(Oil Gas Energy)
Jim Brulte
Los Angeles Times
John Garamendi

See also

Gray Davis

Knowledge Identifier: +Gray_Davis


Gray Davis

American Democratic politician who served as California's 37th Governor from 1999 until being recalled in 2003 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1942.

Countries: United States (48%), California (44%), New York (3%)

Main connections: California, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Enron

Linked to: Columbia Law School, Democratic Party, University of California, The Washington Post




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Gray Davis was born in 1942 add something


"'Joseph Graham"' "'Gray"'" "'Davis, Jr."' is an American Democratic politician who served as California's 37th Governor from 1999 until being recalled in 2003 add something


Born in the Bronx, New York City , Davis moved to California with his family as a child in 1954 add something


He earned a Bachelor of Arts in history at Stanford, where he was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity, graduating in 1964 with distinction add something


Vietnam War - After completing the program in 1967 he entered active duty in the United States Army, serving in the Vietnam War during its height until 1969 add something


Davis volunteered for the campaign of John V. Tunney for the United States Senate in 1970 add something


His initial political experience included working to help Tom Bradley win election as Los Angeles' first black mayor in 1973 add something


Davis ran for State Treasurer in 1974 but lost when the more popular Jesse Unruh filed to run on the deadline add something


Davis returned to California and entered politics, serving as Executive Secretary and Chief of Staff to Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown Jr. from 1975 to 1981 add something


In 1976, while Chief of Staff, Davis was suspended from the State Bar of California on the first of two occasions for failure to pay his yearly State Bar dues on time add something


He met his wife-to-be, Sharon Ryer, while on an airplane tending to official business in 1978 add something


While Brown was campaigning for President in 1980, Davis ran California in Brown's absence though Davis would later claim that "we always did what he thought Brown would have done add something


Kathryn Doi Todd - In 1981, Brown elevated Todd to the Los Angeles County Superior Court, a position she would hold until 2000 when Brown's former chief of staff, Governor Gray Davis, appointed her to the California Second District Court of Appeal, Division Two


Davis apologized and asked her out and they later married in 1983, with California Supreme Court justice Rose Bird officiating add something


In 1986, Davis ran against six other contenders in his race for State Controller; several of those candidates, including Democrat John Garamendi and Republican Bill Campbell, were arguably better known at the time add something


The cut in sales taxes was mandated due to a 1991 law that required sales taxes to be reduced a quarter percent when budget reserves exceed 4 percent of the state general fund for two straight fiscal years which they did in 1999 and 2000 add something


Davis ran against San Francisco mayor Dianne Feinstein for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate in the 1992 special election to fill the Senate seat vacated by Pete Wilson who was elected Governor of California in 1990 add something


Copyright California Voter Foundation 1994 add something


He won a landslide victory in his race for Lieutenant Governor in 1994, receiving more votes than any other Democratic candidate in America add something


Davis served as State Controller for eight years until 1995 add something


In 1998, Davis was elected the Golden State's first Democratic governor in 16 years add something


Lynn Schenk - After serving in Congress, Schenk served in various positions in the California state government under California Governor Gray Davis, including Chief of Staff, from 1998 until Davis was recalled in 2003


Phil Angelides - Garry South, Westly's campaign manager, who presided over Gray Davis' rather negative campaigns in 1998 and 2002, was criticized over using such tactics, with the environmental groups chiding him for using "false accusations


Dan Lungren - In 1998 Lungren ran as the Republican candidate for governor against Democratic Lieutenant Governor Gray Davis.


California Correctional Peace Officers Association - The CCPOA subsequently backed Gray Davis's successful campaign for governorship in 1998


As Lieutenant Governor until 1999, Gray Davis focused on efforts on the California economy and worked to encourage new industries to locate and expand in the state add something


Davis recognized the domestic partnerships registry in 1999 and, in 2001, gave same-sex partners a few of the rights enjoyed by opposite-sex spouses such as making health care decisions for an incapacitated partner, acting as a conservator and inheriting property add something


Davis' 1999 and 2000 contributions included contributions from Pacific Gas & Electric and Edison International add something


During 1999 and 2000, California spent millions on onetime projects like buying new rail cars and track improvements add something


Early in 1999, Davis sought to improve relations with Mexico add something


He signed laws in 1999 banning assault weapons by characteristic rather than brand name, as well as limiting handgun purchases to one a month, requiring trigger locks with all sales of new firearms and reducing the sale of cheap handguns add something


On March 25, 1999, Davis issued an executive order calling for the removal of MTBE from gasoline sold in the state add something


Soon after taking office, Davis was able to fast-track the first power plant construction in twelve years in April 1999, although the plant did not come on line before the electricity crisis add something


Hilda Solis - She returned in 1999 with a weakened measure, which was signed by Governor Gray Davis


Gary K. Hart - Hart served as the California Secretary of Education for Governor Gray Davis from January 1999 through March 2000


He was hurt by redistricting in 2000 that made most districts safe for the incumbent party, limiting some legislators' need and willingness to compromise add something


Rolling blackouts affecting 97,000 customers hit the San Francisco Bay area on June 14, 2000 and San Diego Gas & Electric Company filed a complaint alleging market manipulation by some energy producers in August 2000 add something


On December 7, 2000, suffering from low supply and idled power plants, the California Independent System Operator , which manages the California power grid, declared the first statewide Stage 3 power alert, meaning power reserves were below 3 percent add something


Lawrence Summers - During the California energy crisis of 2000, then-Treasury Secretary Summers teamed with Alan Greenspan and Enron executive Kenneth Lay to lecture California Governor Gray Davis on the causes of the crisis, explaining that the problem was excessive government regulation


Reed Hastings - In 2000, Governor Gray Davis appointed Hastings to the State Board of Education, and in 2001, Hastings became its president


In 2001, Davis signed a bill requiring gun buyers to pass a safety test add something


In 2001, Gov. Gray Davis signed Senate Bill 19, which establishes nutritional standards for food at elementary schools and bans the sale of carbonated beverages in elementary and middle schools add something


In 2001, in order for gas prices to remain reasonable in California while removing MTBE, Davis asked President George W. Bush to order the EPA to grant California a waiver on the federal minimum oxygen requirement add something


Davis held his strong poll numbers into January 2001 add something


On January 17, 2001, Davis declared a state of emergency in response to the electricity crisis add something


His numbers declined back to the May 2001 level and remained about the same over the next year add something


Gil Cedillo - In 2001 and 2002, then-Governor Gray Davis vetoed two of Cedillo's bills that would have permitted licenses for illegal aliens


Edward J. Davila - On August 8, 2001, California Governor Gray Davis appointed Davila to serve as a judge on the Superior Court of California for Santa Clara County


Carlos R. Moreno - Moreno resigned from the Central District of California on October 18, 2001, when he was appointed to the Supreme Court of California following his nomination by Governor Gray Davis


Bush did not grant the waiver and in 2002, Davis issued an executive order reversing his earlier executive order add something


Davis' negative ads against Riordan and a variety of other equally important factors explained on the 2002 election page, led to Riordan's defeat in the Republican primary by the more staunchly conservative candidate Bill Simon add something


During the 2002 election campaign, Davis took the unusual step of taking out campaign ads during the Republican primaries against Los Angeles mayor Richard Riordan add something


Early in the recall election, Davis called the recall election an insult to the eight million voters who had voted in the 2002 gubernatorial election add something


Ultimately, Davis did not have as much support from Hispanics and union members in the recall election as he did in his 2002 re-election add something


Davis signed the first state law in the US in July 2002 to require automakers to limit auto emissions add something


In September 2002, Governor Davis signed bills to ensure age verification was obtained for cigarettes and other tobacco products sold over the Internet or through the mail, ensured that all state taxes are being fully paid on tobacco purchases and increased the penalty for possessing or purchasing untaxed cigarettes add something


Davis was re-elected in the November 2002 general election following a long and bitter campaign against Simon, marked by accusations of ethical lapses on both sides and widespread voter apathy add something


Clint Eastwood - At times, he has supported Democrats in California, including Representative Sam Farr in 2002 and Governor Gray Davis, whom he voted for in 1998 and hosted a $5,000 per ticket fundraiser for in 2003.


Ronald Reagan - Every year since 2002, California Governors Gray Davis and Arnold Schwarzenegger have proclaimed February 6 "Ronald Reagan Day" in the state of California in honor of their most famous predecessor.


Hatton Canyon - In 2002 Governor Gray Davis signed legislation that officially transferred the property from CalTrans to California State Parks


As Davis left office in 2003, the "San Francisco Chronicle" published an editorial discussing his legacy add something


But most of these offices were eliminated in the 2003 California budget due to difficult fiscal times add something


Davis approved legislation creating a telemarketing do-not-call list in 2003 add something


Davis was Governor during the southern California fires of 2003, more commonly known as the Cedar Fire add something


In 2003, Republican leader Jim Brulte told The Los Angeles Times that Davis lacked the basics of political collegiality to pull him through hard times add something


In 2003, when Feinstein urged voters to vote no during the recall election, she was constantly reminded through questions, video and the media about the 1992 primary add something


The 2003 California recall special election was the goal of the "Dump Davis" campaign and constituted the first gubernatorial recall in Californian history and only the second in U.S. history add something


In March 2003, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's long awaited report on the so-called "energy crisis" was released add something


In July 2003, a sufficient number of citizen signatures were collected for a recall election add something


R. J. Reynolds and Lorillard Tobacco sued over California's antismoking campaign but their lawsuit was dismissed in July 2003 add something


In September 2003, Davis conceded that he had lost touch with the voters and he was trying to correct that with numerous townhall meetings add something


Davis declared a state of emergency in Los Angeles County, San Bernardino County, San Diego County and Ventura County in October 2003 and deployed the National Guard to help with disaster relief add something


On October 7, 2003, he became the second governor to be recalled in American history add something


On November 13, 2003, shortly before leaving office, Davis officially brought the energy crisis to an end by issuing a proclamation ending the state of emergency he declared on January 17, 2001 add something


Tom McClintock - In 2003 he opposed-Governor Gray Davis's attempt to rescind a rollback of a vehicle license fee.


Tammy Bruce - In 2003, Bruce was appointed to serve on Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's Transition Team after his successful recall election against Gray Davis


Larry Flynt - In 2003, Flynt was a candidate in the recall election of California governor Gray Davis, calling himself a "smut peddler who cares"


Michael D. Antonovich - In the 2003 election to recall Gray Davis, Mr. Antonovich leaned toward candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger


Darrell Issa - Issa came to national prominence in 2003 when he contributed over $1.6 million to help fund a signature-gathering drive for the petition to recall Gray Davis.


David Shuster - Later, he was in California for two months for MSNBC's television program "Hardball with Chris Matthews" as lead correspondent on the 2003 California recall election, in which Governor Gray Davis was recalled and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected


Lynn Schenk - Schenk has served on the board of the California High Speed Rail Authority since 2003 when she was appointed by Gov. Gray Davis


Barry Goldwater, Jr. - Schwarzenegger went on to win the 2003 recall election to replace Gray Davis as Governor of California


Carlos Alvarez (mayor) - The election was the largest municipal recall vote in United States history, and the 2nd largest in the U.S. of any kind, after the 2003 recall election of California governor Gray Davis


Warren Beatty - When a recall of California Governor Gray Davis was set in motion, Beatty campaigned against the 2003 special election


Bill Lockyer - An initiative to recall newly re-elected Governor Gray Davis qualified for the ballot in July 2003, with a special election, scheduled for October, to include both a referendum on the recall itself and a list of candidates vying to replace Davis if the recall succeeded


Davis was strongly viewed as a possible Democratic candidate for President in 2004 add something


In December 2004, he announced that he was joining the law firm of Loeb & Loeb add something


In a CNN interview on August 5, 2005, Davis expressed that he feels complete vindication because of the revelation that Enron manipulated the California energy market and because of Schwarzenegger's then-low approval ratings add something


He was a guest lecturer at UCLA's School of Public Policy in 2006 alongside former Republican State Senator Jim Brulte add something


In 2006, the "Los Angeles Times" published an article that credited Davis' signing of the long term projects for preventing future blackouts and providing California a cheap supply of energy with the increasing costs of energy add something


On April 23, 2007, Davis was appointed to the Board of Directors of animation company DiC Entertainment, as a non-executive add something


Accessed from LexisNexus July 22, 2007 add something


Accessed on Lexis Nexis August 10, 2007 add something


Accessed on LexisNexis August 10, 2007 add something


Accessed on LexisNexis August 10, 2007 Some experts consider that ad to be the most negative in state history add something


Accessed on LexisNexis on August 11, 2007 add something


Cruz Bustamante - He served with Governors Gray Davis and Arnold Schwarzenegger and was succeeded by John Garamendi in 2007


The law required the California Air Resources Board to obtain the "maximum feasible" cuts in greenhouse gases emitted by all non-commercial vehicles in 2009 and beyond add something


On May 21, 2009, Davis was the keynote speaker at the Columbia Law School graduation ceremony add something