Hendrik Verwoerd

Knowledge Identifier: +Hendrik_Verwoerd


Hendrik Verwoerd

Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1901.

Countries: South Africa (68%), Germany (9%), (9%)

Main connections: Dan Jacobson, United Nations Security Council, Dag Hammarskjold

Linked to: National Party, National Party of South Africa, University of Oxford, Wynberg Boys' High School




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Hendrik Verwoerd was born in 1901 add something


His father was a shopkeeper and a deeply religious man who decided to move his family to South Africa in 1903 because of his sympathy towards the Afrikaner nation after the Second Boer War add something


In 1913, the family moved to Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia, where the elder Verwoerd became an assistant evangelist in the Dutch Reformed Church add something


Due to the worldwide spanish flu epidemic, Hendrik Verwoerd sat for his matriculation exams in February 1919, proving himself to be an able student at the Lutheran School in Wynberg and Wynberg Boys' High School, achieving first position in the Orange Free State and fifth in South Africa add something


Verwoerd left for Germany in 1925, and stayed there during 1926, studying at the universities of Hamburg, Berlin and Leipzig add something


Verwoerd's fiancee, Betsie Schoombie, joined him in Germany and they were subsequently married on 7 January 1927 in Hamburg add something


Verwoerd returned with his wife to South Africa in 1928 and was appointed to the chair of Applied Psychology at the University of Stellenbosch where, six years later, he became Professor of Sociology and Social Work add something


His later critics have at times suggested that this coincided with the rise of German National Socialism in the 1930s; however, according to the "Dictionary of South African Biography" of 1981, his stay predated it by a number of years add something


The creation of a Republic was one of the National Party's long-term goals since originally coming to power in 1948 add something


The South African general election of 1948 was held on 26 May 1948 and saw the Nationalist Party win the general election add something


Hendrik Verwoerd was elected to the Senate later that year, and became the minister of native affairs under Prime Minister Malan in 1950, until his appointment as prime minister in 1958 add something


Prime Minister Daniel Malan announced his retirement from politics following the NP's success in the elections of 1953 add something


With his overwhelming constituency victory in the 1958 election and the death shortly thereafter of Prime Minister J.G. Strijdom, Verwoerd was appointed by the Governor-General to organise a Government as Prime Minister add something


He was Prime Minister during the establishment of the Republic of South Africa in 1960, thereby fulfilling the Afrikaner dream of an independent republic for South Africans add something


In January 1960, Verwoerd announced that a referendum would be called to determine the Republican issue, the objective being a republic within the Commonwealth add something


On 9 April 1960, Verwoerd opened the Union Exposition on the Witwatersrand to mark the jubilee of the Union of South Africa add something


On 26 September 1960, he was committed to Pretoria Central Prison to 'await indication of the Governor General's pleasure' add something


The referendum was accepted by Parliament and was held on 5 October 1960, in which voters were asked, "Are you in favour of a Republic for the Union-" 52 percent voted 'Yes' add something


In 1961, UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld visited South Africa where he could not reach an agreement with Prime Minister Verwoerd add something


Second Boer War - Treaty of Vereeniging - The Republic of South Africa came into existence on 31 May 1961, this significant date was chosen because it was the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging that had brought the Second Boer War to an end in 1902 add something


On 1 October 1961, he hanged himself at Bloemfontein Mental Hospital add something


In 1962, the UN General Assembly requested that its members sever political, fiscal and transportation ties with South Africa add something


On 7 August 1963, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 181 calling for a voluntary arms embargo against South Africa, and in the same year, a Special Committee Against Apartheid was established to encourage and oversee plans of action against the authorities add something


From 1964, the US and Britain discontinued their arms trade with South Africa add something


The National Party under Verwoerd won the 1966 general election add something

Hendrik Verwoerd died in 1966 add something


Life International, 3 October 1966 add something


Dan Jacobson - In 2000 he edited and translated from the Dutch "Een mond vol Glas" by Henk van Woerden, an imaginative re-creation of the circumstances leading to the assassination of the South African president Dr Hendrik Verwoerd, in the country's House of Assembly


The still blood-stained carpet where Hendrik Verwoerd lay after the murder remained in Parliament until it was removed in 2004 add something


Trevor Manuel - On 2 March 2011, Manuel published an open letter to Jimmy Manyi, the spokesperson for the South African government, in which he accused him of racism and compared him to Hendrik Verwoerd


On the 50th anniversary of Verwoerd's assassination in 2016, the major debate within the South Africa media was whatever Tsafandas should be regarded as a hero or not, with some arguing that Tsafandas should be seen as an anti-apartheid hero while arguing against such an interpretation under the grounds that Tsfandas assassinated Verwoerd because he was mentally ill, not because he was opposed to Verwoerd's politics add something