Fidel Castro

Knowledge Identifier: +Fidel_Castro


Fidel Castro

Cuban revolutionary and politician, Prime Minister 1959-1976 and President 1976-2008add

Category: Politics

Born in 1926.

Countries: Cuba (33%), United States (27%), (5%)

Main connections: Cuba, Cuban Revolution, Che Guevara

Linked to: Communist Party of Cuba, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, Popular Socialist Party, Associated Press




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Fidel Castro was born in 1926 add something


Popular Socialist Party (Cuba) - The party supported Gerardo Machado and Fulgencio Batista, joining his first government in 1940 with one minister without portfolio, and was initially critical of Fidel Castro


In 1945 he transferred to the more prestigious Jesuit-run El Colegio de Belen in Havana , although to get in he had to pretend to be a year older than he was; his father bribed an administrator to supply him with a fake birth certificate stating that he was born in 1926 rather than 1927. add something


In late 1945, Castro began studying law at the University of Havana . add something


Castro himself had become highly critical of the corruption and violence of Grau's regime, delivering a public speech on the subject in November 1946 that earned him a place on the front page of several newspapers. add something


In 1947, Castro joined a newly founded socialist party, the Party of the Cuban People, which had been formed by veteran politician Eduardo Chibas (1907–1951). add something


In June 1947, Castro learned of a planned international expedition to invade the Dominican Republic and overthrow its right-wing president, Rafael Trujillo, a military general widely seen as a dictator who had overseen a system of "repressive brutality" through the use of a violent secret police which routinely murdered and tortured opponents. add something


By his first wife Mirta Díaz-Balart, whom he married on October 11, 1948, Castro has a son named Fidel Ángel "Fidelito" Castro Díaz-Balart, born on September 1, 1949. add something


After a quick visit to Venezuela and Panama, in April 1948 Castro traveled to the city of Bogotáa in Colombia with a number of other Cuban students on a trip sponsored by the government of Argentine President Juan Peron, whose anti-imperialist politics impressed Castro. add something


In September 1949, Mirta gave birth to a son, Fidelito, and so the couple moved to a larger flat in Havana . add something


Returning to Havana several weeks later, Castro layed low and focused on his university studies, graduating from university as a Doctor of Law in September 1950. add something


Bolivian Socialist Falange - In the 1950s, the Falange adopted a strong anti-communist stance, with its leaders being particularly critical of Cuba's Fidel Castro following his emergence


Charles Shaw (journalist) - In the late 1950s, Shaw was drawn to the story of the burgeoning Cuban revolution, and he travelled to Cuba to secretly meet with Fidel Castro and his brother Raúl Castro in the mountains of southern Cuba


Raul Castro - Raúl Castro was a rebel commander during the 1950s; after his older brother, Fidel Castro, took power, Raúl Castro was one of the most important figures in the new regime, serving as Minister of the Armed Forces from 1959 to 2008


In 1951, while running for president again, Chibas shot himself in the stomach during a radio broadcast in an attempt to issue a "last wake-up call" to the Cuban people. add something


Seeing himself as the heir to Chibas, Castro wanted to run for Congress in the June 1952 elections, but senior party members feared his radical reputation and refused to nominate him. add something


In March 1953, the MNR had planned to attack and seize control of the barracks at Camp Colombia, but police had been alerted to the plot, with the conspirators being rounded up and tortured. add something


Fidel Castro under arrest in July 1953 after the Moncada attack. add something


Rohana Wijeweera - The trial sentenced him to life imprisonment after which he made an historic speech, stating "we may be killed but our voice will never die" echoing "History Will Absolve Me" by Fidel Castro, at the end of Moncada Barracks trial in 1953


In 1954, Batista's government finally went ahead with their earlier promises and held presidential elections, but no politicians had risked standing against Batista lest they face violent reprisals, and he won comfortably, with the election being widely recognised as fraudulent. add something


Although at first he had a fair amount of freedom within the prison, this came to an end after prison inmates embarrassed the guards by singing anti-Batista songs on a visit by the president in February 1954. add something


In 1955, a series of bomb attacks and violent demonstrations against Batista's administration led to a crackdown on dissent in Cuba, with Castro being placed under armed guard by his supporters to protect him from possible assasination attempts. add something


Rafael Diaz-Balart - In 1955, he gave a speech before the Cuban House of Representatives in opposition to the amnesty granted to his former brother-in-law, Fidel Castro, for his involvement in the 1953 attack on the Moncada Barracks


Che Guevara - In June 1955, Lopez *introduced him to Raúl Castro who subsequently introduced him to his older brother, Fidel Castro, the revolutionary leader who had formed the 26th of July Movement and was now plotting to overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista.


Rafael del Pino (pilot) - Del Pino joined Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement at the age of 17, in December 1955


Purchasing a decrepid old yacht, the Granma, it was on the 25 November 1956 that Castro set sail from Tuxpan, Veracruz in Veracruz with a group of 81 revolutionaries, armed with 90 rifles, 3 machine guns, around 40 pistols and 2 hand-held anti-tank guns. add something


The Granma landed in Cuba on 2 December 1956, crashing in a mangrove swamp at Playa Las Coloradas, close to Los Cayuelos. add something


Gabe Pressman - He was sent by the network to report on many historic events, including the 1956 sinking of the "Andrea Doria", Elvis Presley's Army stint which went through Brooklyn, one-on-one interviews with Marilyn Monroe, Harry S Truman and Fidel Castro, the 1964 arrival of the Beatles at Kennedy Airport, the murder of Malcolm X, chasing after newly inaugurated New York mayor John Vliet Lindsay in the streets during a 1966 transit strike, the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, where he reported on the clashes between demonstrators and police, and the aftermath of


Granma (newspaper) - Its name comes from the yacht "Granma" that carried Fidel Castro and 81 other rebels to Cuba's shores in 1956 launching the Cuban Revolution


In this way he hoped to gain a wider support base amongst those of other political persuasions, and in 1957 he met with leading members of the Partido Ortodoxo. add something


With rising levels of support and more and more volunteers joining the rebel army, which now numbered over 200, in July 1957 Castro eventually divided his men into three columns, keeping charge of one and giving control of the others to his brother and Che Guevara. add something


President Batista was coming under increasing pressure by 1958. add something


Revolution Square: Jose Martí Monument designed by Enrique Luis Varela, sculpted by Juan Jose Sicre, and finished in 1958. add something


With the increasing number of attacks that Castro's guerrillas were making against army outposts in and around the Sierra Maestra, Batista's government decided to withdraw from all such posts in the region, and by the spring of 1958 the rebels controlled all of the mountainous areas in Oriente province, thereby having control over a hospital, schools, a printing press, slaughterhouse, land-mine factory and a cigar-making factory. add something


Wishing to avoid a war crimes tribunal, Batista subsequently resigned on 31 December 1958, informing the armed forces that they were now under the control of Cantillo. add something


Rafael Diaz-Balart - Díaz-Balart was elected senator in 1958, but was unable to take office due to Fidel Castro's rise to power on January 1, 1959


Frank Sturgis - He served in several branches of the United States military, aided Fidel Castro in the Cuban revolution of 1958, and worked as an undercover operative


Erik Durschmied - In 1958, he shot the only film about Fidel Castro, on-site with the rebel in the Sierra Maestra mountains


Rafael del Pino (pilot) - In early 1958, he returned to Cuba and joined Fidel Castro's guerrillas in the mountains of Sierra Maestra


Manuel Pineiro - In March 1958, he was recognized for his merits and was personally chosen by Fidel Castro to be the officer tasked with integrating the recently-created Eastern Front II "Frank País", under the command of Fidel's younger brother, Raúl


Errol Flynn - As a curious postscript to his life of adventure, Flynn went to Cuba in late 1958 to meet with the rebel leader Fidel Castro.


Castro with fellow revolutionary Camilo Cienfuegos entering Havana on January 8, 1959. add something


One of these attempts was by his ex-lover Marita Lorenz whom he met in 1959. add something


Meanwhile, whilst there was widespread celebrations as news of Batista's downfall spread across Cuba on 1 January 1959, Castro gave an order to MR-26-7 members to take on the responsibility of policing the country, in order to prevent the widespread looting and vandalism that he had witnessed in the Bogotáazo. add something


Orlando Bosch - Cuban Revolution - After meeting Castro at the University of Havana, Bosch went on to play a part in underground cells that later carried out the Cuban Revolution of 1959


Philip Bonsal - Cuban revolution - In 1959 Bonsal became the first United States Ambassador to return to Cuba after the Cuban revolution and reportedly attempted to find a working arrangement with the leader of the new Cuban government, Fidel Castro


Alberto Granado - After the victory of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, Granado was invited to Havana by Guevara, who for all intents and purposes had risen to become second-in-command under Fidel Castro


Che Guevara - Fidel Castro took 6 more days to arrive, as he stopped to rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously into Havana on January 8, 1959.


William Lava - He spoke in favor of direct military action against the Castro regime, continuing to protest in this manner from 1959 until his death


Ernest Hemingway - In 1959 he bought a home overlooking the Big Wood River, outside of Ketchum, and left Cuba—although he apparently remained on easy terms with the Castro government, telling the New York Times he was "delighted" with Castro's overthrow of Batista.


Frank Sturgis - In 1959, Sturgis became involved with Marita Lorenz, who was having an affair with Fidel Castro


Aurelio Baldor - In 1959, with the arrival of Fidel Castro's communist regime, Aurelio Baldor and his family began experiencing some problems


Prensa Latina - In a speech by Fidel Castro in Santiago de Cuba in 1959, Castro denounced the United States media and instead favoured a Latin American service "written in our own language"


Ned Touchstone - Ned Touchstone was in Cuba on New Years Day 1959, when the communist Fidel Castro overthrew the government there with his rebel army


Ofelia Fox - Revolutionary forces, under the command of Fidel Castro, took over the club in 1959, prompting Martin and Ofelia to move to Miami


Anastas Mikoyan - The Soviet government welcomed the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista by Fidel Castro's pro-socialist rebels in 1959


Alberto Granado - The two men did not meet again for eight years, by which time Guevara was a hero of Fidel Castro's 1959 Cuban Revolution and head of Cuba's central bank


Horacio Gutierrez - When Fidel Castro gained control of Cuba in 1959, the family decided to leave the country together rather than send Gutiérrez abroad alone at a young age


History of Cubana de Aviacion - When Cuba's populist revolutionary movement, led by Fidel Castro, overthrew Fulgencio Batista's regime in January 1959, Cubana was seen by the new government as an important resource


Alicia Alonso - When Fidel Castro took power from the Batista dictatorship on 1 January 1959, Castro vowed to increase funding to the nation's languishing cultural programs


Ernest Hemingway - He was in Cuba in November 1959, between returning from Pamplona and traveling west to Idaho, and the following year for his birthday; however, that year he and Mary decided to leave after hearing the news that Castro wanted to nationalize property owned by Americans and other foreign nationals.


By the early autumn of 1960, the U.S. government was engaged in a semi-secret campaign to remove Castro from power. add something


By the end of 1960, all opposition newspapers had been closed down and all radio and television stations were in state control, run under the Leninist principle of Democratic Centralism. add something


Prime Minister Castro at the United Nations General Assembly in 1960. add something


In February 1960, Cuba signed an agreement to buy oil from the USSR. When the U.S.-owned refineries in Cuba refused to process the oil, they were expropriated, and the United States broke off diplomatic relations with the Castro government soon afterward. add something


In June 1960, Eisenhower reduced Cuba's sugar import quota by 7,000,000 tons, and in response, Cuba nationalized some US$850 million worth of U.S. property and businesses. add something


In September 1960, Castro created Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, which implemented neighborhood spying in an effort to weed out "counter-revolutionary" activities. add something


Heberto Padilla - Although Padilla initially supported the revolution led by Fidel Castro, by the late 1960s he began to criticize it openly


Carlos Alvarez (American football) - Alvarez's father Licinio had been a successful lawyer in Cuba, but his parents fled to the United States to escape Fidel Castro's communist revolution in 1960, when Alvarez was a 10-year-old boy


Georges Schoeters - An admirer of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, Schoeters made repeated visits to Cuba through the Institute of Agrarian Reform in the early 1960s


Enrico Arrigoni - During the 1960s he helped Cuban anarchists who were suffering the repression of the recently established Fidel Castro ´s Marxist-Leninist regime


Sugar Ramos - He won the Cuban Featherweight championship belt in 1960 and fled to Mexico City when Fidel Castro came into power


International Rescue Committee - In 1960, an IRC resettlement program began for Cuban refugees fleeing the Castro dictatorship and for Haitian refugees escaping the Duvalier regime


Rogelio Alvarez - In 1960, Álvarez continued playing with the Havana until their move to Jersey City under the name the "Jerseys" after Fidel Castro rose to power in Cuba


Freeport-McMoRan - The Castro government nationalized the Cuban facility in 1960


Bacardi - The Bacardí family maintained a fierce opposition to Fidel Castro's revolution in Cuba in the 1960s


Allen Welsh Dulles - On March 4, 1960, "La Coubre", a ship flying a Belgian flag, exploded in Havana Bay. It was loaded with arms and ammunition destined for the armed forces of the Cuban government of Fidel Castro


Ramon Mercader - After almost 20 years in prison, he was eventually released from Mexico City 's Palacio de Lecumberri prison on 6 May 1960 and moved to Havana , Cuba, where Fidel Castro's new revolutionary government welcomed him


Malcolm X - In September 1960, Fidel Castro arrived in New York to attend the meeting of the United Nations General Assembly.


Che Guevara and Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 1961. add something


In the 1961 New Year's Day parade, Castro exhibited Soviet tanks and other weapons. add something


The plan was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States. add something


Olga Guillot - But Guillot opposed Fidel Castro's regime, and in 1961 she decided to leave Cuba for good and establish herself in Venezuela


University of Miami - From 1961 to 1968, UM leased buildings on its South Campus to serve as the covert headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency's JMWAVE operation against Fidel Castro's government in Cuba


Amiri Baraka - In 1961 Baraka co-authored a "Declaration of Conscience" in support of Fidel Castro's regime


Cristina Garcia - In 1961, when she was two years old, her family was among the first wave of people to flee Cuba after Fidel Castro came to power


Leonard Cohen - In "Field Commander Cohen" he imagines himself as a soldier of sorts, socializing with Fidel Castro in Cuba where he had actually visited at the height of US-Cuba tensions in 1961, allegedly sporting a Che Guevara-style beard and military fatigues


Eduardo Machado - With his brother Jesus he emigrated to the United States without his parents at the age of eight in 1961 as part of Operation Pedro Pan, which brought Cuban children to the United States in the early part of Fidel Castro's rule in Cuba


Communist Party of Cuba - In July 1961, two years after the 1959 Revolution, the "Integrated Revolutionary Organizations " was formed by the merger of Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement, the "Popular Socialist Party" led by Blas Roca and the "Revolutionary Directory March 13" led by Faure Chomón


This embargo was broadened during 1962 and 1963, including a general travel ban for American tourists. add something


Abu Abraham - In 1962 in Cuba he drew Che Guevara and spent three hours in a nightclub with Fidel Castro


Rafael del Pino (pilot) - In October 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis, General Rafael del Pino was assigned to assist President Fidel Castro in all matters regarding the Air Force


Many observers refer to Castro as a dictator and his rule was the longest to-date in modern Latin American history. add something


Eldon Rudd - When assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot and killed President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963, Rudd was ordered by Hoover to collect from the Mexican government their law enforcement and intelligence files on Lee Harvey Oswald, including files relating to Oswald's connections to the pro- Fidel Castro Fair Play for Cuba Committee, Oswald's several trips to and from Cuba, and his arrest in Mexico City


Jorge Valls - He was born in Cuba and was arrested as a political activist by Fidel Castro in 1964


Oscar Espinosa Chepe - He served on Prime Minister Fidel Castro's Economic Advisory Group from 1965 to 1968 before spending fourteen years as the economic adviser at the Cuban embassy in Belgrade , overseeing Cuba's economic and technological cooperation with Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia


Carlos Fuentes - Initially a supporter of Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution, Fuentes turned against Castro after being branded a "traitor" to Cuba in 1965 for attending a New York conference and the 1971 imprisonment of poet Heberto Padilla by the Cuban government


Juventud Rebelde - On October 21, 1965 Fidel Castro described the newspaper as "


In 1966, Guevara left for Bolivia in an ill-fated attempt to stir up revolution against the country's government. add something


African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde - In 1966, Amílcar Cabral attended the "Conferencia Tricontinental Enero" in Havana and made a great impression on Fidel Castro


Pierre Goldman - In 1966, he refused to do his compulsory military service, and travelled instead to Cuba, where he heard Fidel Castro speak at the Tricontinental Conference in January 1966


Josephine Baker - In January 1966, she was invited by Fidel Castro to perform at the Teatro Musical de La Habana in Havana, Cuba


Pablo Neruda - However, this visit prompted an unpleasant backlash; because the Peruvian government had come out against the government of Fidel Castro in Cuba, July 1966 saw more than one hundred Cuban intellectuals retaliate against the poet by signing a letter that charged Neruda with colluding with the enemy, calling him an example of the "tepid, pro-Yankee revisionism" prevalent in Latin America


Dilma Rousseff - According to Apolo Heringer, who was the leader of Colina in 1968 and taught Marxism to Rousseff in high school, she chose the armed struggle after reading Revolution inside the Revolution by Regis Debray, a French intellectual who had moved to Cuba and became a friend of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara.


The "Comandante's reserves" were created in 1970, from which Castro allegedly "provided gifts to many of his cronies, both home and abroad". add something


George Breitman - In the late 1970s Breitman opposed what he saw as a growing fixation of the SWP's top leadership on the Castroist leadership of the Cuban Communist Party


Jacques Cossette-Trudel - The safe release of their hostage, Cross, was negotiated and on December 3, 1970, after Cossette-Trudel, his wife, and the other known members of his cell were granted safe passage to Cuba, with approval from Fidel Castro, Cross was released


In 1971, despite an Organization of American States convention that no nation in the Western Hemisphere would have a relationship with Cuba (the only exception being Mexico, which had refused to adopt that convention), Castro took a month-long visit to Chile, following the re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba. add something


Castro with the Polish Marxist-Leninist leader Wojciech Jaruzelski in 1972. add something


Fidel Castro and members of the East German Politburo in 1972. add something


William F. Buckley, Jr. - He supported the military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet that led the 1973 coup that overthrew Chilean president Salvador Allende's democratically-elected Marxist government, referring to Allende as "a president who was defiling the Chilean constitution and waving proudly the banner of his friend and idol, Fidel Castro


Pierre Trudeau - A mobster said that in 1974 he was hired by New York State mafia members to kill Trudeau, hoping to lure Castro to a funeral, where they would kill him


Alicia Alonso - Vietnam War - When the Vietnam War ended and Richard Nixon left the presidency, Fidel Castro permitted Alonso to perform again in the United States in 1975 and 1976


Paul Soglin - In 1975, Soglin became the first U.S. mayor and only the fourth politician from the United States to meet Fidel Castro


He is the first Canadian government leader to visit the island since Pierre Trudeau was in Havana in 1976. add something


Dilma Rousseff - Around 1976, she married Carlos Franklin Paixão de Araúj, formero head of a dissident group of the Brazilian Communist Party, who had traveled through Latin America, having met Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, and had been imprisoned for several months in 1964.


Frank Sturgis - In 1976, Sturgis gave a series of interviews where he claimed that the assassination of John F. Kennedy had been organized by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara


Cuban troops were sent to Marxist Ethiopia to assist Ethiopian forces in the Ogaden War with Somalia in 1977. add something


Frank Sturgis - In November 1977, Marita Lorenz gave an interview to the "New York Daily News" in which she claimed that a group called Operation 40, that included Sturgis and Lee Harvey Oswald, were involved in a conspiracy to kill both John F. Kennedy and Fidel Castro


In addition, Castro extended support to Marxist Revolutionary movements throughout Latin America, such as aiding the Sandinistas in overthrowing the Somoza government in Nicaragua in 1979. add something


Frei Betto - During the 1980s, he visited Havana and held frequent and lengthy interviews with Fidel Castro, the result of such talks being a book, "Fidel and Religion", where Castro exposed his views on Christianity, something that raised protest among conservatives but is said to have improved relations between Castro's government and the Cuban Catholic Church


George H. W. Bush - In the 1980s, Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega, a once US-supportive leader who was later accused of spying for Fidel Castro and using Panama to traffic drugs into the US, was one of the most recognizable names in the United States, being constantly covered by the press


Tony Montana - In May 1980, Fidel Castro opens Mariel Harbor in Mariel, Cuba, allowing departing Cubans, former convicts, and criminals to emigrate to Miami, Florida, on boats


Gabriel Garcia Marquez - In an interview with Claudia Dreifus in 1982 García Marquez notes his relationship with Castro is mostly based on literature: “Ours is an intellectual friendship.


Movement for National Unity - It was formed shortly before the 1984 general elections by a split from the United People's Movement due to the refusal of most party members to disown Fidel Castro's politics


Jesse Jackson - In June 1984, Jackson negotiated the release of twenty-two Americans being held in Cuba after an invitation by Cuban president Fidel Castro


Juan Antonio Rodríguez Mernier, a former Cuban Intelligence Major who defected in 1987, says the regime made large amounts of money from drug trafficking operations in the 1970s. add something


Rafael del Pino (pilot) - In 1987, Del Pino's antagonism with Fidel Castro regime reached the maximum level and he decided to break with the regime on May 28 of that year, flying in a twin engine Cessna 402 to Key West, Florida, with all of his family


When Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Cuba in 1989, the camaraderie between Havana and Moscow was strained by Gorbachev's implementation of economic and political reforms in the USSR. "We are witnessing sad things in other socialist countries, very sad things", lamented Castro in November 1989, in reference to the changes that were sweeping such communist allies as the Soviet Union, East Germany, Hungary, and Poland. add something


Paulo Evaristo Arns - In 1989 he angered many, primarily conservatives, because of his praise of the Cuban President Fidel Castro


Castro retained control after Cuba became bankrupt and isolated following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. add something


In 1992, Castro agreed to loosen restrictions on religion and even permitted church-going Catholics to join the Cuban Communist Party. add something


Alina left Cuba in 1993, disguised as a Spanish tourist, and sought asylum in the United States. add something


Cuban coin minted in 1993 to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of Castro's attack on the Moncada Barracks. add something


Yoani Sanchez - In a prologue to this new edition of a book commemorating his visit to Bolivia in 1993, Fidel Castro took the opportunity to quote a long excerpt from Sánchez's blog and, although he did not mention her name, expressed his disappointment that there are young persons in Cuba today who think as she does


In 1994, the island's economy plunged into what was called the "Special Period"; teetering on the brink of collapse. add something


Assata Shakur - In 1997, Carl Williams, the superintendent of the New Jersey State Police, wrote a letter to Pope John Paul II asking him to raise the issue of Shakur's extradition during his talks with President Fidel Castro


Jim Henderson (politician) - In 1997, he wrote favourably in the "Globe and Mail" of a meeting he had had with Fidel Castro several years earlier


Pope John Paul II visited Cuba in 1998, the first visit by a reigning pontiff to the island. add something


At a summit meeting of sixteen Caribbean countries in 1998, Castro called for regional unity, saying that only strengthened cooperation between Caribbean countries would prevent their domination by rich nations in a global economy. add something


In 1998, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien arrived in Cuba to meet President Castro and highlight their close ties. add something


In 1998, Fidel Castro apologized for remarks he made about Mickey Mouse which led Mexico to recall its ambassador from Havana . add something


In December 1998, Castro formally re-instated Christmas Day as the official celebration for the first time since its abolition by the Communist Party in 1969. add something


Castro was known to be a friend of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and was an honorary pall bearer at Trudeau's funeral in October 2000. add something


Vladimir Putin - Putin with Fidel Castro in 2000, re-establishing close ties between Russia and Cuba.


After massive damage caused by Hurricane Michelle in 2001, Castro proposed a one-time cash purchase of food from the U.S. while declining a U.S. offer of humanitarian aid. add something


An earlier version was published in a slightly edited form as The Defiant One, in The Guardian, Friday Review, June 8, 2001. add something


In June 2001, he apparently fainted during a seven-hour speech under the Caribbean sun. add something


In December 2001, European Union representatives described their political dialogue with Cuba as back on track after a weekend of talks in Havana . add something


Hallgeir H. Langeland - Nobel Peace Prize - In 2001, Hallgeir Langeland nominated Fidel Castro for the Nobel Peace Prize for sending medical and engineering aid to developing countries


Leslie Cagan - Cagan is a member of the New York Committee to Free the Cuban Five, an advocacy group seeking the release of five Cubans convicted in 2001 of spying on Cuban American exiles and U.S. military bases for Fidel Castro


Jimmy Carter - Carter visited Cuba in May 2002 and had full discussions with Fidel Castro and the Cuban government.


Castro attended a Roman Catholic convent blessing in 2003. add something


Oliver Stone - In 2003, Stone made two documentary films: Persona Non Grata, about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and Comandante, about Cuban President Fidel Castro.


During 2004, Castro shut down 118 factories, including steel plants, sugar mills and paper processors to compensate for the crisis due to fuel shortages, and in 2005 directed thousands of Cuban doctors to Venezuela in exchange for oil imports. add something


In January 2004, Luis Eduardo Garzon, the mayor of Bogotáa, said that Castro "seemed very sick to me" following a meeting with him during a vacation in Cuba. add something


In May 2004, Castro's physician denied that his health was failing, and speculated that he would live to be 140 years old. add something


Oliver Stone - In 2004, he made a second documentary on Castro, titled Looking for Fidel.


Cuba and Panama restored diplomatic ties in 2005 after breaking them off a year prior when Panama's former president pardoned four Cuban exiles accused of attempting to assassinate Cuban President Fidel Castro in 2000. add something


In 2005, American business and financial magazine Forbes listed Castro among the world's richest people, with an estimated net worth of US$550 million. add something


In 2005, EU Development Commissioner Louis Michel ended his visit to Cuba optimistic that relations with the communist state will become stronger. add something


In 2005, the CIA said it thought Castro had Parkinson's disease. add something


After Pope John Paul II's death in April 2005, an emotional Castro attended a mass in his honor in Havana's cathedral and signed the Pope's condolence book at the Vatican Embassy. add something


Nadine Gordimer - For instance, in 2005, when Fidel Castro fell ill, Gordimer joined six other Nobel prizewinners in a public letter to the United States warning it not to seek to destabilize Cuba's communist government


Armando Hart - In January 2005, Armando Hart wrote an article on Joseph Stalin, in which he denounced the ideas of Stalinism and its practice, while defending the ideas of Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Fidel Castro, and Leon Trotsky


Castro had already given up the post of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba on July 31, 2006. add something


On July 31, 2006, Castro delegated his duties as President of the Council of state, President of the Council of Ministers, First Secretary of the Cuban Communist Party and the post of commander in chief of the armed forces to his brother Raúl Castro. add something


Hilda Molina - In July 2006, a week before Fidel Castro's illness led to the Cuban transfer of presidential duties to brother Raúl Castro, the Cuban President was questioned by international leaders and journalists on the issue whilst attending a conference in Argentina


Raul Castro - On 31 July 2006, Fidel Castro's personal secretary Carlos Valenciaga announced on state-run television that Fidel Castro would provisionally hand over the duties of President of the Council of State of Cuba, President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces to Raúl Castro while Fidel underwent and recovered from intestinal surgery to repair gastrointestinal bleeding


Raul Castro - On 31 July 2006, Raúl Castro was designated as the President of the Council of State in a temporary transfer of power due to Fidel Castro's illness


According to the Family Jewels documents declassified by the CIA in 2007, one such assassination attempt before the Bay of Pigs invasion involved Johnny Roselli and Al Capone's successor in the Chicago Outfit, Salvatore Giancana and his right-hand man Santos Trafficante. add something


Perez Hilton - On August 17, 2007, citing exclusive sources, Hilton announced the death of Cuban President Fidel Castro, and claimed that he was the first media outlet in the world to break the news


Raul Castro - Raúl Castro was officially elected as President by the National Assembly on 24 February 2008, after Fidel Castro, who was still ailing, announced his intention not to stand for President again on 19 February 2008


At the same time pictures were released of Castro's meeting with the Argentine president Cristina Fernandez on January 21, 2009. add something


In his 2009 spoken autobiography, Castro said that that Christianity exhibited "a group of very humane precepts" which gave the world "ethical values" and a "sense of social justice", before relating that "If people call me Christian, not from the standpoint of religion but from the standpoint of social vision, I declare that I am a Christian. add something


In January 2009 Castro asked Cubans not to worry about his lack of recent news columns, his failing health, and not to be disturbed by his future death. add something


Errol Flynn - Newspaper articles written for the New York Journal American by Flynn documenting his time in Cuba with Fidel Castro and his rebels went unpublished, and were to remain missing until 2009, when they were discovered in the University of Texas at Austin's Center for American History


In July 2010, he made his first public appearance greeting workers at a science centre and gave his most prominent television interview since falling ill, on the Cuban program Mesa Redonda speaking for an extended period about tensions between the United States, Iran and North Korea. add something


However, in August 2010, Castro called the sending of openly gay men to labor camps without charge or trial "moments of great injustice, great injustice/" saying that "if someone is responsible, it's me. add something


Orlando Bosch - In his 2010 memoirs, Bosch denied having authored the bombing, stating that Fidel Castro had "accused me, without evidence, of being the intellectual author of the sabotage of Flight 455 and many other acts with which I had nothing to do


On April 19, 2011, Castro resigned from the Communist Party central committee, thus stepping down as party leader add something


Communist Party of Cuba - As of April 2011, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba is Raúl Castro, the President of Cuba, younger brother of the previous First Secretary and President of Cuba, Fidel Castro, "el killer", and the Second Secretary is José Ramón Machado Ventura


During the North Korea crisis of 2013, he urged both the North Korean and U.S. governments to show restraint add something


Confucius Peace Prize - In December 2014, Castro was awarded the Chinese Confucius Peace Prize for seeking peaceful solutions to his nation's conflict with the U.S. and for his post-retirement efforts to prevent nuclear war add something


In January 2015, he publicly commented on the "Cuban Thaw", an increased normalization between Cuba-U.S. relations, by stating that while a positive move for establishing peace in the region, he mistrusted the U.S. government add something


In April 2016, he gave his most extensive public appearance in many years when addressing the Communist Party add something


In September 2016, Castro was visited at his Havana home by the Iranian President Hassan Rohani, and later that month was visited by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe add something


In late October 2016, Castro met with the Portuguese president Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa who became one of the last foreign leaders to meet him add something


Cuban state television announced that Castro had died on the night of November 25, 2016 add something


It was announced that Castro will be cremated on November 26, 2016 add something


He died of suicide in February 2018, over a year after his father's death add something