Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Knowledge Identifier: &Foreign_and_Commonwealth_Office

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Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Department of the United Kingdom government add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1861.

Countries: United Kingdom (73%), (8%), Israel (4%)

Main connections: Department for International Development, Anthony Figgis, David Blatherwick (diplomat)

Linked to: Conservative Party, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Collinson Grant, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

 

Timeline


 

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1861

Construction on the building began in 1861 and finished in 1868, and it was designed by the architect George Gilbert Scott add something


1872

Ignatius Valentine Chirol - In April 1872, Chirol joined the Foreign Office where he worked for until spring 1876


1916

Hall Caine - In 1916 he was invited to work with Lord Robert Cecil at the Foreign Office towards the creation of the League of Nations after the end of the war

 

Harold Williams (linguist) - In 1916, Walpole and Williams, on the instruction of the Foreign Office, set up a British Propaganda Office in Petrograd


1919

William Strang, 1st Baron Strang - In 1919, he joined the Diplomatic Service and served at the British embassy in Belgrade from 1919 to 1922, at the Foreign Office from 1922 to 1930 and at the embassy in Moscow from 1930 to 1933

 

John Loder, 2nd Baron Wakehurst - Loder worked as a clerk in the Foreign Office from 1919 to 1922 and for two years at the League of Nations in Geneva


1923

Frederick Millar, 1st Baron Inchyra - Millar entered the Diplomatic Service in 1923, and served in various capacities at the British embassies in Berlin , Paris and Cairo and at the Foreign Office


1925

In 1925, the Foreign Office played host to the signing of the Locarno Treaties, aimed at reducing tension in Europe add something


1930

Boris Bazarov - In 1930, he supervised the penetration of the Foreign Office, by recruiting the code clerk Ernest Holloway Oldham


1933

William Strang, 1st Baron Strang - He returned to the Foreign Office in 1933, and held office as head of the League of Nations section until 1937 and of the Central Department from 1937 to 1939


1936

Henry Channon - In 1936, the rising Conservative minister R A Butler , Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office appointed Channon his Parliamentary Private Secretary


1937

John Loder, 2nd Baron Wakehurst - After serving in the army, the Foreign Office, and as a Conservative Member of Parliament in the House of Commons, Wakehurst was appointed as the last British Governor of New South Wales, which he held from 1937 to 1946


1940

Mircea Eliade - In October 1940, as the National Legionary State came into existence, the British Foreign Office blacklisted Mircea Eliade, alongside five other Romanians, due to his Iron Guard connections and suspicions that he was prepared to spy in favor of Nazi Germany


1941

David Blatherwick (diplomat) - Born on 13 July 1941, he was educated at Lincoln School and Wadham College, Oxford and joined the Foreign Office in 1964


1944

Richard Ashton Beaumont - In 1944 he returned to the Foreign Office


1945

Ronald Ian Campbell - He became Assistant Under-Secretary of State for the Foreign Office in 1945, and served as the United Kingdom's ambassador to Egypt from 1946 to 1950

 

Roger Makins, 1st Baron Sherfield - Makins later served as Minister at the British Embassy in Washington from 1945 to 1947, as Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign Office from 1947 to 1948 and as Deputy Under-Secretary of State from 1948 to 1952


1947

Willie Morris (diplomat) - He joined the Foreign Office in 1947 and retired in 1979

 

William Strang, 1st Baron Strang - Strang again returned to the Foreign Office in 1947 and served as Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the German section from 1947 to 1949 and as Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1949 to 1953


1950

Francis Evans (diplomat) - He subsequently spent five years as consul at Los Angeles, and after a period at the Foreign Office he returned to New York as consul general there, an appointment he held until 1950

 

Priscilla Buchan, Baroness Tweedsmuir - She was a delegate to the Council of Europe from 1950–1953, a UK Delegate to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 1960–1961; Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland from 1962–1964; Minister of State at the Scottish Office from 1970–1972 and at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1972–1974


1951

Francis Evans (diplomat) - In 1951 Evans became under-secretary of state at the Foreign Office, and the following year he was appointed British ambassador to Israel, having become minister there the previous year


1953

Douglas Dodds-Parker - He was a junior Foreign Office minister from November 1953 to 1954, as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in the Commonwealth Relations Office from 1954 to 1955, before resuming his junior ministerial position at the Foreign Office in December 1955


1956

Douglas Dodds-Parker - In particular, he was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs through the Suez Crisis in 1956

 

Charlie Chaplin - Knighthood was suggested again in 1956, but was vetoed after a Foreign Office report raised concerns over Chaplin's purported "communist" views and his moral behaviour in marrying two 16-year-old girls; it was felt that honouring him would damage both the reputation of the British honours system and relations with the United States.


1958

Julian Ridsdale - From 1958-60 he was PPS to the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs


1960

In the 1960s, demolition was proposed, as part of major redevelopment plan for the area drawn up by architect Sir Leslie Martin add something


1962

John Weston (diplomat) - Weston joined the Diplomatic Service in 1962, and was posted to Hong Kong ; and subsequently to Beijing,to Brussels EC and to Washington DC. Whilst working for the Foreign Office in London, he covered matters relating to the European Community, Eastern Europe and intelligence, and served as a Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary, both James Callaghan and Antony Crosland


1963

Fleur Adcock - In 1963, Adcock returned to England and took up a post as an assistant librarian at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London until 1979


1964

David Blatherwick (diplomat) - After joining the Foreign Office in 1964 he served in a number of diplomatic posts in Kuwait, Ireland, Egypt and at the United Nations in New York

 

Marrack Goulding - He returned to the United Kingdom in 1964, where he worked in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

 

Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont - He was a Minister in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1964 to 1970 and appointed to the Privy Council in the former year

 

Hugh Hickling - Hickling later served with the Commonwealth Office in 1964, and as legal adviser to the High Commissioner in Aden and the Federation of South Arabia between 1964 and 1967


1966

David Blatherwick (diplomat) - Between 1966 and 1968 he became a Third later a Second Secretary at the Foreign Office before being appointed to the diplomatic service in 1968

 

Christopher Meyer - He began his career in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1966 in the West and Central African Department as desk officer for French-speaking African countries

 

Alec Douglas-Home - The Wilson administration had merged the Colonial Office and the Commonwealth Relations Office in 1966 into the Commonwealth Office, which, two years later, was merged with the Foreign Office, to form the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


1967

Richard Lewington (diplomat) - Lewington entered the Foreign Office in 1967, before that department was merged into the Foreign and Commonwealth Office the next year


1968

It was created in 1968 by merging the Foreign Office and the Commonwealth Office add something

 

The FCO was formed in 1968, from the merger of the short-lived Commonwealth Office and the Foreign Office add something

 

David Roycroft - He served in the armed forces from 1968 to 1974, when he joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as a 2nd Secretary

 

Anthony Figgis - He was 2nd Secretary in Bahrain from 1968 to 1970, when he rejoined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London


1969

Robert Cooper (strategist) - He won a Thouron *award, and spent the academic year 1969-70 at the University of Pennsylvania, joining the Diplomatic Service of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1970


1970

Instead, the Foreign Office became a Grade 1 listed building in 1970 add something

 

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office held responsibility for international development issues between 1970 and 1974, and again between 1979 and 1997 add something

 

Alec Douglas-Home - From 1970 to 1974 he served in the cabinet of Edward Heath as Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, an expanded version of the post of Foreign Secretary, which he had held earlier


1971

Brian Maurice Bennett - Bennett entered the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1971

 

Patrick Haseldine - He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in May 1971 and within four years was posted as Commercial Attaché to the Paris Embassy


1972

Stuart Jack - Educated at Westcliff High School for Boys; and Merton College, Oxford, Jack joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1972 after serving with the VSO is Laos

 

Howard Pearce - He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1972

 

Peter Westmacott - Sir Peter joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1972, and his first overseas posting was as Second Secretary at Tehran , Iran, in 1974


1973

John Holmes (British diplomat) - Following his education at Preston Grammar School and Balliol College, Oxford, he entered the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1973

 

Emyr Jones Parry - Jones Parry joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1973 and his first posting was to the British High Commission in Ottawa as First Secretary


1974

Peter Butcher - He entered the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1974

 

Stephen Lamport - He joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1974, and was assigned to the United Kingdom Mission to the United Nations in New York

 

John Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard - He was Private secretary to the Permanent Under Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1974 until 1979, and was on secondment to HM Treasury from 1979 until 1984, during which time he was Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1981 until 1984

 

Anthony Figgis - He was in the CSCE delegation at Geneva 1974 to 1975 and again at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London 1975 to 1979


1975

John Heap (geographer) - Dr Heap served with the Polar Regions Section of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and was head of the section between 1975 and 1992

 

David Warren (diplomat) - Educated at Epsom College and Exeter College, Oxford, Warren joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1975

 

Stephen Lamport - In 1975 he was posted to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as a 3rd Secretary From 1975 to 1979 he was in Tehran , initially as a 3rd Secretary and as 2nd Secretary


1976

David Owen - In September 1976, Owen was appointed by the new Prime Minister of five months, James Callaghan, as a Minister of State at the Foreign Office and was consequently admitted to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom


1977

David Trefgarne, 2nd Baron Trefgarne - Trefgarne was an opposition Whip from 1977 to 1979 and served in the Conservative administration of Margaret Thatcher as a Government Whip from 1979 to 1981 and as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Trade in 1981, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1981 to 1982, at the Department of Health and Social Security from 1982 to 1983 and at the Ministry of Defence from 1983 to 1985


1978

In 1978, the Home office moved to a new building, easing overcrowding add something


1979

Richard Luce, Baron Luce - When the Conservatives returned to power at the 1979 general election, he became Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


1980

Stephen Lamport - From 1980 to 1984 he was a 1st Secretary in London with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, serving 1981-1984 as Private Secretary to two successive Ministers of State, Malcolm Rifkind and Douglas Hurd


1981

John Weston (diplomat) - From 1981 to 1985 he was the Foreign Office's Director of International Security Policy, after heading their Defence Department during the Falklands War

 

Rupert McGuigan - From 1981-1985 he was in the Permanent Under Secretary of State's Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

 

Michael Jay, Baron Jay of Ewelme - He transferred to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1981, serving as Private Secretary to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State


1982

John Goulden - From there he was promoted to become Head of Personnel Services Department and later Head of News Department and Foreign and Commonwealth Office Spokesman from 1982-4


1983

Raymond Asquith, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Asquith - As well as postings in London at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Cabinet Office, he served as First Secretary at the embassy in Moscow from 1983-5, and Counsellor at the embassy in Kiev from 1992-7

 

Richard Luce, Baron Luce - However he returned to office in 1983, again as a Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

 

Cranley Onslow - In Margaret Thatcher's government he was made a Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1983, but resigned a year later

 

David Blatherwick (diplomat) - In March 1983 he became Head of the Energy Science and Space Department at the Foreign Office


1984

John Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard - He was Head of Chancery at the British Embassy in Washington DC from 1984 until 1987, Assistant Under Secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1987 until 1990


1985

Robin Janvrin, Baron Janvrin - Janvrin was Counsellor and Deputy Head of Department for the Personnel Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1985 to 1987


1986

Anthony Figgis - From 1986 to 1988, Figgis was Head of the East European Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


1987

Tony Lloyd - As an MP, Lloyd was an opposition spokesman between 1987 and 1997, a Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office between 1997 and 1999, and Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party from 2006 to 2012

 

Paul Brummell - He entered the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1987


1988

Patricia Lewis - During the 1988-90 negotiations on the CFE treaty, Lewis was a consultant to the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office on the verification of conventional force reductions in Europe

 

Stephen Lamport - From 1988 to 1993 he was with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, initially as a 1st Secretary and as a Counsellor

 

George Fergusson (diplomat) - In 1988 he transferred to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office as 1st Secretary in Dublin


1989

David Lidington - He moved to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1989 when Mr Hurd was appointed Foreign Secretary

 

David Blatherwick (diplomat) - He returned to the Foreign Office again in 1989, this time as Superintending Under-Secretary and Principal Finance Officer with responsibility for planning and co-ordination of expenditure and oversight of delegated budgets

 

Matthew Rycroft - He studied mathematics and philosophy at Oxford and joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office after graduation, in 1989

 

Anthony Figgis - He was subsequently Director of Research, and of Research and Analysis, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1989 to 1991

 

Lynda Chalker, Baroness Chalker of Wallasey - She served as Minister of State for Overseas Development at the Foreign Office, in the Conservative government from 1989 to 1997


1990

Laurie Bristow - Bristow joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1990


1991

George Fergusson (diplomat) - From 1991 to 1993, he was in the Soviet and the Eastern Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London

 

Anthony Figgis - From 1991 to 1996, Figgis was Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Her Majesty's Vice-Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps


1996

Liam Fox - He was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1996 to 1997


1997

From 1997, this became the responsibility of the separate Department for International Development add something

 

With a new sense of the building's historical value, it underwent a 17-year, £100 million restoration process, completed in 1997 add something

 

Rupert McGuigan - He retired from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1997 and joined the Office of the Princess Royal

 

Martin Sorrell - In 1997, he was appointed an Ambassador for British Business by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and subsequently appointed to the Office's Panel 2000 aimed at rebranding Britain abroad

 

Tony Lloyd - Following the 1997 general election which returned Tony Blair as Prime Minister, Lloyd was appointed a junior Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office under Robin Cook, beginning 5 May 1997


1999

Kathryn Colvin - Colvin was Her Majesty's Vice Marshal of the Diplomatic Corps and Head of the Protocol Division of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1999 to 2001

 

Geoff Hoon - In 1999, he was briefly a minister at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, before entering the cabinet later in the year as the Secretary of State for Defence, at which time he became a member of the Privy Council


2001

Charlotte Atkins - After the 2001 general election Atkins was appointed a Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


2003

One of the key messages of these discussions was the conclusion that the existing framework of ten international strategic priorities, dating from 2003, was no longer appropriate add something

 

Douglas Alexander - In June 2003 Alexander was promoted to Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in September 2004 was moved to Minister of State for Trade at both the Department of Trade and Industry and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


2005

Jeremy Browne - Following his election in 2005, Browne was appointed a spokesman on Foreign Affairs and as Member of the Home Affairs Select Committee

 

In August 2005, a report by management consultant group Collinson Grant was made public by Andrew Mackinlay add something


2006

In April 2006 a new executive agency was established, FCO Services, to provide corporate service functions add something


2007

Alexander Litvinenko - On 28 May 2007, the British Foreign Office officially submitted a request to the Government of Russia for the extradition of Lugovoi to face criminal charges in the UK.

 

David Miliband - Miliband's first Foreign Office questions session as Foreign Secretary in the House of Commons was on 3 July 2007

 

Peter Waterworth - He was sworn in at the Legislative Council of Montserrat on 27 July 2007, 19 years to the day since he was last in Montserrat, when he served as a Foreign and Commonwealth Office legal adviser


2008

Peter Baldwin (politician) - After leaving politics, Baldwin developed and co-founded Debategraph in March 2008, a web-based collaborative argument visualisation tool for mapping complex public policy debates, used by the White House, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and the Amanpour series on CNN

 

In April 2008 it moved to Trading Fund status so it had the ability to provide similar services which it already offers to the FCO, to other government departments and even outside businesses add something


2009

In 2009, Gordon Brown created the position of chief scientific adviser to the FCO. The first science adviser was David C. Clary add something

 

Lev Leviev - In April 2009, following public pressure for a boycott, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office announced that it would not be renting its Tel Aviv embassy from Leviev's Africa-Israel company

 

Ivan Lewis - He remained there until June 2009, when he was promoted to Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs


2010

On 25 April 2010, the department apologised after "The Sunday Telegraph" obtained a "foolish" document calling for the upcoming September visit of Pope Benedict XVI to be marked by the launch of "Benedict-branded" condoms, the opening of an abortion clinic and the blessing of a same-sex marriage add something

 

This position has been held by Simon Fraser since late August 2010 add something

 

Adam Holloway - In October 2010 he was appointed as Parliamentary Private Secretary to David Lidington, the Minister of State for Europe and NATO in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office


2011

Izzy Westbury - In Michaelmas term 2011, she was President of the Oxford Union, having earlier served as Secretary, and aims to one day work for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

 

Stephen Green, Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint - He became Minister of State for Trade and Investment in both the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on 11 January 2011


2012

In 2012, the Foreign Office was criticised by Gerald Steinberg, of the Jerusalem-based research institute, NGO Monitor, saying that the Foreign Office and the Department for International Development to Palestinian NGOs provided more than £500,000 in funding to Palestinian NGOs which he says "promote political attacks on Israel add something

 

In September 2012, the FCO and the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs signed a Memorandum of Understanding on diplomatic cooperation, which promotes the co-location of embassies, the joint provision of consular services, and common crisis response add something

 

Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi - On 4 September 2012, she was appointed Senior Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Minister for Faith and Communities


2013

David Warren (diplomat) - He retired from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in January 2013, and now serves as chairman of the Japan Society in London


2015

This position is held by Sir Simon McDonald, who took office on 1 September 2015 add something