Oscar Wilde
Thomas Edison
Simmons Bedding Company
Guglielmo Marconi
Sybil Thorndike
(Movies & TV)
Graham Wallas
Katharine Cornell
(Movies & TV)

See also

George Bernard Shaw

Knowledge Identifier: +George_Bernard_Shaw


George Bernard Shaw

Irish playwright and a co-founder of the London School of Economics add

Category: Literature

Born in 1856.

Countries: United Kingdom (49%), United States (22%), Italy (7%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Oscar Wilde, Thomas Edison, Simmons Bedding Company

Linked to: London School of Economics, British Museum, Wesley College, Dublin, Academy Award for Best Writing




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about George Bernard Shaw.

George Bernard Shaw was born in 1856 add something


In 1876, Shaw joined his mother's London household add something


Shaw wrote five unsuccessful novels at the start of his career between 1879 and 1883 add something


Shaw's first novel, "Immaturity", was written in 1879 but was the last one to be printed in 1931 add something


"The Irrational Knot" was written in 1880 and published in 1905 add something


Shaw joined in the public opposition to vaccination against smallpox, calling it "a particularly filthy piece of witchcraft", despite having nearly died from the disease when he contracted it in 1881 add something


Bustle - The bustle reappeared in late 1881, and was exaggerated to become a major fashion feature in the mid and late 1880s, in 1885 reaching preposterous proportions to modern eyes, as used in the play "Arms and the Man" by George Bernard Shaw


In 1882, influenced by Henry George's views on land nationalization, Shaw concluded that private ownership of land and its exploitation for personal profit was a form of theft, and advocated equitable distribution of land and natural resources and their control by governments intent on promoting the commonwealth add something


Written in 1883, "An Unsocial Socialist" was published in 1887 add something


Havelock Ellis - He joined The Fellowship of the New Life in 1883, meeting other social reformers Eleanor Marx, Edward Carpenter and George Bernard Shaw


Instead, in 1884, he joined the newly formed Fabian Society, which accorded with his belief that reform should be gradual and induced by peaceful means rather than by outright revolution add something


Sidney Webb - He was one of the early members of the Fabian Society in 1884, along with George Bernard Shaw


His novels were rejected, however, so his literary earnings remained negligible until 1885, when he became self-supporting as a critic of the arts add something


Shaw became a critic of the arts when, sponsored by William Archer, he joined the reviewing staff of the "Pall Mall Gazette" in 1885 add something


Shaw began working on his first play destined for production, "Widowers' Houses", in 1885 in collaboration with critic William Archer, who supplied the structure add something


Oscar Wilde was the sole literary signatory of Shaw's petition for a pardon of the anarchists arrested after the Haymarket massacre in Chicago in 1886 add something


Oscar Wilde - Wilde was the sole literary signatory of George Bernard Shaw's petition for a pardon of the anarchists arrested after the Haymarket massacre in Chicago in 1886


Graham Wallas - Wallas joined the Fabian Society in April 1886, following his acquaintances Sidney Webb and George Bernard Shaw


Shaw's plays were first performed in the 1890s add something


Sims Reeves - In 1890 Shaw stated that Reeves's many cancelled appearances were made entirely for the sake of pure artistic integrity 'which few appreciate fully', but left him at the head of his profession, and had required enormous efforts of artistic conviction, courage, and self-respect


His influential "Quintessence of Ibsenism" was written in 1891 add something


Harry Plunket Greene - In 1891 George Bernard Shaw found him 'fairly equal to the occasion in the wonderful duet' from Bach's Whitsuntide Canatata, "O, Ewiges Feuer", with the Bach Choir


Years later, Shaw tried again and, in 1892, completed the play without collaboration add something


"Widowers' Houses", a scathing attack on slumlords, was first performed at London's Royalty Theatre on 9 December 1892 add something


Fernando De Lucia - George Bernard Shaw wrote tellingly of De Lucia in June 1892


Antonio Giuglini - In 1893, George Bernard Shaw could still write of his own time as the 'post-Giuglinian days'; and Giuglini's name was often coupled with that of the great tenor Mario


Richard Mansfield - He was one of the earliest to produce George Bernard Shaw's plays in America, appearing in 1894 as Bluntschli in "Arms and the Man", and as Dick Dudgeon in "The Devil's Disciple" in 1897


Fernando De Lucia - In 1894 Shaw speaks of De Lucia as a tenor of the Julian Gayarre school, without the "goat-bleat" of its extreme disciples


May Morris - The marriage broke down in 1894 over her affair with a former lover, the playwright George Bernard Shaw


London School of Economics - The LSE records that the proposal to establish the school was conceived during a breakfast meeting on 4 August 1894, between the Webbs, Graham Wallas and George Bernard Shaw


Along with Fabian Society members Sidney and Beatrice Webb and Graham Wallas, Shaw founded the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1895 with funding provided by private philanthropy, including a bequest of £20,000 from Henry Hunt Hutchinson to the Fabian Society add something


As a drama critic for the "Saturday Review", a post he held from 1895 to 1898, Shaw championed Henrik Ibsen whose realistic plays scandalized the Victorian public add something


From 1895 to 1898, Shaw was the drama critic for his friend Frank Harris's "Saturday Review", in which position he campaigned brilliantly to displace the artificialities and hypocrisies of the Victorian stage with a theatre of actuality and thought add something


London School of Economics - Founded in 1895 by Fabian Society members Sidney Webb, Beatrice Webb and George Bernard Shaw, LSE joined the University of London in 1900 and first issued degrees to its students in 1902


Edith Craig - In 1895 her performances in Pinero's "Bygones" and Charles Reade's "The Lyons Mail" respectively were praised by George Bernard Shaw and Eleonora Duse


Charles Brookfield - SM10 He was attacked in the press as hostile to the "New Drama", such as Ibsen and Shaw, and to Oscar Wilde, helping to gather evidence against Wilde in his trial of 1895


Shaw declined to stand as an MP, but in 1897 he was elected as a local councillor to the London County Council as a Progressive add something


Janet Achurch - George Bernard Shaw wrote the title role of his play "Candida" with her in mind and would only allow the play to be performed if Achurch played the title role, which took place in 1897 at Her Majesty's Theatre


Before 1898 Shaw had been an early supporter of photography as a serious art form add something


In 1898, Shaw married Charlotte Payne-Townshend, a fellow Fabian, whom he survived add something


It records his experiments with photography over 50 years and for the photographic historian provides a record of the development of the photographic and printing techniques available to the amateur photographer between 1898 and 1950 add something


Shaw bought his first camera in 1898 and was an active amateur photographer until his death in 1950 add something


Giacomo Meyerbeer - The downgrading of Meyerbeer became a commonplace amongst Wagnerites: in 1898, George Bernard Shaw, in "The Perfect Wagnerite", commented that "Nowadays young people cannot understand how anyone could have taken Meyerbeer's influence seriously


Anna Morgan (teacher) - In April 1899, she presented her pupils in the first U.S. performances of Shaw's "Candida", performed in private because unauthorized by the author


In 1901, remembering the experience, he said "I was a cannibal for twenty-five years add something


Thomas Common - In 1901 he published a book called "Nietzsche as Critic, Philosopher, Poet and Prophet", which was extremely enthusiastic about its subject, and was recommended to the publisher by George Bernard Shaw


Louise Closser Hale - Her first theatrical success came in 1903, when she appeared in a Broadway production of George Bernard Shaw's "Candida"


Ellen Terry - In 1903 Terry took over management of London's Imperial Theatre, focusing on the plays of George Bernard Shaw and Henrik Ibsen


Ellen Terry - The new venture focused on the plays of George Bernard Shaw and Henrik Ibsen, including the latter's "The Vikings" in 1903, with Terry as the warlike Hiordis, a misjudged role for her


From 1904 to 1907, several of his plays had their London premieres in notable productions at the Court Theatre, managed by Harley Granville-Barker and J. E. Vedrenne add something


Frank Goldsmith - In 1904 he was elected a member of London County Council representing St Pancras South with W.H.H. Gastrell as municipal reformers, having defeated both George Bernard Shaw and Sir William Geary, who were standing as Progressives


Richard Bennett (actor) - In 1905, Bennett won fame as the leading man, Hector Malone, Jr., in Shaw's "Man and Superman"


In 1906 the Shaws moved into a house, now called Shaw's Corner, in Ayot St. Lawrence, a small village in Hertfordshire, England; it was to be their home for the remainder of their lives, although they maintained a residence at 29 Fitzroy Square in London add something


David Powell - In 1907 he appeared with Terry on Broadway in the first American presentation of Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion"


Sybil Thorndike - In 1908, she was spotted by the playwright George Bernard Shaw when she understudied the leading role of "Candida" in a tour directed by Shaw himself


By the 1910s, Shaw was a well-established playwright add something


When, in 1910, Shaw wrote that natural attraction rather than wealth or social class should govern selection of marriage partners, the concept of eugenics did not have the negative connotations it later acquired after having been adopted by the Nazis of Germany add something


At a meeting of the Eugenics Education Society of 3 March 1910 he suggested the need to use a "lethal chamber" to solve their problem add something


Rutland Boughton - The first production was not the projected Arthurian Cycle but that of Boughton's new choral-drama, "The Immortal Hour", composed in 1912 which with a national appeal to raise funds was produced with the full backing of Sir Granville Bantock, Thomas Beecham, John Galsworthy, Eugene Goossens, Gustav Holst, Dame Ethel Smyth and Shaw and others


Shaw helped to found the left-wing magazine "New Statesman" in 1913 with the Webbs and other prominent members of the Fabian Society add something


New Statesman - The "New Statesman" was founded in 1913 by Sidney and Beatrice Webb with the support of George Bernard Shaw and other prominent members of the Fabian Society


Operetta - For example, the characters in Lerner and Loewe's musical "My Fair Lady", which is based on George Bernard Shaw's 1914 play "Pygmalion", are essentially unchanged from those in Shaw's stage work, because the musical version is quite faithful to the original , even to the point of retaining most of Shaw's dialogue


Shaw opposed the execution of Sir Roger Casement in 1916 add something


Letter, 7 August 1919, to Thomas Demetrius O'Bolger add something


Einar Sissener - Sissener made his stage debut on Centralteatret in 1919, as the character "Philip" in an adaption of George Bernard Shaw's play "You Never Can Tell"


In the 1920s, he recanted, calling his earlier animosity towards Brahms "my only mistake" add something


Shaw enjoyed a friendship with T.E. Lawrence, known most notably for his book "Seven Pillars of Wisdom" and his role as liaison for the Arab revolt during World War I. Lawrence even used the name "Shaw" as his nom de guerre when he joined the Royal Air Force as an aircraftman in the 1920s add something


Shaw had long considered writing about Joan of Arc, and her canonization in 1920 supplied a strong incentive add something


Claude Rains - Rains began his career in the London theatre, having a success in the title role of John Drinkwater's play "Ulysses S. Grant", the follow-up to the playwright's major hit "Abraham Lincoln", and travelled to Broadway in the late 1920s to act in leading roles in such plays as Shaw's "The Apple Cart" and in the dramatisations of "The Constant Nymph", and Pearl S. Buck's novel "The Good Earth," as a Chinese farmer


Katharine Hepburn - She appeared on the stage in every decade from the 1920s to the 1980s, performing plays by Shakespeare and Shaw, and a Broadway musical


In 1921, Shaw completed "Back to Methuselah", his "Metabiological Pentateuch" add something


After Collins's assassination in 1922, Shaw sent a personal message of condolence to one of Collins's sisters add something


Henry Ainley - He appeared in A. A. Milne's "The Dover Road" opposite Athene Seyler in 1922 and as the Bishop of Chelsea in Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married" at the Haymarket Theatre


T. E. Lawrence - He changed his name to T. E. Shaw and joined the Royal Tank Corps in 1923


Sybil Thorndike - She returned to the stage in the title role of George Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in 1924, which had been written with her specifically in mind


Theodor Mommsen - Fellow Nobel Laureate Bernard Shaw cited Mommsen's interpretation of the last First Consul of the Republic, Julius Caesar, as one of the inspirations for his 1898 play, "Caesar and Cleopatra"


John Stewart Collis - His first book on George Bernard Shaw, was published in 1925, followed by biographies of Havelock Ellis, Strindberg, Tolstoy, the Carlyles and Christopher Columbus


Ernest Thesiger - In 1925, Thesiger appeared in Noël Coward's "On With the Dance", again in drag, and later played the Dauphin in Shaw's "Saint Joan"


Alma Murray - A collection of letters between Murray and George Bernard Shaw was privately published in Edinburgh in 1927


Sybil Thorndike - She appeared in a 1927 short film, made in the DeForest Phonofilm process, of her performing as Saint Joan in an excerpt of the play by George Bernard Shaw


Simmons Bedding Company - Simmons promoted its products aggressively with ads that included testimonials from famous people such as Eleanor Roosevelt in 1927 and Henry Ford, H.G. Wells, Thomas Edison, Guglielmo Marconi and George Bernard Shaw in 1929


Simmons Bedding Company - Simmons promoted its products aggressively with ads that included testimonials from famous people such as Eleanor Roosevelt in 1927 and Henry Ford, H.G. Wells, Thomas Edison, Guglielmo Marconi and George Bernard Shaw in 1929


Excerpts of the latter were republished in 1928 as "Socialism and Liberty", Late in his life he wrote another guide to political issues, "Everybody's Political What's What" add something


Celia Johnson - Her stage début, and first professional role, was as Sarah in George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" at the Theatre Royal, Huddersfield in 1928


Walter Starkie - Its only publication, "A Survey of Fascism ", had an article by him, "Whither is Ireland Heading - Is It Fascism- Thoughts on the Irish Free State-" During the 1930s, along with George Bernard Shaw and W.B. Yeats he was an apologist for Benito Mussolini, whom he had interviewed in 1927


Martita Hunt - In September 1929, she joined the Old Vic company, led by Harcourt Williams, and in the following eight months played Béline in Molière's "The Imaginary Invalid", Queen Elizabeth in George Bernard Shaw's "The Dark Lady of the Sonnets", and Lavinia in Shaw's "Androcles and the Lion"


Frank Clewlow - He was responsible for the stage debut of Coral Browne in the George Bernard Shaw play "You Never Can Tell" at the Garrick Theatre in 1930


Marta Abba - In 1930, Abba founded her own theatrical company and specialized in staging the works of Pirandello and other European playwrights like George Bernard Shaw, Gabriele d'Annunzio and Carlo Goldoni under the direction of prestigious directors like Max Reinhardt and Guido Salvini


After visiting the USSR in 1931 and meeting Joseph Stalin, Shaw became a supporter of the Stalinist USSR add something


In a newsreel interview released on 5 March 1931, dealing with alternatives to the imprisonment of criminals, Shaw says add something


On 11 October 1931 he broadcast a lecture on American national radio telling his audience that any 'skilled workman add something


Cecil Arthur Lewis - In 1931, he co-wrote and directed a short film adaptation of the George Bernard Shaw play "How He Lied to Her Husband"


Marie Lohr - Her first film appearance was in the 1932 film version of "Aren't we All-", and having appeared in several of George Bernard Shaw's works onstage - her subsequent films included two Shaw adaptations


A collection of Shaw's short stories, "The Black Girl in Search of God and Some Lesser Tales", was published in 1934 add something


Joachim von Ribbentrop - In November 1934, Ribbentrop visited Britain, where he met with George Bernard Shaw, Sir Austen Chamberlain, Lord Cecil, and Lord Lothian


The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money - He mailed a letter to his friend George Bernard Shaw on New Year's Day, 1935:


Tad Mosel - Mosel's interest in theater began in 1936 when he saw Katharine Cornell on Broadway in George Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan"


Penguin Books - Lane expanded the business in 1937 with the publication of George Bernard Shaw's "The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Socialism and Capitalism" under the "'Pelican Books"' imprint, an imprint designed to educate the reading public rather than entertain


Marthe Bibesco - She visited Germany in 1938 to see Wilhelm, and was introduced to Hermann_Göring; she visited the United Kingdom in 1939 to meet George Bernard Shaw


Raymond Massey - Also in 1941, Massey starred in George Bernard Shaw's "The Doctor's Dilemma", opposite Katharine Cornell, opening just one week before Pearl Harbor


Gregory Peck - His stage career started in 1941 when he played the secretary in a Katharine Cornell production of George Bernard Shaw's play The Doctor's Dilemma.


Francis L. Sullivan - He played the role of Pothinus in the 1945 film version of George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra"


Alvina Krause - Miss Krause was the artistic director and driving force for summer theater at Eagles Mere, Pennsylvania, for twenty years from 1945 producing 178 plays by Chekhov, Ibsen, Molière, Rostand, Shakespeare Shaw


Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor - Her sisters had all died, "Red Ellen" Wilkinson died in 1947, George Bernard Shaw died in 1950, and she did not take well to widowhood


James Broderick - In 1947 Broderick, a junior pre-med student, auditioned for a part in the UNH production of George Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man"


Ralph Forbes - One of his last stage appearances was in a revival of Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" in 1948


Puppetry - One of Shaw's last plays, "Shakes versus Shav", was written for and first performed in 1949 by the company


Margaret Lockwood - She made a return to the stage in a record-breaking national tour of Noël Coward's "Private Lives" in 1949, and played Eliza Doolittle in George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" at the Edinburgh Festival of 1951, and the title role in J. M. Barrie's "Peter Pan" in 1949, 1950, and 1957

George Bernard Shaw died in 1950 add something


Obituary "Variety", 8 November 1950, page 71 add something


Ken Sprague - During the 1950s and '60s, Sprague did several set designs for the left-wing Unity Theatre, including productions of George Bernard Shaw's "The Apple Cart", Anton Chekhov's "The Cherry Orchard" and Arthur Miller's "The Crucible"


Andrew Cruickshank - He returned to Broadway in 1951 until 1952, as the Earl of Warwick in George Bernard Shaw's play "Saint Joan", with Uta Hagen in the lead role


Vivien Leigh - In 1951, Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" and George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra", alternating the play each night and winning good reviews


Laurence Olivier - In 1951, Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, alternating the play each night and winning good reviews.


Charles Boyer - In 1951, he appeared on the Broadway stage in one of his most notable roles, that of Don Juan, in a dramatic reading of the third act of George Bernard Shaw's "Man and Superman"


Arthur Lithgow - In summer 1951 he was associate producer of the Shaw Festival at the Rice Playhouse on Martha's Vineyard, where he performed in several plays by George Bernard Shaw


Katharine Hepburn - In the summer of 1952, Hepburn appeared in London's West End for a ten-week run of George Bernard Shaw's "The Millionairess"


Noel Coward - Despite his disappointments during this period, Coward maintained a high public profile; his performance as King Magnus in Shaw's "The Apple Cart" for the Coronation season of 1953, co-starring Margaret Leighton, received much coverage in the press, and his cabaret act, honed during his wartime tours entertaining the troops, was a supreme success, first in London at the Café de Paris, and later in Las Vegas


Tamara Geva - In 1953 Geva played the character of a sarcastic acrobat in a New York revival of George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance"


Kenneth Williams - Failure to become a serious dramatic actor disappointed him, but his potential as a comic performer gave him his break when he was spotted playing the Dauphin in George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan" in 1954 by radio producer Dennis Main Wilson


Jean Arthur - She tackled the role of her namesake, Joan of Arc, in a 1954 stage production of George Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan", but she left the play after a nervous breakdown and battles with director Harold Clurman


Albert Marre - Three years later he helmed a production of Shaw's "Misalliance", followed by "Kismet", for which he received the 1954 Donaldson *award for Best Director of a Musical


Tyrone Power - In 1956, the year Columbia released "The Eddy Duchin Story", another great success for the star, he returned to England to play the rake, Dick Dudgeon, in a revival of Shaw's "The Devil's Disciple" for one week at the Opera House in Manchester and nineteen weeks at the Winter Garden, London


Jack Lescoulie - Typical Lescoulie sketches included acting a scene from Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra" with Jayne Mansfield in July, 1956, and being hit in the face with a pie by Buster Keaton in April, 1963


Tyrone Power - Power returned to the stage in March, 1958 to play the lead in Arnold Moss's adaptation of Shaw's 1921 play, "Back to Methuselah"


John Burgoyne - He appears as a character in George Bernard Shaw's play "The Devil's Disciple" and its 1959 and 1978 film adaptions


Max Adrian - In the late 1960s, Adrian toured as George Bernard Shaw in the one-man show "An Evening with GBS", which played in London, on Broadway, and in Asia, Africa and Australia


Mary Ellis - She appeared in the 1960 movie "The Three Worlds of Gulliver" and made her last stage appearance in 1970, playing Mrs Warren in Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" at the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre in Guildford


The Shaw Festival, an annual theater festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada began as an eight week run of "Don Juan in Hell" and "Candida" in 1962, and has grown into an annual festival with over 800 performances a year, dedicated to producing the works of Shaw and his contemporaries add something


Shaw Festival - Founded in 1962, its original mandate was to stimulate interest in George Bernard Shaw and his period, and to advance the development of theatre arts in Canada


Shaw Festival production history - Founded in 1962, its original mandate was to stimulate interest in George Bernard Shaw and his period, and to advance the development of theatre arts in Canada


Edward Bond - Since the early 1970s, Bond has been conspicuous as the first dramatist since George Bernard Shaw to produce long, serious prose prefaces to his plays


The Shaw Theatre, Euston Road, London, opened in 1971, was named in his honour add something


Kenneth Williams - He appeared with Ingrid Bergman in a stage production of George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" in 1971


Rachel Gurney - In 1977 Gurney made her American stage debut Off-Broadway as Mrs. Clandon in George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" at the Roundabout Theatre in New York City


Deanna Dunagan - She made her Broadway debut in the 1979 production of George Bernard Shaw's "Man and Superman" at Circle in the Square as an understudy for Ann Sachs


Rex Harrison - He returned as Henry Higgins in a highly paid revival of "My Fair Lady" directed by Patrick Garland in 1981, cementing his association with the plays of George Bernard Shaw which included a Tony nominated performance as Shotover in "Heartbreak House", Julius Caesar in "Caesar and Cleopatra", and General Burgoyne in a Los Angeles production of "The Devil's Disciple"


Petula Clark - In 1983, she took on the title role in George Bernard Shaw's "Candida


Filipe La Feria - In 2002, he staged the musical "My Fair Lady" , adapted from Bernard Shaw, giving it a Golden Globe for Best Performance of the Year


From: Gary Sloan, "The religion of George Bernard Shaw: when is an Atheist-", published in American Atheist Magazine, Autumn 2004: add something


Philip Bosco - He played "Grandpa Potts" in the 2005 Broadway production of "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang", and capped his Shawian work as the aged Captain Shotover in a Broadway revival of "Heartbreak House" in 2006


Peter Zadek - Zadek's last production was Shaw's "Major Barbara", performed at the Schauspielhaus in Zurich in February 2009


The exhibition "Man & Cameraman", revealing Shaw's photographic legacy, took place in 2011 at the Fox Talbot Museum and in conjunction the LSE hosted an online exhibition add something


Paxton Whitehead - He will play the role George Bernard Shaw in Anthony Wynn's "Bernard and Bosie: A Most Unlikely Friendship" in a benefit performance for the Episcopal Actors' Guild on 5 May 2011


In the 2016 version of the "Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians", Robert Anderson writes, "Shaw's collected writings on music stand alone in their mastery of English and compulsive readability add something