Foreign relations of Afghanistan

Knowledge Identifier: $Foreign_relations_of_Afghanistan


Foreign relations of Afghanistan

Foreign relations of Afghanistan are handled by the nation's Ministry of Foreign Affairsadd

Category: Politics

Launched in 1950.

Countries: India (20%), United States (14%), Afghanistan (10%)

Main connections: Taliban, Soviet Union, Hamid Karzai

Linked to: Danish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees, Kabul University, University of Michigan, Folketing




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During the 1950s and 60s, Afghanistan was able to use the Russian and American need for allies during the Cold War as a way to receive economic assistance from both countries add something


Since the 1950s the U.S. extended an economic assistance program focused on the development of Afghanistan's physical infrastructure which included roads, dams, and power plants add something


Dwight D. Eisenhower visited Kabul in December 1959, becoming the first U.S. President to travel to Afghanistan add something


During the early 1960s former King of Afghanistan, Zahir Shah, visited the United States and met with John F. Kennedy add something


From September 1961 to June 1963, diplomatic relations, trade, transit, and consular services were suspended by Pakistan add something


The Peace Corps was active in Afghanistan between 1962 and 1979 add something


On 24 May 1967, an air service agreement was signed in Kabul add something


Relations between the two nations became complicated following the 1978 communist coup known as the Saur Revolution add something


After the April 1978 coup, relations deteriorated add something


Following the Marxist coup of April 1978, the government under Nur Muhammad Taraki developed significantly closer ties with the Soviet Union and its communist satellites add something


The April 1978 Marxist revolution further strained relations between the two states add something


In February 1979, U.S. Ambassador Adolph "Spike" Dubs was murdered in Kabul after security forces burst in on his kidnappers add something


On 2 March 1979, an agreement on a Danish loan to Afghanistan was signed add something


After the December 1979 Soviet invasion, Afghanistan's foreign policy mirrored that of the Soviet Union add something


Although Iran has hosted large numbers of Afghan refugees since the early 1980s, it is seeking to repatriate the remaining ones back to Afghanistan as soon as possible add something


Before the 1980s Soviet war, Afghanistan pursued a policy of neutrality and nonalignment in its foreign relations, being one of a few independent nations to stay neutral in both World War I and World War II add something


Many countries subsequently closed their missions due to instability and heavy fighting in Kabul after the Soviet withdrawal in 1989 add something


The Soviets occupied Afghanistan in the face of a bitter ten-year insurgency before withdrawing in 1989 add something


Throughout the late 1990s, 2000, and 2001, the UN unsuccessfully strived to promote a peaceful settlement between the Afghan factions as well as provide humanitarian aid, this despite increasing Taliban restrictions upon UN personnel and agencies add something


However, this relationship dissolved in 1991 along with the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself add something


On 13 September 1991, the Soviet government, now dominated by Boris Yeltsin, agreed with the United States on a mutual cut off of military aid to both sides in the Afghan civil war beginning on 1 January 1992 add something


However, the UN reduced its role in Afghanistan in 1992 in the wake of fierce factional strife in and around Kabul add something


Many countries initially welcomed the introduction of the Taliban regime, who they saw as a stabilizing, law-enforcing alternative to the warlords who had ruled the country since the fall of Najibullah's government in 1992 add something


Having been cut adrift both materially and politically, Najibullah's faction torn government began to fall apart, and the city of Kabul fell to the Mujahideen factions in April 1992 add something


Pakistan developed closer ties with the Taliban government in 1996, which it believed would offer strategic depth in any future conflict with India, and extended recognition in 1997 add something


Relations deteriorated after the Taliban took power in 1996 add something


Benazir Bhutto - In 1996, the newly appointed Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef presented her diplomatic credentials while he paying a visit to her


Saudi Arabia was the second of only three countries to recognize the Taliban government, extending official recognition on 26 May 1997, one day after Pakistan and shortly before the United Arab Emirates add something


In 1998, when the Taliban captured the northern Afghan city of Mazar-e-Sharif, several Iranian diplomats were executed on espionage charges add something


During the course of the hijack of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, the Taliban requested recognition by India in exchange for help in negotiations add something


By 2000, only Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates recognized the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan add something


After the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, India strengthened ties with the Islamic republic of Afghanistan by establishing consulates in most major Afghan cities add something


However, all three countries withdrew their recognition in the months following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States add something


Since the fall of the Taleban in 2001, Denmark has supported Afghanistan with education and democratisation add something


The September 11, 2001 attacks in the U.S. prompted Canada to re-evaluate its policies toward Afghanistan add something


Following the October 2001 American invasion and the Bonn Agreement the new government under the leadership of Hamid Karzai started to re-establish diplomatic relationships with many countries who had held close diplomatic relations before the communist coup d'état and the subsequent civil war add something


Since 2002, the new Afghan government has engaged in cordial relations with both Iran and the United States, even as relations between Iran and the United States have grown strained due to American objections to Iran's nuclear program add something


The Canadian commitment was originally planned to last to October 2003 add something


In 2005, the Folketing approved 670 million DKK, to the rebuilding of Afghanistan add something


The killing of a BRO employee by the neo-Taliban in 2005 prompted the Indian authorities to dispatch approximately 200 Indo-Tibetan Border Police commandos to in 2006 to provide security for Indians working in various construction projects in Afghanistan add something


Mohammad Omar Daudzai - He is a former member of the Hezbi Islami and was from 2005 until 2007 Afghan Ambassador in Iran


On 28 January 2006, the Afghan president Hamid Karzai visited Anders Fogh Rasmussen in Marienborg, the summer residence of the Danish Prime Minister add something


Afghanistan officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 18 February 2008 add something


In 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev announced that he wanted to be more involved in Afghanistan, supporting development of infrastructure and the army add something


In September 2009, Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen visited Camp Bastion add something


Between 2010 and 2011, Afghan and Iranian security forces were involved in border skirmish in Nimroz Province of Afghanistan add something


In late 2010, the long awaited Afghanistan Pakistan Transit Trade Act was finally signed by the two states add something


On 23 June 2010, Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen visited Afghanistan, where he met Hamid Karzai add something


As of 2011, Afghan-Pakistani political ties continue to decline from bad to worst add something


In late 2011, relations between Afghanistan and Dominican Republic were established add something


Political contacts between India and Afghanistan have increased in 2011, especially after the death of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan add something


On 10 January 2011, Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul visited Denmark, to discuss bilateral relations add something


It took effect in June 2011, which is intended to improve economic ties add something


In July 2011, Iran decided to cut off electricity exports to Afghanistan's Nimroz Province add something


There are military ties between Afghanistan and India, which is expected to increase after the October 2011 strategic pact that was signed by President Karzai and Manmohan Singh add something


Afghanistan and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on 17 June 2013 add something


Although, the U.S. military is to remain in Afghanistan until the end of 2014, U.S. officials have offered to remain permanently if the Afghan people wanted them add something


Mohammad Omar Daudzai - He served as Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan and later served as Afghan Minister of the Interior in Kabul until October 2014