Howard Hawks

Knowledge Identifier: +Howard_Hawks

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Howard Hawks

American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood eraadd

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1896.

Countries: United States (61%), California (14%), (5%)

Main connections: John Wayne, Cary Grant, Walter Brennan

Linked to: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Cornell University, Pasadena High School, Polytechnic School

 

Timeline


 

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Howard Hawks was born in 1896 add something

 

Howard Hawks was born in Goshen, Indiana on May 30, 1896. add something


1898

In 1898 the family moved to Neenah, Wisconsin where Franks Hawks began working for his father-in-law's Howard Paper Company. add something


1906

Between 1906 and 1909 the Hawks's family began to spend more time in Pasadena, California during the cold Wisconsin winters in order to improve Helen Hawks's ill health. add something


1907

The family settled in a house down the street from Throop Polytechnic Institute (which would eventually become California Institute of Technology), and the Hawks children began attending the school's Polytechnic Elementary School in 1907. add something


1910

Gradually they began to spend only their summers in Wisconsin before permanently moving to Pasadena, California in 1910. add something

 

Hawks was an average student at school and did not exceed in sports, but by 1910 had discovered coaster racing, an early form of soapbox racing. add something


1911

In 1911, Hawks's youngest sibling Helen died suddenly of food poisoning. add something


1912

But in 1912 the Hawks family moved to nearby Glendora, California, where Frank Hawks owned orange groves. add something


1913

Bentley's 1913 novel of the same name, and had already been adapted to film in England in 1920. add something

 

Hawks had his first experience as a film director at the age of twenty-one when he and cinematographer Charles Rosher spent the day filming a tricky double exposure dream sequence with Pickford. add something


1914

In 1914 Hawks returned to Glendora, California and graduated from Pasadena, California High School in 1914. add something


1916

In 1916, C.W. Howard bought his grandson Howard a Mercer race car and Hawks began both racing and working on his new car during summer vacation in California. add something

 

While breaking into the film industry in the summer of 1916, Hawks unsuccessfully attempted to transfer to Stanford University, and returned to Cornell in September 1916. add something


1917

Mille's The Little American, where he met and befriended the eighteen-year-old slate boy James Wong Howe. add something

 

Hawks left Cornell in April 1917 when the United States declared war on Germany and entered World War I. Like many college students who joined the Armed services during the war, he received a degree in absentia in 1918. add something


1918

Due to boredom, Hawks attempted to get a transfer during the first half of 1918 before finally being sent to Fort Monroe, Virginia. add something

 

Like many college students who joined the Armed services during the war, he received a degree in absentia in 1918. add something


1919

After having served in the Air Force, his brother Kenneth Hawks graduated from Yale University in 1919 and the brothers moved to Hollywood together to pursue their careers. add something


1920

Beginning in the early 1920, Hawks lived in rented houses in Hollywood with the group of friends he was accumulating. add something

 

The company made fourteen films between 1920 and 1923, with eight directed by Neilan, three by Dwan and three by Holubar. add something


1923

In 1923, Famous Players-Lasky president Jesse Lasky was looking for a new Production Editor in the Story department of his studio, and Thalberg suggested the Ivy-League Hawks. add something

 

More of a "boy's club" than a production company, the four men gradually drifted apart and went there separate ways by 1923, at which time Hawks decided that he wanted to direct instead of produce. add something


1924

Although Hawks signed a new one-year contract with Famous-Players in the fall of 1924, he broke his contract to become a story editor for Thalberg at MGM with the promise that Thalberg would make him a director in a year. add something

 

Hawks worked on the scripts for all of the films produced, but had his first official screenplay credit in 1924 on Tiger Love. add something


1925

In October 1925 Sol Wurtzel, William Fox's studio superintendent at the Fox Film Corporation, invited Hawks to join his company with the promise of letting Hawks direct. add something


1926

He worked on the scripts for Honesty- The Best Policy in 1926 and Joseph von Sternberg's Underworld in 1927, famous for being one of the first gangster film. add something

 

In 1926 Hawks was introduced to Athole Shearer by his friend Victor Fleming, who was dating Athole's sister Norma Shearer at the time. add something

 

Paid to Love was completed by September 1926, but remained unreleased until July 1927, when it was unsuccessful financially. add something


1927

The film starred Louise Fazenda, Dorothy Phillips and Ethel Wales and was shot in early 1927. add something

 

In March 1927 Hawks signed a new one-year, three picture contract with Fox and was assigned to direct Frazil, based on the play L'Insoumise by Pierre Frondaie. add something

 

Although finished in August 1927, the film was not released until June 1928. add something

 

The film was filmed from October to December 1927 and released in February 1928. add something


1928

In 1928, Charles Lindbergh was the world's most famous person and Wings was one of the most popular films of the year. add something

 

Such Men Are Dangerous was based on the life Alfred Lowenstein, a Belgian captain who either jumped or fell out of his plane in 1928. add something

 

Kenneth Hawks and Mary Astor eventually married in February 1928, while Bill Hawks and Bessie Love married in December 1929. add something

 

The film was shot from April to June 1928, but Fox ordered an additional 15 minutes of dialogue footage to be shot so the film could compete with the new "talkies" being released. add something

 

Louise Brooks - She was noticed in Europe for her pivotal vamp role in the Howard Hawks directed silent "buddy film", "A Girl in Every Port" in 1928


1929

Kenneth's career as a director was quickly rising after his debut film Big Time in 1929. add something

 

Hawk's contract with Fox ended in May 1929, and he never again signed a long-term contract with a major studio but managed to remain an independent producer-director for the rest of his long career. add something

 

In October 1929, Hawks and Shearer had their first child, David Hawks. add something


1930

After several months of unemployment, Hawks renewed his career with his first sound film in 1930. add something

 

By 1930, Hollywood was in upheaval over the coming of "talkies" and many careers were ruined. add something

 

Saunders received solo screen credit for the original story and won an Academy Award for Best Story in 1930. add something

 

The film became one of the biggest hits of 1930. add something

 

Shooting began in late February 1930, about the same time that Howard Hughes was finally finishing his epic World War I aviation epic Hell's Angel's after being in production since September 1927. add something

 

Hawks and Seton Miller worked on the script with Flavin for a month and filming began in September 1930. add something


1931

Shooting began on December 7, 1931 at Ascot Motor Speedway and wrapped on February 1, 1932. add something

 

The film was an adaptation of the hit Broadway play The Front Page by Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur, which had already been made into a film in 1931. add something

 

Later in 1932 he directed Tiger Shark starring Edward G. Robinson as a tuna fisherman. add something

 

The film was completed in September 1931, by the censorship of the Hays Code prevented it from being released as Hawks and Hughes had originally intended, and the two men fought the Hays Office for over a year until the film was released in 1932, after such other pivotal early gangster films as The Public Enemy and Little Caesar. add something


1932

The Departed - This is an homage to Howard Hawks' classic 1932 film "Scarface"


1933

In 1933 Hawks signed a three-picture deal at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios and his first film was there Today We Live in 1933, starring Joan Crawford and Gary Cooper. add something


1934

In 1934 Hawks went to Columbia Pictures to make his first screwball comedy, Twentieth Century, starring John Barrymore and Hawks's distant cousin Carole Lombard. add something


1935

In 1935 Hawks made Barbary Coast with Edward G. Robinson and Miriam Hopkins. add something


1936

 

In 1936 he made the aviation adventure Ceiling Zero with James Cagney and Pat O'Brien. add something


1938

In 1938 Hawks made the screwball comedy Bringing Up Baby for RKO Pictures. add something


1939

Hawks followed this with the aviation drama Only Angels Have Wings, again starring Cary Grant and made in 1939 for Columbia Pictures. add something

 

Jean Arthur - Arthur continued to star in films such as Howard Hawks' "Only Angels Have Wings" in 1939, with love interest Cary Grant, 1942's "The Talk of the Town", directed by George Stevens , and again for Stevens as a government clerk in 1943's "The More the Merrier", for which Arthur was nominated for the Academy *award for Best Actress

 

Rita Hayworth - In 1939, Cohn pressured director Howard Hawks to use Hayworth for a small but important role as a man-trap in the aviation drama "Only Angels Have Wings," in which she played opposite Cary Grant and Jean Arthur

 

Only Angels Have Wings - "'Only Angels Have Wings"' is a 1939 American drama film directed by Howard Hawks, and starring Cary Grant and Jean Arthur, based on a story written by Hawks


1940

Hawks, William Faulkner and Jules Furthman collaborated on the script about a French fishing boat captain and various situations of espionage during the Fall of France in 1940. add something

 

In 1940 Hawks returned to the screwball comedy genre with His Girl Friday, starring Cary Grant and Rosalind Russell. add something


1941

Hawks completed initial shooting of the film in early 1941, but due to perfectionism and battles with the Hollywood Production Code, Hughs continued to re-shoot and reedit the film until it was finally released in 1943, with Hawks uncredited as director. add something

 

In 1941 Hawks began work on the Howard Hughes produced film The Outlaw, based on the life of Billy the Kid and starring Jane Russell. add something

 

In 1941 Hawks made Sergeant York, starring Gary Cooper as a pacifist farmer who becomes a decorated World War I soldier. add something

 

The film was the highest-grossing film of 1941 and won two $Academy_Awards, as well as earning Hawks his only nomination for Best Director. add something

 

Alvin C. York - In 1941, the movie "Sergeant York" directed by Howard Hawks with Gary Cooper in the title role told about his life and Medal of Honor action

 

Ball of Fire - "'Ball of Fire"' is a 1941 American screwball comedy film directed by Howard Hawks and starring Gary Cooper and Barbara Stanwyck

 

Air Force (film) - Director Howard Hawks credited the concept of the film to Lt. Gen. Henry H. Arnold, Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, based on the experiences of a flight of B-17s that left Hamilton Field, California, on the night of December 6, 1941, and literally flew into the war the next morning at Pearl Harbor


1943

After making the World War II film Air Force in 1943 starring John Garfield, Hawks made two films with Hollywood and real life lovers Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall. add something

 

Harry Carey (actor) - Robert White, crew chief of the bomber "Mary Ann" in the 1943 Howard Hawks film "Air Force" and Mr. Melville, the cattle buyer, in Hawks's "Red River"

 

Air Force (film) - "'Air Force"' is a 1943 American war film directed by Howard Hawks and starring John Garfield, John Ridgely, Harry Carey, and Gig Young as crew members on a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress named the "Mary-Ann"


1944

To Have and Have Not, made in 1944, stars Bogart, Bacall and Walter Brennan and is based on a short story by Ernest Hemingway. add something


1946

Hawks re-teamed with the newlyweds in 1946 with The Big Sleep, based on the Philip Marlowe detective novel by Raymond Chandler. add something

 

Charles K. Feldman - Feldman held considerable sway in the making of some films, it was Feldman who suggested to Jack Warner that he recut Howard Hawks' The Big Sleep and add scenes to enhance Bacall's performance, which he felt was more-or-less a 'bit part' in the 1945 cut


1948

In 1948, Hawks made Red River, an epic western reminiscent of Mutiny on the Bounty starring John Wayne and Montgomery Clift in his first film. add something

 

Coleen Gray - In 1948, she appeared as John Wayne's love interest in the opening sequences of "Red River", but, overshadowed by the men in Howard Hawks's western, her career suffered and Fox ended her contract in 1950

 

Red River (1948 film) - "'Red River"' is a 1948 Western film directed and produced by Howard Hawks and starring John Wayne and Montgomery Clift, giving a fictional account of the first cattle drive from Texas to Kansas along the Chisholm Trail


1949

In 1949 Hawks re-teamed with Cary Grant in the screwball comedy I Was a Male War Bride, starring Ann Sheridan. add something

 

I Was a Male War Bride - War bride - "'I Was a Male War Bride"' is a 1949 comedy film directed by Howard Hawks and starring Cary Grant and Ann Sheridan

 

Ann Sheridan - Her role in "I Was a Male War Bride" , directed by Howard Hawks and costarring Cary Grant, gave her another success, but by the 1950s, she was struggling to find work and her film roles were sporadic


1951

In 1951, he produced - and, reputedly, directed - the science fiction film The Thing from Another World. add something

 

Later in 1952 Hawks re-teamed with Cary Grant for the fifth and final time in the screwball comedy Monkey Business, starring Marilyn Monroe and Ginger Rogers. add something

 

John Carpenter - Carpenter's film used the same source material as the 1951 Howard Hawks film, The Thing from Another World, Carpenter's version is more faithful to the John W. Campbell, Jr. novella, Who Goes There?, upon which both films were based.

 

Robert O. Cornthwaite - In 1951, Cornthwaite was cast in Howard Hawks's production of "The Thing from Another World"


1952

Booth Colman - Colman has been appearing in films since 1952, when he appeared uncredited in "The Big Sky" directed by Howard Hawks

 

Arthur Hunnicutt - In 1952, he earned an Oscar nomination for Supporting Actor in the Howard Hawks western "The Big Sky"

 

Monkey Business (1952 film) - "'Monkey Business"' is a 1952 American screwball comedy film directed by Howard Hawks and written by Ben Hecht, which stars Cary Grant, Ginger Rogers, Charles Coburn, and Marilyn Monroe

 

The Big Sky (film) - "'The Big Sky"' is a 1952 American Western film directed by Howard Hawks, based on the novel of the same name


1953

In 1953, Hawks made Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, which featured Marilyn Monroe famously singing "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend. add something

 

Anita Loos - A musical film version was produced in 1953, directed by Howard Hawks and adapted by Charles Lederer

 

Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953 film) - "'Gentlemen Prefer Blondes"' is a 1953 American film adaptation of the 1949 stage musical, released by 20th Century Fox, directed by Howard Hawks, and starring Jane Russell and Marilyn Monroe with Charles Coburn, Elliott Reid, Tommy Noonan, George Winslow, Taylor Holmes, and Norma Varden in supporting roles


1954

Cahiers du cinema - A 1954 article by Truffaut attacked "La qualité française" and was the manifesto for 'la politique des Auteurs' which Andrew Sarris later termed the auteur theory resulting in the re-evaluation of Hollywood films and directors such as Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, Robert_Aldrich, Nicholas Ray, and Fritz Lang

 

Harry Bartell - His few films included the 1954 "Dragnet" movie and an unbilled part in Howard Hawks' "Monkey Business


1955

In 1955 Hawks made an atypical Land of the Pharaohs, a Sword-and-sandal epic about ancient Egypt and starring Jack Hawkins and Joan Collins. add something

 

Great Pyramid of Giza - Well known cinematic movies, which deal with Khufu or at least have the Great Pyramid as a theme, are Howard Hawks' "Land of the Pharaohs" from 1955, a fictional account of the building of the Great Pyramid of Khufu, and Roland Emmerich's "Stargate" from 1994, in which an extraterrestrial device is found near the pyramids

 

Khufu - Well known cinematic movies, which deal with Khufu or at least have the Great Pyramid as a theme, are Howard Hawks' "Land of the Pharaohs" from 1955, a fictional account of the building of the Great Pyramid of Khufu, and Roland Emmerich's "Stargate" from 1994, in which an extraterrestrial device is found near the pyramids

 

Land of the Pharaohs - "'Land of the Pharaohs"' is a 1955 American epic film in Cinemascope, directed and produced by Howard Hawks and starring the two British actors Jack Hawkins and Joan Collins as Pharaoh Khufu and his second wife Nellifer, in fictional account of the building of the Great Pyramid


1959

In 1959 Hawks re-teamed with John Wayne in Rio Bravo, starring Dean Martin, Ricky Nelson and Walter Brennan as four marshal's "defending the fort" of their local jail where a local criminal is awaiting a trial and his family attempt to break him out. add something

 

Angie Dickinson - In 1959, Dickinson appeared in Howard Hawks' "Rio Bravo", in which she played a flirtatious gambler called "Feathers" who becomes attracted to the town sheriff played by Dickinson's childhood idol John Wayne

 

High Noon - In 1959, Wayne teamed up with director Howard Hawks to make "Rio Bravo" as a conservative response

 

John Russell (actor) - Russell appeared in other motion pictures for Warner Brothers, notably as the villain in "Yellowstone Kelly" with other Warner Brothers Television contract stars as well as the Howard Hawks 1959 western, "Rio Bravo", which starred John Wayne, Dean Martin, Ricky Nelson, and Walter Brennan

 

Rio Bravo (film) - "'Rio Bravo"' is a 1959 American Western film produced and directed by Howard Hawks and starring John Wayne, Dean Martin, Ricky Nelson, Angie Dickinson, Walter Brennan, and Ward Bond


1962

In 1962 Hawks made Hatari/, again with John Wayne as a big game hunter in Africa. add something


1964

In 1964 Hawks made his final comedy, Man's Favorite Sport?, which starred Rock_Hudson (since Cary Grant felt he was too old for the role) and Paula Prentiss. add something


1965

James Caan - In 1965 he landed his first starring role in Howard Hawks' auto-racing drama Red Line 7000.


1967

In 1967 Hawks made El Dorado, starring Wayne, Robert Mitchum and James Caan. add something


1970

In 1970 he made Rio Lobo, with Wayne, Jorge Rivero and Jack Elam. add something

 

The film was believed lost until the mid-1970s and was screened for the first time in the US at a Hawks retrospective in 1974. add something


1977

Howard Hawks died in 1977 add something

 

Hawks died on December 26, 1977, aged 81 from complications of a fall several weeks earlier at his home in Palm Springs, California add something


1982

The Thing from Another World - "'The Thing from Another World"' is a 1951 American black-and-white science fiction/horror film produced by Howard Hawks' Winchester Pictures Corporation, released by RKO Pictures, and directed by Christian Nyby


2001

Masato Harada - In a 2001 interview, Harada stated that Howard Hawks was his mentor


2012

In the 2012 Sight & Sound's Greatest Film Poll, Howard Hawks had six films he directed in the Critic's Top 250 Films: "Rio Bravo" , "Bringing Up Baby" , "Only Angels Have Wings" , "His Girl Friday" , "The Big Sleep" and "Red River" add something


2013

Joseph McBride (writer) - In the fall of 2013, the University Press of Kentucky will reprint McBride's classic interview book with director Howard Hawks, "Hawks on Hawks"