Georgiy Gongadze

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Georgiy Gongadze

Ukrainian journalist of Georgian origin who was kidnapped and murdered in 2000 add

Category: Journalism

Born in 1969.

Countries: Ukraine (82%), Europe (18%)

Main connections: Leonid Kuchma, Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine), Viktor Yushchenko

Linked to: Kyiv Post, Soviet Union, Council of Europe, Ministry of Internal Affairs

 

Timeline


 

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Georgiy Gongadze was born in 1969 add something


1999

His strongly independent line soon attracted hostility from the increasingly authoritarian government of Leonid_Kuchma; during the October 1999 presidential election, his commentaries prompted a call from Kuchma's headquarters to say "that he had been blacklisted to be dealt with after the election add something


Georgiy Gongadze died in 2000 add something

 

Visiting New York in January 2000 with other Ukrainian journalists, he warned of "the strangulation of the freedom of speech and information in our state add something

 

In April 2000, Gongadze co-founded a news website, "Ukrayinska Pravda" , as a means of sidestepping the government's increasing influence over the mainstream media add something

 

In June 2000, Gongadze wrote an open letter to Ukraine's chief prosecutor about harassment from the SBU, the Ukrainian secret police, directed towards himself and his "Ukrayinska Pravda" colleagues and apparently related to an investigation into a murder case in the southern port of Odessa add something

 

Gongadze disappeared on 16 September 2000, after failing to return home add something

 

Two months later, on 3 November 2000, a body was found in a forest in the Taraschanskyi Raion of the Kiev Oblast , some outside Kiev add something

 

On 28 November 2000, opposition politician Oleksandr Moroz publicized secret tape recordings which he claimed implicated President Kuchma in Gongadze's murder add something

 

Kyiv Post - It has published investigative stories, including coverage of the 2000 murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze, the 2004 Orange Revolution and political corruption

 

Leonid Kuchma - Opponents accused him of involvement in the killing in 2000 of journalist Georgiy Gongadze , which he has always denied

 

Tarashcha - Recently, the town has become known as the place of the clandestine burial and later recovery of Georgiy Gongadze, a Ukrainian journalist kidnapped and murdered in 2000

 

Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine) - The most notorious case is the agency's involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze in 2000


2001

Gongadze's widow Myroslava Gongadze and their two children received political asylum in the United States and have lived there since 2001 add something

 

The affair became an international crisis for the Ukrainian government during 2001, with the European Union expressing dissatisfaction at the official investigation, rumors of Ukrainian suspension from the Council of Europe, and censure from the OSCE, which described Gongadze's death as a case of "censorship by killing" and castigated the "extremely unprofessional" investigation add something

 

Mass demonstrations erupted in Kiev in February 2001, calling for the resignation of Kuchma and the dismissal of other key officials add something

 

In September 2001, the American detective agency Kroll Inc., contracted by Labor Ukraine, had carried out a six-month investigation and concluded that president Leonid Kuchma had nothing to do with the murder of Gongadze add something


2002

Mass protests again broke out in Kiev and other Ukrainian cities in September 2002 to mark the second anniversary of Gongadze's death add something


2003

The authorities did not officially acknowledge that the body was that of Gongadze until the following February and did not definitively confirm it until as late as March 2003 add something

 

The prosecutor of the Tarascha district, where Gongadze's body was found, was convicted in May 2003 for abuse of office and falsification of evidence add something


2004

Another theory was that Yanukovych was driven by the desire for revenge on Kuchma, who often humiliated Yanukovych and refused to use force to stop the Orange Revolution in 2004 add something

 

In June 2004, the government claimed that a convicted gangster identified only as "K" had confessed to Gongadze's murder, although there was no independent confirmation of the claim add something


2005

Three former officials of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry's foreign surveillance department and criminal intelligence unit accused of his murder were arrested in March 2005 and a fourth one in July 2009 add something

 

On 1 March 2005, Yushchenko announced that the journalist's suspected killers had been arrested add something

 

Former Interior Minister Yuriy Kravchenko died of two gunshots to the head on 4 March 2005, just hours before he was to begin providing testimony as a witness in the case add something

 

In June 2005 Kiev 's "Industrialnaya Street" was renamed "Georgy Gongadze Street" add something

 

Gongadze was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine by President Viktor Yushchenko on 23 August 2005 add something

 

President Viktor Yushchenko awarded Gongadze the title Hero of Ukraine on 23 August 2005 add something

 

In November 2005, upon complaint of Gongadze's widow, the European Court of Human Rights has found Ukraine to violate right to life, right to effective remedy and prohibition of degrading treatment add something


2006

The trial against the three former policemen charged with the killing of Georgiy Gongadze started on 9 January 2006 add something

 

As of 23 June 2006 Gongadze's mother refused to accept the remains offered as it was not the body of her son add something

 

While visiting Kiev in July 2006, Gongadze's widow Myroslava emphasized that the funeral had now become a solemn family issue and the date of the funeral would soon be appointed add something


2008

A court in Ukraine sentenced Protasov to a sentence of 13 years and Kostenko and Popovych to 12-year terms March 2008 for the murder add something

 

In mid March 2008, the three former police officers were sentenced to prison for the actual act of murder of Gongadze add something

 

August 2008 a monument to journalist Gongadze and all journalists killed for their professional activities was opened in Kiev in a park in "Chervonoarmiyska street", but Gongadze's mother, Lesya Gongadze, was against erecting a monument until the investigation is completed add something


2009

On 22 July 2009 Oleksiy Pukach, one of the chief suspects, was arrested in Ukraine's Zhytomyr Oblast add something

 

On 28 July 2009 Ukrainian media reported that the remains of Gongadze's skull were found near Bila Tserkva, in a location specified by Pukach add something

 

On 20 November 2009 Gongadze's mother Lesya gave consent to an examination of fragments of the skull found end-July 2009 under the condition she could take fragments of the skull for private DNA examination she plans to conduct at a private foreign laboratory after the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election add something

 

On 3 December 2009 Pukach's detention was extended by two months add something

 

On 6 December 2009 Mykola Melnychenko accused Volodymyr Lytvyn of ordering the murder of Gongadze in 2000 add something


2010

A spokesperson for Lytvyn dismissed the claims as part of the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election campaign add something

 

The Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine plans to complete its investigation into the case of Oleksiy Pukach by the end of the summer of 2010 add something

 

Ukrainian Prosecutor General Oleksandr Medvedko stated on 17 June 2010 that skull fragments found near Bila Tserkva in July 2009 were those of Gongadze add something

 

She repeated her wish "to remove the monument to Gongadze" after a meeting with Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych on 22 June 2010, she added her discontent with "political forces" holding "PR campaigns" regarding the Gongadze murder case add something

 

On 14 September 2010, Ukraine's Office of the Prosecutor General issued a statement stating that prosecutors had concluded that former Interior Minister Yuri Kravchenko had ordered Pukach to carry out the murder, and stating that Pukach had confessed to the murder add something

 

In Kiev and Lviv ceremonies marking the disappearance of Gongadze where held on 16 September 2010 add something

 

The General Prosecutor of Ukraine's Office canceled its resolution to deny opening of criminal cases against former President Leonid Kuchma and other politicians within the Gongadze-case on 9 October 2010 add something


2011

On 24 March 2011 Ukrainian prosecutors charged Kuchma with involvement in the murder add something

 

Pukach's trial, on allegations he strangled and beheaded Gongadze, began on 7 July 2011 add something

 

On 30 August 2011, Pukach admitted that Leonid Kuchma was the one who has ordered the murder add something

 

A Ukrainian district court ordered prosecutors to drop criminal charges against Kuchma on 14 December 2011 on grounds that evidence linking him to the murder of Gongadze was insufficient add something


2013

On 29 January 2013 Pukach was sentenced to a life imprisonment by the Pechersk District Courty of Kiev add something

 

First Deputy Prosecutor General of Ukraine Renat Kuzmin claimed 20 February 2013 that his office had collected enough evidence confirming Kuchma's responsibility for ordering Gongadze's assassination add something


2014

On 9 July 2014 Gongadze's widow Myroslava withdraws her appeal against the sentence of Pukach; because "if the Court of Appeals will meet our appeal, it will be forced to simultaneously release Pukach from custody add something


2016

Gongadze was buried in Kiev on 22 March 2016 add something

 

Gongadze was buried in the Mykola Naberezhny Church in Kiev on 22 March 2016 add something