Knowledge Identifier: +Franklin_D._Roosevelt
In 1902, he met his future wife Eleanor Roosevelt, Theodore's niece, at a White House reception.
William Howard Taft - In 1904, Roosevelt appointed Taft as Secretary of War. This appointment allowed Taft to remain involved in the Philippines and Roosevelt assured Taft he would support his later appointment to the Court, while Taft agreed to support Roosevelt in the Presidential election of 1904.
Sumner Welles - He served as a page at Franklin D. Roosevelt's wedding to Eleanor in March 1905 at the age of 12
In 1908, he took a job with the prestigious Wall Street firm of Carter Ledyard & Milburn, dealing mainly with corporate law.
In the State election of 1910, Roosevelt ran for the New York State Senate from the district around Hyde Park in Dutchess County, which had not elected a Democrat since 1884.
Warren G. Harding - In 1912, Harding gave the nominating speech for incumbent President William Howard Taft, who would later serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during Harding's administration, at the embattled Republican National Convention in Chicago before he completed his introduction, a fist fight ensued between the Taft supporters and the more progressive Roosevelt faction, but the speech was quite a personal success.
In 1914, Roosevelt made an ill-conceived decision to run for the U.S. Senate seat for New York.
In March 1917, after Germany initiated its submarine warfare campaign, Roosevelt asked Wilson for permission, which was denied, to fit the naval fleet out for war.
In 1919, Roosevelt came under fire from newspapers in Newport, Rhode Island over his handling of what came to be known as the Newport sex scandal.
Wheelchair photo of FDRIn August 1921, while the Roosevelts were vacationing at Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada, Roosevelt contracted an illness diagnosed as polio which resulted in permanent paralysis from the waist down; this diagnosis has since been questioned.
He tried a wide range of therapies, including hydrotherapy, and, in 1926, he purchased a resort at Warm Springs, Georgia, where he founded a hydrotherapy center for the treatment of polio patients which still operates as the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation.
Al Smith - Some political scientists believe that the 1928 election started a voter realignment that helped develop the New Deal coalition of Franklin D. Roosevelt
In May 1930, as he began his run for a second term, Roosevelt reiterated his doctrine from the campaign two years before: "that progressive government by its very terms, must be a living and growing thing, that the battle for it is never ending and that if we let up for one single moment or one single year, not merely do we stand still but we fall back in the march of civilization.
Walter Winchell - He was a staunch supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal throughout the Depression era, and frequently served as the Roosevelt Administration's mouthpiece in favor of interventionism as the European war crisis loomed in the late 1930s
Pierre Laval - His optimism was such a contrast to his grim-sounding international contemporaries that "Time" magazine made him their 1931 Man of the Year, an honour never bestowed on a Frenchman before, following Mohandas K. Gandhi and preceding Franklin D. Roosevelt
Hiram Johnson - During the early presidency of Franklin Roosevelt, Johnson supported the president's economic recovery package, the New Deal, frequently crossing the floor to aid the Democrats and even backing FDR in the 1932 and 1936 presidential elections, although he never switched party affiliation
Newton D. Baker - He remained active in Democratic Party affairs and was considered as a serious prospect for the Democratic nomination for President in 1932, when he declined to announce his candidacy, but worked behind the scenes in the hope of being chosen if Franklin D. Roosevelt should fail to win the nomination
Al Smith - James A. Farley left Smith's camp to run Franklin D. Roosevelt's successful campaign for Governor and later Roosevelt's successful campaigns for the Presidency in 1932 and 1936
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. - Kennedy's first major involvement in a national political campaign was his support in 1932 for Franklin D. Roosevelt's bid for the Presidency
Billy Mitchell - Mitchell viewed the election of his one-time antagonist Franklin D. Roosevelt as advantageous for air power, and met with him early in 1932 to brief him on his concepts for a unification of the military in a Department of Defense that intrigued and interested Roosevelt
Al Smith - Smith attempted the 1932 nomination but was defeated by his former ally and successor as New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt
John L. Lewis - With the support of the AFL and the UMWA, Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated and elected President in 1932, and Lewis benefited from the New Deal programs that followed
Smedley Butler - In 1933, he became involved in a controversy known as the Business Plot, when he told a congressional committee that a group of wealthy industrialists were planning a military coup to overthrow Franklin D. Roosevelt
William O. Douglas - In 1934, he left Yale to join the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission , having been nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Happy Chandler - When Laffoon traveled to meet with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D. C. on February 6, 1935, Chandler used his authority to call the legislature into session to consider a bill requiring that each party's gubernatorial candidates be chosen by a primary rather than a nominating convention
John L. Lewis - A leading liberal, he played a major role in helping Franklin D. Roosevelt win a landslide in 1936, but as an isolationist broke with Roosevelt in 1940 on foreign policy
Walter Mondale - The result was the worst electoral college defeat for any Democratic Party candidate in history, and the worst for any major-party candidate since Alf Landon's loss to Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936
Jean Harlow - Harlow was a registered Democrat and visited Franklin D. Roosevelt on the occasion of his birthday during 1937
Sumner Welles - He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served as Under Secretary of State from 1937 to 1943, during FDR's presidency
Robert M. La Follette, Jr. - He supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt and most New Deal legislation until the passage of the 1938 naval expansion bill
Roosevelt said in 1939 that France and Britain were America's "first line of defence" and needed American aid, but because of widespread isolationist sentiment he reiterated the U.S. would not itself go to war.
Frederick Cook - He was pardoned by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940, shortly before his death on August 5 of that year.
William Lyon Mackenzie King - King linked Canada more and more closely to the United States, signing an agreement with Roosevelt at Ogdensburg, New York, New York in August 1940 that provided for the close cooperation of Canadian and American forces, despite the fact that the U.S. remained officially neutral until the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
Winston Churchill - Churchill's good relationship with Franklin D. Roosevelt secured vital food, oil and munitions via the North Atlantic shipping routes.
Charles Lindbergh - Although Lindbergh was a leader in the anti-war America First movement, he nevertheless strongly supported the war effort after Pearl Harbor and flew many combat missions in the Pacific Theater of World War II as a civilian consultant even though President Franklin D. Roosevelt had refused to reinstate his Army Air Corps colonel's commission that he had resigned in April 1941
In 1942 Roosevelt set up a new military command structure with Admiral Ernest J. King as Chief of Naval Operations in complete control of the Navy and Marines, General George C. Marshall in charge of the Army, and in nominal control of the Air Force, which in practice was commanded by General Hap Arnold.
Winston Churchill - At the Second Quebec Conference in 1944 he drafted and, together with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed a toned-down version of the original Morgenthau Plan, in which they pledged to convert Germany after its unconditional surrender "into a country primarily agricultural and pastoral in its character.
Harry S. Truman - Following months of uncertainty over whether Vice President Henry Wallace would continue as Roosevelt's running mate in 1944, Truman was ultimately selected to replace him as the vice presidential candidate in a deal worked out by Hannegan, who was Democratic National Chairman that year.
William O. Douglas - When, in early 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt decided not to actively support the renomination of Vice President Henry A. Wallace at the party's national convention, a shortlist of possible replacements was drafted
Joseph Stilwell - On October 19, 1944, Stilwell was recalled from his command by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Charles de Gaulle - Soon after, on 12 April 1945, Roosevelt died, and despite their uneasy relationship de Gaulle declared a week of mourning in France and forwarded an emotional and concillitory letter to the new American President Harry S. Truman, in which he said of Roosevelt, "all of France loved him".
Adolf Hitler - Franklin D. Roosevelt died on 12 April 1945. This buoyed Hitler's hope to negotiate peace with America and Britain.
Paul Robeson - In 1948, Robeson was preeminent in the campaign to elect Progressive Party presidential candidate Henry A. Wallace, who had served as Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt
Albert Einstein - In 1954, a year before his death, Einstein said to his old friend, Linus Pauling, "I made one great mistake in my life when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification the danger that the Germans would make them.
Francis Biddle - His final position came as chairman of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial Commission, which he resigned in 1965
Two are at the Roosevelt Memorial, one of FDR sitting in a chair with small wheels - mostly obscured by his cape, another of FDR in a wheelchair at the entrance to the memorial; a third statue, unveiled in April 2008, is part of the "Paseo de los Presidentes" on the south side of Puerto Rico's Capitol Building, which honors the nine presidents who have visited the U.S. territory while in office