House of Lords

Knowledge Identifier: &House_of_Lords

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House of Lords

Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom add

Category: Politics

Founded in 2001.

Countries: United Kingdom (84%), (4%), Europe (2%)

Main connections: House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Liberal Democrats, Margaret Thatcher

Linked to: Conservative Party, Labour Party, Chairman of Committees, Democratic Unionist Party

 

Timeline


 

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2001

However, when the choices were announced in April 2001, from a list of 3,000 applicants, the choices were treated with criticism in the media , as all were distinguished in their field, and none were "ordinary people" as some had originally hoped add something


2002

David Stoddart, Baron Stoddart of Swindon - He was expelled from the Labour benches in the House of Lords in 2002 for backing a Socialist Alliance candidate in the 2001 general election, an action he took because he strongly opposed the parachuting of Shaun Woodward, a defector from the Conservative Party, into a safe Labour seat

 

Meta Ramsay, Baroness Ramsay of Cartvale - In 2002 she was appointed Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords a position she still holds

 

Kay Andrews, Baroness Andrews - In the House of Lords, she served as a Government Whip from May 2002 and was a Government Spokesperson for Education and Skills; Health; and Work and Pensions until the election in May 2005


2003

Bryan Davies, Baron Davies of Oldham - He served as Government Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords from 2003 to 2010, and as usual for a holder of that position, held the position of Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard

 

James Younger, 5th Viscount Younger of Leckie - Younger inherited his peerage in 2003, after passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, making him one of only a few excepted hereditary members of the House of Lords who was not a member before the act came into force

 

The overlap of the legislative and executive roles is a characteristic of the Westminster system, as the entire cabinet consists of members of the House of Commons or the House of Lords; however, in June 2003, the Blair Government announced its intention to abolish the post of Lord Chancellor because of the office's mixed executive and judicial responsibilities add something

 

Jack Dormand - His last contribution to the House of Lords debates was on 19 November 2003, when he criticised the situation of "having to borrow money from the state to undertake a degree course" as "a considerable deterrent to poorer families"


2004

They often speak in debates; in 2004 Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury, opened a debate into sentencing legislation add something

 

Richard Rosser, Baron Rosser - Following his retirement from TSSA he was made a life peer as "'Baron Rosser"', of Ickenham in the London Borough of Hillingdon, taking his seat in the House of Lords on the Labour Party benches in the summer of 2004

 

Edward Haughey, Baron Ballyedmond - In 2004, Haughey was made a life peer as Baron Ballyedmond of Mourne in the County of Down and sat in the British House of Lords on behalf of the Ulster Unionist Party, before switching to the Conservative Party

 

Alec Broers, Baron Broers - Lord Broers was Chairman of the Science and Technology Committee of the House of Lords from 2004 to 2007 and was President of the Royal Academy of Engineering from 2001 to 2006

 

Nicola Chapman, Baroness Chapman - She was appointed to the House of Lords in 2004 as "'Baroness Chapman"', of Leeds in the County of West Yorkshire and was the first person with a congenital disability – Osteogenesis imperfecta – to be appointed a peer in modern times

 

David Renton, Baron Renton - Renton was the oldest peer in the House of Lords from 4 April 2004 until his death

 

Paul Drayson, Baron Drayson - He was elevated to the House of Lords in May 2004, made a working peer entitled "'Baron Drayson"', of Kensington in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

 

Timothy Garden, Baron Garden - He became a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords in June 2004, made a life peer as "'Baron Garden"', of Hampstead in the London Borough of Camden

 

Anthony Giddens, Baron Giddens - He was given a life peerage in June 2004, as Baron Giddens, of Southgate in the London Borough of Enfield and sits in the House of Lords for Labour

 

Navnit Dholakia, Baron Dholakia - In November 2004 he was elected joint Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords


2005

A cross-party campaign initiative called "Elect the Lords" was set up to make the case for a predominantly elected Second Chamber in the run up to the 2005 general election add something

 

At the 2005 election, the Labour Party proposed further reform of the Lords, but without specific details add something

 

The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 resulted in the creation of a separate Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, to which the judicial function of the House of Lords, and some of the judicial functions of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, were transferred add something

 

The abolition of the office was rejected by the House of Lords, and the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 was thus amended to preserve the office of Lord Chancellor add something

 

Under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, the existing Lords of Appeal in Ordinary became judges of the new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in 2009 and are barred from sitting or voting in the House of Lords until they retire as judges add something

 

With the passage of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, the post of Lord Speaker was created, a position to which a peer is elected by the House and subsequently appointed by the Crown add something

 

David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham - He was awarded a life peerage in 2005, and now sits on the cross benches of the House of Lords

 

John Roper, Baron Roper - He was the Liberal Democrat Chief Whip in the House of Lords until 2005

 

Rennie Fritchie, Baroness Fritchie - In 2005 she was made a life peer as "'Baroness Fritchie"', of Gloucester in the County of Gloucestershire, and she sits as a crossbencher in the House of Lords

 

Israel Shamir - In February 2005 Labour life peer Nazir Ahmed held a book launch for Shamir in the House of Lords

 

Michael Boyce, Baron Boyce - In May 2005 Boyce was one of the several retired Chiefs of Defence Staff who spoke out in the House of Lords about the risk to servicemen facing liability for their actions - for which he claims politicians are ultimately responsible - before the International Criminal Court

 

Paul Drayson, Baron Drayson - In May 2005 Lord Drayson replaced Lord Bach as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State and Minister for Defence Procurement and as Government Spokesman for Defence to the House of Lords


2006

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - From 2006 to 2007 he was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Energy at the Department of Trade and Industry and the DTI government spokesperson in the House of Lords

 

David Carnegie, 14th Earl of Northesk - In the House of Lords, he spoke on topics relating to civil liberties and privacy, and spoke out against the Identity Cards Act 2006 and new online copyright laws such as those contained in the Digital Economy Act 2010

 

Tony Lloyd - Lloyd was in strongly in favour of and voted for the reform of the House of Lords, the Identity Cards Act 2006, and the expansion of London Heathrow Airport

 

Sheila Noakes, Baroness Noakes - In January 2006 she moved, with Lord Phillips, an amendment to the Identity Cards bill which led to it being defeated in the House of Lords and sent back to the House of Commons

 

Harriet Harman - On 16 March 2006, Harman relinquished her ministerial responsibilities for electoral administration and reform of the House of Lords

 

Simon Mackay, Baron Tanlaw - The bill had its second reading in the House of Lords on 24 March 2006

 

Angus MacNeil - In April 2006, he and former "anti-corruption" MP Martin Bell wrote to prime minister, Tony Blair calling for all appointments to the House of Lords to be suspended in the wake of the scandal

 

Colin Boyd, Baron Boyd of Duncansby - Following the announcement on 11 April 2006 of Boyd's appointment to the House of Lords, his peerage nomination became a talking point in Scottish political circles

 

The first Lord Speaker, elected on 4 May 2006, was Baroness Hayman, a former Labour peer add something

 

David Trimble - In June 2006, he became a member of the House of Lords, taking the title of Baron Trimble of Lisnagarvey in the County of Antrim

 

Colin Boyd, Baron Boyd of Duncansby - He was formally introduced in the House of Lords on 3 July 2006


2007

A report in 2007 stated that many members of the Lords do not attend regularly; the average daily attendance was around 408 add something

 

George Cassidy (bishop) - Cassidy spent much of his time in the House of Lords, where he voted against the Equality Act in early 2007

 

On 7 March 2007, members of the House of Commons voted ten times on a variety of alternative compositions for the upper chamber add something

 

David Maclean - The Bill was passed by the House of Commons on 18 May 2007, but has so far failed to find a sponsor in the House of Lords

 

Nick Hurd - This achieved its third reading in June 2007 and after being passed by the House of Lords, the "Sustainable Communities Act 2007" received Royal Assent in October 2007

 

David Maclean - A report by the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution published on 20 June 2007 said the Bill "does not meet the requirements of caution and proportionality in enacting legislation of constitutional importance

 

Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi - To take up the post, she was created a life peer as "'Baroness Warsi"', of Dewsbury in the County of West Yorkshire, on 11 October 2007 and was introduced in the House of Lords on 15 October 2007


2008

Peter Price (bishop) - He has sat in the House of Lords as one of the Lords Spiritual since 2008

 

Rosie Malek-Yonan - In 2008 Malek-Yonan addressed the topics of genocide, world peace and in particular the Assyrian Genocide in statements presented at the British House of Lords on 12 March and on 24 April at the House of Commons of the United Kingdom

 

Margaret Thatcher - After collapsing at a House of Lords dinner, Thatcher was admitted to St Thomas' Hospital in central London on 7 March 2008 for tests

 

Eliza Manningham-Buller, Baroness Manningham-Buller - On 8 July 2008, Baroness Manningham-Buller made her maiden speech in the House of Lords since her resignation

 

Peter Mandelson - He rejoined the government when he was made a life peer by the Queen and took his seat in the House of Lords on 13 October 2008

 

Peter Mandelson - On 13 October 2008 he was created "'Baron Mandelson"', of Foy in the County of Herefordshire and of Hartlepool in the County of Durham, and was introduced in the House of Lords the same day


2009

In addition to its role as the upper house, until the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2009, the House of Lords, through the Law Lords, acted as the final court of appeal in the British judicial system add something

 

Issues related to devolution were transferred from the Privy Council to the Supreme Court in 2009 add something

 

Most notably, until 2009 the House of Lords served as the court of last resort for most instances of UK law add something

 

When a cash for influence scandal was referred to the Committee of Privileges in January 2009, the Leader of the House of Lords asked the Privileges Committee to report on what sanctions the House had against its members add something

 

Caroline Cox, Baroness Cox - In February 2009, Cox courted controversy when she and UKIP peer Lord Pearson invited Dutch Freedom Party leader Geert Wilders to show the anti-Islam film "Fitna" before the House of Lords

 

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - In February 2009, it was revealed that Truscott was, in line with House of Lords rules, classifying his small Bath, Somerset flat as his main residence, thus entitling him to claim a £28,000 per year public subsidy of his £700,000 Mayfair flat

 

Geert Wilders - Lord Pearson of Rannoch and Baroness Cox, members of the House of Lords , invited Wilders to a 12 February 2009 showing of "Fitna" in the Palace of Westminster

 

Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott - He resigned from the Labour Party in May 2009, and now sits as a non-affiliated member of the House of Lords

 

Jonathan Sacks - On 13 July 2009 it was announced that Sacks was recommended for a life peerage with a seat in the House of Lords by the House of Lords Appointments Commission

 

Donald Mackay, Baron Mackay of Drumadoon - In October 2009 the judicial functions of the House of Lords were transferred to the new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom under Part 3 of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, with the twelve Lords of Appeal in Ordinary becoming the inaugural Justices of the Court

 

Since 1 October 2009 this role is now held by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom add something

 

Leonard Steinberg, Baron Steinberg - Steinberg died in London on 2 November 2009 while travelling to attend a sitting of the House of Lords


2010

Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - At the 2010 general election he was nominated as the UKIP candidate for the Scottish constituency of Perth and North Perthshire; although a hereditary peer, he was entitled to stand for election for the House of Commons as he is not a member of the House of Lords

 

William Wallace, Baron Wallace of Saltaire - Following the setting up of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition after the 2010 general election Wallace was appointed a Government Whip acting as government spokesperson in the House of Lords on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Department for Work and Pensions and the Department for Education

 

Michael Howard - Howard did not contest his seat of Folkestone and Hythe in the 2010 General Election and entered the House of Lords as "'Baron Howard of Lympne"'

 

Navnit Dholakia, Baron Dholakia - In 2010 he became the sole Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords

 

Raj Bagri, Baron Bagri - In 2010 he stepped down from his seat in the House of Lords in order to maintain his non-domiciled status and so be able to avoid paying UK residents' taxes

 

Michael Howard - In 2010, it was announced David Cameron wanted Howard to join his Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition, possibly as Lord Chancellor, via the House of Lords as part of David Cameron's appeal to rightwing Tories

 

John Sentamu - In a 2010 debate in the House of Lords, Sentamu was critical of the standards of "reasonable grounds to suspect" applied by police

 

Geert Wilders - In January 2010, Wilders was invited again to show his anti-Quran movie "Fitna" in the British House of Lords by Lord Pearson UK Independence Party , and Baroness Cox cross-bencher

 

Mike German, Baron German - In May 2010, German was named to the House of Lords as a 'working peer' in the Dissolution Honours list

 

Paul Boateng - On 28 May 2010, it was announced in the 2010 Dissolution Honours that Boateng would become a member of the House of Lords

 

Michael Howard - On 28 May 2010, it was announced in the Dissolution Honours List that Michael Howard would be ennobled and become a Conservative life peer in the House of Lords

 

Ian Paisley - On 18 June 2010, Paisley was created a life peer as "'Baron Bannside"', of North Antrim in the County of Antrim, and he was introduced in the House of Lords on 5 July 2010

 

Floella Benjamin - On 28 June 2010, Lady Benjamin was introduced to the House of Lords as a Life Peer nominated by the Liberal Democrats with title Baroness Benjamin, of Beckenham in the County of Kent

 

These proposals sparked a debate on 29 June 2010 add something

 

Dolar Popat - In July 2010 he became a member of the House of Lords as a Life Peer and is the first Gujarati to represent the Conservative Party at Parliament

 

Paul Boateng - He was introduced as a member of the House of Lords on 1 July 2010

 

John Prescott - On 8 July 2010, he entered the House of Lords as a life peer with the title "Baron Prescott, of Kingston upon Hull in the County of East Yorkshire"; he is now often referred to as "'Lord Prescott"'

 

Amir Bhatia, Baron Bhatia - In October 2010 Lord Bhatia was suspended for 8 months from the House of Lords due to the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal

 

Stephen Green, Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint - To enable him to be accountable to Parliament, he was created a life peer on 16 November 2010 as "'Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint"', of Hurstpierpoint in the County of West Sussex, and was introduced in the House of Lords on 22 November

 

Dafydd Wigley - On 19 November 2010 it was announced that he had been granted a peerage by the Queen, and took his seat in the House of Lords as Baron Wigley, of Caernarfon on 24 January 2011

 

Reg Empey - On 19 November 2010, it was announced that Empey would be created a life peer and will sit as a Conservative in the House of Lords

 

Michael Lord - On 19 November 2010, it was announced that he would be created a life peer and sit as a Conservative in the House of Lords

 

Michael Ancram - Ancram was created a life peer on 22 November 2010 as "'Baron Kerr of Monteviot"', of Monteviot in Roxburghshire, and was introduced in the House of Lords the same day


2011

Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen - In 2011 he joined the House of Lords

 

John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester - Notes and Queries 58 : 381-386. doi: 10,1093/notesj/gjr109 In autumn of that year, Rochester's special favour with the monarch was cemented when he was given special license by the King to enter the House of Lords early, despite being underage

 

Julian Fellowes - On 12 January 2011, Fellowes was elevated to the Peerage and made a life peer as "'Baron Fellowes of West Stafford"', of West Stafford in the County of Dorset, and was introduced in the House of Lords the following day, where he sits on the Conservative benches

 

Michael Lord - He was introduced into the House of Lords on 18 January 2011, taking the title "'Baron Framlingham"', of Eye in the County of Suffolk, as the alternative would have had him known as Lord Lord

 

George Magan, Baron Magan of Castletown - On 25 January 2011, he was created a life peer as Baron Magan of Castletown, of Kensington in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and he was introduced in the House of Lords on 27 January 2011, where he sits as a Conservative

 

Jenny Randerson - In January 2011, she was created a life peer as "'Baroness Randerson"', and was introduced in the House of Lords on 31 January 2011, and sits on the Liberal Democrat benches

 

Ian Paisley - In February 2011, he had a pacemaker fitted due to cardiac arrhythmia, during his time in the House of Lords

 

Jock Stirrup - He was introduced into the House of Lords on 1 February 2011, where he sits as a crossbencher

 

Michael Bishop, Baron Glendonbrook - On 1 February 2011, Bishop was created a life peer as "'Baron Glendonbrook"', of Bowdon in the County of Cheshire, and was introduced in the House of Lords on 22 March 2011, where he sits as a Conservative

 

Nicol Stephen, Baron Stephen - On 2 February 2011, he was created a life peer as "'Baron Stephen"', of Lower Deeside in the City of Aberdeen, and was introduced in the House of Lords on 7 February 2011, where he sits on the Liberal Democrat benches

 

David Maclean - On 28 February 2011, Maclean was created a life peer as "'Baron Blencathra"', of Penrith in the County of Cumbria, and he was introduced in the House of Lords on 10 March 2011, where he sits as a Conservative

 

Detailed proposals for Lords reform including a draft House of Lords Reform Bill were published on 17 May 2011 add something

 

John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick - As a result of his criminal convictions, and following a report from the Privileges Committee Taylor was suspended from the House of Lords for 12 months from 31 May 2011 to 30 May 2012

 

Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - In July 2011 the House took the "unprecedented step" of publishing online a cease and desist letter to Monckton from the Clerk of the Parliaments, which concluded, "I am publishing this letter on the parliamentary website so that anybody who wishes to check whether you are a Member of the House of Lords can view this official confirmation that you are not

 

Margaret Thatcher - On 31 July 2011 it was announced that her office in the House of Lords had been closed down

 

In 2011, Baroness D'Souza was elected as the second Lord Speaker, replacing Baroness Hayman in September 2011 add something

 

Michael Ashcroft, Baron Ashcroft - Ashcroft has supported military causes; in September 2011 he hosted a reception at the House of Lords for the launch of the Felix Fund, the charity for bomb disposal experts and their families

 

John Habgood, Baron Habgood - Later in his life he ceased attending the House of Lords and took leave of absence; on 3 October 2011 he became one of the first two Peers to formally and permanently retire from membership under a newly-instituted procedure

 

Paul Boateng - In December 2011, he initiated a debate in the House of Lords to discuss cuts in funding to the Citizens Advice Bureau centres, which Lord Boateng vehemently opposed


2012

The proposals were considered by a Joint Committee on House of Lords Reform made up of both MPs and Peers, which issued its final report on 23 April 2012, making the following suggestions: add something

 

Alan Turing - As of May 2012 a private member's bill was before the House of Lords which would grant Turing a statutory pardon if enacted

 

Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi - In May 2012, Warsi apologised for failing to declare rental income in the House of Lords register of interests

 

John Inge - He was introduced into the House of Lords on 25 June 2012 and made his maiden speech three days later on the 28 June

 

Alan Turing - On 26 July 2012, a bill was introduced in the House of Lords to give a statutory pardon to Turing for offences under section 11 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885 of which he was convicted on 31 March 1952

 

Nick Clegg - In August 2012 after reform of the House of Lords was abandoned, Clegg said the Conservatives have defied the Coalition agreement by trying to pick and choose which items of Government policy they support


2013

A private members bill to introduce some reforms was introduced by Dan Byles in 2013 add something

 

Jean Barker, Baroness Trumpington - In 2013, she supported an amendment by Lord Dear to prevent the same-sex marriage bill from receiving a second reading in the House of Lords

 

Edwin Bramall, Baron Bramall - On 25 April 2013 he retired from service in the House of Lords, although he retains his title

 

Alan Turing - On 9 May 2013, the bill was given first reading in the House of Lords

 

Jeremy Purvis - He was elevated to the House of Lords in August 2013

 

Alan Turing - The bill finally passed the House of Lords on 30 October 2013

 

Brian Mackenzie, Baron Mackenzie of Framwellgate - Following a finding in December 2013 by the House of Lords Commissioner for Standards that he had broken the House of Lords Code of Conduct, Lord Mackenzie was suspended from the House for 6 months


2014

David Owen - He sat in the House of Lords as a crossbencher until March 2014, and now sits as an "independent social democrat"

 

In August 2014, former Speaker of the House of Commons Baroness Boothroyd requested that older peers should retire gracefully to ease the overcrowding in the House of Lords add something


2015

A 2015 study found that of 303 people nominated for peerages in the period 2005-14, a total of 211 were former senior figures within politics , or were non-political appointments add something

 

In June 2015, under the House of Lords Act 2015, the House's Standing Orders may provide for the expulsion or suspension of a member upon a resolution of the House add something


2016

Baroness D'Souza was in turn succeeded by Lord Fowler in September 2016, the incumbent Lord Speaker add something


2018

As of 2018, only one of them is female ; most hereditary peerages can be inherited only by men add something

 

By October 2018, the Lord Speaker's committee commended the reduction in peers' numbers, noting that the rate of departures had been greater than expected, with the House of Commons's Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Select Committee approving the progress achieved without legislation add something


2019

A further six closure motions were passed on the 4th April 2019 to significant media attention as part of consideration of a private member's bill concerning the $United_Kingdom (Category:National_upper_houses)'s withdrawal from the European Union add something

 

By April 2019, with the retirement of nearly one hundred peers since the passage of the House of Lords Reform Act 2014, the number of active peers had been reduced to a total of 782, of whom 665 were life peers add something

 

A further six closure motions were passed on 4 April 2019 to significant media attention as part of consideration of a private member's bill concerning the $United_Kingdom (Category:National_upper_houses)'s withdrawal from the European Union add something

 

As of June 2019 there are 661 life peers add something