Frank Sturgis

Knowledge Identifier: +Frank_Sturgis


Frank Sturgis

One of the Watergate burglars add

Category: Politics

Born in 1924.

Countries: United States (32%), Florida (18%), Cuba (16%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: John F. Kennedy, Fidel Castro, David Atlee Phillips

Linked to: Soviet Union, Democratic Party, International Armament Corporation, Old Dominion University




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Frank Sturgis was born in 1924 add something


On October 5, 1942, in his senior year of high school, 17-year-old Frank Angelo Fiorini joined the United States Marine Corps and served under Col. "Red Mike" Merritt A. Edson in the First Marine Raider Battalion in the Pacific Theater during the Second World War add something


Honorably discharged as a corporal in 1945, he joined the Norfolk, Virginia police force on June 5, 1946 add something


On October 5, 1946 he had a confrontation with his sergeant and resigned the same day add something


On November 9, 1947, Fiorini joined the United States Naval Reserve at the Norfolk, Virginia Naval Air Station and learned to fly while still working at the tavern add something


He was honorably discharged on August 30, 1948 and joined the United States Army the next day add something


Whether coincidence or not, his new name resembled that of Hank Sturgis, the fictional hero of E. Howard Hunt's 1949 novel, "Bimini Run", whose life parallels Frank Sturgis' life from 1942 to 1949 in certain salient respects add something


Two weeks after the USSR reopened the land routes on May 11, 1949, Fiorini was honorably discharged add something


Returning to Norfolk, Virginia in 1952, he took a job managing the Cafe Society tavern, partnered with its owner, Milton Bass, to co-purchase and manage The Top Hat Nightclub in Virginia Beach add something


On September 23, 1952, Frank Fiorini filed a petition in the Circuit Court of the City of Norfolk, Virginia, Virginia, to change his name to Frank Anthony Sturgis, adopting the surname of his stepfather Ralph Sturgis, whom his mother had married in 1937 add something


Sturgis moved to Miami in 1957, where the Cuban wife of his uncle Angelo Vona introduced him to former Cuban president Carlos Prio, who joined with other Cubans opposing dictator Fulgencio Batista to plot their return to power add something


He served in several branches of the United States military, aided Fidel Castro in the Cuban revolution of 1958, and worked as an undercover operative add something


In March 1958, Sturgis opened a training camp in the Sierra Maestra mountains, where he taught Che Guevara and other 26th of July Movement rebel soldiers guerrilla warfare add something


On July 30, 1958, Sturgis was arrested for illegal possession of arms but was released without charge add something


In 1959, Sturgis became involved with Marita Lorenz, who was having an affair with Fidel Castro add something


There is some evidence that in 1959, Sturgis had contact with Lewis McWillie, the manager of the Tropicana Casino add something


When the revolution ended in January 1959, Castro appointed Sturgis gambling czar and director of security and intelligence for the air force, in addition to his position as a captain in the 26th of July Brigade add something


In January 1960, Sturgis and Lorenz took part in a failed attempt to poison Castro add something


Sturgis further testified that while he had often heard of "Eduardo," a CIA political officer who had been active in the work of the Cuban Revolutionary Council in Miami prior to the Bay of Pigs operation in April 1961, he had never met him and did not know until 1971 or 1972 that "Eduardo" was E. Howard Hunt add something


In an article published in the "South Florida Sun Sentinel" on December 4, 1963, James Buchanan, former reporter for the Pompano Beach Sun-Sentinel, claimed that Sturgis had met Lee Harvey Oswald in Miami , Florida shortly before the assassination of John F. Kennedy add something


In the article, Marchetti argued that the House Select Committee on Assassinations had obtained a 1966 CIA memo that revealed Sturgis, Hunt and Gerry Patrick Hemming had been involved in the plot to kill Kennedy add something


Sturgis testified to the same effect, except that he did not recall whether the introduction had taken place in late 1971 or early 1972 add something


On June 17, 1972, Sturgis, Virgilio González, Eugenio Martínez, Bernard Barker and James W. McCord, Jr. were arrested while installing electronic listening devices in the national Democratic Party campaign offices located at the Watergate office complex in Washington add something


Hank Greenspun - On June 17, 1972, Virgilio González, Bernard Barker, James W. McCord, Jr., Eugenio Martínez and Frank Sturgis were arrested while placing electronic devices in the Democratic Party campaign offices in an apartment block called Watergate, in Washington, D.C. It later emerged that people working for President Richard Nixon wanted to wiretap the conversations of Larry O'Brien, chairman of the Democratic National Committee


In January 1973, Sturgis, Hunt, Gonzalez, Martinez, Barker, G. Gordon Liddy and James W. McCord were convicted of conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping add something


The Rockefeller Commission of the U.S. Congress in 1974 investigated Sturgis and E. Howard Hunt in connection with the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy add something


George's article was published in "True" magazine in August 1974 add something


According to the 1975 Rockefeller Commission report, Hunt testified that he had never met Sturgis before they were introduced by Bernard Barker in Miami in 1972 add something


The 1975 Rockefeller Commission report, however, found that "Frank Sturgis was not an employee or agent of the CIA either in 1963 or at any other time add something


In an interview with New York Daily News reporter Paul Meskil on June 20, 1975, Sturgis stated, I was a spy add something


In 1976, Sturgis gave a series of interviews where he claimed that the assassination of John F. Kennedy had been organized by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara add something


In November 1977, Marita Lorenz gave an interview to the "New York Daily News" in which she claimed that a group called Operation 40, that included Sturgis and Lee Harvey Oswald, were involved in a conspiracy to kill both John F. Kennedy and Fidel Castro add something


In August 1978, Victor Marchetti published an article about the assassination of John F. Kennedy in the Liberty Lobby newspaper, "The Spotlight" add something


In 1979 Sturgis traveled to Angola to help rebels fighting the communist government, which was supported by Cuba and the Soviet Union, and to teach guerrilla warfare add something


In 1981 he went to Honduras to train Contras who were fighting Nicaragua's Sandinista government, which was supported by Cuba and the Soviet Union; the Army of El_Salvador; and the Honduras death squads add something


In 1986, he was interviewed on the television show Inside Edition claiming that the KGB was responsible for the assassination add something


In 1989 he visited Yassir Arafat in Tunis add something

Frank Sturgis died in 1993 add something


In an obituary published December 5, 1993, the "New York Times" quoted Sturgis' lawyer, Ellis Rubin, as saying that Sturgis died of cancer a week after he was admitted to a veterans hospital in Miami , five days shy of his 69th birthday add something


As a result of obtaining depositions from David Atlee Phillips, Richard Helms, G. Gordon Liddy, Stansfield Turner and Marita Lorenz, plus a skillful cross-examination by Lane of E. Howard Hunt, the jury decided in January 1995 that Marchetti had not been guilty of libel when he suggested that John F. Kennedy had been assassinated by people working for the CIA. add something


After the death of Hunt in 2007, Howard St. John Hunt and David Hunt stated that their father had recorded several claims about himself and others being involved in a conspiracy to assassinate John F. Kennedy add something


In the April 5, 2007 issue of "Rolling Stone", Howard St. John Hunt detailed a number of individuals purported to be implicated by his father including Sturgis, as well as Lyndon B. Johnson, Cord Meyer, David Sánchez Morales, David Phillips, Lucien Sarti, and William Harvey add something


David Atlee Phillips - In the April 5, 2007 issue of "Rolling Stone", Howard St. John Hunt detailed a number of individuals purported to be implicated by his father including Phillips, as well as Lyndon B. Johnson, Cord Meyer, David Sánchez Morales, Frank Sturgis, Lucien Sarti, and William Harvey


According to Roger Stone's 2014 book "Nixon's Secrets", Sturgis was involved in a failed CIA plot to assassinate President Richard Nixon add something


Shortly before the book's release in August 2014, Stone told MailOnline that the source of the allegations was Howard Liebengood, the minority counsel to the Senate Watergate Committee in the 1970s add something