Formula One
(Auto racing)
March Engineering
(Auto racing)
(Auto racing)
Jean-Pierre Jabouille
(Auto racing)
(Auto racing)
Max Mosley

See also

Formula Two

Knowledge Identifier: $Formula_Two


Formula Two

Type of open wheel formula racing first codified in 1948 add

Category: Auto racing

Launched in 1952.

Countries: (30%), United Kingdom (18%), Italy (13%)

Main connections: Formula One, March Engineering, Brabham

Linked to: BMW, Cosworth, Matra, Honda




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In fact, Formula One in its early years attracted so few entrants that in 1952 and 1953 all World Championship Grand Prix races, except the unique Indianapolis 500, were run in Formula Two. add something


V6 engine - Alfredo & Ferrari , son of Enzo Ferrari, suggested to him the development of a 1,5 L DOHC V6 engine for Formula Two at the end of 1955


Championships were held from 1956 to 1960, 1964 to 1967 and again in 1972 add something


When F2 was brought back in 1,5 litre form in 1956, Cooper and Lotus were the first to build cars to the new specification, taking advantage of the availability of Coventry Climax engines add something


Jack Brabham - Brabham briefly and unsuccessfully campaigned his own second hand Formula One Maserati 250F during 1956, but his season was saved by drives for Cooper in sports cars and Formula Two, the junior category to Formula One. At that time, almost all racing cars had their engines mounted at the front but Coopers were different, having the engine placed behind the driver, which improved their handling


Porsche 718 - A new Formula Two for 1,5 litre engine cars was introduced in 1957


A slightly enlarged version of the F2 Cooper won the first two F1 Grands Prix in 1958, marking the beginning of the rear-engined era in F1 add something


Henry Taylor (racing driver) - Continuing his winning ways in Formula Two in 1958, while scoring several good placings in the UK and in France, he soon graduated to Grand Prix racing


Porsche 804 - In October 1958 the FIA announced another change to the regulations for Formula One. Beginning in the 1961 season, engine capacity would be limited to the same 1,5 litres as in Formula Two. This meant that Porsche could use their F2 cars almost unchanged in F1


Formula Junior was introduced in 1959, an attempt to be all things to all people , and it was soon realised that there was a need to split it into two new formulae; F2 and F3 were reintroduced for the 1964 season, with F3 requiring one-litre production-based engines with very restricted tuning, and F2 having a 1,0 L engine size, but permitting pure-bred racing engines add something


British Racing Partnership - BRP ran a Cooper-Borgward Formula Two car and occasionally a BRM Formula One car in 1959, the latter being demolished in a spectacular crash at the Avus street circuit


JBW - Following two seasons competing in Formula Two races with the JBW Cooper T43 and T45, Brian Naylor decided to enter Formula One proper in 1959


Coppa Acerbo - After a two year break the race was downgraded to Formula Two status for 1960, a race won by future World Champion Denny Hulme in his first year racing in Europe


Ferrari P - Although Enzo & Ferrari resisted the move even with Cooper dominating F1, Ferrari began producing mid-engined racing cars in 1960 with the Ferrari Dino-V6-engine Formula Two 156, which would be turned into the Formula One-winner of 1961


Brabham - In the 1960s and early 1970s, drivers who had reached Formula One often continued to compete in Formula Two


Swedish Grand Prix - In the 1960s there were Formula Two races held called Swedish Grand Prix


BMW in Formula One - In the 1960s, the Formula One German Grand Prix was often held concurrently with a Formula Two race on the same circuit, allowing BMW F2 cars to take part


British Racing Partnership - The team ran Coopers in both Formula One and Formula Two during 1960, with mixed success


Malaysian Grand Prix - The 1962-1965 seasons of the original Formula Two Grand Prix held on the Thomson Road circuit in Singapore is regarded as an earlier precedence of the Malaysian Grand Prix, when Singapore was originally part of the Malaysian federation from 1963 to 1965


An Australian Formula 2 Championship was sanctioned by the Confederation of Australian Motor Sport in the years from 1964 to 1965, from 1969 to 1977 and from 1979 to 1988 add something


Australia has had its own Australian Formula 2 category since 1964 add something


Prior to the formation of the European Championship, France held at this own, very popular championship between 1964 and 1967 add something


Honda - After a learning year in 1965, Honda-powered Brabhams dominated the 1966 French Formula Two championship in the hands of Jack Brabham and Denny Hulme


Jack Brabham - The season saw the fruition of Brabham's relationship with Japanese engine manufacturer Honda in Formula Two. After a generally unsuccessful season in 1965, Honda revised their 1-litre engine completely


Tyrrell Racing - Tyrrell ran the BRM Formula Two operation throughout 1965, 1966 and 1967 whilst Stewart was signed to the Formula One team


For 1967, the &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) increased the maximum engine capacity to 1600cc add something


The &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) introduced the European Formula Two Championship in 1967 add something


Brian Hart - He competed in a handful of non-championship Formula One races using Formula Two cars and in 1967, he qualified for the German Grand Prix at the famous Nürburgring in a Protos-Cosworth


Jackie Oliver - Nevertheless, for 1967 he was drafted into the Team Lotus Formula Two team, which saw him making his Grand Prix debut in the F2 class at the German Grand Prix, where he came 5th overall and won the F2 class


Less happily, Jim Clark, regarded as one of the greatest race drivers of all time, was killed in a Formula Two race early in 1968, at the Hockenheimring add something


Frank Williams Racing Cars - After Williams backed Courage in a successful 1968 Formula Two season, he purchased a Brabham Formula One car for Courage in 1969


Max Mosley - Early in the year, Mosley competed in the 1968 Deutschland Trophäe, the Formula Two race at Hockenheim in which double world champion Jim Clark was killed, and within two years both of Mosley's 1968 team mates were dead in racing accidents


Jonathan Williams (racing driver) - However he did compete in some Formula Two events in 1968 winning the Rhine Cup race in a car entered by Sir Frank Williams, before driving the works Serenissima


Xavier Perrot - In 1968 he switched to Formula Two, driving a Brabham BT23C, and after a difficult first season, improved in 1969, finishing fourth at Hockenheim and sixth in the Formula Two class of the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, 10th overall


Max Mosley - In 1968, he formed the London Racing Team in partnership with driver Chris Lambert to compete in European Formula Two, which at that time was the level of racing just below Formula One. Their cars were prepared by Frank Williams, later a Formula One team owner


Francois Cevert - After winning the French Formula 3 Championship, Cevert joined the works Tecno Formula Two team in 1969, and finished third overall, as well as driving in the F2 class of the 1969 German Grand Prix


Jean-Pierre Jabouille - For 1969 he was contracted as a development driver by Alpine, having several disjointed runs in Formula Two and sports cars


Formula BMW - BMW has prior experience of junior formula racing, as a successful engine supplier in Formula Two and, more briefly, Formula Three in the 1970s


Jean-Pierre Jarier - Following impressive results in Formula France, Jarier moved up to French Formula Three, finishing 3rd overall in 1970, before moving on to the Shell Arnold European Formula Two team in 1971


Portuguese Grand Prix - The "'Estoril Grand Prix"' was held as a European Formula Two Championship event during the 1970s


Jochen Rindt - Like many other drivers at the time, Rindt continued to race in Formula Two races next to his duties in Formula One, with his last F2 appearance being the "Festspielpreis der Salzburg" in August 1970


Ronnie Peterson - Even after his elevation to F1 status Peterson still drove in lower echelon racing series , winning the 1971 European Formula Two Championship driving for March


Xavier Perrot - He continued in Formula Two in 1971 with a March 712M, finishing third at Imola, while making a successful return to hillclimbing


Niki Lauda - His career seemed to be going nowhere in particular until he took out a large bank loan, secured by a life insurance policy, to buy his way into the fledgling March team as a Formula Two driver in 1971


Jean-Pierre Jaussaud - In 1971 he moved full-time to Formula Two in a works March, and the following year drove a privateer Brabham and fought for the European Formula 2 title with Mike Hailwood


Bob Wollek - In 1971, Wollek switched to Formula Two driving for Ron Dennis's Rondel Racing


Brian Hart - The Hart-tuned Ford FVA and BDA engines were successful in Formula Two, with Ronnie Peterson winning the European title with an FVA in 1971 and Mike Hailwood taking the same title in 1972 with a BDA. The arrival in F2 of BMW and Renault left Ford reluctant to increase its involvement, so Hart chose to develop his own F2 engine - the 420R - which was first raced in a Chevron sportscar in 1976


Minardi - He ran customer cars in Formula Two under various names from 1972 to 1979 even briefly running a customer Formula One Ferrari 312T as Scuderia Everest in 1976 before gaining financial backing from well known Italian motor racing patron Piero Mancini in 1979 to set up the Minardi racing team as a constructor


Max Mosley - Losing money on a deal to supply Jochen Neerpasch, motorsport manager at Ford, with a Formula Two car paid off when Neerpasch moved to BMW and offered March an exclusive deal in 1972 to use BMW's Formula Two engine


Jean-Pierre Jarier - For 1973 he signed to the March Engineering Formula Two team, and was given a Formula One seat by the outfit


David Walker (racing driver) - For 1973, Walker drifted into Formula Two but was unfortunate to be badly injured in two road accidents that year


Brabham - For the 1973 season, Ecclestone promoted the young South African engineer Gordon Murray to chief designer and moved Herbie Blash from the Formula Two programme to become the Formula One team manager


Jean-Pierre Jabouille - In 1973 he co-drove a Matra to 3rd at the Le Mans 24 Hours, and repeated this feat in 1974, when he won the Formula Two race at Hockenheim, and finished as runner-up in the European 2-litre series for Alpine


Brabham - The last production customer Brabhams were the Formula Two BT40 and the Formula Three BT41 of 1973, although Ecclestone sold ex-works Formula One BT44Bs to RAM Racing as late as 1976


Token Racing - Token's history began in late 1973 when Rondel Racing, the successful Formula Two team founded by Ron Dennis and Neil Trundle, decided to enter F1


V6 engine - Despite such considerations, this engine won the European 2 L prototype championship in 1974 and several European Formula Two titles


Osella - The team would rise to Formula Two in 1975 achieving some success with its own car ; François Migault scored one point


For 1976, engines developed purely for racing were permitted to compete, with Renault developing a particularly potent V6; allied to a sponsorship scheme from oil company Elf the formula was briefly dominated by French teams and drivers; BMW started to back a works March team and raised the stakes in the late seventies add something


Osella - Additionally, the team suffered from severe financial problems which meant that the works team was withdrawn from Formula Two in the middle of 1976


Jean-Pierre Jabouille - For 1976 he concentrated on Formula Two, finally winning the title


Rene Arnoux - For 1976, Arnoux moved back to Formula Two with an Elf-sponsored, works Martini-Renault, winning three races and narrowly losing the title to Jean-Pierre Jabouille


Renault Sport - Jean-Pierre Jabouille and René Arnoux won the 1976 and 1977 European Formula Two Championships with Renault-powered cars


Rene Arnoux - In 1977, Arnoux won the European Formula Two Championship


From 1978 the formula has specified that cars be powered by a production-based single-cam engine with a capacity between 1100 cc and 1600 cc add something


March Engineering - From 1978, March concentrated on Formula Two running the works BMW team


Gustav Brunner - He first entered F1 in a brief spell working for the ATS team in 1978, before designing cars for Formula Two and sportscar racing


Elio de Angelis - In 1978 he raced in Formula Two for Minardi and for the ICI British F2 Team, he competed in one round of the British Formula One championship and won the prestious Monaco F3 race


Keke Rosberg - Rosberg had a relatively late start to his F1 career, debuting at the age of 29 after stints in Formula Vee, Formula Atlantic and its antipodean counterpart Formula Pacific and Formula Two, "feeder" series to Formula One. His first Formula One drive was with the Theodore team during the 1978 season


Jo Gartner - He moved up to the European Formula Three Championship in 1979, driving a Martini with support from Renault, and switched to Formula Two in 1980 with a two-year-old March


Eddie Jordan - Jordan and Stefan Johansson raced in British Formula Three in 1979, under the name "Team Ireland" and, in the same year, Jordan drove in one Formula Two race and did a small amount of testing for McLaren


Honda returned to F2 in the early 1980s with a powerful V6, but this was very much a "works" engine and the cost of competing with the works Ralt-Honda team became prohibitive add something


Enzo Coloni Racing Car Systems - Before that, Coloni, who was called "the wolf" , had taken part in two Formula Two races, one in 1980 with the San Remo team and another one in 1982 with the Minardi team


Mike Thackwell - For 1980, Thackwell decided to follow Serra and de Cesaris into Formula Two. However, before that he returned to New Zealand to race a Marlboro-backed works March in Aurora AFX New Zealand International Formula Pacific series, alongside de Cesaris


Mike Thackwell - Thackwell's debut in a Tyrrell was unsuccessful; he returned to Formula Two in 1981


March Engineering - In 1982, Corrado Fabi took March's last Formula Two title; the formula was being increasingly dominated by the works Ralt-Hondas


Philippe Alliot - By 1983 he moved to Formula Two but hit the headlines that year when he finished third in the Le Mans 24 Hours with Michael and Mario Andretti in a Kremer Porsche


Honda - Honda returned to Formula One in 1983, initially with another Formula Two partner, the Spirit team, before switching abruptly to Williams in 1984


After the 1984 season, Formula Two was replaced by a newly created Formula 3000 category in an attempt to merge F2-style chassis with the naturally aspirated 3000 cc Cosworth DFV V8 engines that were by now obsolete in the all-turbocharged Formula One. The category gradually evolved into a spec-racer series and was replaced in 2005 by GP2 Series partly reviving the "Formula 2" designation add something


Jo Gartner - After a successful lower formula career, including a win in the Formula Two Pau Grand Prix, he participated in eight Formula One Grands Prix for Osella during the 1984 season, scoring no points


Mike Thackwell - In 1984, Thackwell won the European Formula Two Championship


Minardi - Minardi left the lower division at the end of 1984, although in 1986 a modified version of their final Formula Two car, the 283, was entered without success in two rounds of the Formula 3000 championship which had replaced Formula Two in 1985


Mexico ran its own Formula Two series for 12 years in the early 1990s add something


Yvan Muller - After competing in French Formula Renault and French Formula Three, he won the British Formula Two championship title in 1992 and competed in the FIA Formula 3000 Championship in 1993


Japan ran a series known as "Formula 2000" to rules similar to two-litre F2 for several years add something


Jonathan Palmer - The company, of which Palmer is Chief Executive, co-ordinated and ran the now defunct Formula Palmer Audi Championship, before acquiring the commercial rights for the British Superbike Championship in 2008 and, in the same year, successfully tendering to operate the FIA Formula Two Championship, which is now defunct


Following an absence of 25 years, the Formula Two name returned in 2009 following an &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) announcement on 25 June 2008 add something


The 2009 championship comprised eight events in Europe between the months of May and November add something


Mikhail Aleshin - He joined the relaunched FIA Formula Two Championship for 2009, driving car number 15


Auto racing - In 2009, the &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) Formula Two Championship brought about the revival of the F2 series


Ajith Kumar - After a six year sabbatical, Ajith signed up for his third season of car racing by participating in the 2010 season of the FIA Formula Two Championship


In December 2012, series promoter MSV announced that Formula Two would not take place after 2013 due to declining entrant numbers add something


A third attempt at establishing the series was announced in 2015 add something


In 2015, the &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) announced plans to overhaul the Super Licence system, streamlining the qualification criteria and weighting the various feeder series to allow drivers a more linear progress system add something


Formula 2 returned in 2017, the former GP2 series became 'FIA Formula 2' in the March leading up to the 2017 season add something