Knowledge Identifier: +Fidel_Castro
Born in 1926.
Countries: Cuba (33%), United States (27%), (5%)
Linked to: Communist Party of Cuba, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, Popular Socialist Party, Associated Press
In 1945 he transferred to the more prestigious Jesuit-run El Colegio de Belen in Havana , although to get in he had to pretend to be a year older than he was; his father bribed an administrator to supply him with a fake birth certificate stating that he was born in 1926 rather than 1927.
In September 1949, Mirta gave birth to a son, Fidelito, and so the couple moved to a larger flat in Havana .
Returning to Havana several weeks later, Castro layed low and focused on his university studies, graduating from university as a Doctor of Law in September 1950.
Raul Castro - Raúl Castro was a rebel commander during the 1950s; after his older brother, Fidel Castro, took power, Raúl Castro was one of the most important figures in the new regime, serving as Minister of the Armed Forces from 1959 to 2008
In March 1953, the MNR had planned to attack and seize control of the barracks at Camp Colombia, but police had been alerted to the plot, with the conspirators being rounded up and tortured.
Rohana Wijeweera - The trial sentenced him to life imprisonment after which he made an historic speech, stating "we may be killed but our voice will never die" echoing "History Will Absolve Me" by Fidel Castro, at the end of Moncada Barracks trial in 1953
In 1955, a series of bomb attacks and violent demonstrations against Batista's administration led to a crackdown on dissent in Cuba, with Castro being placed under armed guard by his supporters to protect him from possible assasination attempts.
Rafael Diaz-Balart - In 1955, he gave a speech before the Cuban House of Representatives in opposition to the amnesty granted to his former brother-in-law, Fidel Castro, for his involvement in the 1953 attack on the Moncada Barracks
Rafael del Pino (pilot) - Del Pino joined Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement at the age of 17, in December 1955
Gabe Pressman - He was sent by the network to report on many historic events, including the 1956 sinking of the "Andrea Doria", Elvis Presley's Army stint which went through Brooklyn, one-on-one interviews with Marilyn Monroe, Harry S Truman and Fidel Castro, the 1964 arrival of the Beatles at Kennedy Airport, the murder of Malcolm X, chasing after newly inaugurated New York mayor John Vliet Lindsay in the streets during a 1966 transit strike, the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, where he reported on the clashes between demonstrators and police, and the aftermath of
In this way he hoped to gain a wider support base amongst those of other political persuasions, and in 1957 he met with leading members of the Partido Ortodoxo.
Rafael Diaz-Balart - Díaz-Balart was elected senator in 1958, but was unable to take office due to Fidel Castro's rise to power on January 1, 1959
Erik Durschmied - In 1958, he shot the only film about Fidel Castro, on-site with the rebel in the Sierra Maestra mountains
Manuel Pineiro - In March 1958, he was recognized for his merits and was personally chosen by Fidel Castro to be the officer tasked with integrating the recently-created Eastern Front II "Frank País", under the command of Fidel's younger brother, Raúl
Frank Sturgis - In 1959, Sturgis became involved with Marita Lorenz, who was having an affair with Fidel Castro
Aurelio Baldor - In 1959, with the arrival of Fidel Castro's communist regime, Aurelio Baldor and his family began experiencing some problems
Alicia Alonso - When Fidel Castro took power from the Batista dictatorship on 1 January 1959, Castro vowed to increase funding to the nation's languishing cultural programs
Ernest Hemingway - He was in Cuba in November 1959, between returning from Pamplona and traveling west to Idaho, and the following year for his birthday; however, that year he and Mary decided to leave after hearing the news that Castro wanted to nationalize property owned by Americans and other foreign nationals.
Heberto Padilla - Although Padilla initially supported the revolution led by Fidel Castro, by the late 1960s he began to criticize it openly
Enrico Arrigoni - During the 1960s he helped Cuban anarchists who were suffering the repression of the recently established Fidel Castro ´s Marxist-Leninist regime
Allen Welsh Dulles - On March 4, 1960, "La Coubre", a ship flying a Belgian flag, exploded in Havana Bay. It was loaded with arms and ammunition destined for the armed forces of the Cuban government of Fidel Castro
Che Guevara and Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 1961.
Amiri Baraka - In 1961 Baraka co-authored a "Declaration of Conscience" in support of Fidel Castro's regime
Eldon Rudd - When assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot and killed President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963, Rudd was ordered by Hoover to collect from the Mexican government their law enforcement and intelligence files on Lee Harvey Oswald, including files relating to Oswald's connections to the pro- Fidel Castro Fair Play for Cuba Committee, Oswald's several trips to and from Cuba, and his arrest in Mexico City
African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde - In 1966, Amílcar Cabral attended the "Conferencia Tricontinental Enero" in Havana and made a great impression on Fidel Castro
Pablo Neruda - However, this visit prompted an unpleasant backlash; because the Peruvian government had come out against the government of Fidel Castro in Cuba, July 1966 saw more than one hundred Cuban intellectuals retaliate against the poet by signing a letter that charged Neruda with colluding with the enemy, calling him an example of the "tepid, pro-Yankee revisionism" prevalent in Latin America
Dilma Rousseff - According to Apolo Heringer, who was the leader of Colina in 1968 and taught Marxism to Rousseff in high school, she chose the armed struggle after reading Revolution inside the Revolution by Regis Debray, a French intellectual who had moved to Cuba and became a friend of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.
In 1971, despite an Organization of American States convention that no nation in the Western Hemisphere would have a relationship with Cuba (the only exception being Mexico, which had refused to adopt that convention), Castro took a month-long visit to Chile, following the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba.
William F. Buckley, Jr. - He supported the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet that led the 1973 coup that overthrew Chilean president Salvador Allende's democratically-elected Marxist government, referring to Allende as "a president who was defiling the Chilean constitution and waving proudly the banner of his friend and idol, Fidel Castro
In addition, Castro extended support to Marxist Revolutionary movements throughout Latin America, such as aiding the Sandinistas in overthrowing the Somoza government in Nicaragua in 1979.
Frei Betto - During the 1980s, he visited Havana and held frequent and lengthy interviews with Fidel Castro, the result of such talks being a book, "Fidel and Religion", where Castro exposed his views on Christianity, something that raised protest among conservatives but is said to have improved relations between Castro's government and the Cuban Catholic Church
Movement for National Unity - It was formed shortly before the 1984 general elections by a split from the United People's Movement due to the refusal of most party members to disown Fidel Castro's politics
When Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Cuba in 1989, the camaraderie between Havana and Moscow was strained by Gorbachev's implementation of economic and political reforms in the USSR. "We are witnessing sad things in other socialist countries, very sad things", lamented Castro in November 1989, in reference to the changes that were sweeping such communist allies as the Soviet Union, East Germany, Hungary, and Poland.
Paulo Evaristo Arns - In 1989 he angered many, primarily conservatives, because of his praise of the Cuban President Fidel Castro
Yoani Sanchez - In a prologue to this new edition of a book commemorating his visit to Bolivia in 1993, Fidel Castro took the opportunity to quote a long excerpt from Sánchez's blog and, although he did not mention her name, expressed his disappointment that there are young persons in Cuba today who think as she does
Jim Henderson (politician) - In 1997, he wrote favourably in the "Globe and Mail" of a meeting he had had with Fidel Castro several years earlier
Castro was known to be a friend of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and was an honorary pall bearer at Trudeau's funeral in October 2000.
Leslie Cagan - Cagan is a member of the New York Committee to Free the Cuban Five, an advocacy group seeking the release of five Cubans convicted in 2001 of spying on Cuban American exiles and U.S. military bases for Fidel Castro
During 2004, Castro shut down 118 factories, including steel plants, sugar mills and paper processors to compensate for the crisis due to fuel shortages, and in 2005 directed thousands of Cuban doctors to Venezuela in exchange for oil imports.
Raul Castro - On 31 July 2006, Fidel Castro's personal secretary Carlos Valenciaga announced on state-run television that Fidel Castro would provisionally hand over the duties of President of the Council of State of Cuba, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces to Raúl Castro while Fidel underwent and recovered from intestinal surgery to repair gastrointestinal bleeding
Raul Castro - On 31 July 2006, Raúl Castro was designated as the President of the Council of State in a temporary transfer of power due to Fidel Castro's illness
Perez Hilton - On August 17, 2007, citing exclusive sources, Hilton announced the death of Cuban President Fidel Castro, and claimed that he was the first media outlet in the world to break the news
Raul Castro - Raúl Castro was officially elected as President by the National Assembly on 24 February 2008, after Fidel Castro, who was still ailing, announced his intention not to stand for President again on 19 February 2008
Orlando Bosch - In his 2010 memoirs, Bosch denied having authored the bombing, stating that Fidel Castro had "accused me, without evidence, of being the intellectual author of the sabotage of Flight 455 and many other acts with which I had nothing to do
In January 2015, he publicly commented on the "Cuban Thaw", an increased normalization between Cuba-U.S. relations, by stating that while a positive move for establishing peace in the region, he mistrusted the U.S. government
In April 2016, he gave his most extensive public appearance in many years when addressing the Communist Party