Gaza War

Knowledge Identifier: !Gaza_War


Gaza War

three-week armed conflict in the Gaza Strip between Israel and Palestinian militants that began on 27 December 2008 and ended on 18 January 2009 in a unilateral ceasefireadd

Category: Military

Activity starting in 1860.

Countries: Israel (39%), (16%), United States (14%)

Main connections: Hamas, Richard Goldstone, Gilad Shalit

Linked to: Shin Bet, Palestinian National Authority, Hamas, Fatah




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John Greyson - He cited Israel's Gaza War and the expansion of settlements as reasons for his withdrawal, accusing the festival of: "an ostrich-like indifference to the realities of the region", and comparing the Spotlight on Tel Aviv to "celebrating Montgomery buses in 1963


Israel used the 2000-pound Mark 84 Joint Direct Attack Munition to attack buildings and tunnels along the Gaza-Sinai border add something


In the month prior to the 4th of November, Israel-Palestinian violence fell to its lowest level since the start of the al-Aqsa intifada in September 2000 add something


According to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, between 2005 and 2008, 116 Israelis, including civilians and Israeli security forces, which includes Israeli police, Israeli Border Police and members of the armed services, were killed in both Israel and the Palestinian Territories in "direct conflict related incidents" and 1,509 were injured add something


Between 2005 and 2007, Palestinian groups in Gaza fired about 2,700 locally made Qassam rockets into Israel, killing four Israeli civilians and injuring 75 others add something


Michael Oren - Gaza War - He served as an officer in the IDF Spokesman's Office during the 2006 Lebanon War. and the 2008-2009 Gaza War


Following Hamas's electoral victory in the January 2006 legislative elections and formation of the Hamas-led PA government on March add something


Ehud Olmert stated that Israel would not agree to a long term truce or lift the blockade on Gaza without the freeing of Gilad Shalit, an IDF soldier held captive in Gaza since June 2006 add something


Palestinian territories - In October 2006 Israel imposed a 6-mile limit, and at the conclusion of the Gaza War restricted access to a 3-nautical-mile limit, beyond which a no-go zone exists


After the military takeover of Gaza by Hamas and overthrowing Fatah, in June 2007 add something


The strike range of Hamas rockets had increased from 16 km to 40 km since early 2008 with the use of improved Qassam and factory-made rockets add something


Crimes against humanity - A report on the 2008-9 Gaza War by Richard Goldstone accused Palestinian and Israeli forces of possibly committing a crime against humanity


Boeing AH-64 Apache - However, Israeli officials have since praised the Apache for its role in Operation Cast Lead in 2008, against Hamas in Gaza


Governance of the Gaza Strip - Since the division between the two Palestinian parties, while the West Bank remained relatively quiet, the Gaza Strip has been a scene of constant conflict between the Hamas and various factions against Israel, most notable the Gaza War of 2008-2009


Governance of the Gaza Strip - Since the division between the two parties, there have been conflicts between Hamas and similar factions operating in Gaza, and with Israel, most notably the Gaza War of 2008-2009


Throughout the month of October 2008 a single Palestinian violation was reported: 1 rocket was fired into Israel causing no damage or injuries add something


Intensity of rocket attacks targeted at Israeli cities near Gaza sharply increased during November 2008, approaching pre-truce levels add something


On November 4, 2008, Israel launched a military incursion into a residential area of Dayr al-Balah in central Gaza add something


According to Human Right Watch, On December 24, 2008, a rocket struck a bedroom of a family living in the Tel al-Hawa area in southern Gaza City, critically wounding one man add something


On December 26, 2008, a Palestinian rocket struck north of Beit Lahiya, a house was hit killing two cousins and wounding another add something


At 11:30 am on December 27, 2008, Israel launched the campaign titled Operation Cast Lead add something


On December 28, 2008, a Palestinian laborer working in the Israeli settlement of Modi'in Illit struck his supervisor on the head with a sledehammer, stabbed and injured four civilians, and beat up several others add something


The United Nations Security Council issued a statement on December 28, 2008, calling "for an immediate halt to all violence" add something


Human Rights Watch, 30 December 2008 B'Tselem states that police officers are presumed to be civilians and likely not legitimate objects of attack under international humanitarian law add something


In a 2009 interview, Major General Ido Nehushtan said that the only use of non-precision-guided munitions from the Israeli Air Force was in open areas add something


September 1, 2009 Khaled Mashal, Hamas' leader in Damascus called for suicide bombings add something


Alan Shatter - Gaza War - During the 2009 Gaza War, Sinn Féin TD Aengus Ó'Snodaigh claimed that Shatter and the Israeli ambassador to Ireland had exposed the Oireachtas committee on Foreign Affairs to "propaganda, twisted logic and half truths"


Richard Goldstone - Gaza War - In 2009, Goldstone led a fact-finding mission created by the UN Human Rights Council to investigate international human rights and humanitarian law violations related to the Gaza War


Norman Paech - His speech on the 2009 Gaza War was criticised, where Paech asserted for Palestinians a right of resistance, without a definition of where this right of resistance ends


Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani - However, Qatar severed diplomatic ties with Israel in 2009 in response to Israel's actions during the Gaza War


In January 2009, following the war, the Palestinian Authority cancelled financial coverage for all medical care for Palestinians in Israeli hospitals, including coverage for chronically ill Palestinian patients, and those in need of complex care that is not available in other tertiary medical centers in the region add something


EDO Corporation - In January 2009, during the Gaza war, activists raided EDO's factory in Moulsecombe and destroyed equipment


Avigdor Lieberman - In January 2009, during the Gaza War, Lieberman argued that Israel "must continue to fight Hamas just like the United States did with the Japanese in World War II


Siv Jensen - In January 2009, in light of the Gaza War, she held an appeal at a demonstration called "Let Israel live" in support of Israel in Oslo


Steven Berkoff - In a January 2009 interview with "The Jewish Chronicle", discussing anti-Israel sentiment following the Gaza War, he said, "There is an inbuilt dislike of Jews


Nizar Rayan - Rayan was killed in an Israeli Air Force strike on 1 January 2009 during the Gaza War


Ken Livingstone - At a 2 January 2009 London press conference featuring celebrities announcing opposition to Israel's launch of the Gaza War, Livingstone called for the European Union and the UK to bring home their ambassadors to Israel to express disapproval for the "slaughter and systematic murder of innocent Arabs"


The incident, which occurred on January 4, 2009, resulted in the death of a non-combatant add something


Matthew Kalman, Daily Mail, 5 January 2009 There were numerous reports of its use by the IDF during the conflict add something


The Sun (United Kingdom) - Gaza War - On 7 January 2009, "The Sun" ran an exclusive front page story claiming that participants in a discussion on, a British Muslim internet forum, had made a "hate hit list" of British Jews to be targeted by extremists over the Gaza War


The Times online, January 12, 2009 ://www add something


As of January 13, 2009, Palestinian militants had launched approximately 565 rockets and 200 mortars at Israel since the beginning of the conflict, according to Israeli security sources add something


Sebastian Rotella and Rushdi abu Alouf, Los Angeles Times, 13 January 2009 add something


Amira Hass, Haaretz, 19 January 2009 DIME is a relatively new weapons technology being developed mainly in the United States add something


On 19 January 2009, a spokesperson for the group said on al-Arabiya "Israel lost 'at least 80 soldiers' in the fighting" and said about Hamas losses "only 48 fighters slain in Israel war" add something


On 27 January 2009, Foreign Minister of Egypt Ahmed Aboul Gheit discouraged Britain, France and Germany from sending warships to patrol the waters off Gaza, which the three European nations felt could help halt seaborne smuggling add something


In January and February 2009, there was a series of two air strikes in Sudan and one in the Red Sea allegedly conducted by Israel against a convoy of 17 trucks containing Iranian arms, possibly Fajr-3 artillery rockets, being smuggled to the Gaza Strip through Sudan add something


Al Jazeera - In February 2009, Israel again imposed sanctions on Al Jazeera after Qatar closed the Israeli trade office in Doha in protest to the Gaza War


Avi Mizrahi - In February 2009, during a speech at the Gelilot military base, Mizrahi caused a diplomatic incident, commenting on sharp critical remarks voiced by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan over the Gaza War


Brian Baird - !Gaza War - On February 19, 2009, Congressman Brian Baird, together with fellow congressman Keith Ellison, , visited Gaza to view firsthand the destruction from the Gaza War, and to meet with international and local relief agencies


Keith Ellison (politician) - Gaza War - On February 19, 2009, Ellison and fellow Representative Brian Baird visited Gaza to view firsthand the destruction from the Gaza War and to meet with international and local relief agencies, including the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East


Testimonies from Israeli soldiers allegedly admitting indiscriminate killings of civilians, as well as vandalizing homes, were reported in March 2009 add something


Alice Walker - !Gaza War - In March 2009, Alice Walker traveled to Gaza along with a group of 60 other female activists from the anti-war group Code Pink, in response to the Gaza War


Palestinian Centre for Human Rights , 12 March 2009 add something


On March 25, 2009, the United States-based human rights organization Human Rights Watch published a 71 page report titled "Rain of Fire, "Israel's Unlawful Use of White Phosphorus in Gaza" and said that Israel's usage of the weapon was illegal add something


Clark University - In April 2009, then-President John Bassett denied Clark University Students for Palestinian Rights, a student group, the right to bring Norman Finkelstein to speak about the "Gaza Massacre" because Finkelstein "would invite controversy and not dialogue or understanding"


United Nations Human Rights Council - On 3 April 2009, South African Judge Richard Goldstone was named as the head of the independent United Nations Fact-Finding Mission to investigate international human rights and humanitarian law violations related to the Gaza War


An IDF probe, released on April 22, 2009, stated that a UN vehicle was attacked by Israeli forces because a Palestinian anti-tank squad was being unloaded from the vehicle add something


An Israeli Government report, published in July 2009, notes that during the period between 8 January and 17 January, Hamas fired a total of 44 rockets and mortars at Israel during humanitarian pauses add something


Colonel Lane, a military expert testifying in front of the fact-finding mission in July 2009, told that white phosphorus is used for smoke generation to hide from the enemy add something


Colonel Lane, military expert testifying in front of the fact-finding mission in July 2009, told the committee that through his studies, no actual proof was found that DIME rounds were used, but tungsten, iron, and sulfur were found in samples analyzed in a forensic lab add something


In July 2009, the Israeli NGO Breaking the Silence published testimony from 26 soldiers who took part in the Gaza assault, claiming that the IDF used Gazans as human shields, improperly fired incendiary white phosphorus shells over civilian areas and used overwhelming firepower that caused needless deaths and destruction add something


Gilad Shalit - In July 2009, Noam Shalit, Gilad's father, testified before the Goldstone Committee, which was investigating on behalf of the United Nations illegal conduct by combatants during Gaza War. Shalit told the committee that his son has lived without human rights for three years, and that no one, including the Red Cross, knows what happened to him or has paid him a visit


Gilad Shalit - A UN fact-finding mission headed by Judge Richard Goldstone assigned to investigate the Gaza War, which released its Report in September 2009, called for Shalit to be released


On September 15, 2009, a 574 page report by UN inquiry team was released, officially titled "Human Rights in Palestine and Other Occupied Arab Territories: Report of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict" add something


On October 16, 2009, the UN Human Rights Council endorsed the report add something


According to United Nations report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission of Human Rights Council, which was on General Assembly's agenda on 29 October 2009: "The large discrepancy in the data confirms the Mission's observations below in the report about the reliability of the information about the Gaza military operations posted on websites of al-Qassam and other Palestinian armed groups add something


Tzipi Livni - In December 2009, a warrant for Livni's arrest was understood to have been issued by a London court at the weekend, following an application by lawyers acting for some of the Palestinian victims of Operation Cast Lead, focused on Livni's role in Israel's war against Hamas-run Gaza at the turn of the year


According to the U.S. State Department's 2010 Human Rights Report, the Military Advocate General investigated over 150 wartime incidents, including those mentioned in the Goldstone Report add something


An article by Mark Cantora examining the legal implications of the use of white phosphorus munitions by the IDF, published in 2010 in the "Gonzaga Journal of International Law", argues that Israel's use of white phosphorus in Gaza was technically legal under existing international humanitarian laws and "Therefore, it is imperative for the international community to convene a White Phosphorus Convention Conference in order to address these issues and fill this substantial gap in international humanitarian law add something


In January 2010, the Israeli government released a response criticizing the Goldstone Report and disputing its findings add something


In a report submitted to the UN in January 2010, the IDF stated that two senior officers were disciplined for authorizing an artillery attack in violation of rules against their near populated areas add something


In March 2010 the department had seen 55 cases so far for that year, compared to the 20 to 25 cases normally seen in an entire year add something


In June 2010, Chief Advocate General Avichai Mandelblit summoned a recently discharged Givati Brigade sniper for a special hearing add something


In July 2010, the officer who authorized the airstrike on the Ibrahim al-Maqadna Mosque was subjected to disciplinary action, as shrapnel caused "unintentional injuries" to civilians inside add something


Abdullah Azzam Shaheed Brigade - Gaza War - In an interview to Al-Jazeera in August 2010, a Yemeni expert on Islamic movements asserted that although violent acts had been claimed by groups using Abdullah Azzam in their name, it was only in 2009 after the Gaza War that the Abdullah Azzam Brigades organization was established


Abdullah Azzam Brigades - In an interview to Al-Jazeera in August 2010, a Yemeni expert on Islamic movements asserted that although violent acts had been claimed by groups using Abdullah Azzam in their name, it was only in 2009 after the Gaza War that the Abdullah Azzam Brigades organization was established


In October 2010, Colonel Ilan Malka was interrogated by Israeli military police over the Zeitoun incident, and a criminal investigation was opened add something


In November 2010, the & Hamas Interior Minister acknowledged that around 700 militants part of Hamas and affiliated factions were killed in the war add something


In November 2010, two Givati Brigade Staff Sergeants were convicted by the Southern Command Military Court of using a Palestinian boy as a human shield add something


In 2011, Goldstone wrote that he no longer believed that Israel intentionally targeted civilians in Gaza add something


On April 1, 2011, Goldstone wrote an op-ed that appeared in "The Washington Post" in which he stated that he no longer believes the report's finding that Israel targeted Palestinian civilians as a matter of policy, the most serious accusation the report made against Israel add something


On April 1, 2011, Judge Richard Goldstone, the lead author of the UN report on the conflict, published a piece in The Washington Post titled 'Reconsidering the Goldstone Report on Israel and war crimes' add something


In April 2012, the International Criminal Court rejected the Palestinian Authority's request that Israel be investigated for claimed war crimes in Gaza in 2009, holding that since the PA is recognized by the UN General Assembly as an "observer" rather than a "state", the ICC lacked jurisdiction to hear its request add something