Foreign relations of Afghanistan

Knowledge Identifier: $Foreign_relations_of_Afghanistan

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Foreign relations of Afghanistan

Foreign relations of Afghanistan are handled by the nation's Ministry of Foreign Affairsadd

Category: Politics

Launched in 1950.

Countries: India (20%), United States (14%), Afghanistan (10%)

Main connections: Taliban, Soviet Union, Hamid Karzai

Linked to: Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees, Kabul University, University of Michigan, Folketing

 

Timeline


 

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1950

During the 1950s and 60s, Afghanistan was able to use the Russian and American need for allies during the Cold War as a way to receive economic assistance from both countries add something

 

Since the 1950s the U.S. extended an economic assistance program focused on the development of Afghanistan's physical infrastructure which included roads, dams, and power plants add something


1959

Dwight D. Eisenhower visited Kabul in December 1959, becoming the first U.S. President to travel to Afghanistan add something


1960

During the early 1960s former King of Afghanistan, Zahir Shah, visited the United States and met with John F. Kennedy add something


1961

From September 1961 to June 1963, diplomatic relations, trade, transit, and consular services were suspended by Pakistan add something


1962

The Peace Corps was active in Afghanistan between 1962 and 1979 add something


1967

On 24 May 1967, an air service agreement was signed in Kabul add something


1978

Relations between the two nations became complicated following the 1978 communist coup known as the Saur Revolution add something

 

After the April 1978 coup, relations deteriorated add something

 

Following the Marxist coup of April 1978, the government under Nur Muhammad Taraki developed significantly closer ties with the Soviet Union and its communist satellites add something

 

The April 1978 Marxist revolution further strained relations between the two states add something


1979

In February 1979, U.S. Ambassador Adolph "Spike" Dubs was murdered in Kabul after security forces burst in on his kidnappers add something

 

On 2 March 1979, an agreement on a Danish loan to Afghanistan was signed add something

 

After the December 1979 Soviet invasion, Afghanistan's foreign policy mirrored that of the Soviet Union add something


1980

Although Iran has hosted large numbers of Afghan refugees since the early 1980s, it is seeking to repatriate the remaining ones back to Afghanistan as soon as possible add something

 

Before the 1980s Soviet war, Afghanistan pursued a policy of neutrality and nonalignment in its foreign relations, being one of a few independent nations to stay neutral in both World War I and World War II add something


1989

Many countries subsequently closed their missions due to instability and heavy fighting in Kabul after the Soviet withdrawal in 1989 add something

 

The Soviets occupied Afghanistan in the face of a bitter ten-year insurgency before withdrawing in 1989 add something


1990

Throughout the late 1990s, 2000, and 2001, the UN unsuccessfully strived to promote a peaceful settlement between the Afghan factions as well as provide humanitarian aid, this despite increasing Taliban restrictions upon UN personnel and agencies add something


1991

However, this relationship dissolved in 1991 along with the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself add something

 

On 13 September 1991, the Soviet government, now dominated by Boris Yeltsin, agreed with the United States on a mutual cut off of military aid to both sides in the Afghan civil war beginning on 1 January 1992 add something


1992

However, the UN reduced its role in Afghanistan in 1992 in the wake of fierce factional strife in and around Kabul add something

 

Many countries initially welcomed the introduction of the Taliban regime, who they saw as a stabilizing, law-enforcing alternative to the warlords who had ruled the country since the fall of Najibullah's government in 1992 add something

 

Having been cut adrift both materially and politically, Najibullah's faction torn government began to fall apart, and the city of Kabul fell to the Mujahideen factions in April 1992 add something


1996

Pakistan developed closer ties with the Taliban government in 1996, which it believed would offer strategic depth in any future conflict with India, and extended recognition in 1997 add something

 

Relations deteriorated after the Taliban took power in 1996 add something

 

Benazir Bhutto - In 1996, the newly appointed Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef presented her diplomatic credentials while he paying a visit to her


1997

Saudi Arabia was the second of only three countries to recognize the Taliban government, extending official recognition on 26 May 1997, one day after Pakistan and shortly before the United Arab Emirates add something


1998

In 1998, when the Taliban captured the northern Afghan city of Mazar-e-Sharif, several Iranian diplomats were executed on espionage charges add something


1999

During the course of the hijack of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, the Taliban requested recognition by India in exchange for help in negotiations add something


2000

By 2000, only Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates recognized the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan add something


2001

After the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, India strengthened ties with the Islamic republic of Afghanistan by establishing consulates in most major Afghan cities add something

 

However, all three countries withdrew their recognition in the months following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States add something

 

Since the fall of the Taleban in 2001, Denmark has supported Afghanistan with education and democratisation add something

 

The September 11, 2001 attacks in the U.S. prompted Canada to re-evaluate its policies toward Afghanistan add something

 

Following the October 2001 American invasion and the Bonn Agreement the new government under the leadership of Hamid Karzai started to re-establish diplomatic relationships with many countries who had held close diplomatic relations before the communist coup d'état and the subsequent civil war add something


2002

Since 2002, the new Afghan government has engaged in cordial relations with both Iran and the United States, even as relations between Iran and the United States have grown strained due to American objections to Iran's nuclear program add something


2003

The Canadian commitment was originally planned to last to October 2003 add something


2005

In 2005, the Folketing approved 670 million DKK, to the rebuilding of Afghanistan add something

 

The killing of a BRO employee by the neo-Taliban in 2005 prompted the Indian authorities to dispatch approximately 200 Indo-Tibetan Border Police commandos to in 2006 to provide security for Indians working in various construction projects in Afghanistan add something

 

Mohammad Omar Daudzai - He is a former member of the Hezbi Islami and was from 2005 until 2007 Afghan Ambassador in Iran


2006

On 28 January 2006, the Afghan president Hamid Karzai visited Anders Fogh Rasmussen in Marienborg, the summer residence of the Danish Prime Minister add something


2008

Afghanistan officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 18 February 2008 add something


2009

In 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev announced that he wanted to be more involved in Afghanistan, supporting development of infrastructure and the army add something

 

In September 2009, Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen visited Camp Bastion add something


2010

Between 2010 and 2011, Afghan and Iranian security forces were involved in border skirmish in Nimroz Province of Afghanistan add something

 

In late 2010, the long awaited Afghanistan Pakistan Transit Trade Act was finally signed by the two states add something

 

On 23 June 2010, Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen visited Afghanistan, where he met Hamid Karzai add something


2011

As of 2011, Afghan-Pakistani political ties continue to decline from bad to worst add something

 

In late 2011, relations between Afghanistan and Dominican Republic were established add something

 

Political contacts between India and Afghanistan have increased in 2011, especially after the death of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan add something

 

On 10 January 2011, Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul visited Denmark, to discuss bilateral relations add something

 

It took effect in June 2011, which is intended to improve economic ties add something

 

In July 2011, Iran decided to cut off electricity exports to Afghanistan's Nimroz Province add something

 

There are military ties between Afghanistan and India, which is expected to increase after the October 2011 strategic pact that was signed by President Karzai and Manmohan Singh add something


2013

Afghanistan and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on 17 June 2013 add something


2014

Although, the U.S. military is to remain in Afghanistan until the end of 2014, U.S. officials have offered to remain permanently if the Afghan people wanted them add something

 

Mohammad Omar Daudzai - He served as Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan and later served as Afghan Minister of the Interior in Kabul until October 2014