Hamid Karzai

Knowledge Identifier: +Hamid_Karzai

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Hamid Karzai

12th and current President of Afghanistan, taking office on 7 December 2004 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1957.

Countries: Afghanistan (51%), United States (12%), (9%)

Main connections: Taliban, Abdullah Abdullah, Amrullah Saleh

Linked to: Inter-Services Intelligence, Reuters, Awami National Party, Chevron Corporation

 

Timeline


 

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Hamid Karzai was born in 1957 add something


1960

His father, Abdul Ahad Karzai, served as the Deputy Speaker of the Parliament during the 1960s add something

 

His uncle, Habibullah Karzai, served as representative of Afghanistan at the UN and is said to have accompanied King Zahir Shah in the early 1960s to the United States for a special meeting with U.S. President John F. Kennedy add something


1976

He graduated from Habibia High School in 1976 add something


1979

From 1979 to 1983, Karzai took a postgraduate course in political science at Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India add something


1980

After obtaining his Master's degree in India he moved to neighboring Pakistan to work as a fundraiser for the anti-communist mujahideen during the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan add something


1988

Following the withdrawal of Soviet forces, Hamid Karzai returned to Afghanistan in early October 1988 to assist in the Mujahideen victory in Tarinkot add something


1990

When the Taliban emerged in the mid 1990s, Karzai initially recognized them as a legitimate government because he thought that they would stop the violence and corruption in his country add something


1992

Karzai accompanied the first mujahideen leaders into Kabul in 1992 following the Soviet withdrawal add something

 

When Najibullah's Soviet-backed government collapsed in 1992, the Peshawar Accords agreed upon by the Afghan political parties established the Islamic State of Afghanistan and appointed an interim government to be followed by general elections add something


1999

Following Abdul Ahad's assassination in 1999, his son, Hamid Karzai, inherited his father's mantle and can be expected to retain this tribal leadership position for the remainder of Afghanistan's conflict add something

 

On the morning of 14 July 1999, Karzai's father, Abdul Ahad Karzai, was gunned down as he was coming home from a mosque in the city of Quetta add something


2000

In 2000 and 2001, he traveled to Europe and the United States to help gather support for the anti-Taliban movement add something


2001

He became a dominant political figure after the removal of the Taliban regime in late 2001 add something

 

He was blamed by many for the failures that plagued the reconstruction of Afghanistan after the toppling of the Taliban government end 2001, from the widespread corruption and the resurgence of the Taliban to the explosion of the poppy trade add something

 

Since late 2001 Karzai has been trying for peace in his country, going as far as pardoning militants that lay down weapons and join the rebuilding process add something

 

The United States supported him since late 2001 to lead his nation add something

 

As the United States armed forces were preparing for a confrontation with the Taliban in September 2001, Karzai began urging NATO nations to purge his country of &Al-Qaeda add something

 

In October 2001, Hamid Karzai and his group of fighters survived a friendly fire missile attack by U.S. Air Force pilots in southern Afghanistan add something

 

After the 7 October 2001 launch of Operation Enduring Freedom, the United Front worked with teams of U.S. special forces add something

 

On 4 November 2001, American special operation forces flew Karzai out of Afghanistan for protection add something

 

During the December 2001 International Conference on Afghanistan in Germany, Karzai was selected by prominent Afghan political figures to serve a six month term as Chairman of the Interim Administration add something

 

In December 2001, political leaders gathered in Germany to agree on new leadership structures add something

 

Afghan Armed Forces - After the current government of Hamid Karzai took over in late 2001, there has been significant progress toward revitalization of the national military, with two official branches established

 

Special Activities Division - He is well known in CIA lore as "the man who saved Hamid Karzai's life when the CIA led the effort to oust the Taliban from power in 2001"

 

Islamic Movement of Afghanistan - Said Mohammad Ali Jawid, who has served in Hamid Karzai's first cabinet in 2001, became the new leader of the movement

 

Foreign relations of Afghanistan - Following the October 2001 American invasion and the Bonn Agreement the new government under the leadership of Hamid Karzai started to re-establish diplomatic relationships with many countries who had held close diplomatic relations before the communist coup d'état and the subsequent civil war

 

War in Afghanistan (2001-present) - At the Bonn Conference in December 2001, Hamid Karzai was selected to head the Afghan Interim Administration, which after a 2002 loya jirga in Kabul became the Afghan Transitional Administration

 

Taliban - From October to December 2001, the United Front gained control of much of the country and played a crucial role in establishing the post-Taliban interim government under Hamid Karzai

 

War in Afghanistan (1978-present) - In November and December 2001 the United Front gained control of much of the country and played a crucial role in establishing the post-Taliban interim government of Hamid Karzai in late 2001

 

Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai - Returning after 24 years to Afghanistan in December 2001, he resigned from his posts at the UN and World Bank to join the Afghan government as the chief advisor to President Hamid Karzai on February 1, 2002

 

Elections in Afghanistan - Under the 2001 Bonn Agreement, Afghanistan was scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections in 2004 in order to replace the transitional government led by American-backed Hamid Karzai since his appointment in December 2001

 

Burhanuddin Rabbani - After the Taliban government was toppled during Operation Enduring Freedom, Rabbani returned to Kabul and served as a temporary President from November to December 20, 2001, when Hamid Karzai was chosen at the Bonn International Conference on Afghanistan


2002

In 2002, when Karzai became the subject of heavy media coverage as one of the front runners to lead Afghanistan, it was reported that he was a former consultant for them add something

 

Japan has provided billions of dollars in aid to Afghanistan since the beginning of 2002 add something

 

The loya jirga of 13 June 2002, appointed Karzai as Interim President of the new position as President of the Afghan Transitional Administration add something

 

Lyse Doucet - In 2002, she was the only journalist to accompany the Afghan president, Hamid Karzai, to his brother's wedding, where an assassination attempt was made

 

Karim Khalili - Khalili was appointed first time as Vice President in 2002 and was elected as running mate of Hamid Karzai in 2004

 

Sharif Ghalib - In April 2002, Sharif Ghalib was appointed by the Interim Administration headed by Hamid Karzai as Afghanistan's only representative and chief negotiator on the establishment of full bilateral Diplomatic and Consular relations between Afghanistan and Canada at Resident-embassy level

 

Afghan National Army - The new Afghan National Army was founded with the issue of a decree by President Hamid Karzai on December 1, 2002


2003

Zafarullah Khan Jamali - In 2003, Jamali gave his support to Hamid Karzai to become the President of Afghanistan and approved an aid programme to Afghanistan

 

Said Tayeb Jawad - He was appointed Afghan Ambassador to the United States on December 4, 2003, by President Hamid Karzai and served as Ambassador until September 22, 2010


2004

After his new administration took over in 2004, the economy of Afghanistan has been growing rapidly for the first time in many years add something

 

After the 2004 presidential election, Karzai was declared winner and became President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan add something

 

After winning a democratic mandate in the 2004 election, it was thought that Karzai would pursue a more aggressively reformist path in 2005 add something

 

In 2004, he rejected an international proposal to end poppy production in Afghanistan through aerial spraying of chemical herbicides, fearing that it would harm the economic situation of his countrymen add something

 

When Karzai was a candidate in the October 2004 presidential election, he won 21 of the 34 provinces, defeating his 22 opponents and becoming the first democratically elected leader of Afghanistan add something

 

Karzai was officially sworn in as President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on 7 December 2004, at a formal ceremony in Kabul add something

 

Muhammad Arif Sarwari - After the fall of Kabul he and his organization took over the existing Afghan National Directorate of Security, but he was removed by Afghan President Hamid Karzai in early 2004 and replaced by Amrullah Saleh

 

Amrullah Saleh - After the fall of the Taliban regime, Saleh was appointed by President Hamid Karzai in early 2004 to lead the National Directorate of Security

 

Amrullah Saleh - In 2004, Amrullah Saleh was appointed as the head of the NDS by President Hamid Karzai

 

Mohammad Omar Daudzai - In 2004, just before the first presidential election, interim-President Hamid Karzai accepted the support of powerful warlords

 

Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation (Afghanistan) - In 2004, when after the Presidential Election the newly elected President Hamid Karzai his cabinet formed, the post of minister for Civil Aviation & Tourism was deleted

 

Minister of Commerce and Industries (Afghanistan) - In 2004, when the newly elected President Hamid Karzai formed his first official government, the post of small industries was deleted

 

Politics of Afghanistan - It is led by the Karzai administration under President Hamid Karzai, who was elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2009

 

Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin - Prior to Afghanistan's 2004 elections, 150 members of the Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin party were said to have defected to Hamid Karzai's administration

 

Heinrich von Pierer - In April 2004, Pierer became one of the few business leaders to speak at a Security Council meeting, where he reported on his recent meeting with Hamid Karzai and on the infrastructure work Siemens was doing in Afghanistan and Iraq

 

Operation Enduring Freedom - On 9 October 2004, Afghanistan elected Hamid Karzai president in its first direct elections

 

Ministry of Defense (Afghanistan) - On December 23, 2004, President Hamid Karzai appointed Wardak as the new Defense Minister


2005

Hezbe Wahdat - Their rivalry came to the fore when Mohaqiq decided to stand as a candidate for presidential elections in 2005 and Khalili ran as the second vice-president with Hamid Karzai


2006

In May 2006, an anti-American and anti-Karzai riot took place in Kabul which left at least seven people dead and 40 injured add something

 

Iraq War - In a September 2006 video broadcast, Karzai stated that if the money wasted on the Iraq War was actually spent on rebuilding Afghanistan, his country would "be in heaven in less than one year" add something

 

In September 2006, Karzai told the United Nations General Assembly that Afghanistan has become the "worst victim" of terrorism add something

 

Afghan Supreme Court - In 2006, President Hamid Karzai appointed several new, more moderate members to the court

 

Turquoise Mountain Foundation - The Turquoise Mountain Foundation was founded in 2006 at the request of HRH Prince Charles of Wales and HE Hamid Karzai, President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, to create jobs, skills and a renewed sense of national identity

 

Foreign relations of Afghanistan - On 28 January 2006, the Afghan president Hamid Karzai visited Anders Fogh Rasmussen in Marienborg, the summer residence of the Danish Prime Minister

 

Edward Caraballo - In April 2006, Afghan President Hamid Karzai granted Caraballo a presidential pardon, two months before his sentence was scheduled to end

 

Islamic Emirate of Waziristan - In June 2006, in advance of the Waziristan accord, the elder Haqqani issued a decree that stated that while the fight with the US and Karzai governments will continue "till the last drop of blood", it was no longer Taliban policy to continue to fight with the Pakistan army

 

Jack Layton - On September 24, 2006, he met with Afghan president Hamid Karzai to discuss the NDP position


2007

In 2007, Karzai said that Iran, so far, had been a helper in the reconstruction process add something

 

They have a son, Mirwais, who was born on 25 January 2007 add something

 

In April 2007, Karzai acknowledged that he spoke to some militants about trying to bring peace in Afghanistan add something

 

In May 2007, after as many as 51 Afghan civilians were killed in a bombing, Karzai asserted that his government "can no longer accept" casualties caused by U.S. and NATO operations add something

 

In August 2007, Karzai was invited to Camp David in Maryland, USA, for a special meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush add something

 

In September 2007, Karzai again offered talks with militant fighters after a security scare forced him to end a commemoration speech add something

 

In December 2007, Karzai and his delegates travelled to Islamabad , Pakistan, for a usual meeting with Pervez Musharraf on trade ties and intelligence sharing between the two Islamic states add something

 

Mohammad Omar Daudzai - In 2007, he replaced Jawed Ludin and resumed the position of the Chief of Staff for Afghan President Hamid Karzai


2008

In September 2008, Karzai was invited on a special visit to witness the sworn in ceremony of Asif Ali Zardari, who became the President of Pakistan add something

 

Manmohan Singh - During Afghan President Hamid Karzai's visit to New Delhi in August 2008, Manmohan Singh increased the aid package to Afghanistan for the development of more schools, health clinics, infrastructure, and defence

 

Asif Ali Zardari - At the inauguration on 9 September 2008, Afghan President Hamid Karzai was a guest of honour, which was a signal for much closer cooperation between the two nations in addressing the tribal insurgency along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border

 

Jeremy Gilley - In early September 2008 Gilley and Jude Law travelled to Afghanistan to screen "The Day After Peace" there, Hamid Karzai, and document preparations for the polio vaccination on 21 September 2008 of 1,85 million children under 5 years old, in seven Afghan provinces where conflict has previously prevented access


2009

He won a second five-year-term in the 2009 presidential election add something

 

Some international criticism has centered around the government of Karzai in early 2009 for failing to secure the country from Taliban attacks, systemic governmental corruption, and most recently, widespread claims of electoral fraud in the 2009 Afghan presidential election add something

 

On 2 November 2009, Karzai's run-off opponent, Abdullah Abdullah, withdrew from the race and election officials announced the cancellation of the run-off race add something

 

In December 2009 Karzai announced to move ahead with a Loya Jirga to discuss the Taliban insurgency in which the Taliban representatives would be invited to take part in this Jirga add something

 

Karzai presented his first list of 24 cabinet nominees to the Afghan parliament on 19 December 2009; however, on 2 January 2010, the parliament rejected 17 of these add something

 

Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai - In the 2009 presidential election, he ranked fourth in the polls, behind Hamid Karzai, his main opponent Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, and Ramazan Bashardost

 

Muqrin bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud - As for Afghanistan, he was dispatched to Kabul in January 2009 to meet leading officials, including President Hamid Karzai

 

Abdullah Abdullah - On May 6, 2009, Abdullah registered as an Independent candidate for the 2009 Afghan presidential election, running against incumbent president Hamid Karzai

 

Ben R. Lujan - Chrystal and Afghan president Hamid Karzai, when he visited Afghanistan in August 2009, in the letter.

 

Anders Fogh Rasmussen - After his accession on 1 August 2009, Rasmussen's first mission was a visit to Afghanistan, where he met with President Karzai and senior Afghan ministers, including Minister for Foreign Affairs Spanta, Minister for Defence General Wardak, and Minister of Interior Atmar to discuss the impending presidential and provincial council elections

 

Elections in Afghanistan - On October 20, 2009, under heavy U.S. and ally pressure, President Hamid Karzai announced his acquiescence to a run-off vote between himself and his main rival, Abdullah Abdullah, to be held November 7

 

Elections in Afghanistan - A day later, on November 2, 2009, officials of the very same election commission cancelled the run-off and declared Hamid Karzai as President of Afghanistan for another 5-year term

 

Taliban - On November 26, 2009, in an interview with CNN's Christiane Amanpour, President Hamid Karzai said there is an "urgent need" for negotiations with the Taliban, and made it clear that the Obama administration had opposed such talks

 

Cabinet of Afghanistan - After winning a second term, President Hamid Karzai nominated 23 ministers in December 2009 to be part of his new administration but only 7 were approved by the Afghan Parliament


2010

Furthermore, a special court set up personally by Karzai in defiance of constitutional norms has sought to reinstate dozens of candidates who were removed for fraud in the 2010 parliamentary elections by the Independent Electoral Commission add something

 

He acknowledged in 2010 that the Government of Iran had been providing millions of dollars directly to his office add something

 

Mahmud Karzai, the brother of President Karzai, was implicated in the 2010 Kabul Bank crisis add something

 

In January 2010, Karzai set the framework for dialogue with Taliban leaders when he called on the group's leadership to take part in the jirga to initiate peace talks add something

 

On 16 January 2010, the Afghan parliament rejected 10 of the Karzai's 17 replacement picks for cabinet add something

 

In April 2010, Karzai urged Taliban insurgents to lay down their arms and air their grievances while visiting a violent northern province, adding that foreign forces would not leave the country as long as fighting continued add something

 

In June 2010, Karzai travelled to Japan for a five day visit where the two nations discussed a new aid provided by the hosting nation and the untapped mineral resources recently announced add something

 

In July 2010, Karzai approved a plan intended to win over Taliban foot soldiers and low-level commanders add something

 

War in Afghanistan (1978-present) - At the 2010 International Conference on Afghanistan in London, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he intends to reach out to the Taliban leadership

 

Amrullah Saleh - In 2010 Saleh launched a peaceful campaign to warn that Hamid Karzai had lost conviction in the fight against the Taliban and was pursuing a compromise that could come at the cost of democracy, stability and human rights, especially women's rights

 

Peter Middlebrook - In 2010 he led the Economic and Infrastructure Development work presented at the 2010 Kabul International Conference attended by Hamid Karzai, Hillary_Rodham_Clinton and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and in 2011 he led the Economic Impact Assessment team for the US Government on the New Silk Road Strategy

 

Haqqani network - "The New York Times" and Al Jazeera later reported in June 2010 that Pakistan's Army chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and chief of the ISI General Ahmad Shuja Pasha were in talks with Afghan president Hamid Karzai to broker a power-sharing agreement between the Haqqani network and the Afghan government

 

Foreign relations of Afghanistan - On 23 June 2010, Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen visited Afghanistan, where he met Hamid Karzai

 

Julia Gillard - She visited Afghanistan on 2 October 2010 and met with Australian forces in Tarin Kowt and President Hamid Karzai in Kabul


2011

The two states finally signed into law the long awaited "Afghan-Pak Transit Trade Agreement" in 2011, intended to improve trade add something

 

In August 2011, Karzai pardoned dozens of child would-be suicide bombers, and in February 2012 some of the pardoned children were re-arrested attempting to commit suicide bombings in Kandahar Province add something

 

As recent as October 2011, while Karzai was visiting India to sign an important strategic partnership agreement with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Afghan agents of the National Directorate of Security arrested 6 people in Kabul for planning to assassinate Karzai add something

 

In October 2011, Karzai signed a strategic partnership agreement with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh add something

 

Abdullah Abdullah - In 2011, the coalition was transformed into the National Coalition of Afghanistan, which is supported by dozens of Afghan political parties and members of parliament challenging the government of Hamid Karzai

 

Truth and Justice (Afghanistan) - It was founded in 2011 and includes numerous dissidents against the incumbent government led by President Hamid Karzai

 

David Johnston - Later in 2011, the Governor General stopped in Italy to visit with Royal Canadian Navy personnel on HMCS "Vancouver" and returned to Afghanistan to meet with President Hamid Karzai and various Afghan ministers and spend Christmas with Canadian civilians and troops stationed at Camp Alamo and Camp Black Horse

 

Abdullah Abdullah - In December 2011, the "National Coalition of Afghanistan" supported by dozens of Afghan political parties and led by Abdullah Abdullah was formed to challenge the government of President Hamid Karzai


2012

Unmanned aerial vehicle - After more than 30 UAV-based strikes hit civilian homes in Afghanistan in 2012, President Hamid Karzai demanded that such attacks end, but the practice continues in areas of Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia that are not in war zones

 

Parwan Detention Facility - In early 2012, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered that control of the Parwan Detention Facility be handed over to Afghan authorities after some inmates complained of being strip searched and put in solitary confinement

 

Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin - In late January 2012, America's special envoy to the region Marc Grossman talked peace and reconciliation with Hamid Karzai in Kabul, though the Afghan president made it clear that Afghans should be in the driver's seat; hours before the meeting, Karzai said he personally held peace talks recently with the insurgent faction Hizb-i-Islami, appearing to assert his own role in a U.S.-led bid for negotiations to end the country's decade-long war

 

Dana Rohrabacher - In April 2012, CNN reported that "A top Republican on the House Foreign Affairs committee was asked by the State Department not to go to Afghanistan because President Hamid Karzai objected to the visit.


2013

On 28 April 2013, the New York Times revealed that from December 2002 up to the publication date, Karzai's presidential office has been funded with "tens of millions of dollars" of black cash from the CIA in order to buy influence within the Afghan government add something

 

In mid-August 2013, Attorney General Muhammad Isaaq Aloko was said to have been sacked after meeting with Taliban officials in the U.A.E. after being told not to meet with them add something


2014

Just Recently, Karzai's administration and the Afghanistan Intelligence agency were found to be communicating with the Pakistani Taliban about the shifting of power that may occur when the American Forces withdraw in 2014 add something

 

"The New York Times," 23 March 2014 add something


2016

He became father once again at the age of 58 when another daughter was born in September 2016 in Apollo Hospital, New Delhi add something


2017

In October 2017 Karzai stated that the US uses the Islamic State insurgency as a tool in Afghanistan, aimed at destabilizing the whole region, urging the international community to convince the US that it needs to actually fight terrorism add something