Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter

Knowledge Identifier: +Henry_Cecil,_1st_Marquess_of_Exeter


Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter

British peer and Member of Parliament add

Category: Politics

Born in 1754.

Countries: United Kingdom (80%), (20%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey, House of Lords, Member of parliament

Linked to: Eton College, St John's College, Cambridge, House of Lords




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Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter was born in 1754 add something


In 1774, when still only 20, he was returned as MP for the family controlled borough of Stamford, a seat he held until 1790 add something


Henry Cecil married, firstly, Emma Vernon, daughter of Thomas Vernon, of Hanbury Hall, in 1776 add something


They had one son born in 1777 who died aged two months, but no further children add something


An enclosure act for Hanbury was passed in 1781, and exchanges of land were made to consolidate the holdings so that they could be made into more economic farms with better rents add something


In 1785 a new curate for Hanbury church, Rev William Sneyd, was appointed, and soon afterwards Henry's wife Emma started an affair with him add something


She eventually confessed what was happening to her husband in May 1789, pleading to be allowed to live with her lover, but Henry of resisted this add something


Some time soon after he fell in love with and married in April 1790 Sarah, the simple 16 year old daughter of local farmer Thomas Hoggins add something


Only in 1791 did Henry obtain a divorce by Act of Parliament, after which he and Sarah went through a second marriage ceremony on 3 October 1791 at St. Mildred Bread Street, London , thus making the union legitimate add something


In 1793 he succeeded his uncle as tenth Earl of Exeter and entered the House of Lords add something


In February the following year their first child, Sophia, was born, and in 1793 a son Henry was born, in Great Bolas, but died soon afterwards add something


In December 1793 his uncle died, and Henry inherited the vast Cecil estates, and moved to Burghley House with his new family add something


Sarah had two more children, Brownlow born in 1795, who was to inherit his father's title and estates, and Thomas born in 1797 add something


But Sarah died after the birth of Thomas, aged only 23, and in 1800 Henry took as his third wife Elizabeth Anne Burrell, daughter of Peter Burrell and former wife of Douglas Hamilton, 8th Duke of Hamilton, in 1800 add something


In February 1801 he was created "'Marquess of Exeter"', the first marquessate to be created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom add something


Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey - In 1801, he was nominated as Member of Parliament for Stamford, where the Bertie family had once held an electoral interest, by the Marquess of Exeter, pre-eminent in the borough

Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess of Exeter died in 1804 add something


Lord Exeter died in May 1804, aged 50, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Brownlow add something


The Marchioness of Exeter died at Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London , in January 1837, aged 79 add something