Henry James

Knowledge Identifier: +Henry_James


Henry James

American-British writer who spent most of his writing career in Britain add

Category: Literature

Born in 1843.

Countries: United States (52%), United Kingdom (31%), (5%)

Main connections: The Aspern Papers, Michael Redgrave, Constance Fenimore Woolson

Linked to: The Slate Group




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Henry James was born in 1843 add something


Between 1855 and 1860, the James' household traveled to London, Paris, Geneva, Boulogne-sur-Mer and Newport, Rhode Island, according to the father's current interests and publishing ventures, retreating to the United States when funds were low add something


In 1860 the family returned to Newport, and in 1864 moved to Boston, Massachusetts to be near William, who had enrolled in the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard, and in the medical school add something


William Dean Howells - In 1860 he visited Boston and met with other American writers James Thomas Fields, James Russell Lowell, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson, and became a personal friend to many, including Henry Adams, William James, Henry James and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.


In 1862 he attended Harvard Law School, but realized that he was not interested in studying law add something


His first published work was a review of a stage performance, "Miss Maggie Mitchell in "Fanchon the Cricket," published in 1863 add something


Henry James was only twenty-two when he wrote "The Noble School of Fiction" for "The Nation"'s first issue in 1865 add something


At several points in his career James wrote plays, beginning with one-act plays written for periodicals in 1869 and 1871 and a dramatization of his popular novella "Daisy Miller" in 1882 add something


He attempted to support himself as a free-lance writer in Rome, and secured a position as Paris correspondent for the "New York Tribune", through the influence of its editor John Hay. When these efforts failed, he returned to the United States and briefly supported himself in New York City, but in 1869 settled in London add something


Frank Duveneck - In 1886, Duveneck married one of his students who was much admired by Henry James, Boston-born Elizabeth Boott


His long friendship with American novelist Constance Fenimore Woolson, in whose house he lived for a number of weeks in Italy in 1887, and his shock and grief over her suicide in 1894, are discussed in detail in Leon Edel's biography and play a central role in a study by Lyndall Gordon add something


The Aspern Papers - "'The Aspern Papers"' is a novella written by Henry James, originally published in "The Atlantic Monthly" in 1888, with its first book publication later in the same year


From 1890 to 1892, having received a bequest that freed him from magazine publication, he made a strenuous effort to succeed on the London stage, writing a half-dozen plays of which only one, a dramatization of his novel "The American," was produced add something


He converted his novel "The American" into a play that enjoyed modest returns in the early 1890s add something


Kate Josephine Bateman - Bateman left the stage again for several years due to a facial disfigurement caused by illness, but returned to the stage once more in 1891 in Henry James' "The American" and in 1892 opened a school for acting in London


In 1893, however, he responded to a request from actor-manager George Alexander for a serious play for the opening of his renovated St. James's Theatre, and James wrote a long drama, "Guy Domville", which Alexander produced add something


His costume drama "Guy Domville" failed disastrously on its opening night in 1895 add something


There was a noisy uproar on the opening night, 5 January 1895, with hissing from the gallery when James took his bow after the final curtain, and the author was considerably upset add something


Jane Marcet - When Henry James wrote "The Turn of the Screw" in 1898, Marcet was still a standard textbook


The Beast in the Jungle - "'The Beast in the Jungle"' is a 1903 novella by Henry James, first published as part of the collection, "The Better Sort"


In a letter of 6 May 1904, to his brother William, James referred to himself as "always your hopelessly celibate even though sexagenarian Henry" add something


This became the one-act "Summersoft", which he later rewrote into a short story, "Covering End", and expanded into a full-length play, "The High Bid", which had a brief run in London in 1907, when James made another concerted effort to write for the stage add something


Ford Madox Ford - During 1908, he initiated "The English Review", in which he published works by Thomas Hardy, H. G. Wells, Joseph Conrad, Henry James, John Galsworthy and William Butler Yeats, and gave debuts to Wyndham Lewis, D. H. Lawrence and Norman Douglas


He wrote three new plays, two of which were in production when the death of Edward VII 6 May 1910, plunged London into mourning and theaters were closed add something


"The Outcry" was a best-seller in the United States when it was published in 1911 add something


James alternated between America and Europe for the first 20 years of his life; eventually he settled in England, becoming a British subject in 1915, one year before his death add something

Henry James died in 1916 add something


Alexander Calder - In June 1929, while traveling by boat from Paris to New York, Calder met his future wife, Louisa James , grandniece of author Henry James and philosopher William James


Michael Redgrave - His plays include "The Seventh Man" and "Circus Boy", both performed at the Liverpool Playhouse in 1935, and his adaptations of "A Woman in Love" at the Embassy Theatre in 1949 and the Henry James novella "The Aspern Papers" at the Queen's Theatre in 1959


Stephen Crane - In 1936, Hemingway wrote in "The Green Hills of Africa" that "The good writers are Henry James, Stephen Crane, and Mark Twain


Ralph Richardson - After leaving the Old Vic, Richardson appeared in the West End as Dr Sloper in a Henry James adaptation, The Heiress, in 1949; David Preston in Home at Seven, in 1950; and Vershinin in Three Sisters in 1951.


Hannah Weiner - She graduated with a B.A. in 1950, with a dissertation on Henry James


In 1954, when the shades of depression were thickening fast, Ernest Hemingway wrote an emotional letter in which he tried to steady himself as he thought James would: "Pretty soon I will have to throw this away so I better try to be calm like Henry James add something


William Slater Brown - In 1957 he married Mary James , the granddaughter of Robertson James and grandniece of Henry James


Gert Hofmann - In 1957, he graduated with a thesis on Henry James


Michael Redgrave - At the Queen's Theatre in London in August 1959 he played H.J. in his own adaptation of the Henry James novella "The Aspern Papers"


Wendy Hiller - Her final appearance on Broadway was as Miss Tina in the 1962 production of Michael Redgrave's adaptation of "The Aspern Papers", from the Henry James novella


Paul Scofield - Other major screen roles include the obsessed Nazi Colonel in "The Train" , Strether in a 1977 TV adaptation of Henry James's novel "The Ambassadors", Tobias in "A Delicate Balance" , Professor Moroi in the film of János Nyíri's "If Winter Comes" , for BBC Television, Mark Van Doren in Robert Redford's film "Quiz Show" , and Thomas Danforth in Nicholas Hytner's film adaptation of Arthur Miller's "The Crucible"


Eileen Brennan - She appeared in Bogdanovich's 1971 classic "The Last Picture Show" and his 1974 adaptation of the Henry James novella "Daisy Miller"


Gayle Hunnicutt - She had a notable role as Charlotte Stant, in the critically acclaimed Jack Pulman 1972 television adaptation of Henry James's novel, "The Golden Bowl"


The Times Literary Supplement - Many distinguished writers have been contributors, including T. S. Eliot, Henry James, and Virginia Woolf, but reviews were normally anonymous until 1974, during which year signed reviews were gradually introduced under the editorship of John Gross


In his 1983 book, "The Novels of Henry James", Edward Wagenknecht offers an assessment that echoes Theodora Bosanquet's: add something


Shelley Duvall - She appeared as the vain, over-friendly, but harmless Countess Geminisister to the calculating Gilbert Osmond in Jane Campion's 1996 adaptation of the Henry James novel "The Portrait of a Lady"


Constance Fenimore Woolson - The relationship between the two writers has prompted much speculation by biographers, especially Lyndall Gordon in her 1998 book, "A Private Life of Henry James"


Toby Litt - A short story by Toby Litt was included in the anthology "All Hail the New Puritans" , edited by Matt Thorne and Nicholas Blincoe, and he has edited "The Outcry" , Henry James's last completed novel, for Penguin in the UK. In 2003 he was nominated by Granta magazine as one of the 20 'Best of Young British Novelists', although his work since has met with mixed reviews, one reviewer in the Guardian writing that his novel "I Play the Drums in a Band Called Okay" "goes on


A complete edition of James's letters began publication in 2006, edited by Pierre Walker and Greg Zacharias add something


Nicola Walker - In 2009 she appeared as a maid in a new BBC adaptation of Henry James' "The Turn of the Screw", which starred Michelle Dockery and Sue Johnston


Julianne Moore - "What Maisie Knew", a 21st-century-adaptation of the novel by Henry James, premiered at the Toronto Film Festival in September 2012


Rebecca Lenkiewicz - Lenkiewicz's adaptation of Henry James' novella "The Turn of the Screw" is scheduled to be performed at London's Almeida Theatre in January 2013


As of 2014, eight volumes have been published, covering the period from 1855 to 1880 add something


Alfre Woodard - In 2016, she was cast in DreamWorks' film "Haunted" based on Henry James' novell "Turn of the Screw" and directing by Juan Carlos Fresnadillo