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Ford Torino

Knowledge Identifier: $Ford_Torino

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Ford Torino

intermediate automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market between 1968 and 1976 add

Category: Business (14)

Launched in 1950.

Countries: United States (66%), Centre (10%), (10%)

Main connections: NASCAR, Chevrolet Chevelle, Motor Trend

Linked to: NASCAR, Chrysler, Spelling-Goldberg Productions, Ford Motor Company

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Ford Torino.


1950

Just as tailfins were influenced by jet aircraft of the 1950s, stylists such as Ford stylist Bill Shenk who designed the 1970 Ford Torino were inspired by supersonic aircraft with narrow waists and bulging forward and rear fuselages needed to reach supersonic speeds add something


1960

Sales decreases were likely due to the increased demand for smaller economical cars, while Ford's new "sensibly" sized Granada likely stole sales from Torino. The Ford Granada was classed as a compact by Ford, but actually had dimensions close to that of a late 1960s Ford Torino. add something

 

Rostyle wheel - In the USA, the wheel style was manufactured in Lansing, Michigan, by the Motor Wheel Corporation and found fame in the 1960s and 70s on Muscle cars like the Pontiac GTO, Ford Torino, Shelby Mustang, Plymouth Barracuda and AMC Javelin


1962

The Torino was initially an upscale version of the intermediate sized Ford Fairlane, which Ford produced between 1962 and 1970 add something


1964

This was the first time Ford had ever outsold the Chevrolet Chevelle since its 1964 introduction add something


1967

The Fairlane/Torino continued to be constructed with unit-construction like the 1967 models add something

 

The new car continued to use the same suspension as 1967 models, which was coil springs pivot mounted on an upper control arm and a strut stabilized lower control arms in front, with long semi-elliptical leaf springs on a solid axle in rear add something

 

Conforming to U.S. safety standards, there was much padding inside the Torino's interior, which featured shoulder belts for front outboard passengers on all cars built after December 31, 1967 add something


1968

A -4V FE engine was initially listed as an engine option for 1968, but was later removed and no Fairlanes or Torinos were actually produced with this engine during 1968 add something

 

After 1968, the "Fairlane" name was retained for the base models with lower levels of trim than those models which wore the "Torino" name add something

 

Although there were faster cars for 1968, the Torino GT when equipped properly offered an excellent combination of power and handling add something

 

Ford had 14 different models for its intermediate line for 1968 add something

 

In 1968 Ford Motor Company introduced its intermediate line with a new body and new styling add something

 

In "Car Life" magazine's test of a 1968 Torino GT SportsRoof equipped with a 390-4V, C-6, and 3,25:1 axle, they recorded a 0 - time of 7,7 seconds, and the quarter-mile dragstrip time of 15,8 seconds at add something

 

Including Fairlane production, 366,911 cars were produced, slightly down from the 1968 numbers add something

 

Starting in 1968, GM had begun to use a smaller wheelbase for its 2-door intermediates, and a larger one for the 4-doors add something

 

Styling was all new for the 1968 Fairlane/Torino, and it was drastically changed from the 1967 models add something

 

The 1968 Fairlane and Torino used the same wheelbases as its 1967 predecessor: on 2- and 4-door models, and for station wagon models add something

 

The Torino GT was relatively unchanged from 1968, and continued to come standard with a 302-2V engine add something

 

The Torino was well received by the automotive press and a 1968 Torino GT convertible was selected as the 1968 Indianapolis 500 pace car add something

 

The 'C' stripe was revised, and now ran in straight lines, rather than following the body line like in 1968 add something

 

The "'Ford Torino"' was an intermediate automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market between 1968 and 1976 add something

 

The fastback roofline of the 1968-69 Ford Torinos provided a wind-cheating design that dominated NASCAR superspeedway racing add something

 

The grille was revised slightly, and now had a more prominent centre dividing bar, while the taillights were more square in shape than the 1968 units add something

 

The hoods had a blacked-out center portion, and a side stripe similar to 1968-69 Torino GTs ran from the front fender to quarter panel add something

 

The interior on the Fairlane/Torino was all new for 1968 add something

 

The majority of the sheetmetal behind the front doors was carried over from the 1968-69 body style add something

 

"Motor Trend" magazine wrote "Putting the car through quick and/or tight corners isn't a matter of practiced art - it's more like second nature for the GT" in their test of a 1968 Torino GT. "Car and Driver" magazine tested a 1968 Ford Torino GT equipped with the 428 CJ with Ram Air induction, C-6 Cruise-O-Matic, and 3,91:1 gears and recorded a quarter mile time of 14,2 seconds at add something


1969

All 1969 Torino GT's came equipped a non-functional fibreglass hood scoop that had turn signal indicators at the rear of the scoop add something

 

Although the track was widened, the suspension remained unchanged from the 1969 models add something

 

Dodge and Plymouth responded with the even more radical 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona and the 1970 Plymouth Superbird which used pointed nose cones and "goalpost" tail wings add something

 

For the purpose of this article, "Cobra" will be used, as Ford marketed the car as such in 1969 without Fairlane or Torino attached add something

 

Ford Torino production decreased for 1969, and a total of 129,054 units were produced add something

 

Ford performed the typical minor styling adjustments, but overall the 1969 models were similar to the 1968 models add something

 

Optional engines included the -2V , the new for 1969 -2V Windsor, 351-4V Windsor, -4V, and the -4V Cobra Jet add something

 

Talladegas were equipped with a cloth and vinyl bench seat, and interestingly enough used the Fairlane 500 body code like the 1969 Cobra add something

 

The 1969 Fairlane/Torino saw few cosmetic changes, but there were quite a few performance oriented changes add something

 

The car itself did not have any Fairlane or Torino nameplates on its exterior or interior, although 1969 NASCAR entrants were labeled "Torino Cobras add something

 

The engine line-up received major changes, and only the 250 CID I-6, 302-2V and the 351W-2V were carried over from 1969 add something

 

The engine line-up was slightly revised for 1969 add something

 

The new car featured a more prominent long hood short deck styling, and was longer lower and wider than the 1969 models add something

 

The number of models produced by Ford increased for 1969, from 14 to 16 add something

 

"Road Test" magazine wrote the "big engine and whopping torque get the Cobra Jet off the line with smoking tires" in their test of a 1969 Cobra with the Ram Air 428 CJ, four-speed manual, and 3,50 gears add something

 

Ford Torino Talladega - Ironically, in 1969 a Dodge Charger Daytona won at Talladega, and a Ford Torino Talladega won at Daytona


1970

Although the high-performance 429 Cobra Jets were still rated at the same power as the 1970 models, "Super Stock and Drag Illustrated" had disappointing results from its test of a 1971 Torino Cobra add something

 

As a result, Torinos had the lowest resale value of any of the American intermediate cars in the 1970s used-car market add something

 

Both of these options were available on the Torino GT. Performance was excellent with the new 429 engine even though the Torino was heavier for 1970 add something

 

By 1970 "Torino" had become the primary name for Ford's intermediate, and the Fairlane was now a subseries of the Torino. In 1971 the "Fairlane" name was dropped altogether and all Ford intermediates were called "Torino" add something

 

For 1970, the Torino now became the primary model and the Fairlane was a sub-series of Torino. Ford moved away from emulating the boxy lines of the full-size Fords to a completely new body for the 1970 Torino/Fairlane line influenced by coke bottle styling add something

 

For comparison, in a "Motor Trend" test of a 1970 Torino 2-door equipped with a 351-4V, Cruise-O-Matic, and 3,00:1 gears, they recorded a 0 - time of 8,7 seconds, and a quarter mile time of 16,5 seconds at add something

 

Ford planned to introduce another limited edition Torino to once again dominate at NASCAR. The result was the 1970 Ford Torino King Cobra add something

 

Ford produced 230,411 Torinos for 1970, along with 110,029 Fairlanes and 67,053 Falcons, for a total production of 407,493 units add something

 

However, the high compression 1970 motor required premium fuel, while the low compression 1973 motor could run on regular add something

 

In a 1970 " Motor Trend" test of a Torino Cobra, Motor Trend described the competition suspension as "completely different: The car goes through tight turns in a confidence-inspiring controlled slide add something

 

Interiors on the Torino were all new for 1970 add something

 

Like the Talladega, the King Cobra was modified with aerodynamics specifically in mind and looked much different than a typical 1970 Torino. It had a sloped front end with dual headlamps located in sugar scoop shaped cut-outs on the front fenders, similar in appearance to the Datsun 240Z add something

 

Meanwhile for those racing teams using Fords in 1970, some kept their 1969 Torinos when the new curvaceous 1970 models proved to be slower on the NASCAR track due to its less aerodynamic design add something

 

Mid-year 1970, the Falcon wagon became the new base station wagon add something

 

Motor trend tested a 1970 Torino Cobra equipped with the Ram Air 429 CJ, C-6 automatic and 3,50:1 rear axle, and it went 0 - in 6,0 seconds while taking 14,5 seconds at to go through the quarter mile add something

 

Overall, 1970 was a successful year for Torino. It was a well received car by the automotive press and was selected as the Motor Trend Car of the Year for 1970 add something

 

Station wagon models for 1970 were offered initially in three different levels: the Fairlane 500 wagon, the Torino wagon, and the Torino Squire wagon add something

 

The 4-door hardtop was a new body style for the 1970 model year add something

 

The Cobra continued to use the same grille as used in 1970 add something

 

The engine line-up remained almost identical to the 1970 model year, with most models featuring the 250 CID I-6 as standard add something

 

The model line-up for 1970 initially featured 13 models add something

 

The new body for 1970 added inches and pounds to the Torino. All cars grew by about in length, and now rode on a wheelbase add something

 

"Motor Trend" magazine tested a 1970 Torino GT SportsRoof with a 429 CJ, C-6 Automatic, and 3,50:1 gears, and obtained a 0 - time of 6,0 seconds, while the quarter mile took 14,4 seconds at add something

 

"Motor Trend" tested a 1970 Cobra with a 429 SCJ, 4-speed and 3,91:1 gears, and resulted in a 5,8 second 0 - time, with a 13,99 second quarter mile at add something

 

Automotive trim nomenclature - The alphanumeric coding began to appear on Japanese and European vehicles beginning in the mid 1970s, while North American vehicles used names for vehicles, such as Mustang, Torino, Impala, Chevelle, Barracuda, and Imperial

 

The Ford Falcon compact model continued for the first half of the 1970 model year, but was discontinued as it could not meet new federal standards that came into effect on January 1, 1970 add something


1971

An optional 6-way power bench seat, replaced the 4-way seat offered in 1971 add something

 

Chrysler followed suit in 1971, although its intermediate coupes and sedans didn't even share body panels add something

 

For the 1971 model year, Ford limited changes to its intermediate line to minor revisions add something

 

Interestingly, base Torino sedans were only longer, and 2-doors were actually shorter than 1971 models add something

 

Only 1,613 Torino GT Convertibles and 3,054 Torino Cobras were produced for 1971 add something

 

Other manufactures were following suit, including Torino's main competitor Chevrolet's Chevelle, which featured lower compression on all of its 1971 engines, while SS models had the 350 CID 2-barrel as its standard engine add something

 

Production for 1971 was 326,463 units, slightly lower than 1970 Ford intermediate production add something

 

Ram Air induction remained an option on the 351-4V, 429 CJ, and the 429 SCJ was not available in 1971 add something

 

The A-pillars and roof were thinner, although the structural integrity remained the same as 1971 models add something

 

The biggest change for 1971 was the decision to drop the Fairlane name from the intermediate line-up all together; the Falcon name would not return for 1971 add something

 

The biggest change for the Torino was the switch to body-on-frame construction from the unit-construction of the 1971 models add something

 

The grilles on the 1971 Torinos now were divided by a vertical division in the centre of the grille for all models except the Cobra add something

 

The new suspension and chassis had a wheel track at least wider than the 1971 models add something

 

The number of models was reduced from 14 models in 1971 to 9 in 1972 add something

 

The styling was mostly unchanged for the 1971 models, save for minor revisions to trim and the grilles add something

 

"Cars" magazine had better luck with their test of a 1971 Torino Cobra equipped with the Ram Air 429 CJ, C-6 automatic, and 3:50:1 gears add something


1972

For 1972, the Torino was redesigned using many characteristics carried over from the previous generation add something

 

In addition, "Consumer Guide" selected the Torino as a "Best Buy" for 1972 add something

 

Other than the above changes, the Sport was unchanged from the 1972 model year, and continued to be offered as a 2-door hardtop and 2-door SportsRoof add something

 

Overall, the 1972 Torino was a great success with the public and a total of 496,645 units were produced, making it the best-selling intermediate for 1972 add something

 

Overall, the size and weight for Torino had increased for 1972, following the longer, lower, wider trend add something

 

Power for all engines was slightly lower than in 1972 add something

 

The 0-60 time was 0,9 seconds slower than the 1972 model "Car and Driver" tested a year before; however, this can partially be attributed to differences in gear ratio, transmission type, and a weight increase add something

 

The 1972 Ford Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof was featured in the movie "Gran Torino", directed by and starring Clint Eastwood add something

 

The 1972 Torino styling emphasized the "long hood short deck" look as well as coke bottle styling more than ever before add something

 

The 1972 Torino used a wheelbase for 2-doors and a wheelbase for 4-doors, station wagons, and its sister vehicle the Ranchero add something

 

The 1972 body style has received notable recent exposure with the release of the 2008 film "Gran Torino" and the 2009 film "Fast & Furious" add something

 

The 351 CJ continued to be the only high-performance engine and only saw a drop from 1972, although performance decreased again due to the weight increase add something

 

The Torino incorporated new safety features for 1972, including new flush mount door handles and side door guard rails add something

 

The new large square energy absorbing bumper replaced the almost body-fitting chrome bumper used on the front of the 1972 Torino. The new larger bumpers caused all Torino models to increase in length by at least 1", and weight increased by at least for all models add something

 

The seats were new for 1972, the standard front bench seat had an integrated headrest for both outboard seating positions featuring, while the available high back buckets featured integrated headrests add something

 

This was the first year that a rear sway bar was offered in the Torino. Front disc brakes now became standard on all Torinos, which no other American intermediate offered in 1972 add something

 

Torino wagons were much larger for 1972 add something

 

"Motor Trend" stated the "road isolation and vibrational dampening is superb" in its test of a 1972 Gran Torino Brougham 4-door add something

 

Rich Bickle - He built a 1972 Ford Torino with a 302 cubic inch motor that year, which he began using at mid-season

 

The new regulation mandated that all cars manufactured after September 1, 1972 must be able to take a strike to the front without damaging safety related components such as headlamps and the fuel system add something


1973

All models featured larger rear drum brakes for 1973 to help cope with the extra weight; 1972 models used drums add something

 

All other engines saw a slight increase in power levels compared to 1973 add something

 

Bench seats for 1973 now featured low backs with separate head rests to increase rear visibility add something

 

For 1973 only, rear bumpers had a requirement add something

 

In the "Car and Driver" magazine road test of a 1973 Gran Torino Sport, the suspension received high marks for comfort and handling add something

 

Police package Torinos had all the engine options of the civilian models while the "Interceptor" package featured a 460-4V new for 1973 add something

 

The 1973 Sport had a test weight of , while the 1972 had a test weight of add something

 

The 1973 Torino maintained the rear bumper of the 1972 Torino, and incorporated minor changes to meet the mandate add something

 

The Torino model line-up was the same as 1973, with two exceptions add something

 

The front bumper was revised to be slightly more pointed, and the bumper guards were moved more towards the centre of the bumper compared to 1973 models add something

 

The model line-up for 1973 increased to 11 from the 9 models in 1972 add something

 

The most obvious change for the 1973 model saw was a new front fascia, required to meet new federal regulations add something

 

The new grille was of similar shape to the 1973, but was slightly larger and divided into 8 equal sized vertical sections add something

 

The public continued to respond well to the Torino, even with the stiff competition from GM's new for 1973 "Colonnade" intermediates add something

 

The tide had turned against performance cars especially since the Oil Crisis in the fall of 1973 add something

 

Torino models carried on with the same front fascia as 1973; however, its front bumpers were revised similarly to the Gran Torinos and the license plate remained in the center add something


1974

Accordingly, 1974 was the last year for the 351 CJ and four-speed transmission add something

 

All 1974 Torinos featured the seat belt-interlock system, as mandated U.S. government add something

 

Power for all engines, except the 460, was significantly reduced compared to 1974, and with the weight increase, fuel economy and performance continued to decrease add something

 

Sales for Torino's dropped off significantly from the 1974 model year add something

 

The 1974 Sport had a shipping weight almost heavier than a 1972 Sport add something

 

The 1974 model year saw more revisions to the Torino line add something

 

The Gran Torino Sport was only a shadow of its former self for 1974 add something

 

The Gran Torino Sport was still available, and remained virtually unchanged from the 1974 model add something

 

The front fascia for Gran Torinos was revised for 1974 add something

 

The trim was revised on 1974 models; moldings now ran on the rocker panels instead of the lower doors add something

 

This short-lived safety system would be removed after the 1974 model year add something

 

Torino added several new options and features for 1974 add something

 

Torino had another successful year in 1974, and continued to be ever popular add something

 

Torino's weight continued to climb, even though the exterior dimensions were unchanged from 1974 add something


1975

All Torinos featured solid state ignition systems for 1975, which improved starting performance and fuel economy, while reducing maintenance costs add something

 

Even with the addition of the 123,372 Elites produced for 1975, total output was 318,482 which was still significantly lower than 1974 add something

 

For the 1975 model year, the Ford Torino received a number of minor improvements, but was for the most part unchanged add something

 

Ford produced only 195,110 Torino's for 1975 add something

 

Since Ford was the lease supplier for on-screen cars through their Studio-TV Car Loan Program, eventually it was decided by the producers that a bright red 1975 Gran Torino two-door would be the vehicle of choice for the pilot episode add something

 

The 1975 model year saw almost no changes to the exterior styling add something

 

The Federal Clean Air Act caused Ford to install catalytic converters for 1975 to help meet new emission standards add something


1976

Engine options remained the unchanged for 1976, however fuel economy was improved on all engines with revisions to the engine spark advance and the EGR valve operation add something

 

Ford built 1,000 replicas of the "Starsky and Hutch" car in the spring of 1976 add something

 

New options for the 1976 model year included a power trunk release and an automatic parking brake release add something

 

Production total for Torino in 1976 was 193,096 units, slightly lower than 1975 add something

 

There were no styling changes made to Torino for 1976 add something

 

Production of the replicas began in March 1976, and all were produced in Ford's Chicago manufacturing plant add something


1977

Ford LTD II - It was based on the Ford Torino, which it replaced, and used the same platform as the concurrent Ford Thunderbird, which was downsized and dramatically reduced in price for 1977 to occupy the market position of the 1974-76 Ford Elite, which was a Torino derivative designed to compete with the popular Chevrolet Monte Carlo


2004

That said, it appears that some base model Torinos were built with the 250 CID 6-cylinder engine; in fact one of the 6-cylinder Torinos became the main car for the 2004 movie Starsky & Hutch add something