Felipe González

Knowledge Identifier: +Felipe_Gonzalez

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Felipe Gonzalez

Spanish social-democratic politician add

Category: Politics

Born in 1942.

Countries: Spain (65%), Europe (9%), Venezuela (6%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, ETA, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero

Linked to: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, People's Party, ETA, NATO

 

Timeline


 

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Felipe Gonzalez was born in 1942 add something


1960

The SS was established long before and its current bases were set in the 1960s http://es add something


1969

González married María del Carmen Julia Romero y López in Seville on 16 July 1969 and had three children: Pablo González Romero, David González Romero and María González Romero add something


1970

Furthermore, the universal and free education was further expanded in 1970 and guaranteed by the 1977 constitution http://es add something


1974

He was the General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party from 1974 to 1997 add something

 

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - In 1974 at its 26th Congress in Suresnes, Felipe González was elected Secretary General, replacing Rodolfo Llopis Ferrándiz


1975

His ascension is generally seen as the last step in the path to Spain's re-instatement of democracy which commenced with the death of Francisco Franco in 1975 add something


1976

Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero - The impression Felipe González had caused on him in 1976 played a fundamental role in his decision to join the party


1977

In the first democratic general election after Franco's death, held in 1977, the PSOE became the second most-voted for party, and this served González to appear as a young, active and promising leader add something

 

Juan Carlos I of Spain - On 20 May 1977, the leader of the only recently legalized Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Felipe González, accompanied by Javier Solana, visited Juan Carlos in the Zarzuela Palace


1979

However, he did not win the 1979 election and had to wait for 1982 and the dissolution of the Union of the Democratic Centre party to come into office add something

 

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - In 1979 the party abandoned its definitive Marxist theses at the hands of its secretary general Felipe González, not before overcoming great tensions and two Congresses, the first of which preferred to maintain Marxism


1982

To date, he remains the longest-serving Prime Minister of Spain, after having served four successive mandates from 1982 to 1996 add something

 

Ernest Lluch - He was Minister of Health and Consumption from 1982-1986 in the first post- Francisco Franco Spanish Socialist Workers' Party government of Felipe González

 

Revolutionary Antifascist Patriotic Front - In 1982 during the first Spanish Socialist Workers' Party government under Felipe González an amnesty was granted to FRAP militants by Royal Order

 

Rodrigo Rato - The 1982 election represented a defeat for the AP, and the beginning of the long rule of the PSOE and Felipe González

 

Juan Carlos I of Spain - The election of socialist leader Felipe González to the Spanish prime ministership in 1982 marked the effective end of the King's active involvement in Spanish politics

 

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - The party, under Felipe González, formed a majority government after its victory in the 1982 election which lasted until 1993, after which it formed a minority government until 1996

 

Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero - In July 1982, he met Felipe González at the summer school "Jaime Vera" and suggested that he make a "left turn" in the PSOE political program for the General Election of October 1982


1983

On 23 February 1983, the Government passed a law nationalising Rumasa, a private business that included merchant banking interests, on the grounds that it was at the point of bankruptcy and the government needed to protect the savings of depositors and the jobs of its 60,000 employees, a decision that aroused considerable criticism and a judicial conflict over the law that was only resolved, in favour of the government, in December 1986 add something


1984

When they tried to similarly tackle the debt problems in the dock industry in 1984 the dockers went on strike add something


1985

The UGT, or Workers' General Union, called a general strike on 20 June 1985 in protest against social security reforms add something


1986

During this second term, Spain joined the European Economic Community in 1986 add something

 

Felipe González secured Spain's entry into the EEC, which the country joined in 1986 and consolidated democratic government add something

 

Ernest Lluch - Felipe González named him Minister of Health and Consumption in the first PSOE government, a position he held until 1986


1988

A general strike on 14 December 1988 completely paralysed the country and caused the Unions and the PSOE left wing to describe González as moving to the right add something


1990

Due to his prestige, Spain housed peace talks between Palestinians and Israelis in 1990, that were presided over by G. Bush Sr. and M. Gorbachev add something

 

Private television chains were permitted in 1990, ending the state monopoly add something


1991

First Gulf War - In the First Gulf War in 1991, González supported the USA. From 1991, the PSOE started losing its urban vote in favour of the reformed People's_Party_(Spain) add something


1992

On the other side, events like the 1992 Olympic Games held in Barcelona or the Universal Exposition in Seville helped consolidating Spain's international image as a modern, affluent country add something

 

Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba - Rubalcaba was appointed Minister of Education and Science in 1992 by President Felipe González

 

Cadena SER - The nationalized shares were subsequently sold back to the private sector under the premiership of Felipe González in 1992


1993

Baltasar Garzon - In 1993, he asked for an extended leave of absence as a judge and went into politics, running for the Congress of Deputies on the party list of ruling party PSOE. He was declared head of a strengthened National Plan Against Drugs by Prime Minister Felipe González


1995

Towards the end of 1995 there was a debate about whether González should lead the PSOE in the forthcoming general elections add something

 

There was speculation in the press about Javier Solana as a possible replacement, but Solana was appointed Secretary General of NATO in December 1995 add something


1996

After losing power to Partido Popular's José María Aznar in 1996, he briefly continued to lead the PSOE but was ousted following a controversy regarding illegal actions his government had taken in the struggle against ETA add something

 

González ended his fourth term on 4 May 1996 add something

 

They lost the election to the People's_Party_(Spain) whose leader José María Aznar replaced González as prime minister on 4 or 5 May 1996 add something

 

Since September 1996 he has headed the Madrid-based Global Progress Foundation add something

 

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - Economic crisis and state terrorism against the violent separatist group ETA eroded the popularity of Felipe González, and in 1996, the PSOE lost the elections to the conservative People's Party

 

Joaquin Almunia - Upon the resignation of Felipe González after being defeated in the 1996 elections, Almunia became the party leader from 1997 to 2000


1997

In 1997 he was considered a leading candidate to take over the position of President of the European Commission after Jacques Santer add something

 

At the beginning of the 34th PSOE National Congress on 20 June 1997 he surprisingly resigned as leader of the party add something


1999

In 1999 González was put in charge of the party's Global Progress Commission in response to globalisation add something


2000

He was only replaced at the 35th party Congress in July 2000 when José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero became the leader add something


2004

He stood down as a deputy in the Spanish Parliament in March 2004 add something


2007

On 27 July 2007 the Spanish Government appointed him plenipotentiary and extraordinary ambassador for the bicentenary celebrations in commemoration of the independence of Latin America add something

 

At a summit held in Brussels on 14 December 2007, heads of state and government of European Union member states appointed González chairman of a think tank on the future of Europe add something


2008

Rem Koolhaas - In October 2008 Rem Koolhaas was invited for a European "group of the wise" under the chairmanship of former Spanish prime minister Felipe González to help 'design' the future European Union


2010

The celebrations will begin in September 2010 in Mexico add something


2012

In 2012 he married Mar García Vaquero add something


2015

González supported PSOE candidate Pedro Sánchez in the 2015 and 2016 general elections, but in the aftermath Sánchez announced talks with Podemos and Catalonian separatits parties add something

 

In 2015 González traveled to Venezuela to support Leopoldo López and other imprisoned opposition leaders add something

 

Since 2015 he has taken an active role in criticizing the emerging party Podemos, which he considers a populist threat, and have actively lobbied the PSOE against approaching Podemos for any possible government coalition add something

 

Leopoldo Lopez Mendoza - In March 2015, former socialist Prime Minister of Spain, Felipe González, agreed to take over the defense of López in his trial after his family requested his assistance