Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

Knowledge Identifier: +Grand_Duchess_Anastasia_Nikolaevna_of_Russia

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Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

Youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia, and his wife Alexandra Fyodorovna add

Category: Politics

Born in 1901.

Countries: Russia (53%), United States (20%), Germany (13%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Anna Anderson, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Lili Dehn

Linked to: Innsbruck Medical University, Communist Party of the Soviet Union

 

Timeline


 

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Anastasia Nikolaevna was born in 1901 add something


1907

In the autumn of 1907, Anastasia's aunt Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia was escorted to the nursery by the Tsar to meet Rasputin add something


1909

In February 1909, Rasputin sent the imperial children a telegram, advising them to "Love the whole of God's nature, the whole of His creation in particular this earth add something


1910

However, one of the girls' governesses, Sofia Ivanovna Tyutcheva, was horrified in 1910 that Rasputin was permitted access to the nursery when the four girls were in their nightgowns and wanted him barred add something

 

In the spring of 1910, Maria Ivanovna Vishnyakova, a royal governess, claimed that Rasputin had raped her add something

 

Xenia wrote on March 15, 1910 that she couldn't understand " add something


1913

Vishnyakova was kept from seeing Rasputin after she made her accusation and was eventually dismissed from her post in 1913 add something


1914

Anastasia's older sister, Maria, reportedly hemorrhaged in December 1914 during an operation to remove her tonsils, according to her paternal aunt Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, who was interviewed later in her life add something


1916

"Our Friend is so contented with our girlies, says they have gone through heavy 'courses' for their age and their souls have much developed," Alexandra wrote to Nicholas on December 6, 1916 add something

 

Despite the rumors, the imperial family's association with Rasputin continued until his murder on December 17, 1916 add something

 

She attended his funeral on December 21, 1916, and her family planned to build a church over the site of Rasputin's grave add something


1917

"Goodby," she wrote to a friend in the winter of 1917 add something

 

In February 1917, Nicholas II abdicated the throne and Anastasia and her family were placed under house arrest at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo during the Russian Revolution add something

 

After the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917, Russia quickly disintegrated into civil war add something


1918

DNA testing by multiple international laboratories such as the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory and Innsbruck Medical University confirmed that the remains belong to the Tsarevich Alexei and to one of his sisters, proving conclusively that all family members, including Anastasia, died in 1918 add something

 

She and other members of the household performed plays for the enjoyment of their parents and others in the spring of 1918 add something

 

When she was briefly imprisoned at Perm in 1918, Princess Helena Petrovna, the wife of Anastasia's distant cousin, Prince Ioann Konstantinovich of Russia, reported that a guard brought a girl who called herself Anastasia Romanova to her cell and asked if the girl was the daughter of the Tsar add something


Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia died in 1918 add something

 

On July 14, 1918, local priests at Yekaterinburg conducted a private church service for the family add something

 

But the next day, on July 15, 1918, Anastasia and her sisters appeared in good spirits as they joked and helped move the beds in their shared bedroom so that cleaning women could clean the floors add something

 

Anastasia was executed along with her family in the early morning of July 17, 1918 add something

 

She died in an extrajudicial killing by forces of the Bolshevik secret police, Cheka, with her family on July 17, 1918 add something

 

In another incident, eight witnesses reported the recapture of a young woman after an apparent escape attempt in September 1918 at a railway station at Siding 37, northwest of Perm add something


1919

Two young women claiming to be Anastasia and her sister Maria were taken in by a priest in the Ural Mountains in 1919 where they lived as nuns until their deaths in 1964 add something


1920

Anna Anderson, the most notorious Anastasia impostor, first surfaced publicly between 1920 and 1922 add something

 

Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine - When Anna Anderson surfaced in Berlin in the early 1920s, claiming to be the surviving Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Irene visited the woman, but decided that Anderson could not be the niece she had last seen in 1913


1923

The story moves to 1923, and while taking great liberties, fictitiously follows the claims of the woman known as Anna Anderson add something


1925

Nikolai Kulikovsky - In 1925, Kulikovsky accompanied his wife to a Berlin nursing home to meet Anna Anderson, who claimed to be Olga's niece, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

 

Aleksei Andreyevich Volkov - In 1925, Prince Valdemar of Denmark asked Volkov to visit Anna Anderson, who claimed to be Valdemar's great-niece, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia


1928

The earliest, made in 1928, was called "Clothes Make the Woman add something

 

The film tells the story of a woman from an asylum who appears in Paris in 1928 and is captured by several Russian émigrés who feed her information so that they can fool Anastasia's grandmother into thinking Anderson actually is her granddaughter in order to obtain a Tsarist fortune add something


1950

Lili Dehn - In the early 1950s, Dehn visited Anna Anderson, who claimed to be the rescued Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia


1953

In 1953, Peter Zamiatkin, who was reportedly a member of the guard of the Russian Imperial Family, told a 16-year-old fellow hospital patient that he had taken Anastasia and Alexei to his birth village near Odessa at the request of the Tsar add something


1954

The Bulgarian "Anastasia" called herself Eleonora Albertovna Kruger and died in 1954 add something


1956

The film took greater liberties with historical fact than the 1956 film of the same name add something

 

The most famous is probably the highly fictionalized 1956 "Anastasia" starring Ingrid Bergman as Anna Anderson, Yul Brynner as General Bounine , and Helen Hayes as the Dowager Empress Marie, Anastasia's paternal grandmother add something


1965

The story served as the basis for the short-lived 1965 musical "Anya" add something


1972

Harry Winston - Cut from a rough crystal weighing Winston had purchased in 1972, largest gem named after Anastasia Nikolaevna, daughter of Czar Nicholas II


1981

The family had previously been canonized in 1981 by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad as holy martyrs add something


1984

Anderson died in 1984 and her body was cremated add something

 

Anderson's body was cremated upon her death in 1984, but DNA testing in 1994 on available pieces of Anderson's tissue and hair showed no relation to the DNA of the Imperial family add something


1989

The "Yurovsky Note," an account of the event filed by Yurovsky to his Bolshevik superiors following the murders, was found in 1989 and detailed in Edvard Radzinsky's 1992 book "The Last Tsar add something


1991

In 1991, the presumed burial site of the Imperial family and their servants was excavated in the woods outside Yekaterinburg add something


1994

DNA tests were conducted in 1994 on a tissue sample from Anderson located in a hospital and the blood of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a grandnephew of Empress Alexandra add something


1997

The most recent film is 1997's "Anastasia", an animated musical adaptation of the story of Anastasia's fictional escape from Russia and her subsequent quest for recognition add something

 

Kirsten Dunst - In 1997, she was the voice of Young Anastasia in the animated musical film "Anastasia"


1998

In 1998, when the remains of the Imperial Family were finally interred, a body measuring approximately 5'7" was buried under the name of Anastasia add something


2000

In 2000, Anastasia and her family were canonized as passion bearers by the Russian Orthodox Church add something


2007

However, on August 23, 2007, a Russian archaeologist announced the discovery of two burned, partial skeletons at a bonfire site near Yekaterinburg that appeared to match the site described in Yurovsky's memoirs add something


2008

In January 2008, Russian scientists announced that the charred remains of a young boy and a young woman found near Ekaterinburg in August 2007 were most likely those of the thirteen-year-old Tsarevich and one of the four Romanov grand duchesses add something

 

Russian forensic scientists confirmed on April 30, 2008, that the remains were those of the Tsarevich Alexei and one of his four sisters add something


2009

But again, the back of Maria's skull shows no traces of violence, and Anastasia's burned and fragmented remains, identified in 2009, offer no clues to the cause of her death add something

 

DNA testing on the remains of the royal family proved conclusively in 2009 that Alexei suffered from Hemophilia B, a rarer form of the disease add something

 

In March 2009 the final results of the DNA testing were published by Dr. Michael Coble of the US Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, proving conclusively that the remains of all four Grand Duchesses have now been accounted for, and no one escaped add something