984 Alice and Franco Battiato represented Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest with the for its genre highly unconventional song "I treni di Tozeur" , again composed by Battiato, Giusto Pio and lyricist Rosario Cosentino. The mid-tempo synth-driven ballad was based around a very brief excerpt from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "The Magic Flute" and was performed on stage in Luxembourg with three classically trained mezzosopranos


Plastic Bertrand - In 1987 he represented Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Amour Amour"


Another winner who subsequently achieved international fame and success was French Canadian singer, Céline Dion, who won the contest for Switzerland in 1988 with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi", which subsequently helped launch her international career add something


As digital graphic technology progressed, the physical scoreboards were superseded in 1988 by an electronic representation which could be displayed on the TV screen at the will of the programme's director add something


DJ BoBo - Most notably, Canadian Celine Dion won the Eurovision Song Contest 1988 representing Switzerland


Samantha Womack - In recent years she has been best known for playing the role of Ronnie Branning in "EastEnders", but made her name in the mid 1990s as Mandy Wilkins in "Game On", and represented the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1991


Miriam Stockley - Stockley provided backing vocals for the United Kingdom's Eurovision Song Contest entry on several occasions, most notably with Emma in 1990 and for Katrina and the Waves when they won in Dublin in 1997


Carola Haggkvist - "Eurovision Song Contest 1991", BBC One commentary feed


Samantha Womack - The actress first came to prominence in March 1991, when still only 18, when she won the annual A Song for Europe competition to represent the United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest


In 1993, twenty-five countries participated in the competition, including, for the first time that year, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia, entering independently due to the dissolution of Yugoslavia add something


Luxembourg last entered the contest in 1993 add something


Since 1993, and following the cessation of the Eastern European OIRT network and the merger with the EBU, there have been more countries wishing to enter the contest than there is time to reasonably include all their entries in a single TV show add something


The lowest-placed countries in the 1993 score table were forced to skip the next year, in order to allow the countries which failed the 1993 pre-selection into the 1994 contest add something


The smallest town to have been hosts was Millstreet in County Cork, Ireland, in 1993 add something


Niamh Kavanagh - The 1993 Eurovision Song Contest was held in Millstreet, County Cork, Republic of Ireland


Niamh Kavanagh - On 14 March 1993, twenty-five-year-old Kavanagh performed in RTÉ's "National Song Contest", which selected the Irish entry for the larger Eurovision Song Contest, to be held in Millstreet, County Cork, later that spring


However, since 1994 no country has won two years in a row, and semi-finals have been won by different countries, until 2012 when Sweden won the second semi-final in 2011 and 2012 add something


Prior to 1994 the announcements were made over telephone lines; with the audio being piped into the auditorium for the audience to hear, and over the television transmission add something


Relegation continued through 1994 and 1995; Norway, as the host country in 1996 , automatically qualified and was therefore excluded from the necessity of going through the pre-selection add something


The 1994 contest included for the first time Estonia, Romania, Slovakia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland and Russia add something


With the advent of more reliable satellite networks, from 1994 onwards voting spokespeople have appeared on camera from their respective countries to read out the votes add something


Silvi Vrait - In 1994, Silvi Vrait was the representative of Estonia at the Eurovision Song Contest, held in Dublin that year


Michael Flatley - Flatley and Jean Butler choreographed the original "Riverdance" and led the show to great success as the intermission act in the Eurovision Song Contest on April 30, 1994, and starred in the full-length show that was developed from the seven-minute number


Jonathan King - He produced "A Song for Europe", the BBC quest for a Eurovision Song Contest entrant, from 1995


One country which failed to qualify in the 1996 pre-selection was Germany add something


Lucia Moniz - Moniz represented Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996 and has released four music albums to date


Lucia Moniz - She was *awarded with representing Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996, where she finished in sixth place amongst 23 contestants - the best ever result for Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest


From 1997 to 2003, countries qualified for each contest based on the average of their points totals for their entries over the previous five years add something


Historically, a country's set of votes was decided by an internal jury, but in 1997 five countries experimented with televoting, giving members of the public in those countries the opportunity to vote en-masse for their favourite songs add something


Katrina Leskanich - In 1997, after having somewhat faded into obscurity, the band won the Eurovision Song Contest 1997 for the United Kingdom with "Love Shine a Light"


Paul Oscar - Paul Oscar came to international attention when he performed "Minn hinsti dans" , Iceland's entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 1997


Paul Oscar - Paul Oscar was Iceland's entrant in the annual Eurovision Song Contest in 1997


The orchestra has not since made an appearance at the contest; the last time being in 1998 when the BBC hosted the show in Birmingham add something


Paul Oscar - In 1998 he was invited to appear in "A Song for Eurotrash", a one-off special of the British Channel 4 TV series "Eurotrash" that was based on the Eurovision Song Contest


Nena - Simultaneously, she hosted several TV shows, including "Metro" and "Countdown Grand Prix", the German preselection for the "Eurovision Song Contest", in 1998


From 1999 onwards, broadcasters who wished to do so were given the opportunity to take more advertising breaks as short, non-essential hiatuses were introduced into the programme add something


In 1999 the rule was changed to allow the choice of language once more add something


In 1999 the rules were amended to abolish the requirement by the host broadcaster to provide a live orchestra, leaving it as an optional contribution add something


In 1999, the Croatian song featured sounds on their backing track which sounded suspiciously like human voices add something


The host that year, Israel's IBA, decided not to use an orchestra in order to save on expenses, and 1999 became the first year in which all of the songs were played as pre-recorded backing tracks add something


Three major contest preemptions took place since 1999 add something


Therese Grankvist - Melodifestivalen - At the 1999 Melodifestivalen, the Swedish qualification for Eurovision Song Contest, Drömhus competed with the song "Stjärna på himmelen"


Gabriel Fehervari - In 1999 he delivered the infrastructure for the transmission of the Eurovision Song Contest in Israel


Germany became the first "Big Four" country to win the contest since the rule was made in 2000, when Lena Meyer-Landrut won the 2010 Contest add something


However, in the new 2000 millennium the trend has been for the national delegations to centralise their activity and hold their celebrations in the Euroclub add something


Since 2000, the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain have automatically qualified for the final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous contests, due to their status of being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU. As a result, these countries became known as the "Big Four" add something


Since 2000, the contest has been broadcast over the Internet, with more than 74,000 people in almost 0140 countries having watched the 2006 edition online add something


The Dutch state broadcaster pulled their broadcast of the 2000 final to provide emergency news coverage of a major incident, the Enschede fireworks disaster add something


Goran Karan - In 2000 he represented Croatia at Eurovision Song Contest, after winning the Croatian pre-selection Dora


Cecelia Ahern - In 2000, she was part of the Irish pop group Shimma, who finished third in the Irish national final for the Eurovision Song Contest


Jessica Garlick - She was the highest placed British entrant at the Eurovision Song Contest of the 2000s, coming joint third in the 2002 contest


Estonia was the first post-Soviet country to win the competition in 2001 add something


Every year from 2001 to 2008 inclusive, a country won for its first time add something


Rudolph Moshammer - He had a musical band, "Münchner Zwietracht" , with whom he was a contestant in the German Eurovision Song Contest preliminary round show in 2001


Rocco Granata - He has appeared regularly on Belgian television, and served as a jury member for the 2002 Flemish preliminaries for the Eurovision Song Contest


With this allowance, Belgium entered the 2003 Contest with "Sanomi", a song sung in a constructed language add something


A qualification round, known as the semi-final, was introduced for the 2004 Contest add something


However, with the introduction of the semi-finals and therefore the resulting increase in the number of countries taking part since 2004, the first rehearsals have commenced on the Sunday almost two weeks before the Grand Final add something


Since 2004 the order of the countries' announcements of votes has changed since the inception of the semi-final, and the countries that did not make it to the final each year could vote add something


The current generic logo was introduced for the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest in Turkey, to create a consistent visual identity add something


Ukraine, on the other hand, did not have to wait so long, winning with only their second entry in 2004 add something


Ruslana - At the Eurovision Song Contest 2004, she performed her self-composed song, "Wild Dances" and lost the contest receiving 1 points


Ruslana - Previously, the lead single "Wild Dances" had brought Ruslana the victory at the Eurovision Song Contest 2004 and entered various European single charts


Stefan Raab - Raab cast the German entry for the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest in a talent show contest called "SSDSGPS"


Ruslana - Ruslana was internally chosen by the NTU to represent Ukraine at the Eurovision Song Contest 2004


Ruslana - She won the Eurovision Song Contest 2004 with the song "Wild Dances" receiving points from 34 of the 35 countries participating in the contest


Agnetha Faltskog - Shortly after this release, for the 2004 semi-final of the Eurovision Song Contest, staged in Istanbul 30 years after ABBA had won the contest in Brighton, Fältskog appeared briefly in a special comedy video made for the interval act, entitled "Our Last Video


Thomas Anders - Thomas Anders received an offer from NDR to host the Eurovision Song Contest 2004, 11 million viewers who already knew Anders as a singer watched him announce the German voting points


From 2005 to 2007, the semi-final programme was held on the Thursday of Eurovision Week add something


In 2005, Lebanon intended to participate in the contest add something


In autumn 2005, the EBU organised a special programme to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the contest add something


In the summer of 2005, Ukraine abolished its normal visa requirement for visitors from the EU to coincide with its hosting of the event add something


Ani Lorak - Having come close to singing the home country's entry in 2005, when Ukraine staged the Eurovision Song Contest, Ukrainian television NTU announced in late December that Ani Lorak, one of the country's most successful singers would represent the country at Eurovision in Belgrade and that the public and a jury would choose the song


Katrina Leskanich - In 2005 Leskanich hosted "Congratulations - 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest", in Copenhagen


Katrina Leskanich - In 2005 she participated in the Swedish selection for the Eurovision Song Contest with the song "As If Tomorrow Will Never Come"


Ani Lorak - In 2005, Ani Lorak made her first attempt to perform at the Eurovision Song Contest and was virtually certain to sing the home country's entry in Kiev , but ultimately failed to be selected


Anne-Marie David - In 2005, she sang at the festival for the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest, staged in Copenhagen , where she performed the 1972 Eurovision winner "Après toi"


Ruslana - Within the frames of the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 in Kiev she gave a charity concert for children suffering from the consequences of the Chernobyl tragedy


Stefan Raab - On 29 May 2005 Stefan Raab received the "Deutsch-Türkischer Freundschaftspreis" for his TV total specials from Istanbul in preparation for the Eurovision Song Contest 2004


Another study concludes that as of 2006, voting blocs have, on at least two occasions, crucially affected the outcome of the contest add something


In 2006 the Dutch entry, "Amambanda", was sung partly in English and partly in an artificial language add something


The 2006 winner was Finland, which finally won after having entered the contest for 45 years add something


This well-established pattern, however, was notably broken in 2006 with Finnish hard rock band Lordi's victory add something


Yet another study concludes that as of 2006 voting blocs has, on at least two occasions, crucially affected the outcome of the contest add something


Carola Haggkvist - Four years later, her comment was brought up when she participated in the Swedish national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest in March 2006


Thomas Anders - In March 2006, Anders got involved in Eurovision Song Contest again; however, he was one of the three contestants to represent Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 alongside with the Greek-born Vicky Leandros and country band Texas Lightning featuring comedian Olli Dittrich


Vicky Leandros - In March 2006, Leandros took part in the German pre-selection for the "Eurovision Song Contest" - 34 years since "Après Toi"


Carola Haggkvist - On March 15, 2006, Rickard Engfors, who is gay and Carola's cooperating partner during the Melodifestivalen and Eurovision Song Contest 2006, said "Carola doesn't hate gays


Fearne Cotton - On 20 May 2006 she read the United Kingdom's votes at the "Eurovision Song Contest 2006", held in Athens , Greece


DJ BoBo - On October 11, 2006, DJ BoBo announced in a press conference that he had applied to represent Switzerland at the Eurovision Song Contest 2007


Serbia won the very first year it entered as an independent state, in 2007 add something


Morrissey - In January 2007, the BBC confirmed that it was in talks with Morrissey for him to write a song for the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest


DJ BoBo - On February 21, 2007, DJ BoBo revealed both the song and the video he would enter in the Eurovision Song Contest in Helsinki , "Vampires Are Alive


Fearne Cotton - On 17 March 2007 she, along with Terry Wogan, hosted "Making Your Mind Up 2007", the show to decide which song the UK sent to the Eurovision Song Contest 2007 in Helsinki , Finland


At the 50th annual meeting of the EBU reference group in September 2007, it was decided that from the 2008 Contest onwards "two" semi-finals would be held add something


From 2008 onwards, the scoreboard position of any previous years has not been relevant, and save for the automatic qualifiers all participating countries have had to participate in the semi-finals, regardless of their previous year's scoreboard position add something


In 2008 the Belgian entry, "O Julissi", was sung in an artificial language add something


In 2008, due to the number of nations entering, it changed very slightly as two separate semi-finals were created add something


Ruslana - Azerbaijan made its debut in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008


Niamh Kavanagh - Kavanagh was the Irish spokesperson at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008


Ani Lorak - Lorak represented Ukraine at the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 with the song "Shady Lady" and came in 2nd place behind Dima Bilan from Russia


Katrina Leskanich - From 27 January 2008 to 9 March 2008, Katrina was one of three jury members for Eurosong 2008 in Belgium, the pre-selection for the Eurovision Song Contest


Amy Diamond - Diamond entered Melodifestivalen, the Swedish selection for the Eurovision Song Contest, in February 2008


Ani Lorak - At the 2008 Eurovision Song Contest in Belgrade , she sang the song "Shady Lady" in the second semi final on the 22nd of May 2008 winning a place in the final


Graham Norton - In October 2008, it was confirmed by the BBC that Norton would replace Terry Wogan as the BBC's presenter for the UK heats of the Eurovision Song Contest, in a show to be called "Your Country Needs You"


Graham Norton - On 5 December 2008 it was announced that Norton would take over from Wogan as the presenter of the main Eurovision Song Contest


However, the Eurovision Song Contest albums were still being sold in Lebanese music stores until 2009, with the word Israel erased from the back cover add something


In 2009, Norway won the contest with 0387 points, the highest total in the history of the competition, becoming the first competitor to score 0300 or more points, including 16 maximum scores add something


Spain's RTVE delayed their broadcast of the second semi-final in the 2009 Contest, due to the Madrid Open tennis tournament add something


Stefan Raab - In 2009, Raab was approached by the public broadcaster NDR, a member of the ARD broadcasting consortium, to jointly organise a national preselection in order to determine the German entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010


Andrew Lloyd Webber - Lloyd Webber accepted the challenge of managing the UK's entry for the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, to be held in Moscow


Alexander Rybak - The new track which will be released during the day is co-written by David Eriksen who is well-known to fans of the Eurovision Song Contest for writing "Butterflies" for Tone Damli Aaberge which was the runner-up to Rybak in the 2009 Melodi Grand Prix


Jessica Garlick - The début single from her album, "Hard Not to Fall", was released on 11 May 2009, one day before the first Eurovision Song Contest semi-final


Graham Norton - The 54th Eurovision Song Contest was held in the Olimpiyskiy Stadium, Moscow . on 16 May 2009


As of 2010, the albums were banned completely from sale add something


This hybrid system was expanded in 2010 to be implemented in the semi-finals add something


Niamh Kavanagh - Kavanagh was again representing Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010, with the song "It's for You"


Niamh Kavanagh - The singer represented Ireland again in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 in Oslo , with the song "It's for You"


Alexander Rybak - On 30 January 2010, Rybak performed one of his new singles, "Europe's Skies", in national final, Euroviisut 2010, to select the 2010 Finnish entry at the Eurovision Song Contest 2010


Niamh Kavanagh - Kavanagh's possible participation in Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was confirmed on 10 February 2010 when Ireland's public service broadcaster, Raidió Teilifís Éireann , announced the five finalists for Eurosong 2010, the national final to determine entry


Stefan Raab - On 29 May 2010 Meyer-Landrut won the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Satellite", claiming the first German Eurovision victory in 28 years


On 31 December 2010, it was announced that Italy would automatically qualify into the final, thus joining the other four qualifiers to become the "Big Five" add something


Another relatively quick winner was Azerbaijan, who won in 2011 in only their fourth year in the competition add something


In 2011 the Norwegian entry, "Haba Haba", which was sung in English and Swahili, was the first song to be sung in an African language add something


In 2011, the voting order was determined by the results of a jury the day before the final so as to create as much suspense as possible when the votes were revealed add something


Niamh Kavanagh - On the New Year's Eve she took part in the Romanian National Final for the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 where she performed her 2010 entry in the Contest and the ABBA hit "Happy New Year, alongside Chiara Siracusa and Paula Seling


The Albanian state broadcaster deferred their broadcast of the first semi-final in the 2012 Contest to provide emergency news coverage of a major bus accident add something


This feat was emulated in 2012, when Sweden won with 0372 points, but with a new record of 18 maximum scores add something


Jamie Cullum - In February 2012, Germany picked Roman Lob with "Standing Still", a composition by Cullum, along with Steve Robson, and Wayne Hector, as their entry for the Eurovision Song Contest


This rule has caused controversy; Turkey withdrew from the 2013 Contest with the status of the "Big Five" being one of the reasons cited add something


The ensemble is set to preform on the stage of the 2014 Euroclub celebrations add something


As of 2015, this includes the necessity to have broadcast the previous year's programme within their country, and paid the EBU a participation fee in advance of the deadline specified in the rules of the contest for the year in which they wish to participate add something


Eurovision has been broadcast outside Europe to such places as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, China, Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, South Africa, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States, Uruguay, Venezuela and Vietnam, although these countries do not compete, however Australia has been invited to compete as a guest country in 2015 for the 60 years of Eurovision celebration add something


However it was revealed in May 2015 that Australia might become a permanent participant following some reports by Jon Ola to the Swedish broadcaster add something


In November 2015, the EBU announced that Australia would return in 2016 add something


If Australia won't qualify from the grand final in 2016, Australia would be withdrawn until the 2017 contest add something


Germany became the first and, as of 2017, the only "Big Five" country to win the contest since the rule was made in 2000, when Lena Meyer-Landrut won the 2010 Contest add something


In the most recent edition in 2017, a total of 42 countries took part, with 26 appearing in the final add something


The current winner of the contest is Salvador Sobral who won the 2017 contest for Portugal add something


This feat was extended in 2017 when Salvador Sobral beat Ukraine's points record by 224 points, in addition to beating the same score by 81 points add something


Under the current voting system, the highest scoring winner is Salvador Sobral of Portugal who won the 2017 contest in Kiev, Ukraine, with 758 points add something


When won in 2017, they ended a 53-year run of entering without a win add something


C1R has announced that they intend to enter in 2018 add something


As of the 2019 contest, the only regularly contested positions in the running order that have never won the contest are numbers 2 and 16, with position number 21 winning for the first time in 2016 add something


In 2019, Netherlands placed third with the juries and second with the televote add something


In the 2019 contest the televoting results were announced in aggregate in inverse standing order based on the jury votes; starting with Spain and culminating in Sweden add something


The current winner is Duncan Laurence from the Netherlands who won the 2019 event with the song Arcade add something


The most recent winner of the contest is Duncan Laurence who won the 2019 contest for The Netherlands add something