Haiti

Knowledge Identifier: $Haiti

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Haiti

Category:Island countriesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (35%), Haiti (20%), (13%)

Main connections: Economy of Haiti, Francois Duvalier, Michel Martelly

Linked to: World Bank, Association football, Association of Caribbean States, Cacos

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Haiti.


1492

On Christmas Day 1492, Columbus's flagship the "Santa Maria" ran aground north of what is now Limonade add something

 

Navigator Christopher Columbus landed in Haiti on 5 December 1492, in an area that he named "Môle-Saint-Nicolas," and claimed the island for the Crown of Castile add something


1507

The first recorded smallpox epidemic in the Americas erupted on Hispaniola in 1507 add something


1697

France and Spain settled their hostilities on the island, by way of the Treaty of Ryswick of 1697, and divided Hispaniola between them add something


1700

Infrastructure improvements were particularly impressive: 1700 km of roads were made usable, 189 bridges were built, many irrigation canals were rehabilitated, hospitals, schools, and public buildings were constructed, and drinking water was brought to the main cities add something


1763

In contrast, by 1763 the white population of French Canada, a vast territory, had numbered 65,000 add something


1788

According to the 1788 Census, Haiti's population consisted of nearly 25,000 Europeans, 22,000 free coloreds and 700,000 African slaves add something


1789

By 1789, approximately 40,000 white colonists lived in Saint-Domingue add something

 

Inspired by the French Revolution of 1789 and principles of the rights of man, free people of color and slaves in Saint-Domingue and the French West Indies pressed for freedom and more civil rights add something


1791

Most important was the revolution of the slaves in Saint-Domingue, starting in the northern plains in 1791, where Africans greatly outnumbered the whites add something

 

The rebellion that began in 1791 was led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture, whose military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into an independent country add something


1792

In 1792, the French government sent three commissioners with troops to re-establish control add something


1798

Jens Jacob Eschels - Due to illness and death of his captain in Haiti he took over the post of the vessel's captain on the journey back to Europe and as such he would further command the ship on numerous journeys until 1798


1799

War of the Knives - The struggle within Haiti between the free people of color led by André Rigaud and the Haitians of African ancestry led by Louverture devolved into the War of the Knives in 1799 and 1800 add something


1802

After Louverture created a separatist constitution, Napoléon Bonaparte in 1802 sent an expedition of 20,000 soldiers and as many sailors under the command of his brother-in-law, General Charles Leclerc, to retake the island add something


1803

He was imprisoned at Fort de Joux, where he died in 1803 of exposure and possibly tuberculosis add something

 

In late 1803, France withdrew its remaining 7,000 troops from the island and Napoleon gave up his idea of re-establishing a North American empire add something

 

Thomas Jefferson - France withdrew its 7,000 surviving troops in late 1803, shortly before Haiti declared independence.

 

Jean-Jacques Dessalines defeated French troops at the Battle of Vertières on 18 November 1803, leading the first ever nation to successfully gain independence through a slave revolt add something


1804

Emigrants from Haiti have constituted a segment of American and Canadian society since before the independence of Haiti from France in 1804 add something

 

Guillaume de Bellecombe - This event led to the creation of the Republic of Haiti in 1804

 

The independence of Saint-Domingue was proclaimed by Dessalines on 1 January 1804 add something


1805

It was built between 1805 and 1820 and is today referred to by some Haitians as the eighth wonder of the world add something


1809

In 1809, nearly 10,000 refugees from Saint-Domingue settled "en masse" in New Orleans add something


1811

Heinrich von Kleist - In "Betrothal in St. Domingo" Kleist examines the themes of ethics, loyalty, and love in the context of the colonial rebellion in Haiti of 1803, driving the story with the expected forbidden love affair between a young white man and a black rebel woman, though the reader's expectations are confounded in typically Kleistian fashion, since the man is not really French and the woman is not really black


1821

Beginning in 1821, President Jean-Pierre Boyer, an "homme de couleur" and successor to Pétion, reunified the island and extended control over the entire western portion of the island add something

 

In addition, after Santo Domingo declared its independence from Spain on 30 November 1821, Boyer sent forces in to take control add something


1825

Camille Desmoulins - He was later pensioned by the French government, and died in 1825 in Haiti

 

In July 1825, King Charles X of France, during a period of restoration of the monarchy, sent a fleet to reconquer the island add something


1826

By an order of 17 April 1826, the King of France renounced his rights of sovereignty over Santo Domingo, and recognized the independence of Haiti add something


1827

"Sketches of Hayti; from the expulsion of the French, to the death of Christophe", London, L. B. Seeley and son, 1827 add something


1830

"Notes on Haïti, made during a residence in that Republic", Vol. 1, London, Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830 add something

 

"Notes on Haïti, made during a residence in that Republic", Vol. 2, London, Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830 add something


1838

Although the amount of the reparations was reduced to 90 million in 1838, Haiti did not finish repaying the debt until 1947 add something


1843

After losing the support of Haiti's elite, Boyer was ousted in 1843 add something


1844

Ramon Emeterio Betances - The Dominican Republic had its first war for independence in 1844, which was successful in obtaining independence from Haiti, although Haitian rule of parts of the country would last intermittently until 1856

 

Nationalist forces led by Juan Pablo Duarte seized control of Santo Domingo on 27 February 1844 add something

 

Rivière-Hérard was removed from office by the mulatto hierarchy and replaced with the aged black general Philippe Guerrier, who assumed the presidency on 3 May 1844 add something


1845

The Haitian offensive of 1845 was stopped on the frontier add something

 

Philippe Guerrier died in April 1845, and was succeeded by General Jean-Louis Pierrot add something


1846

On 1 January 1846 Pierrot announced a fresh campaign to put down the Dominicans, but his officers and men greeted this fresh summons with contempt add something

 

On 27 February 1846, President Riché died after only a few days of power and was replaced by an obscure officer, General Faustin Soulouque add something


1848

But, when in 1848 France finally recognized the Dominican Republic as a free and independent state and provisionally signed a treaty of peace, friendship, commerce and navigation, Haiti immediately protested, claiming the treaty was an attack upon their own security add something


1849

"The life and voyages of Christopher Colombus; together with the voyages of his companions", Vol. 1, London, John Murray, 1849 add something

 

"The life and voyages of Christopher Colombus; together with the voyages of his companions", Vol. 2, London, John Murray, 1849 add something

 

Joseph Jenkins Roberts - Norway and Sweden did so in either 1849 or 1863, Haiti in either 1849 or 1864, Denmark in either 1849 or 1869

 

On 21 March 1849, Haitian soldiers attacked the Dominican garrison at Las Matas add something


1855

In 1855, he invaded the territory of the Dominican Republic add something

 

The sufferings endured by the soldiers during the campaign of 1855, the losses and sacrifices inflicted on the country without compensation or practical result provoked great discontent add something


1858

In 1858, a revolution began, led by General Fabre Geffrard, Duke of Tabara add something


1859

As a result, the Emperor abdicated his throne on 15 January 1859 add something

 

Refused aid by the French Legation, Faustin was taken into exile aboard a British warship on 22 January 1859 add something


1862

Charles Sumner - In closed session, Sen. Sumner spoke out against the treaty; having believed there would be difficulty with the foreign nationals, the chronic rebellion that took place on the island, and the African independence of Haiti, recognized by the United States in 1862, would be taken away

 

Charles Sumner - In their absence, the U.S. recognized Haiti in 1862


1871

Ramon Emeterio Betances - Therefore, Betances and the Puerto Rican revolutionaries ceded their caches of firearms hidden in Saint Thomas, Curaçao and Haiti to the Cuban rebels in October 1871, since their struggle was deemed as a priority


1872

Theophilus Gould Steward - From 1872 to 1891 Steward established a church in Haiti and preached in the eastern United States


1873

By 1873 "Haiti" was common among titles of US published books as well as in US congressional publications add something


1884

"Hayti or the black Republic", London, Smith Elder, 1884 add something


1890

In all of Frederick Douglass' publications after 1890, he used "Haiti" add something


1891

Samuel Gross (Medal of Honor) - "'Samuel Gross"' was a Private in the United States Marine Corps, 23d Company who earned the Medal of Honor for his efforts during the United States occupation of Haiti in 1915


1892

In 1892, the German government supported suppression of the reform movement of Anténor Firmin, and in 1897, the Germans used gunboat diplomacy to intimidate and humiliate the Haitian government during the Luders Affair add something


1900

By 1900, 80 percent of the country's gross domestic product was being spent on debt repayment add something

 

Haiti has participated in the Olympic Games since the year 1900 and won a number of medals add something


1908

Jacob Hollander - He was special commissioner to investigate financial conditions in San Domingo and until 1908 was financial advisor of the Dominican Republic


1911

Littleton Waller - He later commanded the Marine Barracks at the Mare Island Navy Yard from 1911 to 1914 and the First Brigade of Marines during action at Veracruz in Mexico in 1914, before being appointed to command marines in Haiti in 1915


1915

Allen H. Turnage - Following instruction for 17 months at the Marine Officers' School, Norfolk, Virginia, he joined the First Brigade in Haiti in 1915 and participated in expeditions against hostile Cacos in Northern Haiti, was assigned to duty with the Haitian Constabulary until August 1918

 

Herman H. Hanneken - The United States invaded Haiti in 1915 and occupied the country for 19 years

 

In an expression of the Theodore Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, the United States occupied the island in July 1915 after the local assassination of Haiti's president, Vilbrun Guillaume Sam add something

 

Julian C. Smith - In August 1915, he began a tour of expeditionary duty in Haiti, and in April 1916, was transferred to Santo Domingo with the 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade

 

Joseph A. Glowin - During the following year, he participated in engagements in the Republic of Haiti during September and November 1915

 

Littleton Waller - For service ashore in Haiti between 9 July and 6 December 1915


1917

William T. Clement - Less than a month after reporting for active duty in 1917, Clement sailed for Haiti where he joined the 2nd Marine Regiment and its operations against rebel bandits

 

John H. Russell, Jr. - Early in March 1917, he assumed command of the 3rd Regiment, with headquarters in Santo Domingo City, Dominican Republic, and within a short period of time he was detached and ordered to command the 4th Regiment of Marines with headquarters at Santiago de los Caballeros, where he remained until October 1917, when he was detached and ordered to the Republic of Haiti to command the Marine Brigade serving in that country


1918

Albertus W. Catlin - Following his tour at Headquarters, he was assigned to the Marine Barracks at Quantico, and in November 1918, he sailed for Haiti where he assumed command of the First Brigade of Marines until September 1919


1919

William Robert Button - He was in command of a group of Gendarmerie near Grande Riviere, Republic of Haiti, on October 31-November 1, 1919 when they engaged a group of Haitians opposed to the U.S. occupation

 

Alexander Vandegrift - He returned to Haiti again in July 1919 to serve with the Gendarmerie d'Haiti as an Inspector of Constabulary

 

John H. Russell, Jr. - Upon arrival in Washington, he was ordered to duty in command of the Planning Section at Headquarters Marine Corps and served in that capacity until September 1919, when he again was ordered to duty in Haiti to command the 1st Brigade of Marines, serving in that capacity until February 1922, when, upon the unanimous recommendation to the President by the U.S. Senate Committee that had been investigating affairs in Haiti, he was appointed American High Commissioner to Haiti with the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary

 

Randolph C. Berkeley - Colonel Berkeley was again ordered to expeditionary duty in October 1919, serving for two years with the 1st Provisional Brigade in Haiti

 

Roy Geiger - From December 1919 to January 1921, he was a squadron commander with the Marine Aviation Force attached to the First Provisional Brigade in Haiti


1920

Pedro del Valle - His military career included service in World War I, Haiti and Nicaragua during the Banana Wars of the 1920s, in the seizure of Guadalcanal, and later as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division during World War II

 

James Weldon Johnson - In 1920, he was sent by the NAACP to investigate conditions in Haiti, which had been occupied by U.S. Marines since 1915

 

Christian F. Schilt - Completing the course in August 1920, he went overseas again the following month, joining squadron "E" of Marine Aviation Forces, 1st Provisional Brigade, at Port-au-Prince , Haiti


1921

During Senate hearings in 1921, the commandant of the Marine Corps reported that, in the 20 months of active unrest, 2,250 Haitians had been killed add something


1922

Allen H. Turnage - Following World War I, he was an instructor at the Marine Officers' School, Quantico; served with the Gendarmerie d'Haiti again from 1922 to 1925; and completed the Field Officers' Course at Quantico

 

William O. Brice - Graduating from the school in July 1922, he was stationed at the Marine Barracks, Parris Island, South Carolina until May 1923, when he joined the 1st Marine Brigade in Haiti


1923

These are exact reproductions of a book published before 1923: ; add something


1924

Holland Smith - In February 1924, after serving at Marine Corps Headquarters and in the West Indies in connection with joint Army-Navy maneuvers, Smith joined the Marine Brigade on expeditionary duty in Haiti, serving as that unit's Chief of Staff and Officer in Charge of Operations and Training


1925

In 1925, the city of Jacmel was the first area in the Caribbean to have electricity and was subsequently dubbed the "City of Light" add something


1926

Pedro del Valle - In 1926, del Valle served with the Gendarmerie of Haiti for three years and, during that time, he became active in the war against Augusto César Sandino in Nicaragua


1927

Pedro Albizu Campos - In 1927, Albizu traveled to Santo Domingo , Haiti, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela, seeking solidarity for the Puerto Rican Independence movement

 

William Beebe - In 1927, Beebe went on an expedition to Haiti in order to document its marine life

 

Charles Lindbergh - Those cities were the last three stops that he and the "Spirit" made during their "Good Will Tour" of Latin America and the Caribbean between December 13, 1927 and February 8, 1928, during which he flew to Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cuba, spending 125 hours in the air


1928

Charles Lindbergh - Basil L. Rowe, the owner and chief pilot of West Indian Aerial Express and a fellow Air Mail pioneer and advocate, in February 1928, Lindbergh carried a small amount of special souvenir mail between Santo Domingo , R.D., Port-au-Prince , Haiti, and Havana , Cuba in the "Spirit of St. Louis"


1930

Franklin A. Hart - He returned to foreign shore duty in August 1930, and joined the Constabulary Detachment, Garde d'Haiti, Gonsaieves, Haiti, where he served as a company commander and district commander

 

John H. Russell, Jr. - Maj. Gen. Russell served with distinction in Haiti as High Commissioner until November 1930


1932

Norman Armour - In 1932, Armour was elevated to Envoy and assigned as Minister to Haiti in the Caribbean

 

Alfred H. Noble - From July 1932, until August 1934, Noble served with the 1st Brigade Marines in Haiti


1933

Franklin A. Hart - In May 1933, he was named Assistant Chief of Staff, Garde d'Haiti, Headquarters, Port-au-Prince , Haiti

 

Norman Armour - On August 7, 1933, Armour signed a treaty with Haiti "to return government functions to the Haitians by October 1944 and to withdraw the United States Marines stationed there by November 1944


1934

After US forces left in 1934, Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo used anti-Haitian sentiment as a nationalist tool, absent US protection add something

 

Together they helped secure an end to the occupation in 1934 add something

 

U.S. Marines were stationed in the country until 1934, a period of 19 years, and were finally ordered from the island by Franklin D. Roosevelt as a demonstration of his "Good Neighbor Policy" add something


1935

Katherine Dunham - In 1935, Dunham was *awarded travel fellowships from the Julius Rosenwald and Guggenheim foundations to conduct ethnographic study of the dance forms of the Caribbean, especially as manifested in the Vodun of Haiti, a path followed by fellow anthropology student Zora Neale Hurston


1936

Katherine Dunham - Early in 1936 she arrived at last in Haiti, where she remained for several months, the first of her many extended stays in that country throughout the rest of her life

 

Zora Neale Hurston - In 1936 and 1937, she traveled to Jamaica and to Haiti with support from the Guggenheim Foundation from which her anthropological work "Tell My Horse" published in 1938 emerged


1937

Haiti had no recorded music until 1937 when Jazz Guignard was recorded non-commercially add something

 

Zora Neale Hurston - In 1937, Hurston was *awarded a prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship to conduct ethnographic research in Jamaica and Haiti


1939

Harold Courlander - In 1939, he published his first book about Haitian life entitled "Haiti Singing"


1940

Rosny Smarth - "'Rosny Smarth"' was Prime Minister of Haiti briefly, from February 27, 1996 to June 9, 1997


1941

Second World War - In 1941, during the Second World War, Haiti declared war on Japan , Germany , Italy , Bulgaria , Hungary and Romania add something


1945

On 27 September 1945, Haiti became a founding member of the United Nations add something


1949

Mary McLeod Bethune - In 1949 she became the first woman to be given the Medal of Honor and Merit at the Haitian Exposition, Haiti's highest award

 

Katherine Dunham - She became friends with, among others, Dumarsais Estimé, a high-level politician, who became president of Haiti in 1949


1950

In 1950 the first formal census gave a total population of 3,1 million add something

 

In the 1950s, U.S. and European tourists started to visit Haiti add something


1953

Joe Gaetjens - Gaetjens remained active in soccer, playing for Etoile Haïtienne again as well as the Haiti national team on , 1953, in a World Cup Qualifier against Mexico


1954

Joe Gaetjens - At the end of the World Cup, Gaetjens moved to France where he played briefly for Racing Club de Paris and Olympique Alès, before returning to Haiti in 1954 to become a spokesman and entrepreneur

 

Richard McGee Morse - He married Emerante de Pradine, a Haitian singer, in 1954 and had two children, Richard Auguste Morse, who currently resides in Port-au-Prince , Haiti and Marise Morse Mahos who resides in Washington DC.


1957

After a period of disorder, in September 1957 Dr. François Duvalier was elected President of Haiti add something


1961

Felix Morisseau-Leroy - By 1961 he succeeded in having Créole recognized as an official language of Haiti, after expanding its teaching in schools and use in creative literature


1966

Truman Capote and Noël Coward visited the Hotel Oloffson, a 19th-century Gothic gingerbread mansion set in a tropical garden, which was even portrayed in Graham Greene's 1966 novel "The Comedians" add something


1968

The state of Illinois and city of Chicago declared du Sable the founder of Chicago on 26 October 1968 add something


1970

When his son Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier succeeded him as "President for Life", tourism returned in the 1970s add something


1971

Known as "Papa Doc" and initially popular, Duvalier was President until his death in 1971 add something

 

Papa Doc's son led the country from 1971 until his ouster in 1986, when protests led him to seek exile in France add something


1974

In 1974, the Haiti national football team were only the second Caribbean team to make the !World_Cup (FIFA_World_Cup) add something

 

Georges Anglade - A strong opponent of the Duvalier régime in Haiti, Anglade was imprisoned for political reasons in 1974 and fled the country upon release


1975

In 1975, Franketienne was the first to break with the French tradition in fiction with the publication of "Dezafi," the first novel written entirely in Haitian Creole add something


1980

However, the United States controlled the economy of the island and heavily influenced elections in Haiti up through the 1980s add something


1982

Monuments include the Sans-Souci Palace and the Citadelle Laferrière, inscribed as a World Heritage site in 1982 add something


1983

Pope John Paul II - He travelled to Haiti in 1983, where he spoke in Creole to thousands of impoverished Catholics gathered to greet him at the airport

 

Pope John Paul II - Pope John Paul II visited Haiti on March 9, 1983


1985

Wade Davis - Davis came to prominence with his 1985 best-selling book "The Serpent and the Rainbow" about the zombies of Haiti


1986

Brian Willson - Since 1986, Willson has studied on-site policies in a number of countries, among them Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Haiti, Iraq, Israel , Japan, and Korea, both North and South

 

Jean-Jacob Jeudy - While in High School, He worked as a Broadcast Journalist at Radio Cacique, very famous Haitian Radio station which aired news and documentary against the Military government in place in Haiti post 1986's uprising which successfully forced Jean Claude Duvalier to flee power


1987

The current structure of Haiti's political system was set forth in the Constitution of Haiti on 29 March 1987 add something


1988

The elected President, Leslie Manigat, was overthrown some months later in the June 1988 Haitian coup d'état add something


1990

Jim Yong Kim - By the early 1990s, the program in Haiti was serving more than 100,000 people

 

Mark Riley (American radio host) - Riley pioneered the station's efforts to enhance listener awareness in the political arena, airing full coverage of all Democratic and Republican conventions since 1990, as well as coverage of both Democratic Inaugurals in Haiti

 

General Prosper Avril led a military regime until March 1990 add something


1994

Allan Nairn - Also in 1994, Nairn received the James Aronson Award for Social Justice Journalism for his writing on Haiti for "The Nation" magazine

 

Jimmy Carter - Carter led a mission to Haiti in 1994 with Senator Sam Nunn and former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell to avert a US-led multinational invasion and restore to power Haiti's democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

 

Matt Blunt - His active duty service included participation in Operation Support Democracy, involving the United Nations blockade of Haiti, missions to interdict drug traffic off the South American coast, and on duties involved in the interdiction of Cuban migrants in 1994.

 

Allan Nairn - In an article published in "The Nation" in 1994, Nairn revealed the U.S. government's role in establishing and funding the Haitian paramilitary death squad, Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti

 

In September 1994, a U.S. team negotiated the departure of Haiti's military leaders and the peaceful entry of U.S. forces under Operation Uphold Democracy add something

 

Sam Nunn - In September 1994, Sam Nunn, former President Jimmy Carter and former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell were asked by President Bill Clinton to go to Haiti in order to force the departure of the military dictator Lieutenant General Raoul Cédras

 

Warren Christopher - On September 19, 1994, a US-led coalition returned Haiti's popularly elected President Jean-Bertrande Aristide to power after a coup had unseated him

 

In October 1994, Aristide returned to Haiti to complete his term in office add something

 

In November 1994, Hurricane Gordon brushed Haiti, dumping heavy rain and creating flash flooding that triggered mudslides add something


1995

The former Haitian Armed Forces were demobilized in 1995, however, efforts to reconstitute it are currently underway add something

 

Felix Morisseau-Leroy - In 1995 he published his last work, an epic novel of Haiti of which he was proud, entitled "Les Djons d'Haiti Tom"

 

David Petraeus - In 1995, he was assigned to the United Nations Mission in Haiti Military Staff as its Chief Operations Officer during Operation Uphold Democracy


1996

Aristide vacated the presidency in February 1996 add something


2000

Following the disputed 2000 election and accusations about President Aristide's rule, US aid to the Haitian government was cut off between 2001 and 2004 add something


2001

Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it might have formed one-third of the population in 2001 add something

 

Richard McGee Morse - Morse died due to Alzheimer's disease on April 17, 2001, at his home in Pétionville, Haiti


2002

The BBC described pyramid schemes, in which Haitians lost hundreds of millions in 2002, as the "only real economic initiative" of the Aristide years add something

 

Dyron Daal - He has already won two caps, against Antigua & Barbuda and Haiti in November 2002


2004

After Aristide's departure in 2004, aid was restored and the Brazilian army led a United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti peacekeeping operation add something

 

In 2004, a revolt began in northern Haiti add something

 

The United Nations Stabilisation Mission was established after the 2004 coup d'état and remains in the country to the present day add something

 

Patrick Galbats - In 2004, he presented the reportage "Un autre regard sur Haïti" for "Objectif Tiers Monde" which reveals the conditions in Haiti after the departure of Jean Bertrand Aristide

 

Andreas Brandstatter - In 2004, he went to Port-au-Prince to help the poor kids who were fighting for the president in Haiti

 

Most recently, in February 2004, a "coup d'état" originating in the north of the country forced the resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide add something

 

In March 2004, at the time of Aristide's kidnapping, a BBC article wrote that the Bush administration State Department stated that Aristide had been involved in drug trafficking add something

 

The soil erosion released from the upper catchments and deforestation have caused periodic and severe flooding in Haiti, as experienced, for example, on 17 September 2004 add something


2005

Ben Affleck - Affleck and Garner were married on June 29, 2005, in Turks and Caicos, located in the Atlantic Ocean north of Haiti and the Dominican Republic


2006

According to a 2006 report by the Corruption Perceptions Index, there is a strong correlation between corruption and poverty in Haiti add something

 

This statistic was somewhat disputed in a 2006 article about poverty in the slums of Haiti , wherein ICRC officer Didier Revol wrote, "Such statistical estimations should be looked upon very skeptically because of the fact that the average Haitian and Haitian family has to and does spend a lot more than that daily add something

 

René Préval was elected President in February 2006, following elections marked by uncertainties and popular demonstrations add something

 

Fabrice Noel - Noël made his debut for the Haiti national football team in an August 2006 friendly match against Guatemala

 

Jozy Altidore - In November 2006 he, along with New York Red Bulls teammates Seth Stammler and fellow Haitian-American Jerrod Laventure, accompanied Haitian-born Grammy Award winning musician Wyclef Jean on a six-day service trip to Haiti for Jean's charitable organization, Yéle Haiti


2007

Fabrice Noel - He was a Haiti squad member at the 2007 & 2009 Gold Cup Finals


2008

In 2008, Haiti was again struck by tropical storms; Tropical Storm Fay, Hurricane Gustav, Hurricane Hanna and Hurricane Ike all produced heavy winds and rain add something

 

These conditions are considered in-humane by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in 2008 add something

 

Jean Alexandre - Alexandre is a full international for Haiti, having played in three friendlies in 2008, starting against Honduras, and coming off the bench against Trinidad & Tobago twice

 

A study team presented a hazard assessment of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system to the 18th Caribbean Geologic Conference in March 2008, noting the large strain add something


2009

Bill Clinton - He was named United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti in 2009

 

Bill Clinton - In 2009, he was named United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti, and after the 2010 earthquake he teamed with George W. Bush to form the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund

 

In September 2009, Haiti met the conditions set out by the IMF and World Bank's Heavily Indebted Poor Countries program to qualify for cancellation of its external debt add something


2010

After the 2010 earthquake, Partners In Health founded the Hôpital Universitaire de Mirebalais, the largest solar-powered hospital in the world add something

 

After the earthquake of 2010, there was no evidence of surface rupture and geologists' findings were based on seismological, geological and ground deformation data add something

 

During the 2010 earthquake, the Port-au-Prince port suffered widespread damage, impeding aid to the victims add something

 

In 2010, the New York City Police Department sent a team of veteran officers to Haiti to assist in the rebuilding of its police force with special training in investigative techniques, strategies to improve the anti-kidnapping personnel and community outreach to build stronger relationships with the public especially among the youth add something

 

In 2010, the Haitian National Police force numbered 7,000 add something

 

In 2010, the government decided to stage the event in a different city outside Port-au-Prince every year in an attempt to decentralize the country add something

 

Neighboring Dominican Republic has provided extensive humanitarian aid to Haiti, including the funding and construction of a public university, human capital, free healthcare services in the border region, and logistical support after the 2010 earthquake add something

 

Port-au-Prince used to be known for its docks where boats and shoppers would come and go with goods, but this is where the 2010 earthquake struck the hardest and now the poverty struck city and people are still attempting to recover add something

 

The country has yet to recover from the 2010 earthquake and a subsequent and massive Haiti cholera outbreak that was triggered when cholera-infected waste from a United Nations peacekeeping station contaminated the country's main river, the Artibonite add something

 

The first round of the 2010 general election was held in December add something

 

Trade declined dramatically after the 2010 earthquake and subsequent outbreak of cholera add something

 

Unable to receive sufficient funds from the government as Haiti endures severe natural disasters which takes up their attention and resources, such as the 2010 earthquake, has caused deadly cases of malnutrition, combined with the tight living conditions, increases the risk of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis which has led to 21 deaths in January 2017 alone at the Port-au-Prince penitentiary add something

 

Tory Belleci - During "Mythbusters"' 2010 break, Belleci volunteered time to visit Haiti

 

Paul Shirley - In 2010, Shirley penned a long blog entry at FlipCollective.com about Haiti and the consequences of its earthquake

 

Georges Laraque - Laraque commits a lot of his time to local charity work to help the local people of Edmonton, Pittsburgh, and in response to the 2010 earthquake, the people of Haiti

 

Ray Nagin - Prior to leaving office in 2010, Nagin was appointed by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to head the United States delegation to a state and local governments conference on assistance to post-earthquake Haiti held in Martinique

 

Caroline Winberg - She appeared in Naomi Campbell's Fashion For Relief runway show for The White Ribbon Alliance to raise funds for mothers in Haiti in 2010

 

Richard Gannaway - The FirstGiving / Aomusic alliance is specifically organized to build sustainable villages for the children of Haiti who were displaced by an earthquake in 2010, and represents the first association of its kind for AO Foundation International

 

General elections had been planned for January 2010 but were postponed due to the earthquake add something

 

The January 2010 earthquake, was a major setback for education reform in Haiti as it diverted limited resources to survival add something

 

There is a chronic shortage of health care personnel and hospitals lack resources, a situation that became readily apparent after the January 2010 earthquake add something

 

Sanjay Gupta - During his reporting in Haiti following the January 2010 earthquake, Gupta received a call from the aircraft carrier USS "Carl Vinson" that an earthquake victim, a 12-year-old girl, was aboard and needed a neurosurgeon

 

Sanjay Gupta - In January 2010, Gupta and Cooper led CNN's coverage of the earthquake in Haiti

 

Jim Yong Kim - In January 2010, Kim helped partner Dartmouth students and faculty with the organization he co-founded, Partners In Health, and other organizations, to respond to the devastating earthquake in Haiti, forming the Dartmouth Haiti Response

 

Haiti's economy was severely impacted by the 2010 Haiti earthquake which occurred on 12 January 2010, killing over 300,000 and displacing 1,5 million residents add something

 

On 12 January 2010, at 4:53pm local time, Haiti was struck by a magnitude-7,0 earthquake add something

 

Jimmy O - On January 12, 2010, at age 35, Jimmy O was crushed inside a vehicle he was apparently driving in downtown Port-au-Prince during the 2010 Haiti earthquake

 

Danny Glover - On January 13, 2010, Glover compared the scale and devastation of the 2010 Haiti earthquake to the predicament other island nations may face as a result of the failed Copenhagen summit the previous year

 

Kris Allen - In February 2010, Allen traveled to Haiti with the United Nations Foundation to help with relief efforts following the Haiti earthquake

 

Kris Allen - On February 19, 2010, Allen traveled to Haiti with the United Nations Foundation in order to raise awareness for the disaster relief efforts there as the UN and other groups continue to rebuild after the earthquake

 

Kris Allen - When he returned, he kicked off that year's Idol Gives Back campaign by discussing his trip to Haiti and performing The Beatles' "Let It Be" on the "American Idol" Season 9 Top 24 results show on February 25, 2010


2011

Bob Barr - In 2011, Barr traveled to Haiti to lobby on behalf of "former Haitian dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier

 

" However, Aristide finally returned to Haiti on 18 March 2011, days before the 2011 presidential election add something

 

The run-off between Michel Martelly and Mirlande Manigat took place on 20 March 2011, and preliminary results, released on 4 April, named Michel Martelly the winner add something

 

On 4 April 2011, the Provisional Electoral Council announced preliminary results indicating that Martelly had won the presidential election add something

 

Rory McIlroy - McIlroy is an Ambassador for UNICEF Ireland and made his first visit to Haiti with UNICEF in June 2011


2012

In 2012 and 2013, 150 HNP officers received specialized training funded by the US government, which contributed to the infrastructure and communications support by upgrading radio capacity and constructing new police stations from the most violent-prone neighborhoods of Cité Soleil and Grande Ravine in Port-au-Prince to the new northern industrial park at Caracol add something

 

In February 2012, Haiti signaled it would seek to upgrade its observer status to full associate member status of the African Union . but the application had still not been ratified by May 2016 add something

 

On 21 October 2012, Haitian President Michel Martelly, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton, Richard Branson, Ben Stiller and Sean Penn inaugurated the Caracol industrial park, the largest in the Caribbean add something


2013

Conversely, according to the 2013 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime report, murder rates in Haiti are far "below" the regional average ; less than that of Jamaica and nearly that of the Dominican Republic , making it among the safer countries in the region add something

 

In 2013, Haiti called for European nations to pay reparations for slavery and establish an official commission for the settlement of past wrongdoings add something

 

In 2013, plans for the development of an international airport on Île-à-Vache were introduced by the Prime Minister add something

 

The infant mortality rate in Haiti in 2013 was 55 deaths per 1,000 live births, compared to a rate of 6 per 1,000 in other countries add something

 

In August 2013, the first coach bus prototype was made in Haiti add something


2014

Haiti ranked number 143 out of 148 overall in the 2014 NRI ranking, down from 141 in 2013 add something

 

" New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014 add something

 

Reginal Goreux - Goreux was called up for Haiti's friendly match against Trinidad and Tobago and the 2014 World Cup Qualifiers against Curaçao, US Virgin Islands, and Antigua and Barbuda

 

In December 2014, the US State Department issued a travel warning about the country, noting that while thousands of American citizens safely visit Haiti each year, a few foreign tourists had been victims of burglary, predominantly in the Port-au-Prince area add something


2015

Jovenel Moïse, the supposed winner of the 25 October 2015 election, had been hand-picked by former President Michel Martelly add something


2016

After years of denial the United Nations apologized in 2016, but , they have refused to acknowledge fault, thus avoiding financial responsibility add something

 

On 7 February 2016, Michel Martelly stepped down as president without a successor, but only after a deal was reached for a provisional government and leaving Prime Minister Evans Paul in power "until an interim president is chosen by both chambers of Parliament add something

 

The month-long examination in May 2016 was created after the elections were condemned as fraudulent to restore credibility to the process add something

 

On 4 October 2016, Hurricane Matthew made landfall near Les Anglais, making it the worst hurricane to strike the nation since Hurricane Cleo in 1964 add something


2017

As of 2017, among all the countries in the Americas, Haiti is producing the least amount of energy add something

 

Central Intelligence Agency, 12 Jan. 2017 add something

 

In 2017, it was reported that roughly 10,000 Haitians had died and nearly a million had been sickened add something

 

In 2017, the life expectancy at birth was 64 years add something


2018

On 31 October 2018, Evenson Calixte, the General Director of energy regulation announced the 24 hour electricity project add something