Franklin D. Roosevelt

Knowledge Identifier: +Franklin_D._Roosevelt


Franklin D. Roosevelt

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Category: Politics

Born in 1882.

Countries: United States (74%), (4%), France (3%)

Main connections: Winston Churchill, White House, Herbert Hoover

Linked to: Allies of World War II, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Fifth Party System, Harvard College




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Franklin D. Roosevelt was born in 1882 add something


Roosevelt is an Anglicized form of the Dutch surname 'Van Rosevelt' or 'Van Rosenvelt', meaning 'from field of roses. add something


Roosevelt went to Harvard College and lived in a suite which is now part of Adams House, in the "Gold Coast" area populated by wealthy students. add something


In 1902, he met his future wife Eleanor Roosevelt, Theodore's niece, at a White House reception. add something


Roosevelt entered Columbia Law School in 1904, but dropped out in 1907 after he passed the New York State Bar exam. add something


William Jennings Bryan - His party nominated Bourbon Democrat Alton B. Parker in 1904, who lost to Roosevelt


William Howard Taft - In 1904, Roosevelt appointed Taft as Secretary of War. This appointment allowed Taft to remain involved in the Philippines and Roosevelt assured Taft he would support his later appointment to the Court, while Taft agreed to support Roosevelt in the Presidential election of 1904.


William Howard Taft - Roosevelt made the basic policy decisions regarding military affairs, using Taft as a well-traveled spokesman who campaigned for Roosevelt's reelection in 1904.


William Howard Taft - This appointment allowed Taft to remain involved in the Philippines and Roosevelt assured Taft he would support his later appointment to the Court, while Taft agreed to support Roosevelt in the Presidential election of 1904.


Sumner Welles - He served as a page at Franklin D. Roosevelt's wedding to Eleanor in March 1905 at the age of 12


William Howard Taft - In 1906, President Roosevelt sent troops to restore order in Cuba during the revolt led by General Enrique Loynaz del Castillo, and Taft temporarily became the Civil Governor of Cuba, personally negotiating with Castillo for a peaceful end to the revolt.


William Howard Taft - Taft indicated to Roosevelt he wanted to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, not President, but there was no vacancy and Roosevelt had other plans – in 1907 he began touting Taft as the best choice for the Presidential nomination by the party.


In 1908, he took a job with the prestigious Wall Street firm of Carter Ledyard & Milburn, dealing mainly with corporate law. add something


In the State election of 1910, Roosevelt ran for the New York State Senate from the district around Hyde Park in Dutchess County, which had not elected a Democrat since 1884. add something


William Howard Taft - The results of the 1910 elections made it clear to the President that Roosevelt had departed his camp, and that he might even contend for the party nomination in 1912.


Henry Howe who ran his campaign, he was re-elected for a second term in the State election of 1912, and served as chairman of the Agriculture Committee. add something


Warren G. Harding - In 1912, Harding gave the nominating speech for incumbent President William Howard Taft, who would later serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during Harding's administration, at the embattled Republican National Convention in Chicago – before he completed his introduction, a fist fight ensued between the Taft supporters and the more progressive Roosevelt faction, but the speech was quite a personal success.


William Howard Taft - While the strife during the election of 1912 devastated the once very close friendship between Taft and Theodore Roosevelt, the two eventually did reconcile not long before Roosevelt's death in 1919.


In 1914, Roosevelt made an ill-conceived decision to run for the U.S. Senate seat for New York. add something


Roosevelt allegedly had affairs outside his marriage, including one with Eleanor's social secretary Lucy Mercer which began soon after she was hired in early 1914. add something


Roosevelt was a strong supporter of scouting, beginning in 1915. add something


In March 1917, after Germany initiated its submarine warfare campaign, Roosevelt asked Wilson for permission, which was denied, to fit the naval fleet out for war. add something


During these war years, Roosevelt acted to make peace with the Tammany Hall forces, and in 1918 the group actually supported others in an unsuccessful attempt to convince him to run for governor of New York. add something


In 1918, he visited Britain and France to inspect American naval facilities; during this visit he met Winston Churchill for the first time. add something


With the end of World War I in November 1918, Roosevelt was in charge of demobilization, although he opposed plans to completely dismantle the Navy. add something


In 1919, Roosevelt came under fire from newspapers in Newport, Rhode Island over his handling of what came to be known as the Newport sex scandal. add something


Read and his crew on their historic crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in the NC-4 in May 1919. add something


In July 1920, overshadowed by the Newport sex scandal and its coverage in the Providence Journal and New York Times, Roosevelt resigned as Assistant Secretary of the Navy to run for Vice President. add something


Wheelchair photo of FDRIn August 1921, while the Roosevelts were vacationing at Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada, Roosevelt contracted an illness diagnosed as polio which resulted in permanent paralysis from the waist down; this diagnosis has since been questioned. add something


Dept. add something


He helped Alfred E. Smith win the election for governor of New York in 1922, and was even a strong supporter of Smith against his cousin, Republican Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. in 1924. add something


He tried a wide range of therapies, including hydrotherapy, and, in 1926, he purchased a resort at Warm Springs, Georgia, where he founded a hydrotherapy center for the treatment of polio patients which still operates as the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation. add something


Herbert Hoover - From New Day to New Deal: American Farm Policy from Hoover to Roosevelt, 1928–1933.


John L. Lewis - Lewis supported Republican Herbert Hoover for president in 1928; in 1932 as the Great Depression bore brutally on the mining camps, he officially backed Hoover but quietly supported Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt


Al Smith - Some political scientists believe that the 1928 election started a voter realignment that helped develop the New Deal coalition of Franklin D. Roosevelt


Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945. add something


Industrial production had fallen by more than half since 1929. add something


In May 1930, as he began his run for a second term, Roosevelt reiterated his doctrine from the campaign two years before: "that progressive government by its very terms, must be a living and growing thing, that the battle for it is never ending and that if we let up for one single moment or one single year, not merely do we stand still but we fall back in the march of civilization. add something


Herbert Hoover - Following the release in 1930 of the Clark Memorandum, Hoover began formulating what would become Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy.


Walter Winchell - He was a staunch supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal throughout the Depression era, and frequently served as the Roosevelt Administration's mouthpiece in favor of interventionism as the European war crisis loomed in the late 1930s


Pierre Laval - His optimism was such a contrast to his grim-sounding international contemporaries that "Time" magazine made him their 1931 Man of the Year, an honour never bestowed on a Frenchman before, following Mohandas K. Gandhi and preceding Franklin D. Roosevelt


FDR - Day of Infamy video clip (2 min. add something


FDR systematically undercut prominent Democrats who were angling for the nomination, including two cabinet members, Secretary of State Cordell Hull and James Farley, Roosevelt's campaign manager in 1932 and 1936, Postmaster General and Democratic Party chairman. add something


Al Smith - After losing the nomination, Smith eventually campaigned for Roosevelt in 1932, giving a particularly important speech on behalf of the Democratic nominee at Boston on October 27 in which he "pulled out all the stops


Hiram Johnson - During the early presidency of Franklin Roosevelt, Johnson supported the president's economic recovery package, the New Deal, frequently crossing the floor to aid the Democrats and even backing FDR in the 1932 and 1936 presidential elections, although he never switched party affiliation


Newton D. Baker - He remained active in Democratic Party affairs and was considered as a serious prospect for the Democratic nomination for President in 1932, when he declined to announce his candidacy, but worked behind the scenes in the hope of being chosen if Franklin D. Roosevelt should fail to win the nomination


William Randolph Hearst - Hearst's support for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the 1932 Democratic National Convention, via his allies William Gibbs McAdoo and John Nance Garner, can be seen as part of his vendetta against Smith, who was an opponent of Roosevelt's at that convention


William Randolph Hearst - In 1932, he was a major supporter of Roosevelt


Al Smith - James A. Farley left Smith's camp to run Franklin D. Roosevelt's successful campaign for Governor and later Roosevelt's successful campaigns for the Presidency in 1932 and 1936


Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. - Kennedy's first major involvement in a national political campaign was his support in 1932 for Franklin D. Roosevelt's bid for the Presidency


Billy Mitchell - Mitchell viewed the election of his one-time antagonist Franklin D. Roosevelt as advantageous for air power, and met with him early in 1932 to brief him on his concepts for a unification of the military in a Department of Defense that intrigued and interested Roosevelt


Al Smith - Smith attempted the 1932 nomination but was defeated by his former ally and successor as New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt


John L. Lewis - With the support of the AFL and the UMWA, Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated and elected President in 1932, and Lewis benefited from the New Deal programs that followed


Reform of the economy was the goal of the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933. add something


Roosevelt and Hoover on Inauguration Day, 1933. add something


In February 1933, Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt by Giuseppe_Zangara (whose shots killed Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak sitting alongside). add something


In June 1933 Roosevelt restored $50 million in pension payments, and Congress added another $46 million more. add something


Harry S. Truman - In 1933 Truman was named Missouri's director for the Federal Re-Employment program at the request of Postmaster General James Farley as payback to Pendergast for delivering the Kansas City vote to Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election.


Smedley Butler - In 1933, he became involved in a controversy known as the Business Plot, when he told a congressional committee that a group of wealthy industrialists were planning a military coup to overthrow Franklin D. Roosevelt


William Dodd (ambassador) - President Roosevelt offered Dodd the position on June 8, 1933, and sent the Senate his nomination to be U.S. Ambassador to Germany on June 10, 1933


Employees have been mislaid: or, an Explanation of Unemployment, 1934–1941. add something


However, this was soon seen to be a mistake and most benefits were restored or increased by 1934. add something


In 1934, the Securities and Exchange Commission was created to regulate Wall Street, with 1932 campaign fundraiser Joseph P. Kennedy in charge. add something


Francis Biddle - In 1934 President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated him to be chairman of the National Labor Relations Board


William O. Douglas - In 1934, he left Yale to join the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission , having been nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt


Milton Friedman - Friedman was initially unable to find academic employment, so during 1935, he followed his friend W. Allen Wallis to Washington, where Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was "a lifesaver" for many young economists


Happy Chandler - When Laffoon traveled to meet with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D. C. on February 6, 1935, Chandler used his authority to call the legislature into session to consider a bill requiring that each party's gubernatorial candidates be chosen by a primary rather than a nominating convention


By contrast, the labor unions, energized by the Wagner Act, signed up millions of new members and became a major backer of Roosevelt's reelections in 1936, 1940 and 1944. add something


France and the Coming of the Second World War 1936–1939. add something


John L. Lewis - A leading liberal, he played a major role in helping Franklin D. Roosevelt win a landslide in 1936, but as an isolationist broke with Roosevelt in 1940 on foreign policy


William Dodd (ambassador) - Following a U.S. vacation of several months in 1936, Dodd devoted the fall to testing German reaction to a personal meeting between Roosevelt and Hitler, an initiative the President proposed, or a world peace conference


Fiorello La Guardia - He ran as the nominee of the American Labor Party, a union-dominated anti-Tammany left-wing group that supported Franklin D. Roosevelt for president beginning in 1936


Frank Knox - He was the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, and Secretary of the Navy under Franklin D. Roosevelt during most of World War II


William Randolph Hearst - His newspaper audience was the same working class that Roosevelt swept by three-to-one margins in the 1936 election


Herbert Hoover - In 1936, Hoover entertained hopes of receiving the Republican presidential nomination again, and thus facing Roosevelt in a rematch.


Orson Welles - In 1936, the Federal Theatre Project (part of Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration) put unemployed theater performers and employees to work.


Walter Mondale - The result was the worst electoral college defeat for any Democratic Party candidate in history, and the worst for any major-party candidate since Alf Landon's loss to Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936


William Dodd (ambassador) - After a series of rebuffs, Dodd produced a report for the State Department dated November 28, 1936, which Assistant Secretary Moore commended and forwarded to Roosevelt


Franklin Roosevelt and the Great Constitutional War: The Court-Packing Crisis of 1937. add something


Japan had annexed both Manchuria and Korea by 1937. add something


Roosevelt did not raise income taxes before World War II began; however payroll taxes were introduced to fund the new Social Security program in 1937. add something


Roosevelt stunned Congress in early 1937 by proposing a law allowing him to appoint up to six new justices, what he referred to as a "persistent infusion of new blood. add something


There was the Housing Act of 1937, a second Agricultural Adjustment Act and the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, which created the minimum wage. add something


Wallace as Vice President in place of the conservative Texan John Nance Garner, who had become a bitter enemy of Roosevelt after 1937. add something


When the economy began to deteriorate again in late 1937, Roosevelt asked Congress for $5 billion in WPA relief and public works funding. add something


In October 1937, he gave the Quarantine Speech aiming to contain aggressor nations. add something


Jean Harlow - Harlow was a registered Democrat and visited Franklin D. Roosevelt on the occasion of his birthday during 1937


Sumner Welles - He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served as Under Secretary of State from 1937 to 1943, during FDR's presidency


William Dodd (ambassador) - In 1937, Dodd stepped down as Ambassador in Berlin and President Roosevelt appointed Hugh Wilson, a senior professional diplomat, to replace him


William Dodd (ambassador) - President Roosevelt, reacting to complaints about Dodd's effectiveness as well as his health, notified the State Department in April 1937 that he was prepared to see Dodd's tenure end September 1


Roosevelt; public material only; covers 1928–1945. add something


Robert M. La Follette, Jr. - He supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt and most New Deal legislation until the passage of the 1938 naval expansion bill


John F. Kennedy - In June 1938, Kennedy sailed overseas with his father and brother Joe to work with his father, who was Franklin D. Roosevelt's U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's, at the American embassy in London.


Roosevelt said in 1939 that France and Britain were America's "first line of defence" and needed American aid, but because of widespread isolationist sentiment he reiterated the U.S. would not itself go to war. add something


When World War II broke out in 1939, Roosevelt rejected the Wilsonian neutrality stance and sought ways to assist Britain and France militarily. add something


When Congress reconvened in 1939, Republicans under Senator Robert Taft formed a Conservative coalition with Southern Democrats, virtually ending Roosevelt's ability to get his domestic proposals enacted into law. add something


Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother - In June 1939, Elizabeth and her husband toured Canada from coast to coast and back, and visited the United States, spending time with President Roosevelt at the White House and his Hudson Valley estate


Enrico Fermi - In August 1939 Leo Szilard prepared and Albert Einstein signed the famous letter warning President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the probability that the Nazis were planning to build an atomic bomb.


Eugene Wigner - Although he was a professed political amateur, on August 2, 1939, he introduced Leó Szilárd to Albert Einstein for a meeting that resulted in the Einstein-Szilard letter which urged President Franklin D. Roosevelt to initiate US research of atomic bombs


The issue of desegregating the armed forces did not arise, but in 1940 Roosevelt appointed Hastie to be a civilian aide to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. add something


Wilson ultimately approved this by executive order, and a precedent was set for this action in 1940. add something


Most of the aircraft ordered had not arrived in France by the time of its collapse in May 1940, so Roosevelt arranged in June 1940 for French orders to be sold to the British. add something


Roosevelt forged a close personal relationship with Churchill, who became Prime Minister of Britain in May 1940. add something


In July 1940, FDR appointed two interventionist Republican leaders, Henry L. Stimson and Frank Knox, as Secretaries of War and the Navy respectively. add something


Soong May-ling - After losing to President Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 US election, Republican candidate Wendell Willkie set out to travel the world in service to the US. During his visit to China, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek and Willkie took an interest in each other


Frederick Cook - He was pardoned by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940, shortly before his death on August 5 of that year.


Winston Churchill - It was for this reason that Churchill was relieved when Roosevelt was re-elected in 1940.


Fiorello La Guardia - LaGuardia supported Roosevelt, chairing the Independent Committee for Roosevelt and Wallace with Senator George Norris during the 1940 presidential election


Vannevar Bush - He had the secretary of NACA prepare a draft of the proposed National Defense Research Committee to be presented to Congress, but after the Germans invaded France in May 1940, Bush decided speed was important and approached President Franklin D. Roosevelt directly


Vannevar Bush - Through the president's uncle, Frederic Delano, Bush managed to set up a meeting with Roosevelt on June 12, 1940, to which he brought a single sheet of paper describing the agency


William Lyon Mackenzie King - King linked Canada more and more closely to the United States, signing an agreement with Roosevelt at Ogdensburg, New York, New York in August 1940 that provided for the close cooperation of Canadian and American forces, despite the fact that the U.S. remained officially neutral until the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941


By 1941, unemployment had fallen to under 1 million. add something


Congress voted to commit to spend $50 billion on military supplies from 1941 to 1945. add something


Roosevelt signing the declaration of war against Japan, December 8, 1941. add something


Roosevelt's proposal to expand the court failed, nevertheless by 1941 Roosevelt had appointed eight of the nine justices of the court which began to ratify his policies. add something


The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman, and the destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941–1945. add something


The home was owned by Roosevelt's mother until her death in 1941 and was very much her home as well. add something


Until late in 1941, FDR refused Churchill's urgent requests for armed escort of ships bound for Britain, insisting on a more passive patrolling function in the western Atlantic. add something


Congress, where isolationist sentiment was waning, passed the Lend-Lease Act in March 1941, allowing the U.S. to give Britain, China and later the Soviet Union military supplies. add something


When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Roosevelt agreed to extend Lend-Lease to the Soviets. add something


Winston Churchill - Churchill's good relationship with Franklin D. Roosevelt secured vital food, oil and munitions via the North Atlantic shipping routes.


World War II - From 1941, Stalin persistently asked Churchill, and Roosevelt, to open a 'second front' in France


Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. - In 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed him a special envoy to South America


Fiorello La Guardia - In 1941, during the run-up to American involvement in World War II, President Roosevelt appointed LaGuardia first director of the new Office of Civilian Defense


Charles Lindbergh - Although Lindbergh was a leader in the anti-war America First movement, he nevertheless strongly supported the war effort after Pearl Harbor and flew many combat missions in the Pacific Theater of World War II as a civilian consultant even though President Franklin D. Roosevelt had refused to reinstate his Army Air Corps colonel's commission that he had resigned in April 1941


Vannevar Bush - On June 28, 1941, Roosevelt established the Office of Scientific Research and Development with the signing of Executive Order 8807


Vannevar Bush - At the meeting with Roosevelt on October 9, 1941, Bush advocated cooperating with the United Kingdom, and he began corresponding with his British counterpart, Sir John Anderson


In 1942 Roosevelt set up a new military command structure with Admiral Ernest J. King as Chief of Naval Operations in complete control of the Navy and Marines, General George C. Marshall in charge of the Army, and in nominal control of the Air Force, which in practice was commanded by General Hap Arnold. add something


In 1942, war production increased dramatically, but fell short of the goals established by the President, due in part to manpower shortages. add something


Public opinion, however, gave priority to the destruction of Japan, so American forces were sent chiefly to the Pacific in 1942. add something


In the opening weeks of the war, Japan had conquered the Philippines, Indonesia and the British colonies in Southeast Asia, capturing Singapore in February 1942. add something


The Allies undertook the invasions of French Morocco and Algeria in November 1942. add something


Lyndon B. Johnson - In the spring of 1942, President Roosevelt needed his own reports on what conditions were like in the Southwest Pacific.


Vannevar Bush - Bush sent a report to Roosevelt in March 1942


Richard K. Sutherland - In March 1942, MacArthur was ordered by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to relocate to Australia


By late 1943, it was apparent that the Allies would ultimately defeat the enemy so it became increasingly important to make high-level political decisions about the course of the war and the postwar future of Europe. add something


The program planned to dramatically increase aid to the Allied nations and to have ten million men in arms, half of whom would be ready for deployment abroad in 1943. add something


To fund the war, Congress broadened the base so that almost every employee paid federal income taxes, and introduced withholding taxes in 1943. add something


Later, their assault pursued into $Sicily followed in July 1943, and of Italy in September 1943. add something


Roosevelt met with Churchill and the Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek at the Cairo Conference in November 1943, and went to the Tehran Conference to confer with Churchill and Stalin. add something


Joseph Stalin - In 1943, Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt in the Tehran Conference.


Charles de Gaulle - As early as May 1943, the US Secretary of State Cordell Hull had written to Roosevelt urging him of need to take action to attempt to kerb the rise of Communism in France.


Joseph Stalin - In November 1943, Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt in Tehran.


Eisenhower, and not George Marshall, to head the Allied cross-channel invasion, Operation Overlord that began on D-Day, June 6, 1944. add something


However, Roosevelt saw the New Deal policies as central to his legacy, and in his 1944 State of the Union Address, he advocated that Americans should think of basic economic rights as a Second Bill of Rights. add something


Roosevelt, who turned 62 in 1944, had been in declining health since at least 1940. add something


The effort was hindered by numerous strikes by union workers, especially in the coal mining and railroad industries, which lasted well into 1944. add something


The strategic bombing campaign was escalated in 1944, pulverizing all major German cities and cutting off oil supplies. add something


Noticeably fatigued, in March 1944, he went to Bethesda Hospital for tests, the results of which were startling. add something


Some of the most costly battles of the war ensued after the invasion, and the Allies were blocked on the German border in the "Battle of the Bulge" in December 1944. add something


Charles de Gaulle - with the president, de Gaulle became angry, demanding to know why he should "lodge my candidacy for power in France with Roosevelt; the French government exists".


Winston Churchill - At the Second Quebec Conference in 1944 he drafted and, together with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed a toned-down version of the original Morgenthau Plan, in which they pledged to convert Germany after its unconditional surrender "into a country primarily agricultural and pastoral in its character.


Harry S. Truman - Following months of uncertainty over whether Vice President Henry Wallace would continue as Roosevelt's running mate in 1944, Truman was ultimately selected to replace him as the vice presidential candidate in a deal worked out by Hannegan, who was Democratic National Chairman that year.


Mike Mansfield - He went to China on a special mission for President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, and served as a delegate to the ninth Inter-American Conference in Colombia in 1948


Harry S. Truman - His nomination was well received, and the Roosevelt–Truman ticket went on to a 432–99 electoral-vote victory in the 1944 presidential election, defeating Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York and Governor John Bricker of Ohio.


Frank Sinatra - In 1944, after sending a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Sinatra was invited to meet Roosevelt at the White House, where he agreed to become part of the Democratic party's voter registration drives.


William O. Douglas - When, in early 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided not to actively support the renomination of Vice President Henry A. Wallace at the party's national convention, a shortlist of possible replacements was drafted


Niels Bohr - Bohr's friend Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter informed President Roosevelt about Bohr's opinions, and a meeting between them was organised 26 August 1944.


Joseph Stilwell - On October 19, 1944, Stilwell was recalled from his command by President Franklin D. Roosevelt


Chiang Kai-shek - This was meant to fulfill President Roosevelt's promise to Chiang Kai-shek to begin bombing operations against Japan by November 1944


Veterans groups like the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars won their campaign to transform their benefits from payments due in 1945 to immediate cash when Congress overrode the President's veto and passed the Bonus Act in January 1936. add something

Franklin D. Roosevelt died in 1945 add something


Herbert Hoover - He outlived both Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt who died in 1945 and 1962, respectively.


Faisal of Saudi Arabia - It is argued that the US began to raise the issue of slavery after the meeting between King Abdulaziz and US president Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945 and that John F. Kennedy finally persuaded the House of Saud to abolish slavery in 1962


Harry S. Truman - Truman had been vice president for only 82 days when President Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945.


Charles de Gaulle - At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Churchill and Roosevelt agreed that Poland should be ruled by the Lublin Committee and that she should give Russia her eastern lands in return for German territory.


Charles de Gaulle - Soon after, on 12 April 1945, Roosevelt died, and despite their uneasy relationship de Gaulle declared a week of mourning in France and forwarded an emotional and concillitory letter to the new American President Harry S. Truman, in which he said of Roosevelt, "all of France loved him".


Adolf Hitler - Franklin D. Roosevelt died on 12 April 1945. This buoyed Hitler's hope to negotiate peace with America and Britain.


Paul Robeson - In 1948, Robeson was preeminent in the campaign to elect Progressive Party presidential candidate Henry A. Wallace, who had served as Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt


Harry S. Truman - In 1954, Eleanor Roosevelt said that Truman had "made the only decision he could," and that the bomb's use was necessary "to avoid tremendous sacrifice of American lives.


Albert Einstein - In 1954, a year before his death, Einstein said to his old friend, Linus Pauling, "I made one great mistake in my life — when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification — the danger that the Germans would make them.


However, his age at onset and the majority of symptoms of his illness are more consistent with a diagnosis of Guillain–Barre syndrome. add something


John F. Kennedy - He never indicated how he would have voted, but the episode damaged Kennedy's support in the liberal community, including Eleanor Roosevelt, in the 1956 and 1960 elections.


Despite this, FDR's affair was not widely known until the 1960s add something


This coalition, frequently referred to as the New Deal coalition, remained largely intact for the Democratic Party until the 1960s add something


Frank Sinatra - Sinatra, pictured here with Eleanor Roosevelt in 1960, was an ardent supporter of the Democratic Party until 1970.


Eleanor, who died in November 1962, was buried next to him add something


Francis Biddle - His final position came as chairman of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial Commission, which he resigned in 1965


Roosevelt was honored by the United States Postal Service with a Prominent Americans series 6¢ postage stamp, issue of 1966 add something


William Lyon Mackenzie King - In 1998, there was controversy over King's exclusion from a memorial to the Quebec Conference, which was attended by King, Roosevelt, and Churchill


Reflecting on Roosevelt's presidency, "which brought the United States through the Great Depression and World War II to a prosperous future", said FDR's biographer Jean Edward Smith in 2007, "He lifted himself from a wheelchair to lift the nation from its knees add something


Two are at the Roosevelt Memorial, one of FDR sitting in a chair with small wheels - mostly obscured by his cape, another of FDR in a wheelchair at the entrance to the memorial; a third statue, unveiled in April 2008, is part of the "Paseo de los Presidentes" on the south side of Puerto Rico's Capitol Building, which honors the nine presidents who have visited the U.S. territory while in office add something


Published by: American Economic Association, accessed 21 September 2015 add something