Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej

Knowledge Identifier: +Gheorghe_Gheorghiu-Dej

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Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej

Communist leader of Romania from 1947 until his death in 1965 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1901.

Countries: Romania (57%), Italy (21%), United States (7%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Gheorghe Apostol, Nicolae Ceausescu, Dwight D. Eisenhower

Linked to: Romanian Communist Party, Comecon, Penn State University Press, Jews

 

Timeline


 

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Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej was born in 1901 add something


1932

Gheorghe Apostol - In 1932, Apostol met Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, and became involved in the communist underground


1933

A railway electrician by trade, he was arrested for taking part in the Grivi?a Strike of 1933 and sentenced to prison in the same year, serving time in Doftana and other facilities add something


1936

In 1936 he was elected to the party's Central Committee and became leader of the "prison faction" of the party add something


1943

Nicolae Ceausescu - In 1943, he was transferred to Târgu Jiu internment camp where he shared a cell with Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, becoming his protege.


1944

He became general secretary in 1944 after the Soviet occupation but did not consolidate his power until 1952 when he purged Ana Pauker and the "Muscovite faction" from the party add something

 

As a known activist, he was detained at Târgu Jiu camp during Ion Antonescu's regime and the larger part of World War II, managing to escape in August 1944 add something


1947

On 30 December 1947, Gheorghiu-Dej helped force King Michael to abdicate, thus becoming "de facto" the most powerful man in Romania add something

 

Nicolae Ceausescu - After the Communists seized power in Romania in 1947, he headed the Ministry of Agriculture, served as Deputy Minister of the Armed Forces under Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, becoming a Major General.


1950

He became the architect of Romania's semi-autonomous foreign and economic policy within the Warsaw Pact and the Comecon in the late 1950s, notably by initiating the creation of a heavy industry which went against Soviet directions for the Eastern Bloc as a whole add something

 

Through his policy of national sovereignty, Gheorghiu-Dej increased the popularity of Romania in the West; national U.S. publications moved away from reports in the early 1950s of human rights abuses and oppression, towards articles from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s of Romanian de-satellization add something

 

Throughout this period from the late 1950s to the mid-1960s, Gheorghiu-Dej greatly increased trade with the West, making Romania the first Soviet Bloc country to trade with the West completely independently add something

 

Romanian Communist Party - In the early 1950s, the PCR's dominant wing around Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, with support from Joseph Stalin, defeated all the other factions and achieved full control over the party and country


1952

For example, 1952 saw the first publication of the journal "Romanian Foreign Trade", which offered opportunities to Western traders to buy Romanian goods such as petroleum and grain add something


1953

From 1953, the West gradually relaxed their export controls, which had limited the products that the U.S., Great Britain, and France could export to Eastern Europe add something


1954

Gheorghiu-Dej briefly gave up the first secretaryship of the Communist Party in 1954 to Gheorghe Apostol, retaining the premiership he'd held since 1952 add something


1955

However, it was understood that he was still the real leader of Romania, and he regained the party leadership in 1955 add something


1956

In an attempt to increase the dialogue between Romania and the West, in 1956 Gheorghiu-Dej appointed as the Romanian Minister to the U.S. Silviu Brucan, who in April met with both Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and with President Dwight D. Eisenhower add something

 

Indeed, Romania under Gheorghiu-Dej has commonly been viewed as one of the most loyal of Soviet allies in 1956 add something

 

Scarlat Callimachi - The Museum was closed down in 1956, after the Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej regime began rejecting Soviet influence


1958

In 1958, the Red Army withdrew its last troops from Romania, and the Romanian government began approving the issuing of documents that encouraged anti-Soviet sentiments add something


1960

Mircea Eliade - He was slowly rehabilitated at home beginning in the early 1960s, under the rule of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej


1964

Then by 1964, Gheorghiu-Dej had made a trading agreement with the U.S. that allowed Romania to buy industrial products from them add something

 

While 1964 was the year many political prisoners were released, he organized a new wave of arrests and purges add something


1965

Also, the Russian city of Liski was named, during 1965-1990, "Georgiu-Dezh" in his honor add something

 

Gheorghe Apostol argued that he had been appointed successor by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej himself, and was in any case perceived as such in 1965 add something


Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej died in 1965 add something

 

Gheorghiu-Dej died of lung cancer in Bucharest on March 19, 1965 add something

 

Ion Petre Stoican - Friedrich Sometime before 1965, during the regime of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, after observing strange behavior by a man in an audience for whom he was performing somewhere on the Black Sea coast, Stoican helped in arresting an American spy


1982

Marin was the last Gheorghiu-Dej supporter to be purged from the Romanian government in 1982 by Nicolae Ceau?escu, and later emigrated to Israel add something


1990

In 1990, after the Romanian Revolution, his body was exhumed and reburied in a city cemetery add something


1991

In 1991, after the Romanian Revolution, his body was exhumed and reburied in Bellu cemetery add something