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Ernst Lubitsch
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Greta Garbo

Knowledge Identifier: +Greta_Garbo

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Greta Garbo

Swedish film actress and an international star and icon during Hollywood's silent and classic periods add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1905.

Countries: United States (52%), Sweden (9%), United Kingdom (9%)

Main connections: Joan Crawford, Marlene Dietrich, Cecil Beaton

Linked to: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Kino International, Chicago Tribune, National Board of Review

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Greta Garbo.


Greta Garbo was born in 1905 add something


1913

Francis McDonald - Although never really a headlining actor, he made 41 film and television appearances between 1913 and 1965, appearing in films such as "The Temptress" in 1926 with Greta Garbo


1919

In the winter of 1919 the Spanish flu spread throughout Stockholm , and Garbo's father, to whom she was very close, became ill add something

 

Edward Molyneux - After a period working for the British fashion designer Lucile, Molyneux opened his fashion house in Paris at 14 rue Royale in 1919 , expanding to Monte Carlo in 1925, Cannes in 1927, and London in 1932, becoming known for his "never too rich or too thin" idle slim "refined at the edge of outrageous" look, frowning on superfluous decoration, and going on to dress European royalty like Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, British high society, actresses Greta Garbo, Marlene_Dietrich, Gertrude Lawrence, Margaret Leighton, and Vivien Leigh, and interior


1920

He died in 1920 when she was 14 years old add something

 

Her success led to a more lucrative job as a fashion model for PUB. In late 1920, a director of film commercials for the store began casting Garbo in roles advertising women's clothing add something

 

The commercial premiered 12 December 1920 add something

 

The first film premiered 12 December 1920, and she appeared in several other commercials during the following year add something

 

Lars Hanson - Hanson's Hollywood career as an actor steadily grew momentum during the 1920s and he was paired with Greta Garbo in two more motion pictures; MGM's 1927 box-office hit "Flesh and the Devil", which starred Garbo's offscreen lover, the successful film actor John Gilbert, and 1928's "The Divine Woman", again directed Victor Sjöström


1922

From 1922 to 1924, she studied at The Royal Dramatic Theatre's Acting School in Stockholm add something

 

In 1922, Garbo caught the attention of director Erik Arthur Petschler who gave her a part in his short comedy, "Peter the Tramp" add something

 

Mimi Pollak - Pollak attended the Royal Dramatic Theatre school in Stockholm , Sweden with fellow actress Greta Garbo from 1922 to 1924


1924

Garbo launched her career with a secondary role in the 1924 Swedish film "The Saga of Gosta Berling" add something

 

She was recruited in 1924 by the prominent Swedish director, Mauritz Stiller, to play a principal part in his classic film "The Saga of Gosta Berling", a dramatization of the famous novel by Nobel Prize winner Selma Lagerlöf add something


1925

Her performance caught the attention of Louis B. Mayer, chief executive of Metro Goldwyn Mayer , who brought her to Hollywood in 1925 add something

 

She followed her role in "Gosta Berling" with a starring role in the 1925 German film "Die freudlose Gasse" , directed by G. W. Pabst and co-starring Asta Nielsen add something

 

In any case, a contract was drafted that included both of them and after several months, the two set sail for America on the last day of June 1925 add something

 

Roy D'Arcy - He appeared in 50 different films between 1925 and 1939, such as "The Temptress" in 1926 with actresses such as Greta Garbo

 

Hugo Bettauer - In the film version of "Die freudlose Gasse" , Greta Garbo made her international screen debut, and in "Stadt ohne Juden", which was filmed in 1924 under the director Hans Karl Breslauer, both Hans Moser and Ferdinand Maierhofer made theirs

 

Renate Brausewetter - She made her screen debut in 1925's "Die freudlose Gasse" , appearing alongside Greta Garbo


1926

Her most famous romance was with her frequent co-star, John Gilbert, with whom she lived intermittently in 1926 and 1927 add something

 

Legend has it that when a double marriage was arranged in 1926 , Garbo failed to appear at the ceremony add something

 

She immediately stirred interest with her first silent film, "Torrent", released in 1926; a year later, her performance in "Flesh and the Devil", her third movie, made her an international star add something

 

Lionel Barrymore - After 1926, however, he worked almost exclusively for "MGM", appearing opposite such luminaries as John Gilbert, Lon Chaney, Sr., Jean Harlow, Wallace Beery, Marie Dressler, Greta Garbo, Clark_Gable, Spencer Tracy, and his brother John

 

Antonio Moreno - In 1926 Moreno starred opposite Swedish acting legend Greta Garbo in "The Temptress" and the following year followed up with a starring role in the enormous box-office hit Clara Bow vehicle "It"

 

Virginia Brown Faire - In 1926 she had a small role in the Greta Garbo film "The Temptress"

 

John Gilbert (actor) - In 1926, Gilbert made "Flesh and the Devil", his first film with Greta Garbo

 

Fred Niblo - Niblo followed up on this success with two major 1926 works, "The Temptress" starring Greta Garbo in her second film in America, and Norma Talmadge in "Camille"

 

Barbara Kent - She made a strong impression as the heroine pitted against Greta Garbo's femme fatale in "Flesh and the Devil" in 1926 after Universal had loaned Kent to MGM to make the film


1927

Philippe De Lacy - Also in 1927 he starred with Greta Garbo and John Gilbert in "Love", an updated version of the Tolstoy novel "Anna Karenina" in which he played the young son of Anna, Serezha Karenin


1928

Profits from her third movie with Gilbert, "A Woman of Affairs", catapulted her to top Metro star of the 1928-29 box office season add something

 

Nils Asther - By 1928 his good looks had made him into a leading man, playing opposite such stars as Pola Negri, Marion Davies, Joan Crawford and Greta Garbo, with whom he made two films

 

Lilyan Tashman - In 1928, Tashman was introduced to Greta Garbo and began a relationship with her the same day

 

Edward Steichen - Steichen's 1928 photo of actress Greta Garbo is recognized as one of the definitive portraits of Garbo


1929

In 1929, reviewer Pierre de Rohan wrote in the "New York Telegraph", "She has a glamour and fascination for both sexes which have never been equaled on the screen" add something

 

Lew Ayres - Ayres played opposite Greta Garbo in 1929's "The Kiss," but it was his leading role in 1930's "All Quiet on the Western Front" which made him a star

 

Jacques Feyder - By this time Feyder had accepted an offer from MGM to work in Hollywood, where in 1929 his first project was directing Greta Garbo in "The Kiss", her last silent film


1930

After learning of Pollak's pregnancy in 1930, for example, Garbo wrote, "We cannot help our nature, as God has created it add something

 

Although her domestic popularity was undiminished through the early 1930s, high profits from her films after "Queen Christina" in 1933 depended on the foreign market add something

 

By the early 1930s, the phrase had become indelibly linked to Garbo's public and private personae add something

 

Garbo was nominated four times for an Academy award for Best Actress, including twice in 1930, for "Anna Christie" and "Romance" add something

 

Queen Grimhilde - Also noted was her resemblance to two 1930s American movie stars from Europe, Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich

 

Melvyn Douglas - Coming to prominence in the 1930s as a suave leading man with Greta Garbo in her first comedy, Douglas later transitioned into more mature and fatherly roles as in his Academy *award-winning performances in "Hud" and "Being There"

 

Marie Dressler - Frances Marion persuaded Thalberg to give Dressler the role of Marthy, the old harridan who welcomes Greta Garbo home after the search for her father, in the 1930 film "Anna Christie"

 

Ruth Gordon - Gordon was signed to an MGM film contract for a brief period in the early 1930s but did not make a movie for the company until she acted opposite Greta Garbo in "Two-Faced Woman" in 1941

 

Victor Sjostrom - He went on to direct great stars of the day such as Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lillian Gish, Lon Chaney, and Norma Shearer in another eight films in America before his first talkie in 1930

 

Joan Crawford - In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo

 

Madeleine Vionnet - With her bias cut clothes, Vionnet dominated haute couture in the 1930s setting trends with her sensual gowns worn by such stars as Marlene Dietrich, Katharine Hepburn and Greta Garbo


1931

A German version of "Anna Christie" was made in 1930 add something

 

In 1931, she played the World War I spy in "Mata Hari", opposite screen idol Ramón Novarro, and in 1932 she was part of an all-star cast in "Grand Hotel" in which she played a Russian ballerina add something

 

Judith Anderson - In 1931, she played the Unknown Woman in the American premiere of Pirandello's "As You Desire Me", filmed the following year with Garbo in the same role


1932

Following a contract dispute with MGM, Garbo signed a new contract with the studio in 1932 which gave her more control over her films and co-stars add something

 

In 1932, popularity allowed her to dictate the terms of her contract and she became increasingly choosy about her roles add something


1933

"I am very happy one moment, the next there is nothing left for me", she said in 1933 add something

 

Axel Oxenstierna - He was played by Lewis Stone in Rouben Mamoulian's 1933 Hollywood movie "Queen Christina", with Greta Garbo as the female lead role, by Cyril Cusack in Anthony Harvey's "The Abdication" and by Michael Nyqvist in Mika Kaurismäki's "The Girl King"

 

Mildred Shay - Mildred was tied to a chariot in 1933's "Roman Scandals" and was a voice double for Greta Garbo in the 1932 epic "Grand Hotel"

 

Queen Christina (film) - The film was directed by Rouben Mamoulian in 1933, and written by H. M. Harwood and Salka Viertel, with dialogue by S. N. Behrman, based on a story by Salka Viertel and Margaret P. Levino. Leading roles are played by Greta Garbo and John Gilbert, whose career heavily declined with the rise of talkies


1934

Cecilia Parker - After playing the sister of Greta Garbo in 1934's "The Painted Veil", Parker signed a seven-year contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer


1935

In 1935, David O. Selznick wanted to cast her as the dying heiress in "Dark Victory", but Garbo chose Tolstoy's "Anna Karenina" in which she played another of her renowned roles add something

 

She twice received the New York Film Critics Circle award for Best Actress for "Anna Karenina", 1935, and "Camille", 1936 add something


 

She won the National Board of Review Best Acting award for "Camille", 1936, "Ninotchka", 1939, and "Two-Faced Woman", 1941 add something


1937

In 1937, Garbo was nominated for "Camille", but Luise Rainer won for "The Good Earth" add something

 

In 1937, she met conductor Leopold Stokowski with whom she had a highly publicized friendship or romance while traveling throughout Europe the following year add something

 

The Swedish royal medal, Litteris et Artibus, awarded to people who have made important contributions to culture, especially music, dramatic art or literature, was presented to Garbo in January 1937 add something

 

Jules C. Stein - In 1937, MCA opened shop in Hollywood and became the agent for such stars as Bette Davis, Betty Grable, Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, Eddie Cantor, Ingrid Bergman, Frank Sinatra and Jack Benny


1938

Aldous Huxley - Madame Curie - In March 1938, his friend Anita Loos, a novelist and screenwriter, put him in touch with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer who hired Huxley for "Madame Curie" which was originally to star Greta Garbo and be directed by George Cukor

 

Katharine Hepburn - In May 1938, the Independent Theatre Owners of America included Hepburn on a list of actors considered "Box Office Poison"; others included Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, Mae_West, Marlene Dietrich, and Kay Francis


1939

Finally, in 1939, Garbo was nominated for "Ninotchka", but again came away empty-handed add something

 

Ernst Lubitsch - In 1939, Lubitsch moved to MGM, and directed Greta Garbo in Ninotchka.

 

Ina Claire - In films, she is best known as the Grand Duchess in the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer political satire "Ninotchka" directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo

 

Rouben Mamoulian - This had been one of Porter's less successful stage musicals and was based on the 1939 Greta Garbo classic "Ninotchka"


1940

Beginning in the 1940s, She became something of an art collector add something

 

In 1940, she met the Russian-born millionaire, George Schlee, who was married to fashion designer Valentina add something

 

She was offered many roles in the 1940s and throughout her retirement years but she rejected all but a few of them add something

 

Roland Young - He continued working steadily through the 1940s, playing small roles opposite some of Hollywood's leading actresses, such as Joan Crawford, Marlene Dietrich, Paulette Goddard and Greta Garbo in her final film, "Two-Faced Woman"


1941

In 1941, she retired after appearing in only twenty-eight films add something

 

In his diary, Erich Maria Remarque discusses a liaison with Garbo in 1941 and in his memoir, Cecil Beaton described an affair with her in 1947 and 1948 add something

 

Gottfried Reinhardt - In 1941 he produced "Two-Faced Woman" starring Greta Garbo in her final film role


1942

But her films depended on the European market and when it fell through with the war, finding a vehicle was problematic for MGM. She signed a one picture deal in 1942 to make "The Girl from Leningrad" but the project quickly dissolved add something


1945

Salka Viertel, Garbo's close friend and collaborator, said in 1945, "Greta is impatient to work add something


1949

She made several screen tests, learned the script, and arrived in Rome in the summer of 1949 to shoot the picture add something

 

James Wong Howe - In 1949 he shot tests and was hired for a never made comeback film starring Greta Garbo


1950

In a 1950 "Daily Variety" opinion poll, Garbo was voted Best Actress of the Half Century, add something

 

Gracie Fields - It was favoured by many Hollywood stars during the 1950s, with regular guests including Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Greta Garbo and Noël Coward


1951

On 9 February 1951, she became a naturalized citizen of the United States add something


 

Garbo was nominated four times for an Academy award and received an honorary one in 1954 for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances" add something


1956

Clarissa Eden, Countess of Avon - For example, Cecil Beaton and Greta Garbo visited 10 Downing Street at her invitation in October 1956


 

In 1957, Garbo was awarded The George Eastman award, given by George Eastman House for distinguished contribution to the art of film add something

 

Cyd Charisse - In 1957, she rejoined Astaire in the film version of "Silk Stockings", a musical remake of 1939's "Ninotchka", with Charisse taking over Greta Garbo's role


1964

Schlee, who split his time between the two, became Garbo's close companion and advisor until his death in 1964 add something


1969

In 1969, Italian motion picture director Luchino Visconti allegedly attempted to bring Garbo back to the screen with a small part, Maria Sophia, Queen of Naples, in his adaptation of Proust's "Remembrance of Things Past" add something


1970

Derek Hill (painter) - Greta Garbo visited Hill in the 1970s, a visit which formed inspiration for Frank McGuinness' 2010 play " Greta Garbo Came to Donegal"


1971

To another friend she said in 1971, "I suppose I suffer from very deep depression" add something


1975

In 1975, she wrote a poem about not being able to touch the hand of her friend with whom she might have been walking through life add something


1977

Brad Steiger - He has written biographies on Greta Garbo, Judy_Garland, and Rudolph Valentino, the latter of which was adapted as a film in 1977


1978

Bill Cunningham (American photographer) - After taking a chance photograph of Greta Garbo, he published a group of impromptu pictures in the "Times" in December 1978, which soon became a regular series


1983

In November 1983, Garbo was made a Commander of the Swedish Order of the Polar Star by order of King Carl XVI Gustaf, the King of Sweden add something


1984

She had been successfully treated for breast cancer in 1984 add something

 

Betty Comden - In 1984, filmmaker Sidney Lumet directed a film about Greta Garbo, "Garbo Talks", starring Anne Bancroft and Ron Silver


1990

Her art collection was worth millions when she died in 1990 add something


Greta Garbo died in 1990 add something


1994

Clarissa Eden, Countess of Avon - Cecil Beaton, diary quoted in Hugo Vickers "Loving Garbo" which were growing in popularity among young people in the 1950s


1999

Garbo was cremated and her ashes were interred in 1999 at Skogskyrkogården Cemetery just south of her native Stockholm add something


2003

Michael Curtiz - "Authorship and Film", Psychology Press When the early 1930s had Warners struggling to compete with studio giants like MGM, which was releasing blockbuster costumed hits like "Queen Christina" , with Greta Garbo, "Treasure Island" and "The Count of Monte Cristo" , they decided to take a chance and produce their own costumed drama


2005

In 2005 Swedish actress, Mimi Pollak, a close friend in drama school, released sixty letters Garbo had written her in their long correspondence add something

 

Parts of the footage were included in the 2005 TCM documentary "Garbo" add something

 

Garbo appears on a number of postage stamps, and in September 2005, the United States Postal Service and Swedish Posten jointly issued two commemorative stamps bearing her image add something


2006

Turner Classic Movies - As of 2006, films which have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film "Camille", two Lon Chaney films: 1921's "The Ace of Hearts" and 1928's "Laugh, Clown, Laugh" and Greta Garbo's 1926 film "The Temptress"


2011

Verdura (jeweler) - In the fall of 2011, Verdura recreated designs made for screen stars like Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, and Joan Crawford