Friedrich Ebert

Knowledge Identifier: +Friedrich_Ebert

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Friedrich Ebert

German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Deutschland add

Category: Politics

Born in 1871.

Countries: Germany (90%), Russia (5%), Austria (5%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Paul von Hindenburg, Walter Simons, Otto Landsberg

Linked to: Social Democratic Party of Germany, Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany, Centre Party, Communist Party of Germany

 

Timeline


 

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Friedrich Ebert was born in 1871 add something


1893

There he became interested in the agitation of the Social Democratic Party, obtained in 1893 an editorial post on the socialist "Bremer Volkszeitung" and in 1900 was appointed a trade-union secretary and ultimately elected a member of the Bremen Bürgerschaft as representative of the Social Democratic Party add something


1905

He became a leader of the "moderate" wing of the Social Democratic Party, becoming Secretary-General in 1905, and party chairman in 1913 add something


1912

In 1912 he was elected as a Member of the Reichstag for the constituency of Elberfeld-Barmen add something


1914

In August 1914, Ebert led the party to vote almost unanimously in favour of war loans, accepting that the war was a necessary patriotic, defensive measure, especially against the autocratic regime of the Tsar in Russia add something


1916

For similar reasons several left-wing members of parliament had already distanced themselves from the party in 1916 add something


1917

The alleged proof of this "Dolchstoßlegende" was found in a number of strikes during 1917 and 1918 which had partly disrupted production in the Imperial German armaments industry add something

 

The party's stance, under the leadership of Ebert and other "moderates" like Philipp Scheidemann, in favour of the war with the aim of a compromise peace, eventually led to a split, with those radically opposed to the war leaving the S.P.D. in early 1917 to form the U.S.P.D add something


1918

When it became clear that the war was lost, a new government was formed by Prince Maximilian of Baden which included Ebert and other members of the S.P.D. in October 1918 add something

 

In November 1918, a delegation of members of parliament represented Germany in the ceasefire negotiations at the request of the military leadership after the generals had decided that the war could no longer be won add something

 

Ludwig Kaas - Despite personal reservations towards the Social Democrats , he developed a cordial relationship with President Friedrich Ebert and willingly acknowledged the SPD's accomplishments after 1918


1919

After the war and the end of the monarchy he served as the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office add something

 

On February eleventh, 1919, five days after the Constituent Assembly convened in Weimar, Ebert was elected to be the first president of the German Republic add something

 

Johann Heinrich von Bernstorff - Bernstorff was proposed as Foreign minister in Friedrich Ebert's Cabinet in 1919, but he refused this post and left diplomatic service

 

Eugen Levine - As the German president Friedrich Ebert gave orders to subdue the Soviet Republic and reinstate the Bavarian government under Johannes Hoffmann, the Red Guards executed eight hostages on 29 April 1919


1920

In 1920, the German workers protected his government from the right-wing Kapp Putsch of some Freikorps elements by means of a nation-wide general strike add something


1924

Otto Landsberg - In the beginning of 1924, he moved it to Berlin , pleading the case for Friedrich Ebert in one of his defamation suits surrounding the Dolchstosslegende in 1925


Friedrich Ebert died in 1925 add something

 

He became acutely ill in mid-February 1925, from what was believed to be influenza add something

 

While the S.P.D. recognizes him as one of the founders and keepers of German democracy whose death in office in February 1925 was a great loss, communists and others on the left argue that he paved the way for national socialism by supporting the "Freikorps" and their suppression of violent communistic uprisings add something

 

Hermann Maas - Maas, who had decidedly liberal and pacifist views, caused a scandal in 1925 by attending the funeral of social democratic Reichspräsident Friedrich Ebert

 

Karl Erb - During the voyage home in March 1925, news came to the ship that Friedrich Ebert had died - and for the first time Adolf Hitler spoke again openly in Munich

 

Walter Simons - As such, following the death of Friedrich Ebert in February, 1925 he temporarily acted as head of state of the Weimar Republic from 12 March 1925 until 12 May 1925 when the next president, Paul von Hindenburg, assumed office


1930

Hans Rothfels - The historian Heinrich August Winkler has strongly criticized Haar, who had erroneously used a radio address Rothfels gave in 1930 praising Friedrich Ebert, Gustav_Stresemann, and Paul von Hindenburg as great German leaders as a proof for Rothfels' support of Hitler


1962

Rosa Luxemburg - In an interview given to the German news magazine "Der Spiegel" in 1962 and again in his memoirs, Pabst maintained that two SPD leaders, defense minister Gustav Noske and chancellor Friedrich Ebert, had approved of his actions


1997

" Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München 1997, add something


2002

" Hohenheim Verlag, Stuttgart/Leipzig 2002, add something


2005

" Stiftung Reichspräsident-Friedrich-Ebert-Gedenkstätte, Heidelberg 2005, add something