Yitzhak Rabin
Soviet Union
Tovah Feldshuh
(Movies & TV)
Levi Eshkol
Bruno Kreisky
Menachem Begin
Shimon Peres

See also

Golda Meir

Knowledge Identifier: +Golda_Meir


Golda Meir

Israeli teacher, kibbutznik and politician who became the fourth Prime Minister of Israel add

Category: Politics

Born in 1898.

Countries: Israel (38%), United States (28%), Palestine (10%)

Main connections: Yitzhak Rabin, Soviet Union, Tovah Feldshuh

Linked to: Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee State Normal School, North Division High School, Wisconsin State College of Milwaukee




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Golda Meir was born in 1898 add something


Moshe Mabovitch left to find work in New York City in 1903 add something


In 1905, Moshe moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in search of higher-paying work and found employment in the workshops of the local railroad yard add something


Golda attended the Fourth Street Grade School from 1906 to 1912 add something


In 1913, she began dating Morris Meyerson add something


In 1913, she returned to North Division High, graduating in 1915 add something


In 1917, she took a position at a Yiddish-speaking Folks Schule in Milwaukee add something


When Golda and Morris married in 1917, settling in Palestine was her precondition for the marriage add something


The couple moved to Palestine in 1921 together with her sister Sheyna add something


Together, they left their jobs to join a kibbutz in Palestine in 1921 add something


In 1924, she and her husband left the kibbutz and resided briefly in Tel Aviv before settling in Jerusalem add something


In 1934, when Meir returned from the United States, she joined the Executive Committee of the Histadrut and moved up the ranks to become head of its Political Department add something


In July 1938, Meir was the Jewish observer from Palestine at the Évian Conference, called by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to discuss the question of Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution add something


In June 1946, the British cracked down on the Zionist movement in Palestine, arresting many leaders of the Yishuv add something


After his release, Sharett went to the United States to attend talks on the UN Partition Plan, leaving Meir to head the Political Department until the establishment of the state in 1948 add something


As head of the Jewish Agency Political Department, Meir called the mass exodus of Arabs before the War of Independence in 1948 "dreadful" and likened it to what had befallen the Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe add something


On May 10, 1948, four days before the official establishment of the state, Meir traveled to Amman disguised as an Arab woman for a secret meeting with King Abdullah of Transjordan at which she urged him not to join the other Arab countries in attacking the Jews add something


Meir was one of 24 signatories of the Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948 add something


Meir was appointed Israel's minister plenipotentiary to the Soviet Union, with her term beginning on 2 September 1948 and ending in March 1949 add something


Le Royal Monceau Raffles Paris - In May 1948 the negotiations that led to the signature of the Israeli Declaration of Independence by David Ben Gurion and Golda Meir took place in its lounges


From 1949 to 1956, she served as Minister of Labour, introducing major housing and road construction projects add something


In 1949, Meir was elected to the Knesset as a member of Mapai and served continuously until 1974 add something


Juan Peron - Chaim Weizmann and Golda Meir expressed their gratitude during their visit to Buenos Aires in 1951


In 1956, she became Foreign Minister under Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion add something


On October 29, 1957, she was slightly injured in the foot when a Mills bomb was thrown into the debating chamber of the Knesset add something


In 1958, she was recorded as having praised the work of Pope Pius XII on behalf of the Jewish people shortly after the pontiff's death add something


Prigat - In 1958, Golda Meir, who was a foreign minister at the time, approved the "Jaffa Champion" company trademark for marketing outside of Israel


In the early 1960s, Meir was diagnosed with lymphoma add something


In January 1966, she retired from the Foreign Ministry, citing exhaustion and ill health, but soon returned to public life as secretary-general of Mapai, supporting Prime Minister Levi Eshkol in party conflicts add something


Six-Day War - Meir maintained the coalition government formed in 1967, after the Six-Day War, in which Mapai merged with two other parties to form the Israel Labour party add something


After Levi Eshkol's sudden death on February 26, 1969, the party elected Meir as his successor add something


Meir came out of retirement to take office on March 17, 1969, serving as prime minister until 1974 add something


Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister add something


Yosef Almogi - He retained his position after the 1969 elections, but was not included in Golda Meir's cabinet after the 1973 elections


Nuclear weapons and Israel - According to Israeli historian Avner Cohen, author of "Israel and the Bomb", historical evidence indicates that when Nixon met with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir at the White House in September 1969, they reached a secret understanding, where Israel would keep its nuclear program secret and refrain from carrying out nuclear tests, and the United States would tolerate Israel's possession of nuclear weapons and not press it to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty


During the 1970s about 200,000 Russian-Jewish emigrants were allowed to leave the Soviet Union for Israel by way of Austria add something


War of Attrition - In August 1970, Meir accepted a U.S. peace initiative that called for an end to the War of Attrition and an Israeli pledge to withdraw to "secure and recognized boundaries" in the framework of a comprehensive peace settlement add something


Menachem Begin - But he quit in 1970 when Prime Minister Golda Meir, under pressure from Washington, renewed a cease-fire with Egypt along the Suez Canal


Jewish-American organized crime - Prime Minister Golda Meir set out to reverse this trend in 1970 when she denied entrance to Meyer Lansky


"Golda Meir", "Encyclopedia Judaica", Keter, 1972, Jerusalem , vol add something


Aharon Yariv - After the Munich Massacre in 1972, he served as Prime Minister Golda Meir's Advisor on Counterterrorism, where he directed Operation Wrath of God


Kurt Waldheim - On 11 September 1972, Ugandan dictator Idi Amin sent a telegram to Waldheim, copies of which went to Yasser Arafat and Golda Meir


In 1973, she hosted the chancellor of West Germany, Willy Brandt, in Israel add something


When seven of these emigrants were taken hostage at the Austria-Czechoslovakian border by Palestinian Arab fighters in September 1973, Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky closed the Jewish Agency's transit facility in Schönau, Lower Austria add something


However, on October 5, 1973, Meir received official news that Syrian forces were massing on the Golan Heights add something


Her party won the elections in December 1973, but she resigned on April 11, 1974, bowing to what she felt was the "will of the people" and what she felt was a sufficient premiership as well as the pending pressures of forming a coalition; "Five years are sufficient add something


Bruno Kreisky - Kreisky referred to Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin as a terrorist, and had a stormy relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir especially during the 1973 hostage taking


Henry Kissinger - In conversation with Nixon shortly after a meeting with Golda Meir on March 1, 1973, Kissinger stated, "The emigration of Jews from the Soviet Union is not an objective of American foreign policy, and if they put Jews into gas chambers in the Soviet Union, it is not an American concern


Nuclear weapons and Israel - Yom Kippur War - On October 8, 1973, just after the start of the Yom Kippur War, Golda Meir and her closest aides decided to put eight nuclear armed F-4s at Tel Nof Airbase on 24 hour alert and as many nuclear missile launchers at Sedot Mikha Airbase operational as possible


Yom Kippur War - In 1974, after the end of the Yom Kippur War, Meir resigned as prime minister add something


In 1974, Meir was awarded the honor of World Mother by American Mothers add something


Yitzhak Rabin succeeded her on June 3, 1974 add something


Shimon Peres - In 1974, after a period as Information Minister, he was appointed Minister of Defense in the Yitzhak Rabin government, having been Rabin's chief rival for the post of Prime Minister after Golda Meir resigned in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War. During this time, Peres continued to challenge Rabin for the chairmanship of the party, but in 1977, he again lost to Rabin in the party elections.


Yitzhak Rabin - He was appointed Israeli Minister of Labour in March 1974 in Golda Meir's short-lived government


Yitzhak Rabin - Following Golda Meir's resignation in April 1974, Rabin was elected party leader, after he defeated Shimon Peres


Yitzhak Rabin - Rabin succeeded Golda Meir as Prime Minister of Israel on 3 June 1974


In 1975, Meir was awarded the Israel Prize for her special contribution to society and the State of Israel add something


In 1975, she published her autobiography, "My Life" add something


In 1977, Anne Bancroft played Meir in William Gibson's Broadway play "Golda add something

Golda Meir died in 1978 add something


On December 8, 1978, Meir died of lymphatic cancer in Jerusalem at the age of 80 add something


Michael Avallone - He wrote the novelization of the 1982 TV miniseries, "A Woman Called Golda", based on the life of Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir


Ingrid Rossellini - In 1982 she was offered the starring role in a television mini-series, "A Woman Called Golda", about the late Israeli prime minister Golda Meir


Ingrid Bergman - In 1982 she was offered the starring role in a television mini-series, "A Woman Called Golda", about the late Israeli prime minister Golda Meir


The Israeli 10,000 shekel banknote issued in November 1984 bore a portrait of Meir on one side and the image of the crowd that turned out to cheer her in Moscow on the other add something


Supporting actress Colleen Dewhurst portrayed her in the 1986 TV-movie "Sword of Gideon" add something


In 2003, the American Jewish actress Tovah Feldshuh portrayed her on Broadway in "Golda's Balcony", Gibson's second play about Meir's life add something


In 2005, actress Lynn Cohen portrayed Meir in Steven Spielberg's film "Munich add something


In 2005, she was voted the 75th-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website "Ynet" to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis add something


Tovah Feldshuh - The last, William Gibson's work about the late Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, set a record as the longest-running one-woman play in Broadway history on January 2, 2005


" Later on, Tovah Feldshuh assumed her role once again in the 2006 English-speaking French movie "O Jerusalem " add something


She was played by the Polish actress Beata Fudalej in the 2009 film "The Hope" by Márta Mészáros add something


Pope Pius's legacy as a wartime pope remains controversial as of 2012 add something


Rerieved 2015-03-21, and others add something