Henry Ford

Knowledge Identifier: +Henry_Ford


Henry Ford

American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production add

Category: Business

Born in 1863.

Countries: United States (32%), Michigan (17%), (16%)

Main connections: Ford Model T, Michigan, Ford Motor Company

Linked to: Ford Motor Company, League of Nations, Syracuse University Press, Yale University Press




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Henry Ford was born in 1863 add something


Ford was devastated when his mother died in 1876 add something


In 1879, he left home to work as an apprentice machinist in the city of Detroit , first with James F. Flower & Bros add something


He describes himself as someone who raced only because in the 1890s through 1910s, one had to race because prevailing ignorance held that racing was the way to prove the worth of an automobile add something


In 1891, Ford became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company add something


After his promotion to Chief Engineer in 1893, he had enough time and money to devote attention to his personal experiments on gasoline engines add something


Also in 1896, Ford attended a meeting of Edison executives, where he was introduced to Thomas Edison add something


These experiments culminated in 1896 with the completion of a self-propelled vehicle which he named the Ford Quadricycle add something


Encouraged by Edison, Ford designed and built a second vehicle, completing it in 1898 add something


Backed by the capital of Detroit lumber baron William H. Murphy, Ford resigned from the Edison Company and founded the Detroit Automobile Company on August 5, 1899 add something


Ford maintained an interest in auto racing from 1901 to 1913 and began his involvement in the sport as both a builder and a driver, later turning the wheel over to hired drivers add something


Ultimately, the company was not successful and was dissolved in January 1901 add something


With the help of C. Harold Wills, Ford designed, built, and successfully raced a 26-horsepower automobile in October 1901 add something


With this success, Murphy and other stockholders in the Detroit Automobile Company formed the Henry Ford Company on November 30, 1901, with Ford as chief engineer add something


Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company - In 1901 Frank Seiberling provided Henry Ford with racing tires


Detroit Automobile Company - The Detroit Automobile Company was reorganized into the Henry Ford Company on November 20, 1901, after Ford gained further backing from investors because of his racing success


In 1902, Murphy brought in Henry M. Leland as a consultant; Ford, in response, left the company bearing his name add something


He had retired a little more than a year and a half ago from active direction of the great industrial empire he founded in 1903 add something


William T. Piper - He graduated from Harvard University in 1903, and became known as "the Henry Ford of Aviation"


Ford Model T - There were several cars produced or prototyped by Henry Ford from the founding of the company in 1903 until the Model T was introduced


SAE International - In 1905 Andrew L. Riker served as president, and Henry Ford served as the society's first vice president


Arthur Constantin Krebs - In 1906 Krebs traveled to the United States of America to plead in the Selden Case, associated with Henry Ford


The Model T was introduced on October 1, 1908 add something


Detroit Electric - Clara Ford, the wife of Henry Ford, drove Detroit Electrics from 1908, when Henry bought her a Model C coupe with a special child seat, through the late teens


He entered stripped-down Model Ts in races, finishing first in an "ocean-to-ocean" race in 1909, and setting a one-mile oval speed record at Detroit Fairgrounds in 1911 with driver Frank Kulick add something


Fordson tractor - He formed Henry Ford and Son in 1910 in Dearborn, Michigan, taking his young son Edsel Ford as a partner, which was later incorporated on July 27, 1917


Fordson tractor - However, Ford did not give permission and formed his own separate company called Henry Ford and Son in 1910 in Dearborn, Michigan, taking his young son Edsel as a partner


Ford Model T - In 1910, after assembling nearly 12,000 Model Ts, Henry Ford moved the company to the new Highland Park complex


Automobile - His patent was challenged by Henry Ford and others, and overturned in 1911


Car - His patent was challenged by Henry Ford and others, and overturned in 1911


Open source - In 1911, independent automaker Henry Ford won a challenge to the Selden patent


In 1912, Ford cooperated with Giovanni Agnelli of Fiat to launch the first Italian automotive assembly plants add something


Citroen Rosalie - André Citroën had drawn practical inspiration from his 1912 visit to Henry Ford's new Highland Park Ford Plant in Michigan, and in 1932 Citroën was still a European leader in the application of assembly line manufacturing


Always on the hunt for more efficiency and lower costs, in 1913 Ford introduced the moving assembly belts into his plants, which enabled an enormous increase in production add something


In 1913, Ford attempted to enter a reworked Model T in the Indianapolis 500 but was told rules required the addition of another 1,000 pounds to the car before it could qualify add something


Marquis headed Ford's Sociology Department from 1913 to 1921 add something


Dodge - Dodge Brothers enjoyed much success in this field, but the brothers' growing wish to build complete vehicles was exemplified by John Dodge's 1913 exclamation that he was "tired of being carried around in Henry Ford's vest pocket


Joseph Nathaniel French - He was put in charge of the last stages of construction on Henry Ford's Fairlane Manor in Dearborn, Michigan in 1913


Production line - This was taken to the next stage at the Ford Motor Company in 1913, where Henry Ford introduced the innovation of continuously moving the cars being assembled past individual work stations


Ford published a book, circulated to youth in 1914, called "The Case Against the Little White Slaver" which documented many dangers of cigarette smoking attested to by many researchers and luminaries add something


Automobile - This concept was greatly expanded by Henry Ford, beginning in 1914


Car - This concept was greatly expanded by Henry Ford, beginning in 1914


In 1915, the pacifist Rosika Schwimmer gained favor with Ford, who agreed to fund a peace ship to Europe, where World War I was raging add something


Rosika Schwimmer - Peace Ship - In 1915 she gained the support of Henry Ford, who chartered a Peace Ship to Stockholm


Fordson tractor - American engineer, inventor, and businessman Henry Ford built experimental tractors from automobile components during the early 20th century, and launched a prototype known as the Model B in August 1915


When the U.S. entered the war in 1917 the company became a major supplier of weapons, especially the Liberty engine for airplanes, and anti-submarine boats add something


Fordson tractor - "'Fordson"' was a brand name used on a range of mass-produced general-purpose tractors manufactured by Henry Ford & Son, Inc, from 1917 until 1920 when it was merged into the Ford Motor Company, which used the name until 1964


Fordson tractor - Ford incorporated his private company, Henry Ford and Son, Inc, to mass-produce the tractor on July 27, 1917


By 1918, half of all cars in America were Model T's add something


In 1918, Ford's closest aide and private secretary, Ernest G. Liebold, purchased an obscure weekly newspaper for Ford, "The Dearborn, Michigan Independent" add something


In 1918, with the war on and the League of Nations a growing issue in global politics, President Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, encouraged Ford to run for a Michigan seat in the U.S. Senate add something


President Woodrow Wilson asked Ford to run as a Democrat for the United States Senate from Michigan in 1918 add something


Henry Ford turned the presidency of Ford Motor Company over to his son Edsel Ford in December 1918 add something


Ford in the early 1920s sponsored a weekly newspaper that published strongly anti-Semitic views add something


In the 1920s, Ford began work to turn Sudbury, Massachusetts, into a themed historical village add something


In the 1920s, Ford opened plants in Australia, India, and France, and by 1929, he had successful dealerships on six continents add something


The "Independent" ran for eight years, from 1920 until 1927, during which Liebold was editor add something


The first plants in Germany were built in the 1920s with the encouragement of Herbert Hoover and the Commerce Department, which agreed with Ford's theory that international trade was essential to world peace add something


Chevrolet - Chevrolet was positioned by Alfred Sloan to sell mainstream vehicles to compete with Henry Ford's Model T in the 1920s, with "Chevrolet" or "Chevy" being synonymous with GM. In North America, Chevrolet produces and sells a wide range of vehicles, from subcompact automobiles to medium-duty commercial trucks, whereas in Europe, the brand name is used mainly for automobiles produced in Korea by General Motors


Fordson tractor - He merged Henry Ford & Son into the Ford Motor Company in 1920


Louis Marshall - In 1920, Marshall attempted to stop a newspaper owned by Henry Ford, the "Dearborn Independent", from spreading anti-Semitic propaganda


Before leaving his presidency early in 1921, Woodrow Wilson joined other leading Americans in a statement that rebuked Ford and others for their anti-Semitic campaign add something


By the time he wrote his 1922 memoir, he spoke of the Social Department and of the private conditions for profit-sharing in the past tense, and admitted that "paternalism has no place in industry add something


Knock-down kit - By the time that Henry Ford co-wrote his 1922 memoir "My Life and Work", the Ford Motor Company was already shipping car parts from its Michigan plants for final assembly in the regions of the United States or foreign countries where the cars would be sold


Assembly line - In his 1922 autobiography, Henry Ford mentions several benefits of the assembly line including:


Assembly line - In his 1922 autobiography, Henry Ford mentions several benefits of the assembly line including:


Norman Hapgood - Hapgood helped expose Henry Ford's antisemitism as in his article, The Inside Story of Henry Ford's Jew-Mania, Part 4, "Hearst's International", September 1922


In 1923, Ford's pastor, and head of his sociology department, Episcopal minister Samuel S. Marquis, claimed that Ford believed, or "once believed," in reincarnation add something


Carl Edvard Johansson - At the end of his career, in 1923, Johansson started to work for Henry Ford at the Ford Motor Company, in Dearborn, Michigan


In a letter written in 1924, Heinrich Himmler described Ford as "one of our most valuable, important, and witty fighters add something


After the war, it returned to auto manufacturing until 1925, when Ford acquired the Stout Metal Airplane Company add something


By 1926, flagging sales of the Model T finally convinced Henry to make a new model add something


The Trimotor first flew on June 11, 1926, and was the first successful U.S. passenger airliner, accommodating about 12 passengers in a rather uncomfortable fashion add something


Workweek and weekend - In 1926, Henry Ford began shutting down his automotive factories for all of Saturday and Sunday


Workweek and weekend - In 1926, Henry Ford began shutting down his automotive factories for all of Saturday and Sunday


The design was fervently promoted and defended by Ford, and production continued as late as 1927; the final total production was 15,007,034 add something


"Four-Fifths of the hundreds of letters addressed to Ford in July 1927 were from Jews, and almost without exception they praised the Industrialist add something


The libel lawsuit, which was brought by San Francisco lawyer and Jewish farm cooperative organizer Aaron Sapiro in response to anti-Semitic remarks, led Ford to close the "Independent" in December 1927 add something


The result was the successful Ford Model A, introduced in December 1927 and produced through 1931, with a total output of more than 4 million add something


Simmons Bedding Company - Simmons promoted its products aggressively with ads that included testimonials from famous people such as Eleanor Roosevelt in 1927 and Henry Ford, H.G. Wells, Thomas Edison, Guglielmo Marconi and George Bernard Shaw in 1929


Simmons Bedding Company - Simmons promoted its products aggressively with ads that included testimonials from famous people such as Eleanor Roosevelt in 1927 and Henry Ford, H.G. Wells, Thomas Edison, Guglielmo Marconi and George Bernard Shaw in 1929


Ford Model T - On May 26, 1927, Henry Ford watched the 15 millionth Model T Ford roll off the assembly line at his factory in Highland Park, Michigan


In 1929, Ford accepted Joseph Stalin's invitation to build a model plant at Gorky, a city now known under its historical name Nizhny Novgorod add something


It was opened in 1929 as the Edison Institute add something


Following a series of strokes in the late 1930s he became increasingly debilitated and was more of a figurehead; other people made the decisions in his name add something


In the late 1930s and early 1940s, Edsel thought Ford had to come to some sort of collective bargaining agreement with the unions because the violence, work disruptions, and bitter stalemates could not go on forever add something


Not until the 1930s did Ford overcome his objection to finance companies, and the Ford-owned Universal Credit Corporation became a major car-financing operation add something


Soybean-based plastics were used in Ford automobiles throughout the 1930s in plastic parts such as car horns, in paint, etc add something


Watt steam engine - The American industrialist Henry Ford moved the engine to Dearborn around 1930


Ford Germany - On 2 October 1930 Henry Ford, aged 67, together with Adenauer, aged only 55, laid the foundation stone for the Cologne Ford Plant: construction, which cost 12 Million Marks, progressed rapidly


Speaking in 1931 to a "Detroit News" reporter, Hitler said he regarded Ford as his "inspiration," explaining his reason for keeping Ford's life-size portrait next to his desk add something


Jeannette Piccard - Henry Ford offered the use of his hangar and brought Orville Wright to observe a flight of Jeannette's in 1933


Harry Miller (auto racing) - After bankruptcy, Miller built race cars with Indianapolis 500 enthusiast Preston Tucker and in 1935 they formed Miller and Tucker, Inc., whose first job was to build ten modified Ford V-8 racers for Henry Ford


William Henry Jackson - In 1936 Edsel Ford backed by his father Henry Ford bought Jackson's 40,000 negatives from Livingstone's estate for "The Edison Institute" known today as Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan


In January 1937, a Ford statement to the "Detroit Jewish Chronicle" disavowed "any connection whatsoever with the publication in Germany of a book known as the "International Jew" add something


The most famous incident, on May 26, 1937, involved Bennett's security men beating with clubs UAW representatives, including Walter Reuther add something


American Civil Liberties Union - In 1937, an internal debate erupted over whether to defend Henry Ford's right to distribute anti-union literature


American Civil Liberties Union - The newly formed National Labor Relations Board posed a dilemma for the ACLU, because in 1937 it issued an order to Henry Ford, prohibiting Ford from disseminating anti-union literature


In July 1938, prior to the outbreak of war, the German consul at Cleveland gave Ford, on his 75th birthday, the award of the Grand Cross of the German Eagle, the highest medal Nazi Germany could bestow on a foreigner add something


Tractor - In 1938 Ferguson entered into a collaboration with Henry Ford to produce the Ford-Ferguson 9N tractor


Tractor - In 1938 Ferguson entered into a collaboration with Henry Ford to produce the Ford-Ferguson 9N tractor


Harry Ferguson - In October 1938, Ferguson made the famous "handshake agreement" with Henry Ford


Ford "insisted that war was the product of greedy financiers who sought profit in human destruction"; in 1939 he went so far as to claim that the torpedoing of U.S. merchant ships by German submarines was the result of conspiratorial activities undertaken by financier war-makers add something


In the run-up to World War II and when the war erupted in 1939, he reported that he did not want to trade with belligerents add something


Beginning in 1940, with the requisitioning of between 100 and 200 French POWs to work as slave laborers, "Ford-Werke" contravened Article 31 of the 1929 Geneva Convention add something


Ford broke ground on Willow Run in the spring of 1941, with the first B-24 coming off the line in October 1942 add something


He "lined up behind the war effort" when the U.S. entered in late 1941 add something


A sit-down strike by the UAW union in April 1941 closed the River Rouge Plant add something


Distribution of "International Jew" was halted in 1942 through legal action by Ford, despite complications from a lack of copyright add something


This project culminated in 1942, when Ford patented an automobile made almost entirely of plastic, attached to a tubular welded frame add something


After Edsel Ford's premature death, Henry Ford nominally resumed control of the company in 1943, but his mental ability was fading add something


When Edsel, president of Ford Motor Company, died of cancer in May 1943, the elderly and ailing Henry Ford decided to assume the presidency add something


Henry Ford II - When his father Edsel, the president of Ford, died of cancer in May 1943 , Henry Ford II was serving in the navy, and was thus unable to take over the presidency of the family-owned business


As Ford became increasingly sidelined, he grew jealous of the publicity Sorensen received; Ford forced Sorensen out in 1944 add something


At its peak, the Willow Run plant produced 650 B-24s per month in 1944 add something


By 1945, Ford was making a B-24s in eighteen hours add something


Nothing happened until 1945, with bankruptcy a serious risk add something


Fordson tractor - Henry Ford passed leadership of his company to grandson Henry Ford II in 1945


Scientific management - There was a belief at Ford, which remained dominant until Henry Ford II took over the company in 1945, that the world's experts were worthless, because if Ford had listened to them, it would have failed to attain its great successes


He died in 1947 of a cerebral hemorrhage at age 83 in Fair Lane, his Dearborn, Michigan estate add something


Henry Ford II , in a purge of the old guard, forced out Bennett in 1947 add something

Henry Ford died in 1947 add something


Harry Ferguson - By 1952, most of the important Ferguson patents had expired, and this allowed Henry Ford II to claim that the case had not restricted Ford's activities too much


Arthur Franz - In 1955, Franz portrayed the automobile magnate Henry Ford in a television film, "A Story About Henry Ford", with Karen Sharpe as Ford's wife, Clara Bryant Ford


Henry Ford II - Notably, under the leadership of Henry Ford II, Ford Motor Company became a publicly traded corporation in 1956


Robert McNamara - McNamara was a force behind the wildly popular Ford Falcon sedan, introduced in the fall of 1959— a small, simple and inexpensive-to-produce counter to the large, expensive vehicles prominent in the late 1950s


Robert McNamara - On November 9, 1960, McNamara became the first president of Ford from outside the Ford family


Ron Paul - Paul earned a Doctor of Medicine degree from Duke University's School of Medicine in 1961, and completed his medical internship at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit and his residency in obstetrics and gynecology at Magee-Womens Hospital in Pittsburgh.


Henry Ford II - Although, strictly speaking, it was too late for that, as the Ford Motor Company had been selling a Mazda compact pickup truck as the Ford Courier since late 1971, Henry Ford II did not like the idea of flagship North American passenger car models moving in that direction


Years later, in 1977, Winifred claimed that Ford had told her that he had helped finance Hitler add something


Henry Ford II - Ford died of pneumonia in Detroit at Henry Ford Hospital on September 29, 1987, at the age of 70


Fordism - "Americanism and Fordism - American Style: Kate Richards O'hare's 'Has Henry Ford Made Good-'" "Labor History" 1988 29: 241-252


Nevertheless, Ford did make quite an impact on auto racing during his racing years, and he was inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1996 add something


Alan Alda - In 1996, Alda played Henry Ford in "Camping With Henry and Tom", based on the book by Mark St. Germain, and Ben Stiller's father in the comedy film "Flirting with Disaster"


" December 2003 Ford is the only American mentioned in "Mein Kampf" add something


Mitt Romney - Romney formally announced his candidacy for the 2008 Republican nomination for president on February 13, 2007, at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.


" DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 2015 add something