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Gulf War syndrome
(Health disease)
Panavia Tornado
(Aerospace and Defence)
United Nations
(Politics)
George H. W. Bush
(Politics)
Persian Gulf
(Geographical area)
Iraqi Army
(Military)
Saddam Hussein
(Politics)
 

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Gulf War

Knowledge Identifier: !Gulf_War

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Gulf War

War waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Ba'athist Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait add

Category: Military

Activity starting in 1990.

Countries: United States (34%), United Kingdom (11%), (11%)

Main connections: Gulf War syndrome, Panavia Tornado, United Nations

Linked to: BBC, CNN, Iraqi Army, Nature

 

Timeline


 

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1990

During the late 1990s, the U.N. considered relaxing the sanctions imposed because of the hardships suffered by ordinary Iraqis add something

 

Michael Graydon - Promoted to air chief marshal on 31 May 1990, he became Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief at RAF Strike Command serving in that role during the Gulf War in 1991

 

In early July 1990, Iraq complained about Kuwait's behavior, such as not respecting their quota, and openly threatened to take military action add something

 

Another Iraqi proposal communicated in August 1990 was delivered to U.S. National Security Advisor Brent Scowcroft by an unidentified Iraqi official add something

 

Kuwait's invasion by Iraqi troops that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the U.N. Security Council add something

 

On 2 August 1990, Iraq launched the invasion by bombing Kuwait's capital, Kuwait_City add something

 

On 6 August 1990, after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, the U.N. Security Council adopted Resolution 661 which imposed economic sanctions on Iraq, providing for a full trade embargo, excluding medical supplies, food and other items of humanitarian necessity, these to be determined by the Council's sanctions committee add something

 

Operation Desert Shield began on 7 August 1990 when U.S. troops were sent to Saudi Arabia due to the request of its monarch, King Fahd, who had earlier called for U.S. military assistance add something

 

On 12 August 1990, Saddam called for compromise via Baghdad radio and the former Iraqi News Agency add something

 

During a speech in a special joint session of the U.S. Congress given on 11 September 1990, U.S. President George H. W. Bush summed up the reasons with the following remarks: "Within three days, 0120 000 Iraqi troops with 0850 tanks had poured into Kuwait and moved south to threaten Saudi Arabia add something

 

Rupert Smith - Gulf War - In October 1990 Smith was promoted major-general taking command of the 1st Armoured Division which he led during the Gulf War

 

Allan Hamilton - Three times, Dr. Hamilton was called to active duty in the Army, including in November 1990, when Dr. Hamilton was called up for the third time as part Operation Desert Storm

 

Bill Wratten - Gulf War - As an Air Vice Marshal, he was Air Commander British Forces Middle East from 17 November 1990 until the end of the Gulf War

 

On 29 November 1990, the Security Council passed Resolution 678 which gave Iraq until 15 January 1991 to withdraw from Kuwait and empowered states to use "all necessary means" to force Iraq out of Kuwait after the deadline add something

 

One of the most important was Resolution 678, passed on 29 November 1990, which gave Iraq a withdrawal deadline until 15 January 1991, and authorized "all necessary means to uphold and implement Resolution 660", and a diplomatic formulation authorizing the use of force if Iraq failed to comply add something

 

In December 1990, Iraq made a proposal to withdraw from Kuwait provided that their forces were not attacked as they left, and that a consensus was reached regarding the banning of WMD in the Palestinian region add something

 

W. Nathaniel Howell - Gulf War - For reasons best known to himself, Saddam relented and allowed all persons on the compound to leave overland, by way of Baghdad , in mid-December 1990, before the start of the Gulf War


1991

Also, when U.S. Secretary of State James Baker met with Tariq Aziz in Geneva, Switzerland, for last minute peace talks in early 1991, Aziz reportedly made no concrete proposals and did not outline any hypothetical Iraqi moves add something

 

Formerly covering an area of around 3,000 square kilometers, the large complex of wetlands were almost completely emptied of water, and the local Shi'ite population relocated, following the war and 1991 uprisings add something

 

From 1991 until 2003, the effects of government policy and sanctions regime led to hyperinflation, widespread poverty and malnutrition add something

 

I don't think you could have done all of that without significant additional U.S. casualties, and while everybody was tremendously impressed with the low cost of the conflict, for the 0146 Americans who were killed in action and for their families, it wasn't a cheap war add something

 

Operation Southern Watch enforced the no-fly zones over southern Iraq set up after 1991; oil exports through the Persian Gulf's shipping lanes were protected by the Bahrain-based U.S. Fifth Fleet add something

 

The Overseas Development Institute undertook a study in 1991 to assess the effects on developing states and the international community's response add something

 

The organization Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting critically analyzed media coverage during the war in various articles and books, such as the 1991 "Gulf War Coverage: The Worst Censorship was at Home" add something

 

Charles Goodson-Wickes - First Gulf War - He re-enlisted in 1991 as a Lieutenant Colonel to serve in the First Gulf War with the HQ 7th Armoured Brigade, seeing action in the liberation of Kuwait through Saudi Arabia and Iraq

 

Hosni Mubarak - Gulf War - Egypt was a member of the allied coalition in the 1991 Gulf War, and Egyptian infantry were some of the first to land in Saudi Arabia to evict Iraqi forces from Kuwait

 

Michael Berg - Gulf War - According to his website, "In 1991, when the United States invaded Iraq in the Gulf War, Berg intensified his protest activities despite reprimands from his school's administrator

 

John King (journalist) - Gulf War - Also in 1991, King won the top reporting prize from the Associated Press Managing Editors' Association for his coverage of the Gulf War in Kuwait

 

David L. Boren - Gulf War - Boren decided in 1991 to vote against the Persian Gulf War, surprising most political observers

 

Patrick Bloche - Gulf War - But in 1991, is one of the supporters of the commitment of France in the Gulf War, and for this reason he broke definitively with Jean-Pierre Chevenement and Georges Sarre

 

Directorate-General for External Security - Gulf War - Combining the skills and knowledge of five military groups, the DRM was created to close the intelligence gaps of the 1991 Gulf War

 

John Hockenberry - Gulf War - During his 15 years with NPR, he covered many areas of the world, including an assignment as a Middle East correspondent, reporting on the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and 1992

 

Michael Oren - Gulf War - During the 1991 Gulf War he was Israeli liaison officer to the United States Sixth Fleet

 

Andy Van Slyke - Gulf War - During the 1991 Gulf War, when the MLB decreed all players would wear both the Canadian and U.S. flags on their batting helmets as a patriotic gesture, Van Slyke scraped the Maple Leaf off his helmet because, in his words "Canada is a pacifist, socialist country

 

Antonio Maldonado - Gulf War - During the Persian Gulf War in 1991 he coordinated the overall US offensive operations from Spain

 

Reed Irvine - Gulf War - During the Persian Gulf War in 1991, "he accused CNN and its reporter Peter Arnett of airing 'Saddam Hussein's version of the truth

 

Rahm Emanuel - Gulf War - Emanuel was a civilian volunteer assisting the Israel Defense Forces for a short time during the 1991 Gulf War, repairing truck brakes in one of Israel's northern bases with Sar-El

 

Bernard E. Trainor - Gulf War - He and Michael R. Gordon have written two books together: "The Generals' War", which covers the 1991 Gulf War, and "Cobra II", which covers the Iraq War begun in 2003

 

Warner Wolf - Gulf War - He broadcasted live sports reports for Israeli television during the 1991 Gulf War

 

Howell Heflin - Gulf War - He supported the Gulf War of 1991 and opposed cuts in defense spending

 

Michael Willcocks - Gulf War - He went on to be Assistant Chief of Staff for Land Operations at the Joint War Headquarters for the Gulf War in 1991, Director of Army Plans and Programme at the Ministry of Defence in 1991 and Director-General Land Warfare at the Ministry of Defence in 1993

 

Utah Phillips - Gulf War - In 1991 Phillips recorded, in one take, an album of song, poetry and short stories entitled "I've Got To Know", inspired by his anger at the first Gulf War

 

Alistair Hulett - Gulf War - In 1991 while living in Australia, Hulett joined the International Socialist Organisation after becoming radicalised by the Gulf War

 

Jean-Edern Hallier - Gulf War - In 1991, "L'Idiot international" was one of the French newspapers which opposed participation to the Gulf War, and Jean-Edern Hallier went to Iraq to cover the hostilities

 

Abu Qatada - Gulf War - In 1991, after the Gulf War, Abu Qatada was expelled from Kuwait along with many other Palestinians

 

Pierre Joxe - Gulf War - In 1991, during the Gulf War, he served as Defense Minister

 

Mohamed Hussein Tantawi - Gulf War - In 1991, he commanded an Egyptian Army unit in the U.S.-led Gulf War against Iraq to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, which it invaded in 1990

 

Mustafa Tlass - Gulf War - In 1991, when Syria was participating on the Coalition side in the Gulf War, Tlass stated that he felt "an overwhelming joy" when Saddam Hussein sent SCUD-missiles towards Israel

 

National Front (France) - Gulf War - In other issues, Le Pen opposed the invasions of Iraq, led by the United States, both in the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 Iraq War

 

Peter Jennings - Gulf War - Jennings was known for his marathon coverage of breaking news stories, staying on the air for 15 or more hours straight to anchor the live broadcast of events such as the outbreak of the Gulf War in 1991, the Millennium celebrations in 2000, and the September 11 attacks in 2001

 

Khaled Mashal - Gulf War - Mashal lived in Kuwait until the 1991 Gulf War

 

Brian Mulroney - Gulf War - Mulroney supported the United Nations coalition during the 1991 Gulf War and when the UN authorized full use of force in the operation, Canada sent a CF-18 squadron with support personnel and a field hospital to deal with casualties from the ground war as well as a company of The Royal Canadian Regiment to safeguard these ground elements

 

Michael Nicholson - Gulf War - On resuming his career as a war reporter, Nicholson soon became involved in reporting on the first Gulf War, named Journalist of the Year in 1991

 

Jesse Jackson - Gulf War - On the eve of the 1991 Persian Gulf War, Jackson made a trip to Iraq, to plead to Saddam Hussein for the release of foreign nationals held there as the "human shield", securing the release of several British and twenty American individuals

 

Qusay Hussein - Gulf War - Qusay played a role in crushing the Shiite uprising in the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War and is thought to have masterminded the destruction of the southern marshes of Iraq

 

Louis R. Rocco - Gulf War - Rocco returned to active duty in 1991 during the Gulf War and was stationed at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas, where he recruited medical personnel

 

Stefanie Powers - Gulf War - She starred briefly in a 1991 London musical, "Matador", which closed prematurely due to the sharp drop in tourism during the Persian Gulf War

 

George Sinner - Gulf War - The North Dakota National Guard was called to serve in the Gulf War in 1991 as part of Operation Desert Storm

 

Charles Jaco - Gulf War - While covering the Gulf War for CNN in 1991, he proposed to fellow CNN correspondent Pat Neal

 

Jim Leach - Gulf War - While he supported the first Gulf War in 1991, Leach voted against the authorization to use force against Iraq in 2002

 

C-SPAN - A few important debates in Congress that C-SPAN has covered live include the Persian Gulf conflict during 1991, and the House impeachment vote and Senate trial of President Bill Clinton

 

Michael Strobl - After serving in Operation Desert Storm in 1991, Strobl was assigned a desk job at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Quantico, Virginia during Operation Iraqi Freedom

 

Chad Hennings - After the 1991 Gulf War, the United States military underwent an across the board reduction in budget and Hennings was able to have the remaining four years of his active-duty commitment waived, which was unprecedented at the time

 

Garmin - Another early product, a handheld GPS receiver, proved popular with military personnel serving in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia during the 1991 Gulf War

 

Joe Biden - Biden had voted against authorization for the Gulf War in 1991, siding with 45 of the 55 Democratic senators; he said the U.S. was bearing almost all the burden in the anti-Iraq coalition.

 

Adel Iskandar - Born to an Egyptian family of physicians in Edinburgh, Scotland, he grew up in Kuwait, escaping the Iraqi invasion and the 1991 Persian Gulf War

 

Charles B. Rangel - During the 1991 Gulf War, Rangel demanded that Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell investigate allegations of discrimination from black members of the New York Army National Guard regarding combat training and treatment.

 

George Galloway - Galloway opposed the 1991 Gulf War and was critical of the effect the subsequent sanctions had on the people of Iraq

 

Hafez al-Assad - He agreed to join the United States-led coalition against Iraq in the Gulf War in 1991

 

Douglas Hurd - He oversaw Britain's diplomatic responses to the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, as well as the first Gulf War to drive Iraqi troops out of Kuwait

 

Antonio Maldonado - He provided overall coordination for US offensive operations out of Spain during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

 

Juju Chang - Her off-air reporting assignments included the 1991 Gulf War and the 1992 U.S. presidential election

 

Kathy Mattea - In 1991, Mattea took part in "Voices That Care", a multi-artist project that featured other top names in music for a one-off single to raise money for the allied troops in the Gulf War

 

Raytheon - In 1991, during the Persian Gulf War, Raytheon's Patriot missile received great international exposure, resulting in a substantial increase in sales for the company outside the United States

 

John Kerry - In 1991, during the debate before the Gulf War, Kerry initially opposed the immediate use of military force to expel Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait

 

Elizabeth II - In 1991, in the wake of victory in the Gulf War, Elizabeth became the first British monarch to address a joint session of the United States Congress.

 

Donna Fargo - In 1991, she released the song "Soldier Boy," a reference to the Gulf War which was going on at the time

 

William Pagonis - Lieutenant General "'William Gus Pagonis"' was the director of Logistics during the Gulf War of 1991 and is widely recognized for his logistical achievements particularly during Desert Storm

 

John Major - Major was Prime Minister during the first Gulf War of 1991, and played a key role in persuading US President George H. W. Bush to support no-fly zones

 

Simon Wessely - More recently, Wessely's work was the first to show that service in the 1991 Gulf War had had a significant effect on the health of UK servicemen and women

 

Jean Baudrillard - Part of Baudrillard's public profile, as both an academic and a political commentator, comes from his 1991 book, titled for its provocative main thesis, "The Gulf War Did Not Take Place".

 

Serena Wilson - Serena and Rip's success continued unabated until the Gulf War in 1991, when American attitudes toward all things Middle Eastern soured

 

Terry Southern - Southern's last two major articles were published during 1991; a piece on the Texas band ZZ Top appeared in the February edition of "Spin", and an article on the Gulf War appeared in "The Nation" on July 8

 

Michael Kelly (editor) - While working freelance, his writing appeared in "The Boston Globe" and "GQ" and the "The New Republic" published his reporting on the Persian Gulf War in 1991

 

Iraq was known to have a nuclear weapons program, but the report about it from January 1991 was partially declassified by the CIA on 26 May 2001 add something

 

Bob Simon - Gulf War - During the opening days of the Gulf War in January 1991, Simon and his CBS News team were captured by Iraqi forces and spent 40 days in Iraqi prisons; he later chronicled the experience in the book, "Forty Days"

 

Harry Reid - Gulf War - In January 1991 he voted to authorize the first Gulf War

 

On 14 January 1991, France proposed that the U.N. Security Council call for "a rapid and massive withdrawal" from Kuwait along with a statement to Iraq that Council members would bring their "active contribution" to a settlement of the region's other problems, "in particular, of the Arab-Israeli conflict and in particular to the Palestinian problem by convening, at an add something

 

David Peleg - Gulf War - Before the outbreak of the Gulf War on 14 January 1991, Peleg as Minister of Information of the Israeli Embassy in Washington, was interviewed by Tom Leykis and the interview was carried nationally on C-SPAN,

 

In the United States, the "big three" network anchors led the war's network news coverage: ABC's Peter Jennings, CBS's Dan Rather, and NBC's Tom Brokaw were anchoring their evening newscasts when air strikes began on 16 January 1991 add something

 

Peter Jennings - When the Gulf War started on January 16, 1991, Jennings began a marathon anchoring stint to cover the story, spending 20 of the first 48 hours of the war on-air, and leading ABC News to its highest-ever ratings

 

The Gulf War began with an extensive aerial bombing campaign on 17 January 1991 add something

 

The initial conflict to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait began with an aerial bombardment on 17 January 1991 add something

 

Mark I. Fox - His combat highlights include scoring the first Navy MiG kill of Operation Desert Storm prior to dropping his bombs on an airfield in western Iraq on January 17, 1991, and leading the opening "Shock and Awe" strike of Operation Iraqi Freedom on March 21, 2003

 

Newspapers all over the world covered the war and "Time" magazine published a special issue dated 28 January 1991, the headline "WAR IN THE GULF" emblazoned on the cover over a picture of Baghdad taken as the war began add something

 

The fires started in January 0 and February 1991 and the last one was extinguished by November 1991 add something

 

The rebellions were encouraged by an airing of "The Voice of Free Iraq" on 2 February 1991, which was broadcast from a CIA-run radio station out of Saudi Arabia add something

 

Elements of the 2nd Brigade, 1st Battalion 5th Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Division of the U.S. Army performed a direct attack into Iraq on 15 February 1991, followed by one in force on 20 February 0 that led directly through 7 Iraqi divisions which were caught off guard add something

 

On 22 February 1991, Iraq agreed to a Soviet-proposed ceasefire agreement add something

 

On 24 February 1991, the 1st and 2nd Marine Divisions, and the 1st Light Armored Infantry Battalion crossed into Kuwait and headed toward Kuwait_City add something

 

On 25 February 1991, Iraqi forces fired a Scud missile at an American barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia add something

 

The largest single loss of life among Coalition forces happened on 25 February 1991, when an Iraqi Al Hussein missile hit a U.S. military barrack in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 28 U.S. Army Reservists from Pennsylvania add something

 

The exodus took place during one week in March 1991, following Kuwait's liberation from Iraqi occupation add something

 

Billy Graham - Gulf War - In March 1991, Graham said in reference to the Persian Gulf War, "As our President, President Bush, has said, it is not the people of Iraq we are at war with

 

John Major - Maastricht Treaty - Early in his term, Major presided over British participation in the Gulf War in March 1991 and claimed to have negotiated "Game, Set and Match for Britain" at the Maastricht Treaty in December 1991

 

Richard Vincent, Baron Vincent of Coleshill - Vincent became Chief of the Defence Staff in the aftermath of the Gulf War in March 1991

 

On 10 March 1991, 0540 000 U.S. troops began moving out of the Persian Gulf add something

 

The largest accident among Coalition forces happened on 21 March 1991, a Royal Saudi Air Force C-130H crashed in heavy smoke on approach to Ras Al-Mishab Airport, Saudi Arabia add something


1992

In 1992, the U.S. Defense Secretary during the war, Dick Cheney, made the same point: add something

 

Steve Kroft - Gulf War - A 1992 segment which detailed a friendly fire incident in the Gulf War won him his first Peabody Award

 

Lloyd Bentsen - Gulf War - Bentsen considered running for president in 1992, but he, along with many other Democrats, backed out because of Bush's apparent popularity following the successful Gulf War

 

Eliza Manningham-Buller, Baroness Manningham-Buller - Gulf War - She was a senior liaison working out of Washington, D.C. to the US intelligence community over the period of the first Gulf War, before leading the newly-created Irish counter-terrorism section from 1992 when MI5 were given the lead responsibility for such work

 

Rodney Taylor - Gulf War - Taylor was consequently appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in the 1992 Australia Day Honours List for his efforts as Assistant Chief of Defence Force during the Gulf War.

 

Ernesto Balducci - Peace - He campaigned against the grounds of war, both before and after the Gulf war, and used the five hundredth anniversary in 1992 of the Christopher Columbus' discovery of America, as the occasion to put the very foundations of modernity in question, and these campaigns became a point of reference for the large Italian peace movement

 

George H. W. Bush - Bush announced his reelection bid in early 1992; with a coalition victory in the Persian Gulf War and high approval ratings, reelection initially looked likely

 

Eric Shawn - During his time there, he covered the Unabomber arrest, the Gulf War, the 1992 Clinton campaign and the 1995 murder trial of O.J. Simpson

 

Jean Dreze - His 1992 article with Haris Gazdar, "Hunger and Poverty in Iraq, 1991", was one of the first assessments of Iraq's economy after the Gulf war, and an early warning about the potential human costs of the Iraq sanctions

 

Theodore Postol - In April 1992, Postol told a House committee that "the Patriot's intercept rate during the Gulf War was very low


1993

Peter Sellars - Gulf War - He directed an important production of "The Persians" at the Edinburgh Festival in 1993, which articulated the play as a response to the Gulf War of 1990-1991

 

Alberto Terrile - Gulf War - In 1993 Terrile is in Baghdad , Iraq to document the people's condition in the embargo-starved country, two years after the first Gulf war

 

David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham - Gulf War - This period included the United Kingdom's involvement in the Gulf War He was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1993 New Year Honours He stepped down as AG on 17 May 1993, and retired from the army on 13 July 1993

 

Mahmoud Abbas - Gulf War - Abbas was the first PLO official to visit Saudi Arabia after the Gulf War in January 1993 to mend fences with the Gulf countries for the PLO's support of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War. At the 1993 peace accord with Israel, Abbas was the signatory for the PLO on 13 September 1993


1994

John Allen Muhammad - Gulf War - He was discharged from military service following the Gulf War, as a sergeant, in 1994 after service in the Persian Gulf

 

Frederick Forsyth - Gulf War - In 1994, Forsyth published "The Fist of God", a novel which concerns the first Gulf War

 

Eric Boe - Gulf War - In 1994, following transition training in the F-15 Eagle at Tyndall AFB, Florida, he was assigned to the 33rd Fighter Wing's 60th Fighter Squadron at Eglin AFB, Florida, serving as a flight commander in the F-15C. He flew 55 combat missions over Iraq in support of Operation Southern Watch after the first Gulf War


1995

Andrew Natsios - Gulf War - A 23-year veteran of the U.S. Army Reserves, Natsios retired in 1995 with the rank of lieutenant colonel after having served in the Gulf War

 

Joe Miller (Alaska politician) - Gulf War - He is a 1995 graduate of Yale Law School, a combat veteran of the 1991 Gulf War, and a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point


1996

In 1996, bin Laden issued a fatwa, calling for U.S. troops to leave Saudi Arabia add something

 

Paul Greengrass - Gulf War - He moved into drama, directing non-fiction made-for-television films such as "The One That Got Away", based on Chris Ryan's book about SAS actions in the Gulf War, and "The Fix", based on the story of the betting scandal which shook British football in 1964

 

Michael Donnelly (veteran) - Gulf War - Medically retired in 1996 following a diagnosis of Lou Gehrig's Disease, he became a leading activist for sufferers of Gulf War Syndrome


1998

In their co-written 1998 book, "A World Transformed", Bush and Brent Scowcroft argued that such a course would have fractured the alliance, and would have had many unnecessary political and human costs associated with it add something

 

The continued presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia after the war was one of the stated motivations behind the 11 September 0 terrorist attacks, the Khobar Towers bombing, and the date chosen for the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings , which was eight years to the day that U.S. troops were sent to Saudi Arabia add something


1999

In a December 1999 interview with Rahimullah Yusufzai, bin Laden said he felt that Americans were "too near to Mecca" and considered this a provocation to the entire Islamic world add something


2001

Ehab Tawfik - Gulf War - Arguably, his greatest exposure as an artist came on February 26, 2001, when he performed for 50,000 people at a benefit concert to raise funds for Iraqis who were maimed during the Gulf War in Baghdad

 

Muhammad Mustafa Mero - Mero headed a ministerial and commercial delegation to neighboring Iraq in August 2001, becoming the first Syrian prime minister to visit the country since the Gulf War


2002

Charles Jaco - In 2002, he authored "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Gulf War", and in 2003 co-authored "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Politics of Oil"


2003

Alexander Cockburn - Gulf War - Cockburn denounced the economic and political sanctions imposed on the Iraqi government by the United Nations, but Cockburn was more aggressive than most in his criticisms of American and British actions during the 12 years between the formal resolution of the Persian Gulf War and the 2003 invasion

 

Peter Sarsgaard - Gulf War - The movie is based on U.S. Marine Anthony Swofford's 2003 Gulf War memoir of the same name

 

Le Monde diplomatique - After the Second Gulf War starting in 2003 under the George W. Bush administration, "Le Monde diplomatique" continues its position of criticizing the US policy of "violent intervention" in the Middle East and the neoconservative' project to "reshape" the so-called "Greater Middle East" region


2004

Yasser Arafat didn't apologize for his support of Iraq, but after his death, the Fatah under Mahmoud Abbas' authority formally apologized in 2004 add something


2006

Eugen Drewermann - Gulf War - He was against the Gulf War, the Iraq War, German participation in the NATO war against Afghanistan, and Israeli Air Raids during the 2006 Lebanon War. In the name of the German Peace Movement, he asked to abolish not only Walter Mixa's office as Military Bishop of Germany but the German military, the Bundeswehr, as such


2011

By 2011, many Palestinians had returned to Kuwait and today the number of Palestinians living in Kuwait is 90,000 add something


2013

Error: ERR_SOCKET_FAILURE, errno Address already in use at Fri, 11 Oct 2013 15:17:08 GMT add something