Knowledge Identifier: +Harry_S._Truman
Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri, the oldest child of John Anderson Truman (18511914) and Martha Ellen Young Truman (18521947).
Louis A. Johnson - "'Louis Arthur Johnson"' was the second United States Secretary of Defense, serving in the cabinet of President Harry S. Truman from March 28, 1949 to September 19, 1950
He returned to the Grandview, Missouri farm in 1906 where he remained until entering the army in 1917.
At the war's conclusion, Truman returned to Independence, Missouri as a captain and married his girlfriend, Bess Wallace, on June 28, 1919.
In 1930 Truman coordinated the 'Ten Year Plan,' which transformed Jackson County and the Kansas City skyline with new public works projects, including an extensive series of roads, construction of a new Wight and Wight-designed County Court building, and the dedication of a series of 12 Madonna of the Trail monuments honoring pioneer women.
In 1934, Pendergast's aides suggested Harry Truman as a candidate for Senator; after three other men turned him down, Pendergast reluctantly backed Truman as the candidate for the 1934 U.S. Senate election for Missouri.
Carl Hayden - In addition to road construction, Hayden had an interest in promoting highway safety, joining with first-term Missouri Senator Harry S. Truman in 1939 to propose legislation cutting federal funds by a third for states that failed to enact licensing requirements along with other portions of the Uniform Vehicle Code
In 1940, Harry Truman was elected the 97th Grand Master of the Masons of Missouri.
Arleigh Burke - Earlier, Admiral Burke was involved in the "Revolt of the Admirals", a near mutiny by the leaders of the Navy in the late 1940s, and was saved from being fired by the intervention of President Harry S. Truman
Richard Antrim - The officer — who had been listed as missing since the sinking of "Pope" in March 1942 — received the Medal of Honor and Bronze Star from President Harry S. Truman in ceremonies at the White House on January 30, 1947
Following months of uncertainty over whether Vice President Henry Wallace would continue as Roosevelt's running mate in 1944, Truman was ultimately selected to replace him as the vice presidential candidate in a deal worked out by Hannegan, who was Democratic National Chairman that year.
David I. Walsh - During the 1944 presidential race, with FDR seeking a fourth term, his running mate Harry S. Truman referred to Walsh as an "isolationist" a characterization Walsh resented
Margaret Chase Smith - A supporter of President Harry S. Truman's foreign policies, she was mentioned as a possible candidate for Under Secretary of the Navy in 1945 and for Assistant Secretary of State in 1947
Edward Condon - President Harry S. Truman nominated Condon to be director of the National Bureau of Standards in 1945
Charles de Gaulle - Soon after, on 12 April 1945, Roosevelt died, and despite their uneasy relationship de Gaulle declared a week of mourning in France and forwarded an emotional and concillitory letter to the new American President Harry S. Truman, in which he said of Roosevelt, "all of France loved him".
Frank Knox - On May 31, 1945 he received posthumously the Medal for Merit from President Harry S. Truman
Richard E. Bush - On October 4, 1945, President Harry S. Truman, in a White House ceremony, presented Cpl Bush with the Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty
George Edward Wahlen - He received the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman on October 5, 1945
Douglas T. Jacobson - He was presented the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman on October 5, 1945
Jacklyn H. Lucas - On 5 October 1945, Lucas and 14 other sailors and Marines were presented the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman
David M. Gonzales - On December 8, 1945, President Harry S. Truman, posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor to Gonzales, presenting the medal to his surviving family
Harold Gonsalves - The Medal of Honor, with citation signed by President Harry S. Truman, was presented on June 19, 1946 to PFC Gonsalves' sister in the presence of his parents at ceremonies in the office of the commanding general of the Department of the Pacific, Major General Henry Louis Larsen, USMC in San Francisco, California
Cold War strategy, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 and reorganized military forces by merging the Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment and creating the U.S. Air Force.
James Farley - In 1947, President Harry S. Truman appointed Farley to serve a senior post as a commissioner on the Hoover Commission, known as the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government
Herbert Hoover - In 1947, President Harry S. Truman appointed Hoover to a commission, which elected him chairman, to reorganize the executive departments.
As he readied for the 1948 election, Truman made clear his identity as a Democrat in the New Deal tradition, advocating national health insurance, the repeal of the anti-union Taft-Hartley Act, and an aggressive civil rights program.
Hugh John Casey - Casey hoped to become Chief of Engineers when Lieutenant General Raymond A. Wheeler retired in 1948, but President Harry S. Truman passed him over in favor of the Missouri River Division Engineer, Major General Lewis A. Pick
Arthur W. Radford - In 1948, Radford was appointed by President Harry S. Truman as the Vice Chief of Naval Operations
H. L. Mencken - In 1948, he briefly returned to the political scene, covering the presidential election in which President Harry S. Truman faced Republican Thomas Dewey and Henry A. Wallace of the Progressive Party
Vannevar Bush - President Truman *awarded Bush the Medal of Merit with bronze oak leaf cluster in 1948, President Lyndon Johnson *awarded him the National Medal of Science in 1963, and President Richard Nixon presented him with the Atomic Pioneers *award from the Atomic Energy Commission in February 1970
Jackson C. Pharris - His Congressional Medal of Honor was presented by President Harry S. Truman on June 25, 1948
In 1949, Truman appointed Louis A. Johnson as Secretary of Defense.
F. Ryan Duffy - In 1949 Duffy was nominated to be a Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit by President Harry S. Truman on January 13, 1949 to a seat vacated by Evan Alfred Evans
Edith S. Sampson - As a result of the Town Meeting tour and her other public speaking, President Truman appointed Sampson as an alternate U.S. delegate to the United Nations in August 1950, making her the first African-American to officially represent the United States at the UN. She was a member of the UN's Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee, where she lobbied for continued support of work in social welfare
Benjamin C. Bradlee - On November 1, 1950, Bradlee was alighting from a streetcar in front of the White House just as two Puerto Rican nationalists attempted to shoot their way into Blair House in an attempt to kill President Harry S. Truman
Leif J. Sverdrup - That year Sverdrup was presented with his Commander of the Order of the British Empire by the Australian Ambassador to the United States, Norman Makin, in a ceremony at the Embassy of Australia in Washington, Missouri, D.C. When Sverdrup heard that MacArthur was returning from Japan after being relieved by President Harry S. Truman in April 1951, Sverdrup flew to greet him on arrival, along with Hanford MacNider and William C. Chase
Thomas J. Hudner, Jr. - On 13 April 1951, Hudner received the Medal of Honor from President Harry S. Truman, meeting Brown's widow, Daisy Brown, in the process
Charges that Soviet agents had infiltrated the government bedeviled the Truman Administration and became a major campaign issue for Eisenhower in 1952.
Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. - On January 1, 1952, President Harry S. Truman appointed Shepherd Commandant of the Marine Corps
William E. Barber - On August 20, 1952, Major Barber was presented the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman in ceremonies at the White House
James Van Fleet - At the time of his retirement from active duty in 1953, former President Harry S. Truman said "General Van Fleet is the greatest general we have ever had
George F. Kennan - In the summer of 1953 President Eisenhower asked Kennan to chair the first of a series of top-secret teams, dubbed Operation Solarium, examining the advantages and disadvantages of continuing the Truman administration's approach of containment and of seeking to "roll back" existing areas of Soviet influence
In 1954, Eleanor Roosevelt said that Truman had "made the only decision he could," and that the bomb's use was necessary "to avoid tremendous sacrifice of American lives.
In 1956, Truman traveled to Europe with his wife.
As early as 1962, a poll of 75 distinguished historians conducted by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr. ranked Truman among the "near great" presidents.
Until the ratification of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1967, there was no provision for filling a mid-term vacancy in the office of vice president.
In 1975, the Truman Scholarship was created as a federal program to honor U.S. college students who exemplified dedication to public service and leadership in public policy
Bess died in 1982; they both are buried at the Harry S. Truman Library & Museum in Independence
In 2000, the headquarters for the State Department, built in the 1930s but never officially named, was dedicated as the Harry S Truman Building
In 2001, the University of Missouri established the Harry S. Truman School of Public Affairs to advance the study and practice of governance
In 2006, Thomas Daniel, grandson of the Trumans, accepted a star on the Missouri Walk of Fame to honor his late grandfather
On November 13, 2018, Truman was inducted into the Hall of Fame for the Command and General Staff College, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas